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Full text of "Aristotle Works III Aristotelis Opera Omnia.Graece15v.in 4v.comb.PhysicAusc.EdSter.Tauchnitz.1831.1832."

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ARISTOTELIS 

P H Y S I C A. 



EDTTIOKIB STEREOTYPAE C + TAUCHNITIANAE 
NOVA HU'tiESSHi. 



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9UMPTIBU8 OTTOKI3 HOLTZE. 
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Dtodorua Siculas, fi Voll. * , S — 
Diogenes Laertiiua, a Voll. . — 2* 
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Herodotus, 3 Vol! — 5^/, 

I^ophuH, 6 VolL . * . ■ 4 • . 3 — 
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ARISTOTELIS 



OPERA OMNIA. 



VOL. I. 



Inest: PHYSICA AUSCULTATIO. 



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API2T0TEA0YZ *YSKHS 
AKP0ASEQ2 BIBAIA OKTG. 

IRISTOTELIS 

PHYSICORUM 

LIBRI VIII. 



AD 

OPTIMORUM LIBRORUM FIDEM 

iCOVlATI EDIT! I 

EDITIONIS STERBOTYPAE 0. TAUCHNITIANAE / 

NOVA IMPRESSIO. 



LIPSIAE 

SUMPTIBU8 OTTONIS H0LTZJ8. 
1867. 



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PHYSICORUM 
A R G C M E N T C M. 



LI B R I I. 
Cap. 1. De principiis, eorumque cognoscendoruin ra- 
lioue. 2. De iis philosophis, qui ununi mo do principal m 
atatuerint. 3- De Melissi et Parmenidis doctrina. 4. De 
physicorum veterum circa principia placitis. 5. Contra- 
ria ponenda esse principia. 6* No a unum modo, sed 
Bee plura duobus ant tribus esse ponenda. 7. Tria esse 
poneuda, et quomodo. 8. De erroribus veterum. 

L I B R 1 II. 
Cap. 1. Quid ritnatura, 2. Quomodo differat phy- 
sical a mathematteo. Pbystcura et circa roateriam et circa 
fbrmam versari. 3. De causis, quaenani et quotsiot. 4. De 
Fortuna et Casu. 5. Quid de fortuua statuendnm sit. 
& Quomodo differat ab casu. 7. Physici es*e, de omnibus 
camsis disserere. 8. Naturam propter certum fine m agere. 
A De necessitate in rebus physicis. 

-'- LIBRI III. 

•*' Cap- 1 —2. Quid sitmofns. 3. Motuin *sse in m»* 
fc*tt, non in movente. 4. De iofinito. 5. Infinitum sepn- 

_ A» 1ST. Phys. Ausc. 

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n PHYSIC. ARGUMENTTJM. 

rabilc a sensilibus, nullum esse, contra antiquos physicos. 
6. Esse, li. e. existere infinitum, et quomodo sit,, et quid 
sit. 7. Quomodo ex definitione infiu iti sequantur, quae 
de eo siut tradita 8. Aliorum propositiones confutantur* 

L I B R I IV. 
-Cap. 1* An ait locus, et qpid Ule sit. % Locum non esse 
formam rieque matenam. ' 3. Quomodo aliquid in alio 
quodam, et au aliquid in se ipso esse possit. 4. Quid sit 
locus ex sententia auctoHs. 5. De iis, quae sunt in loco, 
deque loci accidentibu*. 6. De vacuo. 7. Antiquorum 
de eo opiniones. 8. Quod non recte per motum astrua- 
tur vacuum, quando posito vacuo tollatur motus. 9. Re— 
futatur opinio eorum , qui vacuum demonstrarunt ex 
denso et raro. 10. Be tempore : an sit, quid sit , et quod 
non sit motus. 11. Esse tempus j sed neque ess* motum, 
nequc sine motu. Temporis esse numerum. 12. Pro— 
ponuntur theoremata, ad plenam temporis cognitionem 
spectantia. 13. Explicatur, quid sit, quod dicimus nunc, 
olim, iam, nuper, quondam , subito. Qua ratione tern* 
pus omnia ferat et auferat. 14* Omnem mutationem mo- 
tumque in tempore fieri. Aliae de tempore quaestioncs. 

L I B R I V. 

Cap. 1. Quot modis mutentnr, quae mutantur, et quid 
diiferat motus a mutatione. 2. De motu et quiete, et quot 
etquales shit motus. 3. Quid sit, quod dicimus : simul, 
seorsim, tangere, inter , deinceps, haerens, continuum* 
4. Quis motus simpliciter sit untia* 5. Quis motus cut 
motui sit contrarius. 6. Quae quies cui motui sit con- 
traria. 

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Physic, argumenttjm. m 

L l B R I VI. 
Cap. 1. De continue Demonstrator, nullum conti- 
nuum ex indivisibilibus compos i turn esse. 2. Et temptis 
ct magnitudinem esse continua et infinite. 3. Id quod 
nunc dicimus , esse indrvislbile, neque motum in eo esse) 
nee quietem. 4* De motut et mutationis diyisione. 5. De 
ot dine partium motns, et primo an sit in motn primum. 
6. Quojuodo ea quae sunt in motn, sese praecedant. 7. De 
finito et infinite in motu. 8. De quibusdam necessariis 
ad divisionem quietis. 9. Confutantur quorundam erro- 
res circa motum, et primum Zenonis, negantis prorsus 
motum esse. 10. Indivisibile non moveri, contra Demo- 
eritum, qui docuerit, atomos per se moveri. Nullam mu- 
tationem infinitam esse, contra Heraclitum, ponentem 
omnia semper moveri. 

LIBRI VII. 
Cap. 1. Quidquid moyeatur , ab aliquo moveri , el 
qnod primus motus qnispiam sit, primusque motor. 2. 
Movens cum eo, quod moveatur, simul esse. 3. Omnein 
atterationem esse in sensilibus , et in parte animae sensi- 
tiva. 4. Qui motus sint inter se comparabiles. 5. Quo* 
raodo inter se comparentur motus. 

LIBRI VIII. 
Cap. 1. Motum utrinque esse aeternum. 2. Defendi- 
tttf hoc contra adversarios. 3. Motum primum esse aeter- 
te, primumque movens immobile; et quare quaedam 
fljbdo moveantur, modo quiescant. 4. Quidquid moveatur, 
a% alio moveri. 5. Primum movens esse immobile. 
& Esse aliquod aeternum primum movens, quod neque 

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iv PHYSIC. ARGTJMENTCTftf. 

pet te neque per tccjdeas moveatur. 7. Primum esse 
jnoUu* lationemfo*it**)> eajnque solam esse conturaara. 
9. Cireularem motnm solum esse posse caminuum. 
9. Eundem esse pass* infinitum ac primum, lW- Primum 
jnoven* expers esse omnia vugnitadaiis et materue. 



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ARISTOTELIS 
PHYSICAB AUSCULTATIONIS 

LIBER I. 



CAPUT 1. 

Jlntt&ri *& tUHroti xal tit tnlarcto&eu ovpfialvH rt€- 
<fl itioag tig fie&odovg, &y sldiy tyxoA $ aVtlet, ij 
**otf«a, i*Hovtavta yyUQl&tf (tots yitQ oto^us- 
&(*jrn>to<txn* fxaoTor, otcty lit atria yvmqhmfitv rot 
XQ»ta, xal rag ifoitg tag ttQtotctg, nal (titoi, rtov 
vtbtXtlw •) dtjXor on xal tr)g ntql (pvoitog Stturrfati? 
miqarsov nqorfgov fo6Qfoa<t&tii tit ntgl ritf &?£<£<• 
2. nhpvxi bH i* t&f yroQititotfyu? %(&* q iSog *<xl 
<n*q>iQT{Qi$v, iitl tit oayiottQO. ty <pvou xal yywqi- 
ptentyd • oi5 yitq taitit r^fii H ymoipa, xal itnlmg • 
IfroJtty atuyxij tor ro6n6P tofrtov rtooiyuv ix t&r 
&GuytoriQtor p& ty tpiou, ^fur di oayuniotov, itrl 
*& otupiortQOL tp <pv(jn x#\ yytoQiptirtQ** 3.*j&art* 
i* i^P t& itoSrtov 9t t Xa xal oacprj t^ cvyxtxtrtikht 
P#*Xo*- iouoo* di ix roxrttoy fhvtat yt\&0t(ia fit 
4tti£tf«, xdl at cttfct}, focu^diiai, tditdt. 4. J& & 
'JJ& x«&6Xov M tit xa&* fxaata (HI nqo'uvntt. T& 
Arist.Phys.Aisc. A 

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2 AR1ST0TELJS 

yag oXov xaxa xijv al'od-rjoiv, yv&qip<ixeqov. To 6i 
xa&oXov, oXov xi ioxi. IloXXa yag neqCXapfiavei <5c 
fUgij, xb xa&oXov. 5. ninov&e de xavxb xovxo xgo- 
nov xwa xal xa bvopaxa ngbg tbv Xo) or. "OXov yaq 
xi xal adiogioxutg ot}fiaive*y olov o xvxXog • o de ogi- 
ofibg avxov diougu eig xa xa& exaoxa. Kat xit naMt* 
de xb pkv ixg&xov ngogayogevet itavxag xovg avdgctf 
naxigag, xal (ir t xegag xag yvvaixag • voxegov de &o- 
gi£ei xovxutv exaxegov. 

CAPUT II. 
Idvdyxri d', ijxoi fitav elvai xijv agxrp, 7 7 nXeiovg • 
xal el fiiav, ijxot axivqiov, agneg q>rjol Hagfievidtjg 
xal MeXusoog • ij xivovp&vrjv, wgneg ol (pvoixol* ol 
(lev, aega qpaaxovxeg elvai , ol de vdag, xyv ngtixfpf 
agxijv. El de nXeiovg^ rj neitegao^pevag , ij anelqovq. 
Kal el mnegaouevag, nXeiovg de piag, rj dvo, ij tgelg f 
j} xixxagag, i) aXXov xiva agi&pov • xal el anelgavg, 
ij ovxag itgneg diyioxqixog, xb yevog ev, oxiyiaxi de # 
el'dei diayegovoag, ij xalivavxlag. 2. c O/xq/gjs de £g- 
xovoi xal ol xa ovxa fytovvxeg , noaa * & «* yag xi 
ovxa ioxi, £^tov<7* ngjbxovt xavxa noxegov ev, ij noX- 
Xa * xal el noXXa, el nemgaopeva , rj anuga. "Slgxt 
xt)v agxh v * a + J0 oxolxuov £fjiovai> noxegov $v> *) 
noXXa. 3. To per ovv el Wxal axivyxov xb ov oxo- 
ntiv, ov negl <pv(jtu)$ ioxi oxonetv. "jlgneg yag xal 
t<£ ymfiixqn ov* exi Xoypg iaxl ngbg xbv aveXovxu 
xag *qX*S» a M> V™* toiqag imaxrip^g, ? notour xot- 
vijg' ovxtag ovde x$ nigl agx&v. Ov yag exi agxy 
iaxw, ti h pivov , xalovxvg IV ioxw* *H yaq agxv* 
wig, ? xivav. 4. "Opoiov di) to oxoptuv ti ovxwg 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. I., CAP. II. 3 

tv, xal nqbg aXXtjv &ioiv bnoiavovv diaXiyeo&ait 
xmv Xoyov tvf.%a Xeyopivow, olov tip c Jf£qaxXeixeiov • 
j} iX rig cpait] av&qunov tva xb ov elvai • 5. *} Av- 
etv Xoyov iqiouxbv, onto iptpoteooi piv exovaw 61 
Xoyoi, xal b MeXhoov xal 6 Ilagfuvldov * xal yaq 
ytvdt) Xappdvovot,, xal dovXXoywxoi elai, MaXXov 
de b MeXlaoov epoqxatbg, xal ovx e%&v dnoqiav. *AX£ 
ivbg dxoizov do&ivxog, xdXXa ovuffaivei. Tovxo de 
ovdev z<*Xt7t6v. £. ' Hpiv de inoxeh-d-a, xa qrvou ij 
navxa, rj tvia .xivovpeva elvai. JyXov de ix xyg bta- 
ywyyg. "Aua de oide Xvuv anavxa nqogrjxei, dXtf 1} 
baa ix twv dqy&iv Tig tniduxvvg yfevdexai' boot de 
fit], ov. Olov xbv xexqaymvioubv xbv fiev dia xwv 
TfiTjfidrmv, yswftsiQixov dtaXvoaf xbv de'AvxwpSiv- 
xog, ov ymuiTQixov. 7. Ov uyv aX£ inudi] ntql 
tpvaetag pev, bv* (pvotxdg de anoqiag avfiftaivn Xiyuv 
avxotg, Vowg ex*i *aX<a$, inl pixqbv diaXexdyvat itegl 
aix&v. "j£x* 1 yaq qpiXoooyiav 5 oxitfttg. 8. *Aqxh dk 
olxeioxaxt\ naomv, eneidij noXXax&g Xeyexat xb ov, 
nStg Xiyovatv ol Xiyovrtg elvai IV xa navxa ; noxeqov 
ovaiav xa navxa, i] nova [xa navxa,] y noii ; xal 
naXtv, noxeqov ovaiav filar xa navxa, olov itv&gio- 
nov tva, ^ Xmiov tva, rj if> v xh v /"'«*/ V noibv tv* 
xal xovxo, olov Xevxbv, y &eqftbv, ij x&v aXXeav xi 
tmv xoiovxtov; xavxa yaq navxa diaqiiqei xenoXv, 
xal ddvvaxa Xiyuv. 9. Ei fiev yaq eoxai xal ovoia, 
xalnoobv, xal noibv (xal xavtaeixe anoXeXvpeva 
in dXXyXwv, eX xe uir\) noXXa xa ovxa' ei de anavxa 
noibv, rj noabv, efxe ovoi\g ovatag, elxe fiy ovatjg, 
Sxonov ' ei del axonov Xiyuv xb advvaxov. Ovdev 

A2 

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1 



4 ARISTOTELIS 

yctq tutv aXXtav jfttOiordr 6ro naqu tiJx ovaiat • n ar- 
ia yuo xa& vitoxupiyov Xiynou, tj}s ovaiaq. lO.Mt- 
luHtog di tf>i)oi to o> arotoox thai' nooby Soa t# to 
op' to yao &retoor h Ty noem* ovoiay de slvcu 
aitUQOf, y tvom>t«,t«, ij nu&og> ovx (vdizstcu, «* (*V 
xvtrvt uvpfteftuxost ** */*« xal nog* atxa thy, 'O yUq 
vov ineiqov Xiyog r$ nooip noogx^qtcit, && ovx ov- 
ofy, ovdi T<ji noty. El piy toivw xal ovo/a AjtJ, 
xal 9*000?, Mo, xa# ov/ Sr, to oV. 2& d* ovo/a jid- 
yoy, oi'X ajtsiqov, ovdi uiys&og !$« oidiv noaor 
yaq it term. 1 1 . *ifr* fact xa# «vto to ty.noXXax**>g 
liyvtai, Sgnsg xal to or, oxtmiov jlya xqojiov Afc- 
yovow ty eiya* tbitay.* Aiystai b*' «p, ij to owe/i?, 
ij to aoWorrox, jvco Zd/os o <xvto? xa* «If, o too 
W iff *«*«*, «$ffco ptf-v *a* o7?o$. 2£* /w tolyvy evr- 
fX*9$ noXXa to of t*ff antiqor ya$ dwuftiby to 
0vrtr& 12. *iyr«* fl* anooiay root tov fUoovg xal 
tov oXov (fawg di oidir noog tor Xbyov , a)X aixip 
xa&* ahxipiy itbxtooy ty i} TtXtiw to yttoo? xa* to oXor 
xal 7t(*s ty, r^TiUim' xal *i itXtim, nngnXdm* xal 
mo* tay atony tmy ay owc/mx • avTOff id/o? * xa* 
«t t$ oJtw fy fcccrifoor mg adiaianov, or* xa* awra 
avTofc. 13. J ^Ud /i^r a* ig aoWotrox, ovdi nooby, 
ovdi noiby, ovdi dq Stcuqov to or, igmo MiXiaoog 
<pt}Oiv * ovdk ntJtMQaopiyoy) itgnt^ nmopeyidng. To 
yitQ nioug, idtaioMroy, ovtb nvngaofUvoy. 1$. Al- 
ia (tyy ti iy id/y tr to orra nayja, wg Xwniov xal 
Ipaxioy, Jov'l/^axXsiTov Xoyoy ovpftuiyH Xiytty «v- 
xolg* javibv yaq ttnouxai iya&oj xalnaxy, xal wh 
uya&ot «<ra* xml ayu&w • otgrf to avrb taint uyot- 

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PHYSIC. AUSC LIB. I. CAP. 111. 5 

&bv xal oifx aya&bv, xal av&Qwnog, xal Ximog • xal 
ov «*o* xov tv shcu xa ovxa, b Ibyog taxat • alia nt- 
qI xov fiTjdiv ' xal xb xouadl elrat,, xal xb xoatodl 
xavxbv, 15. *£&opjftovvxo de xal ol voxtoov, *«- 
&a7t$Q ol aqxaioi, ftiproTt ovupafry avxoig ccfia xb 
aixb bv flpat xal nolla. d& ol ph to sotip aopulov, 
to$7ieQ Avxoyqwv • ol de xifp li$iv H£TeQ$v&pi£or, OTfc 
o avdywioq ov Isvxbg fan*, alia leXtvxwjcti • ovds 
fla$i£mv ioxlv, alia fladitH ' *W ur) to ear* nroosa- 
itxovxtg, nolXa Hvai noma* to IV, &$ pLovaxwg ltyo~ 
ftivov xov wag, 1} tov ovrog. Uollit de xa ovxa, «f 
loyt$ (olov alio to *Uv*y ely«» nal povatxw • tw £' 
aixa), «/u<jpw* aoAAa apa to £y) ^ dtcugeasi, wgnto 
to pAo>, xa* Ta f<«0^. ^Evxav&a di ditjnoQOW, xal 
wpoloyovp to & 7ioM« drat, afcrtco ovx ivdtxofxtvov 
to avTo & xa* nolla tivaf fifi xa avxixtlfitva di • 
taxi yog to h xal dvv&pu, xal ivxdtxtia. 
CAPUT III. 
Tov xb dtj xQonov xovxov imovoiv advvaxov <pal- 
vtxcu xa ovxa ev stvoct' xal i$ wv irndttxyvovoi, Iv- 
W oi xaltnov. *A(io)6x$qoi yao iourtixwg ovlloyi- 
Covxah xal Miltoaog xal Jlagptvidrig. Kal yag xpsv- 
$fj lajtfiavQVQi , x«* Aovlloytoxoi not * pallov di o 
Msllaoov (poQTiXQg loyog,xal ovx If ciy omoolav al- 
JL« Ivof aroflrov do&svxog , xalla oyfiftahsi,. Tovxo 
#* ovdiv xalmov. 2. "Oxi ph ovv naoaloyl£*xa* 
Milwaog, dr\lov • olixat yig tllqyivou, tl xb yivo- 
ptrov aqxh v *X ei <*it<*v> oxi xal xb pi) ytvbfisvop ovx 
%f«. Jtixa xal xovxo axonov, xb navxbg that, agxh v 
& TtQaypaxog, xal fty xov xqbvov, xal ytvioe&g firj 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



AKISTOTELIS 

ti)q anXr\g t aXXa xal aXXouSoBag, iigmq ovx a&qbag 
ytvofiivrjg uBxapoXyg. 3. "EitBixa xal oV« xl axhyxov, 
ti bv / wgntQ yaq xal xb fUqog bv ov , xodl to vdtaq, 
xiVBixai iv «vtw, dia xl ov xal xb nav; tnuxa aXXoi- 
woig dia xl ovx av bXij ; 'AXXa ui\v, ovdi xm ddei o\6v 
xb bv slvai, nl^v t£> i$ ov. Ovxwg dk bv xal xtov yv- 
oixwv xivBg Xiyovoiv, ixtivwg d' ov. "Av&qionog yaq 
Xnnov bxbqov tw bi&bi, xal xavavxia aXXrjXmv. 4* Kal 
nqbg IlaQfitvidt)* > di, o avxbg xqonog xwv Xoy&v, xal 
bi xivBg aXXoi i'dioi bmji • xal q Xvaig, ni\ ftiv oxi Ujev- 
dfc, nfj di oxi ov avpnBqalvBxai* VJtvdfjg piv, ji a- 
nXojg XaufiavBi xo ov Xiyso&ai, Xtyopisvov noXXax&S * 
aovpniqavxoQ di, oxt u ubva xa Xevxa Xr}<p&tirj, ay* 
ualvovxoq IV xov Xbvxov, ov&iv yxxov noXXa xa Aru- 
xa, xal ov/ bv. Ovxb yaq xy ovvBXfla tv toxai xo A«v- 
xbv, ovxb t« Xoyw. v AXXo yaq soxai xo flvai Xtvxy, 
xal xb dtdty/Uvy, xal ovx %axai naqa xo Xbvxov ov- 
dkv xmqwtov. Ov yaq y x^urtbv, aXXa xb Bivai «t€- 
qov tw ktvxoi, xal a! vnaqxu. 'AXXa xovxo IlaofiBvi- 
dr\g ovnta ovvBwqa. 5. 'Avayxy df} Xaftuv xolg Xi- 
yovaiv tr xb ov tlvat, [iij fiovov W oftfiaiveiv.xb or, 
xa%? ov av xaxriyoqu&ji, aXXa xal omq ov, xal onto 
tv. To yaq ovfifiBfitixbg xa& inoxuuivov xivbg Ji- 
yixat. "jlgi* w ovupi^xB xb ov , ovx toxai * txsqov 
yaq xov Snog. "Eoxat xi aqa ovx ov • ov yaq dr t 
toxai aXXo vnaqxov tj xb onsq av. Ov yaq caret* or~ 
xi avxy slvat, el fifj noXXa xb ov ofjfiaivH ovnag, 
<$qxb tlvai xi tnaoxov. *JXH vnoxBixai xb ov oijfia/- 
vtiv IV. 6. M ow xb onsq ov fitjdBvl avu^tptsv 
aXX' ixr-lvto, xl fiaXXov xb oirtq ov oijfiaivn xb ov, if 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. I. CAP. III. 7 

uqov; tl yag total to ontg ov to avtb xal Xtvxov, 
to Xtvx$ 8* tlvai, (iff iotw ontg ov • ovdiv yag ov- 
Si ovp(itpi)xivai avtoi olov tt to ov * ovdiv yag ov o 
ovx ontg ov ovx Sga ov to Xtvxov ovx ovtta di, 
mgntg Ti (ATJ ov, dXX* oXag prj St, To Sga ontg ov, 
ov* ov • aXrj&ig yag tlnnv, to ot* Xsvxov • tovxo di 
ovx ov iorjfiatvtv * wore tl xal to Xtvxov iai'ipawtv 
ontg ov, nXtUa Sga orjfialvu to ov. 1. Ov iolvw 
ovdi piyt&og t$u to ov, tfntg ontg ov to ov • btati- 
gy yag tttgov to tlvai twv fu>gfav. "Oti di dtaigittai 
to ontg ov tig ontg ov ti aXXo, xal tw Xoyia yavtgov 
olov b av&gomog ti iotlv ontg ov ti , avayxt) xal to 
fwor ontg ov t* tlvai, xal to dlnovv • ti yag pij ontg 
ovta, avpfitPuxita total • tj ow tw dr&gwnia, i} aX- 
iw twl vnoxtipiv^ • aXX' advvatov • ovfiflepfixog tt 
yag flatai, xal Xiyttai toito, tj o ivdixttai vnagx*w> 
xal pi) vnagxtiv * i} ov inagx** iv t$ Xoyco tovto w 
vvpflifirixtv olov, to piv xa-d-ijo&ai, ag x&g&ofit- 
vov iv di t$ oip$ vnagxn o Xoyog b trig Qivbg, y 
ampiv avpfitfit)xivai to oipov. S.^Eti, ooa iv to! 
oguntxca Jioyw tvtotnv, fj i$ a>v iotiv, iv tw Xoyoj toJ 
?ovt<w, ovx iwnigxn 6 Aoyos o tov oXov, olov iv 
ry dinodi 6 tov av&gwtov, t) 4? tqi ylevxw, o tov 
tovxov aWfycwiov. 2$ tolvvv tavta tovtov txti tov 
tgonov, xal Ty av&gmny avp@4pt)xt to dinovv, ava- 
m /wowiTOy *I*at avro * a>?rf ivdixoito av pi) di- 
mwv thai tbv Sv&ganov, rj iv to> Ao/w tiTi tov o7- 
JW$0ff iviotai o tov av&gomov Xoyog • aAAa advva- 
90* ixuvo yag iv tot ixtivov Xoyaj tvtotiv. El d 
Jtay wpfltfirixt to dinovv, xal ib (<oov, xal pr\ iottv 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



8 AHJST0TEL1S 

kxpi ty or, onto of t* # xal o av&g^nog av tiy tmv 
ovpfoPrixoiwv stiotp. 9. *4lXa to o/r«o or ?f, %gt» 
fiTjdtvl ovpfitftyxog • 9mx) xa^' ov aftqm, nal kxcut- 
oov, xal to & Tovwr iU/ia^w * £ adutiQsxuv cloa 
to nav. "jBvw $i ividoaav tolg loyoig Afupottoo+g * 
xy jluv, on nivta tv, tl to ov tv otifiaivth on iatt 
xal to i/A\ ov • t£ & & tiJ$ dtfotofUag atopa rcotij- 
oavttg fityi&ij. JQ. <Paytoov ds xal on ovx dUif- 
#fr, a>£ 4 ?v otipaivii to ov, xai ph olov tt ofia ti}v 
avtkpaotv tlvcn, ovx fazcuovdiv fiy ov oviiv yog 
xwlvu pi} iuilwg tlyai,, alii (ty ov n tlvai to py ov. 
To dri tpavai nag ajrto to ov, &g ti py n c<rra* al- 
io, tv nana soeofrai, atonov. Tig yaa pav&avtt 
aixb to ov, ti f*iy to onto ov t* f7y#*; ff d*e tovto, 
ov&y ovtoj xa)Ai/£t nolla ra ovta tlvah oignto tioy- 
tai. "On piv ovv ovr<ag & thai to ov advvatop, 
dtjlpv. 

CAPUT ?V. 
*Jlg d* oi <pvoutol liyovat, 9vo tootto* tloiv * oi 
A*«r y£o ?y Ttoitparxtg to or a£jua to vnoxtiptvov, q 
twv tqwv Tf, ij aUo, o tor* avow f*iy nvxvittoov, 
aioog ft Xtnjottoov, valla ytvvmh nvHpotrjn xal 
pavotyn nolla noipvrttg. Tiavj a d* fatly ivavtla • 
xa&olov tf* vneooxv xal fUtwpig, Sgntf * o /t*tya yif- 
<h nlatwv xal to pmoov nXqvJi*h Q piv, tavta 
nom vlyv, to di tv, to ttdog* o\ M* to piv tv ti 
vnoxtiptvov, vlyv ' t« d* ivavtla, Qwyooag xal *%~ 
dtj * oi b*i ix tov hog bovvag tag ivavnittpag ix- 
xoivovoiv, oign£Q*Ava$Inavty6g tpffai' xal oaoi di tr 
xal nolla <j>aow fivai ta vvrp, iknpf °Mptm^oxl%g 

m 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. I. CAP. IV. J>_ 

xcti 'jfraSayoqag * & %qv piypatog yaq nal ovjoi ix- 
XQtvovoi xb 0&V' diotajtyovot $' bXlyXtoy, tw toy 
fiiy ntgiodov wow tommy xby 8\ ctJia$' xal xby 
fisp, amtga, TV t« ofHHontori, xal xavavxia • xby di, 
Tii xaXovpiya aioy&ja p**Qv. 2. *Eot*e di *Aya£a- 
?6q&€ ovxug antiqu oh}&T}v<u xa oroi^aa , dice to 
vnoXapfiavur xnr xoivqy doluv x&y <jpi/aixa>»' tu«t 
«i^f|, »C ov ywopivov oudtybg ix xov fc^ byxog* 
JUb fapjo yaq ovxv Xdyovoiy?Hv bfiov xa navxa, xal 
Tdyirw&M rowvdp xa&dtfTtiKtv aXXoiovo&ou' oi de, 
wyxowiv *.#$ duixoiow. 3. *i.T* d 'in xov yiyeo&ai 
i£ £XXrpL<nv xavavxia * ivvn^qx^v «oa * e * 7*0 7r ^ v 
jiip to yivoptvov avayxif yivia&aiij iVovx&v, y in py 
orx&v xovxtav tie, to piv ix fit) bvxav yiveo&ai, 
m&vyarvr • mo* yao xuvxqg bfioyv»fiovov0i xr\g do- 
£$6 Snwvxsg oi ntql (pvototg • to Xotnbv ijdri at»/i/W- 
puv £ dvayxtjg ivopieav, £ oVrwy ftiv xal ivvnaq- 
%b*xmv yivsa&ai * diet di of/Lmqbx^xa xwv oyxwv, t$ 
ayaio&qxw iyjilv. Jib qpaa* nay iy navxl (itfiix&at, 
faix* nay ix navxbg ktaqmy yivbptvov • <palvto&ai ds 
fonptyoyxa, xal TXQogayoQtvso&ai txtoa aXXrjkoyv, ix 
tov paXioxa ineqixovxog , dut xb nlrj&og iy xy [ilfa 
tmv anetyw silixqivjog [iiv yaq oXovXtvxbv tj (ii- 
%0» f f\ aaqxa if ooxovv, oix tlvav bxov dk nXtioxov 
fxUHjxoy *x*h tovxo doxuv tlvat Tj?y qrvoiv xov nqa- 
ffmmof. 4. El di) xb piy anuooy, jj anttooy, ayv&- 
«ff>r> xb fiiv xaxa xb nXii&og tj p&ye&cg aneiooy, «- 
tamovov Ttooiy xi * to ds xax sldog annqoy, ayvio- 
flPftpirtfoV xi. T&v d* aQX&y omslo&y ova&y xal xa- 
l|l ^Xi&og xal xax sl&og, advyaxoy udivat, xa ix 

■ 



10 AKI8TOTELIS 

tovtiw. Ovxw yag ddivcu xo ovv&sxoy vnoXapflair*- 
fisv, oxav eidatfitv ix rlvwv xal noowy iaxiv. 5. *Mt% * 
d*, ** avayxr\ f 6v xb fiogiov £vdix*rcu OTtr\\ixovovv 
tlvai xaxa piy$&og xal aptxgixrixa, xal avxb ivdi- 
Xto&ai* Xiyw di tw xoiovxw xt poocW, ug o ivv- 
nagxov dtatgtfrai to oXqv tl tie advvaxov fwov 1} 
yvxbv bnriUxovovv slvai xaxa piys&og xal liutgoxrj- 
xa, <pav*gbv ou ovdi twy fiogimv oxiovv. "Mora* yag 
xal xb okov bpolng. 2ag£ ds xal boxovv, xal t« to**- ^ 
aura, poota Jwov * xal oi xagnol , %S>¥ <jpvt«v. dif* 
Xov loivvv or* advvaxov oagxa, ^ oorovy, ij «AAo t» 
bnrjXixoyovv that, xb fiiye&og, ij hi* to pu£ov, ij ial 
to sXaxxov. 6. *i?T*, ** anavxa (*b ivvnag/ct xir to*- 
«vt« «V aiUijAo*?, xaJ pig yivsxat, aXX htxglvexat . 
ivovxa, Xdysxai di anb xov nXtiovog, ytvsxai di £& 
bxovoiv bxwvv (olov & aagxbg vdtog ixxgwofi&rovt - 
xal oag$ i$ vb*axog)anav di o&pa nsmgaofiivov ava*+ * 
gtixai VTib owpaxog mnsgaopdvov (pavsgbv bxiovu . 
ipdixtxai iv kxaaxm exaoxov vnagxnv. 3 A<patgB&tiarjg 
yag ex xov vdaxog aagxbg, xal naXw aXXtjg yivopi- - 
vqg ix xov Xomov anojegiosi, tl xal ael 4Xaxxav faro* 
i] ixxgivofiivt), aXX oping ov% xmtgfiaXXu piye&og 
xi xji ofjuxqoxtjxi • wgxe, si fisv oTt/oerat rj exxgioig, 
ovx Snav iv navxl ivioxai ' iv yag t<£ Xomw vdax* 
ovx ivvnagSn oag§. El tie (ii) oxijoexai, aXJ! id f$«* 
a<paigsoiv, iv 7it7isQaafii£v(o fisyi&u Xaa nenegao^vu 
iviaxai , annga xb nX^&oq- xovxo d' advvaxov* 
7. Jlgbg ds xovxoig , si anav ph o&pa a<pcnge\Hvxog . 
xivbg tkaxxov avayxtj yivto&cu , xyg ds aagxbg »f #*» 
otai xo noQov xal fi&ys&u xal ofiixgoxyxt, (pavsgb* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AllSC. LIB. I. CAP. V. il 

oxidxxyg iXctxiaTijQ oaoxbg ovdh ixxQi&^anat o&pa* 
mn*u yao eXotxxov t^g 4Xaxlaxv\g. "Ext d\ iv roTg 
antiooig o<apoasiv irvnaoxoi av i}di) ouq$ anuoog, xal 
a%pa, nal 4yx4waXog t ntxvQutpiva pivxoi «» aXXr)- 
luv • ovdh di yttow orxa, nal antioov txaaxov. Tov~ 
to d' aXoyor. 8. To di prfibxoxt diaxoi&^aead'ai, 
ov* udoxtag piv Xiytxat, bo&»g di teyrtai* xa yao 
*&&H ax<»Qiaxa. El ovr pipinxai xa XQfipaxa nal ai 
Qug, lav dutxQi&ixHV, eoxai xi Xevxbr, */ vytttvbt, 
ov% tTtQO* t* ov, ovdi u*& vnomipivov. "jlgxs «to- 
nog xit advvaxa £ijtwk o vovg, $tntg (fovXexai piv 
dtomolvat • tovto di noiqaat advvaxov, xctl naxa to 
ytoobv xa* *«t« to *roK>y * xal x«t« piv to noobv, 
Snovx sow iXaxujtov piys&og* naxa di to Trotoy, 
or* ixmotara xa na&tj. 9. Ovx 6(>&<og di ovdi-Trjv 
yhnoiv lapfiavn ix tw bpoiottdwv. *Eoti yao m b 
mjkog tig nrjXovg dtaiosixah tori d' wg oil. Kal oi>x 
iuixbg xoonog, *>g nXiv&oi *£ oixiag, xal ohtla ix 
xMv&w. Oilxto di xal vdao xal atjo g aXXtjX<av xal 
uol nal ylvovxai. Bilxiov d* Haxxw xal ntnioaapi- 
vm lafiuv, onto noui 'EpmdoxX^g. 
CAPUT V. 
Harxtg drj xavavxia aox*g noiovoiv , o'ixt Xiyov- 
tsg oTi tv to nay, xal ptj xwovpsvov • (xal yao /Z«o- 
pivtih}g S-eofibv nal yvxqbv aoxag now, xavxa di 
Bfogayootvu nvq nal yt\v •) nal oi, pavbv xal nvxvbv, 
MOfridtjpoxQixog to oxeotbv xal xtvbv, »v to piv mg 
%> to d 9 i*g ovx ov thai op^otv • fr* Math 0XWf™> 
ftfett* TOVTa di yi*n toavxltav. Biosi, »? «w, xaxto, 
~ " ' ^«y, omo&sv • W/waTt, ysyonnupfror, ayuviov, 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



12 AKISTOTELIS 

$i&V> nequptgeg. 2. "Or* utp ovpxavapxla ntag vap- 
x§g nowvoi xig agxag, tylop* ^«» tovxo tvkoymg • 
fle* yiq xag agxag f**P*'£ all^lmp thai, uqxc i$ al- 
itor* xal ix xovx&p navxa. Toig M ipapxiotg xelg 
ngmoig vnigxu favxa, dta uip xo nqtna tlpa*, uri 
4£ allw • dia de xb ivapxia, p») i$ alltjlup. 3. 'Alia 
d*% xovxo xal inl xov loyov oxbytao&ai, nwg avufiai- 
vei. Arjnxiop dy ngixop, on anapx&p xi»p oVrwv ov- 
dip ovx$ noiuv niyvxtp, ovxs naaxup w xvxbp vnb 
roi tvxwjog • oidi yipetai bxwvp £ oxovovp, iar 
/itj Jig laufiapji xaxa ovuftifiyxbg • nag yag ap yipo*- 
xo xb levxbv ix uovatxov, nlqpuui) [xora] avufofhi- 
xbg iXf\ T<p Itvxip tj t£i uilap* xo uovatabp ; alia 
Ibvxop [Up yiptxat 4£ ov levxov, xal xovxov eim ix 
napxbg, all* ix uilapog, ij rmv u*xa$v * xal uqxhji- 
kop, IS ov uovoixov, nlqp oix ix napxog, all* i? 
auovgov, tj tl xi avxwp iaxl psxa£v. 4. Oidi dq 
q>&*ig$xai tig to xvxop ng&xov, olor xo Itvxip, ov* 
tig uovoixop, nlqp efaoxs xaxa avufi&fltixbc, al£ tig 
xo fit} Isvxor • xal xb ui) Itvxop, oix sig xo xvxbv, 
all rig to uilar, rj xb fiexaSv - iaavxng $* xal xb 
uovautbp tig xb uf) uovowbv , xal xovxo oix tig xb 
xvxop, all* tig xb auovaop, ij «* t* avxmr iaxl u*xa- 
|v. 5. Ouoimg oa tovxo xal inl rip allar, fail xal 
xi ut) aula xinr opxwp , alia oip&ira xaxa top av- 
xbp I'xei loyop • alia dta xb pr) xag apttxuuipag 
dw&ioug mpofiao&ai, lap&urti xovxo avufiatpop' 
ap&yxq yag nap xb rjouoouivop IS avagubaxov yht- 
o&ai, xal xb avaoaoaxov i£ tjouoouivov • xal (p&si • 
otad-ai xb %QpoopirQp rig apaquooxiap , xal xavxtjf 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. I. CAP. V. 13 
ov Tyv ivxovavtv, Alia Ti;y ivTinu[Ah n p. 6. Aw- 
yigtt $* ovde* frl a^uoylag nn&v, */ tdfrtog, ij ovv- 
&inttng' ipavtyvv yat> on b aiiog Xoyog iotiv. *AX- 
la pyy xal Qinitt, „«; dydgtag, xal btiovv Silo yire- 
rai bpatug- % ts yag oixia yirstat 4x tov /trj ovy~ 
i&a&Oi, aUu fojwfa&m Ta dl £*/• xal £ iydgiag, 
xal tw baMttuTtopdvm' n # aazrjfioavvrjg, xal txa- 
trjovioijar, i* uiy ri*tf t ta de ovy&svtg rig i<n(v. 
7. El tqIvvv to 5i iaztv al^&ig, a7 iav ay yiyvovto to 
ytr&ptvvr, xal tp&eigoito to ydttgopevov, ij i$ bav- 
tiW, ?7 tk iftxrtia, xal t» jovtwy ptta&v. Ta ds 
fUTCtSv, ix noy frartUay iarlw, olov zgdpata ix Xev- 
xov natp&tvoq. "jig Tt n &rtu av eltj ta yvon yivo- 
fitra , 4} ivaytitx t $ i* frm/ritay. 8. Mixg* fih oiv 
tovtov, ax*$i>y awyxokov&ijuwn xal tiav allcor oi 
nUtarot, xu&aTiEQ si'jtttpw ngoTtgov ndvttg yog 
maToix£a 3 xal rag vn aitir nalovpivag agxag 
*atin$ imUyov md-tVr«ff, opmg tdvavxia Xiyovoiv, 
agntg in joti^ ifo ul%frii*g imyxae&enig. Jta~ 
yiyoiot a 1 allj { lw t tm jovg (*& ngotega, tovg d* 
vvxtgn l&pftuvup ■ xal joiig ph yvutgi/ititsga xata 
rov loyoy, tovg ^i xata ?tjv al'o&qw oi piy yag 
fagpby xal yvxgoy, ot di vygor xalfygor, htgot ft 
nsgiTjov xal aguov, oi Si vtlxog xal tpiXiar, aitiag 
ti&mm t r t g ytriemg. Tavta d 3 aXXyXtov foayigti 
ttaftg xoy ugtifityov -tgonoy. 9."Jlgts Tavta Xiyuy 
us, xt*l Itt^a alkylw - ¥ttga ph, mgntg xal doxti 
ojg wlthr&ig ■ T « ctvra di jf ivakoyov Xap/tavovoi 
lag ix tij:: mnijg ouoTnixlag 9 ta piv yag ntgiixn, 
i 7Trot#XFT(n tmy t'i-ttrrfav. Tavtrj drj woctVTwg 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



14 



AK1ST0TELIS 



Xiyovoi xai kteg&g , xal zuyov, xal ftiXxiov xa§ 
fiir f yvwgifuaTtga xaxtt xbv Xoyov, t&gmg ttgq 
ngbxtgov • oi di, xut* Tfl* aXo&rjoiv • to f*b yag \ 
&oXov, uat a tov Xoyov yvt&gipov to di xa&* tf 
oxov, xaxa %vp aio&rjoiv • o /ti«y yap ito/os, tov ; 
^olov ij fl' otl'o&Tjoig, tov xcnit pigog' olov to/ 
xa* to fiixobv xaxit xbv Xoyov, to di fiavbv xal to : 
xyoy xara tijj> aiVrf-^ow. "Or* ae* 01/y itavxiag \ 
xag agxag thai, tpavsgov. 

CAPUT VI. 
*£x6(i8vov d* av sty Xiyeiv, noTtqov dio, 1} to] 
fj nXtlovg tiol- filar pfr yag ovx olovrs, on otyf 
xa ivapTla' ansigovg di ov, ott ovx iniaxr\xbv to 
80Tat k a/a t« ivavxlmotg iv navxl yivn M* ij| 
ovola iv ti yivog • xal ou ivdix**<*i ix mneoad 
vw. B&twv di ix mmgaoytivwv, iigiteg 3 £/i7rcl 
*Xyg, fj £S antlgtov. liana yag ajtodtdova* oftr 
olgmg *Ava$ayogag ix t&v aittigtav. *Eti Si, iorlv < 
la aXXtav ngoTtga havrla, xal ylvtxai, frtga ££ < 
Xt>v, olov to yXvxv xal mxgbv, xal Xsvxbv xal j 
Ta$ o" ioxctg at J dii fiivsiv. 2. "Oxt piv ovv < 
fiia, ovxs ansigoi, drjXov ixxovroiv insl di ns 
gaoftivai, to fit) notiiv dvo pbvov, f/u wa Xoy 
Anogriatu yag av Tig, nwg tj nvxvotrjg Ti)v fxavoTi 
nouiv t* niyvxev, i} airy Ttjv nvxyoT^roc. 'Oao 
di xal aXXy bnoiaovv ivavTioT^g • ov yag r\ apiXla 
pfixog avvayu, xal noiu xt i$ aixov, ovdi to v& 
i$ ixtbqg, all' Sfiqxo $t$qov ti Tghov, "Evwh di 
iiXtia) Xafiflavovotv, & w xaTaoxevafovo* t^ 
©*tciij> qtvviv. 3. JIgbg di Tovroigtri vnv rodt | 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. I. CAP. VI. 15 

anoofjosuv, tl pu xtg hxioav vjro&i]a6xai xolg ivavxi- 
oiq (fVQiv ovfovbg yaq OQ&fisy xmv ovxmv om/«? 
xavavxla. Tr^v 6' agxv y » °i * a & vnoxsipivov del 
Xiyea&ai xwog. "Eotcu yaq aqxk ™JS UQZW- To Y*Q 
vivoxelfitvoy aqxVt *«* nQoxeqov Hoxu tov xaxriyo- 
govpivov elvai. *'Exi t ovx elvai <papiv ovular ivvtv- 
xlav ovaia. Hig ovv ix pi) ovotwv ovaia av tit}; r\ 
nS>g av nqoxeqov pi\ ovaia ovaiag eiy ; 4. J ton eg 
ti'rig %ov xb nooxsgov aXti&y vopiausv tlvai Xoyov, 
xalrovxov, avayxalov, u piXXu duxadauv ap<f>ox£- 
Qovg avrovg, vnoxt&ivai xi xgixov, aging <paolv oi 
ftlav xiva cpvatv slvai Xiyovxtg xb nav t olov vdotg, i\ 
nvg, i) to psxa£v xoyxiov. 5. doxsl $s xb pexa£v 
paXXov ' nvo yag drj, xal y\> xal ayo, xal vd(og ptx 
hfamwi7(tmv avpnenXty pivot iaxi. Jio ovx aXoyag 
noiovaiv oi xb vnoxdpsvov txegov xovxtav noiovvxsg* 
r<av d* &XXatv, ol aiga. Kal yag o a\\g j/jxiota %x** 
Twv aXXav diaqpogag alad"nxag. *Exopsvov di to vdwg. 
6- 'jiXXa navxsg ys to IV xovxo xolg ivavxiotg ajpj/ua- 
riZovoiv, olov nvxvoxtixi xal pavbvi(ii x xal to> paX- 
Xov xal yxxov. Tavxa #' iaxlv oXtag vix&goxh dyXo- 
voxi, xal sXXsupig, wgnsg tl'grjxat 7igoxegov. JCal 
sows naXala thai xal avxri ?/, do$a, ox* to tv, xal 
vrregoxv xal bXXeupig agxal xwv qvxmv not* nXr\v ov 
xbv avxbv xgbnov • aXt oi pev ao/aiot, xa dvo pkv 
noulvy to Se IV naox^v, Tav oi vaxigov xtvig rov- 
vavtiovl to ftiv tr noiuv, xit Se dvo Ttaoxtw <paal 
paXXov. 7. To pkv ovv xqia qpavat, xa oxoix&<* *?- 
vai, Ixti tovx&v xalix xoiovxatv aXXatv iiuoxonovai 
Boltuv av sxtiv xiv a Xoyov, &gntq tVnoptv xo $t 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



16 AKIST0TEL1S 

nXtim rgmy, oix fti • *oig piy yaq to n&ox*** **«- 
ybv to ev ti b*i ttnaffUp ovnay bio loovxai bay- 
xuaoug, dt^ou /wot? htaxiqag vnaDxttv ixiffay ttva 
ptxa$v qrvoiy *i 9* 4£ aXXyXav dvyavtai ytPvav, 
ntgitoyog ay <ftj y kxioa t&y iyavxiwttwv. ZttfHx 6i 
xal advvcttot rtXstovg sir on iyavtti&ottg tag rto&tag* 
tl yitg oitila h u yivog iotl xov oyxog* ciott xy ngo- 
tegay xal tw voxioov diolaovaiy dXXyXtor at af/a* 
povoy, dXt ov r$ yivu. *Atl yao to kvl yiyUgiia 
iyavtUoolg ioxiv anaaai dial ivayxnaang avayto&ai 
doxovaiv tig filav. 8. "On piy olv 6vt* tvio (ffoi- 
Xtiov, ovxs TtXsloa bvolv J) tQmv, (pavsoiv • roittir fo 
noxsgov, xa&ajttg dnopty, akogiay lx H rtMqv* 
CAPUT VII. 
Jld* ovv ijftilg yt Xlyopty ng&xoy nigl naotjq 
ytviotwg tttX&ovttg * tan yag xaxa qtvoiy, xpt xoiva 
ngwxoy tin or tag, ovxta xa Ttfgl txaaxoy idia &s»guy. 
2. 4>apiy yag yivttf&cu il aXXov aXXo, xal Q foiqov 
txtgov, r\ xa anXa Xiyoyxtg, r\ xa ovyxslpsva. Aiyta 
Si xovxo <5o7* ton yag nov yiyeo&ai ay&gwnov, 
povovxbv ton Si, xal to pi} povatxoy n yiyto&ai 
povoixby, rj xby pr) povoixiv $y&ga>1tov, ay&q&noy 
povoutov. 'AnXovy piy ovv Xiyta xb yiyyopsyoy, toy 
av&gwnov, xal xb pij povaixoy • xal o ylvsxai aftXovv, 
to povaixoy ovyxtip&yov Si, xal o yiyyztat, xal to 
yiyy&psyoy, Stay xby pq povaixbv Sy&gmnoy <fmpiv 
ylyvta&ai tj povaixoy, % povaixbv ay£g<anoy. flW- 
xu>y di , to piy ov povoy Xiytxai xiSt n yiyyso&ai, 
aXXa xaltx rovde, oloy tx pi\povamov povaixog 9 to 
de, ov Xiytrat inl navxmy ov y«o 4£ ay&q$mov tyi- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. {, CAP. VII. |7 

veto povtstjtog, all o ar&Qbmog iyiviTo povoixog. 
1 Q* Trtv di ytvoptrw, t*>$ t« aula Xiyoptv ylyvto&a^ 
ib ph vTtopivov ytyvtiat, to J 1 oix vnopivov o 
ptv yaq ay&^nog vxopirtt povotxbg yivoptwog £v- 
d-gomog, xal iffTi ■ to $b pt^ povo-ixbv,' xal to apov- 
trop T a viz artlta^, ovrt auvud-iiittvQv vnopivti, if. 
dttaotapivmr Je tovjiov f i* bt^twv t&v yiywopdvwv 
jovro iart lafinv, Sv Tig imflX&jtji, wgnso Xiyopir, 
ort $il ati jt vnonua&m to yiyrttpsvov xal tovto 
tl xal aqid-pbi imh tV, wlk* tl'dn yt ovj «V* to yaq 
eT$ti Ityw xal loyta la&Tttw ■ ov yaq tuvtov av&qti- 
ffy xal ti» apovoot thai * xal to pvv vnopivn,To d* 
ovjr vnopiwu* to pfa pij uvTtxEipsvov vnopivw b 
yaq ay&q&mog imopivw to di povoixbv .xal to 
apovaov ovz inoptvu, ovdi to fi ap<po?v Qvyxupi- 
vor~ olov b apovoog uv&qtaTrog. 12. To d* ex Ti- 
ros yhta&ai ti, xal to pl\ to J* yivto&ai t*, paXXov 
uev ItytTfti IttI jar fitf vnopivovTtay, olov 4$ apovoov 
povaixiv yty?u& at , 4* av&omTtov to ov. UXXit pip, 
xal inl Twr vnopivovTiav irioTB itytTai iaavnag • Ik 
^«C Jfttixov dr^iocyTDt yiynis&at ipapsv, ov top ^«A- 

XO* U»datMTif TO flivTOl dx TOV ttVTtXtqUvOV, Xal 

py vTiopfrovtog t apipoieqtag Xiytrai, xal ix TovSt 
Todt, xal ioSe ra&t • xal yaq iZ apovoov yiptratpov- 
uwog, xal o apovaog yivttat povmxog* dtb xal inl 
wotJ vt'yxttutt-ou woavi&g* xnl yaq £ apOVOOV av- 
&qtanov t xetl apovvog av-fravmog ylyveo&at X£y$Tai 
jiovtftxoq* i 3. IloXXaxwg de Ityouivov tov ylyve- 
a&at, xal rtay pi* ov yiyvto&tti txTrlmg, ilXit Tods T# 
fir ptaO- at - (jtirXtoz di ytyvto&ut tuty ovotwv pirov '• 
AliisT, Phyb, Afrw, II 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



18 AR1ST01 EL1S 

xaxa [tiv xaXXa , ipavegbv oxi avayxi) vnoxeio&ai t# 
to yiyvofievov. Kal y'ag noabv, xal notbv xal ngog 
'xi'fxsgov, xal note, xal nov, ylvixcu inoxeifiivov t*- 
vbg, o**tt to ft6vr}v x\v ovolctv xaxa firjdtvbg aXXov 
Xiyto&ai vn'oxupivov , tit 8* aXXa navxa xara Tqg 
violas. "Oxi 8e xal at ovotai, xal oocc aXXa anXctg 
ovxu 1$ vnoxtipivov xivbg yivexui, tmoxonovvxi y£— 
vovi av (pay (gov alel yag ioxi xi o vnoxuxa^ «£ ov 
ylvtxai, xb yiyvbptvov, olov xa (pvxa xal xa £iw« in 
omgfiarog. 14. riyvsxai'de xa yiyvbpeva a.TtXiag i 
xa jih ptta<JX 1 W VLt * <JH > °^ ov ^dgiag ix x<*Xxov • ra 
de ngog&iou, olov ra aiZavopeva * xa 8' aqxxigiaei, 
olov ix xov Xt&ov b *EgfiijS • xa 8e ovv&iaei, olov oi- 
xla* xa 8' &XX011&QU, olov xa xgenofieva xaxa xi d v 
vXtjv. ILavxa 8e xa ovxa yivopeva, qtaveqbv on £$ 
vnoxnpivtov yivexat. i5.1fi.gxe 8qXov ix xtav upq— 
pivtov, oxt xb yivo/iBvov anav atl pvv&exov ioxt' xal 
Ioxi piv ii xb yivbfisvoy , cot* 8e xi o xovxo yivexui, 
Kal xovxo dixxov ij yitg xb vnoxtipevov, q %o my— 
xixttpevov ' Xeyv 8e, avxixew&ai (lev xb auovooy, 
VTTOxsto&ai 8e xbv av&ganov xal xtjv fiev aaxtj/io— 
oivfjv, xal xr)v apogatiav, v, xyv axa£iav, xo avxtxsi- 
pevov • xbv de x<*Xxbv, i£ xbv Xi&ov, ijj xbv xgvoov, to 
vnoxtipevov. 16. 4>avegbv ovv, cog tVneg eiolv ctl- 
xiai xal agxal xwv ipvoei ovxatv, i$ <nv nqytxwv lial, 
xal ytyovaot pi\ xaxa ovufiefiiixog, aXK txaaxov o 
Xeyexai xaxa xr t v ovoiav, St* yiyvexai. anav & ts tov 
vnoxetuevov xa* xyg {iooq)i}S * avyxnxai yaq o ^ov- 
outbg av&QUTiog i$ av&QWTiov xal (tovgtxov > xginov 
nva * diaXvosts yaq xovg Xoyovg tig xovg Xoyovg rove 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. I. CAP. VII. 10 

ixtivwv. 17. dqXov ow Stg yiyvotx «V xa ytyvopwa 
ixxovxwv. *Eaxt da to inxoxsiptvov, agt&ii$ (ih tv t 
9 eldu oe Wo * o /ay f «o Sv&gtuxog xal o xqvoog, xal 
oXms ij i'ii?, aQt&fiytt}. Tods yog x& paXXov, xal ov 
xaxt* 0t?p/?e/?i)xo$, t| «vtov yirtxcu xb yiyviptvov i t 
ds oxigrimg, xal % ivavxi&oig, ovpfieftrpog* §V o« to 
fi#o£, oloy ij T«$t;, jj q povoiKtj, r, t<5j> aXXwv n twv 
ovtcii xaxqyogovahnav. \%. Jib Sort flip wg dvo 
Afxrtoy tdvai, xag agxag, taxi d* vg xgug • xa* Ioti 
fii? <»$ xavarxta, olor «? rtg A«/o* to uovwxbv xal xb 
apovgov, if to &wgfibr xal to yvxgbv, tj to TjQpooue- 
vov xal *o AyagftooTor • lor* de w? ov • vtj' «yUij- 
Zow 71*0 naoxnv tuvavxhu. xSvihxtov. Avsxai di xal 
-wovxQ, dta to «Aio ctWt.TO vnoxsipwov • tovto /ao 
owx havxiov • «?t« ovi« nXsiovg x&p iranlcoy at «o- 
jf«« foowov river, aiUi Wo, <»$ etxtti', tw ctgi&jjy * 
ovt* aw Trariijlw? dvo, d*« to Htgov vn&gx*i*TO f *~ 
*«* aixdig, aXXit xg&g * Itso©* yip t<m ajrf-oowra) x«* 
tw ipeveip to- ttvoi; xal t<$> ^qt^ju cct/otw xa* j|faAx$. 
19. Iloom piv ovv&qz*1 twk 7r^» yivtaiv yvoixav, 
nal-n&g xoaai, ttgtixxi. Xal dxXov 4bxw> or* del 
v7Xoxu6&ctl xi to*s frartlvi?, xal xa havxia dvo «2- 
ww tookox 6*i Tipa aXXow ovx avayxaiov inarov 
yag arrart to tttgov t«j> ivuvxUav voimv xfj ocnovaia 
xal nagovalqnip ficTctfloXijV. 20. */T o" inxoxcipdvi] 
.tpvijig, imattjXT) xara> avaXoyiay. € Jlg yag nobs «^- 
dgiavx* /cdxog, ^ 900$ xkbrp SvXov, tj ngbg x&v «X- 
Aw>»t* tw ixovxuY pLogyip ij vXij nal xb apogyov 
%X**r ngivX&/2iivT7}r:fiQg<pyv' ov**>$ avirj ngbg w- 
o/w ^5«, xat to Tod* w, «a* to 6V. JMla /b«v ovi» «§r- 

B 2 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



20 AKIST0TKL18 

X*\ avjy, ovx ovxm plot own*, ovdi ovxmg tp, wg to 
rods xi • pia tie, jj 6 loyog. **J£xi tie to bavxiop to** 
T<p ^ OTtgrjoif. 21. 7Tk«t« Js ntHp <Wo, *a* ww$ 
orAclc*, ugrjtcu, h xoig &M. UgStxop pb ovvUix&tl, 
on agxal xavapxia pop op • tlaTs^oy $\ or* araynt} 
xal alio xi ynoxuo&ai, xal tlpuh xgia • & & Ttw 
i'vy yaptgbp, jig tj dialog a tiav ipapxUop, *ce* »«$ 
fyovoiv ai ag#al ngbg allying, xal xi to vnoxtip*~ 
pop. Uoxsgor di oveia to tl&og, tj to vnoxtipepov, 
QVTtw dylop- all* oxial agxal xgug, xal niag xgiig, 
xal jig b xgonog avxwv, 6t)lov. 22. Boom pb ovv 
xal xiptg noty ai agxou, ix xovxtap \tuaoiio&tNJi*r. 
CAPUT VIH. 
"On ds povax&g ovxta Ivtxai xal tj rap ao/ouW 
anoxia, liyiaptp petit xavxa. Zytoivisg fag oi xa- 
xU Qilooopiav jrowTOi %vp ilrftiiav, xal xyp yvoi* 
xyp xvtp Spxmp, i^ixgin^oap, oiop odor xipa allipr 
txn(ii)0&ivT6$ vnb amigiag • xal tpaew ovxm ytp*o&** 
x&p opxmp oidb, ovx* qt&tigwdai, dim to apayncuor 
pb thai yiyreo&ai to ytypopipop ij l$bvxog, i} & 
pv\ Spxog. 3 J£x di xovxwp apyoxiguv advvaxov tlpai. 
Ovxb yag to op yipto&ai • tlpat. yag ydy. *J£x t* pq 
opxog ovdb av ytvia&ai • vnoxsUj&aL yag it dti. 

2. Kal oSxot £ij to fVjP^S ovpflaZpop avfyvxtg, ovd' 
tlvttt nollot <paour 9 alia pbvop ai to to ov. *Exupoi 
fib ovy xavxr t p tlctfhv xipr do$av dta xa elgypba. 

3. 'lift h$ b*k ley o far , on to £ ovroc ij pi? ano? y£- 
YtiS&ut, y to /m^ oy, t7 T * ©^ Jioiiiy t* tj tiooxup, ^ 
bxiovv xode yipfe&at, ira pb xg&nov oi&ip Ouupeoet, 
tj to tov Aarooy notur t* { wio^fi^ ^ to ^ iercoov 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. 1. CAP. Mil. 21 

slvai xi 17 yiyvso&ai. 4. 'Start mufti) xovxo dix&g 
Xiysxat, di)Xov ok xixl xo & Snog, xal to ov, ^ noi- 
nr, % naoZBtv. Oixodoptl psv ovv 6 laxgbg , oi% ji 
laxgbg, «Xi' »^ oixodopog* *«l Xsvxbg yivsxai, ovx rj 
laxgbg, dXtf y psXag • iaxgsvsi ds xdl dvlaxgog yivs- 
tou, n iaxgog. 3 Ensl ds pdXioxa Xsyopsv xvgitag xbv 
laxgor noislv it, jq ndox&w> *] fiyvsvd-ai ($ iaJQOv, 
day ji laxgbg xavxa -ndoxjit V noijj, dqXov on xal xo 
firj $ ovxog yiyvto-frjui , *ca roltd oripairsi to jj pr\ 
or, "Oixig ixuvot pir ov duXovxsg , anioTrjoav • xal 
Sim xavxyv xqv iiyvoutv xoaavrov ixgogrjyvorioav, ws- 
t€ ftijfiev qVw&ui yiyvzu&m , pqdi shut xSiv aXXfav, 
dXX* avfXtlv naovv tjj*' yivsaiv. 5. € Hpsig ds xixl 
ctvToi fpttptr, yiyr£o$o>i psv ovtiiv aitXwg ix pij 6V- 
tg*% apwg pivxoi yiyvtaStu ix pi) ovxog , olov xaxu 
uvpfitfiyxog - ix ya(i t^g axsgr\oswg, o s\sxi xa& av- 
xb pit ov, ovx hfV7ivk$xvytog yiyvsxal xt* OavpdZsxai 
di toviQ, ttal txdvrctxtov ovxw doxsi, yiyvsa&ai xt ix 
fit} by tog. G^flaavrag ds oids i^ ovxog ovds xo ov 
yivsvSa% s nXi\P xaxix rrvpftspi)xog. Ovxm ds xal tov- 
to yiyvtQ&at xbp vvtqp jqoitov, olov si ix £g>oi/ tpov 
av yiywoiTo, x&l ix nvbg £wov rl faiov, olov si xvoav 
£ Xnnov yiyrotxa * ylyvotto psv ydg av, ov povov ix 
xwhg Swot/ u xvtiiP} dU.it xal ix £(00 v, aX£ ovx Ji 
two* ■ v7iUQ%u yug ifij) xovto. El ds t* piXXsi yi~ 
yvta&at %£m>v fty x&xit ava^s^xbg, ovx ix (jtiov saxar 
7. xal ti' ti or, ovx ^ oviog, ovd' ix pi) ovxog' xo 
yixo in pi} ovine ttQ^xat, fipiv xl ar\ pah si , ot* tj pi\ 
or. *'tT* Si xnt ii tU'ttt uitav, yxb pi] tlvai, ovx uvat- 
QQVptr. H, h't^ piv &i\ XQonog ovtog. *AkXog ti , 

Digitized by LiOOQ IC 



22 



AK1ST0TEL1S 



lixt ivdextxcci xavxa Xiyny xatit tyy bvvaftiv xal rij 
ivigytiav. Tovto 6' iy aXXoig duagiatai dt uxgtfttid 
paXXoy (&0& (oneg iXiyopsv) al anogUtt Xvorra 
9l ag &yayxa£6fityoi AvaiQova* tip nq^fdpiav *vi* 
dta yag toi tovto tooovtov oi ngottgey iUxfanrjodl 
tijg bdov tr^g inl Tjjjy yivtotv xal (p&ogav, xal ok 
fttxafioXyy, Avxtj yag Sv o\p$u<s<x ij <pvotg, an 
tXvotv aixav xavxqv tyy uyyotar. 
.CAPUT IX. 
*Hn(iivoi fiiv ovv xal ixegoi xtvig doty avxtjg, iX 
ovx ixayibg. IlgSixov psy yag <ypoXoyovoty ctnXmg « 
yso&ai xi ix pi) ovtog , y Jlagjitylfajv bf&<*g Xdytil 
clta qpaiytxat. avxolg, tlneg ioxlv ag*&(i$ ftia, 
dvydpu fiovpy play ehai. Tovto di b\ao)ign nXi 
otov • i t pug jih yag vXip xal otig^aty txtgev e?y| 
{pafiiv • xal tovxwy to fUv oix oy *lva% xatit ovpfl 
flyxog, tyy vXijy " tip di otigijoty, xafr' avxyv 
tr\y (iiy iyyig xal ovolav ntog, tip vXyv • tip Si < 
gnovy ovdafiwg. 2. Oi ds to fiy oy to.fUya xal * 
Htxgbv ofioitog, rj to avyapcpoxegovy i} to X&glg ixi 
tsgov uigxe nuvxtXiaq txtgog b tginog ovtog Til 
tguxdog , xaxeivog • /ue^u pkv yag divgo ng&yX&o 
bxi del ttya vnoxuo&cu tpvoiy. Tavttp phrxot ulo\ 
Ttotovof xul yag sV tig dvada noiii, Xiywv piya \ 
uixgbv avxijv, ov&iv i\ttov taixbv notu' xtfy.ya[ 
frigav nagudt, tip ox&gnatv • ^ fisy yag inoptvoil 
oa, ovv out ia ti\ fioQ<pjj tmy ytvop&ytay ioxlv, «5$ 
M T VQ' V $' ttiga, fioiga t»^ iyayttmoeatg, txoXX 
uv <pavxao&Biri ttp ngbg to xaxoixoiby aixrjg haxiy 
ioyti tr t y diavoiay, ovdi thai tq naganay. 3. 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



.. 



PHYSIC. AUSC, I*IB. 1. CAP. IX. 23 

tog ya$ Tivhj &tlov x«i aya&ov xpl iytxov, to piv 
irayjiov aitf^i ipupuv tlvw to, d$, o ntyvxev itpie- 
ti&ai xal Qtjiyia&txi tzvjov, xaxa tv\v avxov opvoiv. 
Tolq di QVfiftth'H to factvxiov, ooiyea&at xyg kavxov 
q>3o$ag. Kahot qvtz ouro kavxov olov re tyieo&a* 
to twog, dtu to pij that ivdetg m ovxs xb faavxiov 
tp&ttgttxi yaq uXXijlwv Ttiivctviia. 'AXXit xoW taxtv 
^ vlt} t wgxtQ ay tl &t}kv aq^tvog, xal alo/gov xa- 
lov* nlyv ov xa&* avib aioxgov, alia xaxit avfi- 
ftifiTtxog' oiSi &iilv, alia xaxa avppfftrixqg. 4. 
*I>&EititTiti 31 xal ytr&xaij taxi (tev ag, eaxi di wg ov. 
Jig fi.lv yaq to fa tpj xa& y aixb y&ugexai • to <p&£i- 
QQftwor yaq fa xovzti> taxly ij axiqr\<Jig* dg $s xaxit 
xtjv dvvautv, av xaj auto, aM' a<p&aQXOv xal a/c- 
i't t ioy uytiyxy avxi^y thai' clxt yitq iylyvno, ko- 

XUO&al Ti SeI TUtOiTrty, TO i$ OV &U7r<X0jfOyTO£. TOV- 

to 3* itniv avxi} q tpvaig* agxs soxai nglv ytvio&ai. 
Aiyw yaq vl^y f to ti$wtqv vnoxtiptvov, kxaoxw, i£ 
ov ybzTttl xi wvnviQxnvxog pi) xaxit av/ifi^xig' €*'- 

Bxt qftiiozittt xt f tl$ itiVTo a(jp/|tiat to^axov* aigxt 
itp&ttfjftiyri zaiuir, rrqlr y&ctQrjvai. 5. IJegl d$xrig . 
xaxit to ilflo^ &$xns, nottgov fiia % noXXal, xal xig i} 
v*s ttal, fit txxQtfitlag iqg TjQMXTjg <pdooo<piag tqyov 
vl dtoytow wgit ug fauvov xbv xaiQov anoxdo&G). 

"ft fl£ TU>I' (fVGtXMV xul T&y (p&aOXMV €t#GJV fa XOtg 

^oy fieixvvptrotq tgovpw. u Ou per ovv tiaiv ao- 
xtxt xivi$ } xal no oa * xbv aQi-d-fibv, diWQio&o) ^fiiy 
If (thy di ctlfajv wpjfjjy a^dfisvot Xiyafitv. 



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24 ARIST0TELI8 

LIBER II, 
CAPUT I. 

JL tav ovnav xa pkv ioxl <fvon, xa tie di aXXag alxlag 9 
a>vou piv, xa T€ Ziou xal xa piqij avxuv, xal t« <jpu- 
xa, xcxt t« «7ii« Twy owpdnav, olov yrj, xal ttvq, xal 
ailQ, xal vd(OQ * xavxa yaq tlvai xal xa xoiavxa <pi~ 
on tpapiv. Havxa ds xa (jtj&iyTa cpulvsxai dia<pe- 
qovxa nobg xa prj (pvott avvwxwxa. Ta pip yaq 
qtvoH ovxa, navxa qtaivtxai txovra & lavxot? (*QXV* 
xivrjotug xal axaoswg, xa piv xaxa xonov, xit Si xa/ 
avtyoiv, xal (p&loiv, xa di xaxa uXXolwow. 2. Kit-* 
pi\ Ss xal ipax4ov, xalttxi xoiovxov aXXo yivog ioxlv, 
« piv xtxvxyxs *VS xaxyyoqiag kxaoxyg, xal xa& 
ooov iaxlv a Jio xexrqg, ovdspiav bqpiiv %x u p*xapo-> 
Xyg spopvxov • jj Si auppipijx&v aixdig Xi&boig if 
yylvoig thai, i} pixxoig ix xovxtav, €/« xaxa xooov- 
xov. 3. *Slg ovorjg xyg (pvoswg aqxyg xivog xal o*- 
xlag xov xivtlo&ou xal qgepeiv, iv (p vnaqx^ nqtixtif 
xu&' avxb, xal pi] xaxa ovpfiefiqxog. Aiyia di xo pq 
xaxa ovpfopijxbg, Sxt, yivoix* av avxbg kavxot xig at" 
T(o? vyistag, wviaxqog* aXX optag ov xa& o vyta- 
&tou, xijv laxqixv\v fy* 1 * aXXit ovpfiipyx* xov avxbv ' 
iaxqbv rival xal vyia£6pevov dib xal x^Q^xal no- 
T€ iXXiiXwv. 'Opoiwg di xal x(ov aXXwv txaorov T«r. 
noiovpivhtv ovSiv yaq avxav tx H **l v &QjA* *** £«v- 
rw t?Jc 7roi^aea)^, <*jUa t« ji*v fr SkXotg xal e$to&tv, 
olov oixia, xal xiav aXXow xiav xsiQOxptjxtav txaaxov* 
xa ds iv avxoXg piv, aXX* ov xa&* iavxa, ooa xoera 
ovpfoPrjxbg aXxia yiyoix av kavxolg. <I>voig piv ovr 
ioxl xb (ti&iv. 4. ftioiv dt $x tl > Saa xqv xoiavxtp 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC, AUSC, LIB. 11. CAP. 1. 25 

fyn (*p^rj*\ Kal BGTt tuvtu navta, o twice* vnoxti- 
ptrov yaq vt, *&i tv bjioxttfUna iarlv ^ <pvaig Aei. 
6, Kara iputfiy M, rai/rw rt xal ooct tovxoig vnaqx** 
■aS 4 ' avm t olop t(Ti nuyi to q>i(pij&ai, civw tovxo 
y&q s (ptJtfi? fihf qvk wit?! ovo l/e#<pv<w <pvaei di, 
xal jffltT'i qtvQtv iarL 6. Ti fiiv ow ^ 9>wt? tor*!', 
**£j]rtfi, xal il to piWi, *«* x«T« <pioiv. 'fig #' e- 
ari* '■§ tyiate, nHQiwdm h.txvvvat ytXolov yavtQOV 

■/<£*.* Utt TOlCtVllX ltt)i' QVTtiiV lotl 710 lid. TO OS OUXVV- 

vat t« qpKKE^a 6ia twf Ay-umv, ov dvvapivov xqlvuv 
fazl to Si ul rim til pit St ttirtb yMQipov. "Ort Si iv- 
dix^ai tovto niaxttv, ovx aSyXov ovXXoyioano 
yag uv jig tx ysvEtffg wv tvq>Xbg, negl /pttjUttTw* • 
u^e ivayxii tolg TotovTotg mgl twv orofiAtav that 
tIv Xayov, p )$& Si votlv. 7. doxu Si i[ <pv<ng xal 
% ohitrjt twv ywn ojttojv frlotg thai to Ttoiaxov ivv- 
naqxuv k*£vxw aQtjv&itttnov xa& kavxb, olov xXLvqg 
tp&atg to &lov, AvSgiavtog S* o xaXxog. Sfjftuov Si 
ytjtitv iiiTiqpoivj ort tY Tit xatogvltu xXivyv, xal A«- 
ftoi Svvaptv ij 0i}n£5wv f (few Avtlvai fiXaotbv, ovx 
aV ytvta&at xXhqv t vtXXa SvXov &g rb fdv xaxa 
u vp fa ft qxbg I Tti^o v t t r t v x axa vifiov Sta&wiv, x«» 
Ti}v Tixvqv> z n v & ovaiftv oiaav ixtlvrjv, ^ xal Sia- 
pivft Tot via 7i tttixovavt m^«/a»S'. 8. El dk xal tov- 
tWK txaa zo y ngbq 'hfQOP ti ravtb tovto ninov&w 
(olov o ptivxaXxbg xal a ^^iwo? ^o^t;^ai^,Ta 6* oma 
xal SvXa 7t$b$ ynv t bpoitaq Si xal twv aXXiav bttovv) 
ixtha rtp <pvoiv tlvm xal t^v ovaiav aitw. 9.^/to- 
TTffl o[ fiiv j'ijy, ol 3s tivo, ol 5' aiga q>aolv,^ o* o« 
Sjb^j oi di &tu tqvzuv, oi Si navxa tavra T»;y 9>v- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



26 AR1S.T0TBLIS 

oiv tlvw t\\v tm, oVrwv. "0 yaq tig aimv vndXafit 
toiQVTov, ii'jt tr> si'jf nXttH, tovio xal toauvta 9*- . 
aly Civw, t%\v omaoav ovoiav * %a di aXXa n&vta, W-. 
&r} tout&v, xal ting, xal ditt&boug. 10. Kal rovn. 
ttav piv buovv ijvm ai'Sior • oi yaq tlvm pttafipXip.. * 
uviois i$ eavJW. Ta 8* ofU« yiyvea&a* M$tl t <p&4i&~ 
Qto&ai anttoaxigi "Eva pi* ow toonov* y yiaig oS- 
to) Xdynah t),nQ<b*n ixaazy vnoxuaivn vXq iw iforr* 
t(av iv kotvidl? xwqamg &qxh y *#* pttafioXyg. "AXXo* , 
de tqoMov, y }*QQ<pit xal to tl&og to xata tbv Xoyov*.- 
1 1. "Jlgnty ykq ieX*1i Xiyttai , ti *u*ity %i%vrp , xaf„ 
to isfvixov * ovtw xctl yvotg to xofia <jpv<w Xeyuw* 
xal.TQ (fvomov* Ovj.t di ixuvi np$ <paifitv. av txuv 
xata rsxj'.yy, ovdtv, «i dvva^u- uovor iatl xXiry, /ii£r. . 
7ra> di txu to eldoff T^p xXwys, ov$' cfra* *4<W&. 
oi/T^ tv Toiff (pvofii ovviojajiiyoig. To yay $Hvay$ , 
ooqs ij ooz.Qvy, qvi bXU nsa tyv kavtov (f>vuiy, Wpfi . 
av Xa($oi to tldQg to xo&aibv Xbyov/o bqi£bpwot> Mi* 
yoptr vi fail G&Qfo 1} oatovv o5w t qpvaei fori?*: 
\%. v Jl$u aXXov tqonov i) q/voig av lit) xuv ixvvtvv; 
iv iavtoig xiyi}<ji(og iqxk v ^ poQVfh, *<** ™ ttdog, ov, 
XWfWToy ov, aX£ jqxaia tbv Xoyov. To S* ix tov*. 
ttav, opvatg f/iiv ovx taxi, (pvoei di • olov b a^^eaTTOfi* 
Kail p&XXov (fvocg avx^ ting vXyg • Ixaatov yog totjl 
Xiyszah oiax ivxiXaxd^ y pilXw, y Stay dwaf+Sh 
13.^11. yiy vttai av&qwtos 4$ av$<ponov, &XX' oi 
xXivQ ix xXivug * Sib xai cpaaiv ov to <JXW a *iVcj|. 
Tip q>vaiv, aXXa to $vXov, oti yivoii Hv 9 u fi\a ji«t» 
vu, oi xXivq, iXXa ZvXov* 2& d* aoa tovto t^%i 
xcu 9 ftoQ<pr) <pvoi$- ylvSTCu yuo i$ ar&oobnov <U>~ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. 11. CAP. II. 27 

'^-i-jT'v 14* *JSn &* ^ q>tvig q Xtyofiivri ig yivtoig, 
t*5j>£ taav itgyvQw* Qti yixq igntq i) latqivatg Xi- 
ytTat t cvx tig tar^xt^' od&gj aX£ tig vyUiuv ' avayxt\ 
iiiv yaq a to iitiotxi ( ^ t ovx ftff ictTQUcyv thai, ty* i«- 

TfjbVGl?* OVX OVIUi 8* 7J ifVQtg B%U TTQOg T1)V €pVQW: 

alia to tpvofizvar , tx Ttyog tig tI lyxncti, {) yvticti. 
Ills t< avv (fvtTat; ot 1 /* [ft£ to] 4$ ov 9 &Xl! tig to o. 
15* '// i^« pf*$9kt tpvatg* C /Idi yt tioq(pr t xal ^ <pv- 
atg fttzw? Xiykiw xul yk$ ?/ oriqiiaig udog 7iwg fori*. 
Et ds iajtv j\ cjiq^atg xtd ttnvtlov t* ntql %i\v anXyv 
ywtutr, *J pi] itntv, voityuy imoxtmioK. 
C A P U T 11. 
3 '£n (I tit ditaqurtui, nwitywg r\ cpvoig Xdyttcu, (Atxa 

TOVIO Oli'iiftiTtoy , Tin <\'K^iW* O filOt&ttytaTUtOQ XOV 

ipvatxov ' x&l yito fitlmda xal OTtqta f#M t« ipvouta 
<jo>ut*T(f t x&l fiTjXTi, xal UTiyp&g, ntql vw ox on it o 
fia^-^fifixntoc. 2* ii" 5 *, ei ^ aaxqoXoyia ixiqa % 
pdqog r^g (pvaix-jj? ■ ei ^ce£ toS yvotxov to W forty 
ij 1 1 o £ /; tsfXt t yf) ildiy u i , twv $i ovuftefirpt or toy hut 
a via iiiibiy, aianov * aXXmg is xal. or* qwivovxat, Xi- 
yovxig in nt ul <pvm tag, xal ntql oxyuaxog atX^vr t g 
xal JiXtov x«i djixulTTvTtjiQy o<paiqotidi]s ij/ijxa* o 
xdo/«o?j ^3 ol'- 3. Htf)l rovttay uiv ovv nQaypaT&v- 
fToi xol b ftti&tjutjfftxoj, uXX ovx ji gwoiHoi OMumog 
niqaq txatiTov ovSi tw avftptftrixoia &t(OQti, f f tqi- 
ovTotg ova*. uVfApi^r t xi. Jib xal ^w^'£«t • x**?"*™ 
yuq tjj yojjat*, xtyijtfziiig taxi. Kal ovdiv diaytyfi, 
ovdi ylvETtxt y/Evdog x^^vTtav. 4. AavSavovoi ds 
rovio TtQiovyjzg xal o% tag i&iag Xiyovxtg. Ta yaq 
ipvytx ft xwylfavair t ifTToy orra #o)0«ot« tu>v (tot&ri- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



28 AKIST0TEL1S 

uauxmv. Vtyvoito fl' avtovto dnXov, tl tig kxcnfy&r 
nuQtoio Hyuv tovg oqovg, xal avtwv xal tmp <n>p-* 
fePijxoTwv • to fiir yaq nsqittbv ioTtti xal to aqtwy, 
xal to tif&v xal to xapnvXov. "En Si xal agi&pog, . 
xotl yqappi), xal ojftyta avtv xivtjosw aa^S di xal 
ootovv xal av&qwnog, ovxiw aXXa ravrtx ugjuq* 
qlg otpt), aXX 7 ovx w? to xapixiXov Xcyerai. 5. di\- * 
Xot Si xal tit (pvoixwuQa run* pa&fiftatuv, olov omt- 
xij, xal aqftovixij, xal aatqoXoyia* avanaXtv yaq 
tqonov twit txovaif Tjf yewpstqla. 'jJJLa ig piv y««- * 
petqia ntql yqafifitig yvatxyg axonti' all* ovx # 
(pvoixrf y S* ontixij, (jutd'fjfiariXfiv ftiv yqafip^p, 
aXX* ovx jj fia&fifiatixfj, aXX° ij (pvoixy. 6. 'EnuSif 
Si tj cpvoig dty&St to,ts slSog xal y vXij, &g or u ntqi T 
uifiOtrjTog %i iaxl axonoXfi^v, oiItw &mqr)Ttov. "jflgt- 
ovx avtv vXr t g ta toiavta, ovxs xaxa tijv vXyv. Xal 
yaq Si) xal nsol tovtov &£*>( anoq^otuv av ttg% ifttl 
Svo a\ <pi<mg, ntql noxiqag tov (pvqtxov, 7} jreol roi 
i* ccuyoiv • &XX' u mql rov 4$ ufKpotv, xal mol kxut~ 
tiqag. 7. nottqov ovv tyg airing, ij aXXyg , lx«Tt- 
qav yvaqi&iv? tig pb yaq tovg aqxaiovg anofiXi- * 
yavri So$euv av that tr\g vlrjg • inl fnxqov yaq *# • 
fi&qog 'EfiTTtdoxXrjg xal dtjfioxqitog tov tidovg xai 
tov %i r\v elvai ijifjavto. Ei Si f} tixvy pif*&**i Tijp 
<pv<nv, trig Si avtqg imottjurig tiSivai to tlSogxal' * 
%i\v vXtjv ii&XQi T0V ' (olop iajqov vyiuar, xal xoXqr, 
xal (pXdyfia, iv otg fj iyUia* opoiag di xal oixodipov, ' 
TOyjf tldog trig olxiag, xal rt}p vXfjv y on itXiv&ot, xttl 
ZvXa * woavjcag 'di xal inl rSiv aXX&v} xal xrjg <pwt~ 
xyg av efij to yv<aqi£uv afiatoxiqag tag (fvoeig. 'jEti 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB 11. CAP. HI. 20 

ro ov £**%{*> xiti 10 liXos, tt}g avxr)$, xal baa tovtmp 
ntxu. 8. *// di qvotg to xiXog, xal ov tptxa. SLp 
?aq tivvtXQvg t^g xtvyumg ovorig , lor* ThXogti ry$ 
tipyotiag, Tavto auxutov xal to ov tptxa* dib xal o 
iom^t^j ysloiitig Trq^y^B^ tin sir, 

"l&u Tslturiiv, i;g neo obptx iyivtTO' 
fovlttai yitq ov nay uvat to soxcitov, xiXog y aXXa to 
UXtiotoy. 9- *£*& fii itQiovgw ai ti%vM rrjv itXrjv, 
t& fdv « taw*% hi Si kiioyiv • xal XQtaps&a ag tjuwv 
tvtxa ttuviwv vnayxorTtow (iauiv yaq ntag xal yung 
tilog* 3yfca» yao to ov mxa a £iQt}tai di iPTolgm- 
[uyiloifQQ/ittg') 10, Svo dij ai aqxovocu trig vXr\g 
■<*t.'i yvitipiZ&VQai Tix vii h %** XQ^^'% *«» *%$ »p«fTl- 
*qg fj £^iT«»TiiriK)j. Jib xal ij XQMpwyy «o#«T6XTO- 
ri*^ 7i ws * diutpt'oti dt f jj ^ /i«y tov tt'dov? ^yw^Mrn- 
m^ ?j c#^»exro^j(Tj * jj 3i t wg noiriuxt} trig vXyg. O 
uiv yao xvftt$rt)ii}g noiov Ti to tldog Tpv TtqdaXiov 
yywqi'iu xal intzuTw h <f , ix noiov IvXov xal nol- 
oty xtyijtitun EtfTixi. 'l£v iiiv ovv xoig xata TixPip > 13- 
p&g it QiQvptv 71}* vXr t v jov toyov ipsxa * it Si roig 
(pvatnotg vira^ft ovaa. 11. £n f tmp nqog tl ^ v- 
iig ■ UlX<a yu$ tl'&u uilri vXv. M*XQi dy noaov top 
ifvoixhr &ti tldivat to fitJoff xal to ti ioTiv; q wgntq 
top ia7QQy ytv#oy\ »j ^aXx4tt jfaZxo?, 1*4??* *OV ; Ti- 
re £ j'oto fWxa j'xrjioroF - *a* two* xavxa a ion x^Q 1 " 
tfio /tir iii3f t, h vXj} Si - Sv&opJTiog yao Sp&qmiiop 
\twt't. xal %lws. IIws i)c f^£i to ^oiaroy 9 xal t< 
/(Fi*, tfutttwffiftj: jyg ^p&Sjijs diooioai toy op. 
CAPUT III. 
rfiWQWttbyoir $£ 7ovmy f imgxmtiop ntql t&p a*- 






Digitized by VjOOQlC 



30 ARISTOTELIS 

rtwy, nolo, xt xal noaa tov aQt&fiov ioxw. 3 £nujaq 
tov ttSivat xocqw ta <pvaixa r\ nQayfiaxtia, ttd&m 
tfi ov nooxtgov olofit&a ixaotov , nqlv ar lafktf&v 
to dice ti Iraqi factor ov (rovro o" iotl to lafl&ifilftp 
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xal ntql ytvio€<ag xal tp&ooag, xal ntol' niwtf *§$ 
xpvoixrjg (israftoXris • onmg tldottg aix&v tag ttggdbg, 
•itvaynv tig avxag 7ctt(H6pe&a xStv f^roi/^wVefyftw- 
vtov z 2. "Eva .pbr ovv tqbitov alttov l£yfxat,m 
4$ ov yivtxai xi hvnagzovtog, o\ov o xaXxbg xov)3fr* 
douivxog , xal 6 agyvoog xtjg yiAlyg , xal tit xpitm 
yivn\ • alloy Si, to tlSog xal to naoa&uyfm Jtifom 
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vrj * oloy tov 8w naaav toe Svo ixqbg IV, »al*SWf4 
agi&ftbg, xal tit [tity ta'iv tip Xoyta. & tyfrtj*§« 
&tv tl aoxhA? finafiol^g ^vtgnttjj ytfe 449$?" 
tiemg, blov o povlevaag al'nog, xal b rcat^ «^Hf* 
xvov, xa* 8ft«s to Kotow toD 7totovfdvov, xaV'&PfBl* 
ta/JaXlov tov fjittdddllofiivov. "Eti, hrg'tb Htfft* 
tovxo d' iaxl to ov fVcxa* olov tot) rerfrfttftfjir^ 
vyhta* diaxi yaqntQiitaxil; (paper, tv*a*ifl 
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tilovg, oloV tii)g' vynlag fj io^vavota, % */ *& 
ij ti tyaQfiaka, fj to Sgydva • jtavta yao td# 
t&ov? fwxa'&ro' foaqtion di ctlirjiwv, &g oV 
/i«y fo/«, tit'dlSgyava. 4. TTk fi^f ovV : «$ti 
$6* Tooctirt#Xtag U/ttau Svp/SafonWrii 
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tin 

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PHYSIC, AUSC. LIB, H. CAP. HI. 31 

Ti avdfiturTttiTotijimii, xal b #etlxo£, ov *u& tttoiv 
Tt, all* ji nySotag- all* ov toy avion TQOttov, allot 
xo ph' biz vk<r} f ib tf ' wg o&ty q xtyqaig. *jE6ti fle T4- 
>'i xofi alta/ia)*- ai'na, olo? to tiovhv aYnov ti\g tit- 
£/«?, *a£ «£r*j tov Jioj'trv, ffJU* ov tbv aiibv tqinov* 
allot to fit v wg tilog, to $b <*k aoj^ xwijtr*^. 'ifri 
&i f to tf^ro iwv .iypyziwv €tfT^ ttfrto?, "OyitQ naqbp 
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ivavilov ■ olov ri}v aizovalav tov xvft60i'rJT6v ! , Ti}$ 

TOV JlAoiW W^ffTpOtt J^ , OV l}v fj \OfJOVtflOt aitia Tl}$ 

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rtt fiiotj -lav olav, xal tti vxo&toctg tov ovpiteQaoftot- 
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vjroxwfjLtvov, oiov ti* fidoy " t# #£ wg to T/ i)v cfottt, 

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32 AK1ST0TEL1S 

&(tbg, xal ad ta ntQuxovja nobg ta xa& txaotot. 
7. **Eti J*, «? to oupPsfirjxbg, xal tit toviwv yip% • 
olor ardoiarro? oXAc*? IloXvxXutog t xal aXXwg at- 
doKxrtoTioibq, or* avfi fie/St}** xw ardoiawtoJiotq) tb 
TloXvxXthia tlyeu. Kal ta ntouxovxa di tb ovpftt- 
faxbg, oior u b ay&Q&nog aXtiog d'y tov av&oiat- 
tog, ri oXwg to S&ov. *jEifT* Si xal tttv ovftflefitixb- 
TQtv aXXa aXXtay noyfyajtoov xal tyyvtioor, olov ri b 
Xtvtcbg, xal b (lovwxbg attiog Xiyoito tov avdonxv- 
tog, 8. Ilaoa nana di xal ta oixtfag Xeyofuvx, 
xal ta xaza ovp(}t(}tixbg , ta pi* ig dvrapeva X$y$- 
tat, ta di ig ir$ayovrta • olov tov olno&opuv&mi 
oixiav b oixodo/iog, y b olxodouip olxodopog. 9.*0- 
uoiag di l$x&tj<Kita xal top »r aft$a ta afrta totg 
eiofifiirotg • oloptovdltov apdoiavtog, ij tip do utvvog, 
rj xal bXtag ux&vog, xal %alxov tov&s, rj z<*X*ov, ^ 
bX<ag vXqg* xal inl tip ovpftiftrjxojap iaavtwg, 
10. JSti di ovpnX&tcp&a xal t a via xal ixtiva Ae/^J- 
attah olox ov IIolvuXuTog, ovdi avdotctyjonwbg, 
aXXa IloXvxXujog ardqiaptonwbg. *JX£ bfjwg anmp- 
Ta tawta fort, «• »i* nlfy&mg ffc, Xtyipipa di difig. 
"tf yaq ig to xa& txamov, y ig to yipog • $ ig-tb 
xati avfAfliflfixbg, ^ ig to yipog tov <jvpP*/$7}x6tog' 
ij ig avpnXexopiya tavta, y ig anXig Xtyoft***' 
nana di j? hioyovrta, jfumw dipapip. 11. dm- 
o)iqu di tooovtop, ot« tit pi* fytoyovrta, xal ta nm& 
Sxaatop, Spa for* xa* ova Ion, x«i w? attut • afor 
od« o latqsvup ttfdt ti* vytmioftirH, xal idt b ot*4+ 
dofmv t$d$ Ty QtxodopovnivM. ri di xari ^vrC- 
^ik, ovx ««/• o)&^9tmyao ov/ «^« 4 o*"'* «** 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. II. CAP. IV. 33 

oixoSopas* 1 2 A& hi isl to ai'tior Ix&oxov to 
KxtitjinTov t^titr, u*£7itQ x«* £»i ray ouUw oloy 
Dcr^w^df oixotiuutl, ojt otsooopo?* id 9 ohtedo- 

MOg t Xittv lijV ftlttodQiilXtpr. T&VTO TfHVVV TtQ&JSfGV 

to air w t ttal ovsitig inl nivtwv. *'£zt, tit ftiv fwr t 
rotv yrrwr, iU iV x«tf * inuatu Jtov %a& Fxaoroe* olov 
Mrdauxpronoio^ i/M- J*3oMW>TOf, ©fl} dfi tovdi* Xtti 
T«ff /icy Ai/rap*^ twj- fliTaiwy, T« 5t eycoyowT* tt£0£ 
t« ivtqyovfiwa. 13. "Oya /tiy ©w r« al'vux, x«* oy 
tootto* crfrux, botw jy^itv St&Qurpim UtvrSg* 
CAPUT IV. 
jiiyirai tfi xat lj rr/jfij ««' to ayro/taTO? w «*- 
ilur «al nroJLJiOi *a» £tV<u x«l yivw&ai &m tvxqv* 
xut 3ia to h v inutility. Tiva ovv TQOJiov h tovtotg 
iarl jotg alttot^ ?j JiX'h x <** *o aviouatov • xa* 7io- 

TEOOl' TO CEVlO ^ Tt'jf'j, *M* TO ClVTOpaTOV, ij £«0O*, 
*r<t OAW£ II tCTTiy T; IVjfJg, X«2 TO CtVtQpClTOV, i*I0X<- 

TTTtor. 2- "Evict yu$ xvtl ti iatlv y urj, anopevaw 
ovdir yctg yivwdm etnb iv;pj£ qpflMW, aAA« navm*' 
flvat t* ai'iio? it'^ojij ytVo* , 00a Xiyopsr mi t«vio/m*- 
zov ytyna&ai, 1) ritf^ff ■ olW xoi iX&tiv ipib xif^nq 
*h « J i»' &yo$**r, xat xui&lttPuv, ov 4ftovi#to ptv, ovx 
*;V» r-> 3i, a trior to ^.uJUo^om ik&ivtu uyooavur 
opolwq &e xal intTdiv tultw T«y mho HJ#3JS Xtyofii- 
vwv, ikti ti ejWi Xttfitlv to alitor, £x£ oi rvxqp* 
3_ Tftifl 1*' 74 Ti f^v ti ivx?l> «tojw & yavilri u>g 

alf}&W£ * XCtl nnofj^rntiy QLV tl$ r ^*« W 3TOCC OV^«*^ 

wf abattoir uoym tk air My *« oi y*vio$ t»Q xai flp^»- 
^5^ lE^wr, TTt^t Tt'/^? ftv^i*' JM)S^iO€y* «Ui* w$ 2o*- 
x£f» ov&h i^orro otJ 1 fViTwt «iy#fi alto tv/i^. ^<i.i« 
Ahist. Puts. A csc, C tized by Google 



34 > AR1STOIEL1S 

xal xovxo &avpaoiov. 4- JloXkit yitg xal yiypsta* 
xal toxiv amb xv/qg xal anb xavxopaxov a ov* a- 
yvoQVVTtq, oxi %aitv intviyxuv I'xaoxov ini xt alxior 
wv yipoubw, xa&aneQ h naXatbg Xoyog ilntv, f 
avttiQMV ti)v tvxw ofuog xovxmp xa uiv elval <pao* 
navies asa t*jw, vp 6* ovx anb xvzw* &• ^to 
xat uptagyenng %v Tiotrjxiov avxotg fivtlav. *Alla 
pijp ovd* ixfirtor yi xt Sopxo clvcti *fjp tv/r/y ; olo* 
yiliav, £j vuxoq, i] uvq, % poiv, y SkXo yi xt to* 
toiovtw. "Axotio? ovv etxs pij vneXappavov tlvat, 
tlrs oiopsvot naqiXavtov, t&iixdvx ivioxs /f/ttw 
bigTity EpntboxXrig , ov* as* tw «^a aitoxqiveo&ai 
nvmiua q>qalp , aili* oWs «V w/jy. «^f*y«* /otV 6» 
T/j xoaponouq * 

C JZ$ ot/Toi mivduvQG* &cW titt, noXXdxt 6* alkwg. 
xal tit pbqta xmp Cew? «*o xv/^ yxvia&ai tit ti%&- 
a%a q>t)(jb. 6. JSta* &i xtpeg at xal xov ovgavoif xov- 
dt, xal xmv xoafuxmv napxtov mxt&vtai xi avxb pa- 
xov • awa xauxepayov yitq yiypta&ai <paai xqp dirrjv 
xal xqp xipyatp , xyv d*a xf/twrar xal xaxaax^caoav 
tigxavxyp xt)r xi$tv xb n&p. 7. Kal pala xovxo 
ye avxb &avpd<iai a&op , Xiyopxag, tie ph Jfia xal 
xit qruxit anb xttfijs pyr* thai pyx* ffyviad-ai, &l£ 

qXOl (fXHHV* ij PQVP % XI XOWVXVP SltQOP tipat to «?- 

Twv (oi yitf S, xt fkvjter, ix xov onigpaxeg btaxrtov 
yiyrtxa*, .iU' ix pip xov rvuntdl ikafa, ix (fi x<& *#— 
pv&l av&ymnog) xbp $e ovpxvbv xai xit &$tpxiga x&v 
ipavtQWi anb fov, avxvpaxov ytvfo&ai* xoutvxx,* di 
aixiaw ptfaiiap that, etap xmv %£&? xal t&P <p\n&». 
6* Kaktw, ys u «»t a>$ %xh, tovro ye avxb afiop £*t*~ 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. 11. CAP. V. 35 
ot&omq xai xaX&g fytt Ux^nvai xt ntql avxov 
%ov%ov nobg Y&Q *$ xai aXXtag crtonor thai xb Xt- 
yoptpov, It* axonirxtqor xb Xiyuv xavxa, bo&vxag 
& air wJ> ovqavm ovdsv inb xaixopaxov yiyyopeyor, 
4v Si xolq oix inxb xvxyg itoXXa ovufiaiyovxa anb 
tviWS* Kaixoi thtog ye ^r xovvavxiof ytra<J&cu. 9. El- 
al b* xwzg, olg doxei dvai aip eatta r, xvzy, SdyXog 
Si ap&Qwxipfi dtavola , Ag &el6r xt ovoa xai Saiuo- 
twixtoov. "Jlgxt axenxxor, xaixikxaxtoop, xai u xtxv- 
xbv % xxboop, xo,xe avxoaaxoP xai tj xvxri, xai nag 
tig la St&QWtiiva atxta iftniTttovoi. 

^CAPUT V. * 

JMdwxop (ib ovr, ineldxi bgiopt* tic fth atl moav~ 
stag ytvouxra, tit Si a\g inl xb noXv, q>avegbv Sxi ov- 
dexipov tovtvnt ahlm ij ivx*! Xiytxat, oids tb anb 
TV&ie* °* M w> # afiyxyg xalael, ovx$ xov ig inl 
tb noXv. *XX£ int+dij iet i Viva, a ylypxxai xai naoa 
xavta, xai ndyxtg xavxa tpaow that, inb tv^^,^«- 
vtabp ovt toxl xt 4 xvxqual xb avxauaxop* xdxe yay 
xotavxa anb ivxr\g, xai xa anb tvxw xoiavxa ovxa 
faatr. ■ 2. T&r AJ yiPOftimf* ti p& fspexaxov yiypt- 
xat,xad* ov* xovxmp Si xa &£v xaxa nooatgeotp, 
xa S* oi xaxa ngoaiotoip, auam d* ir tolg ivexa xov 
eigxe Zrfiov, ox* xai iv xmg naga xb apayxaXov xai 
to ig inl xb nokv, sortp %pia, ntgl c* M4x*xm vnag- 
X*w to JV«ca *av wrrt di tvixa xov, 3*a ttihtb ^mx- 
volag ay nqa^tl^ital baa anb ^Uaew?. 3. Ta ttq 
xotMvta bxuv ttaxa ovfupt^xbg yiyr\xa% f aftb xvxng 
*)*fu» tltai * iigxtQ ya$ xa* %v tot* xb ph *a%? ofv- 
wCt to di xata wpfhfiiitbg, ovxm xai afxior irdfycrtti 

D^itized by GoOgle 



30 ARISTOTEL1S 

ejvca * olov oixlmg, h<*& avto piy mi'uov to oikdoW 
ptxbv, xmtii ot/ju/Ssjffqsoe M to Xiumov 9 to fiovautor. 
To ftiv ovv xa#' vvio cuti&y, ttfioptyop* to 8i x&~ 
T« <JVfifitfir}*Q$, aooftOTO** amtoa fif aMf ^» 
ovpfiaii). Ka&iiuq oiv ttsK&r) , ora? tV ?oZ? frextt 
toi/ yiyyofUvQiq xovto ywipui y tot« kiymu wrotm& 
tofiatov xul «*a t«£19€* 4* XfSTq* fl« ?i^o$ ftJUiji* 
Ttji> faayoqav tovwr votcoov d$ookr9$or. Mr Ik 
Tovto 2om> (pavsfov, ou £pq> M & idfc hmum too 
iarip * olov tvtxa tov unolafiut to iq/Vf***, *)l&& 
av xofiujopevog to* searo*, n jjidu. HX&t de oi 
toviov tVtxa, aJUUxot/ff/fy 4l#£r, *ai Trot^oa* tov- 
to, too xofiio4HJ&€u> t¥tna m topto 8i oitt in* to 
tiqAv <J>oiT(S*y de to £t>o/o?, <Wf* ^^w/x^ ^Eori & 
?o ?&o? ^ MOfudi), ov -my b at)i$ at»W> aAA« w 
7r^e(wo«w»v *<u «7io faar+imf' **» Xfytrai y* voce 
u^o rv/9}^ il&tXr. £* dt njoskip&os, xcd tovtoo 
*V«*a, ij a4 {pqitoVj . tj iff &««o ^roitf KoptCoptvofe 
ovx awe TV%7t$. 6. JfqAo* of* on q ivx*; maim *o> 
xit ovpfofiiixbs 4t» tok (in Si«TTwl xurm nfoa ifw 
owy tov crc** tov oVi *«#• to «?uto oWvou* xa* tat* 
^f 1 ? * 4 /if 7rfo«{0«04$ oox iVcv dutvoias. & l4oo** 
ona /uey ovv t* «^t*« &riy»Q ttvou, a? war ^wo** 
to to arco TVJM$. '"0&*r dontl y c*;w tov efco^/oroo 
tfom, xai «£qAo$ av&fdnif v «a* eow «* otiotV «no 
tij^^s £&•*? oV yiyria&e*. Havrtt yif t«cvt« o^«r 
Ms tiynai % on $vl6y**s. "Eat* phr* ymq mg fhnsm 
«tw) tvXW ***** ovpfkftyxot -yaf ytmwm* 7. AjA 
feOTfy afwoj' «ff ovpP*fa*of> q;imxi : * »&&* cmhjm 
pv5fri«. Oiof oimi «ff, oricod6]tfo^ ^r oJt»o^ *««i 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. II. CAL\ VI. 37 

0tt^fc/£jj*O£ 6i avit}TT}g • xal tow il&oviu xofiioa- 
o£«t t« aqyvQtov, pif- xovzov tvtxa &&6vTv t anuqo. 
to vitjp&o? * xal ytro t6<7y raw ftovlifttrog, #al 6iw- 
x&r, x&l&taeifitPOQtXoiiipevytov. 8i Aa* to qxxrcti 
uvoti Tt vaqaioyov %rpr iv%j\v , oodw? • o ya Ao/o? if 
w* ae* orr«#r, 1} %**v •>$ &r* to ttoAv * ^ fl« tv/^ ^v 
x&sy*yvofi&*QiQ naqa tccvtu. "llgre, inndri aoqurta 
w ov%»g atttv, xal ^ Tt^fij aoourrov. "Opwg S 7 in 
ivitav anoqyatitv iv xtg, <*Q ow tit tvxipta atria av 
yiraixo ijj$ tvx*IS* oiW vyuiag, q nrtvpa, fj 9\lr t atg, 
al£ ov to am>xtx*$&cu • sot* yap alia tiklunr 4y- 
yvttqa Twy tearo <rv{ifiefit}xbg ctitimv. 9. T^XV 9e 
dya&n pip liytxtu, ozat ayw&ov t* anofiy • 9>«va*j 
67, oT^f y-Mvlov Ti* ^ru/cuo* xal dvvrvxioc , oxa* 
udyt&og l/aria invfot • (5<o x<*» TO 7tap« fuxqov, xa- 
aoriij apff#o* a «,!*!> ^t)'o(, fl dvatvxH*, V wivx&v 
ifnir. art &g vrnxyxov Xiyti tj oWvoux* to yaq naga 
tuMfbv, wtfUFp outfe* umxtur Aoxct. *!Bt*, afiifiaiov 
%i rrrttfiat, svkoyng* y yaQ tvxv Afiifiaiog* ovre 
ytiq B«i t av& tag ini to rtalv oIoVt* tlvai T»y awe 
vvjf ijs oi&a\ 1 0^ *iioi* /iiy ovv aftyw atria , xa- 
$axt\i ffpv)Ttti t *ffrd( ovpfrsjfrpri?, xal f) fVXVt *<*l™ 
artattujuv, (v roi$ fr5f^ojutro*« yiyvto&ai fiij [«e] 
&7tiwg, pq&t * w? ^Jii ro ?roJli • xa» tovtoj»> 00a aw 
yirotio *v to<£ tvsxtt tuv. 

CAPUT VI. 

dtttiftqti Sit on to ttv n'r aator 4nl irktiop 4<rtf to 

^ftf ^ao (ijio Ti'/r,v. (<to ravrojuaTov* tovto ^« ov 

nay i^ri tij^^c- '/f ^x*** ^i^f w/^ *«^ *o « w0 tv^? 

iffriv. ooo^s xu* to cvTv^ijoitft «i» v?r«o^«8, xal olwg 



38 ARISTQTEJ.IS 

noahg. 2. Jio xal avayxri ntol xa noatna t?rm> 
xi\v viz*!** ^SrjftHor di, cm doxn ijro* vaitbw tlvm • 
rjl tvdwpovit} [r) iitvxia], % iyyvq* ^ S ? $vtwp<h> 
via, noaUg t*$ * tvnyc&ia yito • wotf"' 000*? ^ 6*M« 
XStcu itfStSeu, ov&i to into xvx^g t* notqomt. 3. Kml 
diet xovxo ww afvx*v ovd-ir , ovxs &ijolov, ovtt 
naMov ov&er noui aitb xvxw> on oix t£et?npo«i~ 
otoiv* oO* evjvxia oi&i itv%la vnaoxn xovxo tg, & 
pi) xu& 3 bjioiortyia' olgntg ttpt) ltommoxog, «»w*< 
y t HQ thai xoitg ki&ovg, 4$ (ay oi (impel, on xt^mvTnt t 
oi di bpotvytg aixmv xaxaixaxov*t*u. To di naor/efj* 
ano iv/tjs, vnaoxunmg xal xovxotg, ore? b no ixtm m' 
xl neol aixa, ny££fl «jw xvx^g * euUU>? 6** ov* l<m.- 
4* To <W uvxofutxov xal toig aXXotg £•#©*£, xal noX^ 
Xoig t«v ayv^wv • otoy o S-'raroe frvroparfof, qyapk# 
rjX&tv, St* £ot*&f) air 4X&itr, oil xov oo$^f}vat £t fro*: 
xe* i}il#6. X«» o xoinovg aixopaxog uax&tBO*** 
taxy juiy yap tot; xa&qo&ai tvtxxv aX£ ov xov mm* 
&qo&at fotxtr xaxtottosv. 5. "J2$t« ijweoor or* & 
to*s awiU*? &*xa tov ytvoptivotg ,^ oTar /uij tov <jvjr* 
flapxog tvtxa yivqiai, ov 3$oj to •etTiov, rows an* 
tov aixopaxov Hyo(t$p* anb tv;^$ £s, tovt«* ©»# 

«7I0 TOV CtVTOfUXSOV yivtXUl T«* TTOOCti^fTW* TO** f* 

#ow* nootdoxotv* 6. 2i\p%iov bs to part}?, on M** 
ytxou, Star pin yivyxai xb ov ivtxa, aX£ o bteipo*' 
IVsxa. Olof to (ladlam, d kanfeewg IV«xo ior«r* 
ft 5« ju^ iyiv*xo fladloayn , pavr}v xpaptv (huMeou, 
xal ff padwig fiaxuia, £? tovto ov to /tMxvqf^ to «••.. 
qpvxo^ aUot; IVcxa, ot«v /t^ TtBortivy ixuvo ov hsnm 
*)v xal intyvxu. 3 J2nel «t r T*f Xovoaa&cu opalf) fMLxyrf. 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. II. CAP. VII. 39 

St* ovx giXmsv o JyJUo$, ytlolog ar tXy ov yaq rjr 
rovto huipov fxixa* 7* Ovtw dq to ctvTOftatov xo- 
xi to ovofia, ot«x «vto /h#t^x ybv\\*k* uatdntos 

y«0 ©V TOV Jr«T«|«* €X€X« o Xl&*t. *AX9 TOV ov?o- 

patov ao« nmtsJugtp o il/lta? , ot* tte'ao* «x «nro t*- 
rov, *«* tov rovTa!** JVttfcu 8. ifcfaiUora da &r» jw- 
o*{0£*€xox zi> 4tnb tifflg t* *&** <pvoti yiroperoig * 
or*x /cio ybnpaixi n*qa <pvoir, tots ovx «7ro ivfyg, 
aiXm fiaXXov ina TavTO/xinrov yiywbai (paps?* "j&ni 
di *a* roino rraoox* Tov fi«V y*f e£c* to cut*©*, *ov 
d* frtog* 9« *rt /utV ovx &r* to uvto fiatop, xctl rl 

4 v^r^> ftif ijt**, *«* Ti ditf^«oovoAy aju^iiox. n»x 

& TO<wn<tx %%$ ahiug i* to*? o#«x ^ «#?*> *?£ xtxij- 
&*•»?> ixciTtoox ovwx * i} yio twx <pv<m, i} twx a jto 
dtuvoittg, vXuop oW&rox* ilia tovtc»x tbnXf}$og 

flfOftfOTOX. 10. 'j&Itl 3' i(TT» TO «VTO/t*<XTOX INK* fj TV- 

jf^f owTia oik air q.xov$ yivotto etfriog, y <pvotg, ot«x> 
xcstoj ovp/fc/frpco? cttttop ti yivyiui tov nay tti-uap* 
ovdtx de xmta ovp/Se/frjxo? i<ni npiitfop twx xa#* 
«r«To* di?Aox oWovdr to x«Ta ovp/?e/3i}xo$ alrior 
ttforcoox tov na&* kmvto. ll."$ffTsoox aoa to «v- 
tojwerox xai q tv/ij xa* row x«i (pvosag * &gi$ u on - 
««4.«mx tov ovoaxov «3r*ox to avropaTox, arotyxr) 
flfoTt^ox xovx «?t*ox xa2 <pva*x tlxa* x«i wUaw 7ioiU 

A*!*, XO* TOt/d« TOV WXTOff- 

CAPUT VII. 

"Or* & lo**x ourwr, xa» ot* iail tooavta top aot- 
#^x otf«^aptx, o^ilox * ToowvTa yi^ to? apt&pbr, 
%+&# ti TttQitibqcp** ' V yof **9 T0 ii *<**** (tray$- 
t*» to £*a t/, tvxttxov h toZg omipyTOig, dlop £p roig 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



40 AMSTOTELfS 

fict&iipaoiv • ue bowjtbv ya,Q to* si' fries , *) vvftpi- 
jfov, rj allov turog araystai eoxator * 2. i) eig lb 
xivrjoav ngmtof olov, 6Sit ti 4nt*X&pr\<itxv s onfov*- 
Xyoaw * i} riwog tnxa ; iv &Q&*eir * rj b tolg ytm- 
pivots, q vXrj. "(H* fib ov* tit aXtia tavxa xal to~ 
oettrta, yareoov. 3. 'JSntl di atria* t&oyso*?, ntfi 
nagmv toy tpvoixov iidiva$ * xa* $1$ nioag avapur 
to b\a ti, uTtodonKi <pvotxwg, tyv $Ltfr, to tldos, ti* 
KivrjOctv , to ov frorg. ¥ EQZ*TfH di ta tqiaiig to fit * 
noXkomg* to pb yu$ ti ion, xctitb ov tvtxa, *r 
iotu To Si 6&tv rj nhtjaig mowtov, iw etdn tuvtir* 
tovtotg • at&owto? fib ymg av&ovnov ytfpip. 4. JC*&* 
okvtg iooj xwovpera xi*& * b*a Si pq, oix $m <pw*~ 
xyg • ov yio b knvtolg Bxorta nbtjmv, oi$* agx^r 
xwrjatng , %w&, nXX* axhi)xa orta * Sm tp%g mt 
noaynnt&w *i fib, n$fl axbrjtoy • fydi, m$l m** 1 
povfitpop fsb, a<f&txotov 6i' ij Si, ntol ta y&ttqta: 
5. u Jlgt% to Sect tixal dg ttjv Jilt)* ipayoni omodt* 
dotai, xal tig to ti ion, xal «$£ to nomov xtvfjo*** 3 
ntqb yevdiftwg yitf pakima tovtov tor to&nov t«? 
airing oxonovm, ti (utit ti yivttai, xal ti 7io«Tor 
inoirtotv, i} ti tna&t, xai ovutg atltb tyt£^$ • (6.$tt<~* 
tal di &qx°£ *% xwowomt qwoimmg, *§* q kt&ou ov ^im»* 
ouetj • ov yag %%h utrtjotvg ao&jv b totvtjr toto%rw$>* 
<5' early, eVri xivu py xivovptvot* mgntg to,ttna9^* 
Tt JU»? axivrjTo* , xotit to itttrtav 'itq^xov •) 7. xoc 
to ti im, xal % fioo<pri~ tilog yao , not ov «r«ea* 
wVrt i7r*i ^ qpvoi; (Vnea tov> x«« tavtify ttibai &&* 
Kat navttag aitototiov to dta ti, olov on At vovfox 
avdyxt] tods * to J* 6c tov^«, ^ anAwC) ^ «c M *• ' 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AU£C. LIB* IL CAP. VIII 41 

note* awti *i piiXsi too* &ne&ai, iignso in tww noo* 
%io€W to avprnoaapa' xal or* tofto iy»\ to ri qr 
tlvWt xal Siou ftiljiov ovxo»g t ovx imXwg, akla 
noig -tyv hx&mov ovtdm. 

CAPUT VIM. 
Atnriov dip, noattoy nip, oiot* y <pvoig xwv &«*« 
tov atuW • frtita mo> tow avayxoUoxy ww^ tsjfi* fr 
ife»$ ^pvoixols * jfc ^«p t«vj if*> T^f ahimp ctyecyovot, 
nikmeg, ot*> iwudij t o &§Q(tbr roiovSl myvxt, xal 
to ipvxf+v, xal ixarrov &/ to? tovovtwi'; t«$ «£ <£- 
vmptfis itnl ual yht&u, xal artyvxc* x«# ^wo ««? 
&Ub?y aixUcv ei'Ttmatv, ©00* afipmH x<*iow i&ow, 
opkv tip yiXlav xal to vuxog, o Si tov rovy. 2. *&#« 
5.* aaoocW, t£ xbiXvi* rijv qrvui* py ivtxa tov noulv, 
|Uf&' ifii (tilxiovy ai£ mgmo Su Xw?, ovx owe 
W way aibfiotft ak£ 4$ avayx^g • to yito avax&ey 
yxw&qyai Su, xal to ifrvx&& 9ht^ yspopswov xartX- 
&£»* to do av&mo^tat tovtov ytvofdvtv avpftahH 
Tbvimov. 'Qpokag Si xal *i' t» cttvoAAvtat © o$to? 
&* tjj «ta>, ov tovtov ivtxa vu, onwg anoXqrah il- 
Aft.toito avfifiiflifXtv. 'Iflgt* %i xwlvn ovtwnal %a 
tdffj ifuv iv tj} fvaei ; olov tov? eooVta? i$ avay- 
xq$ iv*xukai,iovg pi? ipnQOO&levg ©£&?, 4mtqSti~ 
©t*o Bfbg to IkaiQuv, taifg Si yopqUovg ifXatiig, xal 
XfqoifiQvg noog to Xuthntf ripr zQOipfjv intl ov tov- 
tov£v**cx yevio&cu, aXka ovpneodp. 'Ofioitag Si xal 
n$fi %&v akkwv ihqmv, iv ocotg Soxel vnaQXM ti 
hmta tov. "Otzov pir ovr nnwxa ovrifa, &gi**Q 
mp o# S*exd tov iybtto, xavx* fiiy iom&r), uno tov 
avzottijov ovoiavTtx innifitttte * b'oa Si pi} ovtwg, 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



42 AR1STOTELIS 

in* faro mil anoXXviai, tta&irxto 'EpnedonXrfg lsy» 
t« Povy&ri nal ivdqbn^vou. 3» °0 ph ow Aof o$y 
©* a^ Tiff wTiof tjactw , ot/xo? , ual xfxtg SlXog %otov~ 
tog iaxw. 'Advvarov di xavxatowov txxwtbv Tf©«* 
nov • tavxa ph yify *«« n&vt* ta q>vou, jq atl ov- 
tm yhvtxm, tj ig iixl to noXv* r*>r $' into ruxw *t*» 
xav autopaxov ovdiv ovte yky anb tvxqg, ovu 
anb avpntdputog 8oub% iW 7ioXXdxig tov £tifict*ofc 
al£ Slv inb nvva * ov&i nmvputa inb xvva, ttiX 
av x&fMvoi. EX ov* 1} Anb ovpntmpatog donu, y 
tvixu tov tlvcu, ti pit oliv ts tmn* thai, pyti met 
ovpntmpmxog, pfe* inb xttvxopdxov, ivmti tov a* 
sfoj. 3 JXX& pip tpiau iotl t» xotavxa ye ndvxtt, ug 
x$v avxol yctier ol xavxa Xiyovxtg. "Eott* ao» %b'^ 
tvEMct J9V iv ro%g o)iau ywopivoig xal ovatv. 4* *Ext^ 
iv avow ttXog tl fotl, xovxov tvtxm ngaxxtxcu, to 
naoxtqov, xal to i(f*l;*j9. Ovxovv <*g ngittxtiu, otU 
j« nitpvxt' xul mg niyvntp* aV pij ti ipnodi£y t 6V- 
t«o ngixxBxm sxaotov* Jlfittttcu $i «vexa .xoi/> «a)' 
ro^wxw a'f a xovxov tvtxa. Q\ov d oiuia tmv yv* 
<y« yivopivwv i\v t ovxtog iv iyivtxo, mg vvv vnb F*wJ 
tixvqg ' el Si tit yvou, pq povov fvati, alia um 
r *X*!i yiyvoito, moavxtog iv yivotto iy ro^t/xtr * I*** 
xa aga xtaxdyov &ax(go*. b/'OXng ti rf xix**1 *« 
^iey imiuu, i* y (pvatg *dvvax& intgyi(90&m f ta 
di ptp&tai. El bvv tit nata tixvn* IVax« tov T df «* 
AayoTi xal t« xow« <jpvaty * ojuomu? yi^ */ n tt^o^ aA*"- 
AqA« ^y to*^ xaxa tixri)*, nal iv xoig xcltcc qntotv, tm 
vattqu nffbg tit nooxt^a. 6* Maktata diyavcob* 

Digifeedby VjC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. II. CAP. VIII. 43 

oarnt, ovu fiovltvoausya, now* Aio anooovai ti- 
ps?, nortoev vtp, fj uvi «JUw ioyatoittai of %t aoax- 
ya$, not ol pvfutixtg, xal t* touuvtci. J£aT<x putobv 
I s ovttt nootorr* xal ir idlg qpvret? (puivttai ta ovp- 
adaoyta ytyyousya nobg to T&og, olov ta opvXla *Ve- 
ua Tiff tov xaqrmov 0xdni}$. "jlgt ti <pvati t$ nom, 
xal §y*xi tov if £*fooW ripf wenwy, x«t o mqaxvys 
to ccpxxriov, xal tit ?vt« t« ?vjU«, fVfxa wv xap- 
m»y* *«* tag QiGag ova ay», ilka xaita, ffexa tjj$ 
rpoqp ijj? * ataysfby on iatly rj aitia % Totavvq iv totg 
qyvoti ywouiyoig xal ovo#. 7* Xa* intl fj tpietg dn- 
tif, quhrmg vlff, % b* mg uooa^if,tilog Si avtff, tov 
tikovg Si *Vt*<x tit allot, avtij ar tl'ij tj ah la q ov 
fytxa. &. 'Apaotia Si yiyysta* xal iytotg not a tax* 
*if* • tyoaft yao ovx le&wg 6 yooufnattxbg, xal 
ircotuyty ovx &Q&wg o iatobg to qtuouaxoy * tagx* fltj- 
la* oti ivdixtiai nail iv tolg xata yvviv. El drj 
taw tr$a xatit tixv^v, iy olg to 6o&*$g %ytxa tov • 
4* 6e tolg aaaqtayouiyoig, tvtntt uiy twog 4tuxhoh- 
tai, all* anotvyxayttof buohag ay fro* xal iytolg 
amatxolg' xal ta tioata auaotqpata ixtiyov tov 
Store* tov. Kal iy tolg l£ afXIS «£« ovmaetoi ta 
ftovytyff, d uii nqog tiya oooy xal t&og dvyata %v 
4k&ety t diaqudsigopiyrig ay ttggijf? ttybg iyiytto, mg-> 
n*0 yvy tov oniquatog. 9/'Ett, ardtyxrj onioua yt- 
yiaQa* neanoy, alia (iy ty&vg ta Caw. nal to oi)%o- 
atvif H nabtsQoy amfaa v\y. *E%i xa* iy tolg a>v- 
fig two?* to bend tov, tjtioy Si fafjp&otorat 4 no~ 
t$aoy ovy nal iy to%g <pvto%g iyiytto, ngney fiovyivr} 
xal aydQOTiDwya, ov'ttag apntloysyii nal ilaionom^ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



44 AK1ST0TEL1S 

Ver> i m» eiionov yao* milt* p^v tdti ye, efrff *«i 
iv xa\$ friotg, {O.^Jixi, Sdu wal tV talg aniouaai* 
yivtQ&ui anttg %tvx** ' aka*g M avatfti o ovtw l&yw* 
t« qrvau t* nal qtvot* • qpmre* yaa, oVa «»o tip*? ^v 
fotnret? afjpjf tfVfwai? xufavutra , aqHMvuxmt «#v w , 

T&0£* «<jp'. 6*«OT1Jf &, OV T0 «VTO foltffTO*?, Ovti* TO 

tv/op' asl amnok dv+z9 airu), Sap p,i\ xi 4ftnodfo$* 
11. To te o& frfx<¥ , *«» o tovt*i> eraxa, faretio «# 
xat «?ro *tJjn?> (tiop layout* or* «»i *v£^$ qi£tr # 
£&*£, x«* lavadpevag -avtil&ty, ©to* mntq ihmm 
tqvtqv iliStwrt nqify • fiij tmrna to*iov d' 3Uhg, xal 
lovio nam aupfkfaxie • ?/ /if tv/t; twf xara oup- -. 
fofifinbg aizimv, *a&an*o xal ngiwgav ffftdp***^ 
alia aray.TOVta.au, rj ig ink to nalii ytyvqtai, av* 
xctxa avpfeftnxog, ovde ano ivxijg • h d» to*£ yvo*« . 
xoig ad ovtit^, arurj Tiipno&foj]. 12* 'Axqtxov di na$ 
to ay Ql'eo&a* tpeui %ov ylvta&m^ Sir fiy ¥6W» w ' 
xwovv fiouXfvaauwow, Kaktoh xal tf Tftfyi? ov flov- 
Itvtta*' xal yao d 4vqw h t£ lily ij vavnyytxrir 
ofioivg a¥ ?jj ywu Hfoiu* "dirt* u to tjJ fixvjl ***- 
ow xhtv*** tow, *o# & tJ5 qpwft ftart*. Malurta 
ds d*ilw, Star »fe Unatvn aitig kavtov • tovim 
/a^ toiii^ 1} <pt>atf • Ot/ /u*y ovv aitta i) q>voig, uat 
ovivg ig ivexa tav y (pavsqov. 

CAPUT IX. 

fj xal anX&g * ttiv pi* yao oJW t«* to ^ «>o/x^$ cl- 
va* 4r tJ y**4**h rngmq av el t*g tav TOi/ey ^e^^ig-* 
^ca ^ irayxtig vomKq*, ot* t« /»iy /9aoea xcerar we- . 
f>vj» ^ot^ixiv t« de #ot/y« M«?voJl^ * 9to, ol XI* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. II. CAP. IX. 45 

(tut flh xt'iTut. Htxl lit tit [nil a ' t, di yiq SlViA, 6lM %f\t 
XQVtpoirijtt ■ intwoX^ 5e pahatu tk $iXa* wovqpOftt- 
rot y&Q. 2« 'All* ftfit'tf , olx ttvti' p& tovtow yiyo- 
yty ou ftivtot $ta t&vt rt, Tt^if tag 6V vA^y, «AX 
trE*a tou xpi/jTrfir cettgi *«* vw£uv* € Qpoi»$ 6e Nefi 
fV rots fflloig nitaivi £v ooocs tg mmu* t»v lor^owr 
.K^fi/ per jwp dpayxaiftv tgorttoy Ttjv.yioiv, ov fee*«* 
ro* ^e Ji« t«i/Ta r wJU* iJJ «£ i'A-jj^j «ii* BveotA rov* 
<uov dta no Tt^laty jmogdt ; QTiwg ro&l nm fV«r« 
i«j/i)». Totiro pivToi to ou fjfx«, adwaTor /«?*'- 

vott F ft tt^ubv liritx*, kuJ; to tgyov a t r tov. 1& vno&i- 
umg ttvp to umpcwloi-, iSAA 3 ottf &>£ z&eg* A» y*o tJ 
vljg fi flPu/xuioi'. 7 T a tf 5 or IVma «V tw koyth 
3. iitrn J* zo ttMrt/Knioy, «V te tois pct&yfiotoi, x«i 

CV ToTi" X«I« <Jil r OiK ^i*O^£V<U£,TtK57T0F ttpflf TTttOafldlf-*' 

riots * intl yaa to ej?#u tooV fWii'» awi/Jiij *» td«- 
ywrov Jug o£#tf7f lira g tj?**J' " «Jl£ <MJ*> ei* tovto, 
htuvo " all it yt td-uto juij Amy, ot'0*s to ev/h; iarw. 
Ev di rdi* ywapii'aig ¥y&td toi', apaftaJUy, el to t«- 
ios fOTffj, flj Air*, xat to fii^TpDtf^^y corai rj iotiv ti 

Ot ftrif lii£7I£g *Xtt> p?i OVTO£ TOl 1 tiV}J7l€(> 010(1(110?, »/ 
tf^t/t; OL'K tat at* xtxl ivtixv&u, to Tf'Ao? X«# TO 01/ 
r>#x«t -^ ftojf^j ^«y k«* «i'r?^ oif rrjc 7r0aSfa>£, «1A« 
tov Ao/^ojuoir- ^eI (J*, Tor Ao^o^ov* nqa};tig yvy 
&vx flair* 4/1/lfft* *i fcf r«* orWo , rotvta iraynri 
ysvia&at, tj vn at^ttv t tj ttvat * 4} olmg rn^v vlqv av~ 
pify i'rnm TrjiJ ■ oiov Xi&ovz xttl nlivS-ovf, ti outlet* 
itv fit vi at 8 1 ft jftvjti iut* to rilog, all r\ mg vXqV 
ov *5 * fVifti dta Turret, "QXttig fiivrot fif] orrmr, ov* 

^^T^ Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



46 ARIST0TEL1S 

ffouu ovdi tj olnltt, ovdi o nqiw q per, n ph oili- 
&<h* b di, si py i aid^qog* ovdi yao Ixu al <*QX<*i* 
ti pi} to tqlymvov dvo oq&ciig. QaviQov dy, on to 
axmyxafov iv io%q <pvotxo7g , to wg vlrj Xcyopsvor, 
m*l 4*1 Xkpjpug al Tttvtfig. 5. Ktxl aptpa pir t$ 
if\HH*$ Xsutiat <u ttfolat • pallor di rj xtvbg IVtxa * 
aZnov yaq tovto ir\9 vlyg, Ak£ ov% ttvtfj toff t&ovg* 
xic* to tHog, to ov tttxm xul tf <*QXV * no T0V ®?*"* 
apov *a* tov loyov Sqntq A> totg xatct %exvt)r f 
ivu, n omUa toiordt, tide dti ytvio&at xal vtuxoxhp 
H avo\y*w ovwg *&}, tl i xtr&Qtonog todl, woi 
zvdi* tidexadl, xal tttdl. $."lawg dixa* iv t$ 
liytf iotl to artxyxcGor. 'Oqwctpivto yaq to fqyof 
toi xoktv, otfi&$aio*oig touxdl. Aittf d* ovx fottffj 
t* pi} t£u bdovxmg toiovgdi. Ovtot d* ov, ei py 
ot&WOt* . ''Eon ymq xeti h T« loyto tntt p6qm, At 
iilf} toi loyov. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. 111. CAP. 1. 4B 

LIBER III. 

CAPUT I. 

fioX^g, i] £e fiz^odog ijuly utgl (pvvtdg iuxt, del p% 
Imv&ivtty, il imt xdvijaig ■ avayx<*l*v yuq, ayyoov^ 
fiivr t g avTyq t a'/youo&ai xotl jijv <pvmy. dioquja- 
pivots $* ntqt xij- jji/f wc , nuqoniov xbv avtov &r«JU 
&uv TQQ-nov TTffi twc iq}z£jff u Joxei d* q xlvrjaig 
tlvtxi jiay vvtftxwf to H 1 itTiuQor ifMpecivsTcu noon- 
tov iv ioj <svvtxu * 5io xal totg hfi£of*&>ois to owe- 
%ig ovpflaiyu 7iQaexQr f <j&at uoiXaxtg tai Xoyto tw to$ 
^TffVn>i , mg %o tig umtoov dtcupstov ovvixh oV. 
2* llvoc &i jovial^, aytv tonov, xal ntvov, xa* \dttt\ 
^ortu, aJwaroy xivjytfw ft fat*. ^HfAojr OW, «$ Ow* 
if v&iniM, xal [ptttj to TidvTiav elvou noiva xal xa&6~ 
iou Tuvxa nttai, oxEXjiov TTQox^tftffVfiiyotg n*ol cfta- 
OTou to v raw* JVre^a ^ap ^ flr«^* twk to*/*)? \hm04a, 
i»)e JT*£t nUy xuuW ikfT*. 3- Now-top &&> na&amo 
U7iouii' t tttqI xwrttftQig. ' J law dfjvi, TO fiiv ivtsXi- 
Xtif* povov $ to fit fivvautt [xal 4vteXix*i<* *] *** *•* 

httklXtiii, to JW* tflJ* T< t TO 3* TOeoVfo, TO $ T«oV- 

J*^ *ai inl riav uXXmv iwf tgv*ovtoq xavt*iyoft*>v o- 
ttoiwg \ tav Si noog ti to jiiv *a£ vnefox^fy xal f2U 
l^w XiyiTfu, to $£ xatit to noivfU»ev *at nm&tjtt- 
*or t xut r'tkwK xtyrftLXov tf xoi Kiwyrov* to yao x***^ 
ttxor, xtvrittxov tov Mvrjtov- Mill to Mtrqtov, mvf]- 
loy vjzq lov nirt}Mxov, 4* Ov* Itfw ^* xbntoig n&oa 
i Ttoaypata k ^la^lltL y&q at* to }ista\(t*XXov, 
tut ovoiay a § xuii* noouv, if x&ti notiv, q HVHt 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



tg AKISTOTELIS 

ton or. Koivov d' inl tovto>? oi&sv dart let fitly, wg 
<pt*[ih, o ovts tod$, ovtt noobr, ovxt noibv, ovts tan? 
alia* *ctTriyoQi)(Aafmv vv&lv! v Jlgt ovdi xivting,' 
ovn (litufiolii ovdwbg. tottu napin ri UQfjp&a, (tn~ 
for 04 ye oviqs nnqa tit no^fdvu, 5. "Exciatov &i 
dtftoS vnigxH nimv> otov to ?©oV to fjthyitp poo^iy 
avtov, to di eriftjmf. Ktt* uatit to noiov to /icy 
yaf Itvubv, to di pilmu Ka* xmw to ttooov, to 
fib tilnov, to d' efrfiUV. *Ofi*mg di *a# uaxa tijr 
tfogtay, to pip Spa, to di xit(* * 1} to pip *9Wf>QP y to 
di /ftxov. 'jl$%$ nivriauBq ual peruftoifjj; itntp tfdq 
tounvtu, 00a tvv iVrofi. 6* J^^fJtivov pi K«tf 
fxaotov yivog, tqv fiiv i»reJU/£t£, tov di dvvvtfui, ij 
tov dvpupu oVto? ^vT<ic/€to> j TOtotxTOF, iwVijais 
ioriv, Olop, jqv pirallowJOVy y allot&roy, il- 
iofoots • tov .0* «v$t?ToS> sit* tov «mx«^yov ^£i- 
toS (ovdiy yip oVopet xocro? *V ipydip) att$if- 
w? »«i <p&icH$ • TOW £« ywiffoi* *«* O^OJOTOt/, j4- 
y*w?xa* <p&oq<* • tov £« o?ofqTo«, <jpoo«. 7/4>t* 
<5e tovto four ^ ttiVjgas$, ipts&&$p 'dqior. v QtUv 700 

TO OMTo6VH«^TOy» fl TOtO*/TO* OVTO Ity&fiSV tlviU, fr~ 

ttX$xt(f y, olxodtpurai, xa* Son ?ww ofNoJopi)- 
a*s * opofo? di ual £jU«#ifo*£, sail taio si/orc, ««* x&- 
i«M$, xoh «iof£, x«i mdywms, xal xqo*xo»?„ 8. "ftwi 
o* ' Sna t« «i)t» x«i di/rapt* ««i ivxtXhxtin 4etlr>, oif 
Sfta di, 1} ov mvTei to octo, «ii* oioy ^tppor jutr 
oVrapa, fvxqov di ivTtiqpufy wpAAa ^o> Tror^Mt 
nai jr«toct«t W 4til^«U»y • jiitm* yu$ fauu a pet ttqp- 
ntmm xu} na&qrwir. *!ll$t* xml to nmmfo pwucfe? 

»4JrtJt01" .IMP ^ TO TOCOVTO K««W # «iMV«t^Ml 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC, AUSC, Lia III. CAP. I. 49 
t*vto* Joxti ph pjjj> ml* frjiay mriia&m to x*- 

9- 1/0* rgi J dvvafUt oyiog fruJUVftp, Qfuv &J&t~ 
fSfofctewi, oixjtvviv, all* ^ uw%*w 9 vfaik 

fatt, Aiy<# $k io « ; w0f . J 'ii(jT* y«f ,?aA>c4£ 4v- 
fu/tci wyfyuifr aU o^wf ov£ »j to? x#l*oi &?&*- 
XfHhjl Xvl*QSt *ivyois ^nv o£ fa? %i piw to 




! 



Iv yaq dvyaa&cu vymhuy t xul dvyaa&m WjWW* 

ttggv " ( ««* ^w^ a* to xJjuxuv k«2to vymw* %av- 

o fy') to cJt wox^yjoy *«t T o vywrov, ^aliq 

aaovy, d'#' v/0<m^, eftf nj/ia, Tmpy xo£ &r. *J£- 

it 6* o v to u? o k, w *< ;■ f c ovtf t jro wit (x towto? x«* jStfl*- 

tor, r t tqv ovvaiQv, jj 6vyajoy f znUt/uu, g>#f;t£<<P 

tnt xlyytitg t*ntr ; 11,"0™^ oiy Wy|aJjij, x«t 

$x# Gvpfttxlytt JOJtxtvutfdm, or ay q £yTfX&&p$ mir 

t^ *ul ovjt ngotigoy, ovte £tiT^oi> ^^Apy " &&- 

jfiTWi yap TxapTpJ' oti utv ivfgyuvj Sri $ij*y' fijo? 

TO ohttt&oinjihyj y ourotfo^TpV K#} qjffi oixofipr 

ffwov higytta, p oixoSopyTw, (uxpdqpj^fl/g low • 

^ao tjwto aptd' 7/ oikoiJd^ij^^ ij iy£pyfia ( Tpv ,<**»- 

ooo^row, -j */ oj*/er (iU' 3tw oUip fr, fiV*$t qU- 

xtoSoptjioy iLiritu- Qipo&ouuiat Hi lb oluoSounXQ^' 

ttvayitii 4*%t* Tijy ojNofrytqmy ?r,> frfQyfictyrfvw ij 

If olxtidourjiug , *ivygi$ rig &iiy> fykfii p^y p j«fl- 

f iyaQpoan Ivyog xjifi /tti iwr utJUflr x^iio^VK. 

AuraT. Purs. Al»c, I> 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



60 AK1STOTKL1S 

CAPUT II. 

"Oxi Si xaXttg ttgrjxai, Si)lov xal & £v ol allot 
ntgl aixrjg liyovai, xal ix xov pi} gifStor tlvai Siogi- 
oai Sling avxrjv. Oixt yag xr)v xivr}oiv xal xi}v (it- 
xafiolijv iv aXXto yivti &uvui Svvvix av xig, ovxt ol 
txtgtog tlgr^xoxtg ntgl avxyg, xatog&ovoi. drjlor Si 
axonovfiiy, itg xt&baoiv tviot avxt}v, Htgoxrpa, xal 
aviooxrfxa, xal xo fiij or yavxoVxtg tlvai xijv xivrjour 
wv ovdiv avayxaiov xivtlo&ai, ovt av txtga y, ovx 
av arioa, ovt av ovx ovt a. 2. All ovo rj ptxapo- 
Irj, ovt tig xuvxa ovt ix tovttav fiallov tatty, % ix 
xiav avxtxtiftivmv. Ai'tiov Si xov tig xavxa xt&ivat 
avtobg, oti aogiatov ti Soxti tlvai t] xivrjutg * trig Si 
Ixigag ovoxoiyjag ai igxal Sia xo axtgijxixal tlvai, 
iootatot. • oiitt yag xoSt ovtt xoiovSt , ovStpia ctv- 
x&v ioxlv, ovSi xStv allay xcttrjyogicov. 3. Tov 
Si Sox ftp aogiaxov tlvai xr)v xivrjoiv atxiov* oxi ovtt 
tig Sivafiiv xjav ovxav, ovtt tig ivigytiav loxi $ tlvai 
avxrp anl&g* ovtt yag to Svvaxbv thai noobv, jw- 
ytXxai i§ ivayxijg, ovtt to ivtgytla nooov. 4. "Iff t* 
xlvrjoig, ivigytta fiiv rig tlvai Soxtl, attlyg Si' at- 
xiov S', oxi axtlig to Svvatov, ov iotiv (vigytia */- 
VT)<n4. iCal diet xovxo Sri x a ^ in °y avxi\v la fitly xi 
iariy* fj yito tig axigtjaiv avayxaiov &tlvai, rj ug 
Siva fiiv, m ii tig ivigytiav anlrjv • xovxobv S 9 ov&iv 
xpaivtxai ivSixoptvov. Jtttntxcu xolvw o iigt}fiiyo^ 
xgonog, ivigytiav fiiv xtva tlvai *. xoiavxyv S* iy4f- 
ytiav,' ofixv tXnoutv, xaXtnriv fiiv IStlv, ivStxouipxpf 
Si tlvai. 5. Kivtixat Si xal to xiv.ovv, Sgiztg tXgr^- 
xai, ' nay xo Svviuti Sv xivrpov, xal ov, r) Axivrjal* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AU8C. LIB. HI. CAP. 111. 51 

iqffiiu totb * & yag t; xiyrjoig vitwgxei, Tovrep ^ «- 
tttvrjeia tjgtplcc to yag ngbg tovto ivegyuv, J] to*- 
tfSw, ctvrb to xiyuv iori. Tovto di notn #/$«• 
w?Tf ujid xal naaxu- du> r t xlvyaig ivrtXixcta tov 
hivjitov, y xo^toV. 6. Svpfiaivei di tovto &%h 
tov xtvfjTutov. "Slotf Spa xctl itcta/u. Eidog di 
M oYattal rt to xwovv, i?to* rode, 17 Totovdt,r] toooV- 
tfr, o larcti crp/^ seal hitio* ti}? xivtjoewg , orav xiprj. 
Mo* o ivTiU X tttt uvfrQmnog noiii ix tov dvvapu ov- 
Toff avd-gtmuv nv&Qbmoy. 

CAPUT III. 

Kat to unoqovfitvor di opaysgbv, on iaxh tj %lvr\- 
criff £y tw xivt}ibt - ivTBlixtia yag ion tovtov, xal 
vwb to 5 mvynxov. Kal tj tov xivtjrtxov di iyig- 
ytutj^oix alXij fori- Stt piy yag foai ivrtXixuav 
iptpoiv* M*nttxw pir yag ion, ti£> dvyao&ai- xt- 
vovydi, jot ivtgyrtv - Alt taw iyegyriTixby tov x*- 
i^toS ^ $$Ti opaiw; pfa t; ttf4<pdtv ivigyua • mgntg 
to airb StaajftfH* tV n/iflf Wo, xat Wo 7rpo$ ev, xal 
ro «Vdv«? x«* to KWTfnif^* tcxvt« ^ao ?* piv ionv, 
b fiivxot Uyog ov X fig. 'Opoiwg di xctl inl tov xi- 
vovpToq xinl xivovpirov. 2."fyn d 9 anogiuv Xoyi- 
*ip ■ Mfxyxatoy yug long thai Tiya bigynav aXXrp 

TOV noilJXiXOV Xttl TOV 7TVC&1JTIXOV • TO piv yag ffo/lj- 

btf, to flt na-frijoig. "Moyov di xal TsXog, tov piv 
hohfpu, rov 3i 7t&&og : *%ml ovv Xp<p<o xivfjong, ei 
jtiv i'Ttoftt, iv tlvt ; i^ h yag Sfiqm tV tw nioxovTi x«i 
xtvovftivy, j} $ ply notqmg h t« tioiovvti, q di not- 
Gyms £y t$ ndaxavn * tl di dtl xal xavTip noiijoix 
*f<kf7v r bfttovvpwg ay if^ UlXa ftijv tl tovto, r\ xU 

digitized by GOOg lC 



62 AKISTOTBMS 

vmng if t£ nwovyu %q*<u * o )<qp «t/ro£ lo/o£ &S 

4U9qQi%mi t tj fyov *inf<sw *i xwfanau JSid* Sftfpm 
iv rij> KirovptvQ ual Ttatyovj*, xml i} noi^aig xal q 
xd&rjou; • xal ij di$a$t<; ual i\ /io£-f oif , Svq ov<wu, 
iv r<Ji pav&uroru • noutov ftiv t fj Mqytw r\ ixa- 
aiov, ovx hf im*TQ vnoBltt * eha, aionor u> Mo 
xwqostS Sfia JMMtadw wfc yoQ usovxai I&Xqw- 
aug dvo t©S krhg, ual *fc S? «Ma£ * oUX' ad iy ax op* 
'Allot ftia fora* fVtoyna; all* aloyov, Qio liiem* 
toi eittw *rij/v at/r^y xoh filar a^«* Iviqytuw ual 
satcu, efttto ^ pa&yais **' V didafa tavrb, nal n 
noitjaig ual y nad-qoig, xal to didaaxuv t% fu&\}a- 
vuv xwini, ual to ao*&y t$ naox uv * "flfi* Toy $*- 
daaieoyra aruyxfi totai napxa (lavfravii*, ual top 
noiovvju 7ta<fxw. 3. *jfif oi' t« to T^y aiiot/ bttymm* 
iv ktigta shot azonov • (tori yao ij didofe hjqyw 
toi) d*oW*alixoi/ * 3? T*y* pinoi, xal ovx OJioxttfin.- 
p&vt), alia xovdi h t$£« •) otfw £f ao] /Way 4voIy 
*a>Zvt* ov^ey iijjy at/T^y t7vai» 0*fl if to.jZmu to 
a vro f »$ lumcv ual ip&uov * * AA* 409 10 dvvajiu oV 
v7ia$X H mtf>$ *i ivtoyov*). 4. Oil* *y»#*i? T^y &- 
daaxovxa fuxv&dyur, oid* u to aaqytiyjc«* 10 j*ai~ 

UP TO 4XVTO iOTi * pqpiv*Ol Olff ,TOf io/O^ ^2lW &*» 

Toy W tjy *Ira* lipoma, oW t^ homy 4m» t£ 1^ao>- 
t/w- aii* wtf ^ oolo^ ,ij &nfa&*¥ *A$%vu& 9 xal 9 
'A&rpy&w **<* 6iP*f+ wnto ttQijTtu xal MiKR^y. 
Ou v«o t« avTa n&xtm ht&Qfu toIq Imwtov* %*i- 
tolg f alia fiiroy ofe «p flvnu to aixo . O} ^iiff 
■ili' ovd* t* ij (M&ate *% t**&r\(m to ^vto, y«i to 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 






PHYSIC. AUSC LIB. 111. CAR IV. 53 

pmv&mvur tm di&aextiv to avxi • &gnto ovd' n y 
oYaovftoi? pim wr oWTiyxottfr, x«» to duototG&ou 
ir&Ma ixtim, xai Mt&tr dwvoo, iV x«* to avid. 
5u "OiU*9»^ > hmuv, oiy q di4a$tg tJJ pa&tjOH, oid* 
rj tco/ijo?? tjj nm&tfcu to crrro xvo/g>?, mkk* a> vnay- 
X** vavia, if xbrjoig • to p«o tovo* lv ta>0€, x«t to 
Tovfo vtto Tovde hioytusv sh<u, eTtoox Td» Ao/'o>. 
6- ?V ^eV ovj> &t2k ij xlvijoxg, xctl x«£oAot/, xal xura 
ftifog, iXqtftw ov yi$ adrjXor ig boKi&fjastai wv 
$iSAv exvarov ainyg • aXXoiwwg per yaq, i) tov al- 
Xewiov, ji aXXouaibv, ivx*Xix*u*. *'Hti Si yvtoQtfuih- 
jtfOVy if tov dwifui ftot^Tixov x«* m*&qTiuov>, p 
Totevwv, anXmg to xeu itbh* n*& y IWoro*, ij oixo- 
d*pf)eig, ij mctoopot?* Top ovtox 44 A^#ijacT«» 
if oko* xai 7rto* twx oVilJtaiF xwtjotmy kxaavtfg. 
CAPUT IV. 

•frq, xwi xn-jjtnr, xal xqwqv, opt fxaoror ivaynmov f) 
(n^o^, if ntxtQatsptruy llvm, (si xal ftrj netv tow 
if sot j par, t; nuTtqavtiivoy, olo9 ita&og f) ottyfiri* 
tbw y*'<u Totovrwf fa™* wt»#8X avaynator h & axiom 
tuvxwv ihut^ TTQoeitXoy a* $Vfj , to* weoi <p»ofetc 
fyayuitriintiFt'or d-wrjtjffat nsoi amioov, si tonr, ij 
ft r? - xaJ, »J itfft., t/ ><j r< . 2. JSfffiSiOP Si, on tuvtrfi 
fijf ^7»(OT^ijf vixrin 7i QwqiioJ fj ntoi aitov • jtoS**- 
*#S ^w^ oom &qxq vatp a$toXoy(a$ tflp&oti xtfQ toiav- 
V^§ iptXonoqiag, ntnahjvtoit Xoyov ntel tov vtrtfieov, 
$ml -r«riH" ('is "p/^ ft*'« ti&iaai twr bvt&v * oJ /M€V, 
4f^i^ at J/t^rt^o^Kioi xa* nXatav* xa& avro , ov/ 
iv trvpfitjSr^og tin friftp, «AA' wff ova lav etvtb o» 



54 AKISTOTELKS 

to ansigov • (nlqv oi fth Hv&ayogtooi iv totg **~ 
o&rixdlg' ov yag x^wthv notovm tor ag&pov* 
xal slvai ds to Sea tov ovgavov amigov • JlXax&w 
ds, s|o) (ih oidsv slvat o&fia, ovds tag idiag,$ dta to 
fif^di no v slvai aizag * to (tsvto* ansigov xal h xoig 
ccioO-rjTolg, xal iv ixtivaig slvai. 3. Kal oi /icy to 
ansigov slvai to agxiov * tovto yag hunolvpftavo- 
fiivov, xal vnb tov nsgittov nsgaivoptvov, nagixtt 
to%g ova* ttjv ansigiav • oitfiuov ds ttvm tovzov to 
ovpfiaivov inl twv agt&uwv * nsgitt&ipsvmr yog tir 
yv&poviav nsgl to sv xalx<*gl$ , bxs usv alio asl y/- 
yvsa&ai tq ildog, ots ds iv. JlXdtw ds dio tit «w«- 
ga, to fiiya, xal to [itxgov •) 4* ©* o*« *wo* qpw««»e f 
anavtsg asl vjrozi&iaoiv stigav t*»a tpiaw t« «?rcH 
oo) twv XsyofUvtov aioi/stov • olov vd&g, y aiga, -jj 
to iiexatv tovTW iwv ds ntmguoniva ttoiovvzuv 
otowsia, oidtlg ansiga noiu m oaoi d* antig a iijotov- 
ai ototxsia, xa&ansg 'Avatayogag xal dypoxgnog, o 
(isv ix twv opoiofitgior , b d* ix tqg navontgpUag 
t<av axypatwv, T/j aqpjj ovvtxsg to inrsigov slvah qp<«- 
oL 5. Kal o fuv, buovv pogiov slvai bpoifog ply pa 
Tail nuvxly dia to bgijiv bttovv 4£ biovovv yiyvofuvov • 
(ivtsv&sv yag soixt xal to bpov noti anavta X$*l~ 
uata (pavai thai * olov yds y aag$ xal tods to o- 
otovr, xal ovzag bttovv * xa* ndvta aga • xal mpta 
toivvv • agxh ?<*(? °i abvov iv Warw iaxl trig dia- 
xgiostog , alXa xal navtmv * iiisl yag- to yiyvopsvov 
ix tov totovzov ylvstai otapatog, navztav d' iozl yir> 
vsaig nlfiv ovx «/*«' xai tiva igxw ttvai dsX xi& 
ysvsattag. Avtrj d' iatlfiia, ov ixslvog xaiu vavv. 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AfJSC LIB. III. CAP. IV. 55 

*0 di vovg, an ag£Jj$ rwog 4oya(ttai vofaag • w$t« 
avayxfj [nana] ofiov not thai, xal SoSaa&ai nor* 
xivovfitva.} 6- dypoxpnof di, ov&tv tttqov & Stc- 
qov yiyrto&ai tiv nowtw (pyair • cuU' OjUfi^ «i)to 
to xooov da^ta a7iarrwv 4oth aqxh > W*^ €l *«*<* 
tct (lOQict xal a^rip ai i dtctyiqov. "On fiiv ovy nqoq- 
yxovoa tdtg qtvatxoig i? &ttaoia, df^Xov in rovtwv, 
7. Evkoywg di xal otQxrjv aiuo ti&iaai ndrttg* ovxe 
yog patriv aiovtt avtb sly at, ovts ally? airtia vnaq* 
Xtiv dvpapw, nXyv &tg dgx^v an an a yag 1} agxh* 
V & tyxVS ' J °v $* antigov ovx totiy agxv ' *ty 7*Q 
av airrov ntgag. **Eti di xal iyivvt]tov xal a<pda$- 
tov, toSTxqxy tig ovocc* To, t« yag ytvoptvov, a*a- 
yxq-Xafitiv tiXog, xal ttXfvtti naayg tatl <p&ogag. 
Jib, xa&ansg Xiyoutv, oi tavtrjg agx*b &M? avtt\ 
tiav aXXwv thai boxu, xal ntgrixw anavta, xal 
nana xvfttgvijtv, i*g <paoiv iooi fii) noiovoi naga to 
antigov ctklag altlag, oior vovv, 1} tpiXlav, xal tovto 
thai to &tlov • a&uvatov yag xal dv&Xt&gov, wg- 
ntg wolf b *Ava$ipavdgog , xal oi nXtimoi t»v <pv- 
oioXoy&v. 8* Tov d* thai ti antigov, *\ niottg 4* 
nivtt paXuna av . ovpflaivoi axonowtiv tx re tov 
Xgovov • ovtog yag anttgof • xal 4x ti^g 4v tdig fit- 
yi&toi foaiQtatwg • jro&yrat yag xal oi (ia$t)fiattnol 
tw ansigtp* tti, t w ovteig av pbv&g py vnoXtlntiv 
yivtaiv xal <p&ogav, ti antigov tifj , b&tv aqtaigntat 
to yiyrojAtvov * tti, t« to ntntoaopivoy atl noog Ti 
71 sQcuvt iv tigtt aviyxfj pr\dh thai nioag f tl att 
TttQabtw avotyxi) htoov nqbg tttoov. 9. MaXuna 
di xal xvouitator, b %r\v xowriv noiti anoqiav nmqr 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



5* AKJSTOTELIS 

&« yitQ to to tjj vofou [*ttviif>Ufo*i* f **** o irpt&p&i 
$o*i& jcnufog thm, xtoti fa ^^^atmk ptyi&i}, *al 
to &«> t*ir ot/jp<*y(H/, Itfrripfn? fV 0W0? ro£ !*«, 
>wa cup* SnHQBv tttvtt d6xfi. r.(u xovpm. Ti yitff 
uixXlop totf Htvov totah&» , r t irrfivfrtx / <u£tf tVniq 
(jriP(*XQV, xeti TfaPTtxxoV avuytrri '*»'«* T *"' Sv**"'* 
"Ap(*y d xctlfott aeror, x«i Tojtoc fiim$as t xat ai- 
ju« Snttifpp foctyxiilov tlvai- to ^rco fodixen&M toi? 
fJViw ow^iK d«t<p4fti to tolq Sitiiaif. tO-"/^i 3* 
(X7ioo/«V»/ Wfoltov (Wrc/(WW -dfraoftr *ra& j'lify p*/ rfrcri 
Ti&f titooii; ntklci idvvata avufiutw - *at fr***. "jETi 
tf«, rcotepo)? ItrrJ, *ofc(>0* wf otwia, if w? a up fit fla- 
xes ua%? vvtb q>v<m wl, § ' aid trig w All' ovdiv 
fitter brtiv Snetyov fj SbHqk tm nl^$tt. 11. Ma- 
Xtma 6i yvaixov ion <r*ty*<F#tfj, ti tun u*y*&a$ al- 
a&riTov am$$6v. IIqwto* avv (Viopun-fW, rtovaxws 
Xiyerm to innfov. 'Era uh ovv t£o*ov, to ftWi 
yorray dukfretr, tkTi j*ij 9rtgft'Ke?ai dnfrtxt * w?*f£ ^ 
9>cmj, aopftr*?. *Alkm 9^ to to^ooW *>ov attltv- 
xipw $ 8 p&yiQf n • **pv*o£ ijfiiv, jwij *>« J* tf«l- 
o£er, i} nigag. *'Eu Sittigov inaf f H *fft<* Trpotrtfr- 
aw, ^ *«i« dittigsviv, if otfKpaTig&c* 
C A P 13 T « V. 
jfooMrroV p«f o*v dtau f & SntiQor twv fucF#^r«r f 
avri t* •? amiQoV , ov/ oIcf z* ■ ei j*Ap pij?*. p*Y*~ 
&ig iath ptjn nXij&os, iH 1 ouula avr6 ivti to iimt<* 
gov 9 xal pij ovp(i*($i\*6$ , NfiiatiqtToy iVrrm ■ to ya$ 
diouQSTov, ff pfyt&og €(TT«4j ij lit, fro*. Kt &k stSmi- 
QtTOV, oi)x &ntiQ*9, d fritm y yt*\'r t tf^naioc. 3 AXt 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



JPHYSIC. AUSC. LIKw III. CAR V. 57 

Smtfov, ovJt tjft&Q faTtvpep, all 3 t>gadU$odor. 
%, £b 4 Si uaz* wpjkfopioq fori ToamtQor, otx ar 
eXy wotxwnr twf oVrwv , jf ane^ov • agneg oidi to 
ai}a*0r tnfr ItttJwiTOv, xft/f o* if (fwyr\ fart* aiqaxog 
*jBm »«$ foffrevtf* H**i to ait* aneitiW) eVneq py xai 
af*&ptb* wa* piye&os, iv iett x«& aitb rta&vg t* 
to ormaftH* ? Sn yitf tjTTOP avayxr^ fj tot KQi&pbr, 
%i 'A piye&o$. d. tito*** by di xai in ovx 4vdix**ai 
tlrm* to inuQo+t «$ hrtoyil* oV, xai w$ oialav, xai 
afx^y *mu yaf bt4ovv avtov ontuqov to lapfla- 
ripevor, u peqiotif. li yaf arcelom dlvat, x«# a- 
ne i$ov> to avio * tftrtp otroiu to aitetqov, xai /i^ 
«c^ 3 vTiaxetvivov* 'Jl$t* 1} adtaiosto*, fj ti$ Sittt- 
fit dtatort/w * 7roiA« J* &rctoa a&vvottov tm avtip 
£v&t. Atia pip vinto iegog aifo fsdgog, ovtto xal 
Stt Fioor ttTfrooi', tl' ye oiefa iati*ai <*0W* *ApiQi- 
0to*> «p« Kfft adtaigt to*. *AX)l atiivettw to ivtele- 
%££$ &r SnetQov noabr yaq to elvai avayx'atov, 
4- Kmci avpflrfiiixoi uf^a fartff/e* to aitetqov 4 al£ 
A '>i ; n.y. h li'jtjttt on ovx frMxttai avto aQZHV 1/- 
f iw - nU' Artfro 6* avpfti/tii*e , Tor cr^oer f fj to ap- 
tie*. Ift^rt «Tojr«£ oV imNpafroirto ol Myovxeg ov- 
im$) togjteo ol Hv&ctyiqetol tyadtt • Spa yao ovaiav 
ww^ to aJMqpo*, **i (t*Qi5ov0tt. 5. ifl^ foai* 
0Ufi} f»iv 4ot* »a£oAov ^ tqtifGts pallor, el ivdiz*- 
xa» to anttgov *ai if lot* fia&Hfiattxaig eltai, xai 
«V«otf poqtote , x«l Ar tolff p^&y Sfovo* piyt&og. 
*IJjp6f S* imcxoTrovfitr M$l tm aht&fjt&t, xai yteoi 
mw noiovprta tip pd&ed&v, aq tattr ir avrolg, r\ 
•tW Ion ow^a SmbQov M tr\v avtyw. C. yfo/*- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



58 AK1&T01 UL1S 

x<og jtiy ovv oxonov pivots, ix Tttiy zotmrdt fioUit* 
ay oix tlvvu' u yaq &m adfitttog Xoyog to {mnidtot 
WQiopivov, oix ay «fy Otopa ujiuqov, ovt* wrrftbr* 
ovis aio&r}j6y. l^AXXa p\\\ aid' vyi&ttog oviwg oj* 
xtxiooiopiyog xal antioog- tiyt 3 u^iov y&a o apt— 
&pbg, % %b %xov aqi&pov* Iti ovv to ugifrfitixav £r- 
dixeicu aQi&nrjGcti, xal dt£$u&(tv iiv ui} dvvaTQv ro 
antioov. pvoixjbg di pallor ^mpouat? ix Ttorfc* 
8. Ovtb yao ovv&btov olov « that, ovtt anlovr. 
Zvv&stqv piy ovv oix BOrat to itnuqov awpot, *t nt- 
ntoaapiva t$ nXr\&u tit oroyr*7« *frj, 'Avayxrj yttg 
nXtim slvai, xal ioa£uv aet Tuyttvila, xal /i^ etrat 
fV aiiiov antioov • ti yao ojiwaovv Xdnttm tj 4v M 
oeipan dvvapig d-aiioov, oloy tlib nvo TitJiioavTa^ 
b d* ariQ anuoog* for* di to taov nvq jov Vaov «i- 
Qog Jtj dvvapei bnoGanXctfftovovr, pivoy dk aoi&p6y 
riva fyov * bpwg <pav$QOV, bit to eimiqay vjitySttXtl 
xal <p&£ou to nzntouapiy o v. 9. "Hxaaiov 5' antt~ 
ooy sly at adivaxov • a&pa ya$ 4<m to nany I'z&p 
diaotaotv anuoov di to antQavjotg ditaryxig * we- 
re to anuoov awpa, nanax^ t<jttu dtforrixbg fig 
antiqov, 10. AXXu pip ovdt, i* xal ujilovy ttyas 
fvdixejai to anuoov owpa, outf, wg liyouvi T*r*fr 
to naoa ta axoixua, # ov tavxu yzvvwoir, ovfr* it* 
nXwg * elol yao twsg oitoviQ rtowva to iijrtifiov, 
aXX oix itiqa, % vdog, GTroig p) taXla (f&tiQyTtn 
inb tov ansioov avwv txovm ylto nt/ltg uXXttht 
ivavji&ow, olovb (iiv aiiQ yvxaog, to d* t.-iViio vygoy, 
to di tivq S-BQfioy mv el ty f<iiun>.>v, «^#otoio ay >,*}r} 
raXXa • vvv di htQov fpuoiv tlvai to ei ov rccura. 

Digitized by GoOgk 



PHYSIC. AUSC. Lia III. CAP. V. 5»., 

1 JU *<d9vvmov S 7 sb>ai toiovxoy, ovj( oti ansiQpv 
(n$$ tovtov yao xoivovu Xsxtioy inl navtbg buoliog 
xai.atQog, xul vdatog, xal otovovv) all* or* oix 
sqjn tqiovtov alo&r t tby o&fiu naga xa xaXov t utya 
OpWCUt* • anav yao, i$ ov fail, xal diaXvsxai, tig 
t$\&o. *'jlgts ip av iytav&a naga aiga, xal nig, ' 
**£ yyv> *«* vdag aXXo rt* yaivttat, #' oi&iv. 12. 
Ov$i di} nvg, ovd aXlo tSty OToiztiwv ov&iv anei- 
gov ivdixsicu slyai tc bXtag yag xal xwglg tov anu- 
gwr tjvat t* avxiay, advvctrov to nutv, xav # mniga- 
6jfi%oy, % urai, ^ yhea&ai tr tt ait&y, wgntg c I/oa- 
, xLfytog <f>r)Oiv anavta yivto&ai noxe nvg. 13. C Q ds 
etgfog Xoyog xal inl xov .kvog , olov noievai naga tit 
0ggg£&a oi ipvaixoi ' 7i ay i a yag /Meta^aXlsii$ ivuv- 
~* i " tig haytloy, oiov ix -dsg/iov tig yvxgov. Jit ds 
navtbg,. xal ix rwvde oxonuy, ti ivdixetat rj ovx 
%i%w thai ompa anngov aio&rjiiy. 14. "Otitis 
^divatov stvai o&pa anstgov aio&iitby,ix tStv- 
Iqlo?* nicpvxe yag nay to aio&tjtby nov slvat, 
n tonog rig kxaotov, xal b avxbg tov pogiov 
taribg, olov bXrjg re t^g yyg xal fiung fiwXov, 
nvgbg xal omv&tigog. "jlgts tl (*iv bfioeidig, ij 
rov sotai, ») alti oio&i)atxai. Kaltot advvatov 
*ig jiaXXov xaxta if avto, % bnovovv ; Xiym 6i, olor 
*Ti), nov avrq xiyfi&^osxai, rj nov ptvu ; o 
Xonog ansigog, rov ovyyeyovg aitg oioftaxog. 
ovv xa&iSsi toy oXov tonoy, xal natg ; tig 
\ jtov i\ fioyf) xal f\ xiyqaig avtr^g ; ij navta- 
fft / av xiyt]&ijo£Tttt> aoa- t\ nartaxov xwtftn- 
Wfffc} ovx aqu axrjanau 15. El d* ayopoioy to 





60 ARISTOTKMS 

nay, ivofiotoi xttl otToaroi* xdl fowrov ptiv ov# f* 
to o&pa tov irarxbg, al£ i] i<h r'nf.'^m. "/■;■* ma, 
ytot nmsgavpipa xavx toxai, i', a xuga tw tldn - xat 
nmtgaofiipa piv ei'Z olor n ■ to rat yttq ret $tip tt- 
nttga, to S' ov, ti to nap a-xngo-r, olov to jtvd, 1} to 

1/fop. ft&OQU di TO TOCOVIOI' TO! $ frtfVftW, XOt&Ot- 
7T€0 €t'0^T«* TTOOTfOOl'. Act flltf H'l'FO. 0L#*t£ TO F*' 

xcu anttgov nvg iitoitfatp, ovdi yfjr t iwy tfvmolo- 
y«w, all' 1} v&»o, 1} atyct) n 10 uu t *n avjwv ■ or* to- 
tto* ixareoor, d*/2o$ ^v 6*iw0*quci'O$. Ttevt* d* 
inap(potsgl£tt tw ayw xa* x^roi, /;i d /< ifiou seat 
unlet, nal oi xonot antiqat xal etiTot ajim.qa tu 
otOLXtia • ti 9i tovto advvm<* xal .Tf/i.'-m^Hf^o* of 
totkm, xa* to oilo* nmtgav&ai ctvayxatov " advwm- 
xop yog ftfi anagxi£up tip xo nn. xa$ to aoifia ■ ot/rf 
yao o ronog o nag ps%(*)v, y oaop f>u7/*teu to oa»/m 
crfia *]>«*• (crpia fl* ovtf* Snttonr &rrm to a»/j«,) 
ov« to owjtca ptitpp, 1} ToWog * J /«j jmp'oc lain* 
xl, ij owfta ovdapov 7r*qpvxoL thou, 16. *Avtt$t$fi- 
gag 8' axonag Isytt ntgl tv tov irnsigov ftupijf 
OTtjgtZnp yug aitb mvjo <pqat ro «< tm^oj\ tovto £e» 
6x1 £r airy* alio yog ov&ir Ttrgii/tt. 'Jls offot' £m 
xt y, nttpvxbg ivxotv&a tlpai ■ tovto tf 1 ovx crAij^K - 
«fiy yap ar t« 710 v (Met, xal oix ov niqtvnw. I 7. Hi 
oiv on paXtojxa (iij xivutoh to Slop * (to ;*oo ^ av- 
t<v OTiyoifojUtFoy, xa* h aho 01 f i\*ir\T<T t~ivu* *- 
viyutf) Ola dta xl ov iritpvxt xtvito&tu , ltxT^of * 

OV /«0 IxapOP TO OVTWg ftTToVTtf O^T^Jli«^«** if^ 

yo^ ccv xa* OTcot/v «2Ao ov xn 01 '-u t vor * cfiUa ^f^pt^ 
j«Va* ovMr xwivci- frrn xal \ t yt f vi- tpiqitat. 

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PHYSIC. AU8C. LIB. 111. CAP.V. 61 

fft0»ftf£O? ip> m tifffftMHi fUrxot ana rw fUcov iki> 
od(g, ou ixn\v aJUo ov b*x&ri8txm, ftivoi 4*r 4nl ttw 
fdaev ' ilk* or* ov niyvxw oviw. Kmhm- &tlr\ mv 
Wyuv, on, ffjijQJfa ketvnljr. Ju ovv p^d' i*$ **fc 
$*g tqvxo aYitov amifov o&rif?, <xiU 3 on ^'fKf^«, 
to ^i jSa^v /i*Vf t t?** tov [*4&*v, y di yij tf/rt tov 'p&- 
jiev, QjjHxi&s jo»* to &1KIQW pert* Sv miwtp, <dt« Sklqv 
r tret ah lay, xctl ov% St* anttqov, x«t orifO&et •tvro 
ewro. 18. v//ia di djploiv otjk^ oxiovv dio* [tioo$ 
p&w mg yog ze aitHfor h> itntjb) p&u orqp/fo?, 
ovtoj #$r vxwvv Iqq&y piqog, 4r ittvw f»i*w n>v 
fay oXvv ual xov pijpve epo*id$t$ *o* tooo* , olw 
&Uf? /q$Mut» /SwAou , **?«» • trot *am$ ttwoos nee* 
mtr#g£0£, wvai. *&£?« e* tov a*«/o«v Toit+g to 4v 
tm&, xeu tov (tipovs i mvtiq • p«rtf aoa dp kvw.' 
IflU (Uwf di ^avtyof, Sit «dw*Toy apa «km#o? A*- 
^«iy *£p«, *a* totiw twA jfret to?? ompmur, *i **v 

WW «A0*h?*eV, ij /&W0O? «/«*, ij ttOVpOTI^TM • tt«2 fi 

pbJbQV* && to pioo? 3ye* »$? •qpooay yiWt • «* di 
mwyw, £&** 'Ariynti yao xetl i» ametfov amftm. 
*J0W>axov toq unav owoTtaoyotrr, *} to jfjtuw?**- 
«tyor nmev&ivcti • we y«o &&$$, i) **»? tov &ett~ 
fftvlotra*, *o ^iy awn, to di **t*>> % SSogaooy y j»o- 
mvj 20."£rt, aw owo* wioJbjTo* iv rotrw • Tojrot; 
M **^*l *«* d*«^o^«i, to «W %al *£t& t mti f/utroo- 
^fUif^a* Smwiteir, ual $$$£* xctl i^uruQW * n«* Teev^- 
fi^oif ^iojtov ?i$o? ^w«tf im« ^e'(Tct , £Mm mat iv nvtwt 
«jkii^ dW^OT^t. 'Jdvyntroy ^' Irty anWow rrWi 
r^«i^ ?M . WiUk di c$ idwuToy fAw ^ai offre^ 
pftttfr T««y de wiy oM/tMif advy4»ro»» irmfor 3v*l n 

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02 ARISTOTELIS 

o&p*. jiXla ptiv to yt nov , h xonta • Xal to h> %o- 
7ua , nov. £l ovv fxi]de noobv elov r ilvai xb a-rxtt- 
po* • (niaor yap t* iotcu, olox dtotjxv, tj x$iTtnz*> • 
Tat/ra yap arjftcclyuto nooov^ ovtw xal xb Iv T07tm, 

OT* 7IOV * TOVTO £«, ^ oW, jj XtXTOI, ^ |V aJUl} TM4 

dwtoxaoH xmv IS* Tovrw o° ?xaoror 7r^pa? t/ iarir. 
22* "Or* aix ovv rVepyWa ovx Man WMjKa a1tuQOv t qnx- 
vtqbv ix jqvtm. 

CAPUT VI. 
"Or* de, f i pi\ tuxtv Snnoof anting, nolXa advva~ 
xa ovpftafrti, dtflov rev xb y*o XQ°* 0V terra* rig if- 
M xal xiUvtt) • xal xa peyi&y ov diaiotta tig uiys- 
&og, xal aft&phg ovx Iota* anttqog. "Orax di dim- 
QKJftdvMv ovxmg pijoWpw? tpaivtjxai i*6ixw&m » fr«« 
xot/T© 6^ xa* $jjAox, 8n to»s ji& Arte, row? d* o$. 
A&ysta* di xb uvai> to juex dvvauuSxb 6i iyxtk&x*t<f • 
no* to inHQov taxi pb TtooQ&istt, taxttik xal aqpat- 
pear** to <5e piyofrog, on uiv xax ivi&ynax ovx fcrrtx 
artuqovy ilpi??*** dtouQetrn #' Arrf* ot) yap ^aX«roy 
«xeA£x ra$ axopovg ypaaaa?. 2. Aefatxai ow 6V- 
v«^*s* elvai to «7rr*oor» Ov $8* 64 to dwApu SV JUtft- 
(tmtUvt ilgmo j& dvxaxbv xoxri av^ptaxra rfxa*, £$ 
xal %otm %ovx apSgtag • ovrw xa* «7rr*ooi'*T* > o fcrrat 
ivtqytic*. *Ak£ insl nolkax^g to *tv**h »S*r*p q itf*** 
pa, lor*, xa* o aye*?* tw «r» «>Uo x*l alio yifea&cu* 
ovxo) xa* to aWcijpov* xai yap ^ Tovtwv ArrJ **& 
$vv*fAH xal ivtqytia * 'Okvpnia yiq iaxi xal t^ ov- 
vao&a* tox. aywva ybta&txt, xal tt? ylvte&m."AXU*$ 
di £v t« t£ jtoox^ J^Aox to ctmigov, xal M toW ^r- 
&^imm 9 xetlikl t^ d*atpioeM( f£x pty*&i$p. *OA«k 

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PHYSIC. AUSC LHI, III. CAP. VI. 63 

pir ytt(t ovd'ti £&tl to &jiitqov t rw «t*i aiUo xal aX- 
jto k&fifittvtG&at ' xal to XapfiavopLtvov fiiv a it nt- 
ntQ&tfftirQy tlvvtt , «AA' «tf l yt i'ttoov xal freoov. 
3„ £*/i«, *0 *iFfl«, irAeorrijfwg Xiyttaf^Sstt to anu- 
gav ov #fl kapfitii'tLi' (**$ jodf ri, ofay avd-ottmov, jj 
oixi&v, a A A* w£ i/jtufoa kiytifft, xal b ayav, (nig to 
tira* oitf oj£ outft'ff t*s yiyovtr t ttlV ad iv ytvian ij 
q&vgu t ) tl xal nmt^ciopivoi'f a)j? itl y* I'ttoov xal 
1 1 to or* AXX iv pBV tolg fity&frtatv, vnofiivovtog tov 
ki)<p&tvtog , rov jo uvpfittivst } inl di rwv av&owTiwv 
tea* tov xguvQVt <p-d , tttiOftivotVj ovtmg, wgrt ftifvito- 
Xiinttr. $. To Si xarix nqoq&Mw, to afao mag 
ton r xal to KffiK ftiaiqajw ■ iv yiia tm ntneoctofiivto 
xwiu 7t$6gdtaip yivttfii uytSriTQUftuimg' y yaq dl- 
titoovutTov hftitzui tig U7iutiar f tax' it/ Ttoogtl-frifttvov 
yuiiUta 710 og to i)ottittiroi * tv yuQ t» TteTttQaOfiivw 
ptyi&u Sv ktt/ftar tig iotufiivov TgogXafi/fuvfi tip crv- 
Tfij loybt, pi} to ttvio Tt tov L'aou piye&og t<J> Xoyta 
7ieQiXmft t iapw , ov 8ts%£HJt to TtmtaaofAivW av d* 
ninojg <tv$jj top Xoyov , wVtf ati n to avto ittoikap- 
vuv fiiyt&og, 5ii$uat t titii to 7i av to it en eg ao pi- 
vot* OLvatijihj&txi oitotivv ii>$i<i{iti>v\, ''AXXag fiiv ovv 
ovk It0tiv t avtwg S* iatlto aTtttooi* bwaflti yctQ xal 
inl xtt&attjtati ■ xal ivrtXtxtitj fti httIv, wg tffv t]fti- 
l*av zlvttt Xdyapw , xal thv liymvtt" xal Swaftet or- 
tw$ &$ y vXvi r xal ov natf avTQ, t#g to nBitsqaofii- 
vov> 5» Km xtttfi TT^o^Statv 8tj r/vrtog anufov 6V~ 
tfitiimlv, o tuvto Xiyofttv raoTTov to>« tlvaitv 
6t dialgtaiv * itti fiiv yuo it aviov 2jw £<rrcf« Ictfi- 

tVttV ■ OV UtiTOi I tl fifivl Xu 7T it lib f WQUJft9V0V ftt- 

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s 



04 AIUSTOTELIS 

/i&QVft tagjilQ int ryv fftatfieQtv ivta ; Htkkn mtyro; 
Aftepdyov, xal &nm tiaiiffy. "jIstb dij ntn'iog vn*$~ 
fiaXX&v *«t« %qp itqoj&taw, ovdi dvvupti ol&v it 
Mvcu, tlntQ pi) ifjn nut a ovpftt faxes iyrtUxtiq «~ 
miQW m<;n*Q ywolv ol atvfft^koym ih l|w aw fit* 101 
xojfiov, ov q ovffUt itftQt 1/ akko tt totoviov unuqw* 
jil£ (i pq olov T* iTrat, ujiuqov foitktjCtia owput «J- 
a&qzbv Qvua, (pavtQov uit oi&t dvr&pti ur f**j H&iv 

T # 5 duxiQfou. %/jinu nal JlkiitTivy tfi-i Touioaireifi 
di/o iJiolqo*? , QJl uat inl ir t y (tv$r ( t?tv dox*H VTiff- 
pukkfkv, *a+ sig -win guv Uvut t -xctl ixl t^ xu&al$t- 
ety. Hnfaae pinoi Svo, vi j^iai. OL'it ;a£ fr 
TO*e aQi&fiolg to iifi Tr t y xa&alotaiy unttoov umm$- 
jjs*. 'HyitQ povie ilaxioiQv* ovuijil jy* av%qaw 
MW*^*f &*<•$©$ Trot** roi' vLiit&uur, 7. Jtvpfiaipu 

ou pq&V j$o>, tfU 1 oi « w rt i;w fori, tgvtg a'jiupor 
to** Om^kOV di* nut yaa nuv 3«im -JLioi/f c/?T£i£0i-„ 
$<*9t TWf /13 %%oviu: a<fty$6vtjv> on tthi Ttt$u tot 
kctfifiirwj 9W& o/tWnpoi fi*V rtva is^ocr*. ■, ot 

**xm ww$, ikX 3 owl 10 *<j^v dovov Fiffw, S. j*« 

UtlQQVJtir OVV 1%XT 40TW, Oir moTo T0 nofffly Jt«l44- 
fiiKomw* «if/ -ujivfltlv Uur iff it y. Ov &i pyfriv »|w f 
WT AffHf ^Ua»^ >X«tfi 'MO* * #i ; rw ;« ^> l<jt^pftfa Jtt 

nov okjw, r) fiffimkcv > %> Jlsm% &i &q*C£pt&a th*»f 
&«WWn AVf^ *f#fctf' ttijftuif - film- ™ ol*r t ol pi~ 

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PHYSIC. ACJSC. LIB. III. CAP. .VII. 0* 

*/.n a> JjrjJ. 9* To oJUx Jtl n*» fiJUior, i} to *wo TOtyte. 
ira?, ij tftWp/us i JJ cfw** (g%l* tHhoy d 3 oi&fr, 
jiTj Xxqy rfUc * to jf nlog, fr*oo* . ^o fiiXno* oin- 

Unttotiy Qkov qpJjotr ' «> tM TQ ©At* ntttlQ&v&mh 

oi) j'a? w* a/j-o*' A/»-f.> , earl owimtty t$ irmrxl m4 
(fly to uTtstQQp. \0**Entl irt&$iv yt Xvppiwvai 
iTir otptroi^jvt xvi u tov umfyov, to 7roVr« ffeot^ror* 
x&l to flay h hiviCt t/QV, Ami TO fe«y fHW OflOlO- 
i*jT*i r$ oi^i ■ *im ; <ip to arpttoo?, jyQ fpv ptye&evs 
T*ifiuTt t ruj viti' xwi to dvvmpti oh>v, ivit A*?</? # 
OV * foatptTny fit, til r f ifr %U&(tiq*Q4V *#l tyy &r~ 
TtGTyappiYJiy Ti^oiOiatv ■ oiw £c «<x+ njmtytHfpi-r 
ror, ov xtx&* tfUTD, *i/;.,< jc«t *Uo* mill ov ?*«?«***♦ 
oUia ntqttjctTtft, I vnstQW fob ttttl ayr+Htwy, jj 
intiq^v. EtSog yau ot*x %x** ij V>L^. ll.lftffTa fio>- 
yjoor, on ftullov iy uooiov ityy to jf&ffooy, <5 4f 

SioV ^d^llOJ' //co -»/ i-Arj TOV oiot% WffKff £0^*0? 

tot) /pjUov (i^o«(^To; * 6r*j *?y* Wfflfcftt i* **?$ 

viff&ijToTf Ktf* *V IQ*£ rofToff TO /tl^/fl #«* TO fM »fi» V 

W« madxtw iv yo^tft. "Atqtlop d}*<Hu&vwtov, to 
iyytaqjoy xu\ to dpatarojr TUQityUP «0t Oftfc*?, 

caput yu % 

Aw t« io/oy 5* a t'^4 ; 7(kiVm *jk) to atari noof^Wt 

PalXftv utyitfov; ■ At! rjy dAfittytyur 6} $lwt * 9r«^4|V 
^Tat j'oif w*- »j r/l)g eVtos^ *o) to anufw WQtixt} 
di ro *Woff . a. JfwAo^ftitf Ji xfr» to. ^f ^ii« t£ «o^fjl 
Aftrsv. PiiTi. Ann-. K 

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00 AHISTOTEL1& 

thai bit %h tiuxxtetov itipctg' inl di tce nXtiw, 
mil nawbg vmffialXeiv nly&ovg * &tl Si mr 
fitye&ay xovvavxiov • &n\ ph yttg to IXoTTor, rcay- 
tog vnsqpuilXuv fuyi&org tnl 3i to pu&v, ftig 
tlvat [t&yt&og SmiQQr. Aiit&v d\ on to $v stun- cv - 
diaiotrov, brttQ «r £r »;, oFor ay&gtairog ttg tty&gw- 
no g, xal ov noXXoi 9 b 8* umftpoz iotiv fob$ nXttta, 
xal nova atta • • ibgtt avayxr} tnyvvtt £t* to aditti— 
gtxov. n» yaq dvoxal tght naqwvvfia ovofi&Ta 
iotw Ofjpotws dixalrmv uIXoip ttqt&p.4av txuattiq. 
3. Hitl di to nXitov aut iau voyacti* annyot yap al 
dixotofjUai tow peyi&ovg* &i^rf Jirwi/te* piv iatir, 
irtoyeift d' vv, aii' atft vntg^dXXu to Xapfttiv6 t uE~ 
vov, navtbs wQiapivov itlij&avg. *AlX* ov /Mpicrrof 
o t*(w&fibg ovrog ti\g dixotOftiag f oudt fiivn *; ktt**- 
f i«, tfAAa yiftxai, mgneQ xa* 6 £f wo? xa«o wpityios 

TOV Xf>096V. *2frr* oV T(»V /lf/f ^Uf TOt'WrVft'Ol' *OT£ • 

*<*S dtatysitcu (xey yaq dg StTTtiga to <?i/i *#$£. *£>** Ji 
To fiH&v ovH Motiv $7teiQov. *OfJov yaq iydtxtrat &v- 
v&ftu etvcu, xal frtgyilq irdtxtia* loaovtov elrtxt* 
v Jt$Tt iittl aitugov oi'&iv 4a*i t utyi&og ala&TjTov, ov* 
hdfyttat rtavtbg im^fioX^v thm iatapirov psyi- 
&ovg k tttj ya$ aV n tov ovgavov psttov- 4. To 0* 
amtqov, av %avtbp ir xwtiari, xai ptyi&H, xaixyo- 
v®, wg ual (tia il? Ipvolg, alXa to votcoof liyt tot 
Hottcc to noore^oy ' olov, xirqaig pir, ot» ttoot^^ok 
to psyt&og, ifp ov xvptttat, ij nXlotovtm, ^ t*viayr- 
T** rf ' o X$°*c>g d& dta tijv xt t '^ju\ Nvv piv ovv jrpcw- 
fttda tovTOW SortgoV tii TrnQaaottt&o: Uynv, xal 
tl tow txaaioy, xal 8 tort nav pfytfrog tig ptyi&t} 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. III. CAP. VIII. 67 

iUatorroV. 5. Ovx aopatqHXcti 6$ o Xoyog ovdi xovg 
fiad"Q[iaTixovQ ir\v decaqiav, vvcuqwv ovxwg tlvat xb 
aTitiQOVf wgie ivBqyeiet slvcu em ti]v av^aiv, wg adt- 
BJshritov • ovdi yaq vvv diovxeti xov anugov, ovde 
XQtovjcu, aXXa fiovov tlvou, oar)v ay fiovXtavtai, m- 
nsqaotUvyv • to> 8i psyioxtp (ityi&H xov avxov ioxi 
Teipqo&ai Xbyov onr\h%ovovy fiiyt&og i'xeqov. "jlgxt 
nqbg fUv xb del$ai ixeirwg, ov&ev dioioei • to di «I- 
vaty iv xoXg ovoiv eoxat fi&yi&sow. 6. 'Ensl 6s xa eel- 
Tea diyqrixcu xexqax^g, yavtqbv on wg vXrj to anu- 
qov aXxiov ioxi • xal on, to per tlvtxi aixw exiqr}olg 
iaxi, to di xa& avtb vitoxs(ficyt>v f : xb wvtxig *«* «*- 

E&yTQV. *IJfHV01'T(U 8s TiaVXtg Xttl ol SXXoi, W£ vXtJ 
fqtdfitVOt Tbi iiJTtfOtp* dih K&l Sxonov to Ttsqtixov 
noiziv avjbj uXla utj to ntquxofiByov. 
CAPUTVlil. 
Aaittbv 3' iTTEl&tiv, xettf ovg Xoyovg to aitBiqov 
una 6*axu f ov poiov Svvafin, «X£ wg aqmqiofiirov 
j a u*i yaq ittxw wutiuv. ovx pvayxoucc, xa d*' e/et ti- 
vtxc iXw^ilg kxioag ttTtctrrtjoHg. Ovxs yaq, tva ^ /«'- 
**o*is juij irtttinjij avayxaiov ivtqyeia unuqov thai 
awfict aio&i}t6v h&ixixat yitq tip -fraxiqov <p&o- 

qay yivttttV &ttTbQOV EUfUl , mntqaOflipOV OPXOg TOW 

navxag. 2.*jkrt, to anjfo&ai xcel to niTTSQctv&ai, 
irvqav, To uir yag nqog xi xal xtyog' (aitxsxai yaq 
yr«f ripbg,) xal twv ixtTteqttGpivw xw\ ovpftifirjtB • 
to Si ittntqcHffitvQVt ov nqog it, ov$* aipao&eti tw 
rvjfoVti xov xi^xoytag iaxL 3. 1^ ^8 tj royaei nv- 
fffa'o. itiQTiQv ov yaq inltov itqciyftaxog r\ viuq- 
1*2 ij xal % tXXtoiptg, al£ inl x^g voyaBwe' ixaaxop 

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08 ARISTOTKI.IN 

y*q ay ijjuwy vviptui ti$ n^llanX^mv lavivv vv$w 
*ig imuQov ex Ail 3 ov 9 tit rovro £e"w iqu mttog t& 
iaxw, 1} toy TrjXiuovit pByl&ovg ii ij[opty f ori foti 
r»ff • aXX* ©t* eo*r/* tovyo ^f ovftfii/iiiXEv. C Q &i #00- 
yo$ *«» ij uirtjaig, &7tHQtt 4azi, x«! i t niv"'?, ti'jf 
vxepcroFTO? tov Xapfiavojinvow Miyt&o? d* t oifit 
rjj xa&atQwu , o*t« tjj roi?!**^ otvf^tff* A/tip «irei- 
aoy. u4iUoe ttsqI piv tot? £:i tfyov ttiu? Ajti, x«t »£; 
ov* urn* xn* t/ fowy, ff^ijrr^- 



L I B E H IV. 

CAPUT 1. 
Opoing d* ivix/ny xvt ttiqI jonov tiv qnwNo?, 
togjrsQ xal neql anit^o*, yvwqiiftiF, & tiffJiv % pr tt xa* 
9»g toxi, *«♦ %l tor*. Tfcm yitfi Svrvt nttvjtg vno- 
XapfbiuKNiew Hvai mv. !/To /«p ps? $v t ovtiapop tl- 
i'<jm* rto9 yiq Am r^a^iXa^og t i', vyiyl; xnJ -rijj 
xivfoeiag q noivii puXurtu *m Kr^wiftn,, *«t<1 row* 
«r»*y, *}* Krwlofy*** qpops* 2/ifrfi ite noXiag «tm- 

0MI?> W *©!»' &W O T07TOi: - OL' p^i TnVTW tfttht- 

oW %?"/*** oude? na^it twv aXlw, nth* jrpcujjiG^- 
piyov, cSt* Tt^offvno^utior nt^i uvrcv. 3* "On 
piv dw 4*tlv © *otv»ft £ox*t di^JLox **!'** i* rifC KfM- 

/UtTCUmUFUtp • OCftOV y«p f'llf riV vJftW, frTifi'&Pt 

tSstl^eWe? *>£7**p ^} apytioBi nuktv nin* tttativ • grt 
£i vey «t/rer totw t*v*ov /ixAo tj twi' v«>/4(r(Hf **t- 
r&M, t*vt» £j Twr iffi*»pti'bir p xftr /Mrfi.?otJll^rti»r 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. I. W 

tJiQQv ncmtav elvtti doxe** h ta yag atjQ ion vvv, 
vSoyg iv tovtw tiqbtsqov tjv. "jlgxe dijlov, wg r\v o 
lOTiag t* xal *; Z^oa, hegov apyoiiv, tig ^jv, x«* 4$ 
ipi psiifialXor. 4. *Jixi &i xal ai <pogal twx yvowop 
a&pazw xal mnX&v, olov nvgbg, xal yr}c, xal t«i> 
tvwviwv, ov flavor dtjlovaiv ot* ioxi t* 6 Toxog, aX£ 
. or* xal exu xw« dvrapiv • tpigsxcu yag %xaaxov slg 
top avrbv jonov py xwlvoperop, to pkv avm, to &k 
xduo. 5. Tuvia d' iatl tonov pegrf xal sidy, to,t« 
«V« x«* to x« r«, xa* a* >loi7ra* t£x ?£ diaoraVfOM'. 
£uri fli t« roiavia ov pivov ngbg ifpag, to folio? 
xa* Ti» aotoreoox, xa* to aV« xa* to xotm • -jj*t*V ^o^ 
ovx ail to at;TO, «>Ua xaT« xipr #iW, onotc ay oroa~ 
qmpsp, yirejou. Jib zaixb nollaxig de$wv xou agt* 
o&qiv ten, xal aV» xa* x«tw, xa* ngoa&tv xal brn- 
a&£r. *J& di xt\ amsu duigwxai x&glg txaoxoy. Ov 
fig 0,11 Ztv%* to aV» &r*V, «Ua ottov qp«*UT(n to 
Jfity, *«* to xowpw. 'Qpoiwg <5« xal to xot**, ov/* o,t* 

$f t//f »V «AA* A90V TO ^OXT« /SftOO? X«* T« /«?*?«, o»c 

0* tjJ #eae* dwf>iforra povov, aXXu xal Tijj dvvaptu 
dqlo* di xa* t« pa&ripax*xa. Oim brxa ya*? 4y to* 

3$$* - 0fM0£ XtfTa T9JX *9"*W TJJX 7IfO? *;/««£> *X U #*&* 

xa**.«#*OT£0# ' «3$r* aoroy roHG&** ai-mv vyr &d<rty, 
4**Jistoif%a if vast vovt&v ixaaror. 6.*jBt*, oi to 
Wp»i> ^aaxoyxiff clxa* # xfmov liyotm ' to ^ao xtvbv, 
' *i/pO£ or frij, iatMQtifuvog o&fuxjog* "Or* pip ov* iati 
t+ i 0*,%0Mog nagm rot impart*, xal nay ampa aio&qxov 
M^0O^« <ba Toitwv ivttg vnoiafioi. do$ti$ & av 
mA y&qio&ot oq&mg Myw, noirjvug nowtov to /«m>^. 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



70 ARIST0TEL.18 

lldvxiav fih novnusta j?oo? yeret , aix 
tituxa 

Toi thoVOXtOVOg • 

&g dioy nootxoy inaatai /ttfop *olg ovot, 6ta to *o~ 
uifav, wgneo oi noXXoly navta tlyai nov, xcd 4y 10- 

71 w. 7. Ei d' ioxl xoiovxoy, &avuaot^ tig ay tYy % 
tou tonov dvwfiig , xal nootiqa nayttay • ov yao 
ayev xwr aAAc*? ovdsV Am?, ixctxo d' ayev twy aA- 
Aoiy, avaynTj nqattoy tlyai • ov /ao aftoAAvTot o to- 
tio?, T«r if aixy y&UQOfiivcjy. 8. Ov pip al£ txu 
ye itnoqiav, d eoxi, t* laxt • nbxeqov oyxog xi$ <w- 
patog, v ug kxiqa <pvoig • £r}xijxeov yog to ye?o$ av- 
tov no&xoy. Aiaot4\pata p& ovv «/«* to/o , pjjxof 
xa* nlaxog xal fia&og, olg b$i£txai otoua nay. jlfti* 
yatov di ovtpa toy tonov tlvar iv xavxy yao ay efy 
dvo owpata. 9*J£x* eXneq iotlowpatog tonog not £<»£«i 
disown seal im*puvslag t xai raw Aotfw? acporw* «. 
yo £ avTOf itqpoou Xoyog/'Onov yao yv nooteoop to to£ 
vdaxoQ inlntda, iotai naliy tatov aioog. Alia ft^r 
butyooay ovdepiav fyopey otiypjrjg, xal xonov oxcyp^g, 
"jlgx d pyde xavxqg ioxly 6 tonog eteoog, ovdi xaf- 
allwv ov&evbg, ovd* iotl ti nag utaotoy tovt«w£ 
tonog. 10. T/ /if &V wot* xal &tirjpty slvcu, *Ar 
tiixoy; oite /ao aiei^etov, oiV ex (rrotfcW 0I0V *?* ' 
cW* xoutvxrjy tjovxa <pvoty f qvxe ti»y ompattx&ty 
ovte my aotapdxcov * uiy*&og ptv yao ifou, aiftot $-- 
ovd&y* "Eoxi fie to jum* twv a^^ijTaiv onfuxtuy atot* 
X&a amuaxa * l» dt ivy voqtmy oto*x*i** ovdiy ft* 
yetai uiye&og. ll.'iit* de, xoi t/xoc oV t^ ^<|f 
toT? ovaty aftiov dvai toy xbnov; ovdtpi* yao «£» 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 




PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. II. 71 

XtU vn&Q%*i ttVTW TtaV XSXTCtptOV * OVT* y«0 «? tlXlJ 

kToJ? tlr TUIV ■ Gl'tf**' ;'«;» /£ OIVTOtJ OVvi(JT1)X6V ' OVX€ &g 
elo'ov Xdi Adj^S laiy T/ayfiaxuv, OV& wff T&0$, OtfT« 
K*-rf7 tic dVtck, 12. m 2*ti &, x«* avrog u &m t* T«y 
ojt&j?, nov tit tut ■ 'j ;*«0 Zrivwvog anogim tyxeiTiva 
Xayov* H yiitQ nuv to by iv roitqt, dqXov on xal xov 
tqjtov xinog iarcti" xat tovto tiff anttgav nQOfiow. 

»13. *2fci, ft hi ^ -j h** an ay atop* fr tojt^i, ovjta xal iv 
xanoi an am ooifivt, nmg ovy iyovpiv ntpl xtov uv$a- 
yoftepwv / uvuyx% yuq £x xovxwv avvavSdvso&ai xbr 
xqttov avToIg, t* ju^tv ildaavw, pyxs pti&ov b xokog 
kxuoTov. Ju< fih ovy xovxwv , ov (live* xl iexiv, 

I alloc nut it tuny, unoquv avayxaiov, 
LA PUT 11. 
'JSnel Si, to ph xaQ 3 avtb, xb de xax alio Xiye- 
tui ' aul -tonne h fiir xotvbg, iv eJ anuria ret otofia^ 
Ttt i&Ttr 1 b tY h\iog, iv tp TtQ&xeag • Xiyw $s, olov ait 
vvv iv jot vifuvipj of* iv t$ aigi, ovxog 6*' iv tip 
ovpa>rWj xul iv tw oVoi, ot* Iv t»J yjj • bpoimg de Hal 
hxattttj, ou iv xtnfo t$ romp, bg nsqtixn ovdh 
jtliov, jgf.w* Ml d"i} itiTtv b xbnog xb nq&xov ntqu- 
%qv fxinjTov lav aoifiaiwv, nigag av eh}, "jlgxe do- 
$mv av to tl&og xul ^ poQ<pt) ixdaxov b xonog tlvai, 
tp'bqi&xm to piyt&og, xal i\ vXq ij tov [isyi&ovg* 

TOVTO /«P iXfiMTTOV 7T£p«$. 2- OVTW /MV OW flWO- 

noifffiy b xQTtog to «x«fftot; *Mo$ loviy* 17 3i ^oxcl o 
iGJiQz tlvat 10 ditlaxqpa tov fiuyi&ovg, tj vXy • tov- 
to j>«g tTfooi tow pizyid-Qvg* xovxo d* iaxl to ntqu- 
XQpivov vnb tqv eldovg xal wQiopivov, olov vnb ini~ 
mSov xal -jiitfuiu*. Eaxi de xoiovxov y vXq xal xb 

Digitized by GoOgle 




n ARISTOTKLIS 

iifunev * otaw yiiQ «q>a*OJ#i/ to m p«e **2 ta jtb- 

^ **}$ o<p*Ifag t XilntMt #t>fftV Jiaga t'rjf t»A»,>\ J*o 
>iOi £ JJlaK&p tt)v iky* *«l tip ^aioccr to <itVo f >y~ 
OW efrctt A' tw 7\poU*>' th yig atutl^mrMtn x<nl 
Tt/y/wfar Jy *«$ fetvvoy* &Uoj' c>e too to* ^iI ri 
Xiytow to ftnttltjittutw, xal iw rot? X$yop$¥otq ayq&~ 
<petg doypamr , ofttog tow to to*- *n* T?jy jfOJoap to 
aito curfq^rafo. 3. Aiyotsm pb p*Jo ff7r«PTFi; *7i'«t 
iiTOVT&Jtop' ti d* krtlp, otrflc ^ovog intxiign*** 
dntiv. EixottoQ d' in t&vitoi' GxQTtavp&vQtg &vUtt* 
ay tlvai zedinG? yr*)<ji<Mu, ti four o to roc, rfnty 
xovT*»> oxotifoyovv Artiy, tira #Aij, **T£ to *?o>? # 
«/Uwc t« yap ti/* anootcrtt}}' l#f* ^twotW, xori^tufrif 
ayUjJAwv ov qadiov vklz& ^v-^'ju. 4- _/a>.o iij,p 
o« ye a^watot' ortorspoyoiV ™tJrtor eiphi ray ii- 
7iov, ov jfatafox tfcly to /I**' yiio tlSnq *al ij i»jU/ 
or /wp/^€T«t tov 7iQ(*ypat6g » top Jc totop, frbtyw- 
tar «V ai yap ai|fp ijx, «V ttvrflf t^JI^ 1 vdcuo, we o;cr- 
jucy, ylvtTV*, dmiit&tOTap-GVMr vtlXijlotq lav Ti a4- 
qog xal vdtttog, xttl i&v aXlwr oaiitaiw ti$toiM$* 
"jlgtt owe fioy tov, otrte f&c, <<aa« ^wo*w to* o tojtoc 
tVrr}?' ixfforot/* xai yaqdoxH rimjirop ti eiifki o to- 
Tiof, olo* to ayyGov fort yor^ ro £yyrio* t tot*? 
ptuupoqi\tog * too*' uyyaov ovdh tow nymy party 
lot*?. 5. Hi fdr ovv ^ojomfto^ 1 #ot« tou iwgay^ttrof t 

TClVTfl (lb OVX* lOTl TO 'tT#OC ' t; 0* «T*0-Mjf «l, TMVT J 

hiqog trig vktig. Joxil d$ met to oV tioi/ raiVf o t? ti- 
yoi/ti, k«* ir^ov « AftO$ eri-rov, /^crw^ uohh 
kattior, tl dti -ntaQtnflavtas itjrtfy, Aj « rr urn <v to- 
w^i ta*r^»? x«J ol ctfi&pol, cl-nrg to'fit&rxnitQv a ti 

Digitized by CiOOglC 



_ 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LI*. IV. CAR III. 73 

rcof, tXtt tov fityaXov nal tov pixqov wnog rov ft#- 
$txtixoi>' tftt xyg vk^ f na&dnto iv T« Tiftaiw fi- 
yoaqptv. 6. "jfti, vug av (piooixo tig tov avtov x&- 
ntty, d o tinoq tjv t) vlrj, 4 to tldog* adivatop ya$ 
ou f*% niv%o\Qt W&i to mp» % xdiw toil, ronov that. 
"&£** iqtytiog h to*$ xoiovxoig b tear**?. 7. M d' 
frmvtto b tokos* (6*u yaq 9 tXuso *» f*OQ<pi}, 1} vXrj,) 
tatcu b tvnogh tony ptxafiaXXn yao Spa tw 
nfiyfiatt, xal xivuxcu, xal to $l8og, xal rb aoototov, 
aim am iv t£ aiiy, ak£ evmo xal to itqa^fta' 
&g** tov tim>v taxcu Tonog. 8. Eti, oxav i$ ct&oog 
vte$ ydvqta*, aTzbXwXtv o tonog • oi yaq iv r<j» av- 
rip xon<f to yivopsvov a&fia. Tig ovv rj <p$ood ; 
9* !ES ip pxv tolvvv amyxalov slvai n top ton or, 
xaijxahv & up anoQrjVHtp ap ug avxov ixtql T% oi- 

CAPUT I1L 

* Mtta Si xalxa krjittiov, noaaxmg alio iv aXX<a 
ytvrxai. "Era pip dq tqonov, Ag b SaxtvXog iv trj 
X**fi> *<** b'ltog xb ftiqoq iv tw oXm. *AXXop $i, ig to 
jil&v iv xotg piqtoiv ov ydq iott ixaoa ti piori to 
2&er. *'aXXov 6i tqiitov, wg b av&Qwtog iv £«<», xal 
$Ubq m tI$oQ iv yivn, *!dXXop 8i, mg to yipog Sp 
*$ 9t$tt y xal blwg to ftiqog tot) tl'dovg iv tw tov zt- 
teug Xbyy. "JBt* di, ug iyiua ip &tQfto~ig xal yv~ 
Xf^d *«» olmg to sldog ip ttj $1$. "Bxt, wg ip pa- 
etlti ti tip € JEXlfpmv 9 xal blwg to iv tw noma *ivt)~ 
ti*$* 'jBti, wg ip t$ etya&w, xttl oXwg iv tip tiltt* 
Tovro 6' iatl to ov tvtxtx. Jlavtwv di xvQuAxatov 
tiif iv ayytiy , xal bX<ag to iv tony. % *Anoofir 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



74 AHISTOi KL1S 

OIU d' iv xtg, eiaqa tv xui uvto ti iv tavru ivdt- 
Zerou shah V ov&iv, alia nana jj oi9aitov t ij H 
ally. Jixwg di jovxo Iqtiv t *jW xa&* alro r % 
xa& titoov oxav fiiv yaq j] poQta tov olov, io,r 

iv 4p, Hal TO iv TOVTIjp, itjf tt l]iJFT((t 10 iMOr *V «vtu - 

Xe/eTDM p'wo x<x* xaxct peor it otov It uxor, on % inttpu- 
vBia Is v*rj ' xal imatyftovj on to loyunixov. *Q ph 
ovv ap<poQtvg oix satai iv auto^ ovd 3 o olvog ■ o di 
rov oXvov oifjupoqtvg Saica* o.i ?. yaq t xul eV ri, ««- 
qppi£(>a tov avroif pooia* 3. Oir'^ k£i our ivd&x** 
rai avto xi iv airy tlvctf Tiqcuiwg S* ovx ivdi%i- 
xai* olov xo Xsvxov ivoo^tan. *H {mipitvtwi pay 
iv (JOty*«T*, ^ fl' i7iioTii(AT} iv ipvZf}* Kara Tatvra d' 
ai Tiqogrjyoqim uiqn Svxa, h,t( eV ay&pw/ro)- o o' 
afupoQivg xal 6 olvog, X<*(*^ f l * v orra, ov piny * aum 
di' dioxt oxav r\ fiiqr), taxai uiii iv avnjr ocoy to 
vUuxov fr av&Qtono), on iv tiTj tru'^twT* * x«l £v tov- 
t^, oil & tj} inicpavdu* iv di xavrtj, ov» IV* xut 
aJUo * xa* txiqa ye T$ «$** i«Lrn, xui vXki\v tpvaiv 
fyu Ixavttyov xal dvvafiiv, ?j t im<p(ivttct, xal to Atv- 
<oV. 4. Oir'xe ^ (naxTixwg uxonoww , ovdkv iv 
avxfy oQWfAiv xax' oidiva iw dtoytoptwv ■ tq> tb jto^ 
yq> flijylov, oii adivatav • ^ffja^t ^Sto ««</(J Ttgot tx&- 
tsqov vitaqxuv • olov Toy <<«<./ ffitrf , a/7«of te xai 
olvoy tlvat' xal tbv oIpov, olvovTt x«i ^/j^o^d, *i- 
w«^ ivdsxeicu avxo t* ^y airoi s?yai ■ w$tt ti oti pm- 
Xufza iv aXlriloi$ «7«y, o /jm- tiftqooil'i di$ttm io* 
olvov, oix fi aixog o olvog, cJUi 1 g ixiivog ■ o ^* <ji- 
vog ivioxai iv tuj i(upoQ6t t ou% ^ Afitpoqtvg avro^ t 
aiX* 17 ixslvog afi^qqtvg* Kara uiy ovv to tlvm 

Digitized by GoOgle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 75 

[fo(*©>V ^iox. ^4JUo? yitq b Xiyog o tov iv $, . 
tov iv JQVjy. . 5* IdlXa fiyr oide xutm avpfie*- 

j>$ dvdixsicu* afia ybq dvo (m^axa iv,T(p uvtm 

|w #VTog Tt yap iv airy o u/uqwyevg Ztnat, h 
(pvcug dtxiixr), %qvj tvdszexai iv kuvito tlvcu ' 

m 9 ixuvo ov fcxruiiv • olov, ti qXvov, o ot?o$. 

I/H? ovy idvvaTOV iv kavrw t* Trgwrctfg *7ya*, #1}-. 
6.*0 & Zijyuy q7ro0&, ot* « a Toitog iati t*, 

fvt botch, linv oi xaXmov • ovdi? yao xmkvu, iv 
) (isr sh a i tov noforov totiov, /*»} pivTo* ug iv to* 
K«fr<p , uXli togntq i\ fktv vyiua iv Toig xttofiolg, 

fig, to di &t(ftibv iv t£» oa»/uro, <£ff ftatta?. c ^l$i 

|«ya/xij s*£ ansiQov limit. 7. 'jExwyo $£ qpaye- 
oti «7i«i ow<5iy to ayyuov tov iv «vt£ • (htoof 
to nomatg, o,t$ xal iv <*> •) ovx av sly ovre r\ v- 

T)VT« TO eloo? O TO70?, oli ItCOOV. 'jEXBlVOV /(XQ 

tvTa tov cVoyrog, x«* ^ i/Aif, uvtl *j pop^pi;. Tav- 
ovy tawa duinoQT) pivot. 

CAPUT r lV. 

p fla noT iailv b totto^, wd' £y yivono <pav$oiv. 

fiofitv Si Tttql avTov, Saw £ox«t «JU^to? xa# av- 

MJni^/ay «trfo). ^fiot/fcsy JiJ rov T07icv that, 

tov friv nsoUxov ixuvo, ov Tonog iori* xal (i^ 

tov nyay/AOTog elveti * %u, Toy wowtov totto?, 

! iXaxTQi, yL^it (*fii{(» * hi, [pJlTt] anoktimo&ctt 

tov, nal xtupufTov nobg di tovtou;* nivraTO- 

I %X*w lb aVw mm* to mciiw • xa+ yiqio&au q>voti. 

I pivuv iv tdig oixnotg Tonotg txaoiov Ttav atafiu- 

tovto ii nomv, rj itvat, ^ notTw. 2* c 2Trox«- 

' o^ Toifrcay , t« Zoittci ^Bcj^xiov. Ju Si n&- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



76 AKl&TOTBLIS 

oao&ac xr t v axiyip ovxm noiua&tu , owcuf xb %l tern? 
artofo&ijfftm- vgre xa r« inooovuira lisa&ctt, not 
xa Soxovpxa vniqXHv tif tint*, ima^x**** Sor«* 
xal m, to xqg Svaxoliag atxtor, xal x«y ntol avxbv 
anooiifuixM, taxca yotvtqov • ovin yixq &p xallun* 
dt$xpioixo i'xavxov. 3. Jl^enop fth ovp d&xarapo- 
ijocti, on ovx aw ifyxelxo o xiixog, u ay xlpyoig xa) 
t\v 7] xaxa rbnop * Sta yao xovxo xal tip ovoarbp 
uaXtaxa oiout&a ip xonq, bxi etui iv xtpqmt. Toti* 
%r\Q 6$, xb air opooit, to d* avtyaig *«* qt&iaig* **t* 
yao ip trj av'iijOti xal <p&lou uextxftdllei, xvti bntf 
tiqqxsqop %v irxav&a, ndliw ut&wxtjxtv tig Starrer 
i] uii^ov, *'E<txi £c xwovaepov, xb per xa& avxb ivtf* 
ytia, xb di xaxa ovfA t 3efit]x6$ • xov Si xarit avpfltfa* 
xbg, xb pip ivdtxofttvov kwug&ou xa& avxb, ol*r 
xa ubota xov ao\fiaxog t xal b ir xw nloia ijAov * ?£ 
fl' oix ivd%x*t** y <*> oiU' aid xaxa ava/kft^xbg • oW 
y iBvxoxtjg, xal ij imaxyuri • xavxa ya$ ovx*} fietm** 
(fipXijxs xbv xbnor, cm iv ^ V7tao%ov<ji uixafialXu* 
4- 7 £ml Si kiyouep etroti *>g iv xiny x*> ovoavy, Sti~ 
xi> ip t« aiai, ovxog d* ivxm ovompjf * xal iv tw Of* 
de, ovx ip ixapxi • alia , dia xb taxftxor avxov xal 
ntouxov, ip r£ aiqioyauiv clroi* **/«£ bxag b «qf 
xonog, ovx ip loot tXr\ inaoxov b xbnog, xal txuaxop* 
Joxti di ye laog thou, Toiovxog d' 6 nottx+e ip $ 
ioxip. 5. "Oxap aep ovppii diijQfjuivvr jf xb n*Qtix**r 
alia ovpBxk, ovx *? * v vvrwmi Idytxa* ip ixtlvy, iti! " 
coc piqog ip oAqi * bxap Si dijiftjfiivop y nal amen** 
vov, ip TXQMXw iaxl xtpi t<u tv/axy xov Ttsodzopiog, •• 
ovx ioxl aiyog xov iv avxy ovxog, ovxt ft&to? xo+ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



. 



PHYSIC A USC. LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 77 

oWarTJjuctro* , &XI* iaov* if yaq T(p avtif to tayaxa 
my ujtTQiiirttir. K&l avytxig tiiy ay, ovx h ixtivto 
jttvtjiatf ut.'t.vt a;T txttvov diyfypiyov tii, $y ixiivia. 
Kml day is xtytjxat tit *r££«[f©y, iuy Tf ftt) t ovdiv *jt- 
tot- *Eti J 1 , Stttr fty dtrftfifUror jj, tog ftigog (y 
oiy Idyexat - olov v? tV t£ oy&alpi* ^ oyng, ij 4v 
t£i Qwpaii tj x**Q' Or ay d& ditjoqpivoy r tt oloy h 
Tfj# xuddoi jo vdwQ t ij ii> tw utQupiif o ©fro? • t) per 
j'a^i %itfj « £Tri Toy rpwy-<ros wmTat, to b*iv8mfiy 
Tf*i *«#&«. 6. '//Jjj toii'vv qwvfQev ex tovtwy , it 
iativ o tojto?. .TjffJoy j*«o. T£tT«^« low, wy avayxy 
Toy tonov tv t* tlvai * $ yag /100 <)p*f, *J »i.ij t ij 0*4«- 
tf r^uw f* to jiif Tu;i; tcuv &F£0Tfc>P> j} t« aojfttia, at jKij 
fori /i jj^ij' dittorrjtjtt ti aga tjm fdi tyywapivov om/Mt- 
ro$ f*4yt&og. Toirtay ft* Su t& to/* ovx iydtx^tu 
>itui, ipartQoy. IdlXa dti fih TO 7l(QM%UV , doKU f| 
t iio^#] u>Kt * & T^"i ffUTM /«£ t« 4a^aT« iwtr niQid- 

/OJTGff Ktf* TDLJ TT^IfjfO^^OV. *jBoT# JMCf ©W Aff^tt 

/f ^< r« , aJU' ou xoi fit' ray • ' <*U« to jar €*6o?, toy 
STfltf/IJtflTOf- <>i lOTTO?, TOV TrtOA&orTO? O0\tt«T#f. 

7- ^a tfc to fittafiakXtiv xoXiattig pirov%tg toS *m- 
ytixartus to wt^ifx^fifroy *etl bhy^mfUvoVy Joy £ 
uyytlav vitapj to fi Erath tlyvi TiZoxu 9tastt^p.a, VK 
»* tt ^ooi t& r/oi/iK to ntfriarifisvQv. 7& d\ oS» 
mr, aAAr« -to ti'^oj 1 t)uiim£t a&pta %mv p*&ioT*n*~ 
vi*r t u at fijiitti&at my t^OTWV. 8. A* 3' ^ f» » 

6W tfT^ju» to TTR/nif i*, xai /t^or iif t^l «viy to™, 
mmtgot fiv vauy tonvi' pt&Mtxctfmyett y«f iw «;oW- 

Ito^, >:«! tou airiof, to avTO 7n»|j««»T«i ^io^t« «fi»rra 
/*> t^ ijAu*, ott^ aVorr to v'6W^ ir TfTM// 8 ^" *^* 
Digitized by G00gk 



7S ARISTOTELIS 

Si xal o xinog «<rrat ptxapdXXwp. "Slgx* lotou xa\ 
iov toTiou mlXog vinos, xal noXXol xonoi Spa taov- 
xat. Ovx tor* de iilkog xonog bxov poolov, ^wju- 
vurai, oxap xo %Xop ayyiiop yLtM^x^xo^t, aXX % o <ru- 
toV h <p yaq ioxvp, anipeOiatatcti, 6 arjo, xal 10 
vSwq, xal xa pifHt xov vSaxog, dXX' ovx iv ta ylvov- 
tat T07io}, 0$ jusoo? £ot* tot; tohtov, 05 Ain tottos S- 
ioi/ iov ovyapov. 9. Kori ^ vXr\ Si Soltup av ilnti 
xonog, tX ye h tjot/tovrtl xig axonolrj, xal firj *«/»- 
Qiopivu , aXka ovvt%*i' ilgnfo yao u aXXoiovxah 
tort xlo vvv per Xbvxop, naXtv Si uiXar* xal vvv fdf 
ouirjooy, wakw Si palaxOv Sto (pupiv tlvai xi rr t p 
iXrp>' ovzw xoh o xoncg Sti xotaixtjg two? ilvat So- 
Htl y&rxttoiag. XlXi)p ixtifro pip , dton o i\v aift, 
xovxo pvp vS&f h Si xonog, oxiol $\v Hig, 4pxa$- 
W tort, pvr 4&*>0. *AkX *) ph &Xtj, wgntQ &iz&n & 
xolg nQOviooig , *ikt x«*Qt<n>) xov Tryaynociog , ovn 
ntqUxovaa* o Si rinog, apyti. 10. it xotwp /tif— 
Sip rovxiov wv tom*? 0' xonog i&fi, prjts to tlSog, 
pffxt y vXij, pyxt Staoxijpa, <**£ %i ttoaoxov* txtqor 
nmqm to %ov noaypaxog xov p*&ujxapivov t avuyxi) 
top xvnop tlvai to Xombv xmp xeoaaotip, xo itiqas 
iov ntqtex opxog viiftaxog* Aiym Si xh ntgitxopBvo) 
vipa, to xiptjtip xaxit xpoqav. 11. Joxsi Gipsy* 
xt dpav xal %mX*nov Xyf&rjrai x6nog f dui t«' to 
mxqtpyakta&at xyy vlyp xal xty (JtoQtyijp, xal I 
jo iy ^c/tf#t)m ty weoi^orti ybto$ai xijv firtiata- 
out xov **ft>p9rov~ ivdtxto&ai yaq (potfotxai ttpm 
duxextyim ptxaSv alio t» x&v Xipovpiptav [nys$$p 
SvppallBxai 8t xi ioor| & iij^, doirSy aa^paxog Av*u 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. V. 79 

^patWrcu yitq ov fiovov ra niqata to v iyyelou thai 
i T<S:rot,\ alltt xal to fjfTOt^v ov, wg xtvoy, 12.*JE- 
Gti> y ciic^Tty to iyyuov tonog ftetatpootjtbg, ovttog 
to 7i of ayyilov tf^cittKjV^vop. /^*i, oray juey £v 
xtyovpevw rt atyifttu, xal [istaflaklji to if tog f olov 
lv Ttotafi^ nXoiov, wc tiyytlta lotjTat (iaXXov rj toltta 
7h> 7ifo*e)fqrTi. 2/otUtiut yoiQ axlyr\Toy elvai b tonog* 
fob b rtti*; pulktiit norafibg xinog, oti axiytjTog o nra?. 
"&$tt to too ntQuxopjog nioag auivrjtoy ttowtov, 
lovt tajiy b joxoq. 13. A«i <5*« to£/to to piooy 
tov ui'mo'(H' f Xf'tt to \*r/ v aiov to noog fjfiag tyg xvxXto 
(fo^ti^y tioxu sty vet, to it&y ilyttiy to tii xeitta, p&XiOTU. 
it*ot xvutoig, oil to fiiv aUl piytty tov &i xvxXov to 
toga tor wQtxvttiig \'%qp }iiv%i% Stgt iitei to (tsv xov- 
f 4ot'j to (Ai'ot (f r you-N ■>*■ ian tpvou, to de fiaqv to xa- 

TW t TO ph TZQO^ TO ftitJOp TUqUxOV fUQttq, XatOi JOtl, 

Kizt avrb to ftitiov to b*i -rtobg to $o%atoy, &y<o, nttl 
vtuib to EOjf«ro»'' nrxl dim tovto doxu friinztiov ti 
that , at** oio^ a^/ela? b totto* *a* 7W£*«;rov. JEt*, 
a tut tm nQayptxTt Titag xetl b tinog* &pa yag rip *r«* 
TtiqttopirM t« 7l«^(eTtt- ' ^ 

CAMT V, 

**ttt f«* ov*' o«5juwTi &rrii t*. Ikto£ owpa ntotixov 
aito, Tovio iortp ir roTftj* £ Slfifj 9 ov 4 fob Kay vdtao 

»;Tfti rotor ra, Trt ^fv po^M* xwijarrw «*«tov* ni- 
otixsTctt ya# vn aXktjAutr. li dt n&y, cctti ph &g 
KfyqoiTat, %aTt fl 5 w,* ov* ig (*& yaQ oXov &(ia tby 

TQ7TOV OV fAlT&fiaXXtl ' JCWWl© ^€ «»^OCTtf< * T«5f /IO- 

^iwy /oto ovroj o to?to?" jcoJ aVw ^i^ *** x«tw, off* 
kuxA^ 5^ iVta. 7 a (^f £y« K«i *«rr», [iraJ] ooa dr 1 * 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



60 AKU TOTALIS 

ntmvtMHp uul park****. "Jlgmsf i' &*X&Ht ** pto 
iiftir 4v tiny xaia divttfttr, fit ds nut ivifyu**. 
Ju>, oxar (iiy evr^ig p rt> opojopef if , *«** dvyapiv 
h rontA tm tiiqq. "Otmv Si x**Qi0&y ph, eim^tai & 
ii^mq owqbg, nmt iviqytHty. 2. Kml %!* p*y *«& 
aini 9 oior nav tftyto, % *«r« tpoqctr, if *«? vvfyM 
.tuyytev *v& uitb rr#t/. V> $* oiptybg., *Kntf tiqij- 
7tUf ov nov oXog $ ovd* & uyi ron<* fcr*r v 4l yt pij- 
div aiiioy vtoxixH vmpu. *Etf tf de xtriiTOt, t«v*<i 
xal tonog iitrl tolg poffoig • htosy yinm izifov £i- 
ptyoy i&¥ fioytoip Arii* tor £t tuxra *tftifl*fin*b$y o*w 
»j yt/jW, *«♦ 9 0Hpwo$ * t« yip /11004a 4* towm jtw^ 
Tnxyra * im t£ xvtdt* yif n^t^H aXXo alio. Jn 
xiyuxcu fi$y xvnXtf flovoy tb inm • to 6* nar f ov jw* 
jo yif nov avxi it fori ii, *•* 2m aiio t* tf« fftw 
agfa Tet/ro, h ^ o mquxH. Jim^it di *i nStv *w 
oJUr, ovd&y law e£(*&tr tov nenmie. 3. X«$ &« 
tovto ir *£ QvQjuitjf xivtM' Joyitq oiowbg z<> nit* 
taw?, 'iim Aa o T«*or W'* • ov^ #w> cUla iov «w- 
4W0tf t* xo iejtcti*?, uml itmopmoyxov nty^xov m- 
fiatog niQug rjqtfiovy xal diet t*£to, 19 ptv 7*}, & 
tw tfdart, tovto i*^ Ty nty, ovtog d* iv tip aidiqt, 
y ai&W & *4 ovqttvtf, h$* oiqmrie ov* srt if 
tillff. 4- &(***Qir &i im Tourer, ot* x«« «{ a^ofto 
niaou Xmmi £*, qvt& hyofUvov tpv vonov * #in 
yio avwv%a*4*$(H a*iy*n fif m«o^ wfrf oTf^f 
<Z^f linar, ovu&io amp at* 4* %& ubtif town, vfn 
diiinipi t* ««yji* wopmtMir* 2mpa ymq to //ef*$t 

TOl) TOTIOV TO TtUTOn «U* <W di*m91fU*4MftMT1>$- ttffi 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 






PHYSIC. AUSC, LIB. IV. CAP. VI. £1 

TQ 7lSQff$ ty T 61 71 ETTtfjIMFflivipt (>V ^Afl »£* «0 •* 4p 

Tcf/ru, tfiUa to jttyjjrtfy Qtafta. 5* iC«* <JP«pff«* fli} tig 
toy uvjov lOTtoy ixttiiTny t tykiyw $ yOQ iq>t^ 
xm uxviptvov ftii fiia t ovyytmi* ml 0*pm<pv*iw 
pip, £nt*&ii m umopivv di, na&qwta noil ftoujfiw 
uklrfluir. Kal iitvti, *)v, yvtjti fjiy fr t» otxfup l»n^ 
fMOtttW, QVX iU(!;'w; * Xtti pafl T0 ptf Of T^lt ^T oAq> 

jqi tojt^, wi? Jini^n-w /it pa? fffo? $l*v &9ri» m •!•*, 
if tar udctioi Htvtjtfij Hh uo/jiap, $ atffltf, $. Otftu 
It Mdl o aqp \%h ii%Qi$ vSwq * olo? trlii yiq * ?o At, 
t ido* * xo ^tv vdtno vi >j riff afc o S$ mifo Qtov &cf- 
y*rtt IK exuVoir- to 7«^ i(J«f Svyapui e^£ ioup, 6 
3 txijo dwtxpn v&gkj uklop iqoticv. Jtoqimipv $e 
m*f* ittvjwv voi toot: J £X*\t* &« top ttmifop apiyxti 
jtd* d-iiuy* Mt*ffw$ diwv $ri4sv, %6x ear** *«?«- 
4iUQOV> £t ovy to etttto % jjjLj *al q ivr$X4%ua' (v- 
top ymt> Sfufui ' ilka to uiv Swap**, *• & Irrcit- 
**i^ ') *jfo> a* utg ttoywr nwq Ttqig bkop. Jw *a» tow- 
tq4£ <x<py tan- wptpvuif de f OTfpr ap^i* drtf yety & 
yivwrtvt* Km ntyl piv toxqv , *a* ev* 4**^ xa# f < 
iirttv, ifyjiTai* 

CAPUT It 
Toy uvioy di zowov vTtelqmfar &***«£ ywrt- 
*e£ #im^j|c» *at mpt jcevoVj f J few, $ f«f • xaln&g 
dmv r tj t* friw, w^ntf Kad irfft ioi vtnov nett y£$ 

TJfXQdTfitHjtaV EtfU Tljf Tf i.f7T J0f far, JCOfJ T^ Itfowr, 

wkrtft*£ pi* *lvm t otav fyf! *i* $pu>p r pi Benrmfr 
Arist. Puts. Also, ' F 

Digitized by LiOOgle 






82 ARIST0TEL16 

xivov xal 7tXi)Qt± xal tojxqv. To 3* tlvai avxats, at* 
xavxo fir. Q.AqSttti&tti fle ffrt xys axitpzwg Xttfiov— 
aw, a xt XiyovGtr ot opaaxorng ilrat m xal nafoy at 
Xiyovaw oi fit} tpdoxavxtg it vat * xal rubor, xag xot— 
rag do Sag negl avxlav. Ol ftiv ovy Suxvvvai 7mp«w- 
(MroioTi ovx Zxjth , qv% o fiavlovxai Xdyuv ol uv&oto- 
noi xtror, xovxo iUXeyxovatr, alX 1 o apagxavovxt? 
Xsyovoiv, w$n*Q 'ArttlttyoQtxSj xal ol tovxov top t^o- 
nor iliyxorxsg* 'JZnifiEixvVQvm ya$, on i$ti xt o £*)$, 
OTQtpXovvtfQ rovg txifxois, xal deixvvorxtg t w$ la^v— 
oog o atjQ, xal iraTroXapPdvovxtg iv tats tdstf-vfiovtg* 
Oi d* ar&Q<o7iot flovXovxat xtvov tiratt dtdaxTipa, ir 
ot prjdir ioxi o&p a al&&qTQV r 3- Oloptvoi te jo or 
anar uvat o&fta, <paoh iv w oXtig pyfiiv ioxtj tavt 
slraixsvor' Sio to jrXitqtg uEQQ$ t xtyov elvat. Ov* 
ovr xovxo du ftaxyvyat, oxt ioti xt o ayo, aX£ on 
ovx $ro dtdax^ia txeyov ray a&pdxtav t ovu z «£*- 
oxov, out* iv.sqyEin ay, o 8i(tXapftuv£t to nay awfia ■ 
Sgf sfrcu pij ovvExi V. xa&aittq Xiyovai Jijuoxotxa? 
xal jdtvxrttnoQj xal I'tfqqi noXXol xwy qusowXoytov, i 
xal ef xi s$<oxov narxig otofiajog iariv, bvxog ffvrt— 
Zovg. 4. Ovrot fih ovy ov xaxu d-vqa$ noog to 
nqo^Xr^a iimvx^aty^ aXX' ol qtdaxovxtg that, pal- 
lor. Aiyovat $s t tv uiv, Ext % xivqotg 7} xaxd to'ttvp 
ovx ar ify * auxJi &* iaxl qpoge* xal aifrfw?- ov yna 
Sir 00x0/3 slrai xlyrjatg, ti py j\ xtvor- to yaa ttiij- 
oxg advraxoy tlrai 5$ao&m* d M Hilatjo, xxl e<rt* 
9vo iv t$ aixfy, iydizoix* av xal anovaovr a pa tlvat 
ompaxa * xtjv yho dwttpogay, dt i\y ovx av iVy ti 
A*j?0fr> ovx Max iv t In tit, Kt fc xovxo irdixnat f *mk 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. VII. 83 

to ofitxgoxaxov di$f.xat xb uiytoxov* noXXa yag xa 

fnxga xb uiya iaxlv mgx' tiitoXXa Joa ivdixexativ 

tavtta thai, xal noXXa avtoa. 5. MiXiaaog pvv ovv 

xal Stlxvvaiv, oxt to nav axivtjxov, ix xovxav • tl yag 

xtvrjatxaiy avdyxij that, <pr\al t xtvbv • to 9i xtvbv, ov 

twv ovttav. 6. "Eva uiv ovv tgbnov ix tovxttv 3ei- 

xvvovotv, oxt iatt xi xtvbv, SXXov d' t on q>alvovxat 

btux avvtovxa xctl ntXovutva • oloy xal toy olvov <)pa- 

at utxit x&v aaxMv dixta&ai xovg itl&ovg, wg eig xa 

ivovxa xtva ovviovxog xov Ttvxvovfibvov atapaxog. 

"fit* <fe xotl i\ avtyoig doxil yiyvto-S-at naat dta xtvov' 

tijv uiv yag xgo<pvv thai owucc • Svo de ow porta a- 

Svvaxov Sua that. 7. Magxvgtov 8i xal to mgl 

tffg tdq>gag noiovvxat, % dixttat loov vdatg, oaov to 

tityyuov to xtvbv ov. Ehat 6 3 eyccoav xal ol llv&a- 

yognot xtvbv, xal ineiotivai avxb to» ovgavw ix xov 

thctigov nvtvpaxog, wg av avanviovxt • xal to xtvbv, 

8 9wgl£ei tag tpvaug, ag ovxog xov xtvov x^Qtouov 

ttvbg tmv itpt^g, xal Tt)$ Stogfottog * ual tovt f7- 

-ww ng&tov iv toig agi&fioUg • to fag xtvbv diogi£uv 

'$$? qtvatv avxav. *JS| iSy uiv ovv ol uiv <paotv tl- 

**tfi> el ©*' ov <paot, oxtdov toaavta xal totavxa iaxt. 

-* \ % ^ CAPUT VII. 

V*- ^ JIgbg Si to, noxigwg %x H > && Xafiiiv, tl or^ialvti 

*ftm*6ua. Joku 6*7) to xtvbv xbnog that, iv w urjdiv iaxt, 

~1f&VHiv d* afttov, oxt xb ov otaua oVovxat thai • nav 

jt&ifUffta 'iv tottm* xtvbv tit, iv to xonco ^r\biv iaxi 

*49^#. Iz^t* t¥ nov pi} iati o&pa, xtvbv that ivxav- 

"*♦*. £&f*a 6s Ttakw Snav ofovtat that aitxbv. Tot- 

ftftor'tH', *8 iav %XJI flfyog tj xovyotrjta. 2vfi(lalvu 

P digitized by GoOgle 



84 MMSTOTEM& 

qvv fr wM#yi*pQV tovxo Etvttt xtpw, ir $ pt/i)*r ivu 
0OQV lit ij xotupo*. T«vt« t^i- ou* f WiTtt(j 1 1 no tin 
nod mq6i*qw, Ik aulXo/ia^ou cvpfiabu. 'Aionw $i> 
m\ if aT*/f*^ ¥**oV del yif i a.r ov el t'ctit i* at ao'tfjit iu r ' 
for* fofrttyMt «JrTOV, 2- --/*** ov* yalitTat Uyt- 
a$cn TO **yo* Sw^te? ffoViui-, to J17J ttX jjoec cuad'q- 
tov owp<xTA$, x«ra rijy ayijv " (turf q top $' tot* tttro 
lip* Supiiv fi fiaqpe %xa# n&l koi'^ot^im. ,/to x«r 

a7IO£l}tf«*e Tlfc *i Off pal&r t ct i>>t to iWut ijftu XQ&~ 

/*<*, ij^oqpov, TfQTfgw miw, ij o£/ ^ 3Wov, or* » 
mc? dixotro a&(A* mwim y xfyov tivnf tl Si ^ ou. 
$.^4Uaif di T$inov> i* 9 pij *65e t2, tir,&* ovalm ih 
Vkipaxixi} • &o qxwi TW*£ t~h«t rA x£»'o>' ij>*' rwy tf«* 
pari*? vA^y, ofoe£ *** tottov to a wo tovto ktyo*- 
j*£ 9 ai xaX&s • tj jUsy y$o i'JL-i) ov jfwo*ar*/ nu» ooi/ib- 
TW to $ k«*ov bpavat* <ws jpuojoroj'. 4 * *Jt**l 
£4*«* 7**f* tov *an#v oWp'<>™** x«lw xm'av tb*4p 
4wi(y*i| cW*» t* wrr** 4v**$i>\piv&* awpmo$* iJn-o* 
0* x«* v<w ^oti, ftfU mfa ©vh tattr* ilyijT&i * <p*tvt$w 
£o«y], ot*. ovt**^* *«yo*ov* eot*?, oSm xtx&Qiap*- 
yov» rff* ajjw^aww * to j'io it* par, oA ff£pa t aJtfa 
<nij**FQ€ faiO«ltjtl<» 0omUtch ciret*. 5. zfto *«* vo 
xtvov dox«t t* cTya», 5r* jmk) o roxog, *w* flu* t<* «tif n. 

"&KUjt(t(i #ji IttVqWf */ Xtttf* tOTTti F, K«i If»7 S h TOf toTroy 

gpawaVM? #?*«/ w TUt^fi t« tsw^ant to ^TtiWvovftf, 
X«2 TfUff TO KCWflK. u^TAOF d« X^Tj9lfitC orWrai ItfOt 

tixeyiv, ovt«M[ <3f 4v yK^ritoif 4 to? to J* ff* f*V 
olov to* tonar qtaoifuw tiyftt. 6. Ovittfifa I* «- 
viiy*r), u w* *hftyttc* thou xtvov> "(Jl&q piv »3r 
a^aoi]^ xiyjj'aws, #«l^wc f ^<* o tt«tl Mihvao* R*~ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AtJSC. LIB. IV. CAP, VIII. 85 

&tr ' ttlAowvo&at yao irHx^ttn to Ttlyosg. 'Alice tiij 
ov^s t^v xatvt Tonav xhiflw fy** Y a Q vnsldvat 
&lii\loi£ iv&i%tTm t QvfitvQG Svtog dtttOX^fiaxog jtfW^t- 
mov naga tb tiMfima i« xcvovfitra. Ka* tovto dt)- 
lav *al 4r tw*s xttv avvrfw* Mvatg, wgntg xal iv xalg 
xwr vy$wv+ 1, '.Evdixet&t di xal ltvxvov&&ai, pi} tig 
to xiybv, alia Sta to ta ivovxa htoVQiprfttw * olov 
vdatog tjvv^kifiQpbvav f to* ivorta ixiQa • xal ai$avt- 
tifrut, oi povw ttcrioVto? xivog, ocllcc xal otXXomosi, 
oW ** i$ vfimog ylvono «t/£. "Oltag dk b',ts irt(il trig 
ai$it*MftiS loyog , xal xoit tig xrjvxippgar iyzeofiivov 
vdttTQs, t*vrog wvxir {(mQ&ifci. "H" yaQ ovz uvZdvt- 
jut oitovv i) ov rjoifittti' ?} {v$iz$tai dvo awftaxa 
h rm avxy sir at * (a^roolar ow a&ovot xocvx]v Iv- 
Uv t all* oi5 atror dttxrvovotv mg Km?,) % itav sir at 
io tfwuu vruyxftlov xsrov, A ndvTy avS&vexai, xal 
otv$uvtxai 6*t& nwov. *0 tf * uixbg loyog xal ini xrjg 
tiif.iiu..\ "Oti (lir ow t; tov dtixrv&vat rb xtvbv tlvoti, 
Xvftr qftkov, yaviQor* 

CAPUT VIII. 

"Oni' ovh toxt xtvor ovxco xexwQiop&vov, wgtnol 
qprw, liytofitv naltr - n ydo 4<niv btdaxov tpood tig 
t5? wimp owft&TMr tfvatt, olov, tw nvql piv av& 9 
t jj $i yt} x«ra>, xai nqhq xb pioov, dylov oxt ovx av 
to xtvbv tVy atxtoy xt}$ <pooag. Tlvog ovv aVrtov to 
nrrot / AokcI yttg ettnov ttrat xivyosox; xi\g xara to- 
iiqv * xavnis d * ovx etinir. 2. "En, n taxi xl, olov 
xortog itfxzQ-rjpivog oroS^ttiuff, Star i; xtvbv, nov oio&rj- 
atxm xoirrt&h tig alio a&fia; ov yaq di] tig anav. 
"O d 3 avtag X6yo$ xal nobg xovg row x6nov Aval xt 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



S6 AK1STOTELIS 

oiopsvovg xexwQiopdvov, eig or (pigetai • nmq ydg oU 
o&ijoetai to tvte&ev, % fuvsif Kal negl tov &vw xal 
xdtu, xal negl tov xevov, agpooet o avxbg Xdyog &» 
xox&g* xb ydg xevbv xonov noiovotv oi <pdoxovx*g 
elvai. Kal nag drj iveoxai, tj iy tona 1} 4v xm %&>$,- 
oi ydg avfifiaivei, oxay oXov te&tj, dig tv xex&giofUvip 
tonta xa* inopevovti, a&fid tv. To ydg fiegog day pq 
Xtaglg xi&rjxai, ovx tot at, iv xonto, aXX' iy tw oi«. 
"£th ei pride xonog , ovdi xevov i'oxat. 3. ^VfijSaivu 
de xolg Xeyovoiv etvcu xevbv, d>g dvayxalov, elneg eoxm 
xlvrjoig, xovvavxlov fiaXXov, idy tig intoxony, py &- 
dexta&at xivua&at fiydev, idv y xevov • [wgnsg ydg* 
ol did to Ofiotov (pdfitvoi (xafy tijy yqv ygeftevv, ©5* 
too? xctl iy toi xeyta dvdyxy r)onfjiuv • oi ydg iatty «nr". 
pallor ij r\ttoy xivr\&r\oetai' ]\ ydo xevbv, ovx $$u 
dicupoQoty.] 4. Hototoy (riv ovv, oti ndaa xbr^y^ 
^ (ilq, r] xaxd (fvoiv • dvdyxr\ 8t, av neg rj ftiaiog, «T* 
vai xctl tjjv xatct q>voiv. *H (uv ydo fiiaiog nagd- 
qyvoiy, t) ds nagd (pvoiy, iotiga tijg xaxd qpvotv.. 
%, Jlgxe el pi) xaxd (pvaiy ioxly exdaxat xdtv (pvoixwv otf- 
(idxtay xivrjoig, ovde xwv aXXtov sax at xiyjjoewy ovde- 
pla. Alld ptjv, <pvoei ye ntog eotai, (itjde/uug ovoifS 
diatpogag xaxd xa xevbv xal to dneigov; y p&y yd* 
anevgov, ovdev eotaixdtto, ovde «Vw, ovde fieooy* f* 
Si xevov, oidev diatpegoy to xdxta xov «Vw Sgrnf 1 * 
ydo xov fifideyog oidepla iaxl diayogd, ovnag xal to**\ 
fit} or tog. To Si xsvby pi} iy xi, xal oxig^aig b*owet\ 
elvm. 'nfie (pvasi yoga, 5td(pogog * Sgx* sotai td <pv&&'- 
b*id<poga. "/I ovy ovx eotMpvpet ovdapov ovdeyl atogdf 
?j ei tovt tatty, ovx tor* xevov* 6. "JSti, vv¥ p*v n** 1 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 87 

ruxut xi (imovfitva, xov aotxvxog ovx anxoftipov, 
% 6$ irtrntgiaxnow, &gu%g Zvtol <f>aoiv, r\ dice to eJ- 
&uv xov (ov&tvra uiga &<**%& xlrrjow xi\g xov tao&iv- 
xog qpogag, rp ipigtxtu dg top oixiioy xotiov* *Ev di 
%<p K&fp ovdiv xovxm irdix*x<H vnbgx tv »> ovd* eorcn 
qtfyto&eu, &l£ % wg xb oxovperor. 6; "En, ovdtig 
09 iz 0i dniiv, diet xi xw7)&iv oxfjoexai nov; xi yag 
pallor iyxav&a rj ivxav&a ; &gx fj ijgeptfOH, rj dg 
ojuiqov avayxr] <pigeo&cti, iar py xi ipTrodiorj xgux- 
W. 7. *Ex* di, viv pir dg xb xtvbv , dUt xb vtmi- 
%W 4pioBO&cu doxu, hf di %<* x«yw, nctrxjj bpoitag xo 
xoiovxoy Hgx* navxy oUj&ijo*xcu. 8/i'r* di xal 
At x&*d* (pavsgbv xb leyopsvov • bgtapiv yag xb avxb 
fiigof xal oStpa d-axxov (ptgopsv**, Sia dvo etixictg • 
4 x£ duxyigsiv xb di ov, olor, St vdaxog, ij yyg, y 
ifyog* rj Ty d unpeg ew xb (psgoptvov, av xalla xav- 
lit vnagxfj, dti xijv insgoxk* T °v fagovg y xi\g xov- 
^pixyxog. To pip ovv di ov tpsgetat atxior, ort ipno- 
ti&u, palutxa pip apxupsgopsxop, mtixu di xal pi- 
vot • pallor di, xb (iq tidiaigtxop. Toiovxop di xb 
nmx^fegor* To drj &p ov a, oiodrjOBxeu dii xov /?', 
fir 4a? 9 y xqovov • dia di xov d>, Ismoptgovg or- 
M& *b* $q? <p e, d loov xb pijxog xov jf xip d', xaxa 
9^ avaloyiar xov ipnodi£opxog otapaxog. "Eoxia pit 
fify xb per (? vdvto, xb di $ ar\g - ooto dy lenxoxe- 
fir Aitf vdat0g, xctl aamftcrxux$Qov, xooovxip &axxov 
th a dia xov V oladyovtai, y dt a xov (f. Exhm dr\ 
W uittb? loyov, ovmg duanjxsw Ayo nobg vdiag, xb 
ti&0£ ngbg xb xaxog. "Jlox d dtitlaamg Itnxbv, iv 
tmlaety XQW<? *k* T0 P dUtaiy, rj xt\v xb tf. Kal 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 




8* AR1STOI KLIS 

i&ioti » iff fa y xovva? tittrkaQior t&v (tp w «*. JCctJ 
««♦ ty, 0061 ay ti'ij aow^ffTWTeoOr n«t fjrrfl* ipftodt- 
annoy, ual suoWtpswrfpo* 6Y ov qpipEroi , J^ofTTO* 
o<4r&i}<7£T«t. To (Je xwof, oudira i^n loytty it vnngi- 

jfCTtt* 1/Jffr TOlJ ff<U^Hro^ "ji^TT*^ OtSfti TO /iqft£? TTpOf 
TO* CtQl&ftOP * tt J>«Q Ttf TfTTtf£« TUV TflfW*' ir.T*£^f f* 

iv*, nltiovtii toIv dvdiv, xal ¥n jav hog nltt^m, % 
to%v dvolv tou Si. uni&trhg ov* et* f>« Xoyov « r- 
7t£fi%H' avayxr} yao fttatqutf&M to vne^ixoy, tig tt 

TtJV VntQOXyv* * fl * **£ TO VTTFQZXOfltvtlK "JI^T* tOTff* 
T« 16Tt&ya O-Q-Qi TF VTTtfJtjfH *ff& OtflfcV, ^O, OL«lM 

yoapM ouy^q vjTHn'xtt, d pq avyxttra* In Gityp&r. 
Oftbkog de *«t to xoq* rroo^ to ^tA^o*g ovSiyct Mr 
t« e/fiy Ao/oy wgz &vU T ifv xtyrjvtv. 9. UkX* « 
dia tov X&ttoiatav tV roti^dl tyy TOff^fo ipAocrflu, 
diit tov utrov, itayjbg vJitQfiiXXn Xoyov. *j£<ftu y&Q 
to £ xsyby, laov di ™ piyi&ti ioig ft nul $ * ™ titf 
ad £<Wi» nat mv^TJonm fiiv h'y rtyi ZQt>*($ t tm fy* 
ov V, fr ikaxjavi ftk> % ju i<p ov t f xat TQitror *f» 
TOvXiyov ib*xsvQ¥7tQog to nXijatg. *Ak£ ir fttroifrf 
XQovy, Za4e V ov to t{^ tow d' to «' Afctfrt TJJ* tff 
# . JU*n di ys t nap ij t* Afjttotijr dtatpigoy roV 
aioog i<p q> to f ', Tcwrqv T^y «y«Ao^«tf^ ^ IjfN O 
XQWog &p w « , ra^of Toy Ap eif ^' • ^oiji ^«p ^ roodi/- 

T«j> i.€7TT0Te^0J 10 fV (J» fc' OUjWW, TOW 6^, Q0O1 VHf^X U 

to « TdV H , etyTeaTQafifiiytog dhtm t^ TO^f* ^f Toaoi3^ 
T^, o'aoy 10 ^'rif ^, to g*(p* *>v a t icty fp^im. *2So* 
Toivvv fifidh $ otopa eV iw f, £j< ^«ttof ■ aU* fjy <fr 
t^I i? . "Jlft ir iota jf^o^fii ^/hct*, urAijo«> Tt om Jiisrl »«^ 
rbv. jiXtf afivyaior. 10. ^a^f^or TQirvv> $n «l 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



■ 



PHYSIC. AU8C. LIB.1V. CAP. Vlll. 89 

ftrrffi t^jtpoVo^ iv tpSia tov ntvov ouovv olo&rjttttat, 
cti'p^(T£toc» tgvto to advvaxoy. *Ev. toqi y&q Aiftp^- 
qztui nliiqis %t ov fiit$iivm tl t xcH xsvov* tdtai y&g 
ti uvaXoyov amp rt ftzqov iroo£ frsgov, tag o /fwaj 
jtgog xhovov* Slg y if A*(paXtxitp elftuv , 9iqloy tb 
tov avfjft&tvovTog ttt'uop itnty, it* xiv^attag fih nobs 
ulvrtmv ndans Arri loyog - h XQ&v<$ Y*Q ^ ati - XqJ*' 
?qv $i Travis itru itqbg zawov, 7tsnsqaafiiv(ov ap~ 
<polv xtfQV SiTtqog Tiltjotg, ovxwtw. it. II* pi* 
oiv duttytyovat di wt» (pigovxai, tavta ovpfiaivE** 
xaxa 5i t^r x&v {ptaopivav vxeooxriv* tctde ogwpty 
yag t<i ftEttM jjoxiit* fjforrff, ij (tegovg, ? xowpotrj- 

ooutt'it to iow ^up/or, xot uutit Xiyov ov fyovm ta 
itsyi&q ngb$ Sttylt*. "llgit xctl dice tov xtvov; aX-> 
Xa advyvrzoy ■ 5ia xlvu yag tutlav olofrqattei* #ftt-v 
tov ; iv ph y&Q toT^ nli\QWtv it av&yxfig • ^5ttoi» 
yip oW^st tfl itf/ift ro ( tt«Sov* ^ 12. J *H>ap 0jWp«" 
^ipct, n fo*y V' fir« T0 yt$6(i*vov, % to iq>t&iy. 
'iooTaxn agu it&vt lortu - £M* adwaroy. "Ot* pfo 
oh, u tun xtvbv, tjvttfltttvn toivavtlov, rj tit o xa- 
Tadxet»aEoi/ff*v ot (paaxovTEf that xwbv, yavtgov ix 
twv UQTifitvw* Ol fiiv ovy oXovtai to xtvbv tiv(*h 
tftrep ioTffi i$ nam torsov xtvt)<Hg,^ altoxBxgifiivOP 
xatf" avto* Tovro Hi t&viqv ian tq> tbv toitov <)pa- 

V&t ttvat Tt KfJfiapiajUlfirOF + TdStO ^* OTt ctSvpatov, 

tfgr t %t£i noottgtiv. 13- Jf«* xtf^* aito tie oxonovo* 

TT^p yap fy v&artr av &$ t*^ uv(?ov, ixox^osta* toctov- 
6r If^wp oW S Jcv/Sot - ovtw x«* h aigi- iXXa tp 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



90 AR1STOTKLIS 

alo&T}OU adijXov. Kal atl dy ir nuyri tiwpttTi E^orft 
(ittdjtaaiv, iq? o nd<pvxe at'ft^^&tajaodai , dvayK^, 
tty (ty ovpmXfrai, jis&ioTixa\} at , i\ xuioi ct£f, ti xre™ 
rj <poQa, lognsg yr t g* rj avm, it nvg ■ q in uptipm, Qig 
o ui]q * ^ bnoiov av ti $ to nTt&tfitro\< J £v M dy 
t«J> xevu), tovto fiiv advvator * ovdi ykq ampa' Sttk 6i 
tov xvfiov to laov diaotyptt dtiX^lnS-irai Bo$uty t 
ontq v\v xal Tigotegoy iy tot xttio. "jlgmg uv tt to 
vdwy pr) fie&tOTCiTO %oj 1&vXfo\* xvfiw, yi$ 7 o uijQ, aX- 
Xa navxr\ diytoav dt avrov. *AXla py* xal o xvfiog 
sXMiooovtov (tiyt&og, ooov xats£tt>7Q xtyov od 
xal&tQftov iativ ? tyvxQor, $ fitxgv % xovtpor, ovdh 
UTTOV BTtqov, aXXa xal fiaXXoy, tm tii-tu ntivTMv rutr 
na&rjfiatfov iatl, xal ti py jfoigjirroi' * liyta i5t ti* 
oyxov 70V SvXlvov xvflov. "jlgrt it xttl jftogfo£fiq 
navttav 7wv ilXXtay, xal fnjif fiayv, p*j« xovtfov ri% t 
xa&i$H to laov xtvdv • xal iy T<ji avtt$ tar at t£ tov 
707iov xal to) tov xsvov iiiigei lata autttt . 7V f ovp oW- 
oti to 70V xvpov oStfia, 7ov t'oov xwov xal To^novi 
xal el dvo totavta, diet ti ov xal o^oaaottr ir t« 
avT^i total ; IV fitv dr\ tovto atonov xat a&vyatov, 
14. 2?ti d*« tpavtgbv, ott ruvro o xifio$ *$it xal pt- 
-frunafiBvog, o xal 7a akka Qbjuata nayta t%ii. "Jlgj 
ti Tov 7onov fjHjdty diayigti, ti fit! jtatziir totiov to*? 
owftaat naqa tov ixaarov oyxov, d ot7m&i$ & oyxas,- 
ovdh yaq avpfiaXXtrai, tl fctgay nt^l wiro^ \m* 
diaarrjfia toiovxov ify. 15, ["jEu fiu $t)Xqv ilvm, 
otov xtvbv iv ToTg xtvovfiivoic. JVvv 5t ovSapov fa- 
tog 7ov xoafiov • o yag ar t $, tan *L Qv &ox*T tie yt* 
ovdi to vdo)Q, ti year oi ix$vtg trt^ijooT * tjJ ya$ (i^jj 

Digitized by G00gle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. IX. 0.1 

% xoioig tov anrovJ] 16. "On fiiv toivvv ovx tori 
%*Z< a 1i ia t l SK oy ****>*> ** tovtwv iorl d^Xov. 
CAPUT IX. 
Elal di nvtg ot dia tov pavov xal nvxvov oXovtou 
yavtgbv tlvai, on iorl xtvov • ti fisv yag pr\ ion pa- 
yor xal nvxvov, ovds ovviivai xal ntXiio&ai o\bv te, 
EX di xovxo fit] tj, fj oXag xivqoig ovx sotou, rj xvpa- 
vu to bXov, wgmg tvpri £ov&og,^ ij tig loov atl jjsxa- 
fiiXXtiv aiga, xal vdwg. Aiyto dt, olov tl it vdaTog 
xva&ov yiyovtv ayg, afia it loov aigog vdatg tooov- 
tw ytytvyod ai, t} xtvbv tlvai it avayxqg • ovfimXti- 
o&at, yag xal ovvtntxTtlvta&ai ovx ivdixstai alXwg. 
% JE* (Atv ovv to fiarbv Xiyovoi, to noXXa xtva xe#<»- 
guifidva txov, yavtgbv wg tl firjdi xtvbv ivdix^xat «I- 
9W xagiOTOv, wgntg pr}di tbnov %xorta diaoTtjfia 
kavjov, ovds pavbv ovxwg. 3. El di /ntj xwgiorbv, 
c&i' ofMog ivtival n xtvbv, tjttov fiiv advvatov, Svp- 
fi&ivBi di, ngwTOv fiiv ovnaorig xwy of tag aXnov slvou 
to xwbv, aXXa Ttjq avw. To yag pavbv, xovq>ov ' dib 
ntd to nvg pavbv tlvai q>aoiv. "Eneita xivriotoag aV- 
nov, ovx ovio) to xtvbv, (og iv o), aX£ wgntg ol aoxol 
Tep a>igeo&ai ctvxol avw, ytQovoi to ovvtxig, ovtw to 
xvvov avwptgig. Kahoi, nwg olov Tt qpogav tivai 
9909V ij totiov xtvov ; xtvov yag yivttai xtvbv, tig o 
ydgexai. 4. *En di, nag inl tov ftagiog anodwoov- 
09 to qpigto&ai xata; Kou tirjXov on tl baco av /tux- 
Pthtgov xal xtvtottgov jj, Svto olo^otxai, tl oXwg tVy 
xtviv, TazuJTct av yiqono. "Xomg di xal tovto adv- 
vtnov xwri&vivai • Xbyog d' b avxbg, on &gntg xal 
iv tip xtyu) ixlvrita Tiarta, ovtw xal to xtvbv, on 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



92 ARISTOTfiLlS 

aHtwtjrifP* aovfipX^ra yua ia t«^ij p 5. -Eml H **- 
vbv fiiv ov (ptxfiiv slvai, inkla £' ^Tjo^rai viXr}&wg r 
[oti] v\ xlvn]Qig ovx e&iai, it tir^ium tvxr<>n]ig xal fta* 
waif i) HVftvtPH 6 ovoarog* rj atl Too* v8mq i$ ai- 
oo$ tat a i, xal ayo & vita t Oi * dqXov yitg on rritiW 
aqg £ vdatog yivsTat. *Avayxif} joivvv « /tit) £qt* «i- 
A rjois, t) iSoa&ovftspov to igiptvoir iu §ajf«Tor xvpal* 
vtw 7toitlr t »/ alXo&i jvov jo Igqv psrafiaXXnv 0; ai- 
qeg ug v9fog, *iv b nag oyxog tov oXov Itros •$> % pjj- 
b*h xireto&ai* ail yitQ ftt&iotap&ov jovjo avpfiri- 
onm, tap fir) xvxXw ntqii'iSJ^jai. Ovx utl &i h$ to 
xvxlm 17 apoqa, aXXa xal ug to tv&v* Ot fii* 9 if &<* 
TOtavTct xsrop ti cpcutv av thai, 6. ^Hpug b*i Xiyo- 
ptp in tiav vnoxupiptop , on ioitv vXq $*h< rmp imp- 
iltav, &*Q(iov xal yvzQGi> t xal iw SXXtor tfVinn^9 
ipartttaoetap * xal ix Swafiti ovjog, irtgytltp op /i- 
vtruf xal ov xatQiotij ftiv t/ vkr h xfji 5* uvm txtgop t 
xal fria tw aoi&ptp, tl frijff , xooia% t xal frtppov, xal 
yvxQov. "Eon dij xal atoftmog vly, xal ptyaXov* xal 
fiixgov, i) avtr}' di]Xov Jr oiav yag i$ vdaros ii}$ 
yivtirai, r) avrr) vXtj, oi TtoogXa^ovoa ttXXo x*, iyhtt- 
to, aXX 3 i}f dvvajisi, ivtoyttu iyEVtxo, Km naXt* 
vdtog 4$ cOgog, wgavxoig* hie ph ug piyt&og ix apt* 
xq6tt]tos, bti 6s dg f4txg6rr { T(t ix utyi&ovg* Qftolwi 
xolvvv xal av avq noXvg wy^ eV iXtfiTow ytrr { jai oyn^ r 
xal 4$ iXatrovog {iei£(0Vj i} dvvapzt ovaa ylvttut tfl^j, 
afi<pw. "Jlgnsg yag 4x yruxgov tgfihit xal ix &?ofiov 
ipvxgbv r) avrr), 0Tir)v Swapst) oi/xw xal ix &tqfiav 
paXXov^&SQfibv, ovdtvbg ytrofttvou iv tjJ 'vlt 4 ftt^ou, 
o OVX r)p &tD/j.6v, ott iftTOv *iv fregpov • wgnty yi ovA' 

Digitized by G00gle 



PHYSJC, AUSa LIB. IV. CAP. IX. 03 

jj iov fAH^ovog xvxlov TraHfyiqua ml Hvqivvtjg, ikv 
yimfiaL iXauoyog xvxXov, i; avti} ovira, q Uikf], h ov- 
bevl ytyavs to xvq t or, o vp ov xvqiov, «M' ev&v • 
(ov yity xtp dud fit ttr to *i*wr $ to /wMop Amy •) 
ot tV tc/rt r>~v ifhjyv^ htp&v t* ju'/*#oe, «V $E ov xai 
Ati/xoTirs, Ktt* #*£/4 0Tq? lV«<rw. Otrcct) toivvv xul r\ 
nattihott tff«;jnM^' [>, trcJfFopy* tt^TS *#♦ TO fli/t&og 

xct* ig jujKijidiij^ tov uwfrijToS ityxov, ov nooila(io\i- 
vtjS ui^f iiiiyc, t^txtiii non • «ijl' St* dwapn iativ 
\ vlq tlpfoiy r wjt* «jt# to «i5to jrwwr xa* (Actvbv, 
xal ftta vlti uvTtru ■' • ion (If, to jif? nvxvov, §olov' 
Tfl 5e pui'Qifr xQVtpo*. 7. pSw, oferaf ij tov jevxjiov 
7it^i<f *^c*« 'iwHfiiitivif ug IjUxttop, oix alia t* la/ti- 

^tfpft TO XflUoy, «JLil* tJ* «l/v4r^1?' OVW *«*2 TOV 

?ri/p«tf u,r* «V ny la/fat jtw* &f?* ^ef/top, oJrcp xcd 
to w* pyycf/u^ *«' dioHrwiljJ t$$ ovt^ vi^ .] 
Jtio yao ivur dtp sxuuqqv xov t« flrvwov xalro*/ 
jtayov. To, t* ^a^ /3«otj xa* to ovlqoov, wvmvk lo- 
*f i ilnu - xni tavarria p&vm> ii, t* xovtytw **J to 

(titl&UQlt m Stuff wu Si TO /fofV XO* TO OHfAl^O? fo« 

^ursgoV, «£ Out' unoxf x^jptyoii iftft **V©*, ov£* «- 
zrJUuf, wvt* *V t(J/ ^lafiT^ ovii Jwra/itt, el /ut; jig fiov- 
Ituto itt <y if.j.- fccrX^r Mf^oy , i^ alTioy tow t^ta&«t. 
Qvrci J 1 tj tov ftaQtog xttl vvcpov vly, ft roi«vtff t 
§t% av to xirov * to ^ao rrvJtiw *«* to pa¥OV xarf* 
lavtffv T^y tvttyitwQtv, qpoo«$ ^04i}T«X4i* »«*« <W ?o 
<7k1i}oov M«t ^liJLerMoi't nr'tdovf xtfl ana&eittf, xetl ov 
<jx*1f0$, ttii ittoomii€tag paXXov. Kai ntfl pip »«-- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



04 ARISTOTEL1S 

rov, ntag taxi, xal mag ovx tart, diwgh&w xbv xqc- 
nov xovxov. 

CAPUT X. 
'Exoptvov di x<av sigrjfxdvav ioxl ntgl xgbvov btfX- 
&uv • ngmxov di xaXwg fyti dtcmogrjaai ntgl avxov 
xal dia i<av O-mxtgixwv Xoywv, noxtgov xmv ovxmv 
iotlv, fj x&v pi] ovtwv • dxa xig fj <pvotg avxov. 2."Ot* 
uiv ovv oXtag ovx toxiv, 1} ftoytg xal apvdgwg, ix xotv 
di xig av vitoitxtvow to fiev yag avxov yiyovt, xal 
ovx taxi • to di piXXn, xal oviua ioxiv. 'Ex di xov- 
x<av xal b anugog xal b ad Xafiftavopsvog jjfooVos 
ovyxuxai* xb 6' ix \tr\ ovxwv ovyxttfievov, advvaxov 
av do£n* (ittixsw noxi oioiag. 3. JIgbg di xovxois, 
navxbg (itgtoxov, iavneg y, avayxq, ox* iotlv, iJto* 
m«, y navxa xa pigy dvaf xov di xgovov, xa piv 
yiyovty xa difiitXn, saxi 8* oidiv, ovtog psgunov • 
xo divvv, oi fiigog • fitxgu xe yag xo fiigog, xal ovy- 
xiiti&at del xo oXov ix xwv fitgwv • b di XQovog ov 
doxu ovyxtio&at ix xSrv vvv* 4. Eti di, xal tovto 
to vvv o tpaivcxai diogi£uv xb nagtX&bv xal xo fiiX- 
Xovy noxtgov tv xal rb aixb ad diafiivti, ij aXXo xal 
SXXo, oi Qadtov iSeZv • d ftkv yag ad txtgov xal Frt- 
gov f prfoiv d' iaxl x&v iv toi £poVo> «^° *<** «tto 
fiigog apa, o fiif ntgiixu, xo di ntgiix^at y wgneg o 
iX£xx<av X?°v o $ ™*o *"•» nXdovog* xb di vvv /kij iv, 
ngottgov di ov, avayxt) iq>&ag&al Ttoxt • xal tot vvv, 
ufia p&v aXX^Xou; owe taxai. 'Eq&ag&ai di avayxri 
id to ngoxegov. *Ev kavtip piv ovv 4<p&ag&at ovx 
oliv xi, dia to ilvai xoti' kv aXXta di vvv i^p&m^&ai 
xb itgoxtgov vvv ovx ivdixtxai' toxta yag idvrtxrov, 

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PHYSIC A USC LIB. IV. CAP. X. 95 

i'Xoptva uvtxt aXX-yktov t« vvv, wgneg oxiyfitj oxtyfirjg* 

ttm$ OVV iv TAJ &<IH&)1 0VX i'ip&CtQTCtl, aXX* iv SXXb), 

iv xoTg pexa£v xdtg vvv itrtdgoig ovoiv, Sfia Sv tttj- 
xovxo $i &&vyajov. 5- *AAka pip oidi ad xb avxb 
iuxpfauv dvvaxiv oi&tpbg yaq diaiqtxov nsTtsqa- 
opdvov, fv nzqag ioxiv* ovxs Sv i<p 3 sv »J ovvtyig, 
ovtt Sv til ttXmi ' to $i vvv neqctg ioxl, xal xqovov 
iazl Xaftfip TTtfttqcta^ivov. 6*Exi, d xb Spa slvai 
KttTtx toy jfpoj>oj>, teal uyts nqoxtqov, [tyre voxsqov, 
f i iv t^j ttVToi tivcci> xal iv tw vvv ioxiv, d xa xe 
qoxzgov xal it* vattqop iv ro» vvv ioxiv, Spa Sv liy 
T«f tig ixog ytvofttva pvqtooxbv xotg ytvopivoig xrjps- 

£0V ■ xat OVTE TTQ®T£OGir t OVXS VOIEQOV OvdsV ollXo 
ukkoi\ 7- lftql flip OL'p TWV VTMXQXOVXWV «VTW, TO- 

ouvia sort* &ffj7Tofjr f p£m. Ti di ioxiv b xqbvog, xat 
r g mvtov ^ tpims, bpoiwg tk xb twv naqadsdouivav 
tldqXov iaxi, xal tt?$1 &y xvyxavopev disXrjXv&oxtg 
wqoxiqop * ol pty yaq tijv xov oXov xivrjoiv ilvai (pa- 
vtv* ol t$i ti\v otpat^ap ttvtrfv Kotlxoi xr\g ntqupoqag 
rj to fiigoc, zgovog rig ioxi ' nsqupogct di ye, ov • 
igog yug Tii-qtqwqag to ki)<p&iv, aXX' ov ntqupoqa. 
"ti # yd nkdovq ^aav ovqavol, b poling Sv \v b XQ&- 
oft 4 brovavv avwv xiprjoig* ugxt noXXol xqbvoi 
tjjta, 8. // 3t Torj olov oywuqa, tdo$e piv xdig d- 
wvaty dvett b j?ooYo^\ ot» %* xb tw XQovm navxa ioxi, 
if of* ip tiJ tov olov uifitiQu. "Eoxi d 3 evi]&ix(OT(gov 
to tiQfjpivav, ^ &?xt ntgl avxov Ta advvaxa incoxo- 
n7v* 9, a ^r*l & 5o*fT ftaXioxa xivijmg dvai xal 
pixafioX'q xig b x^ovoq, rovx Sv *ty oxtnriov. 'lffti> 
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flvHovji lost povQw, tj ov a* %vzfi 0# «w» ** wo&- 

. T«*ot/, *ai *r«o<* two*?. iO, ^t* #, fumfioiii pi* 
{at* v<x<ra #if T«*y *a* /9oa£t/?§0«, £poyp? $* 9vx taw 
to yuq ftgotdb xai r«gfv ^^iif Wf *ow * i«/v jtcy y«g 
to ir o^fyw noli KtvoipHtov • /fy adv $i, to ip 7toUj*» 
oUyw o <W xyovoe oi% m$i*tw X<P V <&* *w t£ vow 
t*$ «&«», ow *£ tow. iJ-Tt)?* p*y toM/*" ov« 
far* */yi?g*£,9«vef8V /*^Aty dk foaquffr* Uyuu tytfy 
h %% naqivxi vivrjgw, 1} fuutfioXyr. 
CAPUT %h m 
? Mla ph* ovd* £ytv ft ptjaPolqg • ot** yio #£- 
To}pq#iy /tfTptflaXXomw xyv fajtyotay, n Xe&mp** 
fifxcfixUovTts , oi dou& tyiW Y*¥**i* a * ° /?**+£* 
xv&amQ ovfa jolg 4r ty .Zbodtf /ii/#oio;wp&04£ 

ktpwi yw^To aaotfioy A t$ twtfooy rSy, x«i$r 
soioS/aty, i$aig«uyTf? &a 719? ivuio&ntiav jo i*tMt~ 
{v. '{ft?2M0 ouy u jw ^» t'Ttooy to yi*v eUia t««tp 
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fopo* ay, «/ *©**! &** to jt€T«$v *ooyos. jgt 64 ti 
^ ofarfat 4y«u jooyov wre QvpQubm ni&y, fa* 
ph tyfamptv (uidtpiar ptra^at^y, iU* £r Jrl *a£ £- 

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y^e«€ o ^y<>f fa* ^«y«9AT> ^Hwfcpr ?f , ^7^ 
Cipavpt* t/ 4ar*y i ^*^€» i***i&fr v&f>t*W9* fi 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB, IV. CAP. XI. *T 

xul jqqvqv* nttl yttq iety ij oxotg^, k«p juquw owTOt) 0»- 

ft a doxtl %t yty oviy&i, u&l /o i> *o g ■ *Ak).it ft ^0, *a» OT«* 

ytXQOYQq tioxf} ytv*f}$aLTi$ f ojwar xoftx/yijoiy Tl$<pmlvt~ 
i u * y tyvvtv a ^ '[/I^t* ^t o t xw*ja*£r 7) T?j? xtyiJoWB* n toft 

xqopoq. ETt&i&Ji o-iiv ov jetVqfftf, tevtsynti vt\t mm\99tr% 
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itj'O^^K) Kffiirwy^t/e^o^fltvf^, uxoioi/#efcT»j»* 
yt&fi >j xivvjtitq ' 5 1 ft yfifi TO fityt&o^ that ftVfWg^f X(H 

on H yifo i] %ttf^aig t r&oovioq xai a jfooro? out 60X& 
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Tio^ror {Sot*? " ipTff'vd'ff pttv rot Tr f &ttstt. £Jtti d #» 

TM ft*yi&f t i&ll TO TTOOTEpOV HCfi TO VOTMfeT* «*«;«mj 
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kch Toy £ooVor ^£ ypiaQi(opFy r otcpf Sfi£§»jMy w}* *£• 
yjjaiy, 10 rcooT*£OK x«t tWtoov oocfrpilf. VO^titt 
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gou iv t^ Jtfvtjofi wiai^ijffiv AM,?c"jucv. Ooi^oper J^f^ 
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ptr XQpvov* tovto yag iarw o Xf>6vo$ f aot&pag $Hmf° 
tnmg nmta to nffptsgov xal vtfrtfiQv* Ova Uqn xhijr- 
ot$ o z$6iroei&i£ ij agi&por fret ij x/tf7*l?> 6- 3Rj^= 
fttitoi* &* to pi? /<xn nluov val tXauoy jeofropFr 

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oi&fiovptyov, not ov% &» aitt&fiQvptY. Jftrri 6 Ir*- 
ooy y aQt&ptovpW, xal to UQiQ-pov-ptvor, 7- Kal 
fS^irfo tj ntpqmg «*S «AjLij a*** (Uij, *eu o /poirog. i 

#' «/»« ««$ £0oVo? BVTOff * TO /ff Vl'T TO ttUTO 

»ot tyf, to 6" efrat awtm ft* gov to o"^ vvv to* 700- 
f©* fistou, $ nfitt$ov xal vtiTtoov* 8, Toft* w eoti 
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o*' o £foVo«> oj$ ifafiiv. Xctt Qfxotm ty *ji &ttyf,iji f ft 

qpf odpapo?, Jp lyvxirtfitvyvwoitofiiy, xat to jt gat eqov 
iv &i%t} t xaiTO'TloT*po>'» Tovtq Si o fiiv nottor, to 
ovto iarfc*. aziyptq pap, ij A^oct */ t* iJlo toioi'To* ' 
t^ AoV*» £« &Uo, f^Tr^p ot oof iora* Xa^fldyovoty ?r*- 
f«y to Keyiauop iv ufvxtfw zIvcil* xctl to Koghiuw ir 
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tw^oy* Ty or ^^o/ih'^ ojioiov^** rti jvy, Mcrrvp o 

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PHYSIC AUSC. LIB* IV. CAP. XI. <90 

X^ifog ttf xwfan* tw yjtpytQopivy yvmglZofuv to 
mqvtbqov «a$ v<n*$cviv xwipu* yd* iQi&firjzi* to 
jrooTooov xetl wntfw, to viv iatlv * <agts xal iv tov- 
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«? trtrreodV 4cr* to 4* kmmjom* to 5* efoa*, Irtoo* • rj i~ 

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$u$ ra xw&vptroy > xal t) 909a dta to qngoptvw 
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^toV ov* «*? to ovro to *vv ksyofitYor <xe*, taxi $* &g 
#^?o «vto * x#i yip x«* to o^o/toi^y. 9. *«y«- 
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-fifS qpooa? aqt&fiag • to 6c yvy £? to qpcoopexox, ol- 
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tSty, xal fofayjctt xaTa to xtix * «xoAoia££ y£o x«* 
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3«*a$, xttl £U«*». 12. "On /** roirw J^ 

CAPUT XII. 

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Tig M iipd'pbg, Jbnpbtik few, ***** $* **$ aOx fritf 

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acTa/ Ttg nUltav XQQ ¥0 $ n&vtii tov iv XQQVfQ 6Vias* 
8ib ctvayxii navTa tu h x$w*# oW<*, nfqiixw&m vx+ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIS. IV. CAP. XII. 40S 

jov xqovov, wsTctg huI valla Sou I* im ioxiv* olop 
za iv t^j tott^ \mo toij tottoit x<ti n&vx$ivdrj T* vwo 
Toi/ xqorov, xatfaTitp *a* U/hw %i»&ap*v, on *cna~ 
njxfi^fHi>'^' p »«* ) rjodoxunurr vno tov xforov, 
xui intluydiiviTM dia zor jo©*©** «JU' ov ftepa&f}* 
xtv, ovdi y£ov yiyvvfi', ov$8 xaXav * qt&oqug yaq «F-» 
uoj xuO' avjoy paklw & xqovw aqudyiog yaq ***■ 
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ifurtgov or* t« ail by tot, y «C* o*T«, «wx law ivxqo- 
fi t } ■ oi' ;-/i;i FiFOjqjrrrui uTTO TQV XQOPOV, ovSi fl€TQU- 
Tttt to tlvt*i aviwv vjiq iov XQ&v&v ' oqpuw 8e tov- 
Toi', ot* ot' Jtaaxti vL'&iyvnh tov Xf6vov> ig oiu JV* 
t«* *V fw /t" JM : ? - 1 1 ■ *J3r** £' Arrty o XQ* V0 $ (*&*Q0* 
ntvrjowK, &jtj xcrt })tj€tdag pitQQv xaja ovp/?e/b}xo? • 
new ;■«» tfOiiiK iy /joyy * ov ya^ fagmq to hf x*- 
ir^jf i fip araj/xr/ xtrtla&at, ovtw xa» to If XQWty * 
ov fay ii xfotiais o jrprU'off, <***'. aqi&pog xw^guaq * |p 
iyt&py Hi x£F?j<j£W£ Ei dtxttat, uycu x<w to jf^ow. 
Ov ;i^i tto*' to uxjV^ror yfSfAti, aiiii to iorsQttfUvov 
qwqqtatg, Ti£tpvxo± : di xtv&u&ou f *n&amQ eXqutou b 
tofe jr^oi^oy. To fli tlmiiv af*£p$, sQTiTothai 
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at- to i n;i aqt&fioi iv th &f<V ( ° .aft ei £v xqovm, vno 

X$6pQV> 3/fr/Jlj'Jfi ff' XQOVOg 10 KWOVpEYOV X4tl TO 

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^iiy xtV >/oi*' aura}? uj Tpijo^* x«* T^y riQEpictv, Tiogq 
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t^ijtof ittto ^ovov, ^ Tfoadx Ti&my, «JtA' |j ^x/x^oi^ 
aviou Jioffij. '[/2fT£ aa-a jf*t}re xiyutpi, ^f^T« t)oe^«T, 
ovx eot^ fr £9oVjp * to ph yitQi lyxgovw thai, tan *i 

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10* . ABISTOTEMS 

pftQtlo&M ZfWt* * i Si xjivvog xtyt)(FUt)s Mitt i}Q*pl<*$ 
pifQoy. 1&. (ftoytyw &v* ott ovSi to py ev Eara* 
not 4r Jtyo*? ' +i** *** M i^S^triu ****>£ , «f jt* £ 
TO Tigy ^uxjueTfw Afat j i ( irfci'pa ovfifttrqov elms 

Vift U {UHfOV (*fr 4**t XW1lGEti3$ o XQQVQi; xa& uvif*, 

%6p Si SUmw **ta aw^/?£/?i?KO£, flijAor ot* wi-ri thai 
(AftQti, TOVT04S ana(HY eot*** to elvsu 4? tm qptptfr *f 
xwkv&au "Oo* ftfr ovv ydaqra xtil yufvijta, *«i 
qXms, iri fifr oVc«, w tft ^, ff*<*/**f 4r /p«Y«i *i»*»* 

wv, xrti «w ^(wnoi; tj^ ovciiciv ■ t^^i /*?j oV- 
w»*, AW pfr «?W** o jr^oVos, t« pe* y*, olm "Ojuij- 

OO* «OTi lj* # ** ** faff*, A*** 1**V fitU6*T<aV Tt, 4p 

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xal faff*. "Q** Si fit} » f £i<#« ft^Stxftfi, ovV ijy, o&f* 
tori?* *vt* fao*» Irrt tft r« torn iira twv p*i orrw, 
M&v r« arTiitfijtewt «f i fat* * oio* to rtoup/ifT^o* 
slw» T^r diffpctfo?, id Aim, *» * o&* fact* toito fr 
Zfovy *v roirwr ovS* to inipfifroo* * «5*o at* otrn 
fa*p, fa £*t*Wor *<g o*i o*m. *0ow f* TO tvartiw 
p<j «ci, rafito Afownti *<** *fr«* *«# /i^ ** 3 fa* ^1- 
ycow *a» y$o$i etitwv. 

CAPUT XIII. 
'To $i m fa* «n*e>nff jroofu v t w? 3T^ a^jj * 
avrixH fif w JT?oVof rt>^ Trw^fl^oyra nal teoptvor. 
MtA ilwg ntfw jtywo v ^ot/k * fa* /fffi toD fihf &f- 

M, TOO S$ T8^tfT*J. !rfiio TOVT OV/ <£s?T£0 ^Tl r^ 

awy^ijt ^troAnjf yarfgot' - ^or^n it ^n'^ft, Ktrl 
j] pi* rottvtov, && frtQQ* to *v* - »^ 6* ^vi'^^, #i# J 

Digitized by GoOgle 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. IV. CAIN XIII. ** 

**>/&& n*P*n ail Kctl pi* art/fty %i vorpm- 4i«c- 
Q9py*px fiq> *Ut} ' $ to pla, t] mnq nirtfj. 4&%m 
u*l 99 wjk * *• p«#» tov jroowrooWpeo*? *a%* $i/r«- 
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TO <*«* *«*« to ewro rj toUfmtg uml ij jpam?* to fl* 
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tyfVS* 3- To £t sore, ;tf o*o* ojoioywb'of iroof to *oo- 
fgfor tw ' *io#, nmti Hffq&q 4 Tpl*' **l ™>** 
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r$ar« *j&rr«* .a?* reooof ?*? #«© to*#« jtooVof, *«• 
t$g»4*Hve+ *ml fv ds «o avfoifw, 4. J&-di p«j tU 
£$***€? Se mlnmn, mq m tVy £0*Ve? iroKffaorptfi'o?. 
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gftf^«lg» «Sf»n^»o jpfpyog. £ jwr y£© *f avTfj*ew 
pi* f tonal jbotv&t** Xf**M eUuali ctvtig • ei oe 
v u*» one «mu. 6 . 'Etotl 4i to m Trtnrrjf *a» -ecflri 
T*w ig^oro?, «U' ov tov owrov, aM« tov /*«? *«oij- 
gpvroc TeltirTij, wnj^ & TOVfrfUopTOf * ifc©* Sf »S~ 
£«£> XlWof /MM '<l'*9 ?»f SO XVOW Mai TO KG?- 

%ar t QVTw xvl o /oavo? a«J fr "0T0 ««l Tflwoflj* *o£ 
A a touio <Jojf?f iiit tfsoog* iov faotov avTov ao;?q 
0f*l ttlfvrrt to riv fyut yjtf co> xal nata to «{to, 
*t* ftvTUttlptya tlr if xal cv% wxoitifH ty* ill ymq 4r 
jfaxjl. 6- To 1 7/^i|> V tyyvs 4f«ft TP*««OOrTOT 

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100 AKISTOTKLIS 

Mane? qflfl, otiiyyvg o xqavas iv ut pitlu* xal tov 
naoek&ovtog xqovov wo $iij yioofa tov wvv. HtUt Sa- 
divug; t}dti fit^gtimu ■ to di "iktov qttvm. r/fy taJLtt- 
xsW* oi kiyofisy, Sn nop* fa liav tov put* 7. Kcti 
to »ott, tofyyvg tov Trttoortog vvy t xtxl uogtov rov 
netQik&ovtog. JJote *)!#«?*- Sou, iitv $ o XQovot 
iyyvg tov irtotafs wv*. flcikat M, t*j jrdp^w. 7$ 
& i£<*i<p*flS> to & orMtf^iJrip jjf^dvw J*« jux^g #17111 

4*0tUV. 8. Mtmttfiolti i)t TTfrUK irL'iJH tXffTffTlJcJf. 

2& di t<J jgody^i ftavjtt yiyEitu xal ^O-tlokiat ■ Am 
x#* ot /**? aoyviatuv ikeyor t Si JlvftayvQutoq n&- 
Qinv vyut&iotatQv, ut< xu* *' u/iu -V<<rrvi'j<<< //' larit.j, 
Uyoiv eo&wftoo*. dqlor ovv itxt tp&oaag ftakkov 
total *»& mvtov ttUiog, »} ytyiaiws, xa^frxjirg ikt- 
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xivua&ai nwg avti xnl itoamw q^tigtTtti di *m 
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ptv vnb tovxqopqv tp&ooav - ov fnijv fx,k£ ot/M ?aw- 
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ztot«, *ai so oJ^w, xat ii> i}5ti % xttl to Ttalai, x&l n 
ttcUyryg, tfoytci*. 

s c CAPUT XIV, 

:T*VWP $' qfurovTia dtyQid-p tijUVWi yavtoo\ Sn 

Snaeav tietetpbkqv, ual itnav to xwovutrw mayzq 

XLVlio&mfyxQ"**' to yuq datroy xttifoaSvtfqQK 

xtt*a vewxv Asm wmfiokyv - d* naot yao ovtw <pak 

Digitized by GoOgle 



PHYSIC. iVUSC. LlB.-fV. €AP. XIV. fO/ 

ntuu AiftA 8k &avtov xiv&o&cu to nqmtqov fitrot* 
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fdx y*Q t» nagtXyXv&OTi ngittgov Uyoptv to no$- 
$*tegov tov vvv, vettgov 81 to iyyvttgov. 'Ev 8i tta 
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&*$$»% tqov. "JIst* iftti f to fJth ng&ttgov iv ZQOVm, 
lOoy y £xokov&& x*w}<wro rtgottgov, yavtgbp Sti 
vttopt piraftoXrj xal naea xlxyoig h #povw ttniy. 
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itfog tqv' yvxh*> *«* b*M tl iv navtl *1vcu 8o*& 6 
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&&$ ilvai ttf aQi&Fifao*Tog,a8vvtXT6v xal a^t^ij- 
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Digitized by VjOOQlC 



$M AJtlvSTOTELIS 

vaioy efrw XQ*ror , *pvxn$ ph avails * al£ % rim* 

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O XMV XaW9 XWl «/ic, 5» V^ei ^ J /or* <f 0#a xal tflfr- 

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Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. IV. CAP. XIV. 109 

V ofMA^ ni in it v fulkntitt. oui ifi&fiig t«vt^ yrio- 
QtpuitAtui;. IjlkoltHvts fjup ovw r ovdi avtyoiq, ovdi 
yiptet^, ovn hoIv ouukiif 90901 d' ioti. Jii m*i 
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110 ARISTUTEL1S 

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xal aviov, xal imp nsqi aviiv oixiimv rt, oxipEi #• 
ifijtm. 



LIBER V. 

CAPUT I. 

J\fl_tTa$aU&i d* To ptiafiallov nav, ro /<**' *<«« 
avfkfitprjxog • OiO? otuk Xiyatftiv to uovoixay fiafti* 
£e*?? pT# q* ovftfidftrix? pouts mm tlvat, -<#rm fia&i&t' 
to d«, T«ji jovtov %l ptTafiukluv, Itnlmg liyttnt ftP- 
tojj&uUU*** olov bau MytTttt xara fiiqn • v/ui{ffV 
yip to aStfiw, ou o aydulptiff % o duoorf* tbvi* 
di pcoi? tov oiov orouaTo?' *oti 5c 5tJ t*» o oiiv 
x«Ta avp/?s/?qxoe xtyttT^u, out* tw rUio n tou ov- 
tov, «iia t$ «vro «iirturfai n-poiTov. JCa* tovto 4 
to *«£' «wto xm^tov *€tx itHy* fit xbiimvt Etrgor 
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avwg « to juiV yio, xara avpfttflrixos x^eT, To A* 
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fCOWTO?* O^0V> f*W *«T0O$ iflTCtl, fj At /**o ni^rfit, 

3. 3 JBm* $' lor* p«i» T* to xiyou* now top, tor* &i t* i « 
x*revpfiro»" *r», iv b) o jfooyog* ««* nwoa runa, £ 
ov, xai W 5* («aa«i ;-«p jrtVigots tx two?, xal iff * 

Digitized by GoOgle. 



B PHYSIC. A USC, LIB. T. CAP. I. >1U 
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9^tif tijUfj'oy, x«i ij yivtoig «£ or, xothdi ix pjj Snog. 
5* 7'/ jw-ey ovy foni 1 t) xlv^jig t f £'o*jt«* rcooTffpoy • t« 

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il O-toftoTtjg. Kaitot aTWQQfjottfv $&t*$, ri Ta ni&q 
*w*\itltq, § ds ItvxQziig 7taL&Q$ * EOTOt* /io *fe xjyif- 
Oiy prns/SoAij. tiii' towg o5/ jj Uvxevip? xbrjaig, «A- 
la t/ JUvxaytn?. 'jf&ni 3i xol ^ ixtivetg xal t© x«t« 
ffvpfttfiijxbg, xal lit x«i« ftipog, xal to nun Slio,nml 
to -JTOGiroK, aat iii} *at fifJUo - oW, TO Awxeuyo/**- 
roy, £*£ ^e* to i'ooi\u£J/op ^it»/9«JUI» X«t« ovfifUfiff- 
*oV" t^ j*ap ^6^j(jeii avpfiilti}** vo&o&ur ~ *lg be 
XQMpa, on liiyo; to JUuxo» ' tou ^OftfjwaTO?' x«i •«*£ 
Tigy £vf wnijy, or* ptpoff «£ ltf#fjy«* Tijs JSvoiwrif? • 
tfe Js to Aevxoy XQ&P** Ktt * a it to- ff&gph owxatf 
avio xwut&t, xal nig xari* uvpfhfliixvg, xml. tmg 
jta* alio it, xori tiw^ to avTo 7Ttv«rroy 9 ««* to) **- 
rot-yiof, «a* £n« Ktvovftfrov, drjAoir* ft«» oti ^ x/ri^- 
oj£ oiix fV tcu t(5fe t aU* ^tcu xt^twjuw'cw, xal K*yijTw 
iai* ryt'ofticty. 6. *II ftiv ovv xata ovft(k(hi%bg /m» 
r^^Oilnr uiptiu&uf £# Sit act tt y£$ ton, nml -fa Jy »«J 

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1*2 uwsTurfcUS 

m#f«t»* 1| ik U>} #»l* ifHflfitfii]XQ$ t QVX & &*<*&&, 

cUi' to *0*$ ivatftfoig x«i Tolf peia$it, Haifa a*t*~ 
yuifH. Teviov iJe n«Q?«f *'* *jjs ijittytoyt}?, *Jfr JU 
T4>i jKSNi^ pc r«.9aAAi«, tt£ tyavilav Xftfz&t, yct$ «i» 
T<u <*$ IwMfTio* oVr< rrpis i*«i*pov • tart /fiy fiwff ii 
p«roi$«V ti uxpct. <</*o x«i latJio Trji? italva, mr 
&tmx 7Tfo$ to u?o A^yireic tiwj," tyuvria * olav, ij jutfif 
(£tt%ua nffO^ Jr s * pyttjjt, xal o£*ra Jrpo? t^p ttMttqr* 
#a» i* yoiiirv Itvxov te^o; to + u*l*rv, xvl fttXap n$b{ 
*• Xtvmv. 7. 'iiffti £s Tram* ^inra^aAiF ivnw ft* ttr 
peg «fe*r (AijAiil Je x«l roiuro^a*- ^n alio /«£ t#" 
*m* to* pit* vqoi?(joj> JjjAoI 1 10 j' r vu^fpov) ptt*~ 

xftptr*tt tiff u to ice iutvov, Jj auV 41 V7io**tf$4vm? •!$ 
ov# i/7I0K*^u*toj' , 1/ py £ ut^xeiucVou ttg vntmetpt- 
vof, ift4S i»0JM^eVou lis ^ wiagrfjiffiw * A1/0 ft 
YPttTEOttifpfror, i» jffirfi^B.;?, d^AoL'ufHVf. "jlftt it- 

i» & tufltftifpiVa u e*c v won* <Ji» ok, x«l irq* tf£ *w* 
ttttjubw tig p>i v.ttMttiUfi'oy, xrti iqv ix pi} vttoxf^**- 
fhoti *fc MtliiipU'Oi'* ^ pfda fU>j ^ Woxupfrov fff p$ 
inOnwifttmQV ovm 1 01 1 put* ; iokt], dtc< to p>} uvat *«?« 
amifrtlW ovti yan t'yarii{* t our* rtvrtyGra/g *Vlf#. 
*H fter avw t$ ovj[ bwiMiftirov ng vmxruttr** jutra- 
fl*kt} jmbt tunitfttwtvt yi#tmc fart* * \] ph> <rre&a£ « 
ftAijjt. q dr^if ?+>ii^ • oion 1/ ftfy ix ^ Aftwoc f*g i/p- 
«ir> yivtmg tvviov r\ <V * x iolt ^i/ oVto§ a?rlcwg #!< 
ovmim^^ywtat^ anlu$, *#&' yy w jiAu? yhnt&vt^ mmk 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. CAP. I. 113 
107*77 elyw tig 6s, ^ sig tifv arttJtetftiyrjv anoqxxoiv, 
nm&mntQ &*x&*i *«* fal **!$ /«Waew?. g. Ei dy to 
pff ov iiytrat nXtovnx**^ ***fnjWTo nntit aiWww 
9 oWttottfur ivdix***u tufue&m, j*iprt to norver &W- 
fur, to t$ araU»ffxor frifytiap ivn Artumipsvov 
(to piv yitq /u if Aeuxo* , $ pij iya&er, ofuog 4vdi%$- 
•uu xtrua&ui #a*a <rvp{kfin*Qg * *fy fAp Sw&Qwnoq 
to fit} Itvmov • so & <x7rA&? juq Tote, ovo*«paS$* «&/- 
rurrov /oo to- /kij & *mla£«*) « d« tooto, xal tip 
fmrtat* %iv*\Gw ehw yintm /if to py wr • t* y«£ 
*ot* or* fioJUoTd xatit avpflifhptbg yhitm, ii£ opmg 
ouUf^o? until* , oct vumqx** ™ W •* *«** tw ywo- 
pi/toy imXmg * opofog o* nal to f^sfmr* T»vttt di) 
Iwrrrr ovftftttirti oto/soi), **? xirfiv&eu to py oV* 
* «n£ «» »«y to nttwiftMrop h tint*, to 6t jtty 6V owe 
I***? & T(wr» • tFij yitf a* nov* Ovdi H if tp&OQCt 

%Jtf i^ofi ywitm ivttrdov. §. 'ifcoeJ fti naoor */- 
*ftttt ftfra/SoJU} **f * pttrnfiolal di tf&g «J *l$tjp&- 
•9*** Towrwy Jo al x*v« yimaw utxl <pfro(>hv , ov **- 
|l4^inr - ttvwu ii how a£ irar arttywow 1W7111? 
ffl|OH*¥ wooo^otVov sfc vftoxoJp tmor jurn*/3oA^*, *taj- 
jpp>o3rm peVor * tit A* vnoxtip*** , «y fravria , 1} p&- 
m&i* tmlfkf ^ortffoif mAo&u i*ar*kv, nalfy- 
JiifPfi xaTorfioJoet, to yvprer, xml ie¥XO?> xcrt {Mar. 
jgb&v* <A wm*f\fqiai fotjfipiM mnUf t iwd nomtrfu , 
mtitq mif [xal tm «oto,1 kk» tw woo? ti, n«1 t* 
Ml^«i«T^ Mo^fio', 4 ^xoK^rooo^ Mviy*i\ tq&g tlwmi 

1ttf¥ Tf TOV *OOW, X«ft T1|y TOlJ IfOfOI/, ««• 



Akist. Phts. Ausc H 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



114 ARISTOTEL1& 

CAPUT IX 
Jtcrr overlay di ovx i\jtt xtr^aig, &i« to firfirr tl- 
yatiw Srxmp ovoia ivanior. OiSi di} rJi jtoo; tr 
Mixtion yap &mu$ o v p e tu($& XXqyt o £, aX t}& tvta& at 

il xtytjmg mvjtov. OvSe dy natovvrvg xal -jtwoyfor- 
to$, <w& jwtrfos juvot^tVau *a* wroi/vTo?, or* ot r * 
»tm xtyt/tftA)ff ttfo^ot?, ou3s ywitJEiag ymqtf, oM* 
okoyg fierafiolfj ^Eiv^QXr r g. 2. iZowTo* p£v yvtqfo- 
jp»S ivdix^xcu *tyr t uto>g tlv&t xiv-qatv * 1} ai£ vnoxuui* 
vov, oior Hv&ot&Ti tt$ mrtljatf vtt ix Xtvxov tig ptlm 
fiejapdlXH. Agti yi ovtoi xtxl rj xhr^tg, »/ -d-tottm- 
yereti, ij ipvxttai, 4} totiov fttidiXXuttUj ij aii^irttvt, 
rj<p&ipUf TOVTO d& afivyarav* ov yttq tw? V7T<mofd- 
vtor rlioriyi) fgttafioXii. 3.7/ toj titgov t* vnonitft^- 
rov ix ptvapoXi^ ftETtifiaXXenr tig trt^oy ztdoq ' f itt»" 
av&QtOTios in voo'v v tig vylttatv- aXX 7 qv$b tovto Ji>- 
yatiy, nlifv nttta avpfefitixos * avty y*$ ^ xinpw, 
g a'jUov tf£et/$ **? Silo fatl pzt&poX^. Kul 1} fir 
ywtg di Kait/ qpfto^a, cutfa «*<*>£■ nAijr, tfi fflr, *' 
cnttntifitsa £$1- ^ tf« xfoyms, ov% hpoltoq* ™Aua m* 
p€ta(laXXu & vyuictg tig voooy, xal 0$ aVTt^ t«i)t*,; 
tiJ$ ffceT«/?oJtfJ$ e*c aAAijv. At}Xqv d* oil oittv voqt^. 
pttafitpXuxog* j&Tat tig bnotavovv - ev^ctcci j 
rjQf(A£y> JCal iki, ug ft-rj ttjv tvxovaay £*l r xaxiln 
3ft fwo^ ^^•'^Mpw- Vlfft* xttl % ayrtxufiiyjj J(jtm 
ij fybtyatg, ttXXit tm avpflefliiKivvt * alav, d S£ ay*- 
^i}a«»tf tl$'X7J&r t i atTvtfiitAAQt, on w t^a^^i, &£*" 
prrapaXlti, or* piv tig {maTi^y, ore Si t*j vyiwr 

Digitized by GoOgle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. CAP. 11. 116 

littapoXr), xal yiyiotwg yivsotg • dvayxr\ dy xal Tyy 

ngotiffav, $1 rj vaxiqa toTaf olov, ti q anXfi yivsatg 

iylvtro nott, xal to ytyofisyoy iyiysTO, "Jlgre ovnw r t v 

t# yiyyopsyoy anX&g, aXXa t* yiyvoptyoy xal ywope- 

yov ifdij, xal ndX$y tovt iyiyero not t • *>$t« ovx r^y 

ma tots yitopsvov. 'Ensl di my ansiomy ovu cow t*, 

noSnoyy ovx Iota* to nowiov • &gj ovds to fyopevoY. 

ovrs yivto&oti ovy, ovts xtreio&eu, otiv ts , ovt* fie- 

tapdXXsiy ovdlv. 5.^Ert> toS owtov xivrjoig y ivav- 

T$a, xal £rt ^oqui/o*?, xal ysysotg, xal tpdood * agTs 

to ytvbfttvov otuv yiyytjTai ywofttvor, tots <p&sios- 

sat • ovrs yio si&vg yiyopsyov, ov&* vgtsqov * etvcu 

*p£ d*Z to <p&s$o6(isyoy. 6. *Eti , dsl iX^y inuya* 

xul tw ynroftfrfpfXtt* t£ fiSTaftaXXoyri. Tig ovy lareu; 

tS^7i€0 to aiUoiwTOi' *} ow/ia, l} fVJf^, OVTtt 0^ TO yt- 

yvperoy, xlrrimg ijf yiveatg. 7. iTa* *a>Uv t/, efc 3 

nwvbvrai ; dst ydo thai [«] Tifv Tovdt fo Tovdfi et? to- 

■'fltffx/vijow, xai ftfl WnfowiJ yeysaiy, 'Afiads xalnug 

Icrrou / ov ^ao eora* pm&tioig »; t*# (Aa&tjosug ys\s- 

| i*£ • dr$t« ov^i ysydosstg yinoig, ovdf Tig Tivog. 

&;"Eti, «i TDt'a fiftij xtpjoett? 6ori> tovtvv turn <W- 

l ^Kip flra* Tfj* vTtox€i^yr t y <pvoiv, xal ft? a xtvovv- 

}■%*•'• oTov ayayxfj Tyr fpoqkv uXXoiovo&oti, i} a>sos- 

\~4&m. €f OXwg di bid xivuiai to xiyovpsyoy nay toi- 

I S*fc 4 *$ *<** * ovfifitfifixog, ri t£ /moo? t*, ^ tw x«& 

j <I^to, jrerra ovp(hfli)xbg pixoy Sty iydfyotxo fitxaftetX- 

lAt&tijv ftrrafioXrfv ' oloy, si h vyia$op.*yog TQifot, ij 

TfMN^ci^** tV ^* »aT» ovpfispqxbg atpupdy ndXa». 

4&**&i£ fa oins ovuiag, ovtstov Tioog tv, ovu tov 

| W*&r**l nioxuy, fainnai xma to noiby xal to »o- 

H2 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



116 , ARIST0 1KI IS 

aov , xal to nov %ivr\aw tlvat pop op* ip frtxarfp yiy 
ioti toitup ivavruMiC. *Il j*tv ovv xaxa to noihv . 
nivqw, aXXolwoig tor*)* wit'* ya$ 4rxd±£vxxt*t potrbv 
ovofM. Aeym di to noibv , ov ib iv Tij avoir* * x»* 
yito «f di€Upoovi 9 nowp • alia to Jta^t^xixov, na& u 
Xtytxai naoxtiv, 5 un&t&ss that, *H J£ xvti xb no- 
obv, to fte* xoipop, apwpvfwv ' ua& fault gov Si r rtv* 
£tja*s xal <p&loig • 1} pa* u$ xb xiUtor piy&&o$ t «v* 
£qorc 1} o« & tovtov, qi&lm<;* *// di x#n* to nov* 
xal to i'diov, xal to xoivbv, rxvtfivupoq ■ h'oxa fit rpogu 
xvlovftivri to xotvop. Kalxot Xiytxal ys qiigto&m 
tavta (iota xvofog, otap py in aurolf ?J to at^vm 
tots ptxapaXXovoi tov tonoy, xal Hon «ii« fii trivia 
xvpu xata tonop, 11. *II fi J tViiji «vrfii elfe /ma- 
/ffoA*} &r* to paXXop xal T,1i«|-, uAAotW/? f UT (»' ' 
yap Qivavxiov efc ivanim\ xivyois, */ «7il<w£ f ^ Jiij* 
t7d flip yif to tjxxop low*, e*c xovytxvxlov Itx&qQi.- 
t«m fitta^aXltiv • &r* #« to //aAAo?, w* *x tov 6*x*£ 
t/ot/ W£ TO ovto * Otaqpeon rap ot (5*> Jiij uzTaftalXuK 
if anXcag* nXify nx\ deijett xa fauvxla vji«c££*w* to flt 
ualXo* nal ffttop iatt, t£ nrJUW rf i'AaTtor tov *»-«*■- 
Wov lpvna$%ivp, *«* JM|- "0** P** ot '»' «v*a* Tpuf 
poVat xtvi?«T6«£ ftow, l* tov nor £ijio>\ 12. L&tHyTOjf 
# ^OTi, to',t« oAo»ff aWfaTOJ'^oJi^jji'Wi, wfjrfg ^O" 

^05 «00«T«ff, X«* TO iy TtollC^ Xi'OrtO pi}'i£ UtVOVjtt~ 

vov, 1} to (loaMus &f%ipw[>¥ M o Xiymtt Svaxiv^xov* 
xal to Trtgpvxoff fi«y xipuvdm Hal Avrapfvor, py »«- 
yov^cyoy^s to«, otta^prxF, x«* or K«i w^ t oW^ 

^tHUP XoOw Twy «Xl>^TWv ^OfOl^ - iyayxiw yuo ij- 
0«p/M Ilit^OM" tt<!T« tfTtO^(f£f «V et')J TOV ^CNTWOW. 

Digitized by G00gk 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. CAP. HI. 117 

Ti fih ovv iati xhrjoig, xal t< f/ofjuta, xal n6<jcu ^ue- 
tafleXal, xalnolai xtvtfOitg, yavtobv in twv tlgr}- 
pimv. 

CAPUT HI. 
jtfera di taxna Xiytaptv, xi ioxi to Sua, xal /w- 
qlg, xal ti to amttf&ai, xal ti to pstatif, xal ti xb 
i<pi$h$> *«* ti to ixifitvov, xal ti to awtxi$> xal 
toi£ noioig txactov xovxav vnaqxnv niyvxtv. 2."A- 
pvt ph ovv Xiyitat tavta tlvat, xata ronov, ooa iv 
tvl ion at iotl Ttowxta. Xaolg di, ooa iv ktiqta • anxs- 
a&cu di, •»* *« axoa Sua. M*xa$v di, tig o nooxt- 
qov niopvxtv ioptxvuo&ai to pttajSaXXov, % fig o 
eoxatov pstafiaXXu xctxvt tpvoiv ovysxtx; pttapaXXov. 
*JBv ilaxiotoig d* iotl to ptx*$i xoiolv. "Eoxaxov ph 
y&q ion trig ptxapoXqg to ivavxiov. 3. 2We/i»$ di 
Kit&rai, to ptjdh i} to oXiytotov diaXunov xov nqi- 
ypxxxog, /uij tov xqovov • "(ovdiv yao xioXvtt, diaXei- 
novnx , xal ti&vg di p&xa tr\v vnaxf\v q>&iy£ao9ai 
tyv veitw) aXXa tov nqaypatog, iv to xivutai. 
Tovxo di %v t* taig xata xonov , xal iv talg aXXaig 
pttafloXatg (paveoov. 4. *Evavtiov di xata xonov, 
ti nat tv&iiav anixov itXetatov fj yito (Xaxioxt] 
ittniqaoxott • phoov di, to mntqaopivov. 5.*l£q>t- 
($$ Si, ov pita tr^v aqxh* povov ovtog rj \Hoh, tj 
qpvfrft, f} aXXca twl, ovtiag ayooto&irrog, pydiv ptta- 
§i Am T»y iv tavtip yivu, xal ov ApeSifc ioti. Aiyta 
1% ■ ofov yqappfj yoapptjg, ij yqappai • % povadog 
#0**$. 4? povadtg • ij olxlag oixia. *'AXXo <J' ov&iv 
jmk&n ptxa$i> tlvat • to yaq bpftyg, tivl iq>t$yg, xal 
$o*$f&v tt • oi yaq to tv iq>t$r)g toiv dvo7v, ovdi n 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 

V 



118 AK1ST0TELI5 

VOVfAtlVia Tij£ fot/TfiOotG fffftl^ t rilla Ttxvi fcifrur* 
6. '£xof*Bvov St t b «V ixpt^g oV antfitat. *ETt*l$i 
naaa fi$jafloli} h toIq aviwupivotg, tb di attmb 
psva t« t« iraytia xtxl t« nam urttqwaw ■ uvtKpit- 
08ft>£ 6*8 ovdir ttyit tit our * tfttrrnoy PU h role tVor- 
t/o*£ ioTai to petce£v. To 6*e awf/tgi tint ftir onii} 
i/ofievov ti. ytiytii d£ tlvat uvy^eg t otav to at/io yt- 
vr\i(U xal IV to £jnmpov neaaf otg aftTOPTaf, *fl§, 
(lygneg atifiatvn Toi/rojuu, our«jpjT«t. Tow to Oi gv| 
oioy re, dvvlv or i air tliwi toly ot/btoji'. 7* Tov- 

TOV 6*8 duDOinuf'fvt , qpWf^OPj OTA fr TOVTOIf !<TtJ W 

ovvsx&St &* &v IV ti 7re<pu#fi ytvetj&at v&t& 1 1^ rvy*- 
J^iy, x«* <ug jrort y hit tit to ovvixor tr, ovrta xcrf TO 
oXov sat at ?*\ o\uy ^ yip qua t i} xolh iT ?/ B<p*j T ?} nqof- 
q>voH. 8. 'bttrtohy &e xtxl oti ng^iov to tytSq* 
iatf to j/ev yltq amoptvov, iviyviii itft^i; tfom* 
to 6*' 6<jp *•£*/£, du Tiar txntEa&ut ' fta *«* eV rc^OT*- 
po*ff Tw Ao/&> to fytfij? &my, oW *V «$»*#** oT? * *?f 
5* ovx ear*, Xr<£ ft pi* puptfcfr (jfa/xTj amtc&w 
el #' aWeTortj oirVrai avytjft'tf " ou ^ao ovv/m^ IV «i«h 
avjwr xa Sitgot, t* «jua tier ■ ail* ti it, ctvvtyMq nm 
npa. "jlgjt ij avpq>VGt$ wotutij xst(* Ttjv fmtfW" 
avayxrj yao atpaa&ttt , ti auptpvaGtat tix A'xQrt* 1 
9s vurrofiGt'tt, ov navta avp-impviecp * fr oi* di ^if 
iotiy Styiy, Sqlov oiiol'x Iffnv o-iSt intpyvotffa to«» 
Tot?. 9.,1f2?T & tfJTt mtypii nm povUt. oin$ Myap- 
otxex&QiGpitrts, qv% oTof re Etvai parada kai flT*- 
yfiijf!' to a-VTo * t«7^ piv yag vWf^i to ^wt? 0#fl* 
t«7j ^i ^io^«0a to ^qps!?jf, K01 tw^ /ify /pclFgfnw 
elvai ti /ictrIi!. 2/«ua ;«o /pa/i/itj, /A£Tofv uri^ur 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. CAP.IV. 110 

ivy d*, ovx av&yxn • ovdiv yap prtalv dvadog xal 
poyadog. 10. Tt piv ovv &ro to Spa xal £<»£*£* 
xal xi to aitxto&ah xctl xi to psxatv, xal to iq>t^g, 
xal xi to ixoptvov xal ovvexw * *<** *•*£ noioig &*- 
ow Towwy V7idfx*h etQrjteu. 

CAPUT IV. 
jlifo o« xivttotg Xiytxai noXXax&g * to /«£ & 7roA- 
*<*#«£ Xiyopsv. rivH pev ovv pia, xaxa t<x oxypaxa 
xqg xax^yogiag ioxi' a>ooa piv yitg, navy g>oo£ t£ 
yip** pi<* ' aXXoitootg di, tpooag kxiga tw yivu, iXdu 
di pkt, oxav tw /eVf t /u/« ovou , xal iv axopq tfdsi 
jf olov, jfoca/iaro? piv tUn diayooai • xotyaqovv 
aXlri tw sldti pikavoig , xal Xtvxctvaig- naoa ovv 
Xtvxavaig itaorj Xivxavon r\ aixij xaia to tldog usxav 
xal naoa piXavoig psXavow Xevxoxrjxt d* ovx £r** 
dtk t^> *?#** ft/a Xtvxavaig Xivxotvau ndoy - el di 
iaxw ana a xal yivq apa xal fldtj ioxl, dyXov ovv 
w$ sfdu none [da tar at, anXmg di pia iVdu, ov * olov, 
ij fHx£t)OLQ, u r\ imoTrjpt), sldog uiv vnoXq^ag, yi- 
y%$ di xmv imaxt)pwv. 2. 'ATToyrjOUs d ay rig, tl 
i&ki> fila xlvrioig, Stay ix xov avxov xo aixo tig to 
OVTO psxafiaXXy olov, *j pia oxiypri in xovds xov 
%£mov tig xbvd* xov ximov naXiv xal ndXw. £l di 
hAto, «0Ta* f) xvxXoopoQia xfj tv&vopooia i] airy • 
xsfit t) xvXioig xy (ladioei. 3. *H duipoxai to iv w 
i£* zieqov ji to> sldu, on kxioa xivqaig; to di 7teot~ 
**oig, xov tv&iogfatQOV tw tldn. Fivu piv ovv xal 
d0n xivi\aig pla, ovxmg. 4- e AnX&g di pla xivi]atg, 
%m$ ovgict fUa, xal x$ aot^uw- xig di S\ xoiavxij, 
tifcv duXouivoig * xqia yaq tort, xov aQi&pbv ntol 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



W AKISTOTBLIS 

a liyofiMv Tqv xlvymv plcttf, ©, x«i tp «j, xa< ojf . /flt- 
/« O* o, Sf* awa/xij ttVaf 11 to Htyavfit WW • oi oi' «r- 
&(}&7SQv t y xqvwiif. Kul ivjtvt tovio xivttv&w u\m 
ip lony, yip nuSct, xat TtoiF ■ «V jpooi'M /«o fta* 
ximTOJt. 5. 7bLTuv 3c 10 ^«r si*'«* ?w ^pm t( i&> 
cl'ifa* ju/W, Am* (V T«ji TtQufttttTt i$ f ot xiytiTUi. To 
di fyofiavov ijv iy t£ ^oj'^j - to i5* «a/ijv pit**, i* 
anaonoviow* xul ^«^ iv t*i t tv dtl tlvui nal wto- 
fiiov • atovto eldoi, Kul av ro orf, oiov iojr jfooVav 
IW , xal pt} titctltittiiv* Jtwt Tn xivoiJ^ifrui 1 IV flW*, 
pi) xata avp(li§tix6q ■ w^ti^i to A*i'*o»> ptWrfirfta** 
*al Koqioxov ftufit£(tv m \v fii. tint o Xoo*o~xo£, «a« 
Acwcox, «JUa x«t« ovju f ?E/?Tjxo^ Mr t Si xoivoy iff 
yif aV ap«t |vo fo^oAJTiots- u;'*«£ttf#u* tiJ|f 6Et>iigr 
vyiwoiv, olov oqt&alplas, 'Akt ov pia avt^ t il£ 
iidth fiia. 6* To &, £i>ixymi} tr t v airi}* ph &i<* 
AOtWt? fulXoiovaifni Tot fi'Ji*fr T fV «JUiu 5* ^rxi™, ***! 
Ttmhp iy alio?' it p&v cV&jfnat to ffthtittr naltv h 
yiyso&CU Tfti afix/ji^, fi'^ cU 1 xffl (jur jj iuVx - ei iMpq 
*j avxi} jit*, ftia $* ov, 7-*Iyf£* tf* «jro£iW ravf| 
naj>otnXr)9uar, x&l nittya-v pta ^ vyUwt, nut ol«j£ ttl 
«2?f*S xa* t« »a^', Ttj ovvla tloiv fy tolg Gtopaot * ju- 
VQVfkW* /«0 fair trt/i- i« i#ovr« xa* qtWTft* J a y 
t] awn? xc£ pia 7\ wdtr mil vvv iyittu, diit it ov* «* 
xvl otoiv diaimwy Xufii) xat Tialtv j^v vyiu&v, ntd 
«n«^ XonI btivr} mia jut uyid-pip av itij; S. *Q yrt$ 
avio? Aojfoc* nAtj** totjotJio*' ^a^io^ or*, u pvr 
^VO> 4a* «WQ T«iro, u^ Ty tfptd-^iji /i/^ wa» T«tf JJiiC 
uviyw i^'« yip ufi#p£ cv«V/«t«] foi? *qt&pf. 
JS2 4' ^ Ififf ^dj loot? ovx ov t^) Oi'^ft fro) /*/« Ha j 

Digitized by G00gk 






PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. *AP. IV. 121 

hiftytia slim*' oiav yaq navQyxeu (ladftwv, ovx 
hi ioxiv if ftadung * naXw di (l«idi£ovxog, eaxcu. El 
ovr pda xal r\ aixij, iydfyoixo &v xo avxb xal ey xal 
qrfHfyia&at xal ilvai ixoXXaxtg. Avxai piv uaiv al 
anogiai t$«* x*)g vvv oxiipmg. 9. 'Entl di owtx^g 
nttoa xivrjoig, xr\v xs ctnlwg piav avaptrj xal ovvtxv 
slyeu, ti'nsg noKsa diaiQtxr} , xecl el ovvtx*& pid • ov 
yaq naaa yivovt av owtj^? naoy, mgntq oidi mXXo 
vvdiv, xfy xvx&vxi xo xu%6v * aXt oooav ev xa toz<xi<x • 
(bxvtxm di, xwv piv ovx $0x1, xmv d* iaxlv , (ilia x&i 
ri$ n xal optivvpa • nag yaq Sv Hynxtxo, i] IV yivoi- 
xv xo ws%axov, yqapptjg xal fiadieewg ; 10. 'Exops- 
rcu piv ovv thy av xal al prj avxal x<p si'da, utjdi 
xip yivn • dqapwv yiq av xtg nvq&inev ev&vg, xal 
oW xi Xapnag, ix diadoxrig, a>oqa ixoptrri, ovvsxh$ 
$* ovx «m* xeixaiyaq xo ovvsxig, cSv xa toxaxa &. 
v Jl$xt fyoptvaxal iq>f$rig fiat, xw xbv xqwov thai 
ovy$x*l* ovvex&S di, T( P *<*£ xivr]ang • xovxo 5', oxav 
tv xbloxotxov yivi\xai apydiv. 11. Jib avayny xyv 
attrp t<*» BiSu thai, xal frog, xa* iv kvl XQ®**? ™l v 
awkag owezv *twimv *«* play. 7o> £g6ra> i"* y » 
vXtog py axiVTjoia p*xa$v rj • iv rw diaXslnovxi yaq 
rfttpuv ar ay X7j. IloXXal ovv xal.ov pla r) xivrjotg; 
&y i$tiv qqtpia p%xa$i. "jlgxe st ti$ xivxtaig oxaou 
dtttXapP<xv6xat, ovxs pia, ovxs ovv*x*lS' duxlappa- 
vtttn di, ei psxa$v xqov°S ' r V? && t $ **^ f * PV ?*<*$, 
ofy **^ ** (*V 8iaXcinexat,bx(?ovog 9 b piv yaQXQoyog, 
&$+ ry d* el'dn, fj xivnaig Skkif xrjv piv yaq play 
&pAy*fi xal x$ eld si piav thai • xatnufy di a7tXS>$ 
thai piav, ovx avayx^ Tig piv ovv xivx\Qig anXmg 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



122 #AKlSTOTELIS 

pla, tfo^Tcu. 12. "&t &*, liyexai pla xal if T&*fo& 
iav xt xaxa yitog, iar xe xaT« £?£o; r\ t iav xtxux 
o volar* ws**o xal bcl xmv alXmv to xilsiov xal blov 
tow 4?d$. "&m & or«, *$r axtXyg *J, ft/a Xiytxa^iav 
uovov ji owixW* 13- "&**>$*, allmg naqa tag «*• 
qypivag Uytxa* pla xivyoig, 4 Ofifidijc. 'llyag awi-* 
paXog bqxiv e$g ov dox«* /*/<x, aAAa pallov y opaXitf, 
iigneq ij tv&ua • tj ^ao aw/uxilo?, diatom? . *J£oix* 
tfi dia<piquv w$ to pallor xal yxxov. **Eaxi d' i*i~ 
naajj xivtjosi, to bpalmq rj pi\ • xal yitq ay aXXoufo* 
bpaXmg, xal qtiooixo iq> bpalov, olov xixlov, i} «*> 
&slag 9 xal negl avtyv waavxttg xal qpvhW. ,14* ^6* 
v&pallag d' iotl $iaq>oqa, bxi fifr, i<jp' w xmtra*? 
advvaxov yaq bpaly thai xyv xivrjmv py inl bpalf 
psyi&u* olov, f) tt)g xsxXaopivrig xiyr)<j4$ y i}jjT$$ 
eXixog, % aXXov ptyi&ovg, <av pi] iataqpoxxu to ivz&t 
inl to TVjjfoy pigog. 'Ore di, ovxb dp tw nov, ovxt4$ 
tw ttot*, ovfe & ?£ «Js o, aXX 3 iv t<£ <£$. Ta/VTijK 
/ao xou Poaduxyxi, ivloxs dmqioxai • r^g ptv yitq w 
awTo xaxoi y opaXyg • t# di ^, avw/uaAo?. ^f»o ovs 
tldt} xwriattag , ovds diaqtoqal , to£0£ xa* ^oadvYffe 
ow naoaig axoXov&u xaig diayoqoig xax ildob 
"Jlgxe oidi ftayvxyg xal xovyoxrig rj tig xb avxb 9 oW 
yqg nqbg avxyy, tj nvqbg nqbg avxo. 15. Mia pit 
ovv i] avwfiaXog, xq aw^j * yxxoy ds • orao t^ «a? 
xlaopirp ovp(lalveh 900$ * to d* ^TToy, /u^*? a«* «•■ 
iyayxlov, Ei di naaav xrp play ivdixixcu xal ap*l% 
thai xal pif, ovx av tfyaar al py xax tldog i%ip$** 
vat, xal avian, pla xal ovytxyg • nag yaq Sv *ri| bpa*- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. CAP. V. 123 

qg if i$ allouiotag ovyxHuivq xal tpoQag ; dtoi yao 
&paQfi6xxHv. 

„ CAPUT V. 
"£tt di dtoowxtov, nola xivqoig ivavxia xiyqoei • 
& ntol fiovTjg di tbv aitbv jqonov. AuuQtxiov di 
nqwxov, ndttoov ivavxia xivqoig y ix xov aixov xp 
tig *o ctita, olov y i$ vyitiag %y tig vyitiav, olov xal 
yivtoig xal <p&ega doxii ' y ij 4£ ivavximv, olov ij g 
vyteiag jjj ix vooov • rj >} tig ivavxia, olov if Big vyi- 
ttav tji tig vooov • 1} % i$ ivavtiov xjp e{$ ivavxiov, 
©Jo* i| U? vyuittg ty tig vooov fj ij i£ ivavxiov tig 
ivurdov Tjj i$ ivavtiov tig ivavtiov, olov, */ & vyitiag 
dg vooov tI} ix v6oov tig vyUmv • avayxi\ yaq 1} tva 
j mm xovxuv tlvai tmv toonttv, % nltiovg • ov yao 
alius arnu&ivou. 2* "j£ov 1 £4, ij /&& & fray- 

idv tJ e*$ ivavtiov oix frontlet, olov fj 4$ vyitiag xy 
dg vooov • 19 aixif yaq xal /u/a. To uivtoi thai, 
to «vto avxalg • iignto oidi to ovto to & vy*- 
*fo? pttafialltiv, xal to «fc poow. 3. Outf* ^ £ 
havtiov ttj 4§ ivavtiov • «pa /ao ovpfiaivti i$ ivav- 
tiov, xal tig ivavriov, ij Mtxa£v. 'Allit ntql pkv tov- 
*#ff twrffoy ioovutv. 'Alia pallor to tig ivuvtiov 
mmafiilktiv do£titv av afooT «7fa* ti}s tvanu&otag, 
4*.*i # havtiov • *j pey yio, aTraJUaytj i$ bavtio- 
t%tog 9 y di, lijyig* Kal liytxai di kxaoTt) tig o 
pttapdllti (iHlov, ^ 4$ ov • olor vyiavatg y tig v- 
fkmVj vooawig di i\ tig vooov. Atinttou dy y tig 
hmvtlu, xal rj tig ivavtia t*s ivavtitav - Tcc^a pit? ovv 
ovpfktivti, tag tig ivavxia xal & tvavxlmv thai • aA- 
A« to tlvai tacog ov to avxo • liyat di, xb tig vyieiav* 




124 AltlSTOTfiLlS 

to* ix voaov • xa.1 to *z vyttiugj jm rig *>otfo>. 4^ ifr*J 
di dnx<pioei (itxafioXii xirtjam$ - (ij €* wog yit^ vm~ 
xupsvov itg t* wroxt^jo-or tttittfioXt} xlvijotg iaiw f ) 
rj 4£ faavxioxf tig ivapxior tJJ «| ivavjlov tig ivartlWj 
xivr^aig ivavxia' olov, y i$ vyitiag rig vq<tof rjj & 
voaov tig vyltxav. 5. d^lay di xal fa rt\g invyw- 
ytjg, ondia doxu xu tvavxlu thin* to voatt±tu&at 
yao xta vyui&o&ai, xai to fjaydavetr t<? uit&Tua&tf* 
pi} 5t avtov • tig iyarxtu yug * ingnr p /«£ fam4~ 
/uijy &my, ovna xal umtiqv xttl &t uvxov xrttti&w 
xaldi aXXov. Kal t] uvta tfogrt % tJjxutm* iyaftta 
'/uq xuvxot &v pyxei. Kut ^ rig dt$iu, i >,> tig agum- 
ga m ivavxia yag xavxu iv tiXuut. K&l r t tig to Iju- 
nooa'd'sv, xt) tig to QittG&ty ivayria yug xal ittura 
iv pid'ti. 6. *H 9 9 dg to ivtivxlov povor, ov xfrq~ 
oig, aXXct fttxafioXt], alar to ylyvto&at Xtvxbv py ht 
xwog. Kotl oooig di fi^ inxl t* ivavxlov, fj it ttiiuv* 
xy tig avxb (itxaffaXrj, ivavxia. J to yivtQtg qt&oi$ 
ivavxia, xal anafioXv Xtjipn, Avxat di t ptxaftoXm 
[isv, xivyoHg #' ov. 7. Tug d' rig to utxa^v ntv^- 
atig, oaoig twx ivavxim xi ten* /mcifir, itg tig ivav- 
xia nnq &exiov • wg ivavtlm y&$ ££»/*<** tw ***?<*£ u \ 
xlwqaig, icp bnoxsga av utxaftuXXji' oiov, ix <putov 
psv tig to Xtvxbv, &$ in piXavog ■ xni ix Xtvxov, ug 
(poubv, ig tig (liXctv fa Si fdXuvng ng tputbr, mg tig 
Xtvxov to yiiQ yaw, xo pinov ngag gxatfooy Xiyt- 
xai n»g x&x Uxgtav, xu&anfq iXq^xut xal Ttgottpov. 
Kivrioig pi* tit) xivqott ivuvxlu ovuag^ ^ ^ ipuvtfov 
tig ivavxiov, tJ t$ h&rTfov rig ivavjiov. 

Digitized by G00gle 



PH1S1C. AUSC. LIB. V; CAP. VI. 126 
CAPUT VI. 

'Eml Si %ivf\<m oi povov Soxti xivrjotg tlvcu ivav- 
r«, avliUx xul f}Qtp(a , xovxo SvoQtaxiov • ctnXwg psv 
cx£ ivttvxiov xivrjoig xivijon, ivxixuxai Si tcaly riqt- 
ict • if ti^fitng yio ioxiv. "Eaxi &' Sg xal tj vxioyaig 
ill* Xiyexai* \itolm Si nbia; olov ty xaxa xonov, 
waxa tonov; alia xovxo piv vvv liytxai an Aug* 
4x906? yao TiJ ivxav&ol povjj, r\ ix xovxov, ij tig 
ovxo xirrjcng avuxttttti; 2. /ttyov Si] oxi, inel iv 
wlv ^ xlrqaig vnoxtipivo*g, xf t piv ix xovxov tig 
tmrtlov, y iv xovxy povy • xjj S\ ix xoivavxiov tig 
Ovxo, ij iv tip ivavxlq. "jlptt Si xcu etllfjlmg irav- 
xt avxui • xo» y *Q Sxonov, & xwr\ong pkv ivavxim 
_ v, yotpicH Si uvtixtiptvcu oix U(fiv. EpoI Si ai 
> votg tvuvxtotg • olov, v\ iv vyuia, t$j iv voom ijoe- 
xwrjoti Si tiJ i$ vyitktg tig viow m tj; ykq ix 
tig vyinuv, Sloyov • ij yaq tig aixb xivrjoig, 
•p Ztrtipttv, r t <ppr)<ng pallov eow, r t ovpfluivti yt 
ylyt*o&m tJ xtrrjan. 'Aviyxy Si tj xmhtiv, tj 
' c?r«r oi yap y ye iv Xtvxoxyu ijptpia ivav- 
tj} iv vynlf. 3. Oooig Si ptj ioxiv ivavxia, 
' ptxafioXi] piv ioxiv avttnupivtj rj i* avtov xtj 
nixo* xlvtiotg S* ovx tow oiov ij 45 ©Vro$, r§ 
r $v. JC*» povt\ piv xovx&v ovx fori*, aptxetfliriolv 
I. Knl. tl piv u «Tij vnox%tp*vov to uy ov, y iv tip 
^^ L ^i ^iptxaflXijeict, xtj iv x% pr\ ovx*, tvavtla • d Si 
taxi xt to p*i ov, ilnoefiotuv Sv ug, xbi ivnvxla 
1 4* VM Svxt aptxafiiyoia, x»i ti rjfitpia ioxb* ti Si 
9, if oi ntctia tjotpht *wfjtrt* ivttvxia, ij ii yiv$- 
xal rj <p&ooi xivv^mg. Jtflov xohw on *if$pl* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



126 AKISTOTELIS 

(lev ov Xexieot, tl pig xul av rctt luyiJtfE K* OfMuov &* 
xi xal apnapltjatti - i> ay tit* ft, % av&wl,_ n tij t 

yevsaig us **dvi]i. 4^ Ldjrop*Jtfei* £* «V Tig, &«?/, 

f V fi€V Tjj XCfMf TO7I0* pBTafiolj}, tfal *t*l #»*« Oa'tfl* 

xat ftaoa <pvaw, aal fioval, jer<2 tftjijtwiff * *f ft *«w 
ctkXatg, ov' olov «yUotW*£, ij p**, *«*a ^ugi*" ^ ft, 
naou qntow • ai&ir yaq ptklkov q uyiaws* if v " fi * 
aavaiq, xaia gruoti', *i tt«^« ^tHr* ovft l*i"»w*** 
^ ji*iava*s' bpoiut dk xal iii atifijofu? *«* <p#iae«tf* 
ovti yitQ avxcu uklylmg travtiah ***? ipvott, *J W| 
<piW, oi?T€ av£qo~w avlyatt* Kul Intywiamg ft *«* 
(p&opxg o aittbg koyog " oifre /»£* *j ^tK yivwu* k«i 
cpvaw, i] ft <p&ogot ituQti (fivotv, to /h^ y*lQf£V *** J 
(pvoiv. OvJ8 yhttaw ofaljHft'f tjj*' jiti' *af« <jpinn*; 
Tijv ft :*«£« qpvau'. 5- £i ft *tf« to /Si a Jrtfptf qw* 
cw, jccel <p#oo<): uV d'i) qp^opfj lvtf*fi<* i}Jti*iQ£, « 
jtaoiupvow ovaa t tj| *«*« qp-uaty * ttpi* ouv »«** Jf«* 
€Ff*$ cioty.fiyiaft/Ucuot, xai ol<# Hpap/terat, a*? * 
Ti«» at xaia yvffti r , Kott oei^ijfffiff /9/afoA, «a* qpffitfti 
olov «v|^o«*fo a I ta^ t^v flu* T^wp^v jifiwviw s 
ol o*to«, ol T«/u afloujo/iii'OJ, xal pvi ndfi&& 
6. 3 Enl d* alXauavmt;, ™ ? ; ij uaotuw^i M^l 
yao ay, at ^ tjj'^ jStaio^ «t 3i <pu<i«coi*, olor i 
aydfisvot ft^ Ik x^*ai>OK ^t^«K, ol 5' tv «^wji>w 
ol ^cy, na^a yvuut ■iilloiwtut ■ ot 5t, xaia ^yira 
"Eoovtoli. 6' havttffi «t (p&o$m iklykvic, ov ;^» 
a«*S. Xai Tt y« xofAt/f*/ tan ya% w$ ' xtd ykq IH 
pb>, ^ft*a* ♦/ ft, lujirifiti ti'n ' ai^Tt ovx aiiAws y^O 
^jt ^p^-ooa evwiia • alX /,. h ^ «*#-, tojw67 <u-n«y *iii 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V. CAP. VI. 127 

7) dixoiadi. L^Ohaq pb> ovv evarxia* xwrjottg xal 
ifetfdcti, xbv uqufdvov TQOTtor tiolv • olov r\ avto, rjj 
xcctw xinov yao tveLVXWxmg avxat. <P4qstcu 6e, 
tip fi%v art* (poQay, yvon xo txvo • xrjv di xaxm ij yrf 
**«» erccvticu aixmv ai (poQctl. To di nvg, Stuo fiiv, 
fVW x«rw di t naqk <pvoiv. Kal ivavxla yt r\%a- 
lit <pvmr aitov , xi) nctfct <pvmv. 8. Kal fioval d' 
iaavttag • */ ykq avfa (lory, xrj arta&w x&x<o xinjaet 
irorvxla. rtyvexai di xtj yji, % pbr jitovrj ixtivr\> naqa 
ipvotv • ^ ^ xlvr t aig avxri xaxa (pvoiv. Iflgxt xivyoH 
port) ivavxla, y net get qrvotv xfj xorra q>voiv xov av- 
TOV * xal yag x\ xivtjoig % xov aixov, ivavxla ovxag* 
f} fib yaq xata (pvatp avxav torca, ^ aVai, ^ h *«n» • 

^ Jc, TTOLQU <pV0lV. 9* '^5?** #' aJtOQlaV, £* £(JTt 7T«- 

*!$ yospfas xyg fii\ otei, yivsoig, xal avxrj xb i<rra- 
afrort* tov dij' naga (pvotv pivovxog, olov ryg yyg 
uvea, tih) av yivsoig. "Oxe &qu iyiotxo avm fila, toxa- 
*o. 'Alia to [a&v ioxupsvov, otsl doxii cpigta&ai -d-ax- 
%ov • - to di ftlcc, xoivavtlov. Ov ysvofievo'v aga qot- 
ftdvy, toxtu tiQtpovy. "j£tt doxti to laxao&ai xvqlwg 
Xdysa&ai, ij blag itvcu, inl rov xaxa <pvow eig tbv 
ttvxov xoitov (piqeo&ai, ij ovpflalvttv Sfia. 10.^/a 
V Anoqlav, tl kvavxia i\ pori] v\ toxavfru , xrj ivnv- 
SN^' xirtjoH m oxctv yaq xwrjxcti 4x xovdl, t\ xal «tto- 
fhttijl, fti Soxii $x* lv T0 ano/faXXofisvov. "jlgve tl 
SPtjj rjospla ivavxla xtj irxtv&w ug xovvavxiov xi- 
9%9t$ K dpee vndgUi xuvavxla. "liny tiQSfiu, u rn /ii- 
l4t; oltog Si xov xwovfiivov, to /i«y ixu' xb d\ fig 
S'jitxitpdlUi • dib xal palXov xlvr^oig xwrjoH irav- 
w,'| tjoiptjmg. 11. Xal w«^» fiev xwqaewg xat 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



128 ARISTOTKLIS 

r,qtfuag, xal m»( ixaxtqa fUa, xal jivig hunk** t*- 
ow, $fyr)Ttu. ^Anoqyotu-d* av xtg xal mqixov 
iUjxjbuj&ou, si xal, ioeu n&qa amour xwqeug, xavxaig 
ioilv JjQifUa aptuteiperri. £i fxiv ovv ui\ foil, axo- 
nov pivu yaq, fila di m iigxt tiqtfiovv it, tfrra* evn? 
aitl ctviv xov ytvia&ai. 12. 'Atta dijXoy, oxt so**** 
oigjiEff yuo xwutcu jtaqa yvoiv, xal ^c/iOif? av xi 
naqa (pvow. *£nd d° taxtv ivioig xivtioig xatu <pv- 
oiv xal naqa yvoiv, olov nvql, xaxa yvgiv ph *j arm, 
i] di xaxo naoa q>v$w, noxtoov uvty ivmvxiu, y 4 
xyg yqg,- <*%**! Y&Q <pdqsxatxaxa yvoiv xaxo. *ir£j}- 
lov oi* iifiaw, all* ov/ ogaviog * ak£ i) piy wg xa- 
xa a>vaiv rjj xaxa a>vo~w fj & avo xov ixvqbg tjJ xa- 
xo, og tj xata yiow xj/ naqa yvoiv* 'Opoiog di xal 
xaig fiovaig. Kal neql fdv xivqasog, xal ijqspiag, 
nog btaxiqa fiia, xal xivtg ivuvxiai xiatv, efyi?Tcu.J 



LIBER VL 

CAPUT I. 

JtLX di iffxir avvtxh* *a* anxopsvov, xal Ape£i?£, og 
duiquixai nqoxtqov ovvi/h P&» w *a £o/ar« fr* 
anxopiva di, ov ap,a * i<pt$r}g di, ov fty&iv /trra£* 
ovyysvig" advvaxov il adiaiqhov tlvai xiovvezk* 
olov, yq*p.ui\v 4x oxtypov, ifnsq y yqappii p& ow*- 
Xk> n oxiyny di adiaiqtxov • ovxt yaq %v xa sa^ax* 
xov axiypov • ov yaq ioxi xo fiiv soxaxov, xb d* al- 
io t* uoqwv xov adiaiqhov • ov& Sfia xic tafaxa ' 
4tv yaq ioxiv saxaxov oi&iv xov aptfovg * hsqtf 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. I. 12fr 

yay to itjgarov, if a* ov taxatoy. 2. *'j£ti, ayuyxi] ijf- 
toi tswsxtiq elvtti tug oitypas, *j alttoftivaq alli}lw t 
e* wv eon to owtx&g. 'O d' aviog Xoyog xal inl 

Ttii-nriv to* u&tatgfrwy. 2w*x&$ /tier flif ovx av shy, 
tha ibv ugyphov ioyoy emtetat dh.anav,. ij oXov 
cloVf i} $tioa$ pdyovg, i\ oXov /tuoo?. 'j&tel £' apt- 
Qts jo dSmti^tTov, tiyci/inj blov iXov aitTBa&ai • oXov 
<5 ' * Slov H'iftiu*i p (0', olm t*n«t ov9t%ig • to yip avyt- 
zi%tzti+ to fiiv allOf to d aXXo fiegog' xal #«**#**- 
i*ft fig ovtwff iwpw *«* tojto x*x»QHS(Uva. *AXXa [iqy 
av&i eqpclq? urnr* oriyftvi ottyfir}?, ij to vvy xov vv* t 
mgr 4x tout to** t]yat tu ftijito; ?J toy jfooVoy ' ty*&l$ 
nhf yui$ iajtv f wr ur { &£r ion (tsta$v ovyytyif ottr- 
yp&ty & ieltb m«t«£ij y$afipL7\ y xal tS>v vvr jfOoVoc 
3-^'ti dtaigoij oV dg adicUq rra, tftico, $ »y &r*y 
emixtcocu', tig ttturw duuqutai. *AX£ oi&iy tiv t&y 
&\iytj£Mv tig £fAt.qji oW prior*. aXXo M yipo? qv% oiay 
t* tlvui filial v imv utiypmv xal imp vvv ov&iv • tl 
yttt* ttjrcft, AijjIov ras »jt<m ocixfOtTOJ', i}. adialqtTOV 
tcjr**i ' xdi f i diaiozTQy, £ «fc a&atotia, iy «l( <*** &- 
a*£m* ■ touto <5* ol> ?*/*;• <P<waoor b*i xal or* war 
uwr/«£ oWajto* m? «eJ oWorra* ct yaq big iduu- 
otTic, ffcrTHi doW^ero? adiatofTOtf aTtiofttyov %y yaq 
10 tcr/uTbv p Jfffi uniintij tnx OWJjfwy. 4* T©5 d 
iivioi Xo>'dt>, xw» piyt&og, xal XQWoy, xal xlyr^aw i£ 
adtaiQiwv ovyxtla&nt, xal dtaiQua&cu uf adutlftta, 
ij fUi&iv. 5, Jr t lov Si ix w^l' ti yio TO piyt&0$ 

£ u^*«i^i'iii#*' or/xfiTf/f, x«I ^ xixifaig ^ tovtov ^| 
fowv x^vigaeu}/ t*/r«/. adtatpmit'* o!or f ti to a ft y. ix 
T*»y tx /5 / AjtJv (iJiK^eTwy, [**Y\ V »^«H^ ^P ^« ^ 
A ni ST, PHfi. A use* 1 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



430 AKISTOTEL1S 

, t s, h»n»n xb o i*l *;,!>> Py **«««<»»* «»" 

*t«> ««*<>« &■» •&■**•»>'. 6- £i «1 «»«-««« «- 
rja«* awywj *"«<**<»' « . x" 1 « " tw ; r<,i "' ^r 
rur, nooiiva* *i*wy, ««i» ****m»nm4 <* 

J,oy »/»^ir. Ti 3* ,5 * «i • - *«' TO y mfm *T 
in, to £. 7. J& «* iviy*n ™ wwufww* *•»■ 
not, av Hua *«■%»« *«t«wii^*« »^ lraT \°" 
tevAro- (oW, » ftfofaff™? M*'', «^"«"»: «> u0 

£ « «*» *•** *m-tlw ™ •• ? 1 ,™ * K "" iff,f W 

;«* « «>««?% ** «• °i^,*>»™?** ■"■»£ 

tfivtw oi jm™. "Ji«« •<««« » /»«?'««••""" »•* 

tot 9. £i «w» «*•«>"<>) <j wvmS* i * u,Sa9 Bt * 

j£n«V mcjOTiK. A-«4»«t «» f* *»*•**?.« 

i 

Digitized b»G00gle j 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VI. CAP. II. 131 

MtrTfOti ddutlgexov tlvtu xov ZQOVov xal ovyxua&cu in 
xAv vtrv, ovxtav ab\aigix<av • ei ydq anaoa ddtaigtxog, 
iv t$ iXdxxovi di xb looxazig tiieunv tXaxxov, diatgtxbg 
toxai xal b xg6vog. JEt 8' b ZQOvog diaigrtbg toxai, 
iv » (pigtiai it xfyv a, xal r) to a toxai tiictigtttj, 
CAPUT It 
y £ftil$s Ttayplys&og sig [ityi&ri oWoeroV • (flaflft- 
xxa* yaq on altivaxov i$ dxofitov elvaixi ovvtxig * fiiyt- 
&og d* iaxlv anav owtx&si) dvdyxr\ to tf-tfTToy, iv t$ f- 
0<$XQ° vb J p&Sov, xal iv tw sXdxxovi loov, xal iv rw (Xdx- 
xoviitXiiov xiviio&at, xa&dnsg bgtSovxalxmgxb &ax- 
tov*> lorrw yit g to iqp $ to a, tov iqp w fi, &axxov. *JEitel 
toiwv &axxovioxt to ngbxioov pexaffdXXov, iv ^XQOVta 
to « \i*ia$i$Xi\xtv ana xov y tig xb d, oXov iva& £ 17, 
it xovxw xb ft, ovnxa toxai ftgbg xb d, aX£ drioXriiftti. 
*5lgxt iv tw Toco xqovco ttXsTov dtuoixb $axxov. 2.14*- 
Xa pip xal iv tw iXdxxovi, nXiov xovxov • iv (o yaQ 
to a yeyivrjxat nob? xy d, to ft toxai itgbg tw t xb 
ftfadvxtyov ov. Ovxovv, irttl xo a nobg x& d yeyi- 
vyxat iv anavxi x$ £ y /ooVai, nqbg t3 # carat iv 
titiixxon xovxov • xal Sotoj iv x$ f x, To ply ovv y 
ft o &£Ai$Ai/&€ to a, fitl£ov ion, xov y 9, & 8i z<fi~ 
ife o £ x iXdxxuv xov navxbg, xov £ i\* *Slgxe iv 
mixxovi Sinai fieltov. 3. Q.avtQOv ds ix xovxmv, 
4Ji ot*:to &axxov iv iXdxxovi XQovu Situn xb Joov, 
'l&ttt&ij ydq xi\v (itttto iv iXdxxovi 9tioz*xai xov /fy«- 
falxegov, avrb b*i xa& aixb XapfTdvofievov, iv nXsiovi 

Siy<o xijv fiti'to) xyg iXdxxovog, otov xr\v X p, fiijg X J, 
d5wv Sv <«V'o XQOvog b n q ? fv $ tyv'-X fi dii(>z*x<**> 
iV^i ol iv » xrjv X |. "SLgxt'il o no XQovog iXat- 

I 2 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



|32 ARISTOTELIS 

twv BOtou tov n Xt «' 9 ™ ft™**™* 01 ' flugpru' trp 
A & *al o it a Hat™* ioz\ *(*u V *? » * t r ™ l^t 
jro AaTTW to ds tov Hot twos tX<mov t xn* avro &« f - 
Toy . w?t« eV iXanon wr^ % i\ att t* t. t o Igoy. 4 . Ifln 3f , u 
way <W/xi2 ^ fr fa* *?«¥» n ** f A« w«- fl * y ***/o*» 
xtmo^, xew to fear : «* wlwW* faMttfov,vo 8 
i'oq WOT*X*S> T0 *• &i**ov, <™« itfOiajffejP ov™ ^*r- 
JvTcooy, oiV «y lay, ovt iy nUlon *wum to &*?% 
T or Xiinttai ovv iv il&tioyi. "iiff" iW/xij * 
to hoy peys&og iy iXcwovi ^o^^uVvai to #« 
Toy. 5, '£*«* 3c 7r«oa pey xhijmg ef jrpoywj **• f > 
Srrayr* /ooyq» fo/yaroy xiyij £!)*«*, ™*y ** ™ *w™P*- 
yoy f yftfctro' xa» #Stioi> wrtfofoH *<** . fcaKttQO¥ t 
iy SinavTi XQ° v( if *o*«* to #KtTov xtre7a*m *ff*0(F«- 
^ T ^oy. Tovtwv/ oViwy, iir«/|«a x«* tiy jfjiw: 
01/yijOT elya*. My» ** gvv*X*K to fli«ifl*w ei? 1 
5i.atorr« • toutov yaq lnoxetpivov tov avvtXMh 
av&yKti ovyexn slya* w jf^oyoy. 6- ^™ l r«fl * J 
oVxtw*, ot» To^aTToy h el<iii*yi ^ta 
looy, £OT0)TOf*iy iff 4 «. *««oy* to 3 *<p W 
PoadvtiQoV xa* x«x*yiga#u to PoadvuQov, w tp 
4 y Sfiiys&og, iy r$ £ fl /*«*?■ ajjioy to/*** 3 
to ^«TToy h iXatroyi. tovjov xtrq^tftnu to ott 
piye&og- xaj x«x*yi}o-#w *y t* ftf. «*!X*v &\ * 
to ^aTToy Iy t£ f£ d*XqXv&t Tqy olijy tV /ft 
PoadvTtQOV ly t£ ajfvra jr^owM Wjv *A«ttw oVewa 
roTw ovy «V ^ / x. *JS=rMi « " Pq^t^v to ^ 
ly t$ t ^ ^ovy», ^v y j< *«lfliw**, *i ^5wy «» 
tX«TToy* ^««yiy. *SIst* n#lw dm^t^atwt f 
XQoyog. Tovtov 0* ^(Di^ou^iyov xa# to ^ x ^**fi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. II. 133 

&o$ diatgs&rjostai xata tbv aitby Xoyov. JttLdi to 
pfye&og, xal p xgbyog. Kal del tovt total psta~ 
Xupfiavovoiv anb tov &attovog to ftgadvtsgov, xal 
dub tov figadvtigov to &attov, xal t$ anodedtiyfii- 
va XQWfiivoig' diaigrioti yag, to pb &attov tbv 
Xoovo*, to ds figaditsgov to prjxog. El ovv atl flip 
apnetgicpiev dXy&sg, avtiotg$q>Oftivov Si del yivttai 
ftteriaiGtc, (faptqov oft ndtg #06*0$ toxl ovv&xM* 
f.^pef $t o t r l kov s xal on fiiyt&og^anav eotl avvsxfc 
ttkg atrtag yag xal titg foag diaigioeig S,tt ygovog 
mu to piyt&og dtfti^tUcH. "iSti tonal ex tmv um* 
&Q1WV loytjjv liyto&ut, cpavegbv, a>$ tin to b xqopo$ 
iarl tfvrf/^e", btt xal to fiiyedog, ttntg Iv tw tifiiou 
Xqoiut ^vrcru SuQX fItit » *<*^ aftX-atg tv ttb tldttovi 
sXttttQv m yag avrctl dtaigioug Hoovtat tov xgovoV 
xai tov firyE&ovc;. 8. Kal d bnottgovovv anttgov, 
xal -d-txtigw xvtl wg &dtsgov, xctl &atf gov • oiov, ti 
ui% tolg ioxaroig &nttaog jfooVos, xal to /irjxog tolg 
itjzuiot; m tl Si tjJ dtaigioet, tfj diatgioti xal to pii- 
*0£" « to aptpolp xywog, ajucpoiv xal to piyt&og. 
9. dio xal Zyviiivog loyog iptvdog Xapfldvtiy to firj 
|v Jejfeo^ott t« tinaga o'isX'd-Biv, 1} atpao&at tatv ansi- 
Qtti* xa& FxavTw ty TTEjrsgaofAivot xoovbf dtxag ydg 
idyitttt xal to pyxog xul XQ^og anugov, xal blag 
Jtttp to tyvvrx^ ' % ""? xata dialgtoiv, v, tolg la/ato*?. 
TIm y fiiv ovv Kara to noobv aneigiov ovx svdtxttat 
aip&u&at iv TttTTfoaopt'vtu XQ 0Vb y tb}v to xata dial- 
gtmv f evSizttat * xal yag aitbg b XQovog ovttog SiTtu- 
qoq. lf2?Te Iv rtji «^*^w, xal ovx tv t$ ntTttgaofji- 
>'&* ovpftaivti dtiirm to anugov, xal arrtto&at tmv 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



134 AMSTOTELIS 

andvwv ioiq utntiooig ov toi$ ntntQavpivotg^ Ovn 
dq ovv to antioov olov r$ iv nmiQUJitiytp #£ or*p ^ 
tl&sXv, ovd* iv andoy to nsntQaopiror - all av « 
o X^ovog annaog fl, xal to piy*&og swat mttiqw, 
iav it to fuye&og, xal o %qvvog. 10- *^Eot« £<*£ *^ 
ntgaauivov piyt&QQ, ity ov « ft- z$ovo$ 3i SnttoQ^ 
ixp ov y. JSlXi]<p^oi dn ti to i' jff otev ntntqa&pivor, 
iq? to y d. *JEv tovtm ov* dhtoltt *ov aryt&ovSt xal 
sow oWijAv^off, iy $ @ s- Jovto 5i n xttTttpi- 
toijom to *p 4 a P» 5 &t*lf*h i inipfjffiw * flwy*- 
ouyaq ovdiv u yap atl to Took tw ji * pEyt&of iw 
lam xqopq dltun, tovto At xaTffj*fTO*I to oion M- 
ntQaapivog latat £ -*W JooWs, fr u ftijAdnr* t« 
i'aa /ao A*eMO«^ijo«T«i, «f *«* to ptyt&og* 1 1 > jEn 
3', tt f*n way uiyt&of hr-&nBtQ<* je(*qh>» Mttotw, ikl* 
iydixtral n xal h ntn*oaopirt$ bttltfitv, olov to .* 
t, tovto di xaTapeToqot* to jik^i #«* to fooy fr jfe^ 
dluaw. "jlgjt ntnsQaQuivoQ IWdt *ui o jfpdvoj. \fci 

A' OV* fr 09Tf/^ fl/«tf* TO /5 £ t <pt*V*QQV, U Awdlt'lj 

inl dditga TnntQctofUvog a XQorog* ti yao irftfa* 
tovi to /it'oo? dltioky tovTQ «r*i/Kfj nfifftparLtat, -tfo- 
tcoov /« niqaxog vnaqx ori ^' \2-*H avji\ di tiita* 
8u$ig, xal ti to /it? ft^xos itnttgor, o fli /gdvot W? 
TifQaofiivog. 0avt obv ow e* t«5*» tip i^tm-ai?, tiff ov- 
Tt yoaftfti^ ovt8 Mntdovr oi?« oAoJ? TWf avrqw* 
ov^iy corat axofiov, ov payor dtt* to iilr fax&te t wi- 
A« *«# AtoT# ovpPfianatr du£tQ*ta&tu to aio^ioy. 
13. *£ml y*g iv an am xqovw to ^«tToy x«l ^#fl- 
dvitqov iaxi) to di &avrov nXiiov 5«oj^t«» * v %y 
toy XQO V( &> lv8ex**ai xal dtnkaotori xal tyjfidUoi' diiir 

Digitized by GoOgk 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. III. 135 

*«* piixof • tfq yip Sv oifTOff o loyoq %ov . Ta£Ot/£. 
'wBy^y^r^w ovy to ^-aTTor q/uMuUo? lyT^avjoi XQ° vt p> 

$ * fly P /> ? &* ••* % W* aTOjua * t» ft tov faafaj- 
%tyov sig $vo, <9 w^ « £, t fl * otutovir *6* o £ooVo? 
duuQt&r\eriai tig to/ a uiopa • la yif low sr t£ 
i*9JCfiwiP dUtm, 4t$fy0&M yo&p 6 xqovos *U Tip* 
% X, I p, p *• JlaUv di intl to PQathiitfo* lvip*~ 
%*cu tip • & J ^, ovhqvv xvl o XQWOS T/i1J^^a*T«« 
oV/a. dlwuQt&fovicu aoa to atepor, *«* to «/* «o«s 
ov* fr axo/ft^ diuow, all' A> nltlovi. &avtQov ovy, 
on ov&dv tor* tcw evrtgw ap*QW* 
CAPUT III. 
!<<p<*/«q & x«2 to m to ^iijf *«#' Stiooj', avUUx 
*<*#' «wfo *«< fffttToy Xtyopwor, aoWotTO? $lvcu, 
nalivinarti xoiovjov XQ° V <? bv&ioxw low /i$ 

JtiFfflfroV T4 TOV /f^OyOTOft OV &** Tfidf *&&$? ^OT* TOV 

IMJUoito? * *«* mUt? tov piXlortos, ov *wi t«3« ov- 
dir &ro tov ytyov&Tog • o dif Spa/a? ap<pei* #**«* 
niqm* 2- Xovto d«- iV oVtf^-jjj < ot* to*ovtoV 4ot* 
*4tf*' avTo *o* tovtov, «/*« <pup*fbv sot at x«2 oil 
iAmlqtTcv. 3. Idriyxti 6Sj to «vto cfra* to tv* to 
MoXHJtQV apyotiowv iw x^ovoar* d y&Q htqor, Ajp«- 
J$f p*? ou* ay «fy &«Ttooy xtarioy, Sim to /*ij «1W* 
OWWi? # iiuqmv ti de x*Qk txittQQ", ^rra|w 
ItfTai XQWW navyi^ to ow*xb toawto^, w?T 4~ 
Ifiti T* ovvmvpov /i«?«|t; t«* ntgitmp. 'AXla pqp 
£ i xoitog iQjttjaSv, dwugnbg wax.* was yio /oo« 
r«ft di&uxzui ot* J^aiocTO^. *J2^t« duxio«Toy to vw. 
JS& ii ^la^troy to nJy, «aT«f t* tot) yiyovinos iv T? 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



136 ARISTOTELIS 

uikkont, *cA tev piXiovtoq h tip ytyovoti • *«#' © 
yito a* &tmi$9&jj, rove* 0*100*$ Toy notorjxorta xat 
to? fUXlavta XQoror. 4* ^a« < W **t ©v* «y *<*£' 
avti ttif to yt/y, « U« xa& frcooy • 4 /£? diafyeotc, 
ov tov na&* mno* itfbf di tovroig, tov vvv y to pi* 
t* ytyoybg toxat, to di fUXXor. Kai ©vr an^tb av- 
tb ytyovbg, ij piXXov. OvSi ©^ tbvvv to aiti' 
nolXuxr) ya$ 6iaio*xbg b jff oVo$. 6. "Slgt el tavr* 
otSvvciTor vneiQXtw *ty yvr 9 avayxri ibainb t?vo» to 
iv kxaxe^ta rvv. 'AXXa pip fl tavrb, qmpBgbp on 
xul ttfoaiovtor • w y«p otatotriy, Troiw To ttvxit 
ovpfitjosxai a xal iy tip itoottQov. 6. "Ott pip toi- 
vvv ioti ti h tw XQ&t? idwfytxow o yaptv e&a* to 
rw, deploy ix twp Hfrjpbw. "0»* d* wM* & tw 
vw **yerr<xt, ix t<ovd$ 9>«yt0©Y* ti yiq iottw, Mix*~ 
tai xal xtatro* xivcw&tti h «itg» x«» jffpaovTaoor. 
*ifrTc# $ij to rvv, fy' w y • xatftytyrito 0° ^y avTy to 

#«TT0y Tljy W /> • Ot/KOW TO ffyd&VXtQOV 6 V t$ ttVW 

rlattm tfc a fl xtwij&fjatxah otor tip a y.> jEtef* 
Si to (to«dvx$Qor l* blto t« vvv xrxivrjtcu tfjp a y, 
to &«rxor ip sittrrow tOVtov xwtj&ifunett. "Jlft* 
duxiqc&fotttH ti m * «U° *}y idlaloBtop* Ov* apa 
f ot* xw&od-ai «y t<a vvv. 7* U>U« p^v ©vo" ^rjuw' 
tjotfiflf yao ikiyeptp, to itupvxbg xivno&m pq xt~ 
rovfitror ot« 9f^t;i^ *«* ov , kai «f^. "JI^t , ««?» 
Ir t© wr ov&? 7i^<jM/x« xwuo&at, tifjXov ou ov? 
tJQtfi&v. &.*Bti d\ el to avtb p1r lor* Ti rvv it 
afKpolrto'W xq6voiw ird*X6tcu di, Toy fdv xsrna&ai, 
tbp d' fytneiY 83lw to d* bXov xwoifuvov Toy j^oo- 
ppp h orifovp xini&jjostai tm> tatnov, *#&* o srf- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. A U«C. Lit*. Vi. CAP. IV. 137 

(ptnet xipue&ai, xal to ^ofpov? agav uog r t Qep^att, 
evpfhftsetcu to ovto Spa lyocjtttty xai wp&a&tu * to 
yap dvto Saratov *w jfooVwv aft<ywi$Mv, to rvV. 
*i?r# £% itf>spuv pip Xiyaptp to opofag i%ov xal ovto 

Xol Ttt fliffj YVY XOl TtfQTtQOr • *V M TW ?vy, owe 

ecrr* to reooTApov * were ov& iiQtptlp. *Arayxri ift* 
xou *ivu9\hu to xwovpepor Iv %$&*<*>, mti qgsptjr to 
^e/uoi/y. 

CAPUT IV. 
To $i ptT&fictlXor P7IW, ap&yxri foaiQixor bIvcu* 
emd yitq Sx T**off tJV *» *i«o« pmxP&Xii, x«* ot*i» /u«y 
9] ^ TOVTM ft$& (lVt4(ktk)L9P , ovWrt ptxafi&XXu * o- 
T«* do el 01/ /um'/fa&e, *#l ewro x*» t« peoij ov j*«- 
%ufiaXXu ' [90 yap w^avtw^ §/oy xai ovto xa* t« 
/*^?4 ov ptrmfiotllti •] avayxi) ovv to p«V t* «V tovw* 
ejfjrat, to 0$ «V #ateo<u tov p^ta^aXXopxog ♦ ovtc ya£ 
& a/fqporcoot?, ovV *V puy&Tt'o^) oAov oWttTo? jiiyta 
fa tig o petaflaXXto, to ngwrop xata Ttjp petafloXyr* 
ofay, & tov >Uuxov to tpmby, #v to pilar* ov yaQ 
iwyxy to fUTafeMov iv oftoreottovr ilrm t&v a- 
*£&?• fPetvtfoy ovr ori map to perafiaXXop eat at 

. 4&- Kivqaig & fori StmpirJi 81%*)?, trn pip tqotiop 
«$*&f*Vqr * aAAo* & Kara Ta$ tw ptqStp tov Kirov ~ 
j&Q* xtvrjasig •• olo*, e* to ay xivtiteu oXor, xal to 
#fitC0*if&JiotT6ii f xat to /£ y. *jEotcd #^f , tov i*eV a 
||"^| 6* f * tov 6*e /J y, tj t f, xlvfiatg imp psq&p, *ApA- 
ffrqUlirir oX^p, itp v\g % 3 £, tov a y flrae xlryoiv. 
JCI n frff a* yao x«Ta TavTijv, 4ntim$ btavegov imp 
0ty6r nxpmat *u& ixaxiqav. Ovdir di xivtlttn 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



138 AKISTOTELIS 

xaru r^fy tou allov xh^mv* wgjt */ dA^ xivr t &tg t*i 
oioif &?* ptyi&ovg xivTjijt;. 3* ^V< o* , u an&aa 
fit* xlvqoiq Tiro?, r/ J t-iiy xtrytTtb ij itp ij> J t ( wij- 
t* to? fito&y itft i ftydtiijiov' (fi£oov$ yaq ixart^a*\ 
pi}?* aAAov /17/^f *o$ - (of /«p r; oAij ovLou, *<*« ? * 
fUfX iwr jitqwr • Tat &t pigy ijyp J J, twk a ft f t 
xat ovx «Aiw> - 7i At toy tay yao ovx jjv (iff* xirqatc,) 
xal >; Sly xiv^atg ity tiv tov « fi y ptyi&ovg- 4*£i* 
d , u fiiv i<m tov olov xiyqmg alky, olov iy f& & 
h UfpatQt&inJtittt an ttvTtfii i) ixtttigiuy tiay a* {my 
xivyow etvivi d Voat tooytat rtxlg 3 t T t £• pttt 
yUQ iyh$ xip^oig ■ wa', c£ pe? oAij dtaiffdiptrai jg 
# * e?£ T*$ tw p^ow* Mir^tfEifr tff 13 fffTric jj # f vjj £ 
£• ti d unoldnu Ti t otoy*b x i, ttvtTi oi$wb$ fvim 
xivr)Oig • ovxt yu(* tov 0X0 v t out* t<h>' fitywy, dtct *i 
p/a? ctya* tou *^o?» put? or'AAotf outferus * 17 ^#p our*- 

vmofiiXXH KotrtK f*/F diuiptotr. "fig* il tomto wW-* 
yaToy, avayxT} i%p ahi^v ttvm xal l'oift\ Avtui /jiV 
ovv fi diafytuts, xui it ias ifay fitqmv xtvtjviis turl, 
xal avotyxij nanog ilvat tov ptQWtov avTip. S.vti~ 
It} di Mara roy xqoyov £nt* yitq ttnaaa xhqatq hf 
X*>ovq, XQOvog Se nut; dimafTQS, iv de r$ dldim** 
iiailbty ff xiytjt}ig t aytxyxTj nauctv xiy^atv i5i«^*io%?fft 
xuta w XQQn.ir, Q^Eirtl t)i nay to xtvovftiyor, tw 
T*yi xivutai, xal ZQQVoy Ttva, xal nayTos xirot/^itVnu 
toil xiyyaig, avayxij iag ttxtmg ttvtxs UfatqiatiS, to5 
TSXQorovxal tj"^ xtryattax, xvl tov xtytta&m xhItqv 
xivovpivov, Hul iy ot ^ xtytiatf ttI^v ov nayiwp b- 
(iQMS, *V oh n "/^ijtr^, alia tov pip ttoqqv, vatf* 

Digitized by G00gle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP.1V. 139 
cri/TO* tov o* noiov, xaxu ov(jfisftr}x6g • tiXr)q>&0) yccn 
a xq&vos iv & xivtitcu iy w a, xal y xivijoig, Ap y 
/?• £* ow Tip olr}* iv ?w TiayT* jfooV^ xextV^Tttf, 
. & t» qpiost iXaixw, xal ndXiv tovxov diaiQt&ivxog, 
iXaxrw Tavxqg, xctl ad ovrug. 'Opoioig di xal si i\ 
xlytjoig diaiosxr], xal o jfooyo; dtcuQtiag * u yaq xyv 
oXvp iv rip navxl, xip ijfMOU&v h t» fytiosi, xal na± 
hv xip iXsbxxova iv t$ iXaxxovi. 7. Toy avxov &$ 
TQonoY xal to xivua&cu diaioi&i}QiTcu* earw yao 
^ ¥ X* T0 xivuo&ai. Kara dij jyv rj/uioeiav %ivi\~ 
wv, sXaxxov tarou tow o'Aov * xa* Trails x<ktcc tij* tij}$ 
itfuifsiag, ypiouav xal atl ovxtag* *Eou 6$ xal ix- 
&ifisvov to xa& ixaxiouv tmv xiv^obw mvho&oi, 
jb&op now ts Tip 3 y, xal Tip y e XiyUv^ on to okox 
Jaxcu naxa Tip oXrp * h yitq alio, nXti<* eoxai xtvu- 
g&ai xmxa Tip aixyv uivqcnv, -mgntq idtUapw, xal 
fig? xivyoiv faaiftxriv elg Tag tiv peQuv %ivi\otig ©v- 
sav Xtw&iviog yitq tov xiviia&ai xa&* btaxioav, 
avvtxkg *<rtat to oXov. & 'jlgavxmg di ^^^jfrat 
xal to pnxog dtaiosxbv, xal oXwq nav iv <p jftmy iy p«- 
Tafioli) (nXip tvia xaxit ovpfitfiipog?) oxi to peta- 
QuXlov iotl duuqsx&v \ frog yaq duxtoovpivov, nav- 
T« Sia^e&^osxai ' xal inl tov nensoao/iiva tivat ij 
Satinet, ofiowg £|t* xaxa navxtav. 3 JI»oXov&t}xi Si 
paliaxa to diai$u(j&vt, navxa xal i'ltsiQa tlvai, ana 
tov psTafiaXXovtog * $i&vg yao ivvnaqxti *<p firta~ 
fiaXXovu to diaiQijbv xal to antqov. To piv ovv 
bhaiQtTov didtutTai ngoTtoov , to 5' anuoov iv rdlg 
hfopivoig Iotcm Sr\Xov* 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



140 AKISTOTELIS 

CAPUT V. 

3 £nel di nay to uttapaXXov, %n ttvog tfg n ptxa- 
pdXXti, avayxij xb uttaptpXfjxbg, oxs ngmxov (ttxa- 
pipXyxtv, that iv w fitxapipX^xt • to yag ftttaftil-* 
Xov, H ov fitxapdkXei, iSioxaxat 1} anoXtlnti aixo • 
xal tjio* taitov ioxi to utxapdXXtiv xal to anoXti- 
nttv, 7j axoXov&il tot utxaPaXXtm to anoXttnuv t» 
$i utxaptpX^xivai, to anoXtXombai, € Ouoi<ag yag 
txaxtgov fy**- n Q°g txaxtgov. 2. 'JEntl ovv ula «•* 
ptxapoX&v q xai avxkpaotv • ot« fitta/^pXifxtv in 
tov at) ovtog tig to ov, a7roA&oOT€ To /117 oV. "jBorti* 
«oa iv t^ few 7r«»» yap avdyxtj f t tfvat, ij /*q cfyvi. 
dtovsooi' ow or* w» tjJ *#t avxlipaoiv utxapoXy, to 
utxaptpXfjxbg farm iv <p uttapipXijxtv. JSf d* h 
xavtpy xal iv xatg aXXaig * buoitag yag inl utag ual 
xwv aXXtav. 3. "jSxi tie xal xa&* kxdoxfjf Xaupivov- 
oi ipavtgbv, ttntg dvdyxrf to utxapepXrjxbg tlval *ov 
71 %v xw iittl yag i§ ov [itxdpipXt}xtv anoXiXounv, 
avayxij o* thai nov, $ iv tovxta i) iv &XXip toxau Jt 
uiv ovv iv SXXm, otov iv tw y, to tig xb p prtaflsflXit- 
xbg, naXiv ix xov y fttxapdXXu tig to fi m ov yap rp 
ixoutvov t# (l • ^ yag fitTafteXJ}, avw^?. 1fi$rt 
to petafoflXiixbg oxt utxapipXr^xt 9 utxapdXXn tig o 
pttafiiflXtjxf xovxo d' adivatov avayxq aga to 
uttaptpXyxbg thai iv tovvat, tig o prra/?i/flipr?. 
4. toavtghv ovv on xal to ytyovbg, oxs yiyovtv total, 
xal to iybagpivov ovx sorer*' xa&oXov xt yag tfyf* 
t«* ntolnaarig ptxapoXfjg, xal udXioxa dyXov iv tJ 
xaxa avxiyaoiv. "Oxt pkv tolvvv to [ttxafltpltpbg, 
oxt finapipXrjxt noiaxov iv ixtivy ioxl, dt)Xov. 5.*Ev 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. V. 141 

W Si 7F0WTW £yi/y ttfatTOy] (AttafiipXqXS TO flttufo- 

fiXrjxbg, dviyxr\ cltofiov elvcu. Aiyia Si nguttov, o prj 
i(o iieqqv ft aviov eivcu 7iQtajov>TObovx6v lorw eotw 
yaq Sicuynov to or y, xal SttiQvps&& xottk to /?. £» 
/icv ovv iv iw«|5 ftiTaftsfilrixsv, rj ndXtv (v tw /? 7% 
ovx «y |y notottp t$ & y fieta/kftXuxbg stij. El d' iv 
kxatigcp (itti^aXXtv • (uvayxr\ yog Sj ftstaflifiXrjxhat, 
% pvtafldXXuv ir btatigw *) muv iv t$ oXca (ittafldX- 
lot * aXX* **? fitTaPepXrpiog. € Q ctvrbg Si Xoyog, x«t 
il iv tw phv fitTCtfiuXXsi, iv Si tw fistafiifiXiix$v • lot «« 
yaq ti tov ngmov Ttgoteoov * oj$ts ovx ay ri'ij cWt- 
octov to ttowtox iy <p pctafiipXiixs. 6. <l>QVBQbp toi- 
yi/y ot* xa* to iy&cttyiivov xal to ysyovbg, h itoft^, 
to /i^ eo^&aoTou, to di yiyovu Aiyixcn Si to fr w 
nQmty fittaftipXiite, £*£«>? ' to fit y, «y $ ttoojtcj fr$- 
Xio&n r\ ptzafioXri • tot* /ao crisis irnuv, on fit- 
xaflifiXfix$ • to ^i eV <jf 7io«T«p ijfo&xTO pstafliXXttv. 
7- To piy avy x«t* to t&o$ tijs fietafhXfjg nqSyiov 
Xeyofttvov index* 1 * J * *«• «rt*y * ivStyttat yao im- 
TcXea&rivcu trjv fistctfioX^v f xal for* juct«/?oAjj? t&o$* 
o 5ij xai SiSsutJcti dSiaiqxiov ov, diet to ntyag etveu. 
To Si xotta tip aQzqy, oXtag oix sottv • ov y«o iow 
«##^ (MtapoXfig, ovS 9 iv ol w^wtw tov #06yot/ /ueTe- 
ftalXtv Iotw y«^ 7rowToy, fy* <jj>to a d. Tovto di}, 
otdi&iytTov ftiv ovx tort* ovfifirioeTqi yitq ixoptva 
elvou tot pvv. v Et* i* d iv tip y a jooVw tto;pt2 ^©€- 
fis? * (xttWw y«f ^oe/iovy *) xal iy tw or 7}Qf^ati. 
"Slgit d dfiteqeg fori to a d, a/*a ^oc^i{o€« x«» /usTa- 
fisftXrpcbg total * tV /u«y /oo t» a yfsfitt, iv Si t& d 
fittafiiftXijxtv. S.'lSntl S' ovx I'oztv Sfaoig, ipiyxfj 



142 AR1STOTEL1S 

dtaiofroy that xa* iv hxyowv rmv jovtov ptttafi*flXf)~ 
nb>ai- dtcuQt&eviog yaq tow a d, (I fdv h firjlttri^a 
fitrafibfftijxer , avd iv tw oXy Bid 3 iv ctpqpotV /*«- 
wfiaiXu t *a* iv t<m TtavTi* si 6*' iv -frajfya ptTa- 
PiflXiiHtVi ovu iv t<J twl<» 7Tp«T*K "Jlqtt (Xvapct) & 
otwqvv fiesafieftXtptdveu. ipavtqbv toivv* on ovx 
iQtiv iv w Tr^wTy ntjaPsfiXqxsv * aneigoi yaq at dt- 
aiQeaeig. 9. O«/0€ o*} toD psTujkftXrjxotos iatl n 
itqvxov o fiera/MfiXtjntv tava yag to o* £ rcottTov 
ptTOtpefiXriKOS tow d «• nav yctp dtSttxxat duxtiiFiov 
to n$TVpdXXov+ € $e jfoovoc iv $ to d f perapipXri- 
x$v, eeita i<p <$ & 1. M evv iv %m necvxl %b d £ pi- 
tapifiXfiHtv, iv t$ ^p&m &arrov lata* to fieraj}^ir r 
xbg, nal flrooTcaoy tov d f * x«* 7raJUv tOvtov aAlo, 
x^xetWu heqov, xcd atl otm*?. '1/2 $t« &v&& Janai 
Jiqwtov zov fiezafiaXXovxes 5 fitrafiifiXtjKfv. iO.*On 
/uiy cw*> ©Ut* tov prrafiaXXovTQS, ovt$ iv to fAGTttflal- 
l* 1 XQWty n^Snov o&faV «m, ^xwtooy & w§* «fyr r 
pivw. Avjo Si o firrafiaXXuj tj *a& o pevctflaXXtu 
ovx rr& apokog Qti * T^i« ;q£o Ipri* « Xiyttm x«ra 
T^y iieiafioXyv • to, tc p9t*fl&XXov, *** iv ^jf; x*» 
xqrd-' o pvtmfittXXu* elovo Sv&fimos, xal © Xf}**°$> 
xatto Uvnov. *0 pev vvvJtv&Qvmog netl i £foW 
duxiofTot, too* da Tovilsv>oS oiUo? i^yos. HXyv*«- 
t<* vvlifitfoptog yz nance Statytva • « 7*0 avpfNfiip* 
to oofo?, j} to Zt^xo^ *x«yo OMtcofToi' ioriy, «xa 
oaa ye net*? avra Xiysrcu hon^sjtt, ftxi pq xaTcufVp- 
fitfirixQi, vvd' iv tovtok &WM to ?ro<yro>- ofor, o 
rotg psyi$eoiv ' Harm yag f lq> itf a ft, piyt&o? * *a» 
xtvtio&4) ix tov tig %b.y •Tp»tbl/^ ovxovy, 4^ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. V*. CAP. VI. 143 

adicuQtrov total to § y y afitgeg apfgovg tarai l%6- 
usvov si Si diaiQtTov } satai ti tov y TtQOTtQOv, tig o 
p&apeftXrjxe, naxtivov naXw tiXXo, xal del ovna, dia 
TO filtjdhtOTS VTtoXuilHV Tf}V dkaiqtgtv* "jlg<tt oixx 
Mazai nQ&iov tig* a p(j«j3e^Xr)xev. 'Ofioiwg di xtr* Inl 
%i}g %QV- Tzooov /utTa fining • xal yaq avti) iv avv£X& 
ion. &av$qbv ovv or* eV f*6*Ji **** xtvrjoem* x]\ x«- 
*<* to noiov, ivdexejui adiafyriov xatf uvtq shot. 
CAPUTVI. 
9 £iul Si to ftexafiaiXov anuv Iv #ooVa> fieraftul- 
JU*> iU^€T«* $' Iv xgovia psTaftmXletv, xal ig Iv nqm* 

T«, X«* »S X«^ FEfOOV* Yolov fr T« MttVTW, OT* ff 

cjj tip&Qif, ftrrctfiyXXu •) & <w nqmmg XQ° V <$ pm*pik- 
JUt to ftnafialkov-, iv otojov? (tvdyxt) tovtov [iera~ 
pakX&y. JrfXoy piv ovv ix tov o^tofiov • to yao 
jqp&TO? 0VT»? tXiyofuv. %+*Aika dq xal i* mrSl 

yOyfOoV • I'OTW y«0 & ft) TT^WTW XlVUTHl TO XlV&Vflt- 

+p$r t i<p ta x ?> *** 8iT}(jijo&*) xatm to x*> nag y ay 
jQQtpotoS dpoupwog. 3 JEv di} t*> % xxq6vta y i}XOi,xiviixa$, 
ff&vnifUTat- J{ain£Xiviv%ip x (*, «$bvt«?. Etftiv ovv 
4*. pifiriiQw xivurm, JQffioirj av iv tw 7T<*yr/ * xivfi- 
J&myitQ iv pqdevl~twv tovtov xwovftevov, itdive*- 
*gMr.* J£t $* iv \h&4$q> fiivm tuytltai, ovx Sv iv wpw- 
ttg**M»*fto T(» x Q ' *«#' fr*fO* y«o ^ xivrjijig. *Av&~ 
jf&pu\ut iv htmovv tov # p x**t*»*j<j#eM. 3. Jedei*- 
ff&tbv M rovtoV) <f>av*obv art nav to xwovfitvdv 
jmfl'Kij xtxkvio&ai TiQotspov • ft y«ip «V Ty jp o> /f <$- 
4^ sVfOiTo/rTO xTZ x&tivrjTai p iy e&og, iv tw qploH to 
fc nTxirffr f rr r r rr/r r r it r xal i'/ww a^jtwvov, to ^jumtu 
£ro« x(umtmiv9V. Ml Si ro opoTBjfe* ^ ?« orvr^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



144 AR1ST0TELIS 

X90v<? xixivipal rt, xal $ajt$or *W/*ij to uvio *i- 
xivt}0&ou piyt&og. "jlgtt xtxivyphw &rr«* #i xiv*>u- 
ptrov. 4/iT* di, u iv iw naviX t$\>vy ™ * y **- 
mvrio&at Uyofitv, */ olwc, *i iv atyovr Xg*™!** y r f 
lastly to loxatov avzov vvv>(*qi!To ya$ ixft* tv ogi- 
foy, xal to pcT«|v Tea* rvv xQorog,) m^ &- tok al 
Xoig oftoltog Uyotto xtmvyafru*. Tov J 1 hulmog 
tox**ov y SiaiQSOis. "Jlgrt nal h t£ ypfon xtxtv^ 
fisvov total, xal h'Xtfg ir httfovv twv jtfpw*" (*i* jiff 
afia ty topy XQ°*°S 4*™» r w^itf^Vop vtio tuw vvv* £* 
ow> «w«£ ju«y XQW°$ SutiftiToQj o di pna$v t&* **5* 
^ovo? y una* to pnaftfiXXo* , aWt^a «"** pm*p* 
pXyxog. 5/!Bt* i\ «i tu avvtx&g //tw^Woi', x«< 
pqft (p&<*Qev, ftridintmivpivov rtjc ptTafioXyg, q £*- 
T«j5aU«v, »/ p*Ta/fc/ftT,xtVou, aya^iixo* iy or^ovr, 
A' 6e t£ yv>> owe «a« ptrttflaXXny, <mip<if juta^*- 
pXyxivai xa& exactor twf vi/>'. '1/Istf, u t» *£* 
Sneiqa, itav to /tttTa/SDiAAoy, wn* jg« sorcjt prrajSr.SAi}- 
xo$. 6. Ov^fAOVov di to pttafttiXXQv way**} ptt&fk- 
pXtjxiwu, aXXa xal to fitta^tfil^xis avriyxTj juit*- 
PaXXtiv tiq6t£qov • aTiav yaq to tx iwvg ng t* fiiitf- 
3&fiXr)xbg, 4v jfooyq) fxriu^X^zy * &jtw }>ap ** i 
rvy f x tov a «*? to /? [tiTafitfikvixos ' ovxovk, tr i*f* 

T$ *Jt£ rVf, ly I? IcTTtV iMWtt, OV pmtfiiflXw&v 
Sfia ya$ av €*'q Iv rta a xal tw^ t*> yiio fit*nfit 
(>Xi)xbg r ott jistipaXsrt ltJt oix tat or er Toyroj, drtU»- 
xrai ttqotsqov. Eld* tv Slla, ptta$v rmtv a jpf*- 
yog* ov yog yv $x^ iVn x <* Y ^ v * ^' &*& **•* * 
XQwy (ista/SifiXyxs, xqqyos d£ nug $tfxi$tioq t tv ty 

Digitized by GoOgle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. VI. 146 

ixtbov 4pfo* Alto* *«} ««t ovtmg. "Jlgtt (itta/SaX- 
lot mv irooupor. 8.*i'u 6" **** tov fityi&ovg paw- 
pfliTtPor to X%x&9¥ 9 dm to ovrqw afro* to (ti/t&Qg, 
iv y fjutrnflaXXu to pttafiaXXov • «rr» yap to parix- 
PspXrjxbs 4x tov y tig to 3. Ovuovp, at per aoWpa- 
tup 4<ni to / $, aptoig apsooig Sara* ix6(i$pop. *Ent\ 
di tottro idvpatop, otvdptij fUy&og drat to §uja£v 9 
x«* tig unttqa &atparoV • aa^r afc *VfaJyi» pnaflaXXii 
noottoop • Apoyyuy ap« jt«V to ftnafiefiXfiHog /u«t«- 
fiaXXitp nqonoop. 9.*H yap aing asodai£i€ xat *V 
*©*$ p^ ovvtxiow* oiop w t« tp*c havjioig, not aV ttj 
aptupaou * Xr)f6p$&<* yaq top X9* rop > * y V /***a/3a- 
pXyut, xctl niXw tit av%a tyoipev. "jlgt* ivaynn to 
HSTaptpXijX4>$ (UtafiilXup, }tal to p*tttfi*XXop paTa- 
PifiXqMsveu ' xal lor*, xov f«aV futafiiXX$tp, to /ma- 
fl$fiXfjnivm noit$»*p • tov da fi*ta($tf$Xri*b*i,, to ^u«- 
tetfiiXXnp* *a» ovdi not* Xqtp&TJoetcu to nqwiop. 
J&ttop "di tovtov, to py that, apeqig iptqovg ixop*- 
rov in Stuiqqp y«p r\ ota/pa**? , uu&in*9 M tip 
av§apo(iivur *a» *<*&aiQovpivmr yoapft&v. 10. #«- 
yapor ovr, atj na» to ytyopog Br*y*q yipta&m noi- 
Tf(Hiv, so* to ytyoiwop ysyorir**, Sam fovifna teal 
ovvsxn ' pv /wbrot aat o yivxtat, iX£ iXXo Mote, 
olop tip Mv&v w, M?»ap t$$ otaifa? to? VqUXiop. 
'Opolmg di x*l iii* torn ^&$*oof4opov xa» if&aopivov 
cv&vg yito ipvniox** t$ ywopsnp u*l ^mpo/mV^ 
SnHfip «*, owajprX /• oW*, mr) otm IcrTiy, ovti yiye- 
a^a.« fifl ytyorog n, ovu ytyotdva* py ytviptpov t#. 
c Optci<og di mutnltov ^$^$a&tunaidnltov i^-ap- 
^«t - ««» y&g €or«t, tov ^«v <p&tlQto&ai to «^«p- 
Arist. Piiys. Ausc. K 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



146 AR18T0TELIS 

£«» Ttoorcoor, zov & iy&ao&ai to xt&ttQto&m* 
o}avtoov ov*. ot* nal to ytyovog itvayxy ytvm&ai 
nooTtoov, *al to yipoptvov ytyoveva*' nar yaqui- 
ye&og, nal nag xoovog, ail otaif cto;. "llgt iv « ay 
#, ofa fir tfy ag ftp»?6j. 

• CAPUT VII. 

*Enel d$ nav to xtyovfitvov iv jflpoV? **r**ttt*> nal 
ty tw nltiovt fiu&r fiiy*&o$, iv %f andgta Z¥°*V 
aSvvatov ion ntnefaafitvyv **vctrf«i, py w* «v- 
T^y ««*, *a* xSnr Ixtbyg ti xwotoptvov, al£ iv T«r «- 
TraiTi an&oav: "Or* per ow, *i' t* toorflgw? *tvo**o, 
avdy*t] to nvn&aofUvov ir ntmoaopivq) xiv&a&ut, 
drjlov Xrjtp&evtog yag pooiov, raraurroifoM Tiyy 
- oAqy , Ir i'oof$ vot? xq6vq*9 tovovtotg, oo« t« pooia 
ear*, Tijr oAijy xex/Wfrai. *fo$T I*r«l Ttfvra JWiwp 
t«* *«} tw nioov txatTov, *«l ry otooo;**? eurarro:, 
*«» b XQ&voq iv ify nmtgaofiivos' tocavzaxtf fiq 
tkncu xoowtos, ooog tov (iooioy xoovog TtoLkanka- 
atao&ilf r<5 irA^«» wr pogitov. ft. *AXl« (fy x$r ft 
/M^f tootajpfc, SuMpEQti ovbHv • t«rra> y*o, «y ^to« 
*a) to /?, foaortjfAa mmqaopivov, 3 jtm'yqTttt Ir t« 
antipp, nal o jfooro? armoos, }*? oi 10 y 9. JS $ij 
ara^xi}, ttoorcpor ftepo? Moot;' *€**yijo#a*, *avro 
#|f 6ijj4or/ art tov xqwov iv- tw nootioty *al txnfy* 
tTEDorxrnirtiTaf at* ymo iv ttp>nktiovihtQo+§xriu 
utMiVfiftivav, itxv ttiooiaxt*$,*av repi) toorajpA^ pe- 
rafiallj) • xo£ «*r « imisivr) q xlrqoig, «wr ***&*$, 
1 «r w /n^ri?, ov^^r ^ttot. J?ili;9#fl» o^f '** tw 4 * /5 
9taat^fiarog f rh a 9,0 xarapetQijai* rip « /?» Mro 
619, tov antlgov %v nvi iyivero jfooyw* Jr carter 709 

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PHYSIC. V USC. LIB. VI. CAP. VII. 147 

ovz olov x$* xb yitg anav iv ancioa). Kal TiaXiv 
sxegov dlj, iav Xafiw baov xb a *, avayxy iv Tiensgoc- 
Ofievw XQ 0V( $ ' *o /ao ajiav, iv aneiga • xal ovx<o 
dij Xapflaviav, intidi) xov (Uv andgov ov&iv ioxi (io- 
giov, o xaxapsxgnoM • (advvaxov yag xb anugov ct- 
vcu dx Ttsnegaaftdvav, xal Yaw, xal aviamv, diet xb 
xaxafiexgijdyoea&a* xa nsntgaouiva nXr t &ei xal pc- 
yi&u vno xivog Ivbq, iav xe i'aa jj, iav xs avioa • w^t- 
Ofteva di t# peyi&et, ov&ev qxxov.) xb di diaoxtjfia 
xo 7tenegaopivov, noaoig xotg a t fiBxgeixat, iv 7i£- 
TXSQaapivat av zgovco xb a /? xivoixo. wgavxiog ds xal 
im jtyeprjoeoig • agxs ovxs yiv$a&ai, ovxt (p&sigso&ai 
olov xe ati xi xb avxb xal IV. 3. *0 avxbg ds Xoyog 
xal oxt, ovd iv nsntgao/iivy xqovqt anugov olov xs 
xiv&o&cu, ovd 1 riQepi&o&aij ov&* ofiakug xivovpe- 
vov, ovx avwpaXfog • Xijq>&ivxog yag xivog fiigovg 
mrapexgrjou xbv oXov xqovov, iv xovxw noobv t* dti- 
$moi xov neyi&ovg 9 xal ovx oXov * & /«? *§ nuvxl 

' vXov. Kal naXhv iv t<5 iota aXXo, xal iv kxdoxto 0- 
jio/ojc, tlti loot', fYxt aviaov t£ il agxyg ' diaq>igst 
yag avow* n tl'ij uovov nerttgaofUvov xt exaoxov 
SyXov yag utg vrrunovfiivov xovjegovov, xb anugov 
ovx avctiQi&tjtjfTiH, ntntgaofiivrig xr t g aq>atgioB(ag yi- 
vopivilS, *«2 tw ttoijw, xal x% nooaxig- agx ov di- 
tiatv iv TititiqagjiiiHp xqovw xb anugor. Ovdiv xs 
fcwpiyu to fAiyt&ag inl &ax$ga, ^ in afi<p6xsga e7- 
vu& &mtqov # yitg avxbg toxai Xoyog, 4. lAnodt- 

'. fiEiytilvwv Js TQuih)V, (pavtgbvoxi olds xb ntntgao^i- 
vov pfyi&ot to < mgov ivdixexai diel&eiv iv nsm- 

iftWfpdvqi x^ovtp, diet ty* avxyv aixiav • iv yog xw po- 

K 2 

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148 AfUSTOTELIS 

o/« tov ZQW&v nsnsgaofiivov diuot , xal iv exdatia 
wgavTtog, &gx iv t6j navrl nsnegaofiivov. 5. 'JEntl 
ovv to nenegaopivov ov ditto i to anugov iv 7t«7T€- 
gao(iivta xgovta, dt t Xov ag ovdi to anugov to neni- 
gaopivov • el yag to anugov to ntnigaapivov, dvd- 
yxr\ xal to ntntgaopivov duivat to anugov. Oidsv 
yag dtaopigu, onottgov elvcti to xtvovfievov ctfiq>o- 
rigag yag to nsnegaopivov diswt to anugov • OT«r 
yag xtviytat to anugov i<p* w to a, toxin t% aitov 
xata to ft mnegaopivov, otov to y d, xal ndXiv SX- 
Xo xal aXXo, xal ail ovrwg. "Jlgts apa ovp^attat 
to anugov xexivyo&at th ntnsgaofiivov, xal f 6 tjc- 
negaopivov duXr^XvO-ivat to anugov ' ovdi yag 8v- 
vutov i'acjg, to anetgov aXXtog xtv^d-iiivat diet tov nt~ 
ntgaofiivov, rj tut t& nsnsgao/iivov duivat to Unu- 
gov, ri qpsgopevov^ % avaptTgovv. *Slgt intl tout 
ddvvatov, ovx av dd'ot to anugov to nsmgaafxevoy. 
6. IdXXa flip ovdi to anugov iv ntnegaafiivqt j?ooV» 
to anugov dlstatv • si yag to anugov, xal to ntns- 
gadpivov • ivvnagxu yag tw an el gat xal to Ttmsga- 
opivov. *Ett 6i xal tov xqovov Xyy&ivrog , ij avtii 
WTcti anode i$t?- 7.*Enel d* ovts to ntnegaa/Uvov 
to anugov diuotv, ovtB to anugov to ntntgaapivov, 
ovx* to anugov Iv nsntgaofiivm xgovto xivutat, <pa- 
vtgbv ott ovdi xivyotg eoTttt anugog iv tw nmt- 
gaouivy X$°v<a • Ti yag dtaopigu, Trft xivnaiv, £ to 
piyt-9-og nmilv. anugov; avayxv\ yag, & bnoif- 
govovv, xal -frnjegov uvat anugov • naaa yag opoga 

iv TOTTW. 



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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. VIII. 149 
CAPUT VIII. 

D £nt* di Ttnv rjf xivtlrai jjj ijgtpei rb ma>vxbg, brs 
niyvxt, xal od, xal Sg * avayxij rb lorafitvov bis 
Nftarai xivuo&cu' $i yag pi) xw&rai, ygepTjOH. 
3 Al£ ovx ivddxerai fjgtftl&o&ai rb ygspovv. 2. Tov- 
rov d' anodsdsiy/tivov, qpavtgbv on xal h xgovu 
totae&cu avayxri • rb yag xivov/abvov iv XQ 0Vt 9 **- 
y&xai ' tb d* iorauwor, didttxrat xivovpsvov • figr* 
ixptyxi\ iv Xfbvfp tcrtcto&at. 3.'3Et* d' d to fiiv 
&axxov xal Pga&vxtgov iv xg° vt P Xiyo/iev, Yorao&oti 
S' laxl &axxov xal Pgadvitgov. 4- *Ev w de XQOvo) 
ngmxtog to ieta/itvov torarat, iv brtpovv avdyxi) tov- 
Xov Xatai&ai* duuQS&ivxog yag rov xgovov, ti fiiv 
i% fiifiextqcp rmvfugmv Korarai, ovde iv r$ qXw. "Slgr 
ovx av toxarai to lordgiBvov. JEid' iv &arig(p, ovx 
av iv ngwttp blip Xoxatxo • xa& htaxtgov yag iv rov- 
xy taraxai, xa&antg iXix&y *«* ^ T0 *> xivovfiivov 
nqoxtgov. "flgntg 9b to xivovfitvov ovx tarw iv « 
woftka) xivtixm, ovxatg ovd' iv (p Xorarai to lordfis- 
?ear. 5. Out* yig rov xivsio&at, ovrirov Xorao&ai 
i&xi Ti ngmrov • tarw yag, iv (p noma Xorarat, iqf 
tp tb a j5. Tovxo 8ri, ctftegeg jikv ovx ivdixstai tlvar 
mfoqaig yag ovx %axw iv tw aptgu, diet rb xtxivy- 
*&aixi aixov 9 to 8* iordfitvov dideixrai xivov/is- 
P0P\ *AXXa ftjfv, u duxtgttov ixrriv, iv ortpovv avtov 
tmv iitqwv torarat • tovto yag diduxrai ngortgov, 
©it iv w ngtartog Xararai, iv br(povv rwv ixslvov Xora- 
t&i. *Enu ovv #ooVo$ iorlv, iv at Trqwrmg forcer at, 
nal owe atoftov anag ds xqovog tig antiga pegiorbg, 
6&t sarcu iv tp ngmrtp 'iorarai. 6. Ovdi drj rb ^oe- 

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150 AK1&TOTELI8 

UOVV, OT€ TtQbiTOV I^U^Otr, toliy * *Y «|UfrtfI p*y ^OEp 

Oi/x riQifiriOE, dux to /utj f^ixt j? fr i % utr br rirofiu ' eV oi 
d*« to i)QiyiCiv, xal to k<> uodui - tot* j'flp Hpctpty 
ygepiTiv, otc xa* ^y o> jTt<£ i *u,; uirfiu^m, jh >/ ^i'Ui«( 
to ntfpvxqg. 7/jEu *5t x«* tote kiyoiity tJotptfV, 
OTay ouoi&g %xjl ™ v **" 'tftorffiov, oti ov% hi tipi 
XQtvovTeg, alia dvoivroh' (la%iQiair- bkt ovm fttrrtH, 
^y <£ rjQBfiii, a/utoc?* i# ds ptQitiibv, jfooVos iV *i'if» 
xa* «*y OT(pOVV avtqv iwv nr*mv ^of/iijfffj* Toy oi'iir 
yeto tQonov dttx&Ji<HTui t cv xal inl iwv jrgortf o? * 
tigx* ovdh lojcti ngurfor. Tovtov 3* at hoy, art ij^*- 
pti fiih xal xivUxai n&v iv £ooy<p ' Zgorog ^* ov* 
sort TTQtotog, ovdi u£y*&o$ t old 1 vitas avv&zig or- 
div anav yaq tig Smtpa jipojotoV 8- 7frre* 0* *r£y 
to xivovfttvor iy jfooy&J xiytiiut, xal tx ttvog ttg tt 
UtxaftaXlei, iv w XQOr<> xtrtljat xu& avro, x«i «ij 
rwy rfy ixsivov xtvl,advraTor tot* xaTa Tt ffroi* rcpw- 
tov to xivovpevov ' to /« p ijqz pilv iatt to eV toi «v— 
tw tlvai XQOVOv xtva xal rayio f xal raw pcpiur *xor- 
OToy. Ot'TW yao liyojity iJoFjUtty, ottxv iv allui xal 
aXlfp tw yvy odrj&eg ij Einrelr, or* A* t^ jivroi xcu i*t/- 

TO, X«t T« AtfcOIJ. 2# #£ TOl/T IffTft to ^pcper?, Ol/X fV— 

dixsrai to (*exa($dllov xajfi Tt tl^nc* o'Aor, *dr« fOV 
ttqvuov XQ*> V0V ' ° y«p jfpow? Strti^fro^ aira;. Jl^rt 
iy a'Aiai xa* aiX^ avtov ^e'oft ii^iji^^ eoTKi tin*tv t 
on iv Ty «utw ^ot* xal ftvio xal tat /ufpq * « yoto pif 
ovxtag, alJi iv hi fi6vta rtpvvy, ovx ^tt«* jfooyoy ov— 
^•fV« xaxa ti, alia xaztt to neyttg toi/ jfooyov ■ /r £4 
tw yi/y, liffTt **ey ail xaxa it uIvqy, ov ufrrot nit*rpii ' 
ovx$ yctQ xwtlo&ai, ovn tiotutlv tour iv t*Jj vitv f *l~ 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. IX. 161 

Xu ftri *v*UG&m fitv aXrj&eg iv t« rvv, x«* tlveti xct- 
tci t<> J* XQwy &' «v« ivdixnm &v*h *ara to ^pt- 
^tow * ovpftcUvu ydo to (psqofitvov yQBpiiv. 
CAPUT IX. 
2t\vm> di TnxfaloylCtTGU* «t /ao ««*, qp^oty, i}o«- 
juit 7r&y 1} wtfrat, ora? # xwt« to To*©* - ?<ro 5 '_acJ to 
<p$(>6pevey h %«* ni*, t$ xaTo» to ?oo*v axirrjjov xrp 9><- 
QOpdrqv •&«* otoroV. 2. Tovto o¥ &m yerdo? * ov 
y«o cvyxwwi o xqbrof ix twv yvv ovt&v adicttQcrtav, 
£$nep evd* aiUo piy&of evddv. 3. TOTrorot? £' 
«ie» ioyo* two} %#rijaf*>? Z^rawo?, o* nagixoyrtg rag 
dvonoliag zoZg Avow*. JIq*to$ pir, o 7M©$ tov fitj 
mvh0&*i> £ta to ttootcoov «fe to ypiov dtiv dyixi- 
a&tu to <p$$6pLt*Qr, ij jrpo? to rilog * n$$i ov oW- 
lop*v h %oig 7tf6&&ev Xoyoig. 4. Jsvttqog di, 6 
nulevfurogjixiXXetig • § jt* &* ovrog, or* to Pgctdv- 
f *oor ovM Trot « nvTuXfitp&Tiettm &iov vno tov to> 
Xinov • sfinfoefrty yiq vvayxmov iX&fiy to duaxov, 
o#» mffHio* to <pevyoy. "Jlgx ««/ t* nqoixuv dra- 
ynrnfop to /^aovz«ooy. 5. 'jBot* £« xa* ovto? o av- 
to$ Ao/o? t£ Hixo%fi&¥. JhWpiqn 9s h t» duxiotiy 
pq &X* *<> woosAap/Jayo^sfror fUyt&og. To (ib ovv 
jt$ mHtalapfiivkO&ai to /fffadvTtfer, ovppiprjxsy ht 
fftvio/ov. Jfreratdf rcaga to «vt© TJj dixoropla' 
4Kt#ftyw**Q04S ydq ovpPaivn py a(pmvtfo&cu nobg 
xo.JWfas, dWfovpapov urn? tov peyi&ovg* Alia 

m§p$HHia* h TQVTtO , OT* OV^i TO TCC/UJTOy T«T(>a/ft)- 

I^Mfafoy iy j q» oW»My to {fyadvTtQov ' »$t vvdyxTj 
1^4^ Avo-w e7*«i tV avnyy. To ^' aliovy, on to 
. q^troy oi naruUtpPmriTcu, yxvdo* ' oTt f«p ttoo^ 

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162 ARISTOTKL1S 

%u, ov xataiapfiavuttt, uaa ouojc nuTaiapftdvnat, 
tVn*Q Man dt*$Uvtxt tr^v Jitntftavptviiv* Ovtot piy 
ovv Xoyoi dvo+ 6, T$foog &i, o vvv pijfl-eic, or* af 
oioTOg q>tQopivri lair t xt. Svpftuiyu M nana to Aaji- 
ftavuv tbv jcqovov ovyxHQ&at 4m t»* wv* /uj 3j3o- 
jusyov yao tovtov, ova Zaun h avXloyiofiog. ?• Ti- 

TO0TO? di, O Tttol till V IV I l.J tfTMfVfcl HIVQ VfiSV QiV t£ 

ivavtiag low oyxtar jibo* i'crov? t tw* /iw htto vilovg 
tov Otadiov, iwp Si a Tib tov uttwv, lorn rdxtt, iv *■» 
ovfiftaivuv oYstah it/ci^ alyw* /goVuv iw dtTrtaaiai to* 
ypiavv. 8. 4£oTfr <5 ' o TiaqvlayusiiiK iv r&>, to ^cv 
7iaoa xivovfitvov, to Si tkiq yQEpovv, to iaov ftiyt- 
&qq a&ovv Ty i'afcj ia/ti to j' taov (ps'(H(ft^«( /poror. 
7Yu/TO fl« ytvdo? * oiop i"rJT«rTf«*- ot ii;Twrfc tuot ay- 
xot, kp w tit a a a a # ol Si iy wvtaft ft ft ft, a^jfo— 

U«'(H 1X710 TOV ftiilOV TbiV a, lOOt TOV rtot&uOV TOV~ 

tow ovttg xal to pt*y*&o$. Ol ft* «V wv t<* y y y y t 
a no tov iox AtOV looi i av ffoi&pcu tavtoig bvtt$ xa) 
to psyidog, xal laotaxeis tolg ft ' avpftaivti »5 >; io 
noinov ft, a ft a ini tw iajt&Tot iivat, xal to namt^* 
y, TTtxoaAA^la xipoi^ftVau 1 . 2vfiftaiv*t o"*j, to f sra- 
oa rcayTa Ta $ flu-^A^u^Vfit ' r« 5t t fl, rra^a t« 
^/ai} • «3ot« *«* ijfuuw «f «* tov xqovqv ' laov /«^ 
kxattgop iatt naf ixaatov. Afia di wf/ftaiptt, ret ft 
naQct nana ti y naqtXtiiv&ivai - («p* y«f S«rro* * 
to nqSitop y, xal to nontax ft, faltolg fratniohq torx*~ 
*0Liy) laov XQovov naq txaotov ywoptvov wr ft, 
ooov Tttql t£k a, tig ytj<H, Hut to apyoteoti laor X$*- 
vop wtqa %a ylyvtc&a*. *0 pm ovv loyog, amis 
can. Sropftaivth $i {xaoa] to tifitftdvov xptvdoi* 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VI. CAP. X. 153* 

9. Oidi dy xajm %r\v iv tjJ urrtquiau finafiolffv ov- 
Siy jjfuv mrtat aduvwwov • olov u ix tov /ut/ Xsvxov 
sit to Xtvxbv utiafiaXXti, xal iv /iqdWo*) i&tlv, mg 
aoa &i/TS Xtvxbv io%ai, ©vt« fttf Xsvxov * ov yao, el 
pil bl*v iv bnoxtqqovv forty, ov Zej^Wra* Xtvxbv, 
ij ov Xtvxiv * Xtvxov yao Xiyopiv, ij ov Xtvxbv, ov 

ToJ OXOV tiVUi TOAOt/TOV, CCJUo TW Ttt ffXetOTft ^ t« xv- 

ojoototoi jU«?i;. Ov ravxbv di *<m, (ir\ tlval %t iv 
tevrqt, xal fit) tlvai 4y tovto> olov. 'Ofiolwg o« xal 
fo2 tov ovtog, xal inl tov (iy ovtog, xal tow ouUojr 
xoV xaT avti<paoiv Soto* * j*ij yao o| aVayxiyi & #a~ 
ttfp*/ to? ivtmufuvofv, iv ovdersou d' oAo? ae/. 
19* HaXtv toil tov xvxAov, xa* £n tt/^ oyaioag, xal 
oXmg tmv iv avtolg xwovpivw, bxt ovfiPyorteu avta 
qqtpuv iv yao tw avTo} totnm, £ooVoy t**« iff Tat 
x*o avia, xa* t« pipi}. *!*!$« rjosfujaet, aaa xal x*- 
ttjafTa*. 11. JlqSnov jwv yao ta /uc'oq.ovx tort* iv 
tjfc<mvi<p ovdiva xqovov. Eh* xa* to oior /ueTa/ffal- 
lat ou*» e*$ hsoov • ov yao 17 avrif Iotw ij orco tov ok 
Xmmfiavop&ri xequpioHa, xal rj imb tov /?, xa* ^ a?ro 
vow /> xa** T»y oXXmv ixdojov oriptiw nXi)v &)g 
jMtvotxo? Sv&Qimog, xal av&oamog, ot* ovpfiiPuxtv. 
*&&* prcaftaXlti aitl rj Moa tig iqv ktiqav, xal ov- 
SinoTt ^iftfi^aet. Tov avtov ds jqotiov xal inl if t g 
9 + mi Q u g xal %&v [*XXa>v\ iv avxoig xwoviuvvtv. 
CAPUT X. 
*jtwo8s$eiypivcjv di tovtmv, Xeyoftty, on to ifis^ig 
ommiMztrai xivuo&ai, nlqv xata avuflefliixog ' olov 
*&§9pdvov tov otauatog, 19 tov pty4&ovg t tov iv 
Ot£tx*h xad-amg av $1 to iv to} nAo/o> xivoZto vnb 

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L 



154 AR1ST0TELIS 

%i\q rot) nXolov <pooa?, tj to fie yog «} xov oXov xi- 
vi)OUs utptoig Si Xiy<a, to xmta noaov aoWJpffrov 
xal yog at t»k pt<>*)r xBrqaug txsgui tloi xax avra 
re xa ptyfi, xal xaut tip tqv oXgv xtotjimr. **f3oi £' 
«V Tig xa* ^i* riff oyaiqag fiakuna ty* dta<po$av * 
ou /ao to auro ta^oq torm t<Jv t* »tfo$ t*> xsViow, 
xal twf Ixto?, xm tijs oilq?, d>? aw p*txs ovoi?c xtng- 
oeca?. Ka&dmq ovv ciVTo/ie*, otm» pep eVofyrau **- 

VUO&ai TO «<(*«?&, «£ O & T« ttAo6p Xad-JtytttyO?, TOV 

nXoiov xHoMtog- *<*#' 9VT0 o° ovx hdixttai. *Z*Mi- 
Ta^aXkit&t yctQ ix xov a fi ug to ft y 9 tt* in p*yi- 
&ovg tig piyt&oc, *?t 4$ tXd&vq tig sldog, tlrs mux 
artiq>aow. 'O 6e jfooVog core* to <j> jtp«i« furufiuX- 
Xu, iq? ov o\ Ovxovv ctriyxtf, uvto, xa& oV fWTa- 
(HaXXti X(?wo*> V to T V « /$ tfw* % to t$ fi y, if to 
/itv t* ai?To v fV tovjw, to dt rt «V &ard(><» * jray /«o 
to fttTaftaXXov ovnog sl%tv. *Er fetarcoy <u*V ow, oux 
carat xf at/Tov * fU(*urthv yaq av «i'^» l^lAa f*^v •*&' 
^tw /?/• fitTafepXuxog yetg BQTah. 'Txoxenm* 3« 
ptTctfiaXXsiv. AtintTiu, di) uvto to t$ a fi ilrtu, *m& 
oV fittaftaXXu /ooyo^ iffe/uyae* aoor to /«• At tw 
«vtw £?)»«* xqw°v Twa, ygtfAtiv ip. 3."Jlg* ew 
ly&jfrrat to afisQig.xivua&at, ovd' oXctg pstaflil- 
Xiiy •■ fiovaxig ya$ Sv ov-nag rpr avxov xiyyoig, -m i 
Xqovog i}v to twv vvv * a«* y«# ^y t^ rvy xamyij^nlppy 
«y i?y, x«i fteTa/3*pXtix6g. "jlgTM xtvuo&ai pto ^^lc- 
7iot«, x«*^^a^«* ^' o:6»* tovto 3* on idirmtmr, 
didttxTcu xal ngoTiqov ovrs yoo o /ooVo? ^xv^ti^ 
yvy, oy^' ^ yQ<*wh «» any/imp, oi>' t) xtoqo&to 
xtoypvTwi, • ovdcy /«o efUo jtom* 6 tovto Xi/^v Y 

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PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VI. CAP. X. 156 

xr\v xi rijcrcy 4£ aueQ*>v, xa&amq ay ti toy XQoyor ix 
twv vvy, y xb p&yt&og ix oxiypwy. 4. *'Eu di xal 
ix x&ydt <pavE$br, oxt ovr$ tftiyftrfv, o%f aXXo aSiai- 
qztov ovdiv iydtxexttt xtysio&w anav yaq to xi- 
vovfitroy , advyaxov nobxtoov (itl£ov xiyy&rivai 
tttvrov, -jiqiv ay *} laov, ?} tXartoy. El di tovxo, ipct- 
ytqbv oxt xal y oxiypii [17] tXartoy rj loov **nj*hja«- 
tat nQWTOv. *En$l d' adutiqetog , advyaxov eXaxrov 
xivq&tiycu nobxeoov • IVnjy aqa ictvrjjj. "Jlgtt earat- y 
ygotpfii} ix oxiyptav • a si yag Varj xivovftdvT), xi]v na- 
oav yoctfifitj^ oxtyuij xaxaftexgrjoit. Ei di tovxo adv- 
yaxov, xal to xivuo&ai xb aduxigsxoy, advvaxo*. 
&."Eti d', u anav iv xqovta uwuxeu, iv di t$ yvy 
(xri&sv, anag di XQoyog dtatgtxbg, sty av tig x^ovog 
Haxx&y bxfpovv toy xwovpivtov iv w xiytixeti ooov 
aifxo • ovxog psv yaq lot at 6 zqoyog iv ft> xiytiwi, 
dia to nay iv xooy& xtvuo&ai • xgoyog di nag duu- 
gexbg diduxtai kootboov. El di\ aqa y oxiypii *w«- 
tcm, arret* xig XQWOS iXattmv, h w avxif ixtvq&ij • 
aXX* advyaxov h yao tw iXatxovt iXartov avayuq 
xivtio&cu. "jlgxe Haxcti dtaiotxbv 10 adiaiqsxov tig xb 
fkaxxov, togntq xal b XQW°S «*S * ov Zft**** * fiova- 
X&g yao &v xivolro xb apsoig xal aduxlqtxov, ti yy dp 
Tip vvv xwiio&at, dvvaxbv tw atopy • xov yao avtov 
loyov, iv xtp vvv xiy&o&m, xal adialottov « **Vf*- 
o&cci. 6. MtTttfioXri d' ovx taxiy ovdtfda anuqog* 
etnetoot yaQ r\v Ix xkvog tfg Ti, xal y iv artiyaau, xal 
rj iv iyavxiotg. "Jlgxt, xay n*y xaxa xyy ayxia>amv 9 r\ 
vpiatg xal v\ ano<paatg nioag - oloy, ysyiot&g ph xb 
oy, ip&ooag di xb (itj oy. Tatv di iy xoig ivavxioig, tcc 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



160 ARISTOTEL1S 

iyavuw xavxa yap tarty tixnu ilc ptietpoXys, Hen 
xal alXouiowg naar^ ' t£ iyavTttov yu$ zwmr jj «i- 
Xoi&aig. 'Ofioiwg dixnl (xv£ijotai$ nal arirfotag, ^4v- 
$r)<H(itg fiiy yao to iti*ttty t to tiara i?}v olxttttv tpvotr 
jsltiov ptyi&ovg. <l*&iin(og £e, r\ wvroi' war nan;* 
l/U d$ <pooa ovtto piy ovx wtat mirfqaapivi} ■ ok 
yao iinaoa iv iyavrtois, dkX* inndi} to udiWrw 

Xax^g yao Xiytjai to uSvvarov ■) ova £v$fetTat to 
ovjwg advvotTov vdptvsod-eti. Ovo oXwg Tativvfttor 
ytvia&ai, yivtQ&ai* ov&i to ptxafiallstv udvraro* 
tvdixoix ay (jkBiaftuXlttv h* itdvvuror pitit^tiXXrty, 
8- J£i ovy to qtegoptrov ptraflttXXat tl'e Tt, xcjl dtmot* 
to? sotom usnafiaXlttr, "ji$t* ovx Snetoog ij xfrqw?, 
ouo*' 04Q&i)GVHu rip anttoov. *AdvvrtTQV ytto. &t*X- 
&%ty etvjrjv. Or* fiiy ovv ovtotg ovx tarty arzttqof 
UBtafioXii, (»?« fiti dtftiQia&aiTrifjaai, tpavtgoP- 9-*<lAA* 
« 0V76)( ivdixeTdi , wgzE ju jj^oVfr) H'cui MTtioov t^# 
avttjy ova ay xal piW, o it tJijivv * /wiy jwwp j<*f ^ff£ 
yivapdyijgi oi&ey 2<w xfaXvtt' alov, tl pita j^v <po- 
oay aXXoiwrig tl't], #**.* (it m 1 i>v aXXolwaiv aii^timg, 
xal naXiy ydyeoig * oyrw yao. txzl fdv wtw t^» fqovif 
xiytjaig, aXX* oi fda t Sia to fir] tlrut pitty e* airuowr. 
flgtf Si yhiO'&ai fiiav , ovx iv$E%tr&t itTtttquv uVai 
J( ? XQQ y< & t nlty f*t&g* Avjji 6 lot} u 1 ft, 11 xv*k** 

<pOQ0t* 



Digitized by GoOgk 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VII. CAP. 1. 157 

LIBER VII. 

CAPUT I. 

Sana* to xtpovpspop arayxt) vno Ttyo£ KJVfKOTat ' 
4 /u«y yitq iv ittvitd pr) «/«* ti£* «OT^ *5? x^ofu;, 
?«y£?or ot* vo/ kripov xiptltau JBl & rfy crvTtt, «2- 
hqupdta 4<p ov to «|J, o xtrmai /* ij t» twv Tovt ov 
myuQ&tU i*. IJo&top pip ovp, to vnoXmfiftmpnv to a 
(l vq? iavtov xiptlo&tu dia to oAo* t« xtp&g&m, xal 
vno pfi&tvig w e$«#*r, fifiowv ioup, mgnto Sp xiq 
%ov 8 s xipovptog to c £ xa» avroi; xivovpivov, vno- 
lmp&a>>i\ to £ e £ vqp* avtov xwito&eu, dia to /t*ij 

aiOWf?? KOTf 0O* WTO ff0T«OO\; XlftlffXi, nOTSQOP TO O* 
t 9710 TOV t £, ij TO « £ V7I0 TOV 6* *. 2. ^?TI, TO V^P* 

iavroi) xipovptvov, ovdiiroT* nuvotxai xtpovptpop, 

fljl JTffOjr T* OTffPCU XlPOVpSVOP, ^AfiyXJ] TO/tW, ** ™ 

xcwrtcu xtpovftepop 1$ htoov t* orf/vcu, tov#' iy* 
Mpou x$p£o&ai. Tovtov de q&ptoov . ytpopipov, 
immyxq nap to xwovpivop xw&o&m vno tivog • £rt« 
y#» tftfpttou to a ft xtpovfitpov, oUatonbp eo**f 
mSm yao to utpovfiipop dictiptiov y\v. Jtt]or}0^> to/- 
M» f j? to y. lAraynq dq, tov /5 y ^f fpovyrof, ^©t- 
jifiy *a* toa/J' ei yio /*ij, fUtJqpvto xtPOVfMPOP. 
ftav toirvp ft y i^fAovpxoq, jmpoi to Sp to a y* oix 
Stmt $t*& airo xtrutai to a p. *AX£ vntxttto xa& 
m fr vwuQ&M ffo&Toy. ^Ao? toIpvp or* tov y ft 
jyop+vnro?, qQepqou xotl to ft *, xal tow *ai>0tT*i* 
i Hwt ygyoy * aXA* «f ti t$ «JUo w*pfty iot«t<m *«) 
ri Mvovfupop, to*& iq> kwioov utpntTo* ' <p«- 
► ^ij St* wfiy «o mivovptvor, vno itro$ xppifa** * 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



158 ARISTOTELJS 

diaiQlTOV yrto nitv %h xtyavptror (ojt, xal jov pttQQM ' 

TjQBflOVVTQq, rjOtpTJiltt TO oloP. $.*J£7fi* SitO XiVUVpt- 

yoy nay vno ttvoq xtvzitut, avayxq xal to xaovpwm 
nay 4v tojiw xtuhi&tti vn alio v. Kttl jo xwoitv 
Tobrvv, wp tei&ov, i fi*ii5i; xut uv id xthilrruj xal jgi- 
Xbv lovto vtf frtgov. Ov 3^ il$ Snujjov n^oiunv, 
alia ortivtutL nov r xal tora* i*, o nowrtos aiwv 
carat to*) Ntma^ii. 4. £* /ip jwi}> «Ai* »$ awpw 
nqotimv. *iiOT<N to ^iiv « utto tow ft xtin*vp£vof f to 
di ft vj*b tplt y, jh di y Jiro zov 3- xal tovtqv frj 
%QV roonov th aTTitoov noofiaiyttiu. *l£7itl ay*' aaa tq 
mtVQVVt xal avto >.t i-iUi.it, dtjloy u? afpa xi>'*jl>ijWhi 
to,t* a*«t to ^- xwo^tVoK pap rov ft xwri&t{Gtnti 
xal %o a r xal tov ft di} xivovpivQV t to y '■ *ai toI ; 
to £» *JSaj(fi talvvv Upa r t t£ rov a niyqatCt xnl *<" 
/?, xa» tow >j xttl ibtv lomtov hnitftav. J\al X&ftH* 
tolvvv avitov txatjjov oWijoojut^tf * xal yu% u I'm*- 
OtQV vq> ixaaxov xwitTut, ovdh 1,1 to v fit'v tot itp*- 
d'jttw ^ extittjrou xirtiUt?, xal olx aust^tos tol? ^tf/«t- 
to«5* ineLSfjjttQ to xwovatttov sia?* tx tafos «SVi 
xtveizcu. 5.'// ;«p aptdpijf uvuj3uiy& Tqv vittip **vf ( 
oiy elyai) q yiru, t} si'Su. 'jiQt&fzip jue* or* Uy^ *ij* 
.awflyjiMfjjrji) /*;v At tov m rfiJ' fi; to alio itti jq 
•frfUpi iy Tip auria xftiyta tdi agiS-fiM ytvofityifv* MOV 
i* jovSs %ov Itvxov, o (at iv it no vt^t&fiM, h$ hM* 
to (likav xaivt jowde ior x^otfov t i'vu ojru rw i 
^<u* e* ^-ap «ar u\kov t ovx tit pia hum it** ayt 

%fj avTfi wtiiyoftiit TJjg ovolag ij tqv yivouq T ti&u Jf, 
tf 4x tov oi/iav tc7> *j5it »$ t«i'to t(J* *io*»* o!#rl 

Digitized by G00gle i 



IJHYSIC. AU&C LIB. VII. CAP. 1. 150 

tov Xevxov dg to fiikav, ij ix tov aya&ov tig to xa- 
xov, Tctvia 8' sTo^tou xal iv roig nqoxsQQV. 6. Ei- 
hfo&io toivvv ij tov a xlvyotg, xal wmo &p ov to s, 
no* ij tov fi *V ov to £, xa» ^ tov y d iqx ov to 1? #, 
xa» o XQOvog iv $ xivutai to *, o x • agtafiivfig dtj 
%r t g xwi'iotwg tov of, w(HOftivog sorat xal o xgovog, 
ual ovx intiQog b x, al£ iv tcJ «vto> £oor<» ixivuto 
to a, xct* to /?, *<** tw* Xomatv ixaorov. Zvppetivu 
<**fow Tip xlvf^mv ^V « £ ^ #> anuqov ovoav, iv 
mqutjiivy jTooyw xtvuo&ai t$ x • & <p ya? to a &t- 
sm&to? xal t« t» <x eqpe£i?; anavia ixwsho, antiqa 
£rv€t. "Slgr iv t$ «vtw x«»ft«ft» JfiCa* y&Q ^to* S017 v 
>*fcqot$ •**** */ tov oe t J tov 0, [xa* twv orAlwy,] »j 
£*t*£o?* JicKpi^si 5' oviiv navnag yaq tr\v an*iqov 
M**q akV & nmsgaopivq /ooyw ovpfiaivei iuvue&ai. 
iStoVTO ^' advVaroy. 7. Ovr©) pi? ov* $o£e«y ay 
jfetWvod-at to ^ «?£% * •* /*»jr ddxvvtal ys> $ia to 
^tffds* «ww* vvftpcUvuv* Iro^arou y«f ^ 7wrof«- 
•4pi*y X^ovm xivqatv a&HQOv stvm, py Tip avxyv Oc, 
«§ft£ ixiq&v xal ktiqav tu>XX(»v xiwvpivwv xal «wt£- 
fum. "Owe^ ovpfkuvu xal retg vvv. %.'AkX et to 
mvovpt vov nqwwtg xuxa %on6v xal ow/Karix*/* x/yt}.- 
&&) wayx*i wma#* * fj awtyig thai tip xivovmi, 
0*<QtiiUQ ig&fur inl isavrmv <w*vto vvpftrnvev * toi«t 
4|f^ i| mtavtom & to tiw *7 ow^fiV. Tovto 6^ l»4«- 
#$^o* Hirw&tay xal foroa, to ^w piyt&og tj to ow- 
jH^fj rfy ov to a /? y 5 * 4?4£ tovtov xivrwig, 4 * f 
ipU^ . , Jmytyu &\ ovdsvi . ^ 7t47isfa0pivov, y *tn$iQ0V • 
Jlli^iC ^f^ i* ifcaM^jpwjwijw Tf^ * x»»^^o»t«^ V *««**• 
^»r *S *^o«^ueW^ 5Povf«w ^' Wf«oo>, tw* Wv- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



100 ARISTOTELIS 

ydt&y. 9. Gxtrtpor ovy on ax^it jm hot?, xal ovw 
dq omiioov noouoi to tttl lip Heqqv, &l£ tarnt t< o 
nq&Tov xivtithqasjiu * pydiv Si dLcKftgitui to vttot*- 
&irtoe tivoq tovto btixyva&vu ' rov yay £r&t%opiyQv 
tt&inog, ovdir axon or t$ti evfifittlyuY. 

CAPUT IL 
To di nowtov xivovv, p»j o*£ to ou tvtxtv, ui.1 
o&tv i\ aoxn tye mv^ut ms, tip a ivxl iw N^oi'/iiWr 
«/i« ds is/w, o»oi* oJJW>' ffvTw? pfTn|i> it; i*. Tavto 
yaq xoiyby inlnartb? myuvuimv xttl xtyovyrof iauv* 
2. 3 £nsl di *Qug (i$i nty^attSt § it xujai6itQr f not 
xatit to ffotor, *a* Mar *i to ji ooov, «m/x*j nal 1 1* **- 
yovptyot toi«. *H piv ovy xatxa ju^qv, tpoffm ■ y &i 
xotta to tkhok, txJUtotWtt,* ■ ^ *5i Mara to 700:0 * , af - 
£*}Oi$ xa* q>$ioig. JIqwjqm w ovv vitiq rr t g yogi* g 
t?it»fiey avjr\ yao nQwtT} iw xtvijqtwt' iti uv* jinay 
dv\ to iptgofisyov, ij vtp avxav xiyttna, ij vrt ullov* 
Ooa per ovv avxi vty ttvjwv xwitTaij ipttvt^bv ty 
TOVTotf, or* apa to HiyovfitvQy x&lto xiyovy low - 
iwvnaQX** 7"? avxok tb n^tov xivuvv ■ cS^t* oi^w 
Am? ocya /irraSv. Ooa J' vit allot* xiviiia^ titoa- 
^fwc *yay%n ylyBO&ai. 1 tiutou yao tidy tiJ? i» 
ixAAov qpooa?, &£*?, not?, oxtjotg, oVrifOtf • an atom 
yao al uatm xonov xwyoztq ay&yovTtti tl$ taviag - jj 
f«ir yio mow*; **ole xtq tutty, bttty to aii uviav »*- 
rovv inaxolov&ovy £&$. *H d' ufjrwois, ot&v p% t- 
n&xolov&f) xivfioav. *// de $ttyi<;, ot«k ogwopouow 
so*i|Oi7 T^y asr *t>rov xiyqatv it^ x«i» ^i/»u»' -f onac. 
nal pixQi tooWtov ^iotjTaf, icw^ b*' tfftiTij ^ 3<iri|Oif« 
77tnUy ^ dfe»w »«i ovf«*o^ ffTrwo^ kctj ll^if titf/r • 9 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VII. CAP. II. id 

fiiy yag dhnoig aTttaoig * i? yag pri etviw f ij &i* Sl- 

Xov effT*y 4 anwotg. *H di avvmig &frf * «tf # /«£ 

TTpoff «vio xal ngbg iXlo i\ tkZtg. "Hgts xttl em toir- 

xoiv tidr^y oloy ovct&ri<fi$ xal xigxtmg • 13 ^iv yag, 

ovviaaig • 4 ^4> &h*o*S * QfAoiwg di xal at &Uat ovy- 

xglong, xal dmxglvHg • arcaaai y*$ %aovtai dimotog 

iq ovvwoti$ ' Ttlqv oqrat & ytvsoet xal y&oyy daw. 

. jif*» di yavsgov, on ovdi iotw alio u yhio<g wqas- 

wg* % ovyxgwig xal diaxgung' ancaiou yag 9iavi- 

povTcu $tg tivag tuv UQTjfidyw. "Eti d' y pkv eigwoy 

_ $X£ig • ij d* ixnvoq aoig now. 'Ojtoiwg di xal 13 mv- 

oig, xal Sam alXat, dia tov oapatog r\ ixxgttixal fj 

• , ItjTitiXcd xwrioeig. Al fih yag, tXfrig • al di, an<*~ 

. vug. Ju di xctl rig aXXag tag xata tonov mayuv • 

mtaaai yog niitzovow tig tiaaagag tavtag, Toviwv 

fa tkxIiv ij ojcyoig xai h divriaig *U &£w *«* <*><uv ~ V 

fUv yag bxrjaig xata toittav twit t&v rgim tgoiwv 

4<t%l * to nky yag 6/oviasvqv xivutai xata avfifttftri- 

.*bg,OTiiy xwovptyto iotlv, i} inl xwovptvov ttvog' 

\fo. d* w&ovv o%u % fal. to d' ixovv xivii,taC\ ij hXxi- 

^jjprov, % u&QVftfyov, q dwovpsvoy. "J&t* xowy iativ 

; ijiaawv *$»> %gw» ij axneig. 'if ?« dtpqai$ avyxuxai 

t$ U$wg if xal w<wo>^. *4*iyw X«G jo Hmvv, to 

^jjiy Xlxuv, to &* &$&? ' to (*& yii$ ay avtov, to 

jUngbg avtov fiysh "Jftst ^ jo fb&ovv xal to tlxoy 

*,#&*. t^ f*dovpb>y xal tw Uxo^tV^ yavtQov oti to£ 

Iffta tovQv xivovftfvm/ xal xwovnog ovdsv iath fte- 

AaaJ!w - l ^4ia pkv tovto, Aiioif xa» ix Twy pgMfl$v. 

I pi? yag &mv % iq> avtov, ij «7r aUov w^Qff 

MhqqiS* Wptt b*> h « w> «Uov ngbg wifo, ^ 

Arist. Phts. Aii8c. L 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



102 ARISTO t \ LIS 

noog aXXo, Stay &attoy q xhyaig t\ tov Uxovtoj, 13 
%wQiZ*v<fa an aXXtjXw ta GVy^ * ovzw yitQ <jw#- 
<psXxetat &dreqoy, (T&xa Si deists* ay tlvvi tig ft- 
£if xal aXXoig • to yceo tvXov tlnu to ttiJo ■ ovj &»- 
T0>* TOO*', oi&iv SkCUpioBi xiyavufvov roil zlxorto? 
fj phonos fkxw oti jU€f ^«£ Hkh ou Amp, ori d& 
ov r t y,^ L*o*waTOj> fli ^f uq> vlvjov nqog alio, ij an 
aXXbv nqog avto xivuv py antopsvor. "Sign (part- 
obv on tov xata tonoy xwovpevov xal xivovytog, 
oidev iott peta$v. 2»'AXXa prjy oidl tov dXXoiov- 
piyov xal tov dXXoiovrtog. Tovto Si dyXov 4£ iaa- 
yw/ys * iv anaat yaq ovpfiabu Spa elvat to tog*- 
tov aXXoiovv xdl 10 \no.£nov\ dXXotovptvov • [virb 
itov uotipcvary • ravra yaq tort, nd&rj t^g vnoxiipi- 
yrjg noiotrjftoq .] ij ) yaq &sqpaiv6p**ov , fj yXvxaiyo- 
ptrov, *j nvxvovpeybv, ij fyqawoperoy, ij Xevxaiyopt- 
vov, dXXotovodaL (papev, ' bpoitag xs to Hipvxov xal 
to tptffvxov Xiyovttg, xal ndXiy t&y dpifntxtov, ti n 
ar\ aia&ytiXa twv psqiav atrtag Tots' od<j&r,aug. &JX- 
Xovovyfcti ydq nag xal dl alc&tjoiig* f) ydq ai'a&rjat; 
tj xai iviqytuxv, xbr\olq taxi did tov otapcnog, na- 
GXofow t$ tijg aUt&rjaeag* Ka& oda per ovv to 
Xfvxo* aXXoioVreu,' xal to Bpifwxoy, xatf Soa de to 
spipvxoy, oi Xataiavtandvta to aiftvx *' ov ydq 
dXXoioVTcti xata tag alo&^asi^, xal to pw Xav&dvu, 
to d 9 ov Xav&dvU ndoxov. Ovdh Sb x<aXvu xal to 
epyvx ? XaP&dpetv, otav prj xata tdg aho&r}(jsig yi- 
yytjtai % dXXolaoig. JEfrttQ ovv dXXoiOvrcti to aXXoir 
oiptvov vno raty ai<j&r)t(oy, iy anaol ys tovtoiQ <]P«" 
vtqov Sn apa tatl to tdx&tov dXXotovy, xal to n$*~ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VII. CAP. III. 163 

mo? alXoiovukpop • tw pev yag avvtyW o ayg, tw 6* 
aioL to tw/uc*. UaXvp de> to pfr XQ*P* T< P <P«*«> *o 
dicp&g ttj oyeu Top avtop di taonop xal y axoy 
xal r\ oo(pQ7}<jt,$ * no&top yag xwovt* ngog to xivov- 
pepop o ar}$. Kaltolr^g ysveuag opofag. "Apayag ttj 
ytwm o xvpog. 4* € /lgavtotg di xalinl r«y ayvx<ov 
xal arawr&yvfap. "Jlgt aider cbrai fieta$v tov «A- 
Xoiovfisvov xal tov ockXoiovvtog. Ovdi prp xov av- 
Isarofuvov ze xal av^optog • av£otvsi yag to ngiatop 
av&ov ngogyvpoawop, ugts tp yiyp$o&at to oXqv. 
Kal nakw <p&bu to op&lvov otTioyivopevov ttpog twv 
rov q>&ipoptog> Idp&yxr) qvp avpsxig slpairxal to av- 
&p xal to y&ivov • tow di awty®* ovdip (istaSv. 
&apegov ovv on tov xipovp&pov xal tov xipovptog 
ugtfaov xal iaxaxov ngog t* xwovuipop oidip iatw 
ova fUaov, 

CAPUT 111; 

■ ■ ■ "Ot^ di to alXowvpepop ana* alloiovtai vno tmv 

jir^Jjiw, xcu 4p tovxoig popotg aXXoiwoig Xiyitai 

mdtexatf avta naajgH, 4x twvds dstogyxsov. 2. Tup 

jwq idtov xaXXusxa ap ttg vnokufioi, %p te xoig ozy- 

ipatot, xal iv talg aog^aig, xal ip ta%g f&ot, xtx* toig 

&&vx<av iijipsai xa* aJSofioXaig, alloiotoip vnagxuv • 

fa avStxigoi? di iou • to f*ir yag oxn^axiio^isyov 

'tiwn innxXeod-f], ov Xiyopsv ixtlvo 4£ ov iaxip % otop, 

Amsavdowna ^aAxov, if xrp nvqaptda xtfgbp, % tijv 

idipqv ZvXov • ilia nagmpv/itA^opxeg, to ph %*d- 

jjmtx? to dixfywop, to di IvXivov* to di nenov&og 

&&viilloi*j(Adver nqogayoqevo(uv. Sfjqov yaq 9 xal 

^$f*r, xal oxkriqov, xal xtsopov top x<*^*ov Idyojup 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 



164 ARlSTOTfiLIS 

xal top xyqo* • xal ov fiorow ovtwg, aXXa xal to v- 
yqbx xal to &$qpw jpxAxoy Xiyeptv, optavv pmg %y 
na&n nqo$ayoq*w>mg tqv vXrp. "&&T tl xazm pir 
to oxrjfHX xal tfjv poq<p*p ov Xeytrai to yeyowg & 
w ion to oxnp** xut« Si tit nx&q urnl tag aXXom • 
oug XiynvhfuvtfovoT* ov* ax slev al /ex&m? avrat 
aXXomaug. 3. 'few di xal si-Jtuv oiitmg Stonox w 
doSeisv, jjj uXXowvo&at xbv av&qoMcov, ij %if* oinU*, 
<rj «XXo otiovx tmv yiyevyp&wv, aXXa ytvia&ai ph, 
Vang txaotpv arayxalov, aXXoiovpirov wig* Ciov 
tyg vXxg nvxvovfUrfig, ij petvovp$vi)9, % &tqfiaivopt- 
vyg, ij iffVXOfMyrjg, Oi pixtot T« ywopwa alXouw- 
jcti, ovd* t; yivtaig avtmv aXXoitaolg iati*. 4- *Mlit 
(iti* ovtb al «!«$, ovrt al tov Otofxaiog AovraL A 
ps* yaq aqttai, al 9i xxxtai, tap &mv. Ovx tort dt 
ovt6 t) aqstrj, ovts t) xaxla aXXoitooig, aX£ jy pkx uqt- 
ti\ TtXeicooig rig iotiv ot&v[yi»q~\ Xa/Srj irp kaviov 
aqstifv, tot* Xiyttou riXtiov hux<nw tow yaq km 
pakwta to xata oyvoiv • wgntq xvxXog t&wog , or*r 
paXtata yivma* xvxXog ftiltiatog. *H ai xaxia, a&o- 
oa tovtov xm ixatecatg. Jlgntq ow ov»e to tij$ o*- 
xt'as TeAeMipa Xiyoptv aXkoiuw * (aTonoir y«f •> o 
&qiyyog xal i xiqapog aklokao^f fj d &qtyyomini 
xal xsQapovptvi] iXXatovtai, alXa pri ttXnovtat n 
oixla-) tot avt&v tqbnov xal ixl tmw iqnmr xm 
tnv xaxtwv, xal twt iftovwv ij Xapftayorrw almh 
yaq t$X*u*osig, al W ixoTaaug uoh ' »Vt» oix $1- 
Xou*su$. "JEttdk xal yape* anaoag «2votT«9 a^trot 
iv t» woo? t* nwg tfaiv tag psv yaq tov n i pv tog, 
olov vyUtav xal tvtH**, ir xpdvti xal avfipmqif 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VII. CAP. III. 165 

&*Qftm? xml fvxQBV ti&tftep, ij avta ngbg ttvta tmp 
iwtog, rj ngog to ntgUxov. 'Oftoitog 9s xal to- xdXXog 
xal %f(v iozvr, xal tag SlXag agetag xal xaxiag. *Exa- 
crtti yajg dm im itgig tt nmg e'xw, xal ntgl tot oixiia 
nm&tf «v */ ***&g d$ati&tfai to fyov * ohtua d\ vq> 
ap yiyyso&ai xal y&eigta&ai tttcpvxsv. 3 £nel ovv tit 
ngog t$ wn avtd iaxiv aXXoimoug, ovts avtmv icrrtv 
e&Xofaaig, ovxe y&vtaig, ov&* oXcog ov8& ft era/Soli} 
ovdtfUa, (pavegor ott ov&* ai U«t£, ov&* al tmv §S««y 
airoffoXctl xal Xrjipetg, aXXotmaug tioiv, aXXit yiyrt- 
o&eu per "wag avtal xal <p&*ig£0&ai aXXoiovpivtov 
twwt Stpayxrj, xa&dnsg x«» to tidog, xctl tip juoo- 
qpijf*, oiior &egftwp xctl yw/owy, vj fyguv xal vygwv, ij 
h olg tvyxarovaiv ovoai ngmtoig * ntgl tavta yag 
kxdorrj Xiysrat xaxia xal dgttij, wp &v aXXoiovofrcti 
ir&pvxe to %x ov " V f*** Y<*Q aqstr] notii aita&ig, rj 
&q d€L ncc&rjrtKov • ij 8i xotxlct na&qtixbv ftiv ivav- 
tlmg xal ana&ig . 5- 'Ofioiosg Si xal btl tw r^g yw- 
Zyg f&wr. "Anaoai yag xal avrai tw 7100? t* nmg 
8X*&> *«* al flip antral t$X(U»oug • ai 9i xaxiai $x- 
araosig. *Kn di, ij fib dgexTj fv diari&rjoi ngbg tit 
omnia nady rj oe xaxia xaxag. "flgt ov&* avxcxt 
tfooprai aXXoicooEtg ' ovSe drj xal anoftoXal xal ai 
Xrppug awtwr. 6. tfvso&ai 8* avtitg avayxatov aX- 
Xotovfjdvov tov ata&rjttxov fiigovg* aXXoua&rj(ntai 
divno ttip aia&fjtwr' anaaa yotg y ^&ixi] agetii, 
moi TfSorag xal Xvnag tag omfiatixag • avtai Si tj (v 
T^J Tiqattuv, ^ iv Ty fiffivrja&at, ij iv t% iXni&tP. Ai 
pfrow h t§ ngaUi, xatatfjv aYa&fi<riv uglv> rngj? vnb 
ata&r)Tov tivog xiv&o&ctf al 8' iv tJ pry fig xal 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



160 Aft 1ST 1 EL1S 

jjj &rc/fl i> ano xavxry; twiv * v yag tfl« tna&or ut- 
fiV7)fjiiyoi rjtiovxm, *j lAwffoyMg o*« pivovmv. "Jlqj 
avayxrj naoav xqv xoiavz^y ly^ay^ vjto xair aivdrj- 
xwv yiyvio&LU. 'Entl d* tidovijg xal IvTtyg iyyiyvo- 
(iivrjg, xal »; xaxia, xal ijj flpirrj tyyiyvttut* (ntgl 
xavtag yag tUnv *) al ds q&ovul xal al ki>:ttu alloibt- 
oug xov alo&flTixov amvfftoy oti alAoiovpivQif ft* 
vbg, avayxq xal xavxag ujtofiulAuv, xal Ittpfiuiruif* 
Exi, n fiiv yivtoig avxmv un aXAotwotta$ t avxy & 
ovx toxiv aXXoiowig. 7« *AAAa flip ovdt tut frapoif* 
t*x<£ fiigtt, xr^g yrvxVS**! aXXoltooig* To ;*b^ immit- 
fiov paXiaxa xwv ngog ti Xiytxai. Tovro di fljjlo* ' 
max Qvdtpiav yag dvvapir xivii&tiaiv iyylvex&i re 
xyg intoxriprig, aXX' vnag^ivrog xtros' tx yag ti}$ 
xaxa fiigovg ipnsigiag x%r xu&oXov AttfAfiavapitv im- 
oxiifAfjv. Oidi dy i) ivigyna yiveaig, d pn xi$ xal 
xrp ava(lA*yw, xal xr\v itq}r t y ytviatiq ipqai' xoioiiio* 
yag tf ivigytia. JlaXiv Si ir^ jfpijarwg xal ttfc ivtg- 
yeiag ovx wxiyivtoig, tl ^) xtg xal rrjg uwptiiptag, 
xal xyg a<jpjjs ol'sxai yhta tv thai, xal to ivegyii* 
opoiov xovxoig. *H dk & agxfc * Wff *W inmnpW* 
yivtoig fiiv ovx boxiv, ovd' aXXoiwoig • . to yag qgt- 
firjaai xal arrival xyv diavoiav, inioxaadat xal tpgo- 
vtiv XtyofAt&a. Elg ds to ngtptiv, oix taxi yiveaig ' 
o'Xag yag ovdtpiag iisxaPoXyg, xa&dnsg tfgyxai itgo- 
xtgor. "Ext de, agneg oxav ix xov jit&vuv, q xa&sv- 
dw>, ^ voour tig xa ivavxia fisxaoxrj xtg, ov tpaue* 
inurtfjfiova ytyovivai naXw • xaixoi advvaxog % tj 
inioxrjfir) xg^ho&ai ngoxtgov * ovxta ovd oxav 6* ag- 
Xqg Xappaytj xqv t$iv x$ yag xa&ioxao&ai xt}* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. Vll^ CAP. IV. 167 

tyvxw ix Tyg rj&ixyg agtxr\g t (fgovifiov x* yivsxai xal 
inujxyfiov. Jii xal xanaidia ovxs [Aav&aytiv'dvya- 
xa*, 01/ tc x«t« xag aiofrijoeig opoifag. xgiysiy xotg 
ngfoftviigotg • t^oXXt) yvtg r t xagaxv *«* h ■ xiV^ats. . 
Ka&iaxaxai ds xal navtiou xx\g xagaxfof xixs ftiy 
vrio, tjjs (pvomg, xoxs $' vtx aXXwv • iv ajMpQxdgQig 
di alkoiovnivay xvymy xS>v iy CH&paxi, xa&dntg iul 
xi}g iyigastog, xal xqg iyegytiag, oxay vrppw ybr\xak 
xal iysg&jj. <PavsQ0v ovv ix twv slg/qfiiv^v, oxi to 
iXXoiovo&ai xa* allomoig, %v ti xolg euod-qToig yi- 
vsxai, xal [fQ iv x<£ aio&rjjixo) poqitp xr^g fVXVS' &*' 
aXkf*) dt ovdeyl, nXipr xaxa ovfifitfit^xog. 
CAPUT IV. 
, Anogr^GUi $* ay tig, noxsgov toxai xivtjatg naoa 
naag av^XTjj7 if % ov. Ei di] ioxi naoa ov^pXifXf} p 
xal Oftoxaxig xo.iy tOfpXQW*? ' aov xivov flavor, tcrrou 
71 sgnftgrjg Tig toy ti& ia, xa+ {j&lfyav A9 xal iXuixtov. 
£u, aXXotoMJig xcu yoga xtg Vat), oxay h 1'oy jTfor^, 
to pfa otXXouo&fj, to d' ivsx&fl' "jSata* Sou loov xo 
na&og firptw al£ advvaxov. *Ak£ aga Sxay h tout 
XQ&vw Toov xivud-y , xixs looxaxig' lew d& ovx tar* 
na&og fijpui* "Jlgx* ovx saw alXoiomg <poga toil, 
ovfo il*xT(»y. 'Jlgxs ov naoa ov^pXx^x^. 2/Enl&i 
xom xvxXov xal xf\g sv&siag iwg ovp/Hyatoa* ; axonim 
xs yag> sipy e<rsa* xyxly, ofiolag xovxo xivuo&at, 
xalxovxQ inl xtjg ti&dag* aXka tv&vg avayxx\ ij 
&axroy> 1} (fyudvxsgov, Hgnsg si, xo fib xaxarisg, to 
f. ayavxtg, 3. "Ex$ ovdiv dtatydgtt, [w&8' iy] »y Xo- 
fq, *V xig <pr)v$ity, avayxrjv thai, &axxov tvfrvg r\ 
{tqabixtgoy u+ytto&ai * toxai yog piifav xal iXaxxmv 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



168 ARISTOTELIS 

y nt^Kptorjg ti}s tv&tlttc, w^tf x«i tart * tt yaq *V f w 
a /(>ovft>, to fi«V Tijr /J oV?jA#*> to 0s t^ ^, pifflw ft 
*£ij % p rye y; otrrw ^np tci ^-aTTov iXiptto. Ovxovt 
xcrt el «V ilattovi }o6v, & tin op* ta$r eoto* t* ptgo? 
tov a, it m xb Q tov xvxlov to Tow dfrwtj xtfiio 7 
«V oil« t« ot T^/r /. 4. liAl« ^i^, el &m $vppXf}zv, 
ovfifiaivu to «^ti (Ji?#ir , toTf* tv&itltjt* that xvxlta ' 
aiX* ov |vjU/fXi}Tcr f ovo* * i'get nrl Hirtjo-fts'. \4ll e<Jtf 
ixij Ofuowpa, an art a ^vupX^td, O'tov <J«i t* 011 $vp- 
pXfjroP, noitQOv h&fotQOv ro yqatpnov, 17 olroff, 1 
il vrirri* Su ytxo ofuwvuu, ov tvpfifoiTn, cUi* tj njiq 
T*j notoatrjtij Iv/U/ftifTG*, oti to «vto u-tjiiuirrt to &£*> 
€tt' afi(polv. Ay ovv ov TtiVTtiv to Tajfu *Vrfft'^a, 
Xftxti; noXv Si ti finav ir aJUawWi- xat yOQtt. 5« # 
ng&tot /isV Totrro ovx ucJLtyd , £$> *«£ tl pij hpvrvpti 
$Vfiplt)ja; to yt/tQ itolv to ctvtb uijJwwtVtt tV ffafi 
x«* arfoi> x«fc ov avftpXf\Ta. El &£ /iij, to ^f oWa- 
aior to avfO • fltfo ^et£ ti^o*' fV, xat ov avpfiliii*- 
6. "if *o£ «*t& T0vw»y o f*iro? X6yog; *»• 7«p **> ■** 
Xv outt yi/jttOv. itlf $>W x«£ autovvpot at Xoyoi - aitf? 
ft Myoi tig, ot% to noXv to tooqiJto?, *« * tn ttXXo to 
Toaovxovy ftal TO Tgq* opmvvuor f nal to tr fii, a 
XWi tv&vg bfitorvpov. El Si tovto , xott t» 3 10, 
7. 3 £w«i fait tJ t« /ttir avp/IXiiii, ret Bi ov; tVnttt ip 
ftitt (pvxsiq. **ff OT* A» fiUt-i /TOturw Jj?KTtxiH; a ^t* ovw 
t7nro?xai4 »6df Zvpfil^iit, -jrortoov XtvxoTSQov* it 
at yoQ TiQiatm, to vito, y tfrztqiaittta • *#* KtfT« ji«x^ 
^•o^ ^*iJtw?. "rdciQ $i x<ti if-MA'ij or tJ ar'iiw ytff» 
8. // faiXoir o't* €<7T«i ot/Tu /t jiwt« ^ TtowTr, ^ «i* 
Xif vi' tuenrxinv qwamtt ityai, xal tor tit taVTuv i*/o># 

Digitized by G00gle 



PHYSIC. AUSC. UB. V1I. 4 CAP. IV. 169 

xctl yXvxit, xvl Xsvxbr, aX£ iv uXXq. 9.Kctl fat 0«- 
xxvxbv ov to ti^oV &tw, cU£ ly kvbgrb tiqwjov. *A}£ 
aQa ov fibvor 9& ta SvpplrjTCi py o/uorv/ua thai • 
aXXa xal py fyuv duxquoqav, (if)™ o, fi^t iv w • Xiyw 
diy olov ZQ&fi* *x** foayooav y dtaiowiv * toiyaoovv 
ov avpfilqtbv xaxa tovjq ' olov TfOJBQOV X&XQWfAU- 
xnsxai fiaXXov ft*) xaxa %i Xlfif*** «W # Xffif** ' &- 
Xa xcnct to Xtvxov. Ovui xal neql xivqoiv, bpoxaxig 
to ivJivy xqqv<$ xivq&bt laov tooovdL 10- El dtj 
xov prjxovg iv w$b% w-fiiv ijXloui&tii to 0« h v W&n ' 
totl cioa «vtij ij cuUofootf xa* bfiQxaxns tj 9009; 
«JU? axonov. Alxiov tie, Sxi % xfrtjoig fyn *«#*?• "Sle- 
xt f* Ta /? t$ toy XQWty iv$x&& Ta ^ aov M*°$ * w°~ 
raxn «ot««, taq f} si&ua xal § nsquptOTis. JIoxbqov 
ovv al'xiov, or* ij 900a y&0£, ^ ot* # /go^ih y&vog; 
o per yao jfooVo? av?o? c«* axopog xta rfdei, ij xal 
afta ixuva el'du diatpioti; xal yog r\ 900a sldii %XBi t 
civ ixuvo tyy sl'dt), itp ov xtvelxai. "Exi 6e av di oy» 
olov, tl nodes , fiadwig * si nxigvytg , mtjoig ; ij ov, 
alia xolg oxypaow 19 <jpooa aXXy; <3gT« t« & t'aa» 
XQQVty to avxb (Uye&og xivoifuva iaotax^ ' to ovto 
M <5M)eyo(»oy f^i, xal xiyijon adiatpogov tldu. 11. 
*!/Z^T€ tovto orxfi7TT«oy, tiV dtwpoQa xtvfjomg. Kal 
arjfialvu y* o loyog ovrog, ot* to yivog ovx *v ti, «^~ 
Aa 7iaoa tovto kav&avn nolXa. Etai it ruv Q/twru- 
jUMuy, a* /ity JioJlv a7r^ovaa*, «» ^i wyi bfioiojtjja 
sxovacti, ai di iyyvg, y yivth ^ avotloyio}* Jib ov 
doxovow bfiwvvfiicu elvau, ovocu. IJoit ovv htoov 
to tldog; iav tavtb iv ally, rj Sv aXXa iv aXXty; xctl 
tig Q$og, i) t^J xqivovfjLtVy ou tatvtb to Xtvxbv, x*l 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



170 AM1ST0TELIS 

to yXvxh, r) alio* ij 01 1 b &XX<a qahuat truant; 15 
ot» oA«$ ov Torino. 12, fJfgl dy aXXotatatoitt ™,' 
ion* iootaxhs Maa trip**; ?t <%/ i&t* to vyia^u^at 
aXXoiovo&ai. "jZoti di, wr fib i**%u> *®* 0* fiQct$iw$ 
ia&rjrcti, xal afia wag. "licit iaiiy aXXoitatiig J<h»~ 

louu&i); to yio 100 * ovh i\fT*a btav&a Ityvptvor, 
aXt erg b tw rtoaw miotic, btav&a nfiotQtijs* j*i* 
torw to Otvro uttapaXXor t'v low ^jooiro towa/*;. Ho- 
T€0OP ©vy & ov to na&oc r "j rb na&og dtl <n\t*fiakXtir-: 
ixtav&a fib dq or* ij vyina ij «ur*j r ftm Xafklvt i\ 
[o*i] ovt€ fiaXXov, ovte ffnov, aXX 1 oftoimg vTzfffjH- 
'Bay 6$ to Tia&og alio x, n]or tiXXoi-ovttti to Xtvxm-* 
voptrov, xal to vyva$optvm\ TQ\itotg ovdb to avtb } 
ovd* Jaov, ovd 9 oftoiov, ij [^7] tot via ?V5fj Tzviii aX- 
Xomotwg, xal oix eatt fiin ? iwc^fp ov&t <po#a, "Jlgt* 
Xrjittiov, nooa tidy aXXoiwoiifK^ xal 710 ctk <i<oang* M 
ub ovv tct xivoifitva tt&tt diatpiou t>tv ilmv at xwq~ 
oug xatf avtit, xal fiy xai(t m'/i ffr/frjHo?, xal al xt- 
ryong tldti dioiuovaiv • h di yiru, ybtt ■ 1 1 &i aqt-* 
&f$t aQixrpjp. tS.'AXXit dy naitoov tig to na&og 
dei flXiymi, iax tf to avrh * t afiotuv ti itiOTttxtlg oi 
aXXouooug, i) tig to aXXoiovpfyov ■ [qlq* ti, toi/ px* 
TotorM /UAsvxayra*, toO tf« Toooyo7, ) rj tig apq>m / *&i 
y airy fib, 1) &XXr} to> nti&u, ti to avtb, tj aXXo * 
fori 61 ^ avusog, tl ixuvo laov i] avioov. 14. Kal 
inl ytvioaag di xal q&oQag to avtb oxtntior, n»g 
laoraxv? V yivtoig, d iv tow jfooVoj to avro x«J *to- 
pox , olov av&qvmog aXXa fit] Jfiov • ^«rrftw ^c, « 
^k ftf^ ^reooy • ov yaq tzoftfr tiva dvo, b olg ^ Ire* 

• 



PHYSIC. AUSC, LIB. VII. CAP. V. 171 

Qovyg, ig y avOfUHOxi\g. Kal tl toxiv oiot&ftbg r\ ov- 
aict, nXtfav i) iXaxtwv (X(M&pbg bfioioHdrjg * otXX* «Va?~ 
Wfiov xb not* or, xal to ixaxtyov • £7ro*or • to /u€K 
noiov J ^gnsg to nX&ov na&og, r\ to vmoixov, pctXXov 
to de noobv, p&£ov. 

CAPUT y. 
*2&rt2 £i to xrvovv xws§ ti [««*,] x«2 IV w«, xa» 
/*&£' * ov# (^/» £«> xb fiiv sv xtvi,, oxi ivxQovw • TO 
£* ft&o* tov, oti ^roooy w pijjxo?* ««* /«o a/ua xim 
xal x&Uvtjx$v. "jlgtt noobv 11 sorvu o ixtvy&ri, xal 
iv Jroofoi *) si dt) to /i«y a xb.xtvovv, xb ds ft to x*- 
vovptvov • boov di x%xhi\xai /* ijjxo?, to / • if oow £« 
o Z$6vog iq? ov 9 • iv drj to) fan XQOV(t> y tori dvva~ 
pifh &<p <? «» *b Tifjuov xov /? dmXctolav xov y xw%- 
o$t. Tqv di to y, iv tw yfiiau xov S. Ovxto yao 
iviloyov taxm. 2. Kal $1 r) airy dvvapig to avxb 
iv ttodl rep XQ^vat, 7 *l v Toorjvds xivu, xa* tip rjfiioeuxv 
iv t<£ fiftiati, xal r) r)(iloeia ioxvg to r}(tujv xivtjom iv 
t£ foot *£0»w to loov ' olov rrig a dwapswg torn 
yptoua y xb f, xa» tov /5 to £ ^tuov * bfioimg dy 
txovoi, xal avaXoyov r) ioxvg ngbg xb (taoog. "flgxi 
to loov iv Too) xqovco xivyoovoi. 3« Kal el to c to f 
mvii iv t<» 5 T^y y, ovx avdyxtj iv t<» toy XQO*H> T ® 
£g> ov € to dutXaoiov tov £ xtmv T^/r fipiauav trig y i 
tl drj to a tt)v to /5 xivr\ou iv tw d, ootjv r) to y, to 
ypwv tov a, to iq>* ov e tijv to § ov xiv^ou iv t<ji 
XQovta iqf o) d, OW %v tivi tov H„tI Tqgy t rj avo- 
Xoyov nqbg Tyv oXyv t^v y, u>g to « nobg to t • oXtag 
yito, u *xvx*v, ov %wr\ou ovddv - si yay r\ oXr\ loxvg 
tOQ^vdz ixhrjotv, fj ijfAioua ov xiv^on, ovxe nooiiv, 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



172 ARISTOTELIS 

ovts iv Q7io<J(aovv • slg yuq av nwoit) xb nXolov, «£- 
ntq 7} xb xmp psoXxup xipvexai taxis «*£ xqp aoi&fibv 
xal el$ xb [*y*os, o ndvxsg 6«Vi?tf«*\ Aut xovxo o 
Zijrauro? Ao/off avx <xXr}d-itf , &S yo<f>u TVS ?Uyx$w 
bxwvv fUqos ' oidiv yag xalvei py xivsiv rip dioa 
iv fir^dspl XQ°p($ xovxov bv ixivrjoev ifmtotav o oXog 
{tidiftvog • oidi dy xoaovxov fioqkov, oaay dp xiPfpeii 
tqu oXqv, el sI'tj xa& 3 avxb, xovxo oi xwu • ov$e yao 
oidiv iaxip ill 3 % iv x$ oXm dwdpti. 4* Ei dixa. 
dio, kxdxegop di xwvds exaxeoov xwu roaovde iv xo- 
ofyde, xal ovvXv&ipspat at dupaft$*s xb ovv&exov ix 
xSnr paQwv, xo loop xwqoovgi fiyxog, xal iv lay zqo- 
v(a • dvaloyov ydo, Aq ovv ovxta xal in aXXoua- 
oms xctl in av^astas • xl flip yaq xo av&v, xl di xo 
ai$av6fitvov. *Ev noou> di XQbva, xal ttouop, xo flip 
ab$u t xb di avSdptxai* Kal xb dXXoiovp, xal xb aX- 
Xoiovpevov wgocvKog, xal xl, xal 7lqoov xaxa xb ftaX- 
Xov xal xb rixxQv TjXlcHMTCti' xal iv nooto /£oV^, iv 
dmXaoiy dinXotaiov, xal xb drnXaowv iv dnxXaoioy 
xb d* qfuov iv iifiioBi XQbvty, % iv fyuaH ijutau, ^ 
iv toy dmXdaiov. El di xb aXXoiouv r} uv$ov xb to* 
oovde, iv x$ xoacodl % av&t jj dXXoidt, oix dvdyxq 
xal xb qjAKJv iv fifiiash xal iv ijfiiau %fuov~ *Al£ ov- 
div si 8xvx*v aXXowvei tj avSyost, wgntg xal 4nl xov 
Qdoovg. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. Vlll. CAP. I. 173 

LIBER VIII. 
CAPUT 1. 

JLloftQQ* &e yiyovi nott xly^ohq oix ovaa noittoop, 
xa\ (p&siottai, naXtp ovt&g &gx* xtyuodou ftrjdtv • i] 
ovts iybtto, ovrt tp&ttonai, aX£ otelfjr, xal ad total, 
xml tovi a&mpmtop xal Snavotop vn&qx** *&$ of- 
mw, c&op £»?j % tg ovaa to%g anion ovvevrwji naoip ; 
JSivsn fib ovv xhrjoip nmpttg q>aob ei mol yvomg 
xi Xiyopttg, St a to xoofionoitip, xal it*$l ytpi&tm*g 
xal tp&oomg slva* tip &$Moiap naoip mitoig, rjp mdv~ 
p<tt op wtaqxup }*V nvpffatrng ovorig, *Jl£ omoo* ftb 
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x&tioip * avayxaiop yaq tag ytpiotig xal tag q>&OQag 
that fiSTct xipifomg airriw. u Oooi di ba xal atl, y IV'a 
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yxq tovto evfiftaipttp • yyao, vgApatayofagXiyw qpij- 
6* yam ixiipog, bfioi napt&P ovttap xal v)o*fiovptwp w 
anttoor XQ** *, xlpffoir ifinoii)oai top povp xal b*Ht- 
xifatat* rj ig ^BfmtdoxXrig, b fiiott xtpuq&ai, xml 
xaXw tjotfinp • xtrua&ai fib, otav r) tpdia in noX~ 
xmy noilj to b, rj to piixog noXXa £ bog • r)qtm4b 
fab toigunatv XQowW teytup oiitmg, 

— jl fib b ix nlsoytop fttpaxhjKt ayito&mt, 
* 'ffti naXiP bSwpipiog bog, nUop txttU&&wt, 
Ty pip yiyponai tt, xal ov otptotp HmmSog aUb' 
r Ht fa ttaXXmooonmi diamrttQtg; ovd* a/ta Xyytv 
Tavtji 6* aiip taoip axlp^tot xata xvxXo*. 

■ 



174 ARISTOTEL1S 

to yao, y de $utXlaoaoitx«h : 4v%tiv$t ixuae liyuv «v- 
thy vnoXrinxiov. 3* 2%tmiov dy ntol xovtwv nmq 
l#f*. Ilqh toyov yap oi ptiiw nobs Tij* negl <pvowg 
$ttoqiav iduv %r\v <ilfj&*u*v> ilia xal nqog vqp pi- 
&oSop tqv mal tyq Af%ibs %W ttfptq?. 4. 'Aqt&pt- 
&a 6i no&tov ix %mv dtwawftipm? tjfuv ir t<*c qnm- 
xolg nootsQov* . 0aftiv drj tip xlnjwr upcu irt*ls- 
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%iw Tfi n^iffMnxnt xa $vv&p*va %ivsU$&m *a& hxistip 
nivqatv. X«* jfttf k ds mv TJjfg-xtf^awfc opwpot^wx? 

>%w Kt#H<S&m ' *a& btafrtqit xivf^iv • olov, etllotov- 
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USTdPlrjtpp. v &e%s 8#.nfaT*QQ* xeevexov «mn nob 
xata&fKtj xdl Mqvatwb* Tiolv xauv* &. Qvxovr *al 
ravza uvayM&ov § y&»4o&fU not* ovx opttt, «? «*&« 
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vqtix&P foaatQV) apayxaiov tiootcogp tyg Xifq&siirnc 
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<potiv6z*i f xt»» otii6&J>)> iTttGiJjowtr* Ov pip Ola 
fiillw ttmqQ'iaiai xovto avfifiaivnp ayuyxoiiow^ ti 
yitf, tivfUp xtvytW iV?wri w» & mvtfttM&y, art pi? 

*(7T«* T* TTpWTOH fcW<fcWV> TO •£* JM*OV/*#*<MT oil 4<* o«- 

j$Q9#f. yr y(fywMUiQv TfjfnQipfas' n y#$ yoif**)' 
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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIII. CAP. I. 175 

*£» T«y ivvLvriwv tfy«* pice. <Paly$rcu ftiv ovy %ctl ^~ 
K& thai tiofwtoTQfmvv* to yoto yvxqov &t^pahn 
mf(x<piv nuts *«* imX&ov, font? xal apot^tdpei 
hemp o imtmifimv, Sjav cntwtotk* ZQijayTai tjJ hu- 
trttipt). 'MX* ovv y* oaa dvtmxa ninth xal nu&xuv 
j} mvuvy ta Be Mi*tt&&ai oi nayjwg Sward iauv, 
iXX ydl *z*rr# *a* nUpud^ovxa dhlqiotg. "Slstf 
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t>zjfa^iy, wshm to pep Hivfjnuov, to Si xwytop. g.^li 
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{pij\ dwdpwa, to /ie* uwua&cu, xi & xtveiv. Ul£ 
lie* pnafidXtei* &a%$g6y avz&v ivdyuq ya$ iv 
fpS? nqogaitoivo ovpfkdHew * ol&tt d py oV dmla- 
aior, vn &iJtX<x<tiQv, pMwpdtiu*, {ij] $1 pig dpepot*- 
$&> Qaxsoov. *E<nat &$# rig- nqotioa pet&poltj %yg 
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176 AK18TOTELIS 

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tW* *«* tUptiwr, efrreo o XQ**°9 ni&og t* xwijoiw?. 
12. "0 3' awof JUt^o? *«» ircot tow tMp&aotop Ami 
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*£«?. ^n» d* Smifor noog to &nu$*r ovMmi iloftr 
few Tal^sdt 9roW # XoV»(. Y\> d' £ff fiooy jfooW 
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PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VIII. CAP.' I. 177 

ttvai diayoQCtv, ot* vvv pallor ij ttqotsqov [tyd* av 
twa %a$w yes* 1 * om Itj- yvdWti #V/oy ' V /"? j*nl<a? 
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17B AIUSTOTELJ5 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIII. CAP. II. 179 

&lxo) elvai dvvator, ttjvtov ccvtov xal kvog xlvr^oiv 9 
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180 AR1STOTKMS 

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PHYSIC. AJJSC. LIB. VIM. CAP. III. 181 

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182 AR1ST0TEL1S 

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t*S. «U« fi^y otft* ra /uv w*t jfrflt/FTtn t^uilv, im 
d" a«* *w$io&af wit 8' ijofjtEtis *«* uowmptfi 
o#at /w^^fiV. Aextiov d ' on ffflutfWTo* , &i^e£ to* 
tcw uqnpbw nqottqov, xal fr* tovtw oow.un' piio 
€7*1 wy aUTflW y*yvo^Vc(f toe? dqijptvets //et^oW 
xai 7roo$ Toi/Totff, oti pisjffta* ft% iptmooif a aji- 
yho($r)Twv* ovt* ykq &v*r t <iu t oil*' ^ /3t«*off Mrt«* 
%lvr\Giq y dpi} xtyqdi[o£Tcit m*ou qtwut to fjpt/wu* 
7t^oTe^ov. riviow qvv uiiwtQti *wt cptfooav otriof a 
ilo/off. Sx&ov di xai to xzj>£<j#ce*, ylptQ&ai n xo* 
(p&tiqeo&ou doxsi noww • Big a ftf» y«£ ^Bio^oUti, 
yiysicu tovio, ij tV Tai'rtp* e*| o£ ft jieMf0(*AAtt, <|>W- 

OCTfU TOVTO, fl «VtfU#fi1'. 5."JiffT« d^Ao*, OTi *» /IM 

xiwrat, xa 5* *Jo*p*i eV/ou. To ft Trdrra aftoi/r, 
bts (isv iiQcpeir, ote di ximtf&v*" to 5 to i$tj oi'^ff* 
TCteW 7T^o? Tovff nakui loyovs- ^QXW $* rtaltv mt^ 
riop. ano *<ap vvv diouia&tvTMV, TJgj* (Xi/njp T/msf if- 
$afte&a nqoxEQOv. Q.' S H yd% Tot n&ptu i?e*fM* f i 
navxa mviixat,' % t« $dv ifetfLti, t« ^ »w5uw f«* 
oVrcor. Xai €* to* ^v i}oe/«* , i« ft *i*>*lT«* t»k o*- 
tow, arayxri ijtoi navm, oti p.iv j^e^hv, ow ge w 
yeia&at' % %a jua' at* -ijoe^Eir, id ft del tuvuo&n, 
avtatp' ra d*, hxk fitv t}gEfAHr f ots ft *ii>E7ff#of** < 

I4€? OtJ? TOtPVP OV% QIQV Tt TT«>>Tff rjQEpUV t tt#qZ(*t ^W 

xai nqoTtQOV tXiupptv fit xu\ rvv* u ya# xcu aif- 
&sicty ovjwg sxu, xti&a7it$ zivig tpavw ttrm to oj 
aneiqov xal axipfiror, all* oh it (p&ivtiui ye Kerrot TXf 
aXodnoiP, aXXa mvisiai ixolka rav on on. EYn$$ ov$ 

• 



PHYSIC. AUSC. X.IB. VIII. CAP. IV. 183 

u a>arxaoia, xav bxi (uv ovxtag doxy thai, bxi d % I- 
tigw fi yag <pavxaela xal r\ do%a xivtjow twig 
doxovoiv f?*at. 'Alia xb fUr n»gl xovxov oxoituv, 
xal Zrfjuv loyov, w (iilxiov 3?o/utr 1} loyov d&o&at, 
xaxwg xgivu* iati to (HXxiov xal to x&W* *«* ^o 
ntaxov xal to /aij 7noioy, xa* dgxh* * a * A*^ ^QXV^» 
'Opolwg di advvatoy xal to navia xivsio&ai • 1} to 
f*«x a«i xivuG&ai y xa tf' at* ygsuuv Txgbg anapxa 
yog xavxa ixavt) fiia nioxig • oowpex /ao *?*«, ot« 
j*ix xwovpsvct, ore fl' ^oe/iot/xTtx. IftgTt qpaxtoox ot* 
advratov bpofag to otoxto; rjgspuv, xal to nana xt- 
vtio&ai ovrtx&g, rq> xa uiy atl xtruo&a*, xa di $- 
gtfiuv asL 7. Aombv ovp &t(agi)xiov, noxigov ixav- 
%a totavxa ola xtvsia&cii xal ygepup, ij txta psr ov- 
tag, mo d' asl tiffin, wux d* atl xivuxai • tovto 
yog duxtiov t\p%v. 

CAPUT IV. 
Ta\p dy xipmnrmv xal xtvovuirwr , xa pax xai« 
GVfAfiffifjnog xw&xal xivtixcti, xa di xa& avxa. Ka- 
xa ovfiPtfirjxbg (Uv, olox oaoJTc xm vnaox"? tdig xt- 
povair r] xmvfUroig * xal xa xotxa potior * xa di 
xa&* avxa, baa at) T«j» vnagxuv *$ xtpovrti ij xivov- 
(lirtpj firjds t« pooiov t* aix&¥ xirur r\ xirtla&ai. 
T»v di xa&* avxa, xa p«x va? avtuv, xa di in oA- 
Xov • xal ta per tpvoti, tit di (Ua xal naga (pvoiv •* 
To,Tt yag avxb va> avtov xirovawor, q>wu xivuxai, 
oXov txaoxov tm gawp * xwiitai yag xb fwox avxb 
vo/ avxov. "Oamv d' y agxh & avtoZf ti}^ xtryottog, 
ravxa yvon <papb> xtrtto&ai. Jib, xb aiv {juov Slop 
tpian avxb kavib xivsi' to ptrxoi oifut ivdixtxat 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



16* ARl&TOTELlft 

nattpv&t nal **$# <p vow **v&<f#*r dtttf^nyuo 
omriav t* nSrTim* *ttovu*>ov tvzn> *** & rtofov Otoi- 
Xdov eweerriHog • nal tttv vit akXov nwovp&top, 
ta fdv <pvou xtv&Toti, ik de naoa yvw it<x$*Qv0* 
pi*, olo* t« yrjoa «Vw, nal to nvo natm. *E1» to, 
%a pootot tip £amv iroHantg nt*&tm net$» yvow t 
7**o£ tag &8<mg nal tovg «fo»*»$ T% *wi}ows. 
% Kal pdUota to ino ttw&g n*y&o&#* to nwot(St*** 
if totg naoa <jpiw tvroiifupoig Ml <pew*por, tote *« 
dyXo* tiym vii olllov xiyo+usrov. B&tajte *a **$* 
yvaiv tmv naxa ?iW i* aitm vf avtfo, ©Id* w 
££«• ov yao to*t Stoflo*, d ino two* Mtftfflu- 
<xlhk iuag da du*X#(kii> avto to n&ovv nal to kww- 
uerov towrs /ao «**8? Ik *«0g *AoJo*$ *«>«£* JH 
qtwrnovvunafieyotg, odtta nal b xo\% t<Aot# 3*4* ty- 
oriftivov to nivovv nal to nwovptvot, nal «•*» t» 
7ray «vto lavio xiwely. jftf&ttrcl 6" ccTroowTa* to 
Xotwoy ti}? dQtiftirfjg xetevraiag otoupfoawf • *«*/«? 
vtf JtJUbov MvM)pivtov y t« jui* »«f« ?««*y ld^»^|»«y 
xtrpuo&ai, t* H Xtimxat &yn&&you, ore qpvtf&t* Tfcv- 
t« 5* lorl?, £ Tijy anoQtav naqaozoh av uno wo? 
xtrnwi, oIo* w kov<jp« xa* t« /feofi'i* * tovt«i yao tig 
uh tovg ivwupsrovq imams filq mtv&tat' w&i 
tovg omtievq, to pb xoiryop £***, to di /faov **** 
<jwa«„ 3. To 8* vivo twos, o*» frt f>«**o©V ; J$- 
*mo ore** utywvTOM itaqa yvw* • to,t» yif atrr* «v 
ai>T»v <jp«ya* a^waxor* (aiTtxoV Ts y«^ tovto jw» 
T«y ipytvxanr }'&***' x«» wrtaya* ftr tfiWro at*ra* 
A«y<» 5', oJor«* rot) (htdl&w mXtww «vt», «a) tow ^ 
ftadi&iv. v Slg* intl in «vtu to afw» ^e^so^eri r« 

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PHYSIC. >USC. LIB. Vlli. CAP. IV. 185 

nvg}, dqi&r St* tit avrm xal ti %atto. Ziloyov 9i xal 
to fuav xhnjoiv xtvuo&at, povov vaf ainwr, t¥y* «v- 
t« l&vtm xivototv. 4* "En, *&g Mix*™ (^cjlffe Tt 
jm*» 0VfHpvig aitb kavtb xtv&v ; y yitg tv xal owtxk 
pi] btyji, torvty ana&ig' etlti y xcfoipHmu, tccvtij 
to piv nifpvnt fto*fi* , to Si itdaxiar. Ovt aga tov- 
tw ovdir aitb kavtb xtvil • ovpyvr) ydg • ovt aXXo 
auwtxit ovdiv. Al£ dvdyxr\ ditigjjo&ai to xivovr iv 
kxdovtf ngbg to- ntrovpsvov' olov inl t&v aqrvx ** 
bgmjitv, otav x$vjf tt t&v £pifn>xmv avtd. 5. 'AkXit 
avpfUdvu wal tavta vni ttrog del xtvtla&ai • yivoito 
S 3 av amvtgbv Siatg^mtt tag aitlag. "Matt Si xal btl 
tmv xwo&tmv Xafitiv tit tigripiva • ret pb yitg naga 
amnv avtmv xwt\ttxd tot$v, olov b poxXbg, ov <pvon 
tint fidgovg xivijtmig • tit Si yvatt, olov to ivegyeia 
&$gpbv xtviftwbv tov Swapu &tgpov. 'Opot&e Si 
xal inl t&v aXX(ov tv>v towittar, Kal xivrftbv 8' wg- 
oivtmg <pvou, tb Swdpu notbv, ij noabv, % nov, otav 
t/tf tip otfxip \ytl^] toiavtijv iv lavty, xal pq xata 
avpfitfaxog* itrj yitg av to aitb xa) rtoobv, xoi 
Ttotbv, dlX« &arig*) &dttgov ovpjSe^xe, xal ov xa& 
aitb VTtdgx**. To dy nvg xal f) yrj xivovvtai into 
ttrof f fila piv 9 otav naga qruotv yvou Si, otav tig 
ticf iavtmv ivtgytlag Swdpu orta. 6. *JBittl 9i tb 
dwipti nUovaxvtg Xiyetat, tovt aXttov tov firj q?a~ 
vzgbv Avon, $itb tivog tit toiavta xtvtXtai* olov tb 
nhg arm , nal fj yrj ndtto. v Eoti Si dvrdpn aXXcag b 
Hav&dviov imottJiMv, xal b l^wy ijSii, xal pf) &ta>- 
giv ail S', otav apa tb nottfttxbv xal tb ita&trt*- 
xbv ioi, ylvttai [ivlots] ivtgyda tb Svvatbv, olov tb 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



iW AK1STOTELIS 

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uav&ivov ix dvvdfiu avrog, txeoov yivttm dwdfiet. 
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imoTQpw nag, oJU' ovx ag *«* nqlv ftn&uv. v Orav 
d' ovjws szy, iotv fir) t« Xtolvy, Ivtqyu, xal -frtOiQH, 
% tola* h> jy avtupdou xal ayvoia. € Ofioktg di tovt 
%X H *«* M Tav (pvoixwv* to yitq yu/oeV, dvvapet 
dtopov. "Oiav di fUTapakly, ydy hvq, xaLu di, if 
fit} t* xwXvp xal ipnoditjj. 'Opoiag d* tfau xal ntol 
to (laQV xal xov<pov • to yd$ xoiapov yivziat ix fia- 
oiog, olov il vdaTog ayy • tovto yaq dvvd/iei now- 
tov, xal ydy xotxpov, xal iveqyqott y% iv&i/g, iav /iij 
Tt xb)lvoy. 3 £rsQysia di tov xovtfov, to tiov Arm, 
xal ava. KwXvtjcu d\ biar iv t$ bavrMftTOTta rj. 
Kal tov& bpoiag txe+xal iirl tov noaov, xal inlxov 
noiov. Kcthot tovto fytujat, diM ti wot* xivuiai 
tig tov avTov totiov t« xovq>a xal t« paqia* Jfrtof 
d\ oti niyvxinoi* xal tovto ion t$ xavqfy xal 
ftaqu tlvai, to piv t<£ ava, to di t$ xdxa dtngtofu- 
vov. Avyagui d* iatl xovyav xal fiaqv woiXcr/w?, 
uignto ci'oijTa** oTav yaq % vdao, dvvd/ui yiftt*; 
iarl xovfpov xal or ay ar$, tarty *w dwdftBi* b$t- 
t«T«* y»Q dfMod&optvov fir) avvt elvai, all* day aqtw- 
Qe&ji to ipnodi£ov, tysoyii, xal ad avajefw yiyyrta^ 
'Opoiag di xal to noiby tig to ivtoyeia elvat fuxa- 
Pallet • ev&vg yaq &eagu to inuiT^fioy, day fiif i* 
xwlvy, xal to noobv ixTtivezai, iay fiq Tt xwlvy. *0 
di to vattOTcifityoy xal xmXvov xivyoag, tart piy »; 
xivu, Hon d* tog ov' olov, b tov xiova VTioonaoag, $ 
o tov U&ov dtptXwy anb rot) daxov iv vdwn * xari 
av(ifi$fifixbg ydq xwu, agnso xal q avaxlao&ua* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. Mil. CAP. V. 187 

oqxuQet ovx vno tov tolxov 4xtytj&t} 9 all* vno tov 
fiaXovtog. "Ot* fifo ovv ovdiv tovtwv uvto xiyel kav- 
tb, b*r\Xoy. 'Alia xivijosotg (XQXV* *X n > ov tov xivuv, 
oi/di tov noiuv, dXXit tov ndaxuv. 7. Eldy ndvia 
%a nivovfuva i] <pvoti xwuTa*, r\ naoa (pvoiy, xal 
ftitf • xal tcc ts (Ma, xal ra naoa q>vow ndyta vno 
twos xal vn aXXov * tttv 6i tpvoti naliy td it vcp 
avra>y niyovpira, vni Twog xvyiitai, xal xa /uij vq>' 
avx&y, oloy ra xovq>a xal td fiaQia • (ij ydo vno 
tov yiyyqoayTOQ xal noiJ}aariog xovyoy, i} flaov, i) 
vno tov tit ifinolUi/orta xal xwlvoyta lioaytog 9 ) 
anavxu ay to, xiyovptva vno wog xivolto. 

caput y. j 

Tovto di foxw' % /do ov 6i avto to xwovy, 
ilia bi foeoov, o xiy& to xwovv •' f) di avto • xal 
tovto, q nomtoy /u«t« to Xoxoviov, ij b*ta tiXsiovmv • 
oloy, ff paxTqQla xivH Toy li&ov, xal xty&tai vno 
t jjj$ jfttoo? xwovfiivrjg vno tov av&ownov • ovtog $* , 
ovx St* Toi in allov xty&o&ai. *jifiq>ta di} xivuv (pa- 
per xal to TsXsvtaiov xal to noioxov twv xiyovyrtav, 
alia palloy to nowtoy * ixiiyo ydo xwu to telw- 
taiov, all* ov tovto to nqStxov • xal aytv pkv tov 
nomxov to ttXtvtaioy ov xiyipu, ixsivo d' aysv tov- 
tov • oloy, t) fiaxrffoia ov xivi\au, \inr\ xwovrtog tov 
ar&otonov. 2. Ml drj ayayxy nay to xwoiptyoy 
vno Tiyog avto xtyuo&ai, xal ij vno tov xivovp&yov 
vn allov, f\ py • xal si fdv vn allov xivovfUyov, 
&ydy*q t% Avah xiyovy, o ovx VJ * dllov, nomtov. El 
di toiovtoy to no&toy, ovx ayayxt) &dtsooy • adv- 
ratoy yao tig Sneiooy l*rai to xtyovy xal to mvov 

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tipog xtvmraty to & tiq&tov xtvovr, xtp&tcu \ii* r ovx 
vn aXXov $$, avayxt] »vio Iwjp' aviov xtvua&ati. 
3* "£ti. di xml tpfo tby avtbv tbvtop %oyop /orir inil- 
$ur, "Anmv yaq to ntpovp il t* »m?, xc£ xwi. *N /oo 
rtUToJ *it*2 to xfrow, ij crittw* oloy, Sr&oanog ttvxai 
t) %ff fimtv^oht" *f*l b axcpo? x*ti(takXtv, tj etvtbg, fj 
o Ai£o$ ox twoev. 'j&vHxror di xivuv ctvtv rov orvro 
avi<» gjrowTo?, to to xtpil, aX$ tl pip amb ttvxy 
xix«2, o*» omiytrrj ithko cbcu to xtrti. 3 £ccy 6e p ert- 
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00V ti t# xwow. "Ox<xr dtf tipi xirjj <xtl trvQOY, aw*- 
yx*\ $hm ngonqop to «vto «vt(5 nipevp. JE# ovx x*- 

?f*Ti* jUfr TOVTO, pi) «AA?0 0* TO XWOW aVTO, ttKO^XIJ 

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tog mvntat t r\ co^trac nozs tig Ti toiovtov. 4. /7oo( 
^i TO«f nqrffiirmq xttt <JoV (ixoTroutrt, twra avfi^i' 
os««» t«vt«* e» y«o« vitb xivovpivov xxv&rai to xi- 
voifitwey imp, ijioi tovt& vnaqx** T0 ^ Ttqdyfiaat x«- 
Ta &vftjk(tipe6g • »ste xtm /*€? xirotrpww, ov pirtot 
diet tb xw&odui othtb [«^ ^ov, aWi xor^ avio. 
ITqmtpp pb ovv tl xarct otm/ftjffijxos, oux apAyxf\ *i- 
vBtad'en to xwovptpov. E& &e tooto, oS^tov iff hdizt- 
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Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LUK. Vlil. CAP. V. 1*9 

^xo&or to .ovfifitfir)x<>$ + vdk' ir&t%<fttpm' pf >c&o*. 
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* «*, adrwctTor * t&faiiflff «* /«f miris) vparepor, St* 
ttwtyxfl rnvquty i»l tJruu 5. JCcri mMoyw? to&to 
wtpp*P*}XB • tpV« /«f «rar««; cfattt, no,Tt «?*0iJ|U*?o»' , 

XCU TO ttifOl/r, KOA TO I*) *lVti. TO jWT OW MW&UjJbt- 

v&v, 0W/K19 p%v xtvsla&ui, xwsir (HmmmwtffUi • to 
d* €p tuvei, -xal*t*uv, KalxtvtMhu- mffi/dtvccfinl- 
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ov. Jr}l«v d& btl rwv *a*« vonov tunawttm' «mr<- 
ad-ai y»f crAArigJUor jampt^ otiif*, fi^ff * wroV * *• $i 
x»rot/r ootid? iS^t* tirta pajf •» vtrfl?, 4tM*r#«or. *£jkI 
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*<** 'An*S*ro 9 ws ii&msUyu, ^ wow **•*? <>*»- 
«nw ->x«* mpiyij ihtxu 'jSmUkfattQ *mw?0€Oj? a^r^r 
TtotH mitiv aJrcw *ura> ^oto p*rt*£ fir *waiy imhvq- 
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Ak£ Apayxq otr}vw ntntQitafiivtu yao ul iuvt 4 atie. 
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jiiyto d , (Hor *c xivjjto* 1 fth vti akkuv Ttav To xivit 
tmop, alt of javtqv Tf)*' xfofitfiv xivijJor f tjv *tr*t 
to nlt)eiov, all kiigttv \ olov, jo vyivvtiatop juw#q- 
Toy, aiUa loifc e lav&fialrar i,£u ror« ei$ to a uf 6 
Eidog, bi$ntf> ttnopiv Tiootfoov to ph ow murar, 
(idvvfiaoy • to o^e 5tAotofiaTai^ * ttTonav yug to iwk 
AotfoTueoy «t)^TO» H t| Hi'cf^Hi)^ Eiyctt, 7. Q%tx ^ 
avayxt) act xij't(rji9»i. to yf »w/i«vo» r tV r*iAou ( *«1 
toistov Ji^ovusyav ' OTJjtf«at aoa- *^^Ti i^io* Ki 
t)otfiovvtog ntvri&JiatTttt to xivovfttvov TTttwior* f 
«vto iai/To xtpqatt. Irflia uij^ xat f?^* diot — 

Digitized by G00gk 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. Vill. CAP. V. 1§1 

aoxsoov alxiox xwrpewg xal aojcn to avxb avxb xivovv, 
y xb vn aXXov nwovptvov, ixuvo nag ax -frtirj • to yaq 
mv%b xa& avxb ov atxiov , del nqbxtoov tov *a& 
txtqov xal avxov ovxog. 8. "Jlgxs tovto oxmxiov 
Xafiovoiv d'XXijv dqxv^t & xi xivu avxb avxb, nwg 
xivu, xal xlva xqonov. 'AvayxaZor dif to xtvovpsvov 
anav slvai diaiosxbv tig del dicuqsxd • tovto yao di- 
fiuxxai nooxsoov h xotg xa&oXov ntqt cpvottog, or* 
nav to xa& avxb xivovptvov, ovrsx*?' 'Advvaxov b*i) 
.to avxb avxb xtvovv, navxrj xtvuv avxb kavxo 9 <jp«- 
£0*to yaq av oXov xal qpc'oo* xrjv avTi^.opooa*, $v ov 
xal axopov tw eidei, xal dXXoiolxo xal dXXotol. "jlg- 
T6 diddaxoi av xal diddaxotxo Spa, xal vytdSoi xal 
iyuxtoixo irjy avxyv vylttav. *'Exi du&Qtoxai on xivu- 
xai to xtvyxov • tovto di ion dwdpn xtvovptvov, 
ov* ivrtltx^ ' ™ M dvyduHy ug ivxtXixeHW /tooV- 
£**. "Eoxi di i) xhrqgtg ivxtXixsta xivyxov dxsXyg. 
To d&xivovv jjdrj ivsqytia iaxlv olov, -deopaivei to 
fagpov, xal oXwg ytvva to exov t ® ^09. "flgx? apa 
to «vto xa* xara to avro &tqpov suxat xal ov #«o- 
ju oV* 'Opoiwg ds xal x&v eiXXow txaoxov, oootv to jw- 
yovV avdyxij Xx*** T <> owotvvpov. To pit aqa xivfi, 
to 6*i xivelxat, tov avTo avto xtvovvxog. 9. "On #' 
04/x lent to avTcr avtb xtvovv ovtws, &g%* kxdxsqov 
v<p kxatioov xivuo&ati, ix x&vfo <pavtf6v. Ovxs yaq 
eiTiat, nqixov xtvovv ovdkv, si' yt kxdxtqov xwxxiu 
kxaxsqov to yaq nqoreqov, aixivntqov tov xw%tr- 
e&ai vov ixopixov, xal xivyou palXov * dtx&g y<*{> 
xivilx yv, to fisy to wn aXXov xivovpttvov «vto, to 
4° aifty * iyyvxiqoy 6c, xb no$$meQOi> tov xwovfU- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



an AKISTOTELIS 

*+V *ic*&W» V *• p-eiati- An ovx uvuyxt] xo $u- 
vovv **&*&*»* u pi) vq> avrov* writ avp^ifi^xin 
i$a iummvu Saxt^ev. "Mkufiov i&ivw fr&txw&w 
pit ummv trncu agm xi pir xivovutray, to fit xwovr 
cWrqiw. Bu oux inriyun to xwovv to tuo -«7ii &«i, 
ill* 1} axivtjxov yi xmruv uvapcq, Jj hi/iq voi* «J- 
to v awyoi^tfyoy, £?**{> «?«/* utl xhtjtfiy zliat. *>;rt, 
fp XWU nivqm*, X4& «J*0?t' fii - wJTi tu ftiwutlyor 
<&tff»air€T*l. 10. 14UU ji»;> oi'tfi toi* ttooItwc aw to 
4t&To xtpovriog, «vu ?? pootoi , oiiir ttjlfim xwifatj 
tfuio «£io hmarop* to ^a^ o.ioy e* xtviixmt avth 
Vf)' aVTOt;, fjflJO* i**0 *•>>- aviov Ttyo$ xtyr)&y*itxai. 
*j olw WW ,Slov. El pkr oii, tw xtrit.v&ai t* pi- 
^iok avro v^p* m$t*ov, tjbvt #o- *i"ij to nature? avro 
«vtw m^wv #»$wdiv yiq * touto jiey xu'jjati «{»« 
-*vto, so £e ata? ovic Ire. itf <J« n >.»/»■■ £ ^ J oiov xipk- 
tju, ««ta +upftifltiKQS etr xavxa xiwoi nvra lot no. 
*'ih;x tl pf) avaymaTa, eU*Jd?#ctf pij xtrovfttra i*j- «r- 
iEMT. TiJ£ OJUy? «oa xq p±y xwijau, tmh^toy oy 10 
&«tri^30/£tw p6y*c yi*j ov*wc a'tav ri xt avxo- 
xiyqx 00 dbai. *£u,*pmtQii ol 13 Kinj Dtir*?* wm t to 
p«y jw^ott tftfrJjs, tw & xtitidtitjiiat. C II afoot ff ^ 
5y *v.wj$ xe «*yq#<far««4» *ai ino t^- «. 11. *jgTrti~ 
•At} £s mw^ /it* utnovptpor vn al&ev, la Si iJxiVij- 

<WW Of* XO* ***ttA*4, «0^t€V K^Oir*', TO Si OV&ir Jti- 

rftvy, to trow 3«vio *ayo^ ni-a/Mi} f| axt^tou f?>«J 
4UMO«reo^ 5i, »fi» it* Ixuwovpivov, pq xtvovvtog £ 
4Smmf*fi$, mX£ *uqx*$ j!tux*>" mimyxQ tp wutr 
V0VM pip, wdvytw di, xobi $ Mirovpwow xt ino toi' 
-*, mm xiM&ir x* 4? $ y. v'oi'ro ^ itirov/dmr **w 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB* V1H. CAP.V. 193 

vnb tov /}, fiii xivovv 6s firfiiv • tXntQ yag xal did 
nkuvmv rfen notk tig to y, iiotw oV evbg povov. To 
$7} anav a (I y, avtb kavtb xivu • £XX* iav a<piX<a to 
y, to fiiv a ft xivrjoBi avtb havto • (to (riv yag a xi- 
vovv, to di (I xivavpsvov,) to ds y ov xiv>\ou avtb 
kavtb, ovd' oXwg xivydriostai. IdXXa pt)v ovd* r) ft 
y xivr\on avttj kavt^v avev tov « • to yag /? xivt % t$ 
xivuo&ai in aXXov, ov tg> i<p avtov tivbg pigovg. 
To aga a p ftovov avtb kavtb xivii. j&vayxij aga to 
avrb kavtb xivovv sxuv *«* to xivovv , axlvrpov di, 
xal to xivovpisvov , fi7\div ds xwovv i\ avayxyg • a- 
ntopevapk ijtoi a pep to aXXrjXtav, % &atigov &dttgov % 
tl piv ovv ovvtyis ioti to xivovv • (to yag xivovpe- 
vov ovvtxig avayxaXov tlvai # ) diqXov on to nav avtb 
kavtb %ivUy ov tw avtov slvai xi toiovtov, olov av- 
to kavtb xiviiv, aX£ oXov xivii avtb kavtb, xivovpt- 
vbv ts xal xivovv, t<£ avtov ti slvai to xivovv xal to 
xivovptvov ' ov yag oXov xivu, ovd* 3 oXov xivtitai, 
aXXa xivsi ptv to a, xivutai de to ft, pbvov * to ds y 
vnb tov a ovx In* advvatov yag. YX.*Anogiav 
di tx s h &w aqtiXji tig i} tr}g a, (** ovvsx*S to xivovv 
piv, axivrjtov 0« •) r\ jr\g ft tr\g xivovptvr f g * rj Xomq 
aga xivrjoti tr^g a, rj y ti\g ($ xivvi^rioitai* ti yag 
tovto, ovx av sty ngdtwg xwovpivri i<p avtqg q a 
fi' £q>aigt&$iotig yag anb t^g a ?> * T * xiviou kav- 
tijv ij lomi] a P' ij dvvapnfiiv ixittgov, ovdiv xw- 
Xv€i, t) &attgov to xivovfievov diaionbv slvai, ivxi- 
Xtx*ia $* adiaigttov ' iav dk tiiaigt&jj, [ir}xiti sivai 
tip aityv %xov dvvapiv; Sgtt oidh xwlvti iv dim- 
gttoTg dwdfiei ngwitog ivilvai. <Pav*gbv tolvvv in 
Arist. Phys. Ausc. N 

Digitized by VjOOQLC 




194 AR1STOTELIS 

xovuvy, on iotl xb nquHtoq xtrovv axlt^jov* dii 
yao sv&vgXoxoyiai xb xwovpfrov, vtio xtyog di xwov- 
ptvov y $ig axivr\xov xb namioy * tlxt u$ xit'ovpno* 
per, avxb d* iavxb xivovy xal htritr, upqiaxiqag avp- 
(ktfou to TiQtoTfaq xtyovr, Sv ii*n*atr ttrai Tmg xivov 
uivoig axivqxov. 

CAPUT VI. 
3 End 6s del xivx\Gw atl that xal ju^ $taXiijtnr t 
avdyxrj thai ti aiviof, o ngmop xtr ti, eTtt tv, tin 
nltioiy xal to nomxov xivovy axlv^tov* 2 . 'ifttttrror 
uh ovp aidiov elvctt, xmv axtw^xtoy ph, p*i ntvovvrm* 
tie, ovdeyngbg top vvv Xiyov* "Ou &* arayx&ioy, fi- 
ve/ tt to aid axirrfzov piv avtb ita&itf xi}g intug pi- 
xaftoXitf, xal anXtag, xat xaiit avpptfiqxbs, xiv^ttxbv 
6* krioov, dijXov tads^oxo'iolvty/£otoi 3t, si xtgflov- 
Xsxai, kill tivxav iyb*€%opfVQv f tag it thai nrnt xal pq 
thai avtv ytrioemg xal (pdaqag * tax** ¥&$ avayxainr r 
el'*** apeoeg bts piv iaxtv, wxi Si p{] fattr, &yt\i tov 
pitafiiXXttv, bxk pfr tlvat, hxk de pij fir at nay to 
xoiovtov, xal twv aQX&v ton- axwrjTbiv pir t xwTjxixis* 
b*&, Mag, bxk piv etvat, qt& Si pi} drat, a J£rd*zi<td r * 
xal xovxo, aiA' ovti naaag y$ Hvvaxbv* drjlov /if 
ig ait 16 v xt tolg avxa lavia xwovaiv iaxi xov <»»■ 
ph sir at, ox* di py that' xb piv yaq avxb kavxb *i- 
vovv anav %X* IV way**} piyt&og t tt pydh xtruiw 
aptoig • to 6i xwovv avfizpta uvayxr} ix ray tlfjiipi- 
vw. Tov fit}, ta piv yfow&at, xa &i tp&tijitv&a 
xaixotrt elva* ovps^mg oitibr atxtor, tbc <txtr*)tv* 
uiv, pf} asl d* ovxttv <>\>d' au iwv ail piv Tdcfl 
XiyovytMV , xovxav 3* txtoa • tov yaq an &*- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIII. CAP. VI. 105 

tog xal avvtxovg, ovts exactor avtmv atriov, ovte 
nana • to piv yag ovtmg %x*t>r, Atdiov xal i$ kva- 
yxr^g • to ds navia anuga, xal oix Spa navta Syror* 
JtjXov toivvy, on, u xal pvgiaxtg eviai agxal tiav 
axivi\tiav pb, xivovo&v 64 • xal noXXu tar avta kav- 
ta xwovvtwv q>&tlg$tai, rot d' imylvBtai' xaltodt 
uh qxhr\Tov ov, tod* xivti • foegov b*i, todl • aX£ 
ovdh f\tt6v iati th o nsgiixst, xal tovto nag fxa- 
otov ov, o iottv aXtiov tov ta pb ilvai, ta Si prj, xal 
tyg avvtxovg pttafioXrig. Kal tovto piv tovtoig, 
ravra ds xoig aXXoig atria xivrj<rt&g. 4. Iftnsg ovv 
atdiog ri xlvyotg, a'ttiov xal to xivovv tatat ngmrov, 
ei «v • ti 9e nltim, nXsfa ta ai'dux. "Ev di paXXov, ij 
noXXit, xal nencgaopsva, rj amiga del vopi&iv. Twv 
ait Ay yag ovpfiatvovtw , asl ta ntntgaopiva paX- 
Xoy Xfjjttiov 4v yag tdtg opvau , dii to ntnsgaopi- 
vov xal to (HXtiov, lav ivoHx^tai, vnagxw paXXov. 
*Ixavbv di, xal » %v, o ngSitov ttiv axtrqtmv ai'dtov 
ov, Motat roig aXXoig agxh xtvqosag. 5. ftavsgbv 
di xal ix rovtie, on avayxi\ tlval ti tv xal a'idiov to 
ngwtov xirovv " dedtixrai yag, ott avayxti, atl xi- 
vtjoiv slvtti ' si Si al$l, dvayxrj xal ovviXV *T*«* * * a * 
yag to aUl ov, ovpsxig' to 6* iipt^g, ov owejffr. 
'uiXXa pip «* y% ovvexWf pi** j»f« &\ [**] wp bog T * 
\tov] xivovvtog, xal hog tov xivovpbov • d yag ti 
aXXo xal aXXo xwrjoti, ov ovvsxrjg r\ oXr\ xivrioig, aXX' 
£<p*$ijg. 6* *Ex t« dr) xovkov motevatuv Sv ti$ elrat 
Ti ngSttov axivrpov, xal naXiv iniflXityag inl tag otg- 
X<xg tmv xivovrrwv. To ph ti] tf? or* «tt« tmv ov- 
twf, a otc piv xivtlrat, otl d' ygepel, <f>avego¥. Kal 

^ ^itized by GoOgle 



196 AR1ST0TELIS 

diet tovtov yiyovs dqXov, ox* ovxt nana xiv&xat, oi- 
ls ndvxa yptfAU, ovxt xa pw ail tjospu, xit d* art 
xiyuxai • xa yag inafupoxtgifrna, xal dvyaptv tx*> v ~ 
xa xov oxi uiv xw£Ut&ai, t oxi ds ygeftuy, dtixyvot 
ntgl aix&v. 3 £n$l ds xa fibr xotavxa, dqka naai* 
(tovXoutda de dtl$ai xal xo%y dvdlv ixaxigay xyy <pv- 
otv, oxt iuxl xa piv atl axlvyxa, xa #' «c* xivoifuya 
Hgo'iohBg 6' inl xovxo, xal &sn*g anay xb xtrov- 
}itvov vno xiyog xirnv&ai, xal xovxo elvai % axivn- 
xov r) xwoifiwovy xal xivortfisvop rj vq> avxov if m 
aXXov aiil, TtgoyX&ousv fril xo Xa fitly, oxi xmv xwov- 
/isVwy ioxlv dgxy> xwovpivw piy o avxb kavxb xivei, 
navxoay 6s xo axirtjxoy* 'Ogwusy di xal (paysgtog oV- 
t« xoiavxa, a xtvu aixa lavxa • oloy to Taiy luyv- 
#<w xa* to xwv fwwy yivog. Tavxa dy xal do$a* 
na&tix* t ay nox ivbixtxai xlyi\oiy iyylyso&ai uy ov- 
oay b'Xotg, did xb iy xovxoig bgav tipag xovxo avfi- 
fiaXvoy • axiyyxa yog nox* oyxa, xtruxm naXw, &$ 
doxu. 7.. Tovxo dri dt% Xapuv, ou piap xivqoty av- 
xa xwu, xal oxt xavxtp oi xvgi&g • ov yog £ avtov 
xo aXxtov, aXX 7 tvtww aXXou xiyqong awnuw xoXg &*- 
oig, ag oi xwovvxa* tit iavx&y, oloP, avtyoig, <p&i- 
oig, avanvoriy ag xivtirat xwv^&toy txavxov tjosftovv, 
xal oi xwovjt&ov xqv vq> havxov xiyyotv. Tovxo* If 
aXxvov xo ntoUxov xal nolXa xmv uoionmv, olov frimr 
Tgwpv nttxouirrig yaq xa&tvdovoh diaxowousvriS 
di, iytieovxai xal xtvovotr kavxovg, xt^g novtx^g «f- 
XVG SSwdcr ovoyg. Aih oix atl nwovyxai ovy*x#S 
vy avx&v * aXXo yag xo xwovy, aixi xivovptyoy xai 
fitxapdXXov, ngog txaaxov x£y xtyovrr&y iotvxa. *JB$ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VIII. CAP. VI. 197 

TtOLQl 6i XOVXObg XIVUXOU TO XIV0VV 7TQ€»TW$ t xal xb af- 

xiov xov avxb kavxb xiveiv v<p avxov, xaxd ovfjtfie- 
fit}xbg psVrot * {iixafidXXei yag xov xonov xb o&fia * 
wgie xal xb iv tw ooipetTi ov, xal to [iv] xy poxXeia 
xivovv kotvxo. 8. 3 E£ t»v ion morsvactiy oxi, el' xt 
iaxl Tfov dxivr\x<av ftiv, xwovvxwv de, xal avttav xt- 
vovpitmv xaxa ovpftefirixbg, ddvvaxov ovvexrj ^vrjaiv 
xiveiv. "jlgx etneg avdyxrj ovvexig that xlvyoiv, it- 
vai n del xb nowxov xivovv axlvyxov, xal (txi xata 
avfifiefiffxbg, ei piXXet, xa&cmto eVnoguv, eaeo&ai iv 
xotg ovotv anavaxog xig xal &&dvaxog xivijotg, xal 
fiivtiv to ov avxb iv avxm, xal iv tq> avrn • Tijj$ ydq 
KQXW fASvovoyg, avayxti xal xb nav fiivtw, ovvexeg 
ov nqbg xyv *QXV V * ovx Iot* ds xavxb xb xwua&ai 
xaxa ovp/?«/?i}xof vqp' avxov xal vq> frtoov * to fiiv ydq 
vat ixiqov vnaqx** x«* TiSoy iv T<p oioavo) ivlaig <xq- 
Xtug, oaa nXtiovg <piqexai <poodg • &dxeqov de xoig 
(f&aqxolg pbvov. 9. *JXXd fttjv, eV yd ioxi xb del xot- 
ovxov, xb xivovv fitvxoi, dxivtjxov 6i, xal avxo «*- 
dtav, dvdyxr\ xal xb nqwxov vnb xovxov xtvov/ievov 
ditiiov thai. "jBoxi tie xovxo dyXov fiiv xal ix xov ^rj 
av aXXag thai yiveotv xal qy&oqctv xal fiexafio^v 
xolg aXXoig, ti ptj xi xivyoei tuvovpevov xb fUv ydq 
dxivijxov xrjv aixyv del xivr\oUy xbv avxbv xqonov, 
xal fiiav xh-qotv, axe ovdiv avxb fitxafldXXov nqbg To 
xivovpsvov xb de xivovpevov vnb xov axivr^xov y 
xivovfidvov ydy, did xb clXXcag xal aXXmg %X*w nqbg 
T« nodyftaxa, ov xtfg avirjg Sorer t xirrjomg atxiov, 
aXXa b\a xb iv ivavxioig thai xdnoig ij eXdtoiv ivav- 
rlwg 7iaqe$ttat xivoifievov exaaxov rwv aXXtav, xal 



ti>8 ARISTO 1 EL1S 

hxk fiiv TjQtfiovr, oxi tie xtvovpfror. tfcavtyav Xtj 
yiyortr ix xwr u^fiivnv, xal o x«t vy/tug ^ttoqov- 
fjttv, xl di noxe ov nana 5 xivtlicu, ^iJoFpel* % ta 
fib xiriixai ail, xa 6' otll tJQtfjfl* all* trta hit p«\ 
or* 6*' ov' xovxov yag to al'jiov dyXAv taxi vvr, on, 
xa pir ino axirt\xov xwuxiu ai&iov * ftio ««* jiirra- 
($uXXw xa £' two Xirovfthov xal fitta^alXoyto^' 
digit xal avxa arayxator pmt.3au.tiv. To d \ axi- 
rqxor, mqniQ tiorjiai * axt u.-rAuc xa* u^auTO); xtt* 
iV tai auTfti dtVftiror, filar xal uTiXify xtvyati xiV^cfir* 
CAPUT VHi 
Ov ^ur^y oUAcrxa* aXXr\v zrotJjcfctvei'iUs 1 dgx% v fiuk- 
Xor Iotcu two* tovtcw yuryt^ov ■ ox* inreoy p«£» mi- 
tcoov irdixtxai xira xivqoiv tlvtti ow?x*h *} ov - nal 
il irdixsxm , t/$ cti/r^, xat Tiff ifoinj raV xivjjotw*- 
d^Ao? p^a^ ok, cikeo dyayxahr ph dtl ufoqaw e7vm, 
ngfaxrj di yds xal OvrtXWr oxi TQltfpWTOy xivuvy xtytl 
tavitjv xt^r xivrjaiv, r^r arayxmov jutay xulttpr &&t%* 
tjrai xal awtxv> * tt * npittiv* 2- Torn? fih avow* 
xivijOBbtv, xr)g xt xaxa (Uye&og, xal tj^ *«t« rtrr^o^, 
xat tij? x«r« Tono?, jjp> xaXoi '<n ) qpootf?, iwi'r^ u- 
rayxaior eirai Tipaxtjv • a<5t j a t or j^ctp ai?£ijff*y tipai, 
aXXotdatfag fjirj noovnaQX ^' 1 **-' Ti > /"«£ avSayo^e- 
yoy, car* j*«V ai? bfioitp avSamat, ioti $ y 6^ aro- 
uolw • to yaq irarxior, xqotf ■■*} li^t Tat t&i irttvxiig * 
noogylvetai dinar ytroptrov ouotvr apottp' avdyxn 
ovr aXXoiutair tlrai tyr tig xavityTia ^umftvXtiV* *Al- 
Xa piir sV yt aXXoiovxai, fayou tlvai to akXot&vr Mai 
to noiovv ix tov dvrafin <frt >ti<tv xq irtQ/tin &eafiov* 
dyXor ovr ioxtr, ot* to mroli- ovx opoiiag *x n > ^^ 

Digitized by LiOOQ IC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. Vlll. CAP. VII. m 

ore fib iyyvxtqov, bxi di noqfy&xtqov xov aXXoiov- 
fupov ioxL Tuvtu 6' avsv yoqag oix ivdix$r<u 
vniqxw* . •£* *Q<* avdyxy ahl xivyoiv elvcu, arayxri 
xal qpoqav tlvcu aUl nqtixti* x&v xivrjotajv, xal yo- 
qag, si %<jtiv, y p$y nqtax^, i\ d* voxiqa, %r\v nomxyv. 
Juxi Si navxw xwv na&miaitov &Qxh> nvxvwsiq xal 
parwotg* xal yaq ftaqv xal xovtpov , xal paXaxov 
xal oxlrjQoy, xal &tqpbv xal yvxqov, nvxyojyjtg do- 
xovoi xal aqaioxuxtg sivai xirtg. Uvxvwng di xal 
pdvwoig, avyxqwig xal dtaxqung, xa&* ag xal yixtoig 
xal tp&oqit Xeyrtcu xw oiowv. Svyxqwoptva di xal 
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PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VIII. CAP. VIII. 207 

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ovfo tyttqz. £l Si a to/mm x^°h tyeittf- 4mytqoy 
$y, on u to %A a oXy xt**V fytyyno, eim thu nUi- 
••^ Xfwos l* V yiyove xal iyiyvtxo , ij to <$> iylyyzo. 
pcyoy narti. 7. Olg (Uy ovy ay Tig ig oixtiotg Ao- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



208 AR1STGTELI8 

yotq mattigtuv, ovtoi huI rotovrot Tivtf ttaf luyt* 
*w$ $i imoxonovut, %itit {* Twytfs BoSni t^ tuvto 
jov to aVfifSaivtiv ' ujiolv pao to xivoi\ti§vow ovvtxac, 
*«i' V7io pijjfcyo? rxxifoutiTttt, tU ait&Q i\i&t xrtJtt tijk 

■j-itm'f r, nq TOVTQ Hut Hf COETO 7IOOTIQOV * OtOV, E* t'U 

to /3 i)l&f, xal iifEQtTQ iiri to ft, nul ov% OTt nitjtflo* 
$¥, ul£ tv&vq wg rjolaiQ xivtlod-vit* ti yrto pukXkov 
vvr t ?i naattaov; opalm? 8i nut fal tmv uklw. Td 
ft' auo tov a inl to y (ptgotiBvov, nuliv 7J£f* inl to a 
avyrx^g ntvovfityov* *Ott aoa aito tov a i<p£$tTO *i^ 

TO y, 10TZ Jfffi tig TO U qintlttl T^Y RTTO JOV y jccpj?- 

aiy. "JlgS? £ptt rug ivccyjlag ■ Ivavttm yUo atl x&t 
tv&itvty, A^u. Jf *f«t 1% tovtoV pltafiaXXti, (y m qvu 
tarty* Elovv totV w&vyarov , avvyxij Xtnug&ui inl 
tov /. Ovx ioff ^i.idc ?/ xivymQ' % y*<u dmXiififimvtt- 
pivTi otvto&tj ov pia fatly* 8, At* 3* «ofi ** rar^e 
g'O 1 .'^'.*- xa&oiov (/«/./«>■ ?«o( rca0q£ xcrijuefti^ • i* 
yuo unar to tfiyaiWrov tgIf tiqijfiirtoy tw« ttiyttTa* 
HiyjfjTEuy, xui TjQipti iu)y ayjixtipiywv Tjqtptwv" ov 
y«Q fy ftlX^ TTttgtf TaUTffff. 7o 3* p^f «*t jupovjitrot 
T-r;vAc Tfj M xfrqwy, (ia^w 5' oooa & Effort Tiji el'dei, K«i 
f*Tj ei' t* ftGQtov ioTt %Tqg *>Aq£,) wvii^x^ rcooTfpoy ^*- 

JI^^ 1 T>j ! V /OTiKf^MM'^^ ?i*>f^ ('«*'* tl yUQ Jj{ftfAia f Qlt- 

o^ar^" T?)? xAFijtrtscif^ ^(JT*>f* i'i oiJr ivayriai ft it mytj* 
tilts Til ant tvd-iiay, ittitt iti u t f t'y&ixtTfti xiYHii&ut 
tt*$ ivavjiagj to una tov u tt^os to y fftQt}f4tyov qv» 
ctv (fiqoiTo a b ua xul (\tiq tov y ttqoq to ti, Enn iJi 

OVX **/*« <f(?p*T«l f X*r»J^TJ(JfT«i 3i TCtUTIJFTTi* KlVtjOi^ 
UVW^XI) 1J(tf<E|J}0«i 7I$OTtf*QV TTOOf T^i ^ ' ttt?T»f ^flt^ f^ 

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* PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIU. CAP. Vlll. 200 

toivvv ix tvtv tlgrjftevoav , ott ovx tori ovitxys f) xl- 
vr}<n$* %.*Eti 8e xal odt b Xoyog fiaXXov oixiiog 
iS)v tlqijfiivw * upa yaq eg>&aqtat to ov Xivxbv, xal 
yiyovs Xevxov. EX ovv ovvtxyg t) alXohaoig tig Xtv- 
xbv, xal 4x Xtvxov, xal pi) fiivti twa XQ<>* 0V > *P<* 
t€p&aqtai to ov Xtvxov, xal yiyovtv ov Xsvxov • xoudv 
yaq sotai o avtbg y^ovog. 'ifri, ovx/ tl ovvtxitg b 
Xqwog, xal r) xlvrjotg • &XX* tytSyg. U»g d* av *fy 
to tox<*tov to a wto tm? ivavtimv, o\qv Xtvxoitjrog 
xal ptXaviag ; lQ.'H Si inl tr^g ittquptqovg, tatai 
fila xal ovvexr}$* oidiv yaq advvatov ovftfiaivH' 
to yaq ix tov a xwovptvov, apa xivy&yottcu tig to 
a xatatijv avxr)v nqo&tatv* tig o yaq $•**, xal xtr- 
v sit at- tig tovto, aX£ ovx *&** x*vx,fri)ovtat tag ivav- 
tiag, ovdi. tag avtixtipivag • ov yaq anotoa rj 4x 
tovtov %ji tig tovto ivavtia, oi$* avttxttfdpy * aXX 
ivavtia (Uv,ri in ev&iiag 9 Javtt) yaq totiv ivavtia 
xotta tottov, oiov i) xata dtafittqov • anigftt yaq 
nXuaiav. l4vwxHpixvi 8t, y xata to avtb fiiqxog, 
"Jlqtt ovdev xmXvtt ovvtxwg xiviUs&ai, xal firjdsva 
jtqivov dutXslnuv • rj fUv yaq xvxXy xivtjoig iottv, f) 
aq> avtov tig to avto • r\ di xaz tv&tiav, a<p av- 
tov tig aXXo. Kal r\ fib iv tw xvxXw, oidinoxs iv 
rolg avtoig' rj dt xat ti&tiav, itoXXaxig iv toXg 
ait dig. Tqv piv ovv aUl iv aXXta xal aXXw yvyvo- 
pivrpy ivdixer** xwiio&ak ovytx&g' ttfv 6*' iv jolg 
otvroig noXXaxig, ovx ivd^ttai' avayxv\ yaq apa 
xtveio&ai tag anuttipivag. "jlgre oW eV tip qpixv- 
*Xitp, ovd* iv aXXji n$qiq>$qtla oidtpup ivdixttai ev+- 
*X&g xwno&ai* noXXaxtg yaq avayxy tavta xwti- 
Aribt. Phys. Ausc. O 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



210 AUISTOTEL1S 

a&ai, ual xig iyavxiag ptxafialleiy pttetfiolag * oi 
yaq avvanxu xtj aQZjl *b ntyag. H ds xov uiulov, 
ovvamu, ual iau fioyrj tiltiog* 1 1. tyuytobw &i 
ual iu xavxqg Tifc faaiQ&j**>Q, oxi ov&k tag alias b- 
dix**au utyyoHg thai ovysx&g • iv anaaaig yaq x«i- 
xa avuftalpti xwua&eu nollauig, o\qv iv allotvon 
xa petafv, ual iv *$ xov nwov, xa ava fUaov psyi- 
&tj • ual h ytvigu ual a>&o$a ioavxwg • oidir ykq 
diaiptyu, oliya rj noil* noittoai, iv olg ioxiy y ptxa- 
fiolfj, ovdi fuxa$v noog&uyai t* i} a<peluy • a/upoTs- 
0(ag yaQ ovpfialyu xavxa xwfio&ai nollaxig. Jyloy 
ovv iu rov tony, oxi ovd* oi a-vatnloyoL ual&K Uy av- 
ow, oi navxa xa aio&rixi myitis 3 at qawxartBg aitA* 
xivuo&ai yao avayuq xovxm ttrtk roar Kipyatwy, unl 
pulioxa uax ixtiyovg iatly ttlkmava&at* (>t]» ydo 
qxxoiy at* ual q>&lyuy. *Exl Si uul xqv yivtaty ual 
xyy a>&eoay allomaiy liyovatv. di liyog rvr tt~ 
QijKt ua&olov neol naarjg jftpqaf &?, on k«t audtpiar 
uirqoiy iyd&eTcti xiyua&ai awtftm, *i$tn njj? xviclw ■ 
iigxt ovxs uax alloitaaty, ovze xax' atsfqaffr. 'Oxt tiiv 
oiy o$x tixttfog dart uatafioli; avdtpia t ovte av*s- 
XW 8* *W uvulio ipeqag, IVt*i taattvfr* yulv *i*y~ 
{lira. 

• CAPUT IX. 
"Oxt de x£>y (pooitv 4 uvuloawoia norny, Stflop' 
naaa yao q)ooa, vgntf ual *f6x$ooy tfnofur, ij uv- 
ultf, Jj in tv&siag, y puny. Tavxr t g &' ardyxi} n$o- 
xeoag tlvtu ixthag * i£ iusbwy yao ovyiaxijut. T$g 
6* sv&ilag, q uvuIm* anltj yao ual xiluog fiaXl/op" 
anttoov fjUy yog ovu tarty tv&uav qr£o*&&at, * to yity 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIII. CAP. IX. 211 

Bvrtog anuqoy ovx tatty • aX£ oitSi ti yv, ixiytito 
av ovSty " ov yaq yiyvetai to advnxtov. 4iBl&tif 
Si tijy anuqov, aSwatoy. *H S' toil ti^q ntntquofU- 
yyg BV&siag, avaxatmtovoa piv avy&sty % xal Svo 
xirqoug • tirf avaxiiurtovoa Si, attXqg xal <p&aqtfj. 
Jlqoxtqov Si xal <pv<m, xal Xoya, xal XQ*> vt 9> T0 *^~ 
Itioy p*v tov attXovg, tov qrfhtqtov Si to aa&aqtoy* 
"j£u nqotiqa fjv trSix*tai atSioy slyat trig fir] lySsxo- 
ftiytjg. Trjy piy oiv nvxlto iySfytta* atdiov thai, 
t&y S * aXXwv ovte tyoqxty, oSt aXXtjr oiStfiiay • ««- 
o*y yaq del yiyte&au £t Si otaoig, hp&aqtai f) ui- 
vrioi$. 2. BvXoyag Si evppi/hjxt to, tip xvxXm play 
thai xal owtxq, xal (*i) tyy in tv&tlaq* ttjg fth 
yaq in ti&tiag Hqiotaixa* aqxh* xal }doov, xal t«- 
log • xalnayt *x$i iy kavtij. "flqt iotly o&ev ciq- 
£ezat to xtyovfupoy, xal ov ttXtvtrftrn* nqog ykq 
toiq niqaotv r,otfiH nay, tj o&sy, y ov. Tqq Si »*- 
QifytQOvg, ioqtota* tl yaq ftaXXoy hnoioyovy niqag 
Twy inl lift yqafi/ttjg; oiiolmg yaq fxaotoy xat aqxi> 
xal fiiooy, xal tiXog, ilgt axel tb ttya *?*<** h aqXfi 
xaliv tiXu, xal pijSinott. Jto w&tai xal r)qepu 
mag fj a<pa%qa • to* aitoy yaq xatfyn tonoy. AX- 
t&ov 9 ', on ndyta ovfifiiftrixe tavta tia xiytqm • xal 
yitq aqx*l *<*• fiiooy tov fisyt&ovg xal tiXog ietly. 
"jlgts dux to Rtt tlfai tovto ttjg ntqt^tqeiag, ovn 
%0tyy onov to qteqoittyoy yqtfif)ou, &g dultiXv&og 
al$l yaq tpiqttai ntql to pioov, aXX* ov nqhq to 
io^fcrTov* Slit Si to tovto iiiytiy, aUl t« rjqtfiil n<ag 
to oXov, xal xty^itat ovyexw?' ^vpficiiyu Si itvti- 
Gtiioymg * xal yaq or* fdtqoy t&v xivtjowv f) nsqi~ 

O 2 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



212 ARIST0TEL1S 

<poQ<x ion, nQtoTijv ivayxtxtttv vvxyy ilvui w anavttt 

yUQ (ISXQUJUI TQt TTQWInt ' Kttl diOIl 7T 0(XTr {r fj&I&QV 

ioxl t£ty alitor. "£xt Si xal Qpaltjv ivdijrftai, eiwxi 
xijy xvxlo) fiovr)v • xa ymo inl xyg tu&ziaj dtwpa* 
lag ani xt Ttjg &qx*}± qptorrott, xal naog to relog m 
navxa yap oor^Treo «y wqj/orrjTot* rciUIoy rou */£E- 

flOVPtOg, <p&Q€TCU &4XTTOV ' trjg Se XVxkbl {IQVIjC, OL-TZ 

V &QX*I» °v** to tilo> f'y aluj ndqwxtv, all* $wii$ 
3. Ovid* x\ xaxct tqtiuv <poo« TT^&mj tow xtvtnsswv t 
(taQxvQovoi naxxsg, oaut vtni xtnjostag tuttoi^tu* 
jiveiav tag yao a$?«? uvT^g unodidoaat jols m* 
vovot TQ*ctvtf}V xivr^jir ■ dtuxgtutg yaQ xml uvyxgtatg 
xiyr\auq xaxa xonov eituV. Ovxw di xtvovaiv j) >pdi<j 
xal xa vuxog- to fuv yaq Staxqhti, to Si avyxqivu 
avTGHf* Kal tov vovv Si q>t\mv jlvaSuyoQai Stax^ 
rux Toy xwr,octvxa u^uitov • ouoiwg Si xal vaoi t t«i* 
avxr\v fiiv ovStfiiay uhlav Isyovot , Sta di to xw&v 
xivstod-ai (paoi • xal ; >*>* oJxot tijr xata tonov xt- 
yrioiv xweioxtoti tyy yvQir liyovaiv 1 y yaq fit a to 
xivov xivyoig, q>aga tun, xal w<; h TQjrta ■ rrTiv <1 
ttAAcw ovStfiiav VTia^ur to7s rrgajTot?, «JUm roif /x 
xovxwv ol'ovxav .av&vitydvi yitq *&l (p&htiv, nal 
all<HOVO&(Xt> GvyxQtyottirMi-, xal SiaxqtvauiyiAy twi' 
axofiwv OMfiaxw. 9 ay A Tor avxov Sa too n of xa» 
o<jQ i dux 7i vxroxfjx a ?i ttnr\>it,itt xaxtitox&V(**QVQt fir 
ytoiv fj y&OQvv • Qvyxoitjti ;■■«« x&l tiutxoi&u xaitwa 
dtaxoapovoiv. >r £xi Si xal naga rovtovg oi tfjv tyv- 
XW aixiav noiovxxtg xivrfattng * xl> yitfj «uto titviQ 
xwovv, aQzip *ivui tyvut law xivovpivw. Ktrquu $i 
jo faov, xal nav to EpyvxQv, xyv xinxu xonoy uvtq+ 

Digitized by GoOgk 



PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIII. CAP.X. 213 

xivrjmv. Kal xvQifaq di xivuo&ai yaps? povov to %i- 
vovptvov Tijy xcna xonov xlvtjGiv. Ifiav d' $0*1**1 f*** 
iv tw ctvjw, <xv£aVr/Tat di r\ q>&ivy, ij aAAotovptt'O)' 
TvyX<***l9 ny xivuo&cu, anlwg ds xivuo&ai ov <pa- 
/uev. Or* /utv oi/y ad t* xivtjou; tjy x«» toiai rby a- 
Ttctvxa zqovov, ual xi% afljij tijs aidiov xwijafttf - St* 
6*6, t/s nQvjri xivtjoig, nal riva xlvr^ow ifidiov ivffi- 
Xticu povvp thou, xou to xivovv nqSixov oxh &xivr\- 
iov, ei'grjrau 

CAPUT X. 
Oxt ds xovx apt fig avayxalov tlvai, xal fiijdev 
Mz*w fiiyt&og, vvv Xiyimtv, itomxov mol xiv ixooxi- 
ewv avxov diooioavxsg. Tovxmv di, bv psy knit, oxi 
ovx olov re oidiv ntmoaoftivov xiviiv SnsiQOv %o6- 
vov xoiayao dan, xo xtvovptvov, xctl to xivovv, 
xctl jo iv (h xoixov o xooyog. Tavta di, i) itavxa tlnn- 
ga, ri navja n%ntqoto(uva, i) tvia, olov xa dvo, y to 
IV. Ear (a dy to a xivovv, to 6** xwovptvov ft, Xo£~ 
vog ctnnoog &p ov- y. To dq d xivtixta xl pi^o? Tijs 
/J, to ^ a> *. Ov Si) iv «'flr<p tw y «V ff/Ui'oy* ya^ 
to p4(ov, "Jlgt ovx ansigog o XQWOQ o xov £. Ov- 
to) ^ tJ 6* TTQoori&tlg, xaxavaXww to «, xcu tiJ e 
to /J. Tor d* xqovov ov xatetvakwoti itl iytuomv 
fool* uneiQog yaq. Jlgts y notaa a tip oXyv ft ju- 
vijgsi iv nentQOtofAivfp j^oyw T0 ^ 7* 0^* *V a °'^ y 
t« wo ntnsyaopivov xivua&at oidiv oinuoov nip fl- 
aw. On fib ovv ovx ivdix$icu to nenBowrpivov a- 
n$i$ov xivhly XQovov, q>ctvtoov. 2. "Oti d' olwg ov* 
ivd&xtxai iv ntntQaa(iiv<$ pzyi&H anetoov thai o*v- 
vayuv , ix xwdt dr\lov * IVrw y«o ^ nksitov dvvafui 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



214 AR1STOTKL1B 

only 10 loov iv tterrrtw xqww notovaet, olov #ip- 
fHtbovaa, ?) yXvnetivovact, i] QMTovaa, xal oXwg xt- 
vovoa. 'Avayxij ocga xal ito tov irtTttgatjfiivov ftiv, 
Snugov 6*' fyovtog dimpir, tiavxEtvTnu Traifjop,*** 
nXtia ij vit' aXXov • nltiwv yttg j) twuqog Svvaptg* 
'Allot pr)v xqovov y* ovx iyd&tim rivm oufoVa - tl 
yag ionv 6 iq? w a xg£vag t tv to ?} aHFipo? la^vg 
ffiigpavtv, rj twotv iv & Si b a ft, ^rrztgaafiiyy Ttg* 
ngog ravttjv fitii£(a asl Xttufidpwv nz TtQctafiiviiVj fj£&i 
nori sig to iv tm a X$® vu . 1 xtmvipitiifaw Ttgag ittnt- 
(HMO flavor yag atl ngoawi^tn^^ vnegfiuXUs TTttnog iSpi- 
opivav, x«t ayatgav ilXttfw mgavntg. 'Z:V Icrca «pw 
Xgov(o xwrjati ^ 7T€7r6^«trdt* r ^ tjj oiTrttyftj* rovro W 
tt^watov. Ovdh Sga TTEJiEacttjpivQv iv$txt* a * an**- 
00* Svvaftiv $X*W* 3. Ou toii'I 1 ? ov3e ^ tiiiiqw 
ntittgaopivriv * xaitot ivSixttat iv iXtxTrovt ptyi&n 
nXtlova dvvctficv tlvttt, all' tzt pulXov iv putXon 
itXtlta. 'JSatto tit} to itp ov a /?, BRHgai' ■ to 3iJ /? /, 
^e» dwatfiiv riva, % tV twi xgQvig ixlvqtst tqv d t iv 
T$ £0oVw fy' <» * £. *^ ^'j r 5? ^ F 5lir4«i»ilf Aflf^- 
fiavu, 4v rjfxiait xivrjOH xqqvm tov e £• forei ^«^ rau- 
tij ^ ivaXoyia. "flft iv nji J # xipijaf j. Ouxoup ov- 
Ta» Xafxfiavwv atl, rr\v piv a ^ ovJ^ttote dti^tifti, jfpo- 
j-oy fli tov do&ivrog atl (laitw ).r;iioutti, '^ret^of 
<fy« ♦; Svyctfjiig' eoTto ■ ^eifij? ^ot^ JtfWFpCTff^CTfijf 
vntgfiakXn dvv&fimg' naojjg SA ^tntgttfjfiirfig ^v- 
rapttog, wv&,y%i\ mntgttaptivQv fJv«t Kttt tov jf^ovof* 
€• ya^ IV Tir* 17 TO0i}0% *j pti±toif iv ilaitovt pir t w^t- 
afiivta &i xivrpjti JFfO »'*'.- xotu ttjf e; ntrr^ oipij » ; ^^ 
&**loytag. "Antigog di nnant dvvafu ig, w^reo ie«r 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PHYSIC. A USC. LIB. VIII. CAP. X. 216 

ttAij&og xctl piys&og xb vnsQpdXXov navxbg moiQfu- 
vov, b/'Eoxt, di xal q>d« du$at xovxo* ktiipipt&a 
yito tit) rivet dvxafux xyp avx^y tw yivu xji iv xq i- 
ntiou ptyi&H, ir nsTUsgaopivG) ptyb&ti ovewtv, y xo- 
rafitT^au xijv iv x§ kniiqq nattowjfiiyiiy dvvetfuv. 
"Oxi fiiv ovy ovx ivdixtxat anuoox ilvat divapiv h 
nmtQccofiivip ptyi&u, oidi jumqetafiiyrfy iy antiof, 
4* xovxtay drjloy. 5. Ileql di tw (ptQopumy, xcrict? 
tXH diotttaqqaai xiya anoxia* itoiixoy • $1 yaq noty 
xb Kirovptvov xwsixcu imb xtvbg, baa pi) uvxa favxv 
xivu, n&g xwuxm %vw ovysx<*£> P*l vmofUxov %ov 
x&rqaayxog t olpy xa ^mxoiptym. El d* apa xivtl 
x«» SXXo xi b xwijoag, olox xby iioa, bg xirqvpty+g 
xiyu* bpoitog advyaxov xov nomxov pi) Itnxopivou 
pydi xwovyxog xwtio&cu, aXX Spot nttvxa xeel jar&- 
q&qu, xal nenctvo&cu, bxuv xb noinoy xtrovy mm- 
otjtui, xal si noui iignto o Xi&og y olop utxuv o 4k»- 
yt{Q%v. 'Apiyxij di, xoixo pkv Xdytty, ox* xb noonow 
xiyqoay noui oloy xs xtvtiv, fj xby atya xovxop, tf xb 
vdwf, ijf alio xi xoiovxav b n&pvxt xntuy xou utmu- 
o&m* y ilk evx Spa navexcu xwovv xou xw<nip$Pox, 
etXXa xwovpivov piv iipct, biecy b xwmy navo^znu xi~ 
p&v, xtrovv di rri iaxi • fob xtvuxal %* mXXov &ope- 
ror, xou inl iovtov b avxbg koyog. Hawxat di, axmv 
iXotxx&v i) dvvctjug xov xtvuv iyyirt{xm x<p ^ojKtt^i. 
T&og di navtxmi, or ax pyxix* not fay to itQOXtQOv 
xwovv, ilia xiyovfuvoY povov. Tctvxa 3* mvuyxi] 
Mfia. nctvto&mi, xb fth xiyovv, xi di xiyovptyov, xal 
%ijy blr\v xiv^ow, Avxij pi* o£y h xolg bd&xoftiyoi$, 
bxi psy xivuQ&ai, bxi d' yotfiuv iyyiyvzxm f) xkr\- 



2K> AfllSTOTELlS 

otg, xal ov awtxW* ilka qxxivttw t) yao £q>t&}Q 
qvt**>, rj antoftiwar iativ • ov yog tv to xwovp, aiU' 
ixoptra alltjlw. dto xal b> aioi, xal ip vdariyirt- 
t<»* r) routVTT) xiptiotg, i}p Myovoi rwsg aptuttQioxa- 
o& thai. 'Advparo* di a'XX&g xa anoQTj&ivja Xvup, 
*i fit) xbv uorifiiyop xqonov. *H d* avtmsoioraoig 
apa nana notu xivuu&ai, xal xwlv wgt* xal 
navaj&at. Nvv d* yaiptta* iv ti xwovfitpop ovvt- 
Z<*S' vnb Tivog ovv ; ov yaq vnb xov aixov. 6. a JB- 
nd £' iv xdig ovoiv ardyxrj atl xipffoip ilva* ovp*XV> 
avxri di uia ioxlp, awxyxij de tip piav fityi&ovg xb 
Tiro? tLvai* (ov yao xwuxai xb d/iiyt&sg*) xal evcg, 
xal vxp brig • ov yao Mozai ovrtxt)g y <***' tyof 1 ** 9 ! 
kiioa its fag xal fkyorip&vri. To fty xwovp si tv, ij 
xtpoifitrop mptX, jj <xxlri)Tov ov. El fup dt) xwovpt- 
vov, ovraxolov&eiv dsrjim xal ntxafialltw aitb, a- 
(ta as xtp&o&a* into xtrog • wgxs exfjoexa*, xal »jSe* 
tig %b xtpslo&cu imb axtvytov * tovjo yao oifx apa- 
yxtj wppsTUpakXetv , uXX' a*i xi dvvrf<J6xat> xipup* 
omopov yog xal to ovxw xivfir, xal OfiaXrjg avtr\ r\ 
xirrjetg, fj fiopy, ij paXuna * ov yao ixu fiexafioXiiP 
oidtfiiap to xipovp. Au de ovb*i to xipoifuvov Ttqbg 
4x$ipov ijfttir ftttafiolffp, 'iva bpoia $ y xirtjoig* l/A- 
viyxfj di ij 4p ftio(o f i) iv xvxXoj ehrar avtat yao al 
aoxaL IdXXa xaxwxa xtpuxat toe iyyvxaxa rov xi- 
povpxog. Totavffi #' h T °v olov xiptjoig - ixu aoa 
to xivovp. 8. "Ex** $' anooiap, d 4vdix**ai x% xt- 
povfitpop xip&p <svvsxa>g f alia ftrj ejgnto to &&ovp 
naXw *a* nahv, [xai] fw i<ps$t)g thm ovptjfig • ij 
yao avxb du i&tip, ij tkxew, ij afMpta, i] frtoov t* 

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PHYSIC. AUSC. LIB. VIU. CAP. X. 217 

ixdexbfitvov aXlo nag aXXov, Sgnsg naXat iXix^fj 
inl tSiv qimov^iviov. El di diaig$tbg Hv o aijg rj to 
v5(OQ xivei, aXi &g asl xwovpsvog, apq>oiig(og d* 
ovz oiov ts fUav tlvcu, aX£ ixofiivmv • port] aga 
owsxyg, yv xivii to axivr^tov • an yag bfioiwg l/or, 
xal ngbg to xwovptvov bpolwg s£si xal ovvexwg. 
9. duogiopivw de tovtwv, q>avtgbv on advvatov to 
TiQMtov xivovv xal axivrjjov %xnv ti fiiye&og * ti yag 
piyi&og tfc«, avayxrj ytoi nsntgaapivov avtb ilvai, 
ij anugov. *Anugov fisv ovv, bti ovx ivdixetat piys- 
&og uvai, didnxtat ngotsgov iv toXg (pvaixoig. *Oti 
ds to nsnegaopivov advvatov %x tw unstQov dvvafiiv, 
xal oil advvatov iottv vnb nsncgaopivov xwtio&ai 
ti anugov xgovov, didsixtai vvv. To di ye ngwtov 
xivovv, a'i'diov xwtl xivrjotv, xal anngov xgovov. <Pa- 
vtgbv toivvv, on adiaigstov iatt xal apsgig, xal ov- 
div bxov piye&o?. 



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ARISTOTELIS 

O R G A N O N. 

PARS IT. 



Kit 

h 1 J'f)!iTE*l9HA, 



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LIPSIAE 

uotl TAUCUHITIf. 

1813. 



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ARrSTOTELIS 

OPERA OMNIA, 



VOL. IX. 

Inest: ORGANI PARS II., continents: 
ANALYTICA PRIORA ET POSTERIORA 



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ARGUMENTUM. 



AN A LYTIC A PRIOR A. 

Lib. I. Cap.l. Be propositione, termino,syltogi*mo, 
eiusque elemeolis. 2. Dcpropositiooum simplicium re- 
ciproeatione. 3. Be propositionum modalium resjpro- 
catione. 4. Be modls syllogtsiflorum utilibus et inutili- 
bus in prima figura. 5. Be syllogismis seoundae figurae; 
6. tertia e figurae. 7. Be tribus fignris et iinperfectorum. 
syllogismorum perfection*. 8* Be syllogismis ex amba- 
bus propositionibus necessaftis. 9. Be syllogismis ex 
altera propositione uecessaria, altera absoluta , iu .prima' 
figura. 10. Be iisdem in secunda figura. II. Be iisdem. 
iu tertia figura. 12. Be contiogente et propositionibus 
contingentibus. 13. Be syllogismis ex ambabus propo- 
sitionibus contiugantibus in prima figura. 14. Be syllo- 
gismis ex altera propositione simplici, altera contiogente, 
in prima figura. 15. Be syllogismis ex altera propositione 
uecessaria , altera contingente , in prima figura. 10. Be 
syllogismis ex ambabus propositionibus contingentibus, 
iu secunda figura* 17. Be syllogism is ex altera propo- 
sitione absoluta, altera contingente, in secunda figura. 
18. Be syllogismis ex altera propositione uecessaria , al- 
tera contingente, in secunda figura. 19. Be syllogismis 
ex ambabus propositionibus coutingeotibus iu tertia figu- 
ra. 20. Be syllogismis ex altera propositione contingente, 
altera absoluta , in tertia figura. 21* De syllogismis ex 
altera propositione uecessaria, altera contingente, in tertia 
Arist. AnAlyt. 

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h ANALYT. ARGUMENTUM. 

figura. 22. De tribus figuris in universum. 23. De qua- 
litate et quaufitate syllogismorum. 24. De terminis syl- 
logismorum in universum. 25. De numero propositio- 
num in syllogismo, et de prosyllogismis. 26. l Depro- 
blematis in quaque figura adstruendia vel evertendis. < fl. 
Be inventione propositionum ad syllogismos in uuiver- 
turn. * -28. De eodem argumento praecepU specialia. 29. 
De syllogismis ad impossibile ducentibus, et all is hypo- 
thetic is. 30. Quod omnes cuiuscunque generis syllogismi 
exposita methodo contineantur. 31* De divisione. 32. De 
resolutione syllogismorum in figures, propositions, et 
terminos omuino. 33. De necessario et terminorum col- 
locatione. 34. De terminis recte exponeudis. 35. De 
recte exoonendis syllogismi terminis complexis et obli- 
quis. 36. De iteratione, et de attributo simplici, Tel cum 
adiectione. 37. Praecepta ad syllogismorum resolutio- 
n em. 38. De resolutione syllogismorum ex hypothesi, 
et ducentium ad impossibile. 39. De resolutione syllo- 
gismorum ex una figura in aliam. 40. De qualitate et 
significatione turn fin it or um et infinitorum , turn privan- 
tium terminorum in syllogismis. , 

Lib. II. Cap. 1. De syllogismis plura conclucfantibus* 
2. De conclnsione vera ex falsis propositionibus iU-p^una 
figura. 3* De conclusione vera ex falsis propositionibus 
in secunda figura. 4. De conclusioue vera ex falsis pro- 
positionibus in tertia figura. 5. De probatione circulari 
in prima figura. 6. De eadem in secunda figura. 7. De 
eadem in tertia figura. 8. De reciprocatione syllogismo- 
rum in prima figura. 9. De conversione syllogismorum 
in secunda figura. 10. De eadem in tertia figura. 11. De 
deductione ad impossibile in prima figura. 12. De eadem 
in secunda figura. 13. De eadem in tertia figura. 14. De 
discrimine inter syllogismum ostensivum et deduclioucm 
ad impossibile. 15. De rati one concludendi ex contra- 
riis in prima figura. 16.'De eadem in secunda figura. 
17. De eadem iu tertia figura. 18. De petitione principii. 
19. Dc reprehension^ syllogismi, qua dicitur, falsum 



ANALYT. AROUMENTUM. in 

propter hoc-ncro accidere. 20. De falsa ratione. 21. De . 
impediendo catasyllogisino. 22. De impediendo elencho. 
23. De deception* ex open tone orta. 24. De reciproca- 
tion i bus terminorum in prima figura. 25. De inductione. 
26. De exemplo. 27. De abductione. 28. De instantia. 
29. De consentanfeo, et*igno,-et enthymemate* 30. De 
ratione, ex natura eoniiciendi. 

ANALYTICA POSTERIORA. 

Lib. I. Cap. 1. An sit demonstratio. £. De'scientia, 
et de demonstratione, eiusque elemeuiis. 3« De veteruni 
opinionibus de scientia et demoDslratione. 4. Quid sit 
De omni (x«tu nuvro<;) , Per se (x«^ avxo) t et Universale 
(xa&6\ov). 5. De erroribus circa primum universale. 
6. Demonstrationem constare ex principils per se, et me- 
dio necessario. 7. Quod non liceat ex alio scientiae ge- 
nere in aliud desceudendo demonstrare. 8. De conclu- 
sione aeterna. 9. Demonstrationem esse oportere ex 
principiis propriis et indemonstrabilibus. 10. De princi- 
piorum defmitione et divisione. 11. De communibus qui- 
busdain omnium scientiarum principiis. 12. De in ter ro- 
gation lbus, et de syllogismorum incremento. 13. De 
differentia demonstrations ac scientiae , quod res sit , et 
quamobrem sit. 14. Primam figura m esse ad scientiam 
aptissimam. 15. De propositionibus immediatis negau- 
tibus. 16. De ignorantia secundum pravam terminorum 
dispositionem in medio vacantibus ; 17. in iis, qnibus me- 
dium aliquod est inter 'tectum. 18. De ignorantia secun- 
dum negationem. 19* De principiis demonstrationis, 
siulne ea finita an infinita. 20. De mediis, quod non sint 
Infinita. 21. In demonstratione negativa media non esse 
infinita. 22* I n demonstratione amrmativa media non 
esse infiuita. 23* Corollaria quaedam. 24. Universal em. 
demonstrationem praestantiorem esse particular!. 25* 
Porro, affirmantem essenegante praestantiorem. 26«Eau- 
dem esse praestantiorem demonstratione ducente ad im- 



iv ANALYT. ARGUMENTUM. 

pnssibile. 27« De acientia certiore. 28. Quid tit una 
acientia et di versa. 29* Eiusdem rei plures esse demon-' 
strationes. 30. IterumTbrtuitarum non esse seientiam. 
31* Per sensum nou haberi seientiam demonstrative. 
32. Be diversitate principioram secundum diversitatcni 
ayllogismorum. 33* Be differentia soteutaae et oplnioois. 
34* De sagacitate. 

Lib. 11. Cap. 1. De its, quae in scicntia quaeruntiir. 
2* Probatur , omnem qnaestionem ad medii inventionem 
pertinere. 3. De differentia demoustrationis et definitio— 
ii is. 4. Definitiouem rei deraonstrari non posse. 5.'Con- 
clusionem non fieri propter divisionem. 6. Non demon— 
strari definitionem sumta definitione demonstrationis, aut 
contrarii definitione. 7* Quid res sit, demonstrari non 

{>osse. 8. De logico syllogismo, quo, quid res sit, »pro- 
>ari potest. 9. De definitione essentiae et- causae rei. 10. 
Demonstrationem causae rei per quatuor eausarum ge- 
nera fieri. 11. De causis eorum, quae fiunt, facta sunt, et 
fntui'a sunt. 12. De investigandae definitionis rattone. 
13. Praecepta ad problematurn et medii termini iuven-* 
tionem. 14. De causis et effectis. 15. Qoa ratione co- 
gnoscantur principia, et quis sit habitus, per quern intel- 
ligantnr. 



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" APISTOTEAOTS 

1NAATTIKA IIFOTEPA. 



LIBER I. 

CAPUT I. 

llg&jor untiv, ie*q\ %i, xttl xhog r\ oxiyug iaxiv 
otc ntgl anobi&w, xori Imcmgpij? unodtinxtx^g, £l~ 

TO dlOQlCCtl, ?/ ioTLTlQOTClOie, *ttl xl OQOg, XCtl ll <SV\- 

loyiofiag, xoi jvoioc tiXttog, xal noiog axeXyg. Mtxa 
9s xavta,xi to & oAw ihai,t} py thai xodt x$d*,%al w'jtf- 
/o^uev Toxttta nanbg tj pydwog xatyyoQUOxhu. 2. 
Uooxaaig p& ovr iaxi Xbyog naxaqtaxtxbg 13 inoqpd^ 
Tixog ttvog xaxaxivog* Oviog d* *} xa^oAot/, ijf fr 
ficpe*, { adfopiOTog. ^i«yw 5c xa<&6Xov piv, xo nay- 
tl rj fifjdsvl vnaQz* 1 ** *& /u«p« &*> *° w*p V ffl Mh 
tj py navil tmaqx**** jidiogmav di xo vtuxqxw , q 
\ii\ vnaQX H *> °rysv xov xa&oXov> V »«*« ftsgog' oiop 
to x&v ivavJiav thai tij* avir\v imoxiip7}v f ij to tjj* 
fjdoriiv pi) thai aya&iv* 3. dtaatyu di q a/todti- 
KTixij nooxaqig tjjg diaXtxxixrig * oxi ij piv into duxxi- 
t) Xrjytg &axfyov pooiov xyg arwpaamg iaxiv • ( ov 
xo lo&xa, aXXa Xapfiavti anoduxvvtor*) V d* Su*- 
Arist. Akal. A 

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2 ARISTOTELIS 

Xtxxixrj igtSxtjeig xyg arxia>da&ig iaxw, Ovdev' 89 
dioloti ngbg xb ytviaBai xby kxaxigov ovXXoyujfioy • 
xalydgb dno,diutvvioy 9 xal oigantov, ovXXoyi&xai Xa- 
(kbv xi xaxd xivog vndgxnv, n p}\ vnagxuy. "Jlox$ Marat 
ovXXoyumxTj fiiv ngoxdoig dnX&gxaxdffaaig rj an6<pa- 
aigxivog xaxd xwog[xaxd]txbv rigTjftwoy xgonoy. Ano- 
deixnxr) de, idv aXtjdrjg tj, xal did x&v 4£ dgX^S vno- 
&io$aty uXr}ftfidvt]. JiaXxxxixi) di nvvdavopbta p& 
igmxijoig avucpdotaf evXXoyitofUvy di Xqipig xov 
(paivo/uyov xal ivdo£ov, xa&amq iv xoig Tonvtolg 
tfgiixai, ll piv ovy ngoxaaig, xal xl dtatpigei ovX- 
Xoywxixi\, xal dnodsutxixii, xal diaXtxxutri , di axgir- 
pUag fih iv xoig btofiiyoig Qti&jjosxai • ngbg di xrp 
nagovoay tfgtlav ixavwg rjfu* dwglo&v xd pvy. 4. 
m Ogov di xctXtb, Big oy diaXvtxcu ij ngoxaaig * oloy %6,xt 
xaxriyogovfiBVov, xal xb xa& ov xazrjyogeltcu, ij ngug- 
xi&B/ttyov fj diatgovfiiyov xov tlvai, % fii) elvau 5. 
Svlloytopbg di iaxi Xoyog, iv $, xt&ivx&v xiv&y, fkt- 
gpvxtx&y xtipivmy i&ipdtyniif ovppaiyu 1$ xavxa uvai. 
Aiyoi di tto xavxa efoai xb did xavxa ovppaivw. lb 
di did xavxa avppalvBWxb pydevbg t$oa&6v ogovngoo- 
d&v7tgbgxbysyio&aivbai>ayxaio>. 6. TiXuoy ftsy ovy 
xaX&avXXoyiapby xby prfisvbg SXXav ngoodtopevoy no- 
gd xd ilXijfiftiva ngbg xb <pa*nyat xb afayxaloy. 'AxeXij 
di xb> ngoodtotttyoy 1} iybg,rj nXubvtav f d ioxipb dvay- 
xuia did x&p ihtoxs&uiiwv Sgmv, ov pyv sXXrinxaidid 
ngoxd&mv. 7. To di iv oXy shai htgov H igw , not 
to xaid navxbg xaxrjyogua&at Qaxsgoy &arigov 9 
tavxoy ioxi. Aiyoptv di xb xaxd navxbg xaxt\yo~ 
g&o&ai, oxav prfib p xov vnoxtqiiyov Xa(iuv> *a&* 



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ANAL.YT. PRIOR. WftL CAP. XL % 

ov &anigor ov tez&namu' xal to xata pipfaroy 
uoavtvg. 

CAPUT II. 

*JEntl di naaot ngotaaig doriv if tov vnagztw , ij 
tov i£ avayxijg vnagxuv, 1 *ov Mfoo&eu instgz**** 
tovtwf di ai fib xataopatmal, ai di anoqxxtutal, xa& 
btdoTJ]V ngoognoiv ' nakw di T«y xatafpauxvp xal 
anoqtattxwv ai u$v xa&oXov, ai di h udgu, ai di 
adiogunoi • Ttjv fib h tw vnagxnv xa&okov ottgr)- 
it*i]v ayayxtj tolg ogotg aruafgiyuv olov, d uqdt- 
ftia ijdovTj ctya&oy, ovd * aya&ov ovdb circa* rfiovq • 
Tijy di xatyyogixii* aniotgdyuy pi* ipayxalop ov 
Hrp xa&oXov, aX£ b pig u* olov, si naoaydoryaya* 
$ov, xal ayaS-Ov ti tlvcu r\dovi}V tmv.di b pigii %i\v 
pi* xaxa<f>aTi*r\v avitotgiysiv avayxji xata uigog • u 
yag ifiorq tig aya&or, xalaya&ov tt sarcu ifiovy ' 
ti\v di atsgrftix^v ov* avayxdiov. Ov yag, si ar- 
fyvnog pij vnagx** ttvi &y, xal £&oy ovf vnagzu 
iw\ aWtycu7i<w. 2. Hgtatov pb ovv sotoi otsgytmri 
xa^oAov 7] A B ngotaaig, J£t ovv uydtvl ?aJy Bto 
A vtivqxu, ovdi tSiv A ovdbi inagUi to B. 2# yag - 
«n, olov t$ r, ovx alti&ig total, to /iijtfm ty B 
to A vnigxuv * to yag Vt&v B ti Sow* 3. EX di 
Wirtl jo A tw B, xal to B uvl t$ A inagSu* l£ , 
yao uiid&l, ovdi to A ovdtvl tip B vnagzu • al£ 
mixuro, nartl imagx**. 'OuoUag di xal, ti xata 
<*»©o« ioilv 7] ngotaaig. El yag to A xbi t$ B, xa* 
tq B tivl iq> A avay*r\ vnagz*w. EX yag utidtvl, 
o^« to A ovdevl t§ B vndgfa. 5. Ei di ys to A 
t*u t« jU ihj inagxu, ovx apdyxrj xal to B t $ A uq 

A 2 

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4 *• < : '. AMStfrTELlS 
imag%w ohw, d-T* piv Biotl Zfior to d$ A, «r-' 
bgunog • avfrgwnog piv yag ov narrl Jww ,- £&6v di- 
i$an\ av&QW7ua vndqz*K 

CAPUT III. 
Tot avtoy di jgonot Rm xal toil t&y avayxaltay 
ngotdainy tj ph yag xa&oXov otcojjtik^ xa&oXov 
<xvnotgi<f>H • tmy di xataipatik&y btattga xata p£- 
gog. ist phyag drdyxt) to A t<w B pfidtylvnagxtty, 
avayxtj xal to B t$ A pydeyl vndqx*w* *•* y«Q ™* 
MiXttou, xal to Atta B tiyl iydixoito ay. M di ft 
aydyxtjg to A nartl r\xivi t$B vndgxthxalto B ttvl 
t$ A dvayxtj vndgxei* * ** 7*<? PV &**y*y> • W av 
to A tiv\ t$ B ft avayxtig ftndgxot. 2. To d' £y 
psgn otcgrpixiy ovx ayttotgia>u dia tiji» avtijv alti- 
ay, dt 9 qy xal nqoteoov fyapty* 3. *Bnl di tap iv~ 
dtxopiytov, (inndij noXXax&g Xiyttai to iydixsa&ai • 
xal ydg xal to ayayxaloy, xal to pfj ayayxaloy > xal 
to dvvatoy, frdsxeo&cu Xiyopsy, ) iy piv tolg xata- 
(fatixolg opoltog &s* xata rwv avttotgotpriy iv ana- 
aw • h yag to A nayxl ij tivi tqi B ivdix&ai ,xalrtb'J3 
ttvl rtpAivdexoiro ay • tl yag prjdtyl, ovd' aytoApr)- 
tiwltfj) B [iydexetat]" didstxtai ydg tovto ngottgov. 
4*£V di'tdig dnoqpattxoig ovx ^oavtmg. *Al£ 00a pot 
iydixsa&atXiyctai, jj tw^| avdyxi\g p\\vitdgxw> ^ ta 
py ft aydyxijg vndgxnv > opotmg* oloy , it ng (palij 
toy ay&gamo* iydixeo&ai pn *&«* "nnoy, rj to leu- 
xov pijdevl Ipaiiw vndgxew* Tovt&v yog to piv ft 
ayayxqg ovx vndgxu • to di ovx ft dvdyxrjg vndg^ 
X**~ Kal opoiag aytiatgsq>$i i\ ngotdaig * d yag iy- 
dixttm fiydtvl ay&gwTuo Xnnov that, xal Sy&gwiop 



ANALYTVPBIOR. UB, 1. CAP. IV. 5 

i/Xtogti ftrjdsvl Inns* • ual si to Attmo> iyx&Q& py$wi 
IfjLOiTiw, xal to ipauo* iyx'wQsi fiydsvl Xevxto • ti ydg 
Tin ayayxy, xal to Uvxbv kfiaxiy xivl foTpt #£ avdy- 
xijs * tovto ^«o 6i6uxrat ngoxtqov. 'Opoltig di xal 
l7r*TJj? sV plott oWogwitxifc. 5. v 0aa M tw W£ I?r)% 
to 7ioilv xoutw Tifcpvxivai Xiytrai ivdixw&ai, (xa$* 
ov xqhnov diogi&fitv xb ivd&xofASvov , ) ovx Ofiotag 
e|cc iv xaig axsgtixixaig avxtoxqoq>aT,g • aXX' r\ (iiv xa> 
&6Xoy aitQi)uxr) nqbxaatg ovx ivxioxoiqpH • ij di tv 
fiiqti avxioxgiqM. Tovto ditvraMpotvtQov, bra* tt*~ ■ 
, qI %QV iydtyopivov Xiytapsv • rtf* di xoaovxor %\uv 
i'oTO nooff roe? liQripiyois StjXov , bxi to ivdiyto&cu 
fifjdtvlri} xivt (Jtri vnuQXtiv, xaxatpaxtxbv fyu to ajpj" 
fia'-xbyaq Mixnai tw Ioti* bfioitag tccttctoh * to dt 
. lam, olff «y TtQoaxairiyoQrjjaL , xaiaqxxOLV atl notii, 
xalndvTwg *olov xbtaxiv ovx aya&ov, ^, eariy ov Xsv* 
xbv, ij «7iAw^ to taxiv ov xovxo. Jux&rjvsxai dixal 
"kovxo &« T«5v lnopiv<av naxa Si tag avnaxgoopax 
bpoiwf ffeovai xaig aXXaig, 

CAPUT IV. 

rftWQurpivw di XOvtav, Xiyoifitv rflu , b*ia tijw, 
xalnoii, xaln&gyhtxai'nag ovXXoyiofiog • vaxtgov 
ds Xsxxiov negl unodei&ag • nqotsqov yag nsgl avk- 
Xoyiafiov Xtxxdov, i\ mo* anodd$*<ag, dia to ta&oXht 
fidXXov thai Toy ovkXoytOfiov. *H fiiv yag anodtite 
ovXXayiOfiog xig* 6 ovXXoyiopoq di ov nag anodsih9- 
SL^Otav ovv OQOtTQsig ovxtag t/wat nqbg aXXyXovv, 
&gx$ xbv toxatov iv oX<p fivai r% fiiam, xal rov psao* 
fr oily t^ tiowtw thai, % (iif elver* • avayxq imv axf*0* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



C ARISTOTBLIS 

drat ovXXoyiopov tiltiov. 3. KaXS dipioov phr, 
5 xal avto iv aXXw, xal aXXo iv tovt(p iottv • S xal 
tiJ &iosi yivttai pioov. *Axga di, to avto t$ iv a\- 
^ iy ov, xal h $ alio iotlv. 4. JSJ yag to A xata 
navtog tov B, xal to B nonet navtog tov r, avdyxq 
toAxati navtog tov r xatfjyoguo&ai • ngotegov 
yag sigrjtat, nag to xata navtog ley o per. 5. *Opot~ 
t»g di xal, u to piv A xata pydevbg tov B, to di B 
xaia navrbg tov r, on to A oidtvl T<j> rvnaotu. 6.;2# 
di to pivngwtovjtavtlt^ piaca axoXov&tT,tb dipiaon 
pqdtvl t$ iaxuto) vndgxn, oix tort ovXXoyiopbg tSv* 
,axgmv • ovdiv yag avayxaiov ovppaivu tw tavta «7- 
srett* xal yag navtl xal pydevl ivddxttat to kowtow 
t£ ioxdtto indgxstv* mats ovt* to xata pigog,' ovto 
to ua&oXov yivttai avayxaiov pydtvog di ovtog avay- 
xaiov, dia tovtav ovx tatai, ovXXoyujpog. m Ogoi 
tov navtl vndgxstv, £<Sov, av&gmnog, innog ' tov prj~ 
dsvl vndgxstv, £&ov, av&gomog , Xi&og. 7. Ovd* 
otav pyre to ng&tov tot piato, pt^tt to pioov t^ iox<*~ 
tea fitjdsvl vndgxfi 9 ovd* ovtwgtota* ovXXoyiopog. 
*Ogoi tov vnagxuv, ijiiatfjprj, ygappq, idtgixfj* tov 
ptj vndgxstv, intottjptj, ygappr^, povdg. 8. Ka&6- 
Xov piv [ovv] ovtm twv ogtiv, dyXov, iv tovrtp t$ 
oxhputh nim tat at xal note ovx total ovXXoytopog* 
xal on, ovtog ovXXoyiopov , tovg ogovg avayxaiov 
ovttag tx^v, mg ti'nopsv Sv -re ovtwg t^wat, dtjlov, 
oti tot at ovXXoyiapog. 9. El 8* o piv xa&oXov t(*» 
ogav, o di iv pigu ngog tov ttsgov * oiav pi* to *a- 
&6Xov tB&jj ngog to putov axgov, rj xatfjyogtxov , if 
Qtegqtixov' to di iv pigu ngog to tXaxtov t xatijyo- 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. J. CAP. IV. f 

{**&>» apay*n ovXXoyiopbv $hcu t&uov era* M 
nobs to Honor , ij xcrf mXXtog nmg *z°"?tp ol ooot, 
advrcnov. 10. ./fipt* M puto* jit* oxqop, ir <p to 
pcao? AmV * iStorff or M to vjto to /ueaoy oV. e 2fr«o- 
j^toi /ao to ju«y ^ JicrrrJ t$ J?, to ot 2* wi t£ I>. < 
ovxow, at Sari xena Trofrro? xaT7)yootio&ai to «V o^- 
/j} l$X&iy, i&ayxq to u4 tw* t<w rvndoztiK Xai ci 
to j*ey-4 ptidsvl xw JB vita*/* 1 ? to fle J3 t*W t<£ 1^ 
dvaptrj to ^ w* tw JTf*i} vji&qxuv * aqiaxat y«o «aJ, 
to arttra ftr)fcybg n&g Xiyoptp * wore lara* ot/iUo^i- 
apbg itXsiog. 'Opoltag Si xal, si idioounov sty to 
J5 r*, xafi^ootxof' oi» • o yao at/To? lora* oviUoyfat 
a/iog a&ooiorov «, xal ivfiiqu Xippdirtog. * tl. *Ear 
di ngbg to Horror Sxgov to xa^-oilot/ tb&ji, ij x*tr\+ 
yoQixbr, ij otBoyiuibv, ovx Ibrat ovXXoyiopvg , ovxt 
xaTU<pan*ov, ovxz anoq>omxov tov adioolotov iJtoS 
nata pioog ovrog. Olov, u to fih A xw\ t<J» JB wrau* 
Z*h fj f»iy v»«f^«- to ^«5 TrarTiiw rvnaqxtt. "Oqot 
%ov vn&QZW, iyador, $Zig, <pf6vi}oi$' tov pij vnao* 
Zny, aya&bv, t£tg, ifta&la.! 12. Halt*, tl to pb 
B pydwl t? r, to d*«-4 T*W t«j> 3 vnayx*h V f*h inao- 
X*h % M nurtl wioqz** * ©vd** oi/Toig carat avJUo/*- 
o/ios. *Ooot tov /ueV nartl vnctQxiiv, X$vxbv, Xmtog^ 
xvnvog* xov fttfdtwi vnaqziwy Xsvxbv, Xnnog, *ooa£. 
Ol avtol de, xaUito A B adioouno* sftj. 13. Ovdi, 
Stay to fth nobg t$ ptltovt axpy xadolov *t&jj ij 
Motfiyootuby, rj ortQf)Tut6t> , to di nobg iw ilaviov* 
orsyrtTixof xena (Uqog * ovx eoTai ovlXoyufftbg, adto~ 
oiotov XBxalh piou Xfw&irtog. Olov, tl to p*v A 
ncofrl Ty B vnagz*h todi B jvy* ty T ftf) vnaqzHi 

Digitized by CjOOQlC . 



tf ARISTCTTBLIS 

pioov, vowtt xal narrl xal ovdtvl £«o.Xov&4m %Z 
jty&Tor. 'TitoxUo&maa* yao ol foot, fiwo?, av&om- 
nog, Itvxaf gfaa xal, wt ptj xatnyoquxcH. ievx&v 6 
• iv&qamog, r tlX^<p&n xvxvog xat £*«$•»• ovxovr to 
£&o? iov pep, napibg xaii)yoQ&iai • voti $6, ovdtpog* 
wan ovx Harm avXXoyiopog, 14. Ualiv , to pep A 
pydtvl T(J JB vitaQ%hp>, ib ££ JB «*£ tw J 1 pr\ vita^- 
%*%*> * xa* ol 04HH SbraoW, ayttf ov, Sv&gcmog, lev- 
«oV §lia eiXtfar&noap; np pij xavnyoQ&im Xevx&p 
b ap&gnnog, xvxvog xal xu»v * *b yao atyvzov iov 
fur , north g xattiyog&iai' iov de, ovfapog* i$. 
*£u, inel adioQiorop io itvl i$ Tib B py vnaqxw 
. (aXfi&svnai d$, xal el pi}dsvl vjiiox$h *«* ** M nay- 
tl, on iivl ovx vitagxH') Xfi<p&4vinp 81 iqwvwp 
ognp, naif pydtvl vnaoztsp, oh yivsiai ovXXoywpogr 
(iovto yao efQyiai nqoieoov). Qavtyov ovv, ow 
ca> oving hxnv loiig ooovg ovx ?*ro* ovXXoywpog* 
Zp yao av xal tcl iovi&p. 'Opoing di dnj^ijarra*, 
xal ti to xa-dtoXov %t&d% anqniKxbv. 16. Oidi yf, 
iav Spam ia 8taoir t pata xaia piqog ij uotitjyopxiag 
i} aiegtiiixAg Xdyeiat' ij ib pkv xaifiyooixov , ib d* 
OT$Qr}iix6r • rj ib piv udtogtaiov, ib 6*8 dmgufpivop * 
<9 apqxo adioowia * ovx corori avXloyurpbg ovdapig • 
Soot Si xoirol nanur, (nop, Xevxbv , av&QWtog 9 
two*, Xsvxbv, Xi&og. 17. Qavegbv ovr ix iStp «*£*- 
pmxov, tog iav jj avXXaywpbg ip lovtto i$ oxypaT* 
nata ptyog, or* arayxy, ioig ogovg oving fyst*, ng 
Btnoptr* [xal iav ovtng fawn* ol Soot, avdyxti , y9~ 
wio&a* oyttoytopov • ] SlXwg 6* ixonnr, ovfiapSi 



d by Google 



ANALYT, PRIOR. LIB, I. CAP. V. £ 

yfonafi* . 18. Ji}Xor oe *«*, «t* namg oU to «VT<p. 
gvlXoyiapolMUtoi u^i* ndrug yao inittXtiovvtai 
&q iwvJS igxv$ XyipfHirm** Xa* or* ndvxa tit 
nQQfllJjpatp beUvvtcu dia tovto'v tov oxypmtog • xal 
yito xal to nayxl, xalvb pydevl, xal to im, xal 16 
prj ttvt VJidox^v- JCaXw £«.to totovxoy oxrtfia 

mQNtOy* 

CAPUT V. 

"Char M to alio t$ ph itmnl, t# ds ptidsyl vniq- 
%fl • % 3*ttT«oq> navtl, % p^dtyh 10 piv OXW* to to*- 
pvtov xal& dsir$QOVi 2. itf«aoi> di to avt$ Xiyt* to 
xatrjyoQOvpsvov &pq>o%y • ax^« Je, *a# wv As/«t«i 
toOto* (tutor oe axqov to jtoo? Tip pioy xdptyov 
tXattoy tie to noQ§<otiQto tov piaov. 3. Ti&ttai 3« 
to uiaov I$a> uiv tlay axocav, ttowtov fle TiJ &iou. 4- 
2&aoff piy ow ov* i'aTar avUoyto/ios ovSap&g to 
tovtt^ t$ ex^pcttt* 5. Jwatbg d * carat, xa* xa&o- 
lov,xalpn xa&oXov tatyoowv oytw, 6. ICa-fro- 
Xov ph orttav [tiv bgoiv], laia* at/Moytoyios , oiaf 
to pioov ttp ph narrl, ty d.e oldsvl, vnaQxyxyv 
Ttqog QnottQyovv ij to attqr t tixoy • aHws o« , ot/tf«- 
p&g. 7. KatiiyoQiia&w yaq to M tov ph N py- 
devbg, tov di S navtog * iml ovv avtiotqiyri to 
ottquuxo* , ov<hvl tip M vndoUi tb^ 2V* to di 
ys,M7iflvtlt§ gvnixuto- Sbots to 2V oi8syl t$ & 
Tovto y&Q dsdeixjou ngottqoy, 8. UaUv , u to M 
t$ ply N nartl, to! <5« S p^Htvi* ovde to Z iw N ov- 
fovl vnd^^t. M yitQ to M ovSivl t$ £y ovds tb.Z 
ovdewl t$ MvndoUr %b di yz M navil t$ F yntJQ- 
&; to £00 ^ ovfcvl tiJ NvnaqUi ' yiytonTatydq w«r- 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



la ARISTOTELIS 

Up to ng&top oxW a - *Emi di otvttotgkpn to otb- 
grjxixbv, ovde to IV ovd$vl tw £ vnagtu - Arc* Simrat 
o goto? ovXXoyio/iog. 9. 3&m'dc dtvxvvvat tavta M 
xal Big to ddvvatov anayonag. 10. "Or* p& ov* 
ylvttai ovXXoyiofibg, ovroag ixovt&v tuvogwv, (par** 
gov* al£ ov tiXeiog* ov yag povov ix t&v i$ agxns* 
iXXa xal i$ aXXwv fytitsX&tai to avayxatov. . H, 
*£av di to M navtbs tov N *a* tov -S natfjyogrjtai, 
ovx sotai ovXXoyiOftog. "Ogoi tov vnagxBiv, ovaia, 
{/uov, av&ganog • tov fir) vnagxBiv, ovaia, C&ov, XI- 
&og • fiioov, ova la. 12. Ovd* otav pr^tB tov IV, 
prfa tov 52 fXTjdsybg xatrjyoQritcu to M. Ogot tov 
vnagxBiv, yoappfi, fwoy, av&gamog * tov prf vndq- 
few, ygappy, faioy, Xi&og.^ 13. &avsgbv ovv, ott, 
Sivy ovXXoyiopbg, xa&oXov twv ogav ovtmv , avdyxrf 
tovg OQovgexuv, e>g iv agxji tlnoptv * aXX(og yag &6V- 
tmv, ov ylvstai to dvayxalov. 14. *Eav dingbg top 
thsgov ji xa&oXov to pioov otav pip ngbgtbv ptftpyi- 
p fjtai xa&oXov, y xajrjyoQixwg rj otsgtjtix&g 'nobs top 
iXattto di xata pigog ts, xal avtixsipivmg t$ *a#o- 
lot; * (Xiyta di to avtixupivoig • bI piv to xa&oXov 
atBgi\tixbv, to iv pigti xata<patixov • side xatTjyogi^ 
xbv to xa&oXov, to iv pigsi otsgtittxbv ')avayxtf, yi- 
pto&ai ovXXoyiopbp ottgytixov xata pigog. 15. JE» 
yag to Mtwfiiy jy prjdevl, t$ di S tail VTtagxBt* 
avayxtj, to N tivl t<£ S py vnagxuv, > £rtBidfj yap 
avtiotgifpsi to otegytixov, ovdsvl t$ M vnag$Bi to 
2V. To di ye M vnixuto Tivt tw g vnagxuv* wm 
10 N tivl t$ S ovx vnagtu • yivnai yocg ovXXoyt- 
*pbg did tov nQititov a/^/iaio?, 16. UaXiv, zl to 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALYTV PRIOR. MB. I. CAP. V. U 

pb Jfcf necptl t« IV, T^ot j? tiyj f«j vndgx*** apiyxq, 
to IV w$t$ SS pqwrigzw «t /ao ararri vnigx^ 
xocrfjyogtttat di xat to M navtog tov IV, avdyxij, to 
3f Karri t» 5* vnagxny * vji&wto & im ^ vndg-r 
%tw. Kai %itb Mtm ftiy IV oarr* vmigjftt, t$ di 
£ prj nuptl, Srrat avXXoytopig, oti ov nartl if 3%h\ 
IV. *A7t6&ei$ig di it avtij. 17. J JBw . di tov pip Z 
XttPiog,tov di 2V ^ nartag xanfiyoguja* ib M, ov* 
sarat <rvXXoyiap6g. "Ogonov vndgjpw, Ziaov, oh- 
alot, jrooag* tov py vnmgxw, twoy, Xcvxbp, %6gdU 
18. OvM, ortty tov /i«y 5* prjdtyog, tov di N upifk 
"Ogot tov vnagxuv, (mop, ovoia, Xi&og • tov ptivndg- 
X**p, (wop, ovoia, &r<OTifpq. 19. "Otap pip ovp «*- 

tlXSlfllVOV TO Xtt&6XoV T# K«T<X ftCf 0^ UQf)X(U, not 

laxai, xal tr6t ovn satat avXXoytapog. 20. "Otapdi 
Oftotoaxvpoveg +>otv al ngotioug , olov &p<pot$ga* 
oxtQUitXa}, tj xarcNpctuxai, ovdetpwg soiui avlXoyk- 
opog. 21. "JEowoav yag ng&top angquxal, xal 
to xa&olov xth&w ngbg to pu£ov axgop * olov to 
Mty piv IV pifitpl, if di Stipl py vnaoxha • dp* 
d&cTort dy xal napil xal pydevt if atoN vitagx"*' 
Ogot tov* pc* p^fcr) vndgx^P , pilap, X l <#» t lS>ov * 
tov b% ntxrti intigxup ov* tort Xafitiv ogovg, utoM • 
tw S xivl pip vnagx*h np\ di (irj. JEX yao notptl rep 
Z to IV, to di M pydevl i$ N , to M ovforl tw 2 
vnctgtu ' al£ vnixmo tivh vnigxuv* Ovtoa pip ovp 
w* iyxwotl Xa fitly ogovg. *E* di tov adioolotov 
fotntidp* intlyao aXifttvercu to wl pq Index***™ 
^*tw S, xal ti pf}dsrl vnigx u * pqfop} di indgxop* 
*og f oix rjy ovXXoyiopvg • ($apigQv,ottrQvtikvvv totty 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



H " A MS TOTALIS - 

22. IliXtv tatwaav xutfiyoqixul, xal to xa&oXov xaf- 
4f&& opoiag • oW to Mt$ ppr N navtl, f # di £ t*- 
/?2 V7TCf^6Tft). ^Jgyd&CTttt 6^ to IV t$ '£ *eu ttwt* ««} 
jirjdtvl vnagxttv. ■ ^)ooi tov pridevl vniqxsiv , Xsv~ 
Koy, xvxm, Xi&og* tov 6s navtl oix soro* Xafluv dip 
bijv avxyv aitiav , %vnsQ nqotsgov tyaftw • ctltf in 
tov adiogiarov dsixtsov. 23. Jffi ds to «<k#&Iov 7rpif 
to \Xartov axqov iotl, xal to Mtw fisv a pTjd&l, x$ 
fle 2V tivl (Afj V7TaQX* l > iv^stai *©• JV t£ £ xa* rea**- 
t*, xo:l pij JeW vnagxsiv. "Oqoi tov vnagxuv, Xsvxov, 
£<3ov, xogat' tov fit} vndgxur, Xsvxov, Xi&og, xpga$. 
324. M is xatijyogtxai m.ngctiosig, p^ot tov p#? 
pit&gx tiv > Xsvxov, B&ov, x*mv • tov vnaqxHv, Xsvxov, 
$&ov,jtyxvog. 25. (PoMpo? ov*, 01a* ojuoioojfq/ioi- 
t?g rocnr at nqotaasig* xal tips* xa&oXov, ids ivpi- 
on* ow dvdaptog yivstat ovXXoyujfiog* 2Q. 3 AX£ ov^*, 
if Tm Ixdripai viragxMt V (ty vndgx^h V t$ fih [t*- 
jtfj, tw di /ut;> q prfiexegw navtl, rj itdtoglotag.. "Opoi 
ds xoivol navtmv, Xsvxov, £<woy, aWtywro? * Xsvxov, 
~Z&o'v } ayvxov. 27. Q>avsQov oiv ix t&v slqripivwv, 
6'rt, 4«Vt8 ovto? c^wotv ol ooo»9roo? iXXjXovg, mg 
iUx&rj, ylpstcti avXXopafiog IS ivayxyg* Sv tsyovX- 
.Xoyioftog, avayxfi, 70V $ ogovg ovtmg Izsiv* 28. <*/$- 
( lo* di xa*, on narttg aisXtlg stow oi iv fovtip tu 
ajW/utm ovXXoyiopol' navrtg yug iniTsXtiovvrctinqoe- 
Xanpavofiivtov ttv&v, « ij irunugzu Vfis oqotg 41 
\&vayxrjg, 1) tl&svton, &g vno&iosig, olov, qtolv faa 
tov advvarov dstxvvn(uv» Kal on ov yivstai xatu- 
' qscttixog ovXXoyiopog dta tovtov roi ozypatog * dXXi 
itartsg otfgfjttxol, *ptl olxtx^oXov^ xalolxata psQos. 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PMO«. LIB; t CAP. VI. 1$ 

CAPUT VI. 

*Otav tie t$ drvtcp to ju^^a^to W^dcWwro^ 
%u • ij a/tqpw Ttarr*, ij y^diifi* To p& tifty"* to tow 
oDtoy xaAa> to/top. 2. M&aov d* i» avttS Xdyto, xa& 
ov ccficpco xcnyyogoVpev axga 00 tot xarrjyogovpivaf 
fiu£ov 6' axgov to nogQmigov tov pioov • tAtxtrojr 
4e to iyyvtegov. 3. Ti&ncu 6i to pco/or 2&w pi* 
tux axgwp, toxatov 6s ttj &iaet. , 4. TiXuog {**r ©w 
ov yivttat ovXXoyiopbg ovdi iv xovxtp t$ a/tyiaTi,' 
5. Avvatbg tf total, xal xa&oXov xal py *a&6Xov. 
tcw ogav omtny ngbg to pioov. 6. Ka&oXov fit? 

OV* [OVTM TWV OQWP], OtOV Xal TO tl Xal TO P 1t09- 

%l Tft> 2vndgxn, [total ovXXoyiofjibg ,"] on utl tip JP 
tbnvriaoSto tit drnyxrig?£ntl ydg dvtiotgi<futb xatij- 
foqtxbv, vndgUt'to2 uplttf. P. "Slot intl t$ fib 2 
navtl to JT,t# Si P tivl to 2, dvdyxij, to U tw\ t$ P 
imdgxw yivnai ydg ovXXoyiopbg didtovngmov-oxr^ 
fiatog. *Eatt dixalfaa tov ddwdxovxal xov ix&io&ai 
noiuv ti\v anodetbv. El ydg afj.q>anartlt{p2v7ti*Q~ 
Zu t dv Xf)q>&y u xtov 2, otov to N, xovxy xal to IP 
«a* to P vnag&i • £oxb titl x$ P to H vndgtu. I. 1 
Kal ay to fib P narti tw 2, to di JI fiijdevl vrtdgr* 
Z*i, totat ovXXoyiofibg, oti to II twit § Povx vnajp-' 
Em 4£ dpdyxrjg. 'Oydq avtbgtgbnog totcutrjg dna» 
diteetag, dmargacpsla^g tyg P 2 ngotdouag. Jek 
X&tiij d' av xal did tov ddwdtov, xa&dntg M tfy. 
itgotigay. 8. 'Mdv di to fiir Ppifitvl,. TO 8i H nmm 
tlvndgxy T $ 2 > oix lata* avXXoyioftbg* "Ogot toy* 
vndgxuv, t&oy, Xnnog, Krfpwio?' tov pnvitigjt^t^ 

- 



14 ARI8TOTELI6 

(mow, 5ifrvz°v> Sy&gnnog. 9. Ovd', otow Sfupmua^ 
tn pydevbg tov 2 'Xiyrjtcth ovx tor a* ovlloytapog, 
*Oqq* tov vnaoxsiv, S&or, titnog, afvx 9 *' Tovjij 
iniqxwv, av&Q(tmog, Xitnog, Sipvx ** f**oor, ayttfo*. 
10. Qaytoby ovy,*(A ivtovitoty oxyptttmottsatai, 
xtunoxt ovx Zotcu ovXXoytopbg, xa&oXov twy oonr 
oruay. ".Otay piy yaq apfpottooi oi oooi coo* xornj- 
yoaixol, serai avlXoytapbg, on tivt vnaoxn to axqoy 
«$ axQ(p. "Otccv ds OTSQfjUxoi, ovx Zotcu. "Otav 
6* o piy r, 0T6Qi)itxbg, 6 di xataqwtixog" day piy 6 
ptifay yivqtai ottqtjtixbg, atiqog di natatpauxbg, 
sprat ouXXoytopbg, on tivl ovx vjuxqzu to- axqoy tw 
4x09. 'jSay 6' ayanaXw , ovx total, il.*£aw 6' 
i piy y xa&oXov nqb$ to psoov, b* iy piqu, xarij- 
yoqixtay piy ovtojv apcpolv, ayayxi\ , ylveo&ai ovXXo- 
ytapbv, av bnoteqooovy y jta&olov tuv oqw, 12. 
E&yaq to fUv P nartl tw '2vnaqx?*> vb di II tirl, 
avayxt) to H tivl t$ P vnuqxuy. J Eml yiq am- 
qtq&fu to xataqpatutbv , vitaqtu to 2 ttyl t$ IT. 
*JLot inel to ph P navil t£ 2, to di 2 tivl t$ /7, 
mal Tp Ptivl ty.H vn&oltr writ xal to II tivl tw 
JP. .13. JSaXtv, d to pkv P tivl t$ 2, to di II nav- 
%l vnaqxu [«J 2\ avdyxtj, to Uttvlttn Pvnaqx^iv * 
6 yiq avtbg tqonog tijg a7iod$l£$vg. 14. "Eoti d* 
anodu£cu xal diet tov advyitov, xal tjJ ix&iosi , xa- 
ddneq inltSiv nqptiqtay. &.*E&v d* b piv g xaty- 
yogixbg, di artQfiTixog, xa&oXov di b xatijyo- 
Qtxog • Stay piv b ildttwv rj xavqyoQixbg ,' total 
trvUoyiopog. El yaq to P naytl t$ 2, to di U Tt- 
rt/if vnagxBh <*v<xy*V> ™ Utiylty Ppy vnagxei*. 

Digitized by VaOOQiC 



ANALYT.tPRIOIt LIB* t CAP. VL m 

£i yuq nan*, xtd to Pnarti to) 2, xctl to U mawA 
%$ 2 vnaQ$8i • aXX* ovx vnyez** J%Uvytai d$ *oi 
ivtv rtjg cwaywyijg, ii* Xtiq&p t* wp 2, w to H pi 
vnaqxn. 16. "Qtow f 6 pti(onp y xmtqyoQmbs , ov* 
toxat, avXXojiapog • olov, u to pi» il navil vy 2 9 TO 
ds P xivl t$ 2 fit) wrao£ct. "Oqob tov nartl in£*+ 
Ztiv, tyywzop, av&Q«piog, £fior. Toy depqdw}, ov*' 
lau Xa/Silr ooovg, et tm piv vnaqx^ t$ 2 to P, w- 
rids fit} ' uyao nartl to II t# ^iniqxu M to & P 
w» to) 2, xal to Ilttrl tw P vndtfw wxixtno di 
ptjdevl vnaqxuv* ldX£,montQ 4v iotg aoortoo? * 2q* 
nuor • adioolotov yaq ottos tov tm py vnaqxw 
xal to pudsrl vnanxor, aXfjdig tinup, tivl py vniq* 
%eiv pydivl de vnao^qnog, ovx tpf ovXXoywpo$, 
[0aregby ovv, on ovx totcu o^XloytapojsJj 17. *B&9 
y 6 ortpijttxbg p xa&oXov jwv .boon * \b (k* iv piou 
xajfiyoQixog]' Ztar pev 6 psi£enr p ot^tmis, b di 
ilaxifay xatyyogixbg , sorcu ovXXoywppg. M yotg 
to n pifitvl t$ 2 t -ri di Pnvl v%aqx** t^ 2' toll 
tivl t$ P ovx vnaotei. IlaXir yaq Jhta$ to nqtotov 
ox^fia, tr\gP2nQoxaaifag ivTKnqaqulorig. 18." Ota* 
$8 b iXarnav p attqipixbg , ovx totai ovXloyiapog* 
Oqoi tov vnaqxnv, C*o*> ay&oamog, ayqiop'toipi 
vitiqxii», tcwv, imorqpt], ayqior. Mioot ds &pcpdtir t 
to ayqiov. 19. Ovb**, Star aptponqoi attqfftmol ti* 
^watr • ^ 8' b p&v xa&oXov, b d* fa piotu - OQQi>\toi 
fit} vnaQZMi*}, otav b iXartwrp xa&oXov ngbgto p** 
oov,j^ov t dniot^pfi t Syqiov*[TovvndQXf^fi^ov^r&fp^ 
*og, iyqwv\ % 20* "Otav di b p9 l£w $ xa&oXov, o So 
tXdnm? hpiqH* tov ph pi\ vxoqxuv, xboaS, jpm*. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



» .rr : ARI8TOTELI8 

jUvxoV. Tol 9* waoJM* oi* floro Xaft&v, d to P w\ 
jpfr InaQXH tw 2, w$ ft pif viiao/ii.' JSS. yio to il 
frayt* tqf P, to ft P tiW tw ^ xa* to /Z Tiv* t<jJ ^ 
&*tt^ n •• vntxtno ftpijoW. *JXt i* tov a&oo/arov 
fttxttor, 21. Oto* cb Htttgog urt T& (jiiow vnaqzy* 
*j pi) VTtdqzy ' V & (AW vn<XQX**> o ft py vndgx** * 5 o 
fur uvl, o ft /fty north rj adtogiottog^ov* Iota* at/A- 
loyta/»oc ovdap&g. "Oooi ft xom)} jraxrwy, {wox, «*• 
&gwtog, Xtokor* £&ox, uifwxov, Xtvxov'. 22. dtextoojr 
oJy, xa* 4r rtdvtoi tw ox*ipati7t6t* total, xal ftots oil* 
farat awJUo/iopo? * xa* 3t* izortwr t&y ogmv, &$ ikd~ 
Z\h\, yhstai vvlXoyto[Aa$ 4g dvdptyg • & t* J ovXXb* 
futpbtt foay*m tovt ogovg ovtwg ?^«y. 23. #<mooV 
ft xat, St* navitg atsXsig slot* 61 iv toutw tw qr,*}- 
/*at* oi/JUopwruof * navtsg yag teiUioi/yta* TroooAap- 
Savop&wytnwv * xa* on to xatftftot/ otMoj'/Jea^ai 
dta fovrov tov axifiotrog ovx Iota*, ovte otfoqtfxoxj 
e*8tt xatapanxdj'. 

CAPUT VII. 
Jfjlop- ftxeri ot* e? afjrao*' tolc oxW* 01 ** ° iav 
p%ybnt<H ovXXoyiOftbg, natrjyogix&v fih, tj ottgntt* 
xa»y afupoTfytoP, *at inl fisgsi ovtoip xmv oqgw, cvdh . 
Slmc ytvettxi ajctyxeiiov. 2. KatijybQtxov ft xal otepij- 
f *xou, xadoAov Aqqpd-fiVtOg rot; ots^tixov, ae* ylvtxa* 
cyXXoyiopog tov iXtxttovog Sxgov ngog to /iuSov. Olov p ' 
u to f«fr y* wart* 4 t# JB, ? Tiri, to ft J& /uiftrt t$ I s ' 
irtiatgapofiiveap yag t&v ngoraostov, dpa/xy, to X* 
TlWt^ A pt/ iituQxtiv. S.'Opoiag ft xa7tl twv higiar* 
(tXW<**ti*' ad'yuQ yhttai dia tyg dvrioTQocprJQ oviU 
loyuqiig. 4. ^Adi> ftxa^ on to adiOQioroyartUoi ' 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



AN ALTT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. Vtt 17 

xajfjyoQfxov tov iyjtiou xt&iptyoy twaitby notion 
avXXoytopoy h anagi toig qgqpaoi. 5. 4>ay$Qov di 
ual, on ndvxtg of dxd&g avlXoyiQiiolxiXtiovvxaidia 
tov nqwtov ozypuxog. *Hyao duxxtxng, % diet xovadv- 
vdxov, ntoaboyxai ixamg* afiipoxioug Si yiytxai xo 
uq&xov ozwv. Xal dtutnx&g fdy ztluovfiiytay, on 
d*a trig aroorpoipjjf? ImqaJvovto name* q d' am- 
GTQotpri to nornxo* inoiu qjfjjjpa. dia di tov advyatov 
tetxpv(i9mr on, xt&ivxog tov ysvdovg, 6 ovlloytofiog 
yiy $xai dw tott notitovozwoiog * olov iv Ttji xtl*vxa(y 
ozypaxi, si to A xal to B navtl ttprinaozth Snip 
A nvl f iff B vkuqxu. JEX yao pydtvl to A t£ B, to di B 
navtl t$ r, ovdwl to) r to A' all* tjy navxl. 'Opoiag 
di xal 4nl xwr allw. 6* "firm di xal ayayayu* 
narsag trig avlXoyiofioig ug toig Ay x^nqmxtf ogt}- 
pan xa&alov ovlloyiopovg* 7. Ol pi* yao iv. xy 
dtvxiQ(a t q>avtoov, ondi 6t*ty*>yx$l*iovrxar nXqyovz 
ouolmg navxtg • all' oi uiv xadolov, tov oxifyxutov 
ayttoxqaqptytog* tmy d\ iy piqu btdxtgog diet xr\g tig 
to idvvuxov anayoipis* & Old* ivx$ xtQmatoixata 
uiooginitBUtovrtatuiyxaldi iavx&y soxidi xal dia 
tQvdtvtioovozfluatogdnxyvyai ug advyatov anayov- 
tag. CSov, tixo Anavtl x$ B, to di B nyl x$ r, on to 
Awl *w r [imaoSu]. J& yao pudtvl, t» di B navtl, 
oidtvl x$ Txo B vndqln ' xovvo yaq Voumv dia tov 
dmniqov ozyuatog. 'Qpoliog di xal inl tov axtoqxi- 
kov faicu i) anodu&ig. J& yao to A fmdwl i# B, 
to di B nyl ty r vnaozti, to A xivl t$ Tovz inao- 
c"w t» yao navxl, xy di B pqjwj, vnaqzn, ovdtyl 
ttf r to B vnaoSu: xovxo dl %* to uiooy oxriP a > 
. Amst. Anal. B 

Digitized by GoOgle 



18 ARISTOTELIS 

m /late, &ml o! uh hr r$ peaqi oxyfiettt ovXXoyuTfiol 
nuvj^g dvdyovtm ugrovg ^twtt^wtw xa&oXov ovX* 
toyiapovs* ol oe nmit pioog b t# ?*£€*&», eig vovg iv 
t$ (idoy <pav$o6v, on xal oi xcttm pdqoQ avax$y<ror- 
%m tig tovg iv tot rcowrtp G%y(iaTi xa&6Xov ovXXoyt- 
Ofiovg* 9. OS 8' iv iw jqh<a t xa&oXov p$v ovxoyy voiy 
o^wv, ev&i/g imrtlstovvTat di ixdvow tmv ovXAoyt- 
opwv. 10. "Ortff #' & /w«^w Xrjy&xaeiy dtp tw ^r p*- 
o ft QvXXoyiVfifo* twv &> tw ngiorta oxJfrvtfVovThi Sidvtj- 
Z&yaav dg ixilvovgr wns xctl oIJvtm to/t^ o£ityp<ro 
of **r« fidoog* . 11. 4>avt$bv ovv 3 o*t ndvxeg aya~ 

X&yoovtcii elg tovg iv tt» hqw<$ oxrtfwu xa&elovovX- • 
Xoyioftovg* 12. Ol /tisy ©w war ovXXoyiafLoJv vndp- 

jjwiy ij /ui} vn&qxuvj dnxvvvTtg, tibial, nmg l%tyJh 
xalxatf itrviovg mi* tat) avtov axnt*<**og, xal ngbg 
aXlovg ol & fab* frfioiw, x«* w£©s aMijAavs. 
CAPUT VIII. 
^EwcJ ^ rtfodV low vnoyoxw w, xa# ft dviyxyg 

w&qxiiV) xal Mixw&tti VTidpxW (»oWi yip 

vndoxM per, ovftdvroiiSitvayxw iW oiV rflwdy- . 

xij$, ©{/#' vniqxn ok(ag, 4vbix&** 4' vjtaqxuv ') #}• .. 

lor, on xa* avXXoyiojibg ixdotov.tom&v hegog %<rton, 

x»l ovx bfioltag ixovtmv top ogcav dtf o ftiv i£ dray- 

xctkov 6 d* $Svn€tQX°r*w* b d* i£ 4vdtxQpdyw. 2. . 

'EttI jib ovvtwv dvayxaitiv ox%$b.v bfioiag %x H *■£ 

inljwv vTTaQXwW* &Q«v*w yog ii>&*p$*mv tw . 

©lew IV total VTtaojpt)', *t$livT$i$£vmy*ygvnaQX*aF; ;. 

ij /tTj vnaqxew, eoTcu « ««« oiJx lorai av&oj'Ui/ioV . 

friUp' flwiiw Tft) ngooxuv&ou xoXg bgotgtb i^nvdyxrjg . 

vrtaqxuv, ^ p i vndqxuv. 3. To, t« /ao ou^i^tcmo/ . 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. L CAP. IX. 19 

woavttag avTiotgiyw xtxlrb l» oh» tlvcu, x«» to xa^~ 
fa nc&tbg, bpofag (mod woo pur. *Ev plr ovv vote- £jU 
Xoig tbv avtbv toonop deix&fjatton did tt)g Avtto*oo~ 
q>r\g, on to ovfurioaopa dvayxaio?, wcrrtsg &d xox> 
vnagxuv. *Ev ds tw ftiom oxypath otavjl tb-xoy&olov' 
xataopattxbv, to fl* iv pigu atsgrftixov • xa* 9raAj>> A» 
t^ tp/iw, otop to pi* xa^oXov *OL-n\yogvxbv y to £' fr 

fW£6* OT8QTITIXQV, OV% OflolfOg feOTOf* 17 axrodetltg* aJU? 
avayxij, fadsfisvovg, w co* ixtmpov p^ vndqx^h xa- • 
*a tovtov noriiv tbv ovXXoyiopov Hotou-ydo amy-' 
KaToff &*» tovtov. JE* Ji x<*2 xaii tov ixti&dvtog Arrb» 
avayxdlog, xotl xorr ixtlvov tipog • to yap ixte&sv, 
ontg ixuvo ti ioif y fasten di tmt qvXXoytapfa Ixo* 
Ttooff frtTqi oMt/^ oxnpw 

CAPUT IX. 
ZSvpflabsk 9i note, xal ttfg ttegag ngoTttattog 
wuyxalag ovotjs, avayxoilov yhea&ai top ovXXoyt- 
fjfiov tiXtjv ovx bitorigag %Tv%tv, dXXa tjjg nqbg ti 
fisliov Sxqov. 2. 0\ov, si to fiiv A r$ B l| dvdy* 
*r\g etlrjTFtou vndgxov, % (ty xmdqxov * to 6*4 D t$ 
X" vndgxov povop* ovtmg ydq tiXrjfifitvcov rtov rcpo- 
taottav, i£ dvdyxrjg *o ^t t# JF V7*dgteh jj ovx tindo- 
£«. 'jBttcJ yao ttarrt tw 2? II dvdyxTjg vndgx*h % oix 
bnagxei to A, to de F tl t&v B iatl, yarioow, oti xa) 
to F # apdyxrjg eotat &dtsgov tovray. 3. Jg? 64 to 
luvAB py totw dvayxctlov, tbdk B F dwxyxdtov, 
ovx torcti to ov/inigaofia dvayxetior. JEl yag earat, 
vvppjjostat,, to A rw\ tmB yndqx*** i§ avdyxrig Sid 
ti tov ngtotov xal tov tghov oxwottog. Tovto Si 
fivdog* Mixttaryao toiovtoy efoa* tb*B, qfiyjW?*' 

B2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



20 ARISTOTBLIS 

to A pyfal vn&QXW. "£ttdexal ix tip oocwopayfoor, 
Zn ovx lorai to avfmi^aajia ayayxctiov. Olov, u to 
fUr A *l'v xtpyotg, to d* B, Jwoy 4<p w d$ to r, av- 
•&Qwnoe' &aop pbyaq o ap&qwtog i$ avayxr}s toti: 
Mputat dk to S/nov ovx i£ avayxw old* 6£r&Q*>nog. 
4. 'Opoi&g di xal u QTiQ^iixov fXr\ toAJB'fj /«o avrrj 
cm6dn$ig. 5. *£n\ di imp h ffye^ ovlXoyioji&v, ft 
ps? to xa&oXov ioxlp ipayxalop, xal to ov/UKtoao/ia 
fowu avayxalop' si de to xoua pioog, oix uvayxalop, 
ovtc arcoQTixq?; o,ir$ xatyyoQixris own}? tiJ$ xa&olov 
nqotaoHag. 6."£oTta dy ngitopto xa&olov avayxai- 
ov,xal to fiiv A nartl t$ B VTiao/aiw & aya/xi}?, to 
£t Z* t*k* t$ T vvaqxiza povoif arayxy dy, toAtipl 
t# r vna{>xuv l\ avayxw to yao JT wo to B iarl, 
t£ ft £ aarrt to ,4 vnrtfx** H ipiyxyg. 7. 'Opolwg 
di xal, $1 are^fjiixbg tl'n o ovXXoyiofiig • ij ;*ao avTiJ 
larai au6d$&g* 8. ,E* di to xaia p4po? &?** oW/- 
*a*ov, ovx Iotcm to avpntyaopa apayxulop* oidiv 
y&p advpautp ov/mlmci, xa&ajitQ [wo" J & t©7$ *a- 
^o^ov wUo/ujpoZf. Q.'Opolwg di xal fai rip artf q- 
tixw. "Gooi, «^y<ri?, {fto*, JUu*oV. 
CAPUT X. 
*Euldi tov^svxiqov axvf^atog, u /*& i} ortoqTtxi} 
nqotaalg ioxip avayxalu, xal to ovfinipaqpa tgrat 
*v*y*ttiov' ti d* y xttrqyoQixy, ovx avayxaiop. 2. 
Jftiw y«o ffottw ^ mtfTjuxri apayxala, xal to X 
t$ fihBnT)d»l ipdixio&m, t$ M rwa^Mjuoroy 
fariovr ayztor^tiTooTfo^TMco^ o«£c to B i$ A ©v- 
dfpl bdextictt- to di^ TioyrJ z<£ {* vnaoxu ' max ov- 
dtr» tfrto B ipdizvat • to yor^ r vwo to u* tofr. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. X. 21 

S.'jloataugde xai, tt ngbg T$\TT*fre/ijTo otiqtitmov 
tl ybo to A f*t)dtvl t# rbdixttat> ovdi to JTo^i^i 
t§ u< iyxwgti* to 6*« .4 7r«rr» t$ Bxm&QX*** wot* ov- 
&*>* t$ J3 to .T ivdixitai ' ylvixm yaq to ng&xor a/ij- 
fta nuXiv. Ovx Sga[ov8t]xbBrmF % imcrgiq>u yap 
Ofioiag. 4. Eld' rj xatriyoqixq ngoxaolg ioxiv avay- 
xalct, ovx total to ovftnigaofia avayxotoy. 'Tnagxixto 
yao to .4 7r«rri t& B i$ avaytcijg, t# M JT /*ij6**>$ 
vnagxvtw povor. *Avxutxgaq)ivxog ovvxov oxtgr t xtxov, 
lb nqtoxov ylvtxai o/^/4a. Atdtixxai IP if tw ff0<»T4», 
ok, pi) dvayxatag overjg xyg ngbg xm (ttiSori OTtgtjrt- 
xyg, ovds to ovpniqaafia eota* dvayxouop. "flat ovd 9 . 
inl xovxwy toxat i$ avaynr\g. 5.*En d', u to ovpni- 
gaofid ioxiv avayxator, ovppahtt t to 1* Tiy* tw .4 p^ 
vnaqxtiv 4$ avdyxrig. El yag to J3 t$ rTiijfcytvTOxp- 
j« £ ayayx7)$, ovds to T x$ B ovfcvl vndg$u ($ 
avayxrig. To di yt B xivl tw A &vwyx*{ vntxQxnv, *f- 
rce^ xa» to .4 mm* twB^J drayxyg inrigxtv. "Jl<m 
to JT avdyxrj xivl Tt*T -4 ^ vndgxttv, 9 AXX* ovdev x»- 
Aw*, to A totovtor Xrjy&yvai, ta navxl to rtedsxticu 
vndgXW. 6."jB«, x$y ogovg ix&i(Uifov tin du$ai t 
St* ovx law to avfuitigatffiot ayayxotio* anting, akXd, 
xoixtav ovttov, avctyxmoy. (Aov, ear» to .4$ ((Soy • 
to da B, Sv&gemog • to di P, Xtvxov* xat ai ngoxd- 
ong opoiwg tiXw&GHrav. *Evd$xsxat [ydg ] to {Jwo* 
jui^sri Anrx$ vndgxw* Ovx vndghi drj ovd * o »y- 
dgnytog ov&wl If vxw, *X£ ovx tf$ dvdyxr^g • &&j£t- 
fat y«(j av&Qvmov ywia&ai Xwxov t oifwv to<* Iwc 
oy to &3o* pydtvl Xtvxcji vnigxy "Jl**$,rovrwv piv 
inw, avayxctio* tatat xb ovpnigaoittf, anXvg 9\ 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



XI ARISTOTELIS 

• ovx avayxaiov. l.'QpoUog 6° IS** xal M *f»v iv^ 
get avXXoytap&v. "Qxa* pw yag y oxegrixtxrj ngbxtir- 

. mg xa&oXov t« #, xal hvayxala* xalxb ovpnigaopa 

toxat arapteuov. "Oxav M y xuxyyogixy xa&oXov 

rs 17, xal avay*ala, y ds extgyxixij xaxa fiigog, [xal 

ovx awayxala] ' ovx taxat xb ovpnigaofia avayxaiov. 

s &."Ean»ifi ng&xov^ oxsgyxtxyxa&oXov xsxalavay- 

. xaia, jro* to A t$ fdv B ovdevl &<k*ea#<» indgztiv, 

. r<£ di r tivl vnugxexa ' inel ovv uvxtoxgiyet to ore- 

fijxtxbv, ovdexb B x$ A ovdtvl ivddxotx av indo- 

. %sw xbdi A xivlry rvuagxw wax «£ dvdyxyg'xi^ 

vl tw rovxiiTtngxu xb B. 9. JldXiv, eaxa y xaxr^ 

yogtxy xa&oXov re xal avayxaia, xal xeiu&w ngbg 

T$ B to xaxyyogtxbv* eMy xb A navxl t<J B £ 

avdyxyg vmcgx**, xw d& Pxtvl w vnvgxef oxi ovx 

vndgZei xb B xtvlx<5 r, yavsgov • ak£ ovx i$ dvdy~ 

Hrjg 9 ol ydg avxol ogot laovxai ngbg xr\v anodt&v, 

r ofaeg inl xav xa&bXov ovXXoyiGfiJav. 10* AXX ovd t 

fi xb oxegyxtxbv dvayxawv ioxiv iv fidget Xtjq}&b, 

* [ovx] hvra* xb ovfATiigaofia avayxaiov. Ava yog %6»v 
avxwv ogw ?/ anbdw£ig. 

CAPUT XI. 
*Ev dl *$ xsXtvxalto axw au > xa&oXov fib Svxav 
xwr bgwv ngbg xb pdaov, xal xaxy^ogixwv a^oxdqmv 
xnv ngoxaotoav> iav bnoxsgoeovv $ avayxalog 9 xal xo 
cvftnigafffta taxat avayxaiov' iav de xo (abv g ottoy- 
tutor, xb dd xaxtiyogixQV oxavfdvxb oxsgfixtxbv avay- 
%alav<p f xal to ovftnigaopa taxat .avayxaiov • oxav 
<J»to xavriyof^bv, ovxMazat avayxaiov. 2. "Eaxwoav 
yag i(»q>6x9fat xaxyyoqtxal ngmov at ngoxdaug. 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XI. ;23 

xal to A xal to B nuvti %$ T vTtovgx&ih ivvyxoftov 
d Iotcd to AT' intl ovv to B navtl T(f> JP V7tug%ti, 
xal 10 r Jivl tw ,B vndghh &« *Q dvttotgdtpstv to 
xa&oXqv ta xata jiigog. *JZoV «* 7r«j>T* tiTi .T to .4 «S 
. avayxrjg vndgxti, *"* *o T tap B wl, xal to At$B 
. tivl dvayxaiov vndg%uv ' to ydg B vnb to i' tori. 
rivet cu ovv to 7J£&tov o^^ua {wxilf ?]. 3. t Opolwg di 
dux&ilastai, xal si To B rioth* ivotyxalov dvnotgi- 
<pst ydg to T%$ A uvi 9 wot u navtl t$ JTtb B4S 
dvdyxr^g v^igx^h [*• $* -T T<$ .4 Tifi]/ *«J t£ A twl 
to B vndg&i «£ dvdyxift. 4# JldXiv lata to ^«r ^>.T 
OTfoijTtxoi' • to ds B rxaruqimutov dvayxwov ds to 
otsgyjixov inel ovv avtto*gi<p$t [to xarayomxhv, 
lorai] tivl tt$ B to JT, to $s A ovtitvl r$ V 4$ avay- 
xyg, oydi t$ B tivl V7tdg$u-i£ avdyxyg to A • to yog 
B vnb to T eotiv. 5. Bids to xatyyogixbv avayxaiov, 
. ovx I'otai to avftnigaopa dvayxaiov. "Botwyug to B 
T xattjyogixbv xal dvayxaiov • to tie A r attg^xixovj 
xal ny dvayxaiov * insl ovv avttotg&ptk to xcttaya- 
tixov, indgtti xa* to T tivl t$B e£ dvdyxty. "Jlot «* 
to fiiv A ftTjdevl t« r> to da rtivVtq M^vndgxu], 
xal to A tivl Tfti B ovx indg£e* • &X£ ovx tf avay~ 
xr\g* didsixtai ydg iv tw ngvmo oxy/tati, oil, tr^g 
ottgfittxijg ngotdotfaa py dvuyxalag owjrfg y ovie to 
GVpnigaafia sotoj* dvayxaiov, 6. "En da xal diet 
mv ogav Sv sl'if (pvrtgpv. "Jtotatia ftiv A,iya4koir to 
.3« B, {too* *to for, Xnnog.' to jjlw ovv ttya&ov iv&i- 
Z*tai prifovltyrity vnagxw to di£px>v iv&yxri ttmv- 
tlynaigxw aiX oix (kvayxy, j$iv tipy tivat »y»* 
&bv, umg bbixtwt nw iJvatdyu^6v 9 n Jf$*^tovto 

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24 AiUSTOTELlS 

dvpixrop, alia to iyoftfooivai, 1} to xa&tv&up, 3qo* 
&niov anctr yog tmordtxuxo* rovrtov. 7. Elpippvr 
of oooi fta&oAotf Troof to /ie'ffoy jlcwy, effUfTai, troro 
foTttt to ovpnigaepa avayxatot. 8. El ft* o pip 
xa&oXov' o d* h pign, xuTTjyogix&v pbtoptiav apyo— 
tig&p, Stw to *o#oiloi/ ysvyiat avayxaiov, xal to 
avpnigaapa carat apayxaior. *Axo8ti£tq d* y avxtj, 
r\ xal ngongop • ajniorgiyn yag xal to h pign xa- 
tijyoQixop. El ovp arayxy, to JB 7ravT* t$ rvrtaq- 

^M?, TO & .4 VffO TO J* lOTlV, CtVttyXT), TO JB Ti*# t£ A 

viidgXiiV ti 8* to B*t& A Tivl, xal to A tw JB TtvJ 

vnagzup uvvyxdiof aptiatgiipu yag, 9. 'Opoi&g 

. Si xal H*b A T $r\ apayxaiop, xadplov op • to yio> 

JB VWO TO JT &FT&\ 10. £ft & TO #? /U«p6t foriV oVa^- 

xaiov, ov* carat [to] avpnigaapa apayxaiop • "Gat® 
fay to JB r iv piqu T8 xal avayxatop, to oc -4 jiov- 
T* t<J X v*i«o*«tw, /uij> acV to* & avayxw ayrtorga- 
gpirtog ovp tov B JT, to rco&Toy ylvstm ozvp* * * ft ^ 
ij ftcV*adoAov ngoraaig ovx apayxala* y 8' h pigf* 
uvayxatct* "On d* ovtu$ l/oiey at rcooraociff > ov* 
"ijy to avpnigaapa apayxaiop • war ovd' tot Tovrom 
11. *jEt* & *at Ik t»i> ooo)* (paptgop. *Egrm yag to 
fieV A, iygyyogoig'TO 8i B, dtnovp* itp $ 8i to J\ 
£uoy* to /usr ovy JB nvl tw T apayxt\ vnagz*w> to 
^e ^1 Trarr} t£ jT cVd&CTOt fvnotgzsiv'], *<** ™ -^ *<? 
JB ovx apayxaiop • ov yag arayxrj, dlnovp ti x«£cv* 
•$«*, if «Voij/oocVa*. 12. 'Opolag 8i xal 8iawp ew* 
«£y oow dttx&iosxait xal uih AT «l*if lr ^<p ft Ti 
«or* avayxat&Pk 15* 2# d* o ftiv xainyoQixos* o M 
nrjf 9Ttxo$ w3y ©ow k oioy pip p to xa&oioy trngir 



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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XII. * $5 

ttxop Tt xal dvayxatov, xal to avpnigaapa Iota* 
avayxaiop. Mydg to A t% rpr}dtrl ivdixerai, to 
6iJSti.pl tw rinaQZ*h to A t$vl tw B drdyxrj py 
vnaqxMV* 14."0t«v di to xatatpatutop dpayxaiop 
tt&jj, 1} xa&oXov or, ij tV pigei • ij ™ ottgiputiv xn» 
tit pigog • ovx tar at to avpnigaapa dpayxaiop* To 
pip yag alia ta avid, a xalinl tmp ngotigmp igoth* 
ptp* ogot fl% otap flip 5 to xa&oXov xatriyogtxop 
avayxaiop, iygyyogatg, imp, av&gamog* piaop, a*- 
&Q(a7tog. *Otap d' ip pign to xamyogmop d>ay- 
xcuov, iygrjyoooig, Hop, Xtvxop • Z&op pip yagdpdy* 
xi\ twl iwx$ vnagzup • iygyyogoig ti' ivdezerou py- 
dipt* xa$ ovx avdyxri, tipl Zwypri vndgxttp iyg*h 
yogoip. "Oiap di to ottgqttxbp tr pigti op apay- 
xaiop $, dlnovp, xivrjoig , $ioop m piaop , tfaop, 15. 
GaptQOP ovv, oth tov pip vndgx ilv ovx taxi ovXXo* 
ytopcg, iap pi apa>6nga* moip al ngotdattg iv t«J 
vndgx*w* tov d 3 apayxaiov iatl, xal tyg itigagpo- 
pop dvayxalag ovoqg. 16. *Ev apyotigoig di y xal 
xaiaqtattxwv xal ottgyttxiap ovtuip imp avXloyiap&p, 
(**dyxrj t tr}phigap ngotaaw opolap Jpat tw ovpne- 
gdapatt. Aiya d^to opoiav u pip vndgzop, vndg- 
Xovaav* tl b* dv ay xcuov, dpayxalap. "Jlote xal toS- 
to dtjXop, on ovx Koto* to avpnigaapa ovi apay* 
xaiovy ovi indgxop thai, pn Xnqp&tiarig dvayxalag, 
*l vnagxovoijg ngoidawg. 17* Utgl pip ovp tov 
dvayxalov, natg ylvtiai, xal tlva dutyogdp *x** n <?°? 
*• v»«Wf°^ tfgqtai ox*dov Ixap&g, - 
CAPUT X1L 
JItgl di tov frdtz°f**vov ptti tavta Myoopsr, 

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26 ARISTOTELIS 

nox$, xal nwg, xal did xlvtov Xaxah avXXoyiopog, 2. 
Aiyta d' ivdixto&ai, xal xb ivdsxdfisvov, ov p,ij ovxog 
avayxalov , xs&ivxog d' vndgxttv , ovdiv eaxat did 
xovx ddvvaxov to ydg avayxalov hfioitv^wg Mi- 
£eo#cu Xiyofisv. 3. "Oxt 3i xovx ioxl xb' ivdtyofts- 
vov, (pavsgbv ex xt x&v ano<pdo8<av, xal tSv xaxaepd- 
amv x&v avxixttfiivtav. To ydg ovxivdixexaivnag- 
Xsw, xal aSvvaxov vndgxuv, xal avdyxrj ftfj vhdg- 
ZSiv, ijxoi xavxd ioxiv , j} dxoXov&H aXXyXoig •" &ox8 
xal xd dvxtxslfitva xovxoig, to ivdixsxat vndgxtiv~l *«l 
" ovx aSvvaxov vndgxBiv, xal ovx avdyxrj pfivndgxiiv, 
% xavxd taxai, rj dxoXov&ovvxa iXXrjXoig • xaxd nor- 
th? ydg ^ xaxdqpaoig rj r) anoxpaalg iaxw. **Eoxai> 
aga to ivdtxofitvov ovx avayxalov • xalxb fty avay~, 
xalov ivdfxofitvov, 4. Svfipalvu Sk ndoag- tag x&- 
t« to ivdixso&at ngoxdvtig dvriaxgiyttv dXXtjXcug. 
uiiya Ss ov xdg xaxaqpaxixdg totig dnocparMalg, aXi? 
ooai xaxayaxixbv c^ovo* to oxypa, xaxd xrjv dvtl&£- 
atv • oIof to ivdix$o&at vndgxtiv tw Mexto&ai pr) 
vndgxstv xal xb navxl IvdexsO&ai xw tvdixw&ai fiy- 
dtvlfij firj navxl* xal xb tivl Tea {iij tivh tbv'avxbvdi 
tgonovxal inl xav aXXav. . *£ntl ydg to ivdtx$!*t- 
vov ovx faxiv avayxalov • to 8$ fit) avayxalov iyx<*~ 
gfi fit) indgxsiv qpavtgbv, oxi, el ivdixsxai xoAxti B 
vndgxuv, ivdixexai xal fiij vnagx^tv xal el navxl $v- 
dixsxat vndgxtiv , xal navxl ivdixttai fir) vndgz*tv. 
c Ofioltog $8 xal Inlt&v ivpign xaxacpdutnv • fj'^dg 
avxr) anodtilig, JSfol J' al toiavxai ngotdfjng xa- 
xyyogixotl, xal ov arsgyTixal' x6 ydg biix*o&m r» 
thai bfiolwg xdtXixat l xa&dftsg iXix&t) nqoxtgov. 



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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB.J. CAP. XII. 2T 

5. JioagiOfihfovde rovrtav, ndXiv Xiympw, in to if- 
dix^od-ai xard 8vo Xiysrai' rgbnovg • tva ph to tog 
. iitl ro noXv yiveo&at, xal diaXtlmw to itvayxalov 
{o\ov to noXiovo&ai av&gvmov, tj avZdveo&at, ^Jg>#/- 
vttv, *j oXwg to mq>vxog vndgxw rovro ydg ov 
ovvbxes ph fyst to dvayxalov, 8td to pi) ael ttvai to* 
av&QWJiQV ovrog phtot, dv&gtonov, fj l| avdyxr}$, 
V) &g £nl to noXv ioriv •) aXXov 8k tgonov to dogtoror, 
o xal ovrtag xal pr) ovxtog 8vyarov* oloy to padi£up 
%wov, rj to (lu8ftovrog ysvio&ai otiopbp, r\ SXng to 
dnb tvxvs ywopwov. OvSiv ydg paXXov ovrtog ni- 
(pvxev, tj ivccviLcag. G.^Avrwrgkpu ph ow xard 
rag avrixupivag ngordasig ixdrtgox t«* Msx ?******* 
ov pr\v tor avrov yz rgonov, aXXd to ph mcpvxog 
ilvat tw pr) il dvdyxrjg vndgxew ovrot ydg iv8ix*~ 
rai pr) noXiova&ai av&gtanov • to 8* aogiotovry pq- 
8h paXXov ovrwg, rj ixeivwg. 7. 'Einortjpr] 8i xal 
ovXXoyiapog dnoStixuxbg rwv ph dogiarw ovxsort, 
diorrb/araxroy slvat to pioov r&v 9i ntaivxortov 
%&&f Kal ax^Sby ol Xbyot xal at oxitfteig yivovrat 
ittgl rwv ovrwg Mix°^ VMV * Exdvmg 8* iyxhgt? 
ph ywio&ai ovXXoyiapov, ov pf)v ttto&i ye (frr&- 
o&au 8. Tavra ph ovv dioQio&rjaerai paXXov iv 
rotg Inopivotg. Tfvv 8s Xiytoptv, note, xal nag, xal 
rig scroti avXXoyiopbg ht r&v ivSsxophwy ngordoetov. 
9. *E7ttl ,8k to ivSdxeo&ai, roSs'ruSs indgxeiv %iX®g 
ioriy ixXapuv (rj ydg, to vndgxu t*8t, ^, $ Mt- 
X**ai avrb vndgxttv to ydg, xa&* ov to J3 , to ,J& 
ivdixio&m, tbvvov orjpafai &dtHgov, ij, xa& ov Xd- 
ftrai to B t y, xatf ov h8ixstai Xeyto&at • to^c, xa& . 



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28 ARIST0TEL1S 

o J to B, 10 A Mixw&cu, y, navtl tw JB to A iy- 
X&Qflv, ovdev diaipion* QavtQov ovv, ot* dixat? £p 
Xiyoito to J tw B rapt* ivdixea$cu vnagxw ') **ow- 
tov ov* eVnioftw , d , xa&* ov to r, to B bdizsrai, 

Xal Xa& Olf TO B, TO -4, T& foTttl Xttl ItoloQ OvXXo- 

yiopog. Ovtw ydo at ftooTaaet? a/*<poifo«t Xctfi- 
pdvovtai xata to 4vdixto&ai. ™Otav ds, xa&* ov to 
BvnaQX&> T0 Aivdixn*ctf y fiiv vnagxovoa, q d' 
iydexop&ii iatlv. "Jlox into twv Ofioiooxf^iovav £q- 
xtiov, xadansg xa\4vtotg aXXotg. 

CAPUT XIII. 

"Otav ovv to A navtl t$ B ivdixsteu, *«* to B 
navtl t$ r, OvXXayioftbg 'dotal tiXtu>g, ot* to A nav- 
tl tw r ivdexetai vndoxuv. Tovxo di tpavBgbv 4k 
xov bgiofiov' to yog ivdixsodox navtl vndoxnv ov- 
*t»g iUyofitv. 2. 'Opoiatg d$ xal, ti to fiiv A ivtidxe- 
tai tirjdsvl tw B, to b*i B navtl t£ JT, ot* to A ivdi- 
Xttoti firjdevl tw J7. To yao, xa&' ov to B ivd*x*xat> 
to A fir) ivdixta&ai , tovto r\v to prfikv anoXtinitv 
TcSy vnb to B ivdfxoftiviav. 3. "Otav di to A navtl 
tw B ivdixytai, to tfi B ivdixqTcu uydsvl t<w JT* fta 
ftey T«5y tlXfifipivtov ngotdotoav ovdclg ylvttai ovXXo- 
ytopog • cxi'TiOTjpaqpctoig; fle Tijs £ J* xata to iv&xe- 
o&ai, ylvstat b avtbg, Santo xal ngot$gov * 4ml yap 
4»dix*tai to B fiqdtvl tw r vndgx*tv * 4vb**X**™ * a l 
ttavtl vndgx&v tovto yag sJ'o^ra* ngoxsgav wot« 
tl to fiiv B navtl t§ r, to di A navtl toT B , ndXiv 
i avxog yivtrcu avXXoytopog. 4* € Ouoiwg d* xal, tl 
nobf ipqtotigag ta* jrooTaaws n £no<pomg tc^c/i; 



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ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB, t CAP. XIII. TO 

pita tov irdixso&ai. Aiy® di, olov, si to ph A h- 

dsxntxi pydtvi t§ B, xai to B pi\*tv\ tw JT. ^a 

pi* oww elktjppsvw nootaawvoidtlgyivttaiavX- 

Xoyiopog • artiojoeyopiviov fle, naXiv 6 avibg tar at, 

wantq xa* ngongov. 5. tfavepbV ovy, oti, trjg otto- 

yaotmg Ti&tpivqs ngog to ftaTToy expo? , i? »po{ 

iptpotigag tag ngotaattg, -? ov ybttai ovXXoywpog, 

ijj yfriTca pi?, aU ov t&cio? • & yap T?e axTioTpo* 

yj}$ moalvncu to ara/xator. 6. -Eav fl« *J J*** *a- 

#olov t«j> Tr^oTttfffwy, 5 5' Ir /ilpe* *W^?? > n Q°* 

pip to /mfry axpov ftCJficVqf tj}? xa^oiov, avJioyi- 

oyios Sara* riXtiog. 7. £* yap to A navxl t$ B h- 

OtffTca, to *« B wl tw r, to -4 tm4 t$ JTtVAfrrau* 

tovto fl« qpavrpi* & tow opfopov tov [way?*] Mix*- 

o#a*. 8. JZaA**, «* to .4 irdixneu pndivl Tig Z?,to 

ft* JB wi T<5 r hdsxercu vn£gx*w> avayxri, to A iv- 
%. A , _.- », * * * . *~ix*.t.~ x* & «.,»._ 




ouolug 

txaatp • oloy, to ph A nuvil tw J? Mixnxai, to W ^ 
tw\ t$ r tVdtafTaf pq vnaQxnv ' &a P *" ™ y lUqji- 
piwv ngoiaouav ov ylvttat [yavtgo g] oyXXoytopog ' 
arriatqaytiorig fl« **& & P*(? u > *?* ii&svtog tov & 
twi t$ r 4vdix*o9ai vwap/u* t0 avro^Iora^ iwfir 
nigaapa y o xa* arpowpoy, xa&antQ iv toXg i$ agxyfr 
10. *JEay *J ij wpif to /utffov axf©* J* pigt* ^^jj* 
^ da wpoff to HetTToy xw^oioi^ ' lav w ijiyoTspa* 
»ar«o;aT*xa2 t^wom', lav t« (yrtpijnxaJ, l«V t% pn 
opotoax^uovtg • lay ti afapetegnn afaooiatoi, ij Ka- 
*a uiqog- ovdap&t mfto* ovUayw^off' ovWr yap 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



30 ARISTOTEL1S 

xdXvuTQ B vnegtelpeip tov A, xal pij xatfjyogeta&as 
In Xdwv • $ di vntQTiivu to B tov A, elXrjqp&ai to JT. 
TovTtp ydg ovu naptl, ovte pydevl, ovte py tipt cy- 
dixttav to A vndgxup " ttntg dptiatgdq>ovaip al Ka- 
ra to ipdixta&ai ngotdaetg ' xal to B nXeioaip Ms- 
X**m t V *b A , vndgxew. Exi de xal ix tap ogcop 
(pavsQov ovtta yag ixovo&p tup ngotdaetop, tott^w- 
to> j$ ioxdtqt xal ovdepl ipdix^tat, xal naptl vndg~ 
Xuv apayxalop. "Ogoi, de xoipoI ndptmp tov pip 
findgxeip i$ dvdyxtjg, (wop, Xevxop, ap&gomog'itov 
di prj ivdixw&cu, tfbov , Xsvxop, luduop, &aveob* 

* o " t r ./ ma -a 

oyp, oti, tovtoy xop tgonop txoptap tup ogtup , ov— 
delg ylvttat ovXXoyiopog. *H ydg, tov indgjeup , »} 
tov i£ apdyxtjg, % tov ivdixw&cti, nag iati ovXXoy*- 
<fpig r Tov fiev ovp vndgxetp, xal tov dpayxaloy, 
ipavtgov, oti ovx lor.w 6 pip ydg xatayatixbg avcu- 
guiai t$ oztQTiTixtti - o de ategijtixeg ta xatayotTt- 
x{ " Xz'mixcu dy, tov ipdexea&ai ejpai * tovto di «dv- 
vaxov dihzixtai $dg, oti, ovtwg ixovttov t&p ogwv, 
xal naptl t<3 ioxixjw to ngmpv, dvdyxr\ , xal ovdepl 
ipdixw&ai vnAg&tp. "jlot ovx dp sly tov ivM**- 
a&ai ovXXoyiopos'. .. To' ydg dpayxaiov ovx rp ivde- 
Xopeypp, 11. ftupeg&p ovp, qti, xa&oXov tap ogojp 
opttap ip Tajg ipdtxQpipaig ngotdaeotp I del yipetat 
ovXXoyiopbg ip tu nomy axy/totti, xal xatyyooix&y r 
xal otegynxtop oVtw* * nXip xattjxogtxwp pip bvnar, 
tiXeiog* Qtegytixtop de, oireXf}$. 12. Au de to ipdi-. 
X* Q&ctp Xapfidveip, pq ivvdlg ipayxalbig , aXXaxa* 
t« Toy elgr^dpop diogiepop. *£pioT* de Xap&dp& ti 

TOIOVTOP, 

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ANALYT. PKIOR. LIB. I. CAV. XIV. 31 
CAPUT XIV. 

*Bav 8e r\ (iiv vnagfrw > V de ivde'xto&ai Xa(ipd T 
vrfiav Xtov ngoxaot&v • oxav fiiv ?; ngbg xb putov 
Sxgov ivdexsa&ai arjpaivt} , xiXuoi xe navxeg toovxa* 
ol avXXoyiOfiol xal xov ivdi%ea&cu xaxa xbv ugnpsvov 
Siogiofiov oxav d' t) ngbg xb eXaxxov, axsXelg le 
navtsg, xal ol oxtgyxixol xtav ovXXoyiofiav ov xov 
xaxa xov diogiofibv ivdixofiivov, aXXcc xov [irjdwl, tj 
fifj navxl, i$ avayxrjg vndgxtiv • si yag prjdtvl, ij p? 
navxl, i§ aydyxiig, ivdixw&al (paper xal fiydsvl xa$~ 
py navxl vndgxuv* 2.'Evdsxio&a yao xb A navxl 
tiw JB, xb H B navxl x$ \T xtfo&o) vndgxstv toil ov * 
wto xb B ioxl xb r, t$ le B navxl ivde/Bxai xb A, 
qpavigbv, Sxt xal tw J* navxl ivdixexai xb A* Jty«- 
xa* dij xiXuog avXXoyiafiog. 3. *Of*oi(ag de xal, are-^ 
gTirtxrjg ovatjg xijg A B ngoxaomg , xrjg di B r xa- 
xaopaxtxrjg' xal xr\g piv AB iv&ixw&ai, xyg di B f 
vnagxw ' X*fiPavofiivijg • xiXtiog terra* ovXXoytofibg, 
ox* to A ivdifexai pTjdsvl tw JT vndgxuv. 4. "Or* 
pev ovp , xov vnaqxstv xidtpivov ngbg xb eXaxxov: 
axgov, tiXuot yivovtai olovXXoyiapol,q>avBg6v. 5. 
9 Oxi di, ivavxkog txovxog, toovxai ovXXoyiapol, dii ^ 
xov adwdtov duxxiov • apa di taxav dqXov > xal ox% „ 
axtXiig ' q yctg dtifcig ovx ix xav iiXijppfV(av ngoxd- 
oewv. 6. Ilgmov dk Xsxtiov, oxi, tt xov A ovxo$ , 
avayxti xb B tlvai • xal Svvaxov bvxog xov A, dvva- 
xbv t&xat xb B it avayxi\g. "Eoxa yag, ovxwg froV\ 
xtov, ib ph, i<p w to A, dvvaxov xb di, £q? w xb B, 
advpaxov. £i ovv xb (lev dvvaibv, oxi dvvuxbv et- 
van, yivoixo Sv xb diadivaxor, oxi utivvaxjov, ovx 

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St AR1ST0TELI8 

ivyivoho. 9 Apa 8i,uto A dvvatov, naltb Batvratof, 
ivdixovio av, toAytvdo&at SvsvtovB, tl dsytvHf&at, 
nal tivcu * to ydg yeyovog, on yi/ovtv, ear*. 7. 4u 8i 
lapPavHv fiy uovov iv tp ytviosi to dvvatov nal aW» 
natov, alia nal iv tw dln&tvw&ai, nal to tw virao- 
*«*, *a* oofyug allug liyetat to dvvatov if 
anao$ yap 6 polios c$u. 8.1EW, oVtos tov ^ to B 
tlvat, ov% vg ivog nvog ovtog tov A, to B lotah d& 
vnolaupdviiv ov yag dour ovdiv i£ avdynyg, hog 
tivog ovtog, ilka dvoiv ikdxiotov oTov, otaval ngo- 
tdatig ovttog t^waty, wg ildz&fl, nata tov ovlloyi- 
auov il yag to T naiit tov J, to di J nata tov Z, 
nal to Tnata tov Z £ avaynqg •. nal $i dwatbv d* 
tnatsgov, nal to ovunigaoua Sara* dvvatov. "Jlamo 
ovv, it tig &siij to uh A, tag ngotaoug, to di B, to 
ovunigaoua 9 ovupalvoi av ov uovov, avaynalov toi 
A ovtog, Sua nal to B thai avayxdiov alia nal 
dvvatov, dvvatov. 9. Tovtov tit duz&ivtog, ipavegov, 
3ti ytvdovg vnon&dvtognalpifiadvvatov, nalt&avu- 
(taivovdid tyr vno&soivyjBvdogeotat^nalopn advvo- 
to#. Olov, slto A ysvdog uiv iott, urj uirtoi idvvatov* 
of tog di tov A, to B iotl* nal to B totatynvdogpiv, 
ov uiv tol y% advfator. *Entl yao diduntat, on ft, 
tov A ovtog, tou to B* nal dvvatov ovtog tov A, 
toiai to B dvvatov ' vnoxsttai di to A dwatav itvar 
nal to B aga total, dvvatov * ti yao advvatov, Sua 
dvvatov lotah to alto nal advvatov ±0. Attagtouivtif 
di tovttov, vnagxitu toAnavt*ti$ B, to di B navtl 
t£ r , /y^»/«Wa). *Avdyxii oyv navtl tw r to A ivdsxt- 
odai vnagxuv. Mf) yag irdezio&to • to di£ navtl tta 



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ANALYT, PRIOR. LIB. L CAP. XTV. & 

T xtio&(o vnigxov ' tovto Si iptvdog giiv, oS pinto 
advvctroY • ti oiv to p& A pii Mfcta* vip JT, to fo B 
navxl indgxu t$ r, to A ov navtl t$ B ivdixtxw 
yivttai ydg ovXXoyurpbg dia tov tgltov oxypatog, 
*Al£ vnixtao, navxl ivdixto&ai vnugxtw. *Avayx% 
aga, to A navtl t$ r Mixto&ai* tptvdovg yag vno- 
TB&ivrog xal ovx afrwdxov, to avfifiaivoviatiP advva- 
tovl*Eyzvg& Stxal 8ia tov ngtotov oxvpcrrog nov^om 
to advvottov, dsrtagxy Tto B vndgztw. Myagxb B 
navtl tw rvndgxn, to 8i A navxl r« B ivdixtxat, 
xal t$ JT navxl av M&xoixo to A. *Al£ vnintno, jwJ 
navxl iyx&gti*. 11. Jti 81 Xapfkxvtiv to navtl vndf~ 
Xtivprj xataxgovov bglaavtag* olov vvv, ifivt^dttf 
ZQov(p, &X£ anX&g. diet taw totovrtov ydg ngotdatmv 
xal Tovg ovXXoyioftoig noiovpev. 'Entlxatd ytxbvvv 
Xappttvoirivyg tqg ngotdotag ov*. tcaai ovXXoyurpog * 
ovdiv yap I'awg xtoXvei, noti nmvtl xivovfitvto av&gm- 
nov indgxuv olov, ti firjdh SXXo xrvttto* to dixivov- 
jitvov ivStXBtai navxl t$ trma • al£ av&gvnog o&- 
fovllnny ivdixitou. "En, tatmtb/th ng&tov, t&ov* to 
dkuiaov, xivovptvor tbdttoxatov, Sv&gtmog' aifdv 
ovvngotdottg o/iofag f$ovov tbdiovftnigaofiaavay- 
xciiov, ovx ivdsxofitvov • 45 dvdyxtjg yag b dr&gtmog 
Vaov. Qavtgbv oiv, on to xa&6Xov Xtjnxiov dnX&g, 
*cil ov zo6vy diooKovtag. 12. UdXiv, saxa OTto^rarq 
ngotaotg xa&oXov fj A B, xal *lli<p&u to fitvAfi^ 
M t<j> B vndgxur, ™ $* & navtl ivdtxio&a vndg- 
Xsiv t§ r. Tovtwf ovv ?$&ivtuv, avdyxri, to A h- 
tez*o&cu imdtvl t$ rindgxttv. Mil Y*Q Mtxio&tr 
™ Si B t# rxilo&m vndgx*w> *a&dnBg ng6xtgop\ 
Aeibt. Anax. C 

• 



ZZ . ARISTOTELIS 

• ovx avayxaiov. T.'OpoUog <T fie* xul &n\ tStv iv fii- 

gti avlXoytap&v. "Otav ftiv yag »; arsgijtixij ttqozo- 

■ oig xa&oXov t« #, *al avayxaia • *at to ovfinigaapa 

urtat, avayxaiov. "OtvvM % xatyyogixii xa&oXov 

V9 %, xal avayxaia, 4 di ottgrjtixij xatd pigog, [xal 

ovx avayxaia] • ovx lotai to avfiniqaofia avayxaiov, 

« 8. "Eotw tin ngmtov ff vttgt)tixr}xa&6Xov te xal avay- 

. xaia, xal to A t$ fdv B ovdtvl Mexeo&(0 vnagxciv, 

, f £ ds r tivl vnagxtoa ' intl ovv avrtotgeipei to ate- 

fijtixov, ovditb B tqi A ovdtvl ivdixoit av vndg- 

. %tw • to de A tivl tta T vnagxu * mat 4£ avayxv\g*t4r- 

vl tw r ovx vndgx u to B. 9. IZaXiv, tenon f) xattj- 

yooixi} xa&dXov tt xal avayxaia, xal xsio&a ngog 

T<ji B to xatt^yogixov* el^dit to A navtl tw B i$ 

dvayxyG vndgx^i, tw dk Ttivl fifj vn&gxw Su °*>X 

vnagSei to B ttvl tm T, <pav$gov • aXfi ovx i$ avay- 

ur\q' ol yap avtol ogot toovtcu ngbg tr^v unodtt&iv, 

oXntQ inl tav xa&oXov avXXoyiopwv. 10. *AXX' ovd 9 , 

$i to otegyttxdv avayxaiov iauv iv fiigu Xr}<p&ev, 

-\ovx~\ ear a* to avfiitsgaofta avayxaiov. Aid yog twv 

avtwv bg<av */ dnodti&g. 

CAPUT XI. 

*Ev di t« tiXfvrcuo) oxyfictti, xa&oXov fiiv qvtmv 
t&v bgiov ngog to piaov, xal xatriyogixtav djucpotdgav 
twv ngot&ototvi idv bntotegogovv p dvayxalog, xal to 
cvfmtgao/ia tot a* avayxaiov idv de to piv « attg^ 
ttxbvytb dixattjyogtxov vtavpivto ate^ttxov otvay- 
xalavfi, xal to ovfimigaapu tarai avayxaiov* ptav 
tevi xavrjyofmov,ovx^ozai avmyxalov. .2. "Betwoav 
yog afjupotfgai nattiyogtxal ngmov ol ngotdasig, 



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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XI. ;23 

xal to A xal to B navtl tw T vnctQX***h ivayxoUov 
d ' eorw to A J* • intl ovv to B navtl t# F vndgZH, 

Xal TO FTlvl T$ B VTZ&Q&t* dwt TO <XVTHJTQ*<p6lV TO 

xa&olov tw xata jiioog. Iflot u ttuvtI zo> FtoAi£ 
. avayxye vnaozti, xal to Ft&B T%vl t xal to A t$ B 
ttvl avayxaiov vtiuqzuv * to ydg B vno to 1 ' tori. 
rfanon ovv to ng&toy v%jjpet \niXiv\. 3. 'Opofag 9i 
deix&i'iosTai, xal ti to B Fiothf avvyxaiov orrnoroi- 
(f>u ydq to Ft$ A uvi* wot u navtl t$ Fto B4£ 
avdyxye vnd$x*h [to b*s F tta A uvX\; xal ttf A tivl 
to B vnaoliu i$ avdyxttf. 4. JldXiv «rat to piv A>r 
QTtQtjnxo? • to diBFxatao}atix6v dvayxmwv di to 
<rtEQT}tix6v * inel ovv avttojQiqtii [to xataatomxbv, 
%axai\ tivI tw B to F 9 to de A ovtiivl T<jJ F £ avdy- 
xy$, ovdi %$ B tivl vitaoUiit avdyxys tod' to yag 
B vno to T iotlv. 5. £ide to xati\yooixbv avayxaiov, 
. ovx total 96 ovfi7tiouofia avayxaiov. "Botatyao to B 
F xatyyoQixbv xal avayxaiov to tie A F ottQ^tixbv f 
xal fit} avayxaiov • intl ovv avwtro&ptk to xatatpa- 
uxoy, vndoHu xa* to F tivl t$B 0; avdyxstf. v Jlat *l 
to piv A pridsvl t£ J> to d* F tivVtif B \ynd&xtC\, 
xal to A tivl tw.£ ovx iitaoSw AX£ ovx 4? avdy- 
*W diduxtui yag 4v tw tt^wtw oxvpatt, oil, Tijg 
QTtQTjTixyg nQotdotmc py avayxaiag ovorfg y ov$e to 
Qvpaiiaaapo\ totah avayxaiov, 6. v Bn di nal dtct 
tw> oqvv ay sl'ij (pavfoov. "jEoTtaib xb A, dyadov to 
.&iB, itoor *tidir, Xnnog.' to ps* ovr iyv&bv ivdi» 
Znat inrfisvl iiiny iniaxw? to di£po* wAyxr\ irax* 
*l yttdoxeuf • dXX y ovx avdyxfj, j$6v Ttpq ttVof vy»+ 
&bv, $7ttQ bbixttat nw *Jraidya&6r, "jftipytovto 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



24 AfclSTQTELIS 

dvvatov, alia to iygriyogivai, 1} *o xa^in/dti*, 3?o* 
* &triov anav yag IfiordexttxbvTovt&v. 7. Elfikp pvv 
0* ogo$ xa&olov ngbg to /is'ooy not?, tTgrjxai, vtito 
total, to- ovpniga&pa avayxaio*. 8. £t 3' o /icy 
xa&dilov* 0' 4* {ic'oh, xatqyogix&v fxivovttov <x/snpo- 
tigtav, otav to xa#olov yivqtai avayxalov, xal to 
ovpnigaopa total avayxafov, 9 Art6dtt$iq 6* ij oci/tj}, 
ij xat ngotsgov • a-vtungtipM yag xal to & fisoct xa- 
tyyogixov. El evv avayxy, to £ arair* tw rv7td$~ 
X*iv, to Si A vno to r ioilv, avaynij, to B nrt t$ u£ 
vnagzuv* u Si 16 B*t<$ A tivl, xal to Arm B tw\ 
vnagzstv avayxcSov* dvttotg%\pn yag, 9. 'Opoiuf 
. Si xal h *b A r sty dvayxalov, xa&plov ov • to yag 
B vno to r &rtb. 10. El Si to h pign iotlvavay- 
xalov, ovx total [to] evpnigaoua avayxalov. v £otiO 
. fag to B r 4v uigu vt xai avayxalov, to Si A nor- 
v* tw r.ww^TW, /i^ *«V to* I* arayxw avtiotga- 
yirtog ovy tov B JT, to ng&xov ylvtxm ozvt* a * *<*l 
19 ftivxa$ olov ngoxaotg ovx avayxaia* % S' iv pigt* 
ivayxala, "On S* ovx&g footer al ngotaotig , ovx 
>%v to ovpnigaofta avayxalov mot ovS' inlxovxav* 
-11. "Eti Si xal at Twy oocdr qyavtgov, *E<rtta yag to 
fi& -4, iygyyogvig • to Hi B, Sfoow i(p 4 °* ™ ^» 
fwoy to piv ovv B ttvl tw r avotynr) vndgzHv, to 
ii ^4 Karri t» JT &0fj?STa» [wrap^x], xor * 10 ^ T< ? 
J3 ovx avayxalov • ov yag avayxrj, Slnovp t* xa&*i+ 
•duv, 1} iygnyogivai. 12. 'Oftolwg Si xal Staiwv av* 
«»y aowy 6c j£#qo«Ta*j xai ei to .4 X* «tiy tx fisott ti 
xai avayxatovk 13* J3* f o ttix xaTi?/oo<xo(* W 
tfno^Tixi^ wy oo«j' v Sto* pfrpto xa&oloy vteox^ 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT" PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. JOT. * 25 

tixop 1$ xal avttyxatop, xal to ovpnigaopa tar at 
o'voyxdior. JElyag to A tw Vp^divl irdixtrai, to 
difinvl t£ rinagx*t, to .4 t»xJ tcj> B avayxn pq 
vnagXUVt 14. "0T«y ft to xerTaqporixox avayxaiov 
t9 &$> 3 xa^oAov or, r\ iv piget • ij to otcoi}tixoxxo> 
to pigog • ovx fora* to avpmgaapa avayxaXov. Ta 
piryagalla to avro, a x«i£n tmx frooTaotix fyov- 
pW ogoiS*, ©rax ph y to xa£oJlov xairiyogixop 
apayxalow, iygyyoqaig,. £wox, 5p&gwiog m piaov, ax- 
^ouffoff. "Orax 3 4x peps* to xatTjyogwhv a>ay- 
xaiov, iygijyogoig, £wor, lfvxdx*£aiox/iix yagavay- 
xq T*xl levxqf vnagiut • iygrjyogotg 3' Mixtion firj- 
dtvt' xal ovx axayxij, Ttxi {109^ vnagxup iygrp* 
yogotv. "Ota* di to ortoqTixox fr peps* ox avay- 
xatoxif, dinovr, xlp^atg , fiwox* piaov, £a>ox. 15. 
4tax«£ox ovx, ot* tov fiex inagxtiv ovx eon ovXXo* 
ytapcg, iav pq afupongai »aix a* ngordaeig iv T«j> 
vnigx^uf* tov 3' avayxaiov iarl, xal rijg Mgagpo- 
90v arayxalag ova^g. 16. 'jEx ipyoiigotg ft, x«) 
xarmpcrruutix xaJ artoqTixttx oxrwx twx avXXoyiap&v, 
foayxfi, ifivfoigar ngotaaw opolav rfxa* tw avpnt- 
gaaparu Aiyw ft, to opolav si ph vnagxov, vnag- 
Xovaav* «* 5 avayxaiov, avayxalav, "flax* xal tov- 
to dqlox, on ovx Sara* to ovpnigaopa ovt avay** 
xdtov, ovt vnagxo* *lv*h f*i Xfup&tlorig avayxaiag, 
5 VTra^fovoi^ jrooTaow;. 17* .Otyi fitx ovx tov 
avayxaiov, nwg ylrtrai, xal tlva dwupogav tfc« ngbg 
to vvagfox, cfytTa* axMn ixav&g* 
CAPUT Xll % 
JZfy) ft tov {xfo/opcxov |uto t«vt« tiywptv, 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



24 AfclSTOTELIS- 

dvpixtop, aXXd to iyq^yooivai, 1} to xa&tvduv, 5qo* 
• ^ew'oy aaar y«o £*jor&tfrjxoj'Toi/Ta»'. 7. Blfiivpvy 
of oooi itadojlott tioo? to /480oy «ea*y, efy^Ta*, ftoto 
total to ovunioa&ua avayxaiov. 8. JB* 0*' o /icy 
xadoilov* o fl' iv uion, xatijyooix&vuivovtwv auq>o~ 
tiowv, otav to xa&olev ytvqtai avayxaiov, xal to 
ovunioaopa carat avayxaiov. Anodt&q d* ij avti}, 
i) xal nooHgov ' awtunot<pH yao xal to h uion xa- 
trjyoqixov. El evv avayxtj, to B navtl tw rvnag- 
X*iv, to Si A vno to JT lath, avdyxij, to B tivl tip A 
VTidQxuy si Si to B t$ A tivl, xal to A tw B tivi 
V7kxqX*iv avayxaiov 9 dvttatoiq>H yao. 9. 'Ouofaf 
. Si xal Htb A r tty avayxaiov, xa&pXov ov • to yaq 
B vno to JT lath. 10. El Si to h aion iatlv avay- 
xaiov, oix Sara* [to] ffvpnioaofta avayxaiov. v £otti> 
. fdo to B r iv uiqu w xal ivayxalov, to di A nor- 
*l t& T vnaqx*™> PV *** to* i£ avdyx^g* avttotoa- 
. a)ivtog ow tov B JT, to no&tov ylvtia* axv(* a * xa ^ 
ig uivxad oXov nooraoig oix avayxala* r\ S' huiot* 
uvayxata* "tin S* ovwg footer at nqotaouQ , oix 
<%v to avunigmafia avayxaiov * Stat ovS* in* tovtotv* 
11. "En di xal £x tmV oq&v qtavtoiv. "Eotm yao to 
jth A, iyoyyoQaiQ'to Si B, Sfaovv iaf oj &i to I\ 
<£a>or* to a*** ovv B ttvl tw r avayxti vndoxnv, to 
£* u4 Tray?* to/ JT ivSsx^tai \vmxQZ***\> ***** *° ^ T< ? 
J3 owe avayxaiov • ov y*f avdyxij, Shtow t* xa&#i+ 
Suv, i) iyQtjyoofvai. 12. 'Oftoimg Si xal Sta twV «w* 
voly fyw ft t£#qoeTa*> *«2 e* to «4 jP «^iy l> pepa tt 
*a» avayxaXoVk 15* 2# 5* fi«r ttirrq/oofxoV di 
tfno^Tixoff wir oo*»j^ v OTay j&pro xa&oloy crreoq- 

DigitizetibydOOQl( 



analyt/ prior, lib. i. cap. xn. * ito 

tixo* Tt *«» avayxalov, xal to avpniqaapa lorn* 
bvayxaiop. EXydo to ,4 t$ .T/iijdm ipdixtvai, to 
di&tipl t£ rinvQX*h to .4 ti?$ t<w B avdyxy pq 
inaqx**** 14. c 'Or«y d« t6 x«T«gpttTMeo*' avayxaiop 
t*&ji, ij xer^olov or, ^ •* fifyw • 3 to otcoi}tixo»'x6> 
t« /icoo^ • ovx totai to avpmgaopa avayxaiop. Ta 
pip yao alia ta avid, a xalinl twv nootiqwv igov- 
ptp* 00018*, otap pip 5 to xa&oXov xavqyoQtxop 
avayxaiop, iy^yooaig, iwov, av&Qwnog* pioov, ap~ 
&qu*oq. "Otap d 9 iv pion to xatriyoqmop avay- 
xaiop, iyoriyoootg, Hop, Xtvxop • %S>ov pip yaoapdy* 
xij ttvt lcvx<j> vitdqzw * iyQyyoQOig d' ivdixnm py- 
depl* xal ovx avayxn, tw\ £w<?fiq vnaQX* 1 * tyQV- 
yoooiv. "Ota* di to oTtoqTixoy iv piQii op apay- 
xaiop$, dinovp, xlvrjoig , Cwoy piaop , Jwoy. 15. 
Qavtqov ovv, ot* tow piv vndqxuv ovx law evXXo- 
ftaphg, idv pi dp<ponoa& £01* al ngotdong h T<J 
vnaQx**** *ov &' avayxalov iotl, xal trig higag pi- 
lot dvayxalag owijf. 16. *Ep apyoriootg di, xal 
»ar<*9«T*xwy xal ouotirixtov oritur twv ovXXoyiop&P, 
dvdyxrj, ti^vhigap nooxaaw opolav tf*a* t# oypnt- 
gdapati. Aiyn di\tb opolap* d piv vnaoxov, inap^ 
Xovaav* tl avayxalov, avayxalov. .IfZor* xal to5- 
to tflov, on ovx Sana to ovpn&oaapa ovx dray- 
xalov, ovx xndoxoP dr*h f*n ln*>&tl*n? apaytalag, 
1 vnaQXovong noojdotwg. 17. Utol pip ovv toy 
avayxalov, nwg ylpttat, *<** *b* tihayogdv «/« nab* 
•i vmdgxoPp tfytTat ojpdo* txawf • 
CAPUT Xll % 
fftgl di \ov frfo/opcVov ptxi tavxa tiy»p*v> 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



26 ARISTOTELIS 

note, xal n&g, xal dta tlvtov latai ovlloyiofiog, 2. 
^«/o> 6" ivdixeo&cu, xal to ivd$xofisvov, ov fLij ovt'of 
avayxalov, xt&hxog o" vndgxttv , ovdiv total dta 
tout ddvvatov to yag avayxalov opa)Vvft<og Mi- 
Zto&at Xiyoptv. 3. "Oti di %ov% icntl to- ivfeyopB- 
vov, (pavegov ex t* i<$v anoqpdosatv, xal tav nataqpd- 
oewv tatv avxixtipivwv. To yag ovxivdix*taivndq- 
X*iv, xa\ ddvvatov vndgxtiv, xal dvdyxrj py vhdg- 
Ztiv, froi tavxd ioxiv , rj dxolov&si aXXyXotg •" wore 
xal ta dvtixslfisva tovxoig, to ivdixsta* viraqx*iv~ s xotl 

' ovx ddvvaxov vnagx^tv, xal ovx dvdyxrj pi) vndgx^t 
% tavxd total, r\ dxoXov&Ovvta ally lot g • xata nav~ 
tog yag i) xatdqpaotg Jj r\ anoxpaoig iativ. "Eotat 
aga to ivdexofiBvov ovx avayxalov * xalib fir) dvajr-. 
xatov ivdtxofitvov. 4. 2vp(ialvti di ndoagtag xa- 
ta to ivdsxw&ai, ngotdotig avtiatgiqtuv dllrjlatg. 
Aiym di ov tag xata<paxixdg totig dnoopatixatg, dX/L 
oaat xata<patixov tyovoi to oxrjpa, xata xtjr avti&e- 
aiv* oXov to ivdixto&at vndgxtiv *w ivdixsd&at fifj 
vndgxuv xal to itavxl IvdixsO&ai tw ivdix*e&ai fifj- 
d$vl,y pr) navti* xal to tivl t$ (itj tiw • tbvavtbvdi 
tgonov xal tnl twv aXXtov. . *Ensi yag to ivdtx&t*s~* 
vov ovx Botiv avayxalov • to di pii) avayxalov fy/o>~ 
gil fit) indgxtiv (pavtgbv, on, el Mix**** ' tbjir^ B 
vndgxuv, tvdixstai xa* /u?; vndgxttv xal tinavtl iv~ 

' dixstai vndgxuv , xal navxl ivdsxitai fir) vndgxttv. 

* Opoitag di xal inl t&v h pign xataipdattov • fj*ydg 
avTTj dnodt&ig. Ehl d* ai toiavtai ngotdotig xot- - 

ttjyogixal, xal ov otsgritixal* t6 yag hdix*o&at ro» 

ilvat bfioltag tdttttai l xa&afttQ iXi^V ngottgov. 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB.J. CAP. XII. 77 

5. JiMQieit&owdi tovtwy, nakiy Xtyvpty, ot* to h- 

dixsa&cu xata dvo Xiystai toonovg • ha pey to £g 

. inl to noXv yiveo&ai, xal SiaXelntty to avayxdiov 

(ploy to noXiova&at av&ovmov, ij ctv£arto&cu, ycp&l- 

vtiv, r\ oXwg to mqtvxog vnagxuv tovto yao ov 

avvt^ig piv %xn to ayayxatoy, diet to pt) asl tlvai toy 

av-d-Qtonov ovtog ftivtot av&gwnov, rj i$ avayxTjg, 

tj tog inl to TtoXv iativ ) aXXov b*e tqonov to aoototoy, 

o xal ovttag xal ptj ovttog dvyatoy.* olov to fiadi£uy 

Ivor, rj to 0adi£ovtog ytyio&at osiopbr, rj oXtog to 

ano tvxng ywopevoy. Ovdsv yag paXXov ovtmg ni- 

yvxev, rj iyaytitog. 6. *Artmqiq>u ph bvy xata 

tig anixupiyag nootaaeig kxattgox tw iydtxopiy&r 

ov pr\y toy avtoy ye tgonoy, alia to piv ntopvxog 

ejyat tw pi) it avayxr\g vnaQX*w • ovtto yaq ivStxs- 

tai pi\ noXiovo&ai av&gtmov • to d* aoqiotovty pq- 

dh fiaXXoy ovttag, tj ixtiytug. 7. 'Eitiotfjpri di xal 

avXXoyiopog anodnxtixbg twy piy aooicrtw ovxeott, 

8 1 or to ataxtoy elvcu to pioov t&y di mqivxoteiy 

eon. Keel axMv ol Xoyot xal al axiipuq yivovrat 

mol tmy ovtm$ ivdexofxivav. 'Exsivmg d* (yxfogtl 

pev yevio&at ovXXoyiopov, ov pyv ttta&i ye tijT*7- 

o&au 8. Totvta ph ovy dioQio&rjorta* paXXoy iv 

toig Inopivoig. Tfvv 8s Xiyauty, note, xal n&g, xal 

tig lotai avXXoyiopbg ix twv iydexopivw ngotaonwy. 

9. *Eml b*i to iydsx*o&ai tode'tiSde vitaqxw 9ix&9 

iotiy ixlaftuv (rj yag, <j> vnagxei tide, fj , w ivdi- 

^€T«* avto inaQxtty to yag, xa&* ov to B , to it 

Mix*o$m, fovtw oriptalvu ftaUoov, %, xa& ov U- 

yitai to JB, rj, xa& ov irdixnaiXiyio&ai • t68i,xa&. 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



28 ARIST0TEL1S 

ov* to B, to A Ivdixw&m, *}> nayil tw B to A ly- 
XMQfiVf ovdev diatpign* &aveooy ovy, ow dixo*g <tt» 
ley o no to A t$ B nayxl ivdixeo&at vnaqzw ') *row- 
%ov ovv UTuapsv , d, xa&* ov to r, to B hdixtxac, 
xal xa& oif to B, to A, Tig eorai xal nolog ovllo- 
yiopog. Ovta yao at nootaaug apopoxtQin Xap- 
fiavovTai hutu to ivdsxeo&ai. m Ot*v de, xa&* ov to 
B vniqx**' t0 -A Mixffteu " V l** v vnaoxovaa , ^ d ' 
Msxofievjj iaTtv. "Jlot anb twv bpotooxr}p6yw **Q~ 
uiiop, xadaneo xalivTo7g Skloig. 

caput xin. 

"Cray ovv to A navrl tw B ivdixeTat,', xal to 2$ 
is art] t$ r, QvXXoyurpbg sot at tile tog, ow to Anav- 
t« tw r lvdixerat, inagxttv. Tovto de q>avegbv 4* 
tov OQKjfxov* to yaQ ivdsx*<j&(u nayxl vndqxtiv t>5- 
ttog iliyofxev. 2. *0[i oiwg de xal, ti to pey A ivdixe- 
tat ptidsvl tw B, to de B navrl tw V, on to A ivdi- 
XeT«* (itjdsvl tw JT. To yao, xa& ov to B ivdix*rat 9 
to A [i?i ivdixeofrai, tovto i\v to prjdev anoXelnetv 
twv vnb to B ivdexopiv&v. 3. "Otup de to A Karri 
t« B ivdix^tat, to de B ivdexwai [lydevl t$ r* Stat 
pev t&v dXfjftfAivo3V nooTuoitnv ovdelg yiverai ovXXo- 
yto/Aog • avTioTDa<puoijg ditrjg B T xaTa to ir&ixs- 
,o&ai f ylvrtai b avTog, &oneg xal ngoTsqov * intl yap 
ivdexeTai to B ptidevl t$ r vnaoxuv , tvdezstai xal 
ftanl wrap/sty* tovto yao elgt^Tat noouoov wars 
d to flip B navtl t§ T, to de A nayxl t& B , naXiv 
i aviog yiverai ovXXoyurpbg. 4* *Ouotog de xal, ei 
nobg afKpotigag tig ngotdaug n anoyaotg Tt&eirf 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB, L CAP. XIII, *> 

pilot xov Mixiod-ai. Aiyta di, olow, u to fth A rfr- 
dixttai ptidirl t$ B, xal to B fi^dtvl tw jT. Aid 
fiiv ow Tar elXfjftftiruv nootdauov ovdelgyiytTaiavX- 
Xoytopog • amoTQ*q>Ofiivi»p di, ndXiv 6 avtbg totat, 
taantQ xal nfonoov. 5. &aveg6v ovr, btt, trigdno- 
tydot&g Ti&ejijpti$ nobs to XXatJov Sxgov , tj nqbg 
ifitpotigug tug nqotdoug, ij ov ybrtat, ovUoyurpbg, 
% ylwttmfih, iX£ ovtiXeiog* ix ydq trig drtunoo- 
(prig nigahttcu to drayxaior. 6. 9 £ar di fj par *«- 
&blov twv ftoottvocw, q d* £* fi^oe* Xtj<p&ti > tfoos 
fii* to /46«toy axooy xtipivrtf tr^g xa&oXov, ovXXoyi- 
Cfibg earat T&eto?. 7. £* yao to u< wayrj t$ B Ir- 
toxnah to M .B wl tw r, to ui wi t$ JT todixnar 
tovto di yctveobv bt tow oourpov tov [wayT*] ivdix*- 
o&ai. 8. JIaUv, tl to A iydexnai firidtvl t<5 JB, to 
6t JB w2 T$ r hdixetat vndqxWt dvdyxri, to A /r- 
diyio&al T*y* t§ r pq vndqxsir • dnode&g d* q «ru- 
tij. 9. 'fiay ^ atsgrjuxtj Xi)<p&jj f) to pfyu nqoia- 
oig, t} di xa&oXov xataipanxti , trj Si &iiru buolug 
%XWiv ' olor, to fiiv A navil tta B ivdixqrai, to dip 
m\ Tijj T Mixfltm py vnaoxuv ' did piv tSt¥ fUif/i- 
pirwy nootdotmv ov yivttcu [qparefo?] ovXkoytopog • 
ttrtiQTt}aq>uot)$ di ttjg to piqti, xaii ti&totog tov M 
tw\ tw r 4vd$x*o&ai vnaqxnp, to avtb lata* ovp- 
nioaopa, o xai noottoor, xa&antf to toig i$ agxfc 
10. *Eav di rj nobg to fist^ov Hxfbv if ftign Xr)<y&jj* 
i) di nqbg to tkattov xa&oXov • idv u iftyoTioai 
xtttacpemxal tt&uotr, 4i* t% anor}nxal, idv t% prj 
opoioox*iportg • idv te ifupittqett ddioonrto*, % xo- 
*« utyog- oidap&$ unai ovXX*y*j}i6e - ovb*iv ydq 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



30 ARISTOTELIS 

xjaXvsiro B vntgrslytiy rov A, xal (xtj xartiyog&a&a* 
in Xdav • <p Si vntqrtivu to JB tov A, siXrjq?&a> to JT. 
Tovra yag ovfs nayrl, ovre pridevl, ovrs pij tcvi iv- 
dixsrai to A vndgxuy * iVnsg dyuorgs'cpovaiy at xct- 
t« to {vtiixta&ui, ngordosig * xal to B nluooiv irdi- 
X**aij qto A, vndgxuv. Etk di xal ix ray ogtav 
(pavigov ' ovza yag ixovoav ray ngordaeav, to tt^oi- 
to* r$ ioxctJO) xal ovdsvl ivdixeiat, xal nayrl vnag L 
X*i>v avayxaloy m v Ogot ds xoivol ndyray rov fisy 
vndgxuv i$ dydyxyg, (aoy, Xevxoy, av&ganog\%ov 
ds ay Mixeo&ai,' %&ov , Xsvxbv, ludrioy* $>avep6y 
ovv, on, rovroy toy rgonov ixovray ray ogwv , oy— 
dslg yivtrai ovXXoyiGpog. K H yag, rov vndgxiw 9 ij 
toy i£ avdyxr\g, tj rov irdexso&cu, nag iari ovXXoy*~ 
(ffiig^ Tov [iev ovy vndgxuy, xal rov ivayxaloy^ 
(pavfgiv, on ovx I'or.w 6 fisv yag xaraqpartxbg aval- 
gurai r$ orsgriuxa • o de ottgijTixeg 7$ xaraqtari- 
x$ ' Xtinerat, dy, rov ivdi%ta&ai elvai ' rotiro di adv- 
vaxov • dihiKjai ydq , Sri, ovrag ixovray r&v ogav, 
xal nayrl ra ioxdrqt to ngaxov, dvdyxrj , xal ovdevl 
ivdixBO&at vndgxeiv. "Slot* ovx ay eVrj rov ivdizM- 
o&ai ovXXoyKJfios. . To' yag dvayxalov ovx i\v ivd&- 
%opeypv, 11, <I>aveg6v ovv, on, xa&oXov ray ogay 
ovr ay 4v ro$g ivdtxojiivaig ngoxdotoiv] del yiysra* 
ovXXoyiopbg iv t<$ ngma oxvpatt, xal xar^yooixav r 
ual oiegyTtxwv bvrw. ' rikip xaryyogixay fiiv. byray, 
tiXnog- (frsgrjnxay ds, irsX^g. 12. ^» W to iv8i~. 
ZfQ&ctt Xafifidyny, girj irrtolg dvayxmoig , aXXaxa* 
t» Toy UQtiidvQv dioQiopoy. 9 £viot$ d* Xav&avu rg 
roiovzoy* 

_ Digitized by VjOOQ1( 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XIV. 31 
CAPUT XIV. 

*Eav 9k % fib vndqxsiv , fj 9k 4v9ixto&ai Xafipd r 
vrjtat Ttov nooxiioetov • Star ftb y nqbg xb fieiSov 
axoov iyb*ixto&cu OTjpalvp , xiXuoi xs navxsg tooytai 
ol av%XoyiOfiol xal xov iv$ix*o&tu xaxd xbv slgrjfiiyov 
dioQtopov oxav 9' q nqbg xb sXaxxov, axtXug w 
ndvttg, xal ol oxtgyxixol xtav ovXXoyiofiav ov xov 
xaxa xbv 9ioqi0fibv iv9ixofiivov, aXXa xov firi9ivl y *} 
\tr\ navxl, i£ dvdyxrig vndqx&v u yaq firjdtvl, rj pif 
navxl, i$ avdyxr\g, &9ixw&al opapsv xal (Hidtvl xal' 
py navxl vnaqxw. 2. 9 Ev9ixda&(o yaq to A navxl 
tw B, xb 9k B navxl t£ rxsio&a vndqzetv in$l ow 
%mb to B iorl to r, t$ 9k B navxl iwdfynai to A, 
yaveqbv, oxi xal xC^ T navxl bdizexcu xb A* JTfoi- 
Tat dij riXsiog ovXXoyiofiog. 3. 'Opoitag 9k xal, are- 
QtlTixrjg ovatjg xtjg A B nqoxdomg , xtjg 9k B r xa- 
Xfuparixtjg 9 xal xijg fiiv AB £v9sxeo&at, ifc 9s B r' 
itotxgxtw Xttfiftavofiivrig • x&uog toxai ovXXoyiopbg, 
oxi rb A iv9ixcxai pri9evl x§ r vnaqxuv. 4. "Or* 
fib ovv , tov vnaqxtty xitiffibov nqbg xb tXaxxov, 
<**Qov, xiXuoi ybovxat oiovXXoyiofiol,q>avtq6v, 5. 
Oct 9k, ivavxhag «/orr©£, toovxai avXXoytOfiol, dta 
tov idwaxov deixxiov * Spa 9k tax at dqXov > xal oti . 
vxtX&g ' f) yaq 9u£ig ovx ix x&v ilXtippbav nqoxd- 
mw, 6. Uqmov 9k Xzxxiov, oxi, u xov A ovxo§ 
irayxti xb B that • xal ivvaxov ovxog xov A, 9vva- 
*ov tgxai to B it aydyxtjg. "£ox(0 yaq, ovxwg &6V-. 
T «y, to pb, s\p w to A, 9vvax6v xb 9k, iq> $ xb B, 
advvaxov. El ovv xb fib 9vvaibv, oxi 9vvaxiv tl- 
*<*i, yboixoav xb 9k a 9 vvaxov, oxi a9vvaxov, ovx 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



£ AR1ST0TELI8 

Spy if oho. 9 Apoidi,%itbAdvvatbv,xaltb Badvvatof, 
Mixono av, to A y$vio&at avtvtovJB, n diy&ia&ai, 
nal ilrou • to yag yeyovog, o« yiyovtv, «br». 7. M dk 
lauflavuvuii uovoviv TiJ ywiae* to dwaTorftatadv* 
raroy, alia xal iv tw ©Uij#«i/€<j#cu, *eu «V t£ vttoo- 
*«y, ital ooax&g alius liyttai to dvvatov if 
anaa$ yag b/ioiatg IS«*. 8.*JEt*, Sftos tov ^ 10 J3 
<7ra*, ov* <5? fyo? tivog ovtog tov A, to B total, dtl 
vnolauflavuv ov yag iativ ovdiv i£ avdyxyg, hog 
nvog ovtog, allot dvoiv ilaxtatov olov, otavalngo- 
idotig ovttog txuaiv, wg ikiz&n, xata tov ovlloyt- 
auov tl yag to r xata tov A, to di J xata tov Z, 
nal to Txata tov Z i\ avayxyg » xal %l dwatbv d* 
kxattgov, xal to avpnigaapa Sara* dvvatov* "Jlomq 
ovv, tttig &eitj to ph A, tug ngotaoug, to d* B, to 
ovpnigappa * avupalvoi av ov povov, avayxalov tov" 
A ovtog, Spa xal to B slvai avayxdiov alii nal 
dvvatov, dwatov, 9. Tovtov di dux&ivtog, yavegor, 
3t» ytvdovg vnote&ivtogxalpifiadvvatov, xaltbovp- 
fiatvovdia ttjv vnod-toivvjtvdogtata^nalovn advvo- 
TOr. Olov, tl to A ytvdog p£v ion, py pivtoi advvatav* 
ovtog di tov A, to B iatl* xal to B totatyivdog pb 9 
ov piv toi yt ddvvatov. *En£i yao diduxtai, ©t* ft, 
«ov A ovtog, ton to B' xal dwatov ovtog tov A, 
tatai to B dwatov * vnoxsitai di lb A dvvatbr tlvav 
xal to B aga total dwatov • ti yqtg idvvatov, apa 
dvvaibv total to avto xal adivatov to. Atagiopivwv 
di tovttav, vnagzitu toAnavtit^ B, to di B navtl 
t& r ivd*zfo&&» *Avayxij ovv navtl tot r toAivdixB- 
odat %magx*iv. Mi) yag ivdezia&6i • to. di £ navtl t$» 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. L CAP. 3C1V. 38 

T Htlo&a vnagyov * tovto 9i yt$vdog flip, oi ubrtoi 
advyaror • tl ovv to fib A fir] Mtxtrat ftp JT, to diB 
navxl iitagxu tip r, to A ov nartl tip B ivdixttaf 
ybtxai yag ovXXoyiopbg did tov tgitov ozyparog. 
*AX£ vnixuto, navtl ivdixto&ai vndgx**v» jivdyxif 
Sga, to A nartl r$ rivdixeo&af ytevdovg yag vwo- 
i*&ivtogxal ovx abvydtov, to ovfipatvoviattp ddvpa- 
iov. Eyx&gu dexal dia tov ngatov axvparog noifjam 
to advvatop, diptagtf Tto Bvndgxnp. MyaqtoB 
naptl t£ JT vndgx*h to Si A ftctrtl t$ B Mizitm , 
xal tw jT xroyTt av ivdixoiro to A. *AX£ vnixtito, py 
nartl iy%toqup. 11. Aii til Xafifidvtiv to nartl vndf- 
Xtwpy xata xgovdp ogloanag* olov pvv, ijf h TwflaT<j» 
ygovwy aX£ anX&g, Aim tw toiovtwp yag ngotdcnmp 
xal tovg ovXXoyiopoig noiovuep. 'Emlxata ytzb pvp 
Xapflapouirttg t^g ngotdatcjg ovx tatai avXXoytaubg • 
ovdip yag i'acog xaXvsi, noti nartl xwovuiptp av&$#- 
nov vndgxttp' olop, ti prjdsv SXXo xtvutor to dixivov- 
(ibvov ivdtxnai nartl *a> frnrw * al£ av&gunog oi~ 
fopltnntp ipdixttai. "En, tatmtbab ng&top, £iwo>* to 
tejiiaov, xivovptpop* to dstt<JX<*top, av&gamog* aipfr 
ovp ngotdottg buolag Uouov to di avpnigaopa dpay- 
xalov, ovx ivdtxofispop • it avayxi\g yag o ar&gcmog 
taor. Qavtgbv ovv, on to xa&oXov Xijirtiov anXAg, 
ual ov XQOV(p diogltortag. 12. Hakiv, Ibrw ottgrjuxtj 
ngotaotg xa&oXov fj A B, xal slXn<p&to to pthAptff 
M tw B vnugxti*, to d$ B nartl ivdsxio&w vrtaQ- 
X*ip tw r. Tovtwp ovp it&svTMv, dvdyxrj, to A Ip- 
tyywrifra* atfiwl t$ r vnagxnv. Mt) yag Mtxia&tr 
to di B T(Jf rxiio&to vnagxnp, xa&aaeg ngbi*gop\ 
Arist. Anal. C 

• 



34 ARISTOTEL.IS 

avdyxq dn, to A wi tw BvnaQXiiV. riyttat yag 
ovXXoytopog tiia tov xqixov oxyfuxjog* tovxo di ddv- 
vatov. "Slot irdixono av to Aurjdevl t£ JT. Vew- 

.flot/ff ya$ inoxt&svxog xal ovx advxaxov, aSvraroP 
avfifiahiu 13. Ovtog ow o ovXXoytofibg ovx law 

_iov xaxa xoy ogtOfibv bdtxopivov, allot tov ftiidevl 
4$ avuyxt}g. Avtti yaq iotiv tj apxhpaoig xifc ysro- 
fiivffl vvo&eawf insxi&fi yao, l£ avayxtjg xb A tivl 

• t$ JT vb4*q#$iv * o do dtif toy advvatov ovXXoyurpbg 
1% uruxiqiiir.qg ioxfr aptupiowg. 14. "Eti di xal 
ix tiv oqov (parepbv, Sxi ovx loxi to ov/irceoaopa er- 

. dexopevov * tbrcu /ao to jww , lg>' qp to ^ xoptf £ * to 
di, iq> (p to B, diavoovjuvo** 4yi»di JT, av&Qtmog* 
ovdevi d^ t$ B to A yndqxu * ovdiv yao diavoovpt- 
POV, *oga| • to di B navxl ivdfasxcu x$ r * Hair* 
ya^ ayvfroau^) £v$qxstcu to diavouo&cu * aiJla to -< 

_i£ dvdyxijg Qvdsvt x$ r* ovx Sou to ovfLitiqaoua 
fyrdex6#titQiu 15. '-4JU' ovd* avayxaiov ad' foroj 
yiotb pb A, xwovpsvav • to ds B, &uaxr { w to de, 
4q? yT, av&QWTtog* %o fib ovv Aovdwlxy BvixoqSu* 
to di B na»ii t$ r ivdixeta* * xal ovx taxai xb ovft- 
nioaap* avayxaiov ov yaq avayxti, prfiiva xiv€i- 
o&ai>av&Qcmov, aX£ ovx avayxrj, xtra* dqXov ovv, 
ot* to avpniqaopa Am tov ut}dwl & avdyxrjgvndq- 
t*W. Arpvtiov di (t&xtfiv %ovg oqovg. 16. *£<*» di xb 

.OTtQi\%txbvTidynobg xb tXaxxovaxqov ivdsxso&aiori- 
fiaivov Ifcavxwvpiv z&vslXyuirivwv nqoxaanav ovdtlg 
sorat ovXXoyujfi6g m ivxwxQayeiatig di xng xaxa xb 
fydixsadai nooxaotag, eoxat,, xa&anso h xdig nqo- 
xiootg. 'Tnaoxitw yaq xoA navxl x$ B, to dsBfrdG- 



d by Google 



ANALYT. PRIOR LIB. L CAP. XIV. 35 

Zeo&G) prjdtvl t$ J*. Ovta piv ovv Ixoruov wv ogtav, 
ovdiv eotai arayxaiov. 'Eav di avttotgaq>tj to B r, xal 
Xity&jj to B nartlrip rirdizeo&ah yivstcu ovXXoyi- 
apbg, wontg ngozsgov • opolug yog ffjroi/otyotoootTJ) 
&iast. 17. Tov avjov dsTQonQV, xal oreQriTixtov ovtair 
ap<potig<ov tow dtaotrfpdtwv, iitv to piv A B, prj 
vnaQXtir, to di B r, prjdevl Mexw&at, orjpaivrj • di 
avtwv piv 'yotg twv ttXtippivav ov ylvstai to avay- 
xouov. y Avtiotga<p*lot}g di vqq. xata to Mexio&cu 
TugoTaoswg, total ovXXoywpog* ElXrjq>d(o [yctg} to 
piv A p rjisvl top B vnoLQXtw, to di £^%f(jSw p%- 
devl tjS iT 3ia piv ovv tovttov ovdiv avctyxaloy. 3 Eotv 
di Xricp&fifTO B navxl%u> rivdixto&at, onsg iotlvaXi}- 
&ig* r\ di AB ngotuoig b poling l/jf niXty o avxbg 
curat ovXXoytopog. 18 • *Ectv di pr\ vnagxw Tf ^jJ 
to B to* r, xal ptj, ivdixeo'd-ai fiy vnagxuv ovx 
tatat ovXXoyujpbg old a p cog, ovts attgtjtixfjg ovorjg 
ovts xcrcacpaTDtTjg tr\g AB ngotaattog. "Oqoi di xoivol, 
tov piv ££ uvayxr\g vnagxuv, Xtvxbv, £$>o*, X l(a * ' 
tov di pr { ivdixw&cu, Xsvxbv, £woy, nltta. 19. *«- 
vtqbv ovv, oti, xad-oXov twv ogtav ovtmr, *«} tf\g piv 
vndgxeiv, *?£ di ivdixsafrai Xctfipavopivyg J(av ngo- 
rdoaav, otav i\ ngbg to tXattov axgov hdixw&ah 
Xap^dvrjtat ngotaaig, a$iy(vtto+ ovXXoytopog* nXr\v 
ore piv i£ avtav } ore di ixvttrCQaqtsiorig tr^g ngota- 
oevg* not* di tovttov ixi*egog, xal dia tiva altiav, 
ilgyxapsv. 20- *Eav fc to piv xa&oXov, to d' to 
pigti Xrjcp&fi ttbv diactripdtw otav piv to ngbg to 
puiov axgov xa&oXov te&jj xal ivdtxbptvov, tit* ano- 
(patucbv, tl'jt xatctqiauxov to d* iv pigu xataq>attr* 

C2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



16 ARISTOTELlS 

*6v xalvnagxw totut avXXoyujfibg tiXuog, xa&antg 
xal xa&oXov t&v ogmv Svtw. *A7t6dH*iQ 3i r 4 avTt), 
ijntg xal Ttgoxsgov. 21 • "Otav tie xa&olov piv p to 
KQog fiiitov axgov, inag%ov fli, xal p^ ivdejto/ievov 
&dt$gov 8* iv f*igu xal ivSexopsvov * laviian6q>atk- 
xal, idv it xataq>aiutal te&aoir a/Kpotsgai * lav tc f) 
fth anoq*atixf\, r\ Si xatayattxri * ndvttog tatai ovX- 
loyiopbg ateXyg • nXqv ol piv diet iov adwatov &*~ 
Z&r\oortcu* oi d* oV dvriorgayrig ryg ti>v ivdfytod ai, 
xa&dntg iv tdig ngotsgov. "Eotai dk ovXXoyiapbg 
diet trjg avtiotgoiprjg xal, otav y ph xaS-oXov %*&$iom 
ngbg to axgov pti^ov orytaivji to vndgxuv, ij pq 
wraojfw* *l $* hpigu, otegyTixr) ovoa, to ivdixto&a* 
lapSdvji • oTo?, ti to piv A navtl tw B vndgx^h y pi 
tmetyen, ib diBtivl r$ T ivdixercu py vndgxtiv «>•- 
uotgaqdvtog ydg xov B rxata to iv8ix*o&ai, ylvstcu 
tyXXoyiopbg, 22. "Otav de to jirj vndgxov Xapfidvy 
tfxatapig^gte&sioa ngotaaig, ovxtataiovXXoyurpog. 
Ogot toZpiv vnagxttv, Xsvxov, (aov, z*&*' *ov &*l"l 
vnagzuv, Xkvxbv, &5oy, nirta. Aia yag tov adioqi- 
Ctov Xymsov vyy cbrofo&y, 23. *Eav tii to pbxa&o- 
Xov Te#j} ngog tq eXartov axgov, to 8' iv pigu ngbg 
to pei[ov iav ts dxwqttxbv, idv u xataqtazixov id? 
« ivdtxaptvw, iav thvndgxovoTiothgovovv ovdafmc 
vrnti oviXoyurpog. Ovlfi otav iv pigsi, fj adiogtozo* 
ze&uoiv ai ngotaostg, tit 4vdixw&ai Xapjidvovoai, 
tits vnagpiv, tits ivaXXdS, oty ovtag totai ovXXo- 




DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. k CAP. XV. & 

Mov, IpcctHv* 24r *ay«^or ovr, oxi xov par noog %b 
putov axoox xa&oXov xt&bxog, itl yivtltH oxXXoyt* 
opog • xov di jxoog xo iXaxxoy, ovdinoxz oi/dopoi*. 

CAPUT XV; 
! . "Oxav dky p& it uviyntig vnaQxuv, % /uij vndp- 
Z H *> h di iySJxea&at otipabp iw ixooxaotw* 6 ph 
avXXoywpbg tloxai, xov avxor xobnov ixbvxwr xSn 
oqw xal xiittog, oxav nqbg tw iXaxxon Sxgto ti&jj 
10 «yayxeuov. To di evfinioctopa, xaxrjyooixcov ph 
©nw rvr oomfxov fydixea&ai %al ov xov vnaoxnv 
taxai, xal xa&olov, xal pr\ xa&oXov xi&tpfotov. 3 £av 
di p xb pip xaxcKpanixoVj xb di oxeoyXixov oxav pip 
y 16 xaxctqxxxixov, arayxaiov, xov iydizso&di, xal op 
xov pi vitaoxw oxapdinxboxtD^xtxop, avayXcnoy, 
xal tov Mix*adt<*i wtoaQX**** huIxov 1 ptj vnaQx&l" 
xal xa&oXov, xal pif *<*&oXov xwp oampopxtav. To di 
ivdixao&ai h xtpovpntqaopaxt, xop ait by xgonovXy- 
miot P oynso xal iptolgngoxsgop.. Tov d* ilavayxrjg 
pr) vnagx*** oix ttncu ovlloyxapog * txsgop yao xh 
py\ &aviyxnQ vniqx**** *"♦ *o & avayxtig pi^vnao*- 
X*%*9 2w°Qxi pip ovp xaxayaxutu* opxWx&v oomr, 
ov ylyvuu avpnioaopa apayxalop, qpweooV. c Tna$- 
X*xto yko xb ph A naptl x$ B & apayxxig, xo di B 
iv$txeo&& tiopxI xy X** Serai #i ovXXoywpbg £x*» 
Xyg, on iv&ixeta* xo A itapxl x$ r vnaqxuv. *Oxi Si 
ttxtXftf, in xf}9 anodtfeecjg difXor' xov avxbv yag> xgo* 
nov Ikix&yQiXQ*, ornsg xal inl x&vngoxxgov, 3* Ho> 
Xtv r xb ph AM$xio&a navxl xta B, xo oe B navxl 
x £ r v7w*QXix* s{ avdyxitf. "JEoxai di ovXXeyujfibg, 
ox* ti A Ttvrxl xyFtodj&xai vndqxnv, SXX'^ovz, 



38 ARISTOTELIS 

8it vnaQTH • xal riXuog, aXX ov* atBXrjg' tv&vg yag 
inttsXuovxai diet xw £$ UQXVS nooxaotwf. 4* Bl di 
pi) opoiooxypoveg ai itQoxdaug* toxw rcowToy^crrc^- 
itxf\ dvayxaia • xal xh pb A ptfievi 4vdexio&<o %v> B 
ix dvdyxrig • to di B navtl r# jT Mixio&u • foayxn 
dfl, *o A prfitvl t$ P inaQxuv, Ke(o&* yaq vnaq- 
XSiv if navtl, % tivi* x§ di B vnixmo prjdtpl Mix*- 
O&cu. ^Enel ovv avtiotghpH to attofptuotr, ov&i to B 
tw A ovdsvl ivdixetcu* to Si A r$ JTnavtl, fj Tin «Z- 
Tat vnagxeiv • wots ovforfj aj o# Haw) ffr« J9 fr- 
dixono av vnaQxw vnixuro H nmrtl 4$ «o#ifc. #o> 
j*o6i> £% oi* xcc* xov ivdtyw&at (t$ vn&QX*** yb*xa* 
ovXXoyiopbg, tl'nsg xal xov pn vrndoxm* 5. SaXty, 
ecrrw ij aataquxTiXT} nqoraoug ottecyxata* xod to /i£* 
*4 iv^txiad-oi pudivl t$ B imayxnv, xh diBxar*} xm 
rvnagxi™ ft difdyx^g: € Op$r ov* ovXXoyttp&g tbxat 
xiXsiog, aX% ov tov p*i $>tt&qx Hv > iXXi xov &6%£- 
t&atr fir) vTtuQxtiv • ajt* /op ttporertn? ovw? £Xvj<p&ij 
ri into xov ptfcovog Sxbov • xal dg to adwato* ovx 
tatty aitayayzXv d ydq vnoxs&ti% To A r$ Txwl 
vtz&qxuv, xsiicu &i xal, to Axq B hdizto&ai ptjdrvl 
wdgx^iv, ovdiv ovpfialvu did tovtmv ddvyaror* 6. 
*£«* di ngig xw iXdxxovt axow **&jjj to ouoqpmir, 
Ztav plv ivdixso&ai ofjpalrji, ovXXoyuffiig total dtd 
ttjg avxiotgo<pr)g, xa&dneg £r tolg npoTtoov. l?Otav 
Si prj 4*>dixe<j&oti, ovx IcTtac. Ovd* 6xctv aftyxa to&y 
OTeQijjtxa, [Ay fj di ivdsxoptvov xi nobg to tktmoi. 
*Oqo* di oi avrol, tov phvndoxw* Xwnop, {ahr, 
Xuor tovdepi]vndgxuv t Xevxir, t&or-, nltta. H.Top 
ctitov di roonov ISw xal 4i& *w* 4y pdfu wlloyi- 

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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XV. tt 

afiwv* "Ovav fih yag $ to atBgipuMov ivmynmov, xa§ 
16 avfiTtegaofitt farm xov pyvnaQxtiv. Olov, uto pbh 
A fiTfdsvl tw B 4vdix*tm wraojpw, to di B wJ tm JT 
ivdixsTou viiaqxuv, wdyxif, W A iaf\ *& r f*T) vxwq* 
%ziv. £l yctg Ttajrtl vnuqxn, t&di B iiifiwl ivddx*^ 
taiy ovdi to Bttp A ovSevl ivdfotai vvaggMy. ^2o/ t 
$1 to A nctrtl t« r vndfxu, toB ovhvl tm ttv&ix** 
rect' aXXa inixut6 > tw>* 4f*oVgso£«f. 9. "OrcrV di to d? 
pegu Karayazixbr uvttptt&ov jf to to tw o?«pqTtx£ 
<xt/Uo/(orjuaJ, oloy to Br* 8 to x«#wIoi/to to t$ xomj- 
yoptxq), oToy to A B' ovx eqrm tov vhdgxsw 0*Mo- 
yiapog* dn6de&s d 3 ?j avvfj, ij xuliaitw TtgotifW, 
10. *Eotv to to /»& xa&dlov t*£i} Jieos tij» &0TTOW 
axgw, ij xataqwnxo*, if ottgifttxoy, xca MtxofttooiP. 
to ti' to pigsi iivay*&oy ngog iw pe/frx* otxgtp • o£« 
eora* ovXjLoyio/dOQ. *Onoi di, tov fth vndgxw 4$ 
avayxtji, £&w, Xtvxbr, av&oomog' tov di ftrj todixt- 
o&cti, twov, Xevxbr, IftecuoP. 11. "{Hay ds uvayxaio+ 
$ raxa&oXoVj to 0*' to fidget todexopspw ortoipuxoft 
ph ovtos tov xu&iXov, tov pto viwQxupSgot, £moy, 
Xsvxbv, xdpal' Tov di fty vnaoxnv ; £a>ox f Xnvx&r} 
rtirta. 12. Kaxaytmnov di, tov piv vroxgjrecr, &3o># 
Aevxox, xvxvof • tov di firt ivdix*o&<*h &»ov r Xsvxotj 
Zuov. 13. Ovd' ot0v Sdiogiotoi Awdwkfty td TtyoicU 
atig, y apupottgcti xata pdgos, ovdi ovto*? %axa$ airiU 
lo/iafiog. "Ogotdiitotvoh tov* fi«r vttagfffjy, {£oiv Ann 
xix, Sv&gwtos • *ov & fty vrtaQxeiy, J»of, Att/xoV? 
ayvxor. Kal ykg to Z&or nn ievx&, xal to Xtoxow 
&ipvx<9 n *i ***% avapcatov V*(*$x*&> »«i ovs ivdix*- 
tatvnagxM, Kal Mtov bdixeff&pet, opot**- v Stsm 



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40 ARI8T0TELIS 

n$bs &*mt» /fqaipot *' *f °*« 14. <P*« Qov ew 4g tjS# 
dgflp&Qiv, on, aftoiwg ixorttav tw Somey t« t£ 
vnapznr, x«3 fr to*s avayxaimg, ylytxmxal ov yl- 
ytitn avXloytupdg • wAV xaia /iiy to vnaQxuv «* 
4hp4vfi$ tj}$ orioifnxjjff. nrioToVcto? TO v ird&so&cu 
iv o avXXoytOfiog * x«ta & to dymyxaiw irjg oreo*}- 
ttxtjct xalrov Mi%ta&tu, xa£ tov pi} vndoxttv. 15. 
Jfjloy & xal, It* ndmg o+ ovAAo/tOftot ateiUfc • xai 
qti TetaovVfwefa twv nQonynptowv oxryiKtw* 
CAPUT XVI. 
*£V di f£ dsviifw oxyficfth otar fito irdcxofieva* 
XetppdrwvTmi a^pot«^«t of ttooTaoe*? , ov&fc forai 

tfvJUo^MjrpG?, OVM XOXX;/0OIX«l)' , QVlt <JTSQ7)UXWV Tl- 

&tp&y<pv, ovt* xaSoXov, ovjb xata ftig&g. "OtetySii 
(i$y vlraqzw* V b** Mix*o&m a^poUyp • t?$ ftevxa- 
ietcpmtxrjg vnaaxw aijpatrovarjg Qrvdinvtttxnat- vf t g 
&i oteg^nx^g rye xu&qXov, id. Toy avtoy diro6~ 
iiov not, etcty ij jii* 4£ drdyxtig, q & ivdixuj&m *«/*- 
pmvfixm wy nooidomy. Ju &i xaliv lovjeig lap- 
fittvitv to fr To*? ovfimoaopaow Msxofuvov , (Sotoo 
£xa) Iptois] nQOJtQO*. 2* Jlomov ovp dnxriov, on 
ovx irmnoiipnio to %% toddx$o&ai oreoquxoV* oloy, 
«S to «4 ivtexMcu (itifavi *$B, ovx irdyxtj, xal to £ 
pijdW t%I .4 &8exw&*i. Ktio&to yaq tovto, xai 
fr&K&rtta to B pudtA tw j4 [w%«y }. Quxovx 
6rrc* amotoiipov<Hr al iy t£ Mixea&ai xatafpaaeti 
%cSg dnoydoeoi, xal al ivavtiat, xalai iyttxsifitvtu* 
Todd j9'ti£ j^ todfX€tm pydtvi vndQXW yavtoop, 
in *©* rcayTi ivdixeno Sty roB ty A vndoxw tov- 



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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XVL 41 

'*£&* tw3s drayxwov mat ov* imotqfy** to om- 
QtjTixor. 3. v Eu di oidtp xo»Avft, to piv A %$ B it* 
ddz*o&M pifitd, to diJB tm£ t# A if. dvdyxT\g pj) 
inoQXtiy. . Olov, to p$¥ Xtvxov navtl drfrqiiny to- 
At/er** w vjidqxsw***** yaq wdqzw. "Av&qomow 
3' ovn akr}&i$ dnuv , ig todixeivi p^tvl Uvk$. 
UokioZg yuqj$ iwayxyg ov% indqx**' ** &* way- 
xalev owe %y ivfoxoptyav. 4. 'AXXd pip oid' (x t ov 
aSvronou fctfdiJocTa* avtioiqiyoy. Ohp, d tit 
aZuooMv, inslycvdog to ipddxeo&ai prjdsyl toJ A to 
Bvndqznv, aln&k %i py Mfaad-ai pndtrl : (tpdoie 
pdq xal dnoyaaig.) iX di jovjo alrj&is, # wiy%Hi 
nvl iff A vniqz** to B. "Slots xul to A tivl t% B* 
tovto &* udvtewov. Ov yaq, tl pi toBixnm pq&tvl 
*<S A ti B r awynqiVtvl maqzuv. To ydqpyiv- 
diZta&eu pqded, diz&S k>«ar T0 9&> d&Mynqc 
%w\ inaQZ**' ™ *4 ** * wdyxqg tivl pq vndqz*f 
%i yaq & <xrdyxri$ wi tu Apy vndqzov ovx uXij&ig 
dnuv, m nwxl ivbizmti pn vndqzw woneq,ovdl 
«» %m\ imuQzov it wdf*w* 0T>nanlfrdiz**<*ivnaQ~ * 
Z*w. -E* oh tig itiolrj, fad ovx ivdiz**ai to r nw>- 
ti to Aimdqzw, & wtyxyg tivlpnvndqz^v avto t 
yev&ogav Xapfidvoi* nnytl yaq indqzu, d tvz°** 
iXX\ o*i.bl$ig it ivdynw i>ndqx*h *«* *o™° <P«p&, 

* ov navil iv&ix$o&aL *fi.at$ x| frftfeaota* nayd 
vudqx** tot il ayayufig tivl vndqzsiv ivtixutah 
xal to £ ivdynng tiv I py vndqzw^ c Opoiug ^ xa I 

. %m Mfao&cH pridsvL Ankov ovv, ow nqog^ to ovttot 
Mtzopwov t xal pn blkzop&ovr W Ivdqzl diuqloa* § 

; ptr, ov pwop to & ipdyxw wl vndqzuv, «U« **l 

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42 ARIST0TEL1S 

to 4? nttyxtjg nv\ pi) vndfxetv Xxtttior. Tovtov ft 

Xf]<p&&TO$, ovdtv ovppaiyu advpectov Arte ov yi~ 

vrtcti ovlXoyiGfivg. GairBfiv ovp i* n*r ugfifibwy, 

on ovx artKnp&pei to otto^wtov. 5. Tovtov 9i 

dsix&irrog, x*/o#a>, to A t» pe> .B Mdxeo&eu'ttyds- 

vi, t$ dk r it vert L Am piy ovv tj}$ avnotooyijg 

ovx torcu tivXXoyuSftog, Efyrjtm faq, Sn ovx av- 

ttotoicpu y tomvrif ngorctuig. *AXtf ovdi dm tov 

ddvvdtov. * Ti&brog yko tov to A navr) t$ r b- 

6sxso&cu py VTtdgxstr, ovdb ovpflafou ipevdov Mi- 

XOito yog 8* to A t£ r**l ***** xal ftydepl vnig- 

Xuv. "OXvtg Si, d lot* oiXXoyiopbg , SijXov on tov 

Mixia-dm av efy, (dm to /uijoWf a? tmp ngotaotiov 

$lXrj<f>&<u b f <S vnttgxuv,) *«* oitog i} xmtwpomxog, 

j? etegrjnxog * ovdstdg»g d* fyx<*$&* Kmtmpttnxov 

fib ycig tje&btog, detx&Jjaet** 9m tip egor, on ovx 

bdixeraitimgxew'irUgiliHH&di, St( to ovfiriigd;- 

opctovx &fcx6(uvov,aX$ fotoyxdiip iauv* *E<sn» y&g 

to fib A, Xwxov* to di S, ap&gwtog* (q> <$ di r 9 

timog. T& di) A, to Xevxbr, Miysfm r$ fib ttot- 

t#/t$ di [itjlkri vnagfriv. *AXX* to A t$ V ot?ra 

vnuoxtv* bdixetai, ovre fitf vmxgxuv. "On fib ow 

vnugxuy oi* iyx<»g*l, yartgov ovdfa y«g Innog, 

&v&atti7tog. *AXti ovdk bdix*r&M uij inagx***. 

*Av&yxri yag, (Hjdba innov ut&gtmop ilnu* to 6* 

avayxaZov ovx %v bd*x6ft&6t>. Ovx £09 ybszas 

avXXoyiafiog^ 6. 'Opoitog di it*x&i***«h *<p i*d- 

naUv te&y to (rtsgTjnxbp, x$v Aptyittfox xatcup*n- 

xal Xwd&oiv, q orsgTjrixtu • Owe y&g trap avt&p ogrnr 

foro* ^ anods&g. 7. Kal Stop y fib xa&oXov, v 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



I ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB.L CAP.XVIL 43 

J S* iv pioef ij iptp&ngm xata pigog, q idtogunof i) 
ooajcag aXXng hddXttat ptttAufi&p tig ngatagug. 
*Ati yao eorjH diet tSp ttii&p oqw 4 emodttfeg. 8. 
iPavtgbv ovv, 8ti, <*ptj>&iif&r imp sfyofaowff xaxi 
id iydfyso&ai ii&tpivtov, ovd$lg ylmm evXioy topes* 
CAPUT XVII. 

tijg pip xaTcnporrixtig £*»££*!? uGipipw, t%g di oto- 
$i?t<xJ7? iMxeo&ctf oiifaots torai apXAoyiopog, ov- 
T£ xcc&oXov t&p ogtsy, d(V 4r /dpst Imppwopitfo*. 
*Anodei£ig 9i h avttf, *«i dm tap ovrw* ogw* "(Hap 
St r\ ph xataqxnixr} M$zt*&*f itSioTtfyttxqvTidp- 
%w tviou ovXXoyiopog. 2* JS&w*" ?«f to <4 iy 
fiiv JB finder} vnagxtw, >*$ M r wavtl Mizw&ai. 
m AyTUJTQiq>ortog ovv tov ojsgfttmvv, %b B iy A oi- 
flw* vtzuqUi,* to M <4 ffoytf Tijl JT ^5a>8T«f yhttak 
dtj ovXXoyurpog, Su irMznat to JB ptqdipl ty P, Atf 
rot/ itQwrov ozriftirtet. $SOpai*t H teal, «J nobg it? 
rrt&elri t6 oreoifTttfdV. 4. *Mmp Si ipyottQtu ph 
toavp attQfjtemjd* typefrtj 9i f ph pq vnmoxup, i 
6s ivfcxtd&m pfy fa<fy%tor* K mrubp pip %mp efctyi- 
pevo)v otidiKovptftctivto Stpmyxtuop • arrjoTfaqpafaf? di 
rij g xotttk to iptezte&ta ttfOTootoe, ybacn ovlXoyt- 
apog, oil to JB t& P iptfynw pq&tpl vrtaoxttr, ua- 
&amg h iolg ng6tegop" Ifarat yaq rtaXtr to ngmxop 
°ZW<*» 5. *Etrr tii apyeTtjpca t9&*hh xujqyoQixal, 
Qv% taxui avlkoyttpof. "Ogot lei pip vnaoy,eip, 
vytud, tfior, Sp&^mftog * rov di pq vnaqz 9 ™* vytoa, 
innog, Sp&gothog. ' 6» Tip avror it tqtmtv &U x^- 
nltwpfy pigu ovXXoywpvv. °OtaP pip yog $ to 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



4* ARISTOTBM& 

xctTayatixov imaoxov, &n xa&iXov, «Tx iv uiouXq- 
(p&b, ovtitlg tatui avXXoytopig. Tovto 6e opoivg 
xal dut wp arrow of ay faiuwrau, toig ngtrngor. 7. 
9 0tav de to artQfiTixev, fatal $im trig arrioTQo<prjg, 
xa&antg iv %&$ nooxtqov. 8. UaXiv, lav Spyw per 
td diaottjuata, ortoigTMMX Xfitp&y, xa&oXov 6e to pq 
vndqxuv 4$ avwv piv tm nooidamv ovx unai to 
ivayxalov drti<rtga<fthrcog 9i tov itMgfid&M, *«- 
ddneo iv toig noouqov, «ot«» ovXXoyiopog. 9. JBav 
Si vndgxov ph tj to orcoquxoiv iv pign 8i iij<JP#j} * 
ovx totat ovXXoyiopog, ovt* xatcupartxiig , ovie ore- 
gti%ixijg tvaijg tr^g kiigag ngotdomg. 10. OvS*, 
btav dpyoteoai Xy<p&<ooiv udiooioroi, ij xaxaqpama*, 
^ a7io<jppfT£xai, ij xata pigog. 3 Anod$£ig ds i^aviq, 
xal (ha tmv arrow oomv* 

CAPUT XV11I. 
*Ecty de fj per i£ dvdyxfjg,^ Bk ivdixto&eu o*ij~ 
palvy twk Ttyotaotoiv • tijg psv ortg^TitfJ?? dvayxalag 
ovoyg, k'oicu ovXXoytopog, ov pdvov, ot* ivdi%&ai pq 
vtkxqx*w> dkXocxal,Qx* ovx v*a§X** m T fc dfl x«T«g>a- 
Tweifc, ovxearae. 2. Kel&&a> yog, to A t<£ pe? J5 
prfievl rf£ avdyxyg vndgxuv, t£ a« I* 2p>?t hbix&- 
o&ott. AvtHjTQa<p&iot)g ovv tfjg otco^two"^, ovd* to 
B tw A pqdevl vndg£ei, to $« A navtl tw JT ivdix*- 
tou. rivnai drj nuXtv 6ux xov ngwtov oxypatog 6 
ovXXoytopog, ow to J5 ia> r ivtifaetai pydsvl vndg- 
%uv. "Apatie dtjXov, on oi$* inaqxn to jB ov&w 
t$ JT. Ktlo&& yag y vndgx**v. Oixovy, & to A t^ 
B pufapi b&ztvai, to 5s B vjtaqx^ Ttr* t<J r, to -4 
wi t£ Toi* Mtyaau UXXi JwrT* we***™ .frW- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP.XVDL 45 

Ztadcu. 3. Toy aitoy di tgoiroy Suz&yoniu ; *o* 
el ttoos t$ rvt&dij to OTeoqTtxoV. 4. n&Uv, fore 
to fib xdtiflrdgixoy uwyxaXoy, ftdttgoy Se [oTf^T*- 
*oy, xcuJ&fojojiW'or * xcrl tbAtto ub B Mixioftoi jiij- 
d*wl, tw M r* jroyrJ vnagxbto Q drdptrjg - ot?Ttt>? o3* 
ixorru* tmy ogwy, ovdttg forcr* ovJUo^fOfcoV ■ ovp- 
palyn yiig to 2? t£ I" $ avdyxtjg fsrj $ndgx*i*> "Etna 
fig ti ftb A, Xevxoy ' iq>' w 6« to J9, Sy&gumog* itf 
<p de to JT, xvxyog * to ft} Awxoy xvx?q> plr #5 ovoy- 
%i\gvndgxti, ay&gwirydt bdixsrai ovSerl* xal a*- 
&g<onog ovfftrl ^rw IJ dydyxrjg. "(hi fib o%9 
tov bdixio&m ovx Sbra* ovll+y*t*oe , <p<*vtgoy * to 
fig IS iydfxrig ovx ijy btitxtysyo*. !^ZAcr jti?* ovAt 
tov avayxaiov * to yap avctyxctiov fj g ifupotigw 
ivayxaUav, ij Ix tijs ot«oijti*iJ£ owiftumv. *Eu & 
xal tyx®Q*h tovtwy xtipbwy , to B t$ T vndgxuy 
ovdb fig x&Xvu, to fib JT into to B ehm, to di,d 
tw fib B navil Mix*o9*h *$ M I*# awyxrjg vndq- 
ZW oTov, c* to juty r rity i/grjyooog \ to ft J3, fiSoy • 
to ft <qf cp to A, xhtiatg. T$ fib fig tygrj/ogoxt 
\nttrti] IS SpifxifS xlr^olg i<m • £<»<» ft frayri lyft- 
X*tw* xal nay to ifgrjfogog £<5or; toctytgoy ovr, 
on oift tov" fi^ vnagxw etnsg, ovttag ixontor, 
iyayxi) inagx***- Ov9i drj t&v avuxsiftbwv qpao*- 
ew. "J2ot€ 01/oefc lor** avXXofWfiog. 5* "O/io/ia* 
ft dtixdyostat, nut avanalty xtd^ttarjg tfg xataqto- 
ttxrjg. 6.*Eay ft opowoxwoyig maty at ngotdottg, 
ojtgrjttxwy fib ovaSty , iil ybncu xJvXXoywfiog, ir? 
turrgct(pdo7)g ttjg xuti to bdixtadai ngoxdottag, «or- 
ftaff^o b %o\s vqoxego*. &Ui<p&m fug to A tf pb 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



45 ARISTOTELIS 

Bil avayxqg (iqvniQXM»,%$Mrb&ix*o&aiiiTi vndq* 
%uv. *ArtiatQ*fp*iomv owtmnqotioetiv^tb (tev B t&A 
oidevl imaQX* l f*<> de ^ navtl t$ rhdexaa* * ylvetai dq 
to noanov oxqpa, 8. K$v u noogtw JTte&ei^ to ateQt)- 
Tixwjwoctvtws. 9; 9 £a* 3a xazq/oiuux* ts&wgiv, ovx 
total ovXioyujfiog. Tov /icy yio /*g vnaoxBiv, % tov i% 
ayayxrjs fAT} v7iagxetV) <p<&8QG*, oty ovx atnat, dia 
to pig cLUgqpdw auqinixyv TiQQiaoiv, pfp* c* tw 
ynaqx***, \fi\xt iv t<$ l£ avayxqg vnoQjCttv. IdXXa 
Unv ovdi tov ivdi#eo&<u py V7mQX*ty* i$ aviyxr t g 
yag, ovnag ixovioav, to B t$ Fo*># wtfygu • oToy, u 
to pt> A~t6&ei&~l***ax*-i<? $ de to B,xvxvog* to 
©^ JH, uv&gomoq. Oidi ye xmv iytixeipivtw q>£at~ 
wv * insl didtixtcn, to ^njrtS avayx^ qv% vnap* 
%M • [ovx ofga y'mtak ayXXoyi^to g oiwg]. 1 6 JOfiol** 
mg de !?6i *«* &i* Tcuy & jugc* evlXoywp&y. "Oiav 
piv yag ji to oteg%tixov xa&olov te x«* ayayxalov, 
del ovMoyiopbg serai xul tov iydijfea&ai, xal tov 
fir) \mag%eiv. Idnodt&g de dia itjg avtwxgocprig. H« 
"Oray i3« to xata^atixov, ovdinote. 'JTov.avtbv yag 
tgonov dujf&iostah Qvxvl iv toig xa&olov, xal dia 
t&v ayzaty ogcov. 12. Ovd\ or ay djiq>6%tgcu Xi\- 
- (p$aj<Ji xata<patixal* xal yaq tovtov rj avtri anode*- 
hg, n xal 7tq6uq ov. 13* "Otav pe dfiaiotegat /riv ais- 
QtjTixal, xa&olov de xal avayxaia h to py vnaQx*** 
or\n<xlvovQa • di uvtCxv uev tmv eiki}fifiivt>3v ovx eotai 
to avayxaiov • uvxungucpuoqQ de t^g xata, to ivdi- 
Xeo&ai iiQojaaetDfi, eatai ovMoyiofiog , xa&dn$Q iv 
tdig ngotsgoy. 14. *£av de apyotequi adioQiotoi } f t 
A' pioth *t&<Zatv> ovx eotai avXloy 10(164 * anode&g 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL YT« PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XIX. 47 

ditjavtt), xal diet tuv avvSsv og&v. 15. 0mn^99 
ovv ix tUv eigrjuwiav, ou itjg pi* ougijtixrig xa&&- 
Xov Tt&epsvqg xal avayxalag,ad yivttai ovXXoyiopog, 
ov povov toy ivddxeo&ai py vnaqznv, alia xal tov 
p?) v71(xqx*w tip di xatayatixijg, ovdsnors* naiou, 
to* avtov tgonov frarzap, I? tttolg avayxaioig xal 
iv tolg vndgxovoi, yivetah *«* ov yivna* ovlloyt- 
opog. 16. At\Ioy di xal, on navttq. axdug o! avA- 
Xoyiopol, xal ou telttovvtmi dm tm* tigqptowv cjft- 
pdivtv. 

CAPUT XIX. 
*Ev di tto jtlsvxaly axil**** > * a * *p<po*ty** &~ 
d*%opivwv, xal trig higag, tata* ovlXoytopog. "Orar 
piv ovv iv$ix*o&ai ot}paivQvaw ai ngotaaug, xal to 
avpnigaopa totai ivdtxoptvov • xal oxor n pi* todi- 
xeo&cu, y di vnaqxw**' "Otav di % ktiqa TftfJ avay- 
xala- ' a* pi* $ xaroKpccnxij, ovx sotat to ovpniga- 
a pa avis avayxalov, ovts yndggov * dap di ]j\rt9o^r 
iixT}, tov pi) indgxttv torou ovlXoyiopog , xa&dnto 
xal to tolg ngottgov. Ar\nth* di xal to tovtoig 
opofag to to tolg ovpmgaopaot* todexoutvov. ^ 2. 
"Eot&aav dr) ngmtov ivdsxoptvai , xal to A xal to B 
navtl t$ rtodtxio&u vnagxuv. *Entl.ovv dviiatgi- 
qpn to xaTcupatixov &tl pigovg, to Si B navtl tf JT 
todixstai • xal toTtivl xty B ivdixono av. "jlats, 
il to piv A navtl to> T todixttai, to di JT titl ta B, 
avayxij, xal to A uvl to* B todixw&ai ' yivstat yag 
ti ng&tov OX*ll*<*' 3. Kal it to piv Atodixstat pi\r 
dsvl t$ r indgxsiv, to di B navtl t$ r, avayxy, xal 
to A uvl t§ B todizw&aipiivnciQZuy m *<n<*W*9 *"~ 



d by Google 



48 ASISTOTEL18 

JU* tq irg&tov xfzyji* tii amoTQOtprjs, 4.*£ct* di «/#- 
- yottgai <rtegiitiitaltt&to<jiv f £$ ttvt&v fib tip dXrjpui- 
>«v ov* eatai to* ivayxdiop' avtiatgatpuaSnr di z&* 
ngotaffttmr, totcti avXXoytOfiog, Ha&antg b xdig ngi- 
ttgor. Myag to A xat to B bdixetm tw r fitjina^ 
jeiv, iotr finalipp&y to btiixso&ou fiy vnagxuvj na- 
Uv eorat to ng&tov oxijfia dta tr^g amoTgocprjg. 5. £2 
tfe 6 /usV /art xa&oXov t&v Zgtov, 6 dibfiigw top a«~ 
top Totwro* l/oVrMy t«3v opwv, ov7ttgin\tovviiagxuv 9 
Saia* tc xa* ovx eorat ovXXoyiopog. 'Evdtxw&v yag 

TO U8V ^ TTffVTi T<5 T, TO tfl 2? tivl T$ JP VTldgX 8 ™- 

- m Eorttt dtj tt&Xiv to 7r^wTov oxvpUf t?i$ b fiigu woo- 
Taasw? avrurtQOKptioris. JEl yap to .4 nair* t$ .T> to 
fle Jf TiW tw J?, xixi to -4 Ttv* tw J5 ivdixeTai. Kal u 

\ftgogto B r te&tlr} to xa&6Xov, woavToog. 'Opoiwgdi 
not, ti to fib A r OTtQTjrtnbv tfif, to di B rxazaya- 
iixov, *Eattxi yig naXiv to ngwtov cxvfia dm t%«V- 
ti<ngd<pTjQ. 6. J& di afiq>6tegat atsgrjratal tt&wjtir ^ 
fib xa&olov fj di frfiigsf di avtiv fib\t&v\dXrip^ 
fib&r ovx total avXXoyiGjiog • ayturtgayuowv di, 
total, xu&aneg b tdig ngotegor. T.?Otav di ap<po- 
tegai&di6gunoi,ri b fiignlriy&Sioif, ovxBOtcuovXlo- 
yujfioe. Kali yog navtl avdyxrj toAtfyB, *«* pydtvl 
VTiagxiir. "Ogoi toi vthxqxuv, gaoy, ov&gwto$, X%v- 
*ov rof> fiy im&gzw, Ximog, av&gcmog, Xsvxov pi- 
aor, Xevxoy. 

CAPUT XX. 
'E&v di y fib irnagzsty, % di bdizto&ai ayfiaby 
t&f ngoidatmp • to fib oVjinigaopa tbrat, ou b5i- 
Z**ttt, xal o6& on viUgzto. SvXXoytopos di Imm, 

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AN ALYTV PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XX. 40 

toV avtbr tginop jxirmv T«r oguv, [or xori tV to*V 
frooTcpoyJ. 2. "Eotwoa* yag xgitop »ati)yogixoi' xal 
to pb A nartl i$ r vnagxit» $ to di B nartl |"t<J 
JTJ &0fjreWfi>[vffo^£sip*J oWiOT0«^er»o? ow xovB F, 
to ngtotov tatai <wbfta ' xai to ovpndgaopa, on h- 
ddxercu to A rivl t$ B VTiaqxsir. "Ott yog y itioa 
tStv TXQOTaatwv iv t$ ngmtm oxfipatiaqpalvtitod&x*- 
odcth xaltoovpnigaopa q* irfyxoptpor. 3. c Oftotog 
Si %al, titb pw B r vnagzur, toMAr tVoqgeodw 
mo* H to piv A T otigfjiixbr, tbdiBT xatnyogixbr, 
vnaqxu & O7tottgorovr apo}o*9gmtiwd$x6p9ro* later* 
to GVfHtioaeua' yiveut* yog niUv to ngmtov oxn+ 
pa •' didnxtat d\ ott, tqg Moot ngotiotwg Mix** 
<j&ai oqpatpoioqg i* avty Hal to avftmgaopa [fora*] 
/p^qfoperop. 4. El & te iv&txoptrov to ottgynxop 
ti&ein ftgbg to ikartov axgow, q xal apgm kr}<p&ilq 
otBofitixa* Si avTtb piv tm* xttptrmr oix sanaiovk- 
koyiopog » dvtt(nga(f>hfto)w d 3 , sorat, xa&antg iv toig 
ngingor. &. El di q pip xa&ikov tw ngotaotw, 
q diip fUqti* xatqyogw&p pip ovoip ap<po*ig*)P' q 
tqg pip xa&okov ottgqtmqg, tqg £' 4v pignxataya- 
ttxqg • o aitbg tgonog totcu iw ovXkoyiofiwv * »«*- 
t&g yaif ntoabortai diet tot ngtatov oxqpatog* "Jlott 
ymptgby, ontov ipdix**&ahxal oitovv7ragzt$p r $<run 
o oviloyutpoq. 6* El de q per xataipatixq xa&6* 
kov, q di oregqitnrj dp peon ■ Sta tov advpatov fatai 
q anodtt$i?. c ¥jmxqx**<* Y<*% to pi* B nartl tm r, 
to &eA iv&exjie&tt ml t« J>3 vnagxuv * apayxtj 6%, 
to A iv$ix*&&<*l ttPt tyBfit) vnigxuv* El yag naytl 
*$ Btb A iiwgxth 11 avaynqs, to di B nartl ff/ 1 
Amst. Anal. D 



60 ARISTOTELIS 

hutch vn£gxsw> to A nmvtl tw T i$ avayxqs vndg- 
£er tovio yag didei xtai ngotegov. °Al£ vnixeito, nvt 
ivdixw&ou py vn&gx*n>. lJ"Otav ds adwQtotoi, rj iv 
piget Xij(p$<ti<siv dpyotegat, ovx eatai ovXXoyiopog. 
'Ano-du&g di fj avti\ t i} xal iv toig xa&okov, xal did 
twv aiijwv ogav. 

CAPUT XXL 
El di iativ fj piv avayxala tmv ngotdamv, y Si 
ivdsxofievr}, xattjyogixav pivbvttovogmv' autov irdi- 
X€a&at toxat ovXXoyiopog. "Otav d' 17 to piv xcmj- 
yogixov, to di otsqtjtixov idv piv jj to xatatpattxov, 
dvayxaiov, tov ivdix*o&ai py vndgxw idv Si to 
ojsgrjtixov, xal tov ivdixto&ai pi} vnagxw, xal tov 
ptj inagxw, tov di 4$ dvayxrjg pi] vndgxsiv ovx total 
ovXXoyiopog, Sontg oyd* iv tolg frigoig oxypaoiv. 2. 
"jZataoav Si) xattjyogixol ngmtov ologoi, xal to piv A 
navtl T<p r vnagxitto i£ avdyx^g , to di B navtl 
£t<*» r\ ivdsx4o&(a vJtagxHv • insl ovy to ph A navtl 
' tw Pel avayxrig, to di Ttivl top B ivddx*tai' xal 
to A t**** t$ B ivdsxoptvov sotai, xal ovx vndgxov • 
ovtatg yag ovvinintsv inl tov ngtatov oxrfpoitog. 3. 
'Opoi&g di dsixdyottai xal, d to piv B T n&tii] 
dvayxaiov, to di A r ivdexopsvov. 4. HaXiv low* to 
piv xatyyogutov, to di ottgytixov - dvayxaiov di to 
xatrjyogixov • xal to piv A ivdexio&w pydsvl t$ r 
indgxnv, to di B navtl vnagxitta 4£ dvdyxyg t$ TV 
*£<5tcu drj ndXiv to ngtikov oxnpa • xal to ovpniga- 
opa ivdsxopsvov, al£ ovx vndgxov • xal yag ij ot«- 
grjtixti ngotaotg ivdixw&ai oypaivei * qpavsgov bvv, 
o't* to ovpnigaopa sotai ivdsxopsvov ot8 yag ovtwg 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXI. « 

tyouv at itgotaauq 4r r$ n^wtm t^pem, xal to 
avfmioaapa i)y iyd$z6fiW9v. 5. El d* y 0*spqnxq 
ngotaaig avayxaia • xal to ovtimgaopa' eotat, xal 
on iv&exviul %m pr\ vnagxnv, xal ait ov% vnagxu. 
Ktio&M yag to A jm T prj vnagxsiv i$ nyaptyg, to 
ds B navti ivdixto^ai. uivttatgaqpdvtog ovv tov B Jf* 
xata<patixov, to itowtov tfatcti <JXnP a > xal avayxaia 
m ottgiytixii ngotaaig, "Ov* d* ovtwg eJxov ai ngota- 
OBig, owiflttM, toA ttaFxal h6ix*o&ul w» pr\ vndg- 
Z*Wy xal fit] vnaqxw* "Slots xal to A tw B avayxi) 
tivl pfivnagxuv* 6 t "Otav ds tbateg^tixbvts&^ ngbg 
tq h'Xattov axgov, iav fisv ivfcxipwo*, «nrcw ovXXo- 
ytofibg, (JtetaXr}(p^${a^g TTjg ngotdatwg, xa&antg ip 
toig ngotsgev. 7. *Ea* 6* avayxaiov, ovx Iotcm* xal 
yag navtl avayxt], xal oidtvl ivdix*tai vnagxttv. 
* Ogovtov navtl vna{>x HV > vtivo?, innog, xa&ev&ov av- 
•d-gomog* tov difitifevi, VTtrog, Xnnog, £ygqyogwgav- % 
dgwtog* 8. c Ofiokog di $«f xal, *l bp&fxa&iXov tap 
og(av,o f h fiigsmgbg to fUoov xavufog&w fih ov- 
xtav afiopotifm', tov ivddx*&&<**9 xal ovtovvndgxuv, 
tatatuvXXoyiOfiig, Kalotavtifih attg^tixov Xr}<p&fp 
to di xataq>atixov * avayxaXov de to xatayatvxiv ' 
Qtav d$ to otsg^tixbv avayxaiov, xal to ovfmigaopa 
BOtat tov fir} vnaQXtiv. c O yag aitbgtgonog Ifcrtaitiqg 
unodtl£iwg, xal xct&oXov, xal /tij xa&olov tmpgt&p 
o vt«v. 'Avayxrj yap, diet tov ngtitov ax^fiarog t«- 
luovo&ai toiig ovXXoyi afiovg. "Slats, xa&antgivixil- 
voig, xal brl tqvtwv ivayxaiov ovpnimeiv. 9 "Otav 
&t to otig^tvxbv xa&oXov Xrjqt&h i«#jj ngbg to sXoitto* 
(xxqoV lav §iiy bdexopwov, I'ora* avXXoyiapbg dta 

D 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



52 ARISTOTELIS 

rrig avjsoTQOcpyg. *Ear 8s aray.xa%09 f ovx ISmrac dtt- 
Z&7\qzi<h $i tip avtbp tqonop, or xal to totq xa&oXov, 
xal dot t&p avrtHv clow. 10. Gartoop ovp, xal iv 
rovry T9 oxyfjuxr* not* xal n*g torai ovlXoytOftog • 

Xal TlQTt TOV MiX6(J&CU, XCCI 7TOT8 TOV Vitality. 11. 

JijXop ds xal, Sn Ttavitg JhsXtZg, xal St* tslstovnat 
dtp tov WQmtov o*»j/*aros. 

t CAPUT XXII. 
"Or* ph ovp oi h tovtoig To%g o%fjftmn avXXoyi- 
opol tiXuovvtut dm t&p ip tw ny&xv ozqfuxvt xa&o- 
Xov ovXXoywpw, xal tig tovToyfi arayorra*, SyXor 
4x wp tiQmpipwp' on y anlugnag oviXoyiopog ov- 
toog&u, vv***nwq>ttP%BOP 9 Star dty&jj nag yurofttpog 
dta tovtttip upog tup ax^fiaTWP^ % 'Ap&yxy dq, na- 
oar anodti&r xal nana- ovXXoywpbp ? vnaofor ti, 
jj (it) vn«W°Vf fautpfcm • xal tovto ij xa&olov, r { 
xaTa peoo?* *u $ fautxumg, V £ vnotfiaewg ■ tov d' 
&vno$Mm*iUQogtoti+kaTovtovP4KOV. 3.ffQwtop 
pip ovp £n*ptpn$e\ to* fauux&p • tovtup. yao to*- 
X&ivxtap, qyapfoor Mata$xal4khwp cfe to advruTOP, 
xal Slug wp g vno&tevg. 4* i£t A) #o* to A xara 
tov B ovXXoyfoao&oti »g vboiqZ * > V "*! vnaoxov, 
avayxi), Xafkipt* xecit* wog< 5. El /tev ©w to A 
xcna to B Xfpp&tty, to 41 aging «ff«» silqfip&oy. 
6. El fo xaw tovT, to ii r xortit pTjfarog, pqd* aX~ 
Xo xaf 4x*irov t jvt}te xataTOv Atttoov ovdtlg form 
avXXoyuruog'Ty yu?. %p xw& kvbo Xw^fyoz ovdto 
wpflatptt i$ uruyxfff. a J2oT« noovXyntiop xal kiioav 
nootaotp. ?. 'Eop /Up ovp Xf)<p&f t to A xar aXXov, 
y aXXo xcna tov A, i^xaii jov rkrtfQp* tlyou pip 

Digitized by dOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LI*. I. CAP. XXII. 53 

ovXXoytogibv ovdiv xtoXvti' nqbg fihtot to B oix 
eoicu did twv iiXtipgiiviov. Oid', otav to r hiqta, *$- 
xsivo aXXto, xal rovro itiqta, pq avvantjj di nqbg to 
B, ovd* ovttog Ibrai nqbg to B avXloyiopog tov A. 
"OXmg ydq efnofiev, ow oidtlg. ov&eaort total ovXXo- 
yiopbg SXXov xax &XXov$ fifj Xrjtp&dnog Tivbg pioov, 

nqbg btdtsgov exetTiwg Taig xatfjyogiaig. 'Oftiv ydo 
ovXXoyiopbg dnXmg ix itqotdat&v ioriv 6 di nqbg 
rode ovXXoyiofibg ix jav nqbg teds nqordatM, c O di 
Tovde Ttgbg Tods did r»v xovde nqbg too** nqotdamv. 
*Advvaxov di, nqbg. to B Xaftiiv nqoxaoiv fiydiv ju»Jt« 
statrjyoqovv tag avtov, [ifae dnaqvovfsivovg 9 % ndXiP 
tovA nqbg xoB firfiiv xotvbv Xaftfldvovtag, dXX* i*a- 
riqov Xdia ana xaiqyoqohrtag, ^ dnaqvovpivovf. 
v J2ore Xrjnviov ti pioor d/Kpdiv, S owdyu rag xaxt)yo- 
giag, ttntq I'orai rovd* nqog rids ovXXeyictfiog. 8. El 
ovv dvdyxrj fiiv t* Xajffiv nqbg apqyo xoivov tovto di 
ivdizetau tqtx&g' fj ydq to A tov r, xal to J 1 tov If 
xarriyoqijoaviag, j} to r xar dptpoXv, $ ctptpta xati 
tov T* ravra d' itnl t« elqypdva orgvfpaTtf • <pavtqbv 
ovv, Sit ndvxa ovXXoytOftbv avdyxij y bead at did 
TovTtor rtvbg t£*v azupaxtov. 9. c O ydq avzbg Xoyog, 
xal u did nXtiovvtv owdnToi nqbg to B- to avxb ydq 
tOTtxt, oxrjpa xal inl x&v noXXiav^ 10. "Oil piv ovv 

01 dtixxvxol ndvxtg ntqalvovxai didxoMf nqoeiqtjfitpoav 
GZypdwv, <pavtqov. 11. "Oil di xal oi &g xbddvva- 
Tor, drjXov Sorer* did xovxtav^ Eavitg ydo ol did tov 
ddwdrov ntqaivovxtg to (iiv yftvdogovXXoyiSovrat, to 
d' £$ dqx^g £ vnodiomg duxvvovotv, oxav ddvvaxov 
U avfipalvji, Tr^g drtupdamg tt&tlorig' olov, an aovp* 

\ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



54 ARISTOTELIS 

pstQog 7 t dtdfittgog, did to yipto&ai xd mgtxxi 1<ra 
•tots dgxloig? avfifiitgov xs&tioris. To psp ovp,laa y/ye- 
o&at xd nsgixxd xotg dgxlotg, avXXoyltopxat f xo d\ 
aovftfieTQOV that %r\v diapBxgop, 4$ vno&eomg dstxpv*- 
ovotv,intl yevdog ovft/3aivsi did xr\p dpxiopamp, Tovxo 
ydg rp> to did xov'ddvpdxov ovXXoyloao&ai, to del- 
ta! xt ddvpaxopdtd xr,p & dgxw VTto&tatp. "Jio?*, 4jibI 
xov y/evdovg yipsxai avXXoytofjtig detxxixog 4p xotg tig 
to ddvvaxov ditayopivoig* xo-d' 4$ dgxyg iSvTTo&eoewg 
dsixpvxar xovg-dediutx4xovg ngoxtgop etnofiBp, ox* did 
xovxtop n$gaipopxat x&tp axijpdzw ipapegop ovp, ou 
[xat j oi did xov d&vvdtev GvXXoyiOfAol did xovxojp 
toovxdt xStv ctfif/uaTW*. 12. 'fl&avzatg di xal ol allot 
ndvitg ol'4£ vno&ioswg • 4r anaai ydg 6 fih ovXXo- 
yiafiog ytvtrai ngvg to fiixuXafi/iaPO/iBPOP • to 3' 4$ 
aQxyg nsgaipsxatdi opoXoylag, fjxtvog aXXq'g vno&i- 
atiog, 13. El di xovx 'dXq&ig, naaav dnodet&ip xal 
ndvxa ovXXoytofibv dvdyxrj ylvsa&cu did xguap toj? 
ngoeiQrjpevojv oxyfiaxmp. Tovxov di deix&ipxog,dqXoP, 
mg anag xb ovlXoytofiog imxtXttovxai did xov tiqw- 
xov oxqpaxog, xal dvayexai ug xovs & xovrm xa&o- 
Xov ovXXoyiopiovg. 

^ CAPUT XXIII. 
Ext di, h anaai del xaxyyogixop xwa x&p Sgtap 
tlvat, xal to xa&oXov vitdgxBiP ' apfv ydg xov xa&6~ 
Xov fj ovx soxat ovXXoytafJibg, *J ov ngog to ngoxtl- 
fispov, rj to 4$ agxye aixyoBxai. Ktio&G) ydg 9 *qp 
l*ovoixi}vridoviiv slvat anovdalap. Mjihf ovp d^uuoiiBP, 
v)dopr\p shat. anovdalap, pryngoo&Blg to, ndoav ovp 
?<jT«i ovXXoytefiog. El di, xipa ijdoprjp : *l pip Sllfjp, 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXIV. 55 

ovdiv ngbg to ngoxeipevov • & d* aviqv tavrijy, to 
4$ ag^VS Xafifidvu. MdXXov ds ylvtTat (pavtgbv iv 
tolg diaygdpfiaoiv • olov , [Sw] tov ioooxsXovg loon 
ai ngbg jt} (Man. "EoT&oav tig x6 xivxgov rjy pivot 
at A B. El ovv Vorjv Xappdvei ir\v A JT ytoviav Tjj 
B A, pr] oXtag a£uooag year lag ia wv ypixvxXiav ■ 
*al ndXiv %r\v r%ji A, pi) nddav ngoaXa($av tr)v tov 
jpypatog • It* di, an totav ovomv tuv b'Xotv ywvtav 
Hal i'ocw ayjigripivtw, Voctg iivai Tag Xomag Tag E 
Z' 10 i£ agx^g aU^osTai' idvpr) Xdfirj, dnb twv iowvloa 
oiqpaigovpiviav, loa Xsinta&ai. toavtgbv ovv , oti iv 
anaai del to xa&oXov vndgxiw * xal, oti to piv xa- 
•froXov *S *7iavxo)v Tmv oQtov xad-oXov dsixvvxai* to 
d° iv pigsi xal ovxag, xaxdvag. "SIots , lav psv y 
to avpnsgaapa xad-oXov, xal iovg ogovg dvdyxrj xa- 
S-oXov elvai. 3 Eav ds ol ogoi xa&6Xov, ivdizsjai, to 
ovpnsgaopa pr} slvat xa&oXov. 2* Ar\Xov ds xal, 
qti iv anavii ovXXoyiopy rj dpcpoTsgag, % Ttjv frigav 
ngoTaaiv, ouoiav dvdyxr\ yivea&ai t§ ovpnsgaopa" 
ti. Asyta o" ov pbvov t$ xaTaq>aTtxr)v Avai>,r\ ore- 
qv(tixr\v % aXXa xal tw ivayxalav, r) indgzovo'av, r) iv- 
dtxofisvrjv. 'Emoxiyao&at> ds del xal Tag dXXag xaxrj- 
yogiag. 3. ftavtgbv ds xal, dnX&g noxs soxai, xalnpTS 
.ovx soxai ovXXoyiopog • xal uots dvvaxbg, xal noxe 
tikuog • xw. oti, ovXXoylopov ovxog, avayxatov, fysiv 
Tovg ogovg xaxa Tiva t£>v ugrifiivwv igontpv. 
CAPUT XXIV. 
AfjXov de xal, oti naoa anoduhg toiai dia Tgiwv 
OQb)v, xal oi nXeiovwv.' iav py di aXXtov xal aXXwv 
to. qw gvpnigaopa yivQTai* Q t loy i to £ diy tc twv 

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66 ARISTOTELIS 

A B, xaidiawp T A'% did t&r A B, xal A Z\ xal 
B T* nXdm yio pica twp ait tap ovdip that x&Xvti' 
toitap di orttav, oi/ tig » iXXa nXtlovg uoh> ol ovX- 
Xoyiopoi. *H n&Uv, Stop kxdttgop tip A B dta ovX- 
Xoyiapov Xyip&jj* dor, to A did rwv /IE* xal ndXip 
to B dta uav Z S, "Iff to pip inaywyjj • to di wX- 
Xoyiopy.- IdlXct ual o vtwg nXeiovg oi ovXXoyutpoi" 
nltib) ydo t« ovpntodopurd forty* olop, to te A, 
xal to B, xal to JT. H. El 6" ovr py nXdovg, dl£ 
tig • ovtmg pip iv&txvta* ytp%a&ai did nXuop&p to 
avtd ovpntoaopa. 3. VZ? di to V dta rmp A B, 
ddvvator. *Eatin ydo to E avpnmtqaapivov £x tmp 
AB r J. Ovxovp dpdyx*;, n ait&p &XXo nqog aX- 
Xo ulqcp&at* to pip, »s oAov to fl,' w? ftsoo?. 7%w- 
to yio didsixiat, nooteoop , on, optog ovXXoywpov, 
dvayxo&ev, ovrwg tivkq %x*w tip ogtop. *£/&«» ovv 
to A ovtagngog to B. **Egtw Sou t$ 4$ ait* pvvp- 
mgavpa. Ovxovp tjftotto E> if tip T 4 dixtyop, 
fj &XXo t* naod lavra. Ketl ti pip to E* 4a t&v A 
B popup a* tfq b oyXXoytopog, Ta dirJ,*i pip 
fyst ovtwg, (Sot that to pip, wg oXop, to ti\ &g pe- 
Qog* %atai n xal /£ ixefruv * xal %toi to E, fj t&p A 
B -ddtsgov, % aXXo it naoa rctvjct. Kal si to pip E, 
^ tip A B &dt£Qov • ij nXstovg saoptai oi ovXXoyi- 
dpol, ij, ig tvtdixrto, taito did nXnovtap ofw ««- 
gaipsa&at, ovppatvn. El 6" aXXo ti naoa tavta' 
nXtlovg soortat, xtxl aovwrntioi ol ovXXoyiopol noog 
aXXyXovg. JSi de pij ovtmg fyoi to rngbg to A, <5ot« 
notiip ovXXoyiopop' pavtp %$tat siXrjppiva, u pi 
tJtayayrjg, rj xgvfmg, ij tipog aXXov tup to*oi/tw 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



AN ALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXV. 57 

yagiv. El di ix xw A B uqxb E, dXXa aXXo xt yi~ 
rsxai ovunigaoua \ix di xwv rJ r\ xovxw ddxtgoy, 1} 
alio naga xavxa, nldovg xt ol ovXXoytouol ylvov~ 
tat, xa* ov xov VTioxtiuirov inixtixo ydg, tlrcu xov 
E xbv ovXXoytauop. El 9t uij yb$xa$ ix x&y A B 
firjdiv ovunlgaaaa , fiaxyy xe avxa siXfjfp&ai ovp- 
palvu, xal fir\ xov i$ <*QZV$ xlvat t0 * wXXoytauov. 
"floxe q>ay$gby, or* naoa aitodu&g xal nag ovXXoyi- 
ofiog loxair ha torn* ogxay uoyoy. 
CAPUT XXV. 
Tovtov 6* ovxog <pavtgov, drjXoy, ig xal ix Svo 
ngoxdot&y, xal ov nXnbymv oi ydg xgiig oqoi Svo 
ngoxaoug, tl ay ngooXaupdyoab xh, xa&dntg h xdig 
iSagx^g tXex&ri, ngbg Tf\v xtXtiaoiy x&y ovXloyt- 
Gjuwv. 2. *Pavtg6v ovy, [on] «>; iv $ Xbyy ovXXoyi- 
<jxiko) uij aortal tloiy at irgoxdostg, d*' &v yivtxai xi 
oyunigaouaxb xvoiov, (evict ydg xmy ava&ty ov[t+ 
nsgaoudxay ayayxaloy urai ngoxdoug,) ovxog b Xo- 
yog ij ov avXXeXoyunat, fj nltta x&ravayxaiw rjgto^ 
%HX* ngbg xr\v &doty. 3. Kaxa uiy ovy xdg xvgiag 
ngoxdotig lapfiavouiyvy x&y ovXXqyiouuv > dnag 
total ovXXoyioubg ix ngoxdosay aky agxiow, i£ Sguv 
Si nsgtxx&y •. evl yig nXtlovg ol ogo$ x&y ngoxdoeay. 
"Eoxat tie xal xi avuntgaouaxa tiutovx&yngoxdotwt. 
4*"Oxav 3i did ngoovXXoytouiov ntgai>r)tai f r] did 
nlubyvy ufouv at} avyijfi* 9 (ploy xb AB fax x&v r 
A •) to ah nXq&og x»y ogmy ioavxpg ivl vmgi&w 
xag~ngoxdoeig * *} yotg e$<odevy rj tig xb uioov, x$&y~ 
otxai nagepninxM ogog. 'Attyoxigwg di ovu(lal~ 
v$ip iylHaxxn thai ra dietary pata %m ogw *& M 

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58 AIUSTOTELIS 

Ttgoxdoetgloaixolg dtaoxrjpaoiv * ov pirxoi ai pkv asl 
Sgxiai soovxai , oi de nsgixxol' dX£ ivaXXd$, Sxan 
pkv ai itgoxdoug ctgtiai, nsgixxol oi oqoi* oxav d* ol 
oqoiaqxtoi, neqixxal ai nqoxdatig. °Apa ydg in 
og<p pia ngooxi&sxai nqoxaatg, av bno&tvovv ngoa- 
ie&fi o ogog, "Jlou, intl ai- ph agxiai, ol de *«- 
qixxol rjaav dvdyxtj, nagaXXdxxtiv, xqg avxr^g ngov- 
S-iamg yevopivijg. Ta ds avpnsgdopaxa ovxixi xyv 
avxrjv eUi xdtw, ovxs noig tovg ogovg , ovxs ngbg 
tag nqoxdaug" kvbg yaq Sqov nqooxi&tpivov , avp- 
ntgdapaxu ngaoxt&i}(jeiaib>l iXdiTco xav nqovnaqxov- 
tav oqw nqbg pdvov yaq xbv saxaxov [oqov] oi 
aoiu ovpniqaopa, nqbg de tovg dXXovg ndvxag • olov, 
u x$ A B r nqoaxuxai xb A, tv&vg xal ovpnsqd- 
opaxa dvo nqoaxuxai, to, xt nqbg xb A, xal xb nqbg 
to B, 'Opolwg de xtjnl xwv aXXwv. Kav tig xb pi-* 
aov di naqtpninxij, xbv avxbv xqonov • nqbg eva yaq 
povov ov noti]ou ovXXoytopov. "Jloxt noXv nltion 
tot ovpmqaopaxa xal xiov oqw eaxaj t xal i<3v ngo- 
Tctacuy, 

CAPUT XXVI., 
'£nsl 6* sxopev, neql (av oi ovXXoyiapol, xal nolov 
b> kxdaxta ax^paxi, xal nooax&g deixvvxaf qxxvsgbv 
tjpiv iou xal, nolov nq6(}Xi}ua x^Xsnbv, xal nolov 
svtmxuqifiov. To piv yaq iv nXdooi oxnpaoi, xal 
did tzXuovmv nxtoomv ntqaivoptvov, §aov to d* in 
4Xdttooi,xal di* iXaxxovav, dvoenix*iqi)xoxtqov. 2. 
To piv ovy xataqtaxixbv to xa&oXov did xov nqoitov 
oxrjpaxog delxvvxat povov, xal [did] xovxov povct- 
%&g. To Hi QTiqtixixbv did xov nqdxoVg xal did xov 



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AN ALT T. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXVl. 50 

pioov xal dia pkv tov nqwtov povax&g * dia di toy 
fiiaov dix&s* Tod* iv pigti xaraqpaxtxiv dia tov 
jfQtoTOVfKctl dia rov iox&tov povaxig ft fa dia toy 
tiqcotov • rgix&g di dta %ov io/drov. To di otBgy* 
tixov to xazapdgog iv aitaoi tolg oxipaaidtixwtai' 
nXi\v iv piv r$ n^oxt$,anal' iv di t$ p&ay, xal t<J 
ioxdt^iv *$ pfa, dix&g * to T $ di, t^U^S. 3. <p«- 
y«ooy oi5y, ot* to xadoiov xaxr^ogixov xaraoxtva* 
aai piv xaXsntotaiov, avaaxtvaaai di gaoior. "OXojg 
d* ioxlv avaigovvxi piv %a xcc&olov wv iv pigw 
$%ov xal yag, yv pt}devl, xal, %v xivi pr\ V7tdgx$, 
dvTjgrjjai ' tovitov di to pfa, ttvi pr\ , iv anaoi tolg 
axfipaoi ddxvvrai • to di, prfiivl, iv tolg dvai. Toy 
avxbv di xgonov xanl xwv oxegr}Tix<av. Kai yaq 
ti navxl, xal, ti tivi, ctvygyrctno i$ agxqg' xovxo Of, 
ijv iv dvo oxyu«oa>. °Enl di iw iv pigti, povax&g, 
-»j navxl, % pydevl dd$ouxo imagxuv* Kaxaoxwdr 
£ovri di gaoa xa iv pigsi* xalyig iv nXtioaiaxtipaoi, 
xal dux nXeiovw xqoncav. 4. "OXwg xs oi tin Xav~ 
&avuv, oxi avaaxtvaaai uiv di aXXfjXmv ioxl xal to 
xa&oXov diet t<3v iv pigti, xal xavxa dia xw xa&dr 
Xov, Kaxaoxtvdaai d 3 ovx Xoxi dia xwv xaxapigog 
tit- xa&okov, oV ixtivwv di xavxd ioxiv. 5. "Apa di 
dyXov, oxt xal to avaaxtvd&ivioxlxovxaxaoxevd&iv 
Qqov. 6. nig pfa ovv yivtxai nag ovXXoyiopbg, « 
xal dia no amv Sgwv xal ngotdaswv, xal nxog ixovoav 
ngag aXXtjlag • Mil di, noiov ngoflXripa iv btdoxy o/ijr 
paxi, xal nolov fa nXiioot, xal nolov (v iXaxtooi 5e/- 
xrvrat, dqXov ix i5>v (igtipivwv. 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



40 ARISTOTELIS 

CAPUT XXVII. 

Jlig Si tinogyoopsv aixol ngbg to n&ifievow 
off ovXXoyiopav, xal Sid noiag bSov Xi}ip6fi€&a rag 
nsgl txaaxov agxdg, vvv r^Sti Xsxxiuv • ov povov ydg 
lacog del xhetogur tijv yivcoiv x&v avXXoyiafiav , alia 
xal %rp dvvafny $x*w tov noiiiv. 2. 'Airanwv 
dri twv orxwr ia /*«V iati xotavia, mot* xaxdur^Sivog 
aXXov xaxrjyogeio&ai aXri&ag xot&oXov (olov KXiwv, 
xal KaXXiag, xal xo xa&ixaoxov, xal alo&ijxop *)x«- 
id Si xovxmv aXXa • (xal ydg av&gamog xal Jlwov Ixare- 
qov xovxwv ioxl") xd Si avid ukv xat aXXav xatriyogti- 
*ai, xaxd/tovxwv Si aXXa ngoxtgov ov xarifyogtlxai* ra 
Si xal avxd aXXwv, xal etviwv fagot, oiov av&q&nag 
KaXXiov, xal dv&gtinov Jwov. 3. "0?» uh ovr £V«a 
t&v ovxwv xai ovStvbg necpvxt Xiyeo&ai, drjXov twj> 
ydg alo&qxtoir sxtSov txaaxov fori xoiovxov • war* /*ij 
xatrjyogtio&ai xatd ftrjSwog, nXqv wg xaxd ovpffs- 
flrjxog, 0a/iiv ydg noxs, to Xsvxbv ixeivo 2iaxgdxi\r 
thai* xal xo ngoaibv KaXXlav. *Oxi Si xal inl to 
aVw nogtvoptvoig Xoxaxai noxt, naUv igoypsv • vvv 
S* faTw xovxo xti(isv6v. . 4. Kara uh ovx tovxup 
oix toxiv anoSiilai xaxyyogovuevov exegov, nXrjp el 
fit} xaxd So$av aXXa tavta xax aXXmv. OvSi ta 
xa& txaoxa xax aXXtov • aXtf hega xat 9 ixdvfov • ta 
Si (iixa$v, drjXoy, &g apyoxigiog ivd&xticu • xal ydg xal 
avxd xax aXXwv, xal aXXa xaxd xovtcay Xex&jjoetau 
Kal ax*Sbv ol Xoyot xal al oxeipeig ual udXtcrta ntgl 
Tovxwv. 5. del Si xdg ngoxdoug ntgl fxaoxor o5- 
t<ag ixXafipdvHv vnoxi&ipwov • avxb 7igwxoy,xalxovg 
ogio/iovg t% 9 xal oaa i'Sta tov itgdypatog iativ * sixa 

v.. 
Digitized by V«jO 



ANALYT. PRIORI LIB. 1. CAP. XXVII. 61 

ft era tovto , oaa frerrtt t$ nqaypan, xal naXtv , ol$ 
to nqayfia axoXov&fi, xal oaa jut/ Ir&jfrrat avx$ 
vnaqX*iv. Olg d 3 avto pr k Mixvtai, ovx ixXqmior, 
Sta to avttatqiq>up to ottquttxov. 6. Aiaiqniov Si 
xal twv knofiiptor, oaa t$ iv t& tl ioti, xal Sou [mg] 
ilka, xal Zoa mg <rvu(k/Sfi*6t* xatijyopeitaf xaltov- 
twv ndia do$aonx&g, xal nota xat* aXfj&t$av. u Ogm 
fiiv yaq iv nXuovmt toiovzow ewtogy tig, &attov 
trttvlttou avfmtgavfiau oota d' av uXrj&totiow, 
paXXov anodti&t. 7. du 6k ixXiytw fiy %a Wh kno- 
peva, aXX* oca oXtptty nqayftavi Jhrnai' olov py, t« 
nvt av&qwTtto, aXXa, tl navtl avxtqwrnp inn at. Jtit 
yaq tS>p xa&oXov nqotaoew o uvXXoyiOfi6g, 3 Adio- 
gixrtov fiiv oiv ovtog, ad^Xov, ti xa&oXov q nqnta- 
aig* duaqtopirov di, (pattgov. %/Ofiolmg 9 3 ixlt- 
xtdov xal, olg avto tntxai oXotg , dice tijp slqriuirqp 
alt lav. 9. Avto 6i to btoperop ov Xrjnriov oXop 
tntaSat • XAym 6 ', oiop ir&qwtip nut £&op, ijf {lovotxf, 
naoav ijtiarypw al£ itnX&g popoyaxoXov&up, *a- 
&&mq xalTtqotuvoiu&a* xal yaq &xq^^tOP £«t*-.. 
qov, xal a&ivatov olov ttavta Sv&qosmop that nav 
iSop* ri dtxatoavprjv Sntait aya&op. *AX£, itnttm, 
in ixtipov to navrl Uyttat. 10. "Otar V vno t#- 
pog ittqtixritai tb vnoxtipwov, $ 1a kn6u$Pa &£i Xa- 
(M? • t« [it* tw xa&oXov in&utra, i) prjirtOftttv, olx 
ixXtxtiop ivtovtotg' t%ki\ittai yaq h htttpoig. Q Oaa 
yaq ?ww, xal av&q<an<$ larra* • xal, oca jut/ vrtaqytt, 
woavtwg. Tit di ntql txaotop I'dta Xfjntiov XUrti 
yaq arra tw fflu fdia naqa to yivog ' avayxti yaq 
tolg httqoig tfdunv fdia atta vnaox***- 11- °*&* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



52 ARISTOTELIS 

rrjg avworooqp^. *£ap Si avayxaZo*, ovx tmat. 4e*- 
Z&yotiai, di top avtb* TQonov, or xal ip tolq xa&6Xov, 
xal diet tStp avttoy oqmv. 10. &avtqbv ovr, xal & 
tovty 1$ oxyfiaz* nors xal n*>g tcrtai ovXXoyta^iog • 
xal 7f6jt to«5 ipdixto&cu, xal nets xov wrtrgfijy. 11. 
JtjXov dcxal, Sti mxvitg uitXug, xal or* ttkuowrai 
fait to* wQmtov ezifiatog. 

^ CAPUT XXII. 
"Or* pir avp ol to rovroig t<&g axqpttOh ovXXoyi- 
opol isiuovvtut dm t£? ip 1$ Ttqmm o£ifpa?r **&6- 
Xov ovlXoyiapwp, xal rig iwrouff apiyovtm p SijXop 
4x imv ugypivw qu y anXAgnag vvlXoyurpig ov- 
Tw$e|w, rrownatojoytooV, ota* fow&jj nag ytvefterog 
due twfowp wo* tup ovrip*t»v~ 2. 'Avayxrj dif, na- 
actp etnodu&r xal Ttttna evXXoyuff^p % wteeffor xt, 
y (i% vn&fzov, dvtxpvrm - xtcl tovto j} x#$oXov, % 
xaxit fttyvg- fa $ tuxxueng, y £ vno#6<J€*>$ • tov d* 
Hvno&iatagfUQogioT} »d«a tov otdvporov. 3. ffgvtop 
friv ovv duality too? tw faxr«*«n' • tovt»k /wo &*- 
X&ivTtoy, aaptqap tetx«WwT(^« ? to a<$iWo*, 
xa* oJU* w* *3 w^wi«j, 4. *£ &j £t'o* Ta ^ srora 
tov JB ovXXvyfoa<f#cti mg vth»qx<>* , i mil vxoiqxw, 
•vvy**h^ kmftOx-u xv*» uros< 5. & pi* ovp to Ji 
xmi to B Xw&*ty, to* # «*?*? **«* $lh^fMvov. 
6. -E* At x«Ta tovjT, Ti W JT xwrw pqfoo& pifii al- 
io mi tetany <pitytt ***a t<w A fa w ovtsi? sovcu 
MUoyupof^vf yty*» **»& *** U^^hu ov&y 
evpPaipti i£ wuyxitf. *Iftow «oovAf»wf«oy xa* fripair 
woo?«aiv. ?. ^w ^ a^ X^f, to ^ *«rT 5 aUou, 

^ «ii0 KOT« TOW ^, ^Xaior t.OV. rfafW hlva* fi» 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXII. S3 

ovXXoyioftbv ovdh xroAvu* ngbg phtot to B oix 
lotai did t&v tiXrippivtov. Oi6 3 , Star to rh^u.xf 
xsfro «AAw, xai TOtrro foeoa>, pi) ovvgpitj} di ngbg to 
B, ovd* ovrwg totai ngbg to B evXXoyujpbg tov A. 
"OXmg yag einopsr, oxi ovdtig oidmoxt taxai ovXXo- 
yiopbg aXXov xax aXXovt firj kr}(p&drtog tirbg fiiaov, 
o ngbg ixdxsgov txtinaag taig xatt)yogiaig,'Ofih yag 
ovXXoyiopbg dnXwg ix ngozdatt&p iotiv* 6 di ngbg 
rods ovXXoytopbg lx tmv ngbg teSt ngoxaotwt* e di 
rovde ngbg tods did r«y xovds ngbg rode ngoxdatuv. 
*Advvatov di, ngbg. to B Xafttiv ngotaoiv ptydiv /ut/Tt 
xaxr\yogovvxag «£tov; pyxs dnagvovpivovg* t) ndXiP 
tov A nobg to B prfiiv xoivbv Xapfidvonag, aXX' Ixer- 
tigov Id tot axta xaxnyogovvxag, 1} dnagvovpbovg. 
v J2ott Xfjittiop tipsoop dpcpoip, o avvdyti Tag xairjyo- 
giag, ttntg box at. xovde ngbg vide ovXXoyiopog. 8. M 
ovv avayxT] pip ti Xafi&p ngbg apam koivov tovxodi 
MiXttai tgix&g* fj yog to A tov F t xal to rtov B 
xavt\yog4{oapxag, tj to r xax apqpolp, % apqw xaxi 
tov JT* tavxa 6' ioxl ta tigqpipa oxfipaxa* atapegbr 
ovv t bit nana ovXXoyiopoy dvdyxrj yhco&ai did 
tovtiuv jivbg tmv oxypdxtop. 9. e O yag avtbg Xoyog, 
xal u did nXuovtap ovpdntot ngbg to B* to aitb yag 
totai <JXW a *«' M tw noXXap^ 10. "Oxi pip ovv 
o» duxtutol ndvttg nsgalpopxai diatwfngotigfjptpap 
oxwdTW*, qxtPtgbv* 11. Oxt, di xal oi ug tbddvva- 
top, dtjXov total did xovxwv^ JIavttg ydg oi did tov 
advpdxov ntgalpopttg to pipyevdogovXXoylSoptai, to 
d* & dgxijg t$vno&iomg dtixpvovoip, otap ddvpaxop 
ti ovppalvji, tt\g dvxupdotwg xt$tior}g' olop, Sw aavp* 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



54 ARISTOTELIS 

gistQog }j duxfittoog, dia to ylrso&ai ?a neQttxa laa 
Toig agxloig, ovpfUtqov Te&dorjg. To fthf ow,loa ylvs- 
o&tu t« negitra Toig itgiloig, avMoyftorrai' to d*, 
iovpfisTQOv thai TtjvdictpeTQOv, 4$ vno&iat&g duxvv*- 
o voir, intl ytvdog ovfifhtivsi did Tf\v ivtiyaoiv. Tovxo 
yaq i\y to did Tov'ddvvdtov ovlloyloao&ca, to dei- 
lai ti ddvvutovdid Tr t v II ctQXW vno&toiv. "Jlcns, ins* 
tov yxvdovg ylvstai ovlloywpbg dsixxixog iv rolg tig 
to advvaMOV aftayofiivoig' tod* i$ etojeyg iSvTro&ioetog 
drixyvjcu' Toigtiedeuerixovg nodisoov ttnofitv, ox* did 
tovtwv nsqalvovxa* twv oxtjfidxoiv • (pavsgov ovv, on 
[xcrtj oi diet tov idwuxov ovlloyivfiol did tovtw 
taovxat xStv Gxwdxw* 12. 'Jl&avx&g di xal oi allot 
nan eg oi-i£ vno&iatwg • iv oinaai yvo 6 fiiv ovllo- 
yiopbg ylvtxat novg to fiexalafifiavo/ievov • to d* i$ 
dgxn? negaivexai di ojjtoloylag, *j Ttvog allrfg vno&i- 
aca)?, 13. Ei tie xovx al^iHg, ndeav dnodt&iv xal 
ndvxa ovlloytoftbv dvdyxy ylveo&ai dux, xgmv twjk 
ngotigtifiivav oxfjfidttav. Tovxov di dux&ivxog,dijlov, 
mg ctnag tb ovlloyujfibg inixsleiovxai did tov tzqw- 
tov ox^axog, xal dvdysxat tig Toitg iv xqvtm xa&6~ 
Xov ovlloyiofiovg. 

m CAPUT XXIII. 
Ext 6e, iv Sinaai dii xaifjyogixov xtva t&v Sgiav 
thai, xal to xa&olov vnagxtiv ' avtv ydg tov xct&6- 
lov 9j ovx toxai Gvlloyiofibg, i) oi ngbg to ngoxtl~ 
fitvov, fj to i$ vQ%Tjg aUi]onai. Ktkf&a yap, Typ 
povaixi\vf\dovi\v thai onovdalav. JBtjisv ovv dSuuvtitv, 
ijdovri* that. onovdalav, (irj'Trgoo&tlg to, naoav ovx 
Sural ovlloyurpog. El di, viva ydovfjv • tl fiiv allrjv, 

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ANAL¥T. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXIV. 65 

ovdev nghg to ngoxtipevov • u d* aviqv tavtr\v, to 
IS agz*l$ Xappdvst. MaXXov dh ylvnai (pave gov iv 
tolg diaygafifiaoiv • olov, [oti] tov ioooxsXovg 7oa* 
ccl ngog tjj /?aa«. "Eotaoav tig to xivtgov riyfiivai 
at A B. M ovv toyr Xapfiavu tip A JT ytavlav t# 
B A, ftrj oktog aSmoag yaviag tot twv ripixvxXiav • 
xat 7i«Jlty tjjv Ptjj 4 ^} Tiaday 7igooXa(3c<*> i^v tov 
ipyfHXTog • It* tfi, arc low wow Twy 6'Awv ytaviw 
xal low* aq>jigri(iiv(av, loag slvai tag Xomag tag JE 
Z' 10 c| ap£3}g alviysitav iuvfir) la fit}, ano tuv i'owvha 
iyatgovfiivwv, loa XsinBO&cti, toavtgbv ovv , oti iv 
anaat del to xa&oXov vnaQ%uv • xa*, 6't* to fciy xa- 
■&6Xov & mnavtuv tmv ogav xa&olov ddxvvtai • to 
d' iv pigei xal ovtutg, xaxeivwg. "jlote , lav fiev y 
to ovfinigaofia xa&olov, xal xovg ogovg avayxr\ xa- 
&6Xov tivai. ? £av 5s ol ogoi xa&oXov, ivdizstai, to 
avpnigaopa py slvai xa&oXov. 2. Ar{Xov ds xai, 
Sti iv anavii ovXXoyiopy rj upyotigag, % ti\v itigav 
ngotaoir, ouoiav avayxr) yiveo&ai tap ov/xTreoaa/ia- 
ti, Aiyw d* ov pbvov t<J> xaxayatixriv uvai,7\ otc- 
oqwxijr aXXa xal t$ ivayxaiav, % indgzovo'av, y iv- 
dfxoftivr}v. 'Emoxiyao&ai de del xal tag aXXag xaty- 
yogiag. 3. fpavtgov dh xal, aitX&g note total, xalnots 
.olx IffTtt* ovXXoyiofiog' xalnots dvvatog, xal note 
tiXuog • xal oti, ovXXoyiopov ovtog, dvayxaiov, s/eiv 
tovg ogovg xatd tiva tm ugr)fiiv(ov tgonyv. 
CAPUT XXIV. 
AqXov dh xal, ou naoa anodtitig totai dia tgiwv 
ogwv, xal ov nXtiovtav: lav pr\ di aXXow xal aXXwv 
TO cjvtp ovfATiigaoiia yivrpai ' qlov L to J& di<f ts tu>v 

. 



66 AR1ST0TELIS 

A B, xal di&%£v rj'ijdta t&r A B, xal A V, xal 
B T m n\d» yag piaa w avtwv ovtib thai xmXvtr 
lovioiv di Sirtmv, ovx tig , iXXct nltlovg tlotv ol ovX- 
Xoytopoi, *ir ndXiy, oxen? kxatego* tm A B diet ovX- 
Xoyiapov Xyip&y ciov, to A diit tmr A E* xal ndXiv 
to B dta %mv Z 0. "Iff to ph braymyjj • to di xsvh- 
Xoyiopw.* *AXXa xal ovtojg nXtiovg ol ovXXoyiapoi' 
nXelw yag ta wpntgaopatd forty olov, to t« A, 
xal to B, xal to JT. 2. El d* o«r py nXtlovg , aXt 
tig • ovtwg pb iv&GXrtai yivsa&at diet nXttovtoV to 
avto avpnigaopa. 3. 'fig ds to r tiia twv -4 J?, 
a<JiWroj\ ^Eatw yag to E ovpnmtgaapfrov ix tmp 
AB T A. Ovxovy avayxif, n avtmw aXXo ngog &X- 
Xo illr\y&u% * to pb; 4»$ oXov to 3* w? pdgog. Tov- 
to yio deduxteu ngotego? , on, oytog ovXXoytopov, 
&vayxalov,ovt&g tivag %x €l * T ** v OQW. *Ex£t(o ovv 
to A ovtugngog to B. "Eottv 9ga t* 4& avtiv avp- 
nigavpa. Ovxotir rjto* to E> i} twv JT ^ ddtBgov, 
tj aXXo th naga tavta. Kal u pb to E* ix t&p A 
B porta* a* tty b oyXXoyiopog. Tot dkrd, tl |iiv 
!fc«* ovtug, wot «ly«/ to /uiy, <5$ SXop, to 3*, &g pi- 
go g* fotat n xal /| ixefrtay * xal qroi to E, y t&r A 
B datsgov, y aXXo w nagit tavta. Kal si to pip E, 
% T»y A B ddtsgov • $ nXdovg woytai oi crvXXoyi- 
dpol, ij, ug iwdszrto, taito dti nXnww ogwr ne- 
gabsodat, ovpfiafrn. M d 9 alio « nagit tavta' 
nXdovg loovtai, xal aoyvantoi oi ovXXoyiopol ngog 
uXXyXovg. JSi de pi oviwg tyoi to rnQog to A, &ote 
nonlv ovXXoyiopov pavrp fytat tiXtippba, dpi 
titayuyijg, tj xgvifmg, ?\ ttvog aXXov tmp wiovuar 

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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXV. 67 

%dqiy. El 8e ix xw A B pyxo E, dXXd aXXo xh yl- 

pexai ovpnegaopa • ix & xwv rd 1} xovxmp &dttgov, % 

alio nagd xavta, nleiovg te ol ovXXoytouol yivor- 

xai, xa* ov xov vnoxtiuipov vn&xeno ydg, elpcu xov 

E xop ovXloytapoy. El 6i pij yipexat ix x&p A B 

pride* ovpnigaopa, fidxfjp xe avxd siXrupd-ai ovp- 

fiaiyei, xal py xov i$ ugzys «7*«* xop avlXoytopov. 

"Slate (pctytgbv, or* naoa dnoSet^ig %al nag ovXXoyt- 

apbg eotai Sta tgtwp ogxov uopop. 

CAPUT XXV. 

Tovtov d* ovtog qtaptgov, drjXov, ig xal ix Svo 

rrgordoetav, xal ov nXubvoty ol ydg xgeig ogoi Mo 

ngoxioeig, el pq ngooXctfipdroao xi,xa&dnegivxo'ig 

i^dqxng ilix&ii, ngbg xyv xtltlnaiv x&v ovXloyt- 

OfiSiv. 2. Wavegbp ovy, [on] wg iv $ Xoyvt ovXXoyt- 

oxixtp fit} Sgxtai tloiv at ngoxdotig, dt' &v ylvttai to 

ertfinigaopa to xvgwp, (evia yag tip cwv&tv ov(*+ 

negaafidtav .avayxaiop tlvai ngotdaetg^ ovtog b io- 

yog $ ov avXXeXoyunat, r) nXdco tip dvayxalwv i}gio- 

%tpu ngbg xqv &£of. 3* Kara pep ovp tig xvgiag 

ngoxdoeig lapfiapopivap t«3v ovXXoyiop&v > anag 

taxat avXkoyujfibg ex ngotdoeiov pip agtlatp, & ogtoy 

Si neqittip *. kvl ydg nXelovg ol ogoi twp ngotdaewp. 

"Eoxai tie xal xd avpnegdapaxa ^piavxeipngoxdatoip. 

4."0ray di did ngoovXXoyujpwv ntgalyfjxai, tj did 

nleiov&v pfamp ptj avpt^wp* (ploy to AB did x&p r 

//•)to pip nXq&og tip ogvp vaavxtig kvl inege£et' 

xag r ngoxdoeig • fj ydg eUtodtv, jj elg xb piaov, x$&r\~ 

error* b nagepnlnxoiv ogog, 'Apyotigm di ovpflal- 

PUp kvl iXdxx» thou id diaoxiipaxa x&p ogmp * al di 

Digitized by GoOgle 



5S AIUSTOTELIS 

ngoTaastglaatrolg dtaoTrjpaow oi pirtoi aiph atl 
Sgtiai taovxai , olds ntgixxol* aX£ huXXa$, oxa» 
piv ai ngoxdoug ctgncu, negixxol oi ogof oxav d* oi 
ogoiagxiot, ntgixxal ai ngoxdoug, "Apa ydq tip 
og<a pia ngoaxl&txai ngoxaoig, ar bno&tvovv ngoa- 
%e&fi o ogog. "flare, in el ai- ph agxiai, ol ds ctc- 
qixjol yaav dvdyxr}, nagaXXdxxuv, xyg avxyg ngoa- 
&iotmg yBvopivyg. Ta 5$ ovpnsgdopaxa oixhi xrp 
avxy\¥ lie* xdlw, ovtb ngog xovg ogovg , ovis ngog 
%dg ngoxdoug' kvbg ydg ogov ngooxi&epivov , ovp- 
ntgdopaxa ngo0X8&yo*xatb>liXdxT<u twv ngovnaqxbv- 
rav ogwv • ngog povov ydg xbv toxonov [ ogov J ov 
noui ovpnigaopa, ngog M xoig aXXovg ndvxag * olov, 
si raj A B r ngooxuxai to A , ti&vg xal ovpizegd- 
Ofiaza dvo ngooxuxai, to, xb ngog to A, xal to ngog 
to B, 'Opoltog de xanl iwv aXXwr. J£$v ug to pi- 
aov 6* nagtpninxt], xbv aixbv xgonov • ngog iva yag 
povov ov notion ovXXoyiopov* "JIqxb noXv nXUta 
%a ovpntgdopaxa xal x<av ogwv eoxap ^ xal t«5v tiqo- 
xdomv* 

CAPUT XXVI. 
y £nsl d* ezopw, ntgl tov oiovXXoyiapol, xalnoiov 
b> htdoTca oxypaxi, xal nooax&g foixwxai' qxxvsQov 
fjfuv to j i xal, nolov ngpfiXriiia xoiXsnbv, xal nolov 
svtnixsigijTov, To piv ydg iv nXtiooi oxr\pciai, x «» 
did nXuovw nxaastov ntgaivopsvov , §aov to d* in 
iXdrrooi, xal flV iXaxxovav, dvosmxugrjTOTegov. 2. 
To piv ovv xaxaqpaxixbv xi xa&oXov did tov ngojxov 
oxypoaog delxvvxat povov, xal [dux] tovtov pova- 
Z&g* To H QTignxixov did xov ngdxov i xal Qia tov 

Digitized by dOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXVl. 50 

pioov xal did (ih tov nqdiov povax&g * did di xoi 
fiiaov di%(og. Tod' iv psqti xaiaqpuiixiv did tov 
ngtaiov, xal did iov ioxdiov • povax&g psv did iov 
nqtSiov • iqix&g ds did iov ioxdiov* To ds oisqn* 
tutor 16 xajapiQos iv aitaoi io7g oxypttoidfixvviai' 
iiXi)v iv fib jw nqwna, Sma£* iv ds in fitoco, xal t<J 
iaxdito*iv t<£ piv, dix&g • iv t$ ds, tQix&g, 3. &a- 
vsqov ovv, Sit to xadoXov xairtfoqixbv xaiaoxsvd- 
occi psv xaXtTiohaTov, avaoxsvdoai ds Qaoiov. "OXtog 
d* ioilv dvaiqovvii per id -xa&oXov iw iv psqst 
quov xal yaq, ijy iiT}devl, xal, J\v iivi pf\ V7iaqxfj p 
avyqyiai * tovjodv ds to psv, nvi pr\ , iv anaai Toig 
axvpaoi dslxvviai* to di, pridtvl, iv toig dvol. Toy 
avibv ds iqonov xaitl iwv oisqr\iixfav. KclI ydq 
et navil, xal, 11 xivi, avpqrjiaiib i$ dqxqg* iovio fif^ 
ijv iv dvo oxvuocaiv, *Enl ds iwv iv psqsi, povax&g, 
i\ navil, r\ pydsvl dslgano imdqxuv* Kaiaoxsvdr 
%>ovti ds q$<o id iv p&qii' xal yaq iv nXeioaioxipaat, 
xal did nlsiovwv iqbnwv, 4. "OXng is oi 8ii lav* 
&dvtiv, 011 avaoxsvdoai utv di dXXyXatv ioil xal to 
xa&oXov dta i<ov iv fidget, xal lavia did iw xa&Qr 
lov. Kaiaoxsvdoai d' ovx sou did i&v xaidpsqog 
id xa&iXov, df ixsivwv ds lavid ioiiv. 5. "Apa di 
dqXov, 011 xal 10 dvaoxsvd£siv ioil iov xaiaoxsvdtsw 
§txov. 6. JlZg psv ovv yivsiat nag ovXXoyiopbg, * 
xal did nootov Sqtov xal nqoidosw, xal ntag ixovoav 
nqag aXXrjXag * su ds, nolov nqSpXiyia iv sxdoi($ oxnr 
pail, xal nolov iv nXsiooi, xal noHov iv iXdiioai dsl- 
xrvtai, dr\Xov h iZv siqripivav. 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



tf) ARISTOTELIS 

CAPUT XXVII. 

litis de rvnogrjoofisv avrol ngig to ridiptyo* 
ail ovlXoyiofiwv, xal dia noiag odov Xyxpops&a rig 
negl txaaxov dgxdg, vvv ydy Xexxiuv • ov povov yag 
Taag del -Osotguy xrjv yevsai* xwv ovXXoyiopStv , aXXa 
xal tr\v dvvapw I'xtiv rov noieiv. 2. ^Anarrwv 
dr\rwv ovraav tot fiiv dan roiavta, ware xara pfjSevog 
aXXov xartjyoguo&ai aXri&wg xa&oXov (olovKXitov, 
xal KaXXlag, xal to xa&exaarov, xal alo&Tjrov •)««- 
ra de rovxoav aXXa * (xal yag av&gamog xal Jiwoy Ixare- 
gov jovTwv iati') ra $e avta pep xar aXXup xarrjyogel- 
%ai> xatarovt&v de aXXa ngotsgop ov xarriyogelxar ta 
tie xal avxa aXXap, xal aviwv enga, olov Sp&gto7tog 
KaXXlov, xal av&g<iitov fwpi'. 3. "Oxi pep ovv IWa 
twv ovxtav xax oidepbg neyvxe Xiyea&ai, dtjXoV tear 
yag aia&tjtav ajcedbp exaotop fori roiovtop • cSoreptj 
xatfiyogtiod-ai xard prjdevog, nXrjy ojg xara QVfifo- 
Pyxog. toapep yag note, to Xevxbp ixuvo JtoxgatTjp 
that* xal to ngoatov KaXXtap, "On de xal inl to 
Svm TtogtvojAsvoig Xoxatal note, ndXip igoypev • pvp 
d* Birtto rovro x*lpep6p. 4. Kara pip ovp rovtav 
oix eanv anodutai xarriyogovpevop eregop, itXrjp si 
pt] xara do§av aXXa ravra xar aXXwp. Ovdi ra 
xa& txaoxa xax aXXwp • aX£ foega xax* ixsivwp • t« 
Si peta$v, drjXop,wg apyotigwg ipdixexai • xal yag xal 
avta xax aXXatv, xal aXXa xara rovttop Xtx&ijoetau 
Kal oxedov ol Xoyot xal at oxiyeig tial pdXioxa negl 
rov tea v. 5. del di rag ngordoeig negl exaorop ov- 
r<ag ixXappapew vnou&ipepop ' avrb ngmop,xalroig 
ogtapovg re, xal oaa i'dia rov ngdypardg iorw • eha 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR! LIB. L CAP. XXVII. 61 

fi€T« jovto , Saa £rerat T<jS ngaypan, xal ndXip , olf 
to ngaypa AnoXov&si, xal ova fit} rfytfVrrra* avuy 
wtdgXtw, Oh y avro /*ij frddxtra*, oim htXunriav, 
diet to avtujtQ&cptiy to orsgyTtnoy. 6. diatgtrsov di 
xa» twj> knopivw, 00a te ** t» y/ Am*- xai ooa [»$] 
f&cr, xa« oaor »$ trvftfkpfjnota nvtfiyog&r** 9 xaixoi/- 
Teor TioTcr do$aonx£g, xa) j*o*a xar* aJ^dtfay. "Oa^i 
ff£? yap fix nXtiotmv toiovtw Bvnogj} n$, &axtov 
£rrev$sTcu ovfiTnQtx&fiatf oow d* aV akfi&BOtiQW, 
fiaklov otTTodtt&t. 7. zfe* 01 ixXsyttr /nj xa xm fcro- 
psxa, aXk* oaa okar r$ ngdyfteni htttoti * olov fitj , ti 
tan av&poTTw, alia, il navil av&gwnta snftat. rfwt 
yag twv xa&oXov ngotdatwf 6 <rvXXoyiOfx6g. 9 Abio- 
gtatov pi* ovp Srtog, adifJto?, ti na&oXov f) ngoxa- 
aig* bitogtopirov di, ipartgor, 8. 'Opofo? 8 3 i*U- 
xtsov xal, olg avto fhttrcu SXotg , diet irjp f if^aanp 
attiav: 9* Avto di to krtoptyor oi krprtiov oXop 
tnto&vt • Xiyu d* 9 , oiov mv&gwtin nap £&op, tjftovot*f t 
nacrap imovi\nv\P' ak£ otnXmg popop dnoXov&eip ', xa- 
&(tntQ xal TTQottivopt free xal yag SxQtlQtov &art~ „ 
gov, Kala&uvarov olop navra kWoootox that nap 
£a>ox* i} drxmoovpfiv Snap ay #$■£*. *Ak£, ifhfttm, 
in ixtlvov to naprl Xiyttat. 10. "Otar & vno tp- 
vog ntgtixv tai ro moxtipitPop, <£ fa In&pw* 9t% Xa- 
fitly • xa fih tw xa&oXov iniuepa, i) prjkn6fx$tv, oi* 
ixXixxiov bfTovroig* tMtimm yag h betivoig. u Oaa 
yag £»w, xal av&Qtomo tmrat • xai, oaa ju^ vnagx*h 
Moavtwg. Tit ds ntgl fxxoroy ?&« AifTrtioy* ?<rr/ 
yorp aita tw ff^ft f^ia fra^a to yivog * avayxfi yag 
Totg iiigoig tl'dunv tbUa &vu$ vnaoxw- 11- ^ v ^* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



62 ARISTOTELIS 

dti ti xa&6Xov ixXsxtdov, olg metai to negt$xofjuvov 
olov ffti^i, olg tnncu av&gwtog. ^Avdyxtj flip ydp, 
v v $1 av&gimp dxoXov&u to Z&ov, xal tovtgig anaoiv 
dxoXov&tiv* Oixstottga di tavta trjg tov dv&gi- 
nov ixloyyg. 12. Arpttiov di xal ta ig imtonolv 
knoptva, jxal olg enstai • tip ydg ig imtonolv ngo* 
pitllidtwr xal o ovXXoyiofibg ix tip ig imtonolv 
xgotdo$m>, rj naaiv ,■ i\ nvwv * ofiotov ydg kxagtov 
, to avpnigaopa talg agxaig. 13. "Exi ta naaiv end- 
fisva ovx ixXsxtiov* Ov ydg total avlXoyuspbg || 
avtojy* di yv di aliiav , ip tpig knofisvoig eozat 
dr^Xop* 

caput xxvin. 

KcttaoxBvd&w pip ovp fiovXofiivoig xata tivog 

Zlov tov pip xataaxtva&pivov flXsntiap dg tor vtio~ 

utlpepa, xa& &p avtb tvyxdpu Uyopsvov • ov di du 

^xaTtjyoQua&ai, Sua tovtco enetai. n Av ydg tt tov* 

twr $ tavtbv, apdyxq, &dt$gov &atigq vndgxup. % 

m I£p dipy, on navtl, dl£, on tivl' olg emtai btdtz- 

% qop. M ydg n tovttap tavtbv [ctqj, dpdyxq , tivl 

vndgxup. 3. "Otav di pqdsvl dip vndgxeip- ^ ph 

,ov du vndgxup, dgtabtoptpa* ode duprj vndgxup, 

dga pq bdixttvi avty pag&pai* % dpdnalip, $ pip 

3$i py vndgxup, sig a pi} ivdixttat «vt$ nag&pai • 

o di /iff vndgxup, dg ta hnop&a. Tovnap ydg 6V- 

tmp tip avtip bnotegovovp, ovdsvl ivdixstai&atiga 

&dtsgov vndgxup* yivetai yog bti pip b iv t$ ngc»- 

ttyoxypm avXXoyuspbg, bti di b iv t$ pioy. 4. 

*Eav di tivi prj vndgxuv* <5 pip del py vndgxuv, olg 

htttar o de py vndoxw* a M dwatbv avnp undo* 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB, 1: CAP. XXVIIL 03 

Jfctivl El yog xi tovtmv tfy tavtov, avayxif, xivl pr\ 
vnagZtiv. 5. MaXXovd* Xomg md'- sotai tmv Xiyo* 
. piv toy txaotov cpangov* "Eaton yag to piv knoptva 
iw ^4 Ajp' coy J3, ols di avtb Unsjai 4<p iv JT* a & pij 
ivdixerm ctVTcp vndgxuv £q> w ^. 2ZaA»y 6c, tw 2? 
Tor /uey vndgxovta dtp dig Z* dig $* aiti enetai $\p 
dig H' a di pq hdixsxou avito vndgx^tv icp olg & 
6* El piv ovv tavto xt cotou toI I' wi tw 2, avaynfjy 
to A navtl tw J? wrao^m" to /*i* yao 2 ticot* tw 2?, 
7<g» fli I 1 hoot* to ^4 * wots 7iavrJ tw if to ^f. 7. J5* 
<5« to JT* xal to H tavtov , dvdyxr) , wi twv E to A 
indgxsiv. Ttp piv yag jT to ^, tw diHtb E navtl 
&xoXov&u. 8. El 6b to Z xal to J tavtov, ovdtvl 
t(a E to A vndgUi ix ngoavXXoyiopov. *Entl yag 
Stvtiotgdq>ti to otc^tixo?, xal to Z t<*> A tavtov, ov- 
<5w2 twV Z vnag^H to A, to di Z navtl tw 2?. 9, 
H&Xiv, el to B xal to tavtov , ovdtvl ty E to A 
indg$H. . To ydg B tw piv A navtl' tw d' !<}p* w 
to £ oidsvl vndghi * towto yio yv t<3 to JB, to 
& ovfci't tw £ vn^gxtv. 1 0* 2?* & ?o ^ k«* to 
H tavtov, to A tivl tmv E ovx vj*ao$«*. Tw yag 
H ovx vndghitoA, oti ovtfe tw //• to 6*« H ioth 
inb to E' note iivl twV E ovx vnagtu. 11. Ei di 
to H xal to B tavtov, avteotgappivog total o ovl- 
Xoyiapog. To piv yag Htm A vnagtu navtl, (to 
ydg B rw A*) to di Er<a B* (tavto yig ip tw H') 
to di A tcJ E navtl piv ovx avayxq indgxnv, tivl 
d' avayxfy&ia to avtiatgixpuv tyv xa&oXov xatrjyo- 
glav tji xati pigog. 12. &av*gbv ovv, ot# dg ta 
ngotiQfipivtt (IXmtiov knutigov na&* htaatov ngo~ 



Ci ARISTOTKLIS 

fiXypa " diet tovttop yag anamtg ot ovXXoyiafiioL 13. 
A& it xal ww inoftivw, xal, olg tnsjcu ixaaror , ug 
t« nti&ta xal r« xa&oXov paXwra imfiXinup. Olov, 
iov fup £, paXXov tig to K Z, ij tig to Zpopoy. Tov 
St A, *ig to K r, ij ug to r uopop. El flip yap t« 
K Z vnaQX** *o A, xal tw Z xal tw £ vnaQxn • el 6k 
love® fin I'totcm, fyxwQU tw Z snto&ai. 'O/tolag de 
xal iq> dp avxb axoXov&u, oxtmiov • it /icy yer$ to# 
npbxoig, xal toig in ixuva tntjou • st &p?j tovto*?, 
aXXa ToXg vno tovto; iyx&Q&* 14. ^jjio* d« xo», 
on d*« wy T0M»r opew, xa2 .t»* Mo ttootojosw , */ 
oxtfig • x*2 d«x xaJy iraoMoqpeVw o%*jf*v™v ot ovA- 
Xoyiafiol mint$. Astxxvsat yap, vndQX*** P** nw 
it ify E to -4 f oT«y tw JTxff* t$ Z tovtoV t* Atftp^. 
Tovto 6*' total fiioov • Sxqa di to -4 xa* E. rhs- 
*a* oitp to nomtop oxrifia. Twl di, oxav to JT xa* 
to JEf Xrjip&p tovvov • toveo di to toxatop qrtj/ia * /" £ " 
oof y«c To Hylyetck, Mydtpl di, Star to ^ »a« to 
Z taVTW. OJ/jvg di xal to frouTo? ojpljpa , x** to 
ftiooiv. To pip tkq&tov* ot* ovtf*™ rw Z vndoxst to 
^4, (el'tfeo ceytttfToegpe* to ai*pi?T*xoi',) to di Z* ttocitt* 

T$ 2?" TO & ftbffOP, OT* TO -^ T©J /»*? -4 OVO**?*, T<j> 6*6 

E navtlvnaQXtfi _ TipI di p% vffapjpti', otap to A 
xal to if tov tov tj. Tovto di to eaxaro* q^ij/<a. 
To /w»v yip -4 otd«y*T« Hviraqlut jo di Ehartl %$ 
JT. <t>9vtQOv omp, ot* dtoe tow Troocioijficytir 6XVf*<x~ 
impel ovXXoyujftoi nmrttg. 15. JfaJ, ot* ovx /xle- 
xTeoy, otf« 7vao«y tntxai y diet to uyd&aylpto&aixrvX- 
Xoytojibr i$ airmv. Kuraaxsvafap pip yaq oXwg 
ovx rjv ix T«5y knouip&p * anoattff&p 9* *vx ^ro^frra* 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. L CAP. XXVIII. to 

Sia t&v naoiv inofiivoav. Ail yag tw fih vndgxftv, 
tw di firj vn&Qzs iv. 16. Qavsgbv di, on xal ai aX- 
Aa* oxiyug tiav xata tag ixXoydg azguot ngbg to 
noiuv ovXXoyiOfiov • olov, tl td knopsva btatigtj tav- 
tcc forir, ?j si, olg mttai to A, xal, « j*^ ivdexeraity 
E ' if oaa naXiv ftrj iyx^gu sxatigta vndgzuv • ovydg 
yivtt'ai ovXXoyiofibg did tovtmv, Eiftiv yag td kno- 
fisva tavtd, olov to B xal to Z* to ^sao? yevna* 
a^jta xajitfOQixag %xov [dfitpotigag"] tag TiQotdosig. 
JSl d 3 ,olg mtxav to A, xal a pr\ ivdixetai io> E, olov 
to r xal to O, to ngwtov ozW a ottgritixijv %z*v t^v 
ngbg to tX'anov axgov ngotaoiv. El d\ ooot fit} 4v- 
dizttat lxatiq<$, olov to A xal to O • ategfitixal ap» 
q>6tsqai ai ngotdatig, rj iv ita ngtatm, rj iv tw fiiotp 
a^rjfiaTi' ovtojg d' ovdaprng zotat ovXXoyiopog, 
17. AijXdv dsxal, oil bnola tavtii Xyntiov to 
xati trjv'inioxBifJiv, xal ovz onota ttega , $ 4vav~ 
tla • ngwtov fih, on tov fiioov z&Q 1 * V inifiXtyig • to 
8s fiiaoy ovz htgov, aXXd tavtbv Stl Xafitiv. Elta, 
iv oooig ovfipaivn ylvso&ai ovXXbytopov tip ilijijp^i}- 
vat ivavtla, 7} [iri ivdszopsva Tip avtw vnagxsiv, tig 
tovg ngotiQrjfiivovg anavta avaz&yattat tgoitovg* 
olov, el to B xal to Z ivavxia, if fitj ivdaxttaitja av- 
tw vnagxtiv * carer* fih ydfr tovtwv Xrjat&ivtW; ovX- 
Xoyiofibg, oti ovdsvltw EtbA fmagzsf dX£ ovx 4* 
uvtay, aXXa ix tov ngosigriftivdv tgoitov • tb yag B 
jw fih A ndvtl, t$ 3k j& ovdevl vnagSu* wot dvay- 
X7[, tavtb sivdi to B tivl tw 0, 18. JlaXiv, ti to B 
nalHjiT} iyzwg& *$ a-vrw nagstvat, otitivltw Eovz 
indglu tb A' xal yag ovt&g to ftioov total ozqfi*: 
Aiust. Anal. E 

Digitized by GoOgle 



06 . ARISTOTELIS 

to yiq B Tip par A nmrtl, T<p ds H ovdsvl VJidtftt. 

"jlox dvdyxq, to B tccvtqv tw etycu tow 0* to yo>o 

p4 iMxto&cu to J3 xa* toZT to> avTW vWo^tav ov- 

div dia<piQ8i, if to J3 tow tw« xctvxbv thai • ndvxa 

ydq ttlJima^iy tw 0}» ^ij^ip9iXOfu»» tw Evndq- 

Ztov* 19. ^tfysoov /kcV ow, oit e£ auTO? f«sV tov- 

t«ii> T«Sv s7tiftXiif/e<oy ovdslg yivtrak ovXXoyiOfiog. £i 

ds to JB xa* to Z ivavxla * dvayxn , i«vtoV t*w £tya« 

to J5 T«5y <9 * xa* Toy ovkloytopov yhea&ai did tov- 

Twy. 2vp($afoti d% xoig ovxwg imaxonovai , tcoogfc- 

mfiXdmur SXXqv odor Tije ctvayxaiag, did to Zay^-a- 

vw^TjOTejTijy xavxowpa Twy B xai Twy 0. 

CAPUT XXIX. 

ToV <*vio* As TQQUQv fyovai xal ot «i£ to a£v- 

y«Toy andywxsg ovXXoyiopol xoig $hxtucoiq* xal ydq 

evtot yivovtai did xtov hzop&w r xal, olg msxoti £xa-» 

tsoojv Kal 4 avwj iniaxstyis h afiqxfiv. O ydq 

dslxvvTOH duxxixwg, xal did xov adwaTOV £*ot2 avjl- 

loyioao&ai, xal did t<w aixnv oqtay^ xal, o &a tov 

advvdrov, xal detxxix&g* 2» Olov, oxt xb ^ ovdsvl 

tw £ vndqjpi. Ktiadot ydg, xivi vndgzsiv • ovxovy, 

inet to JB Tiavr* t$ A, xb de A xuil %$ J2, to JB wc 

to> £ vTraolei * aJU' ovJwc vnjjQxt* JZaXiv, oxi t*i>* 

vndgxu ' «* y«o fitjdsvl tw JS to .4, to ft 1? awT* tw 

JT* ovdW Tcp Hv7tdg$u xb A' dXXa nartl vn^qx^* 

€ OfAolag ds xal inl tup d'XXw nQofiXiinaxw asl yaq 

%axav [xal] l* aitaaiv y did xov ddvvdxov ,du$ig ex 

%inr knofiiyoiv, xal, olg stistqu, bidxtqov, 3. Kal *«£-' 

Ixaaxov ngdfiltj/ia 4 avx^ oxiyig dtuttix&g tc fiovXo- 

(iivy ovMoyfoao&ai, xal elg to adivaxov dyay&v * ix 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXIX. 07 

yio iCrp avrw oqmv ApupoTtgon at Stnodtf$stg. OXov, 
d diduxtat, fitjdtvl VTtigxw t<£ E w Ay. oft avfifiai* 
r$h xal to B toil *$ E vnmgxw > 8«*0 aiwaxox* 
°£av Xri<p&Tj, %$ pto E pi}dey}, t$ di A nartl. vnaQ- 
XJBiv to JB * qxxrtQW, o t* ovfoyl tw E to A vitaqtu. 
n&lw, u fatxtumg GvXXtXoyujTcu, to A t$ E (Afjdtpl 
V7I(xqx*w> ino&cptooig, V7tigx$w wi, b*ii tou adv- 
voltov dtix&v)<j6*cu, oidwl vnaoxw* 'Ojio&g 9i xal 
inlimvotXhav* to Sfjtchu yig iv$iy%n, xowiv xwm 
Xa/kh> oqov aXXor t&v vnoxstpimav , ngig Sv sota* 
tov ytwiovg o ovkioyujfiog. "Jler avr^nga<p8lo7jg 
ramus tv& ngoTmw»g± rng £* ktigag ojioimg ixov~ 
Ofis, Jeumxe? ttrtou © ovXXoywfiog &t& tip ovtSp 
oqow* 4* AuMpfysh. oc b diixtixbg tov ug to wdvya* 
%ov ' on to fUr tm oewrwxw *«t aXr\&ttav af^pongai 
Tt&evrtH eti TsgoTaattg • iv de iw tig ToativxaTov ysv- 
dmg % filet. 5- Totvta pto ovv «XTa* uaXXov qpaxega 
$ta t&v knofdvw, oxav root tov advpmov Xdytoftsv * 
vvv Si tooovtox i}fuv tow 8%Xov, «rt nig Tavta flU- 
mior IkixTixwg w (bvlofitoote ovllo/%&odau, xal 
sig to ativvarop ayttyuv. 6. *Ex 6e Totg aXXoig ovX~ 
Xoytopdig Tolg i£ vno&wtvg , olox oaoi xaiit pna- 
Xtiyiv, % xal xara noioxyta, to Totg vnoxeifiivoig, 
ovx to Toig it <xQzy9, «AX* to rdtg^ fisTctXafijSavofiBvoig f 
carat ij oxiy»g' • ds tgonog o avTog- %%g imfiXiipEag. 
7*Enwxiyao&w di $u, xal disXsiv , f noaa%wg of i£ 
vno&ifJtWr 8. JttKvvtm pto ow ixuoTov wv noo- 
pXrjuctTtov ovimg, "Mart di xal SXXov tdobov svia 
ovXXoylaao&cu Tovrcoy * oloy t« xa&oXov foa Tijg xa- 
t« ^uioog impXiytitog il vno&iaiwg* ."'El yao w F> 

E 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



0ft AR1STOTELIS 

xalxd Btavxa itrj, povoig di Xijtp&tiri tolg H to B 
vndgxnv, navrl ccvtw E to A vndgxoi. Xal naXtv, 
d t« d xal t« H javtct, fiovor di twv Htb E xarr)- 
yogolxo* oil ovdeyl tw E to A vndgSei. Gotvegor 
avv, ow xal bvTtag imfiXmriov. 9. Toy avxbv di 
tqotiov xal inl tSjv avayxalon', xal t&v ivdexopivw 
t] ydg aiti) oxiipig* xal did ttov avtmv ogtav forat rjj 
rdSsiTov re ivdexw&ai xal tov vndgxuv 6 ovXXoyi- 
dfiog. 10. Af\ttxiov Si inl jwt ivdexbftivuv xal ri pij 
vndgxovxa, dvvatd di vhdgxnv. AiduxTai ydg, ou 
xal did tovtmv ylvsrai 6 tov ivdexeo&ai avXXoyiofiog* 
ll/Ofioifog d* t$u xal inl rOv aXXw xaxyyogiw* 
f2. &avegov ovy ix twv slgfjfiivtav, on ov povov iy- 
Xwgu did TavTfig tijg odov ylvtod amdvrag tov g otwl- 
loyiofioig, aXXa xal, ou di aXXrjg advvaxov. "Ana? 
fiiv ydg avXXoyiajihg diduxxai dia Tivog twv ngougi]- 
fievcov oxripattov yivofitvog • tavxa di ovx iyxwQtt di 
aXXw ovoTa&rpai , nXtjv dta t&v inopivw, xal, olf 
ainai I'xaaxov. *Ex tovtmv ydg ai ngotdaeig, xal 
i} tov fjiioov Xrjiptg. "Jlax oidi ovlXoyio/uov iyzwgfl 
ytvto&a* di SkXw. s 

e CAPIJT^ XXX. 

*H fib ovvhdbg xuTdnavTM ij avtrj , xal ntol 
qnXoaofplav, xal ntgl xixvr\v linoiavovv xal fxd&r]fia. 
Aft ydg Ta vnagxovxa, xal oXg vndgxsi, ntgl exaoTOv 
i&giiv ' xal tovtm ag nXtlartov tvnogiiv * xal tavra 
did ttov Tgitov ogwv oxontlv, dvaaxivd£ovxa fiiv wdl* 
xaTaoxtvatovra di, ndi * xal xaTa fib dXtj&tiav ix 
x&v xaxd aXri&uav diayBygapfiivw vnagxw tig Si 
xovg dtaXtxTixovg avXXoyiaftovg ix x&v xard do$ap 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB.!. CAP. XXXL GO 

nqotaamv. 2* J& &* dgxal *«* avXXoywfmv , xor- 
GoXov fiiv el'gt}tai t ov rgonov it fyovoh, xal ov rgo- 
nov dsl &r)Qsvuv avxdg* onois pf\ (tXinfOfitv tig anav- 
%a ri Xsyopsra, fiySe. sig raixd xaraoxGvd£ovxsg xal 
dvaaxsvd£ovrBg, prjdi xajaoxtyd^ovrig rs xaxd nav- 
io$, ?j nvog, xal dvaoxevd£ovt*g dnb ndvxtov, % ti- 
vwv, dXX y ug iXdrxm xal wgiofiiva. 3. Ka& fxa- 
orov de dti ixXiynv raw ovxmv, olov mgl dya&ov , i£ 
immjjfirig* "idw* de xa& kxdvrriv tiolv ai nXtiorwr 
dio rag fiiv dgxdg tag mgl txaoxov ipmigias 
lor* nagadovvai. Asyw fl', olov rijv aatQoXoytxrpr 
fib ifinuglav ri\g dorgoXoytxr}g inunripw X7)<p&iv 
rmv ydg Ixavwg r&v yatvofiivav , ovxmg tigi&rioav ai 
aargoXoyixal anodei&ig. 'O/uo/ws di xal ntgl aXX^v 
onotavovv tyti xixv^v te xal iniarn^ijv, "jiox , idy 
Xr)(f>&ri %d vnagxovja mgl txaorov, Tjpixegov ydy, 
tag anodettsig ktoifiwg ipyavl&v. El ydg ftr}dh 
Kara iqv loiogiav iragaXtiqt&Btri rwvdXTj&wg vnag- 
tovrtav toig ngdypaoiv, S-ofttv mgl navrog, ov flip 
iativ dix6det!;ig,ravxi)v tvguv xal anodeixvvvai* ov 
ds fir] nitfvxsv dnods&ig, rovxo noitlv qtavigov* 4. 
Ka&oXov fiiv 6vv, ov del rgonov rag ngordosig ixXi- 
yuv, tignxai oxstiov • di dxgifelag de ditXr)Xv&a(i£y 
to rjj ngayftartia xjj mgl rip diaXiXTtxyvL 
CAPUT XXXI. 
9 Or * 8s i dux r&v ytvwv diaigeoig juxgovrt fiogi&v 
ion r%g ugnfiiv^g fte&odov, gddiov Idtiv ecru ydg % 
foaigtoig olov dodevyg ovXXoyiofiog ' bfier ydg 6\ti 
du$ai, alxutaf ovXXoyifaxai tie utl n rm ava&n . 
% Ugwxovd 3 avio rovxo iX&i&H roiig ^wfi^oiHr 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 



70 AftlSTOTELIS 

avjfj ndrtag* xal mt&$tv insx*igovv, wgtvtoe dv- 
vatov, ntgl ovatag anode&v yiyea&at , nal tov W 
iotiv * wore ovte, o, tt b8kx$tai ovXXoyfoao&at, tovg 
diaigovpwovs, SvvUoav* ovte, ■©« ovrtag eWtt/sro, 
Soiteg elg^xafjiev. 3* *Ev (ikv ovv tatg anodsi^eoiv, 
otav Sty tt ovXXoyioao&a* vndgjruv, Set *o fiioov, 
St* ov yhetati ovXloytofiog, q ztov iet that, xal firj 
xa&oXov tov ngatov tmvaxgwv • q Si Smigeatg tov- 
vavtiov povXetai* re yag xa&oXbv lap/Havst pioop. 
"Botat yag £wovj*8V, 4<p' ov A' tbSi&vfjtbv, 4q>' ov& 
xal a&avatoVj l<p ov r* o Si uv&gomog, ov top Sow 
Set Xaftuv, i<p* ov to A. "Arrow Sq fwdv Xafifidvti rj 
&vr\xbv, fja-bivatov • tovto Si iottv, oav $ A, Sat** 
eivat *J JB, n r. Hai.iv tov av&gomov ottlStatoovpevog 
tl&etat Jwoy that* Sate xata tov A to A Xapftavu 
iitagxeiv • 6 pb> ovv avXXoyuffiog iottv, ott 16 /I ij JB, 
ij r«7tav£&uu • Sate tov av&gtanov % dyytov, ijj d'&d- 
vatov Set Xajifiaveiv * &vr]Tov /xh yiq , 1} a&ojvatov, 
ivayxalov ebai£wov. ®vi\vbv Si, ovx ivayxalov that, 
iXt outuuu • tovto Sirjv,o eSet ovXXoylaao&m. Xal 
naXiv&ipevog to piv A, J&ov &vfpov * i<povSs 10 JO, 
vnonovv i<f ov Si to T, aitow % tov di ar&oomov, 
to A • iaavttag Xapfiavet topiv A Zjtotiv tm JB, rj ivtw 
rilvat • (anav yag S&ov &vijtov iqvnonovv, ij ixnow 
iatlAxata di tov A to A' (tov yog &v&gmnov 8»oy 
Shfipov that elLapev^Sat vnonovvjdv,^ avow stvat 
£&ov avayxi\ tov av&giaitov • vtiotcow d * p oik avay- 
xil, alia XafA^avw tovto d 3 yv, o tSu ndXtvd&au 
Kal vavtov diitbvtgoitovat} dtaigovftivotg to pivha- 
&6Xov avpfiabu avxolg jiioQvl&p§<xvuv*Ka&ov deSiti 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXXIL 71 

df7,£ou t x«] % ag diaqpogag, axga • rsXog &e, oxt tqvt 
%axiv av&gamog, y o, xi not av #to f^xov/i«f*or, ovdiv 
Xdyovoi oaq>*g, twcra avayxaiov thai • xal yag irp 
SXXfjv ofiov noiovvxai naaa>, ovds tag ivdsxojiivag 
tvnoglag vnoXajuftavopTtg vttvlqx hv * 4. ftavtgbv $\ 
oxi qvt avaoxevdoai xavxy if) jxt&odto iaxlv, ovxt ntgi 
ov(iP$flqx6tog (xtl, tj idiov ovXXoyioao&ai, ovxt ntgl 
yivovg, ovxe, iv olg ayvourai x6 noxtgov &dt, y «»6f 
ijfcr olov, ag 9 ii diajitrgog ov/ifitxgog, *j aovfi[i*xgog* 
*Eav yap IdPfl, oxt nav pfjxog % oififitxgov, fj aavf**- 
ftergov, t\ di duxjttxgog firjxog * ovXXeXofiaxai, en tj 
aovpptxgog, i) ovpjitTQcg y diajirrgog* El diX*jif#xmJ 
uovp/isxgov • o tduovXlo/loaoO-ai, Xrjyirm. Ovxaga 
eax$ dti£<u* 'Hfji&v yag odog avxrj • dta tovt^c 9* owe 
%ax% b*ulc*i to aovfiptxgov, »j ovfijitxgov • iq>* ov A 9 
ftrfxeg* iq?ovBjOvjdjisTDov,^aovjiiJtnQov duxptxQQg 9 
icp ov JT. 5. 0avsgiv ovv, oxi ovxtngog neioav oxiipir 
agpi&i xr^g trjxtjot&g 6 rponog^ ovt, iv oig ft^tXtova 
foxu nqinuv, iv xovxoig iait xgyotpog* 6. Ex xivcrv 
usv ovv al anodtl&ig yfoovxai, xal n&g, xal tig noTa 
pXsnxiov xa& baxaxov ngopXypa, qutvtgov ix x&p 
tloyfiwwv. 

CAPUT XXXII. 
Hag 3i avaloptv toig ovXXoyiafwvg slgxangott* 
Qfjfiiva oxqpaxa, Xsxxiov av etrj fitxa xavxa • Xotniv 
yag frt xovxa trig oxiyewg. Elyag xtjv ysvtoivx&v avX- 
Xoywu&v &t&go7ptv,xal xov ivgloxeivsxoifjitv dvvafitv, 
su dixovg ysytVQftivovg av&Xvotptv tig xangougrifjiiva 
ox^fiatw xiXog avfyoifi 11 agxfc itgo&toig'ov/tprio-t- 
rat d* Sifiu xal xangougov tlgypiva &ti(ltpaiova9(*u 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



72 AR1ST0TEL1S 

'teat (pavsQtoxtga nvai, oti .ovtag edri, dux twy vvv 
'Xtx&ijOOiJiivow • du yag ndv xb aXrj&sg aixb kavxcp 
IfioXoyovfiwov clvat ndvxr}. 2. Jlg&xov fitv ovv del 
-ttuqUo&ou xag dvo ngoxdoug ixXafifidvsiv xov ot/iU 
loyiafiov • $aov yag dg xd fisi£oi di-eXtlv, r\ xd IXdx- 
to> • fisi£o) o^ xd ovyxtifitva, % xd, i$ dtv ovyxuxau 

3. -Efta axoniiv, nonga h oXoj, xal ngxiga iv pigei. 

4. .Rat, et fii) uficpoi tiXrifipivot, slsv, avxbv Tifrdvra 
%r t v hxigav. 3 Erioxt yag xrjv xa&oXov ngoxdvavxzg xi\v 
.iv xavxy ov Xau^dvovotv, ovxsygdcpovng, ovx igaxav-* 

xsg- r\ tavjag fiev ngozdvovor di atv o" aviainegai- 
vovxai, nagaXditovaiv, aXXa tie pdxrpt igwxwoi. .2x6- 
nxiov ovv, ttxi negisgyov dlynxai, xal iXxi xwvavay- 
Maiav naguXiXsmxai' xal xb fiiv $ixiov xb d* dgpat- 
jgtxiov ((oguvtX&rj xig Big xdg dvo ngoxdoug* avtvydg 
xovrwv ovx soxiv avayayuv xovg ofrtcog fjg<axfj/iivovg 
loyovg. 5. 'Eviav fisv ovv (ipdiov ideiv to ivdug. *£vio* 
o*8 Xav&dvovoi xal doxovoi avXXoyl£eo&ai, did xb 
ivayxaiov xi avfi^aivuv ix xiov xsifibvwv. Olov, d X^ 
y& tit}, fir} ovolagavatgov(iivfig,fiii uvaigua&aiovaiav* 
i$£v d' iaxlv, avaigovfisvow, xalxb ix tovtwv <p&dgt± 
c&ai* xovxwv yag xs&dvxav, avayxalov fisv, xbovoia$ 
fitgag tJvai ovoiav * ov fir\v ovXXtXoyioxai did xwv d+> 
liifipivw, dXi iXXunovoiv at ngoxdoug. JlaXiv, d, 
av&g&nov ovxog, hvd/xi), t&ovtlvai, xal Jwov, ovoiav* 
av&g«mov ovxog, dvayxi\> ovoiav elvai' aXX' ovnta otuU 
itXoyioxat • ov yag txovaiv al ngoxdoug, &g tXnousrt 
Ajfaxvtfii&a di iv xolg xoiovxoig dia xo avayxalov ti 
avfifiabfiv ix xwv xufidvwv, on x«».o ovXXoytofibg 
ivayxaiov iouv. *Enl nXiovdttbavayxaiov, ^6 avA- 



DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. L CAR XXXIII. 73 

Xoyiapog. c O fiev yag ovXXoyiofibg nag uvayxaXov ti 
d 3 avayxalov ovnav ovXXoyiofiog. "/lax ovx, $Vxt ov/** 
Palvn, x$&ivT(OV xiv&v, neigaxiov avayuv tvdvg, uXXi 
ngaxov Xvpixiov xag dvongoxaaug^ 6.JEI&* ovxadiav* 
qsxsov tig xovg ogovg, 7. Mioov ds & trior xwv ogtov xov 
iv a^opoxigaig xaZgngoxaoeaiXfyofisvov avayxrj y&q, 
to jtioov iv ap<poiigaig vjiugxsw iv aitaai xolg oxy- 
fiaoi. 8. 3 Eav (lev ovv xaxrjyogj}, xal xaxrjyogrjxai to 
fiiaov* *j avzb fiev xaxrjyoQrj, aXXo d ixsivov anagvip- 
tut* to ngtoiov lata* 0XW a . *Eav Si xctl xaxrjyogfi xal 
anagvrjiav ano xtvog * to pioov. *Eav de aXXa ixeivov 
xaxtiyogriTW. rj to ph anagvrjxa^ to di xaxrjyogrixat 
to toxaxov* Ovtto yag eIxsv iv kxaoica a/^/uan t& 
(ieoqv. c Ofioimq ds xai, iavui} xa&okovwoiv alngoxa^ 
csig' 6 yagavxbgdiogia^bgxovfiiaov. 9, <I>avegbv ovr, 
wg, iv a Xoyta pr t Xiysxat xb avxb nXeovaxig, ov yl* 
vex (xl avXXoyiafiog' ov yag efXr^nxai fiioov. 10. *End 
3' sxopsv, nolo? iv exaoxta oxjfiaxi mgaivkxe^xcbv 
KQopXypaxMV, xctl iv xlvi xb xa&oXov, xal iv iMnpxo 
iv fisQsr (pavtgby, ou ovx tig anavxa xa o%ijpa%a, 
BXmxiov, aU 1 Ixaoxov ngopXruiaxog ug xb oixuov* 
Ooct de iv nXeiooi nsqalvsxai, xf t xov fiiaov dtouyvcfc 
Qwvpev xb oxw<X' 

CAPUT XXXIII. ' 
JloXXaxig ftiv ovv anaxaa&a* ovfipabsi n$ql 
fovg ovXXoytafiovg foot xb avayxalov, womg tXgipifo 
ngoxtgov. *Evioxt dsnaga xrfvbpoioxrixaxiig twvoquP 
ftiaemg' on$g ov^grjXav&avtivrjftag. 2. Olov, tiro A 
xaxit xov B Xiyexai, xal xb B xaxot xov T\ doUte yap 
iv, ovxwgixovxavxibvogw, ilvatgvXXoyiofiog* ovyfa 

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M ARISTOTELIS 

vtxah di, ovf avayxatov ovdiy, ovte ovMoy&pog. 3. 
v £of(o yag i(p w to A, to ael tlyat • iq? w da B, diet" 
voritostytOTOjiivw to Si 4of <u r, 9 AgiOtofdyffg m dXrj- 
&ig o*tj, to Axto B vndgx^y ' asl yag ioti diayoTjtbg 
9 Aoi<JTO{i£vt]g. 'AXXa xal to JBt^JH* o ydg*Agtotofiiy7jg 
diavo7)Tbg'AQi<JTOft£vr}$ i<rtL To SiA t« rovx inagxir 
op&agtbg yag iotiyb^AgiotofUvug, Ov yag iyivezo ovX- 
Xoyiopbg, ovimg ixoyt&y wy ogiov. *AX£ ffo* xa&oXov 
tip A B Xrjcp&rjvcu ngotaaiy, Tovto di ytsvdog to 
iliovv y navta toy tiiavoipov *Agtaropivriv ail elrcu, 
(pfragTov oytog tov 'Agiatopiyovg. 4. HaXir «rrw to 
fthv iq> t$r, MlxxaXog* to dk £<p <pB 9 fiovotxbg Mbt- 
xaXog* iqf at b*s to A, to (p&slgeo&at avgiov. jtXy&if 
dtj, to B tov rxatijyogitv (o yag MixxaXog tow pov- 
oixog MixxaXog') aXlit xal to A tov B' (op&tlgoito 
yag avgu>v fwvoixbg MixxaXog *) to di yt A tov r 9 
ysvdog. Tovto dq tavtoy ioti t$ ngortgoy • ov yag 
aXjffpg xd&6Xov, MlxxaXog jiovoutfe o*t qp&dgetai 
avgiov tovtov dijiijXrfip&evTog, ovx tjy tvXloyioftog. 
5. Avtri fxiy ovy ^ andtfj yivttai [eVj tw naga fit- 
xgoy ig yag ovtiev tiiaqtigoy unity, teds twdi vita g- 
Z*i>v, f) tods t$fe navii vnagxuv, ovyxoigovptf. 
• CAPUT XXXIV. 
HoXXaxig ds duxyevdeo&ai avfintot7ttti naga to 
pr\ xaXng ixtl&iG&at, %ov$ xata tqy ngotaaiy ogovg. 
Oloy, si to {livAel'rjvyltiw to tf iq? tpB, vooog* 4a> 9 
ojdkr, ay&gwnog. 3 AXr)&ig yctg unelv, on to A ovdtyl 
tay B ivdix*t<xi vnagxuy • (ovdfptq yag voce* vyl&a 
vnagX**'} *«* ndXiy, oti v6 B nartl t$ rinagw 
(nag yag av&g&nog tiexnxog rooov^ doUit* ay ovy 

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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. h GAP. XXXIV. 7$ 

Ovftpahuv, iiqdtvlavSyunzoi tydixto&m vyiuav vniq- 
%*iv. Toitort d 3 atria* to py xah&g ixxua&ai toig 
oqovg uati irp U$iv £xtl, fiiTaXT](f$ivt(av tStv xortu 
vetg Qeig, ovx Marat evXXoytofiig • olov, urtl pi> tyg 
vyniag u tB&tirj to lyutZvov • *&vxl Si tqg xoaov to 
roxjovv* ov yko aXq&eg shtuv, ig oix Mixtion t$ 
vooovrtt to vyuthuv vnaqSai. Tovxov di py Aqg^t* 
rpg, ov ybtiou ovXXoyiOfiog, u jit) rov ivdix*o&af 
tovxo tii ovxadvr*r*r* ivdixsiaiy^Q fiTfiwlvnuqx^ 
av&gwtfo vyluaw. 2. ILaXw bit tov pioov cxvpatog 
Ofiotog torca to yevdog* Tqv yaojuyluav rovta fih 
ovdepux, oWfwrg ds nam* irddxsxai vnaqxtw • &a% 
ovdtrl ar&owTu* voaov. 3. *Ev o* tw Tofrg oxrjpat* 
frora to Miz*o&ai ovpflatru to ^j£3os. JCat /ao 
"iyina? xal *6<fov, xal intat^ur\x xal ayvotav ., scat 
oil»g t« ivarxla \namX\ tip avx$ ivddxxxai vnuqxwr 
aXXvXoigd\advyatov* Tovxo SiaropoXoyovfurov toig 
nqouqrjfiivotg^Oxt yiiq tj» awtynXtltaivtixoiio vnaq- 
juv, irtdixtxoMct} aXXqXoig. 4. toartqiv ovy, oxi.to 
aixaah tovxmg jj anarti ybtrai itaqit tyv tap oqw 
tx&totv ftexaXrjy&svrwv yaq xwv xaxi tag Que, ov- 
div ybwxat tfJtvdog. JyXov ovy, on *«ra to? TOirivro? 
frooTaow? ««* to x*xa T^y fifty «? t* tij* SStw? £6Ta~ 

caput xxxy % 

Oi ^« 6t iovgSqovg dtl £yruv ovopaxi ixtt&w&ai. 
Ifollaxig yaq toovxm Xoyoi, olg ov xiixai ovopaxou 
Aih xal ^atewqr avaynv tovg toioitovg ovXkoyiopovg. 
*£vloxi <5i xal ehiaxaa&ah av/u/fyWau dia xrp toi«*i>- 
tip fijxifw oloy, or* tmv apiowx iotl avlXoytapot. 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



76 ARISTOTEL1S 

"Earm yoq ToA,dvo oodal* Toiaf $B, Tot/woy* iqf 
m di r, laoaxtlig. T<p fiiv ovv r vnaaxu *o 4- diet *Q 
B* tw diB ovxhi di alio' xa& avrbyaQTQ Toiyoivov 
fgfct dvo ogS-ag. "Slar ovx terra* fiiaov tov A B, ano~ 
dtutiov ovxog. &aytoby ovv, onto fiiaov ovx ovxwg id 
lynxiov, &g rods n, itf ivioTt Xoyov, ontg avfifial- 
vtt x^tnl tov Isx&syrog^ 2. To di vnagx^v %0 ngmov 
tw fiiow, xal rov jo tw Sxqtp, ov dti kafiftdvuv, &g 
itl xaxriyo0r}$T}oopsv(i)v allifltovo+Lomg, to, ts nola- 
rov rov fiiaov, xal tovxo xov iaxaxov. Kalinlxovpn 
vnaox slv 8* waaj/Tw?. 'All' ooax&g to tlvai liytxat, 
xal to ctlrj&ig tlniiv aixb tovto, ToaavTax&g oVeo&ai 
%qii afjfiaivtiv to vnaQX&v, . [*a* to f*V vnaoxtiv]. 

3. JOSov, oxiT&vivavxloay iaxlfdainurxfifiri^'Baxoiyaq 
to A, to /u/ay «7yat inun^fi^v • t« 5 s ivavxla allr\- 
Xotg, iqj ov B. To dq .<* t^; 2? vnagxn * ovx, a)g t£ 
ivavria, to filar thai, avxwv famy/iip* alia, ore 
ilfj&ig tinttv xat avi£>v,filav thai avxiv. imar^fii^y, 

4. ^vfifialvti d 3 oxi fib, inl tov fiiaov Tp 7r0a>To? Ae- 
y(o&at, to di fiiaov inl tov rgixov fir} Xiyta&af olov, 
u fj aoajia iaxlv imcrtrifiT), tov d* aya&ov iaxlv if 
oocplot, avfinigaafia, oxl tov aya&ov intoxrifir} iari * 
to fib di) aya&bv ovx Many imaxqw ifdi aoqpia iatlv 
iniaxrum' oxi di to fib fiiaov inl tov tqItov kiyexar 
to di nolaxov inl tov fiiaov ov liytxat. Oloy, tl tov 
noiov navxog iariv imorrjfiii, % ivavridv 4 to d* ctya&bv 
xal ivavrloy, xal noiov • avfinioaaua fib, Sxt toU 
ciya&ov ioxw ijxiaxfw ovx car* da to aya&bvimarjj-* 
firj, oidi to noibv, oidi to ivavxlov* alia to ayct&bv 
Tttiixa. 5."jEoti di, Sxt pytt xb nqmxov nari tov ftf- 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PB10R. LIK L CAP. XXXV. Tt 

gov, fitjTS rovro xararovrglrov* rovngutovxararoQ 
xgttoy brs ftsv Xsyoftivov, brs ds fir) Xtyopivov. Olov p 
si, off imotrj/ii} iorlv, eon rovrov ysvog • rov d* aya-m 
-&ov ionv imoxtjfif] * ovJATtsgaofia, on rov aya&ov 
ion yivog. Karqyogurai ds ovdsv xar ovdsvig. El di, 
ov ionimor^fiij, yivog iorlrovro* rovd* aya&ovion* 
imrtfifin* ovfinigaopa , on to aya&ov ion yivog, 
Kara ph bS\ tov axgov xartiyoguratrb ngukov, xat 
uXXriXtov $8 ov Xiytrai. 6. Tov avrbv ds rgonov xai 
in* tov prj vitagxtiv Xrpniovi Ov yag a si orjfialvsitb 
firi inagxuv rods raids fitj ttvai rods rods' aX£ Mors 
fit] shcu rodsrovds, tj rods r ads. 7. Olov, on ovx tan 
xtvjjomg xivijoig, */ ytviosm yivsoig' r\dovr\gd&ionv* 
ovx Sga fj fidovrj, yivsoig, i) [xlprfoigj] naXiv, on, yi~ 
Xcoxog fiiv ion orj/ieiov • oijpslov ds ovx sort o^fxelov, 
war ov or) puov o yeXmg. 8. 'Opofag ds xav rdlg cil~ 
Xotg, iv oooig avaigstrai to ngSpXrjfia, to Xiytodai 
nag ngbg txvtb- to ysvog. 9. JldXtv, on b xatgbg ovx 
tort xgorog dim • &*(& yag xaigbg piv. ion, xgovog d* 
ovx ton dim?, dia.ro fitjdiv slvat &sm itpiXipov. °Ogovg 
piv yag S-srsov, xaigbv, xdi ygovov diovra, xa\ &$6r 
rrjv ds itgoraoiv Xtj7trsov xara rrjvtav bvoparog nrm- 
oiv. 10. 'AnXag yag rovro Xeyopsv xara navrtovj 
on roig piv Sgovg atl &sriov xara -rag xXyostg rmv 
bvoparwv olov avQganog, y&ya&bv, ? ravavrlar ovx, 
av&gdnov, rj aya&oxr, i) ivavriw rig ds ngoradng 
Xv\Ttriov xara rag kxamov nrwosig* rj yag, on rov- 
to*, oloy to loov t) t on rovrov, olov to dmXaoiov % 
on rovro, olov rbrihtrov, rjrobg&v' ij, onovrpg, olov 
av&ganog, #aov> rj t tinwgaXXu>gn{nrsirovvopaxai» 

Digitized by GoOgle 



78 ARISTOTELIS 

T7\p nooxaoiv. 11. 7& 8i vii&ftfuv tide xotde, xal to 
ilri&ivw&oti tide xaxi xovde, xooavxaxwg Xyntiop, 
QQttxSrg at xaxTjyoQeai oVqgigrTtu • xo» TavTa?, tj ny, 
jj anl&f ext de rj anXag, rj ovpmnXeyptoag* 'Opolag 
de xal to /iij V71&QZ* 1 ** 9 £jii0M9Wt$0v di xavza not 
diootareer /S&iiov. 

CAPUT XXXVI. 
- 7V> f inapadmXovp&oir iv xatg Ttgoxaaeai, ngog 
tw ttowtw «*(>a> &exeov, ov-nQOfvy /ueaai. 2. -^e'/w 
&, oloy, e* yivoito ovXXoyiop&z, oxi tys duceuoovvii<; 
Ayrjr iJtun^fix, aw aya&ov, to or* &y*&or, [ijj £ 
aya&oy, ngo? xtp ngtax^ 5xoa> &£xioy„"£axw yao to ^4, 
inunrjfiT}, oxt>aya&6v 4<p* $ deti B, Toay.<*#oV ty* 
» 6** to TV dixauxr&yti * to #4 -^ «l*^k to* 2* xaxijyo- 
oifoar tov yag o/a^ov lartr intox^fix % o« ayot&ov • 
aM« xai to J3 to v J** ^ jrag dtxatoevyy, onsg aya&6v. 
Ovtwg fih ovv yfrsra* ayaXvoig. El de noog iwB ti&tit\ 
to on aya&oy, ovx forctf to per yitg Axaxwxov B 
aXvj&ig corai • to de B xati rev r ovx aX^eg eat at' 
to yitg aya&oy on aya&ev xort^yoguy x%g dixctioov- 
Vi)$ t yevdog, xal oi avvsioK S.'Ofiolwg de xal, el to 
vytuvov dtix&elri, oxi intotr^xov iaxty, y ayot&or • «} 
tgayiXayog [do^aatby], 17 juij oV* ij avS-gmnog <p&ag- 
%ov, rj aio&rjTov • to anam yag rolg inixavtiyogovfie- 
voig ngog tw axQtn ttjv inavadinhocw &*xiov. 4. Ot^ 
^ devt^ £4 #«?(«£ xtovoqetv, otctvanXwg TiovXXoyia&/j t 
xal oxay xade %i 9 ij ny, qnoag. Aly& d* , otoy, Sxavxo 
itya&6* imaxfjxor dnxfrtj, **l Sxav imotqti v xi, on 
aya&ov. 5. IdXX', $1 piv aitXmg imor^xov didttxrm, 
ftiaop &tx£ov to oV. J& d* 9 or* aya&ov, to't* or. *Eor» 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ANAL. PRIOR. LIB* I. CAP. XXXVII. 79 

yag xo uiy *A, inunrjfiri, oxi xi ov • i<p* w deB, oV xi- 
jodeicp $ r, aya&ov aXti&ig drj, xoAxov B xaxyyo- 
gtiv tp yag imax^ri xov xtvog Snog, w xi or. jiXXa 
xal xi B xov r* to yag iq? w ri\ xu"Jloxe xal xoA 
xov r* Hoxat aga imaxtyi t l J °v ayn&ov, Sit aya&ov 
v\v yag xo xi oV xqg idtag ovotag arjfitiov. 6. £l 3$ xo or 
fiiaov hi&Tj, xalngogxq* axg&xb ovanX&g, xalfiijTo 
%i ov ilsx&n ' ovx av *? ovXXoyiopog, ox* iaxlv 4m~ 
oir t (<n>i xov aya$ov, on aya&ov, aXX, on ©V. .-• Olov, 
£<p w A, inioxJjpii, oxi ov iq> ($ xo B, ov : i<p <J Jf, 
aya&ov. 7. 0av*gbv oiv, on £v xolg iv piqu avJUo- 
yiopotg ovxwg Xrpuiov xovg ogovg. 

CAPUT XXXVII. 
Aii di xal yuxaXapfiavnv, a to avxo dvvaxat, 
avopaxa avi ovopaxM) xal Xayovb avxl Xoytav > xal 
ovofia xal Xoyov, xal atl avxl xov Xoyov tovvojia 
XapPdvuv (igw yag i\ x&v ogav ae&soig. 2. Olov, si 
firjdiv diaq>ioH> $lnuv^xo vjtoXqitxbv xov doHaoxov ftrj 
thai ysvog, lj jit} ilvat, antg (ntoXtjnxov xi, xo do£a~ 
oxov. Taixbv yag xi QT)paiv6(itvov - avxl xov Xoyov 
xov Xsx&ivxog xi vnoXiptxiv xal xo do£aoxiv ogovg 
&sxiov+ 3, jBrieJ deov xavxovioxi, xo tlvai xqv ydovriv ' 
aya&ov, xal xo elvat xqv ndovrp xi aya&ov ovx ofiolag 
&txiov xovg ogovg* al£, u p£v iaxtv o ovXXoytafiog, 
on fjdovT) xo aya&ov, ogov \&.exiov\xb aya&ov d 
d\ oxi aya&ov t dya&ov ovxag dsxal btl tmv clXXuv. 
4. Ovx lor* de xaixov, ovx elvat, ovx* tlnttr, oxi, $ 
xo BvnaQX*h *ovx<$ navxl xo Avnagxw xalxo eintiv 
xo, (o navvl xo B vnaox*h xal xo A vnaoxu navxl * 
ovdev yaq xvXvu, xo B x% rvndgxetv, fit) navxl 9i m 



00 ARiSTOTELIS 

olov, lore* lo.ph B, xaX6v[ti\* to 8e T, Xevxov. JS* 6^ 
mi Xbvxm vnaQXtt xaXov [it]* dXrj&ig sin&v, 8t* [tw ] 
Isiww vfidgxti xaXbv • aAA 9 ov wayT* i'ow?. 5. JJt /*£* 
ov v to A tw I? vtiuqxh, (xtj navtl de, xd& ov to 2J • 
ov? « navtl tw jT to i?, ovt ct jiovoy [t^i] vndigxu, 
dvdyxrj, to ,4 ov# ot* ov navtl, aX£ ovd* vndgxuv 
[tw r], 6. -E* #«, xa&* otov av to JB Xiyijtai aXTj&wg, 
tovtw navtl [to A\ vndgx*i' ovpPrjostai, to -4/ xa& 
ov navtbg to J3 Xiystai, vara tovtov navtbg Xiyt- 
adou. 7. El fisvjoi to A Xiynai, xa&* ov av to B 
liyTjTou, xata navtog 9 ovdiv xtoXvei, tw r vndgxuv 
to B, pri navtl ds to A, rj, oXtag py vndgxuv. 8. *Ev 
dij rdlg tgiplv ogoig drjjXov, ott to, xa& ov to B navtbg, 
to A Xiyso&ai, iovt ton, xa&* ooav to B Xiystai, 
xata ndvmv Xsyso&cu xal to A, Kal, tl fiiv xata 
navtbg to B, xal to A ovttog. El depth xata nojvtbg, 
ovx drdyxrj, to A xata navtog. 9. Ov deidsoYea-d'at, 
aaga to ixtl&sodai ovfifiaivsiwti atonov ovdiv yag 
ngooxgtafJtB&a tS> tods ti slvai* dXX* aonsg b ymfii- 
tgrjg trjv nodiaiav xal ev&eiavtrivdselvai xal anXatr} 
li}u, ovx ovaav. 3 AX£ ovx ovtog XQV Ta h &$ ^* tov- 
tw ovXXoyi£6utvog. "OXtog ydg, o fvi] iotiv tig olov 
ttgbg psgog, xal aXXo ngbg tovto wgfi'igOg ngbgoXov, 
ft ovdsvog tuvtoiovtcsv dsixwoiv b duxvvw oitde ydg 
ylv&tai o ovXXoyiofiog • tw 8' ixti&eo&at ovtta XQ&- 
fit&a • aoneg xal tw alo&dvso&ai [ngbgltbv (tav&d- 
vovta Xiyovttg 9 ov yag ovtcag, dig avsv tovttov ovx olov 
t% dnodnx&rivai, wWjo, ft wv o avXXoytofiog. 10. 
Mr\ Xav&avita de fjftdg, on iv TaJ avtio ovXXoytaftui 
ovx anapta t« ovfinegdafiaxa di frog axw aT M 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ANAL. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XXXVIII. 81 

law uUm to fib dta tevjov, to d* bi aXXov. dqlov 
ow, ou *a+ tag dvaXvatig ovra nouftiov. 11. *£jt$l 
d* ov nay ngoflXtJpa b anavxi QXHP* Tt > «^' b **«- 
<ttq» tttayfidva, qtaytgiy tx toV ovfintgaofiatog, b 
V a XW*ti faxTjxsoy. 12. Tovg tt ngbg ogiafiovg wr 
Xoy&v, iaoi ngbg tv t* tvyxavovo* tiitiXtypivoi toy 
iy tip og<p, ngog o dtsiXixxai, &srdov Sgov, xal ov top' 
Snayxa Xoyov • ijttoy yag avfififjattai tagccrtta-dmi 
diaw fiiTptog. Oloy, dtovdotg ititt£tv,onvygby notdy\ 
to nojoy, xal to vd&g, ooovg &tteoy. • 
CAPUT XXXVHI. 
*£u, tie toig £$ v7iox>eot(og ovXloyiopoitg ov Ttttga- 
tiov avaysiy. Ov yag eaxiv ix tSty xu/ibwy avdyuvi 
Ov yag dta uvXXoyiofjtov Muypbo* ctaiy, aXXadti 
ovv&7\%i\g wpoXoyijftiroi navxeg. Oloyy ti vno&ifieyog^ 
tlplatig dvyapig fiy stymy barxiatv, fitfi* btiat^^y 
ilycu (day, elta dtaX$x&t*yy oti ovx lor* ftla dvyetfttg 
tar baytiw. oloy tovvyiuyov xat tov yooxudovg' Sfi» ' 
yog soxcu to avtb vytuvby xct* yoowfog • on fib ov* 
texijiia itavrwy twy barttov Siyafug, anodiduxtar 
oti di imatfifiti , ovx Matty, ov Mdeixxat. Kalxotyt opo- 
Xoyuv ayayxdloy • aX£ ovx ix avXXoyiaaov, aXi $ 
vno&iasatg. Tovtovfib ovt ovx Matty avayayslr oti oi 
ov fiia dvytxfiig, taw* ovxog yag tjv tamgavXXoyiafiog* 
ixutog 6e vJio&setg. 2. € Ofiokog ds xul inl twvSia tov 
aifoyatov nsgaivofibwy • ovx* yag tovtovg satiy &ya- 
Xviiy* aXXa tyy fib tig to advyaxoy anayo>yi\y, fbir 
avXXoytofitf yag ddxvvtai* d-attgov d',ovxMo*ir i$ • 
ino&iomg yig ntgalyttai. 3. Jiaqpigbvoidi xmyrrgo- 
ugr}fiivw oti iv ixdyoig fib bti nQod*ofioXoyyaaa&cu, 
Arist. ANA!.. F 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



& ARISTOTEL1S 

6wtW, xat. inmiiw* «^«*^ y «tm}r • ^rwxvd-a M 
tea* f«}. w^o^o^oio/ijpajiai'oi^tfw^rwgoi/at^aTo qpayt- 
00* Jyoi to. pritfof.*' oJoiy i*&tioriQ Tifc dwtpitfov 
ovppiTqQv, jb.ta ntQiT?»1oa tlrou toig aqtiotg. 4. 
ZCoiio* ft xateteoo* *«o«iVq*t«* it vno&i<n*x, ovg 
imaxiijtaa&cu d&,. *«£ oW^/tit?'" xu&aqtog. 7iv*s 
pc* qvv aidta<poto» tovtmv, ual nooaz&s ybonai ol 
IStraofttoafe. v0«^ok tyaifttp.. IVum d* tooovtov ypir 
lotto yavtyov, on ov* tori* avmXvu* eig t« o?i?/u«t« 
tqv£ xoioviovg ovVLofiaftove.' ntxi dti qy mtlav,u^ 

CAPUT XXXiX. 

. "Oaot di in nktlom. ojpjpaot btUuwxut w» nqo- 
fflmtuiw, 8* ip &ajfyyi avlleyuf&pt mt# arat/a- 
yu* x.ov. avXlo/ujf*Qp et£#«T<oo»* oloJVTOfiftTqf ft0«~ 
ty of loqTtXox tig. to, dsvttgep * xal fix cV typfov tig 
to flrowrox* oiix anuvt*$ 6i, ik£ tyiovq.. ^'tftw ft 
o^cxeoo* 4k io«ff fcxopiroi* •. 2. JEi y«o to w* ju*tfcx2 t£ 
JP^to fl£jB aaxr* t<£ r, to <4ov4cxt t£ JT. Ovtw pix 
ouxTOfrpviox <U^a. *Ew oj irtiat^wpjj to otso^t*- 
xix, to f^aoK lorffi.* to yao £ t$ f*ix^lovfo#»*, tw ft 
JT araxT* tyrao£lt«. 3. c O/tto/fl)€ As x«}, si /u^ xa&oiov, 
oU' ix /ueoa*, 6. ovlXo^iOjUOff/ ©W,, ti To/iix ^i /tufdext 

T<J I?,. TO 0£ JB Tlfl Tljj r. !4XTIOT0*$4f'f 0£ #*0 10V Of t- 

oWtxoi), to fiftoox wot ojwpa. 4» T«w 5a & t« d«t/- 

TfO^ QXTtfAClTL OvXloftOflMV 0* p«X- XttdoAdtf ttVCtftflf- 
OQXfCfe 6*? TO TEOttTOX [o# %tt]'' T«5* 6*' fr ptytl«T«0O? 

H&vWi, b.^Eotio yctQ to A t« pax 2? p^dcxi, t$ lejP 
koxt* vitctogox. ^TioioaqpexTOff oiSx tow crrc0i]T«xei/,TO 

Digitized by CaOOQlC 



ANAL. PRIOR. LIB. k CAP. XXXIX. 83 

tto&ior fewl WW"' to p& fit B o*?** 1 V? A ' to 
ti A mmlty rvnatf$t.6.'Ear te*o*ajyyo(p*bf 
flip jj'xobg t# B, to ^ott^iutom^b^ r$r, nq&tav 
OQor &$tior to. JV- tovro yao ovoMTy A? to diA 
navtl f# B' mat oidivlty B to T* ovd' «o« to B 

T$ r Otffcfrf* «»YI0Tf tfW £«0 TO. OTfOqTtffOir* 7. '.Bo* 

di rfy f«^w fl o ovttogiopoV ota* fii* pro <rnQi}Uxbt> 
no*? tw £t/£m o*o?k araltrihjoaraf. tfe to. ttowiok 

[«ri^«]:- °*°^ f* **•;* f^lM ** * f f w r«w* 
trmffrocup&tos yJo to* ot*pijmov, tarao&for-Icrrort 

ox^jva. . To fM* £«fc A • to** *¥: -^ " to M--4* twl *$ 
XV 8. < toffw*^t.To sari?;' 00**0 f, ovji afwAv^hgoT***' 
olo*> & **At% plir Bnavily t£ diTov north oift 
y*Q diX**** *vt i#toof>^ to ji £* ovrt jwope'yq? 
«OToVot>lto£fOju6f.. 9- XZaAov ot fi*r i* tw tpfra> 
oxfyiuti oi% i**lv&q9ortttk sta'm?. tfc to ifo&Toy 
ot & A* t£*fiftq£ nameuQ to' to/to?.. '10* c flT«o- 
jpfo* yap to fth A. monk tip B, to &i B. wl t£ r. 
Ovxovr, iml araoroof «. to f* /ttyeti aarn/ooixo*, 
V7t*?$** f *«*3 to rTiyfrp £«*«a0«ultto»Ti vftitfjt* 
£t« B]; «0T« ffotrat to to/to* (#*?/*». 1 1, X«J, «* . 
ate^nxo^. fcot*Uo£*o?iofc oWtif «a.\ «rf»<rro^* /ig 
to ^ i"^** K«rT^ooufaV» *&ot* to fifr ul ov6Vl t£ 
B;, to to XT TM*i**o$«.. I2i- ^rtfr 0« i* t£ TfcUv- 
T«/ft> cxVfMn ovXlbyiop&v eh pivot oik imXvnw 
fit r& *q$to*9 Swoat pif *m&ikou'm9ji % iik or«o^u*oVt 
ot ft *JUot Wrrff oWJMbh.. 13. JT#f WW***" 
yap. jn*to£ tov X 1 tolitfi jm&t* Jfc ov*ov* o>Tt0Tol«pe* 
to. r iioo* f»*Tfoo* *»*/^pt/«v. *l^«^a,«V« to ^ 
nrt j$> Bi. \ftav oow»i Ta^ioiTor axifr*i &*$ P*> 

F 2 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



84 ARI&TOTEL.IS 

Aitartl x«I r, to 8$ rnvl v$ B. l4».4Ca* A % o pi* 
A nixptl [t$ rj, to^« J9 w* t$ JT* o unxi&lop+s: iv- 
tUrtt>t<pH yetQ ttqoq tx> T to &. 15. 'Eav te xo fth> B 

TTOVtl T<S F, TO 0«.i4 Tf*t T$ p, fffVTOft Of OP^tTOOVTO 

B • to ykq B nnvtl t$ Jf* to £§ JT wi tijj 4; toVta to 
B xivltUjA' 4ml d* avxurtQiyx) xbivfUQt^ xal to .4 
tivJ it) B v7E(*Q$n. 16.^a«, si otco^tmto^ oovJUo/i- 
a/iOf , xatfoAou ToVopop'oVTWf^o/iofoeA^Tsop. 'XriaQ- 
xh(a yag to Bnavilxca T y icd6Aftr)d$vi. Ovxovvxwi 
Tcp B vnagze* to F* to fli ,4 ov0ty» t$ /*• wore wxat 
(iioor to ST. 17. 'OfUfioa^ di not, §1 to pkr 0*t$ ijwb* 
xa&okov, to Si, xwyyopixoy 4y ftigu. *Tq pi* y*Q Jk 
otetri t&r* ibJirtirl to) B vndfiu. iZ.'Jxtvdii* 
fifyHltif&fi to xnt^rixmbvy ovn iaxm*irmlva^\ pi©*, 

ft TO fftV.B ftftrfl T<? -T> TO M jCwrf pi) WM0; «Jf- 

TtOTQa<pb>Tog ytt$ tow 2? JP, «pW Te ? CM ' ** ttpoiaotef 
taofTa* x*t« itlpo?.,l& *«if«ipoy tfe^au *a* eifbevS 
avakvtip eh Sibyl* xa qp/pata q api? *$ ilixxqn 
axon nqixaat g ayxioxytTtjea fr epqporopoir xols oflpj- 
fiCHji • *aVT<w /«? tiemax&eftivifto ij futxifhuke y/*«- 
ten. 20. ttw* ^ A" t« ptap <wt#«m iwfOff.fiJi* 
uvalvtrdt, 'dftspog' As ovxoV^ucTOtyittf TOTg&Qy* 421- 
e '0Tft>» fiiv ygt$ jj to xa&6X<6v oxxt^uxbv^ artiivexvt. 
El /«g to A fujhv} fib ty B, xqt&ir xivl f afi(pQX^m 
ojtfofa? <li* Httqiyu wq+g. to if, "i^oii **• pcVB Ptlfc- 
vl*x§A:v&dir tip/. JUt'par. af>M» ^L 22. w 0f a* 
fll ro J* jriori *a> £; t$ & J^r»^|u^viMi^^,o£^/r 
y^rort £yt*Wtt <"0^£tt'?a ybtf ,*&>*{ oi«ff<ttff <4k. T^ff 
oevTi&r $<*??}<; *)«&&iov. &3v Jfcai a* if* «•{ Tfto> v. 5i 
otfll***** ou^lv^ovt4^wt^fti9ov^wp pxc&f>lf>v 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. I. CAP. XL. 85 

to oxtQrjxtxov* 6\ov, tlxb A pf]tityl xto !*• to d§ B 
xtvl, rj navxi* xal yag to rxtn (tip A ovdtrl , ry di 
B xtvl vnag&L 24. 'JEccr b*i inl (tigovg r\ to otcoij- 
xixbv, ovx avaXv&rjaexat • 01; yag dixtxat avxiorgo- 
qpr)v xo to (itgti dnoqpaxixov. 25. toaytgbv ovv, ox* 
ot avTot ovXXoyiopoi ovx avaXiovxai irxovxoig tdig 
oxypaotv, o'l'irtQ ovJ' tig to nqtbxo* apeXvovxo • xal 
oxi, tig to ngiaxov oxr)(ia ™ v ovXXoytO(i&v avayo- 
(dvow, ovtoi parol diet xov advraxov ntgaivovxai. 
26. Hwg fiiv ovv fol xovg ovXXoyiofiovg avaytir, nal 
on avaXvtxat.xi oxrjftaxa tig ctXXqXa, cpaytgov toxtov 
tlgrjpivwv. 

CAPUT Xt. 
Jiacpigu dtxi to x$ xaxaoxtva£*t* , rj avaoxtva- 
Ztiv, to vnoXanpivtiv rj xavxbv, rjjxtgov orjfjiaivtiv to 
pr) thai x69t t xaithat (irj xoft • oloy, xbfifi thai Xtv- 
xov, 10 thdi (it) Xtvxov, Ov yaq xavxbv or}(iaivn • ovd M t 
Soxiv anoyaoig xov thai Xtvxov to that pr) Xtvxov \ 
&XXa to fxi) that Xtvxov. 2. Aoyog 9i xovxov ode. 
€ 0(iol(og yaq I'xti to tivvaxai padi£uv ngbg to dvvaxa* 
ov fladt£tiv tv tan Xtvxov ngbg to £cjtiv ov Xtvxov*. 
xal lb inloxaxai xaya-96v nobg to inloxaxat to ovn 
Sya&ov '(to yaq inloxaxai [to aya&bv], rj taxiv tit" 
oxaptvog xo i'ya&bp, o$b*ivdiaq>tgti' ovSixbdvvaxat 
(tadittiv,t} % 6dxi d^vvdfitvog (3adi£tiv SSbxt xal xa avxt- 
xtiptva, ov tivraxai fiadittiv, ovx taxi dwaptvog /Ja- 
dfttiv) tl'ow xo ovx taxi dvvafitvog padi&iy xavtb 
orifialvtt, xaltbxi dwa/itvog ov padt^tiv, rj fit) 0adi- 
inv • xavxa yt Spa vnugUi xco avt$ • (o yaq avtog 
divaxai xal (tadiZuv, xat (if) pudi&iv • xal inioxtjpmv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



06 AR1STOTEL1S 

tov &ya&ov,xa*Tovpii aya&oviatrjydoig di xcil ino- 
qtaoig ovx vnigxpvotp at iprixilpspat apa t$ avtia. 
"jlontqoir qv TOtvToy dart, to py inurrad&anb uya- 
&bp, xal inter aad at to ph &ya&iv ovdi, dvcu pr\ 
dya&ov, xal prj ilvai iya&br, tcwtoV. T&p yaq 
uvaXiywp iiv ^-auocrg hego,xal &a%toa. 3. Ov- 
di to thai py hop, xal %h py £p*i hop' *$ pip,yag 
vnoxmai u t$ oyri prj law, xal jovt* eoTirbaviijov' 
■*$ Sh ov&dr. Aiojibo hop. pip {j apioop ov nap\ynaQ- 
X*i] • hov Ob, ij ovx hop nav. -4. "En , to tow. ov 
Xtvxov $ilop, xal to ovxton Xtvxbp SvXop, ovx Spa 
v 7i«^f t . El ydg ion SvXop * ov Xsvxb p, eorcr* $vXop • 
to di.pq ov Xevxby ^vXop ovx dniyxrj tlva^vXop. 5. 
m Jlars yuptoop, on ovx%OTiTov%oTtp : iya^bpib lanp 
oyx atya&bp anocpaotg. J% ovp xctia navibg bog 
i y <pdvig, rj anoopaoig foy&qg ' u py ionv anoq>a- 
aig, dqXov, wg xariyaoig Sr nvg tty* Karaopdotfog 
di ndoyjg dnoopaolg fair xal Tavrqg aga to qvxivtiv 
ovx aya$6v §. v JSx H $* taliv vyvtis ngbg ctXXqXa. 
"Helta to pay thai iya&by, if ov A' to di py sTpcu 
aya&bp, lip ov to JB* to di sfvaipij aya&bp, bp ov 
r,v7tb to B' to dipt} thai pn aya&bp> 1<p ov A, 
vnb to A. Uavrl drj -vndoSu ? to A, if to B , xal 
oifdepi Tgi avt$ • xal y to r, rj to A, xal ovdsvl tw 
ccvtw. Kulo) to I\ dvdyxrj, to B navrt vnagxBiP* 
El yaQ aXtj&ig unnp , on ioilv ov Xtvxov xal t ox* 
ovx tan Xtvxbp, dXtj&ig. \4dvpaTOP yag, Spa tlpai Xev- 
xbp, xal thai pi} Xtvxov fi,uvai IvXop ov Xexxov,xaliU 
vat SvXop Xtvxop. "Hot, tl prj { xatdyaoig, ij ani- 
qpawg v/r«o{«. T« di B to T oix id, "O yiq 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB, I. CAP. XL. 9t 

oXtag aij IvXop iotlp , ovtiii £vlop ibra* ov itvxoy. 
*AvanoiXiv toivvp, $ to A, xal to A nanl. *H fag 
to r, ij to J. 3 £ntt S ' ovj oioy tc apa tlratpt) Uv- 
xop, xal *7y« If vxoy, to A vnaoUi. Kara fag tov oy- 
to$ Aevxov aii?#«$ $inur,ouovu§ativ ov iUvxoV xatd 
ditovAov nanogtoA* xatit fig tov oktug py optog 
Hiov ovx aXri&sg to A «**£?, ig ton SvXop Atvxoy, 
"Jlott to A aXrj&ig' to A ovuilij&ie, or* IvXov Aavxoy. 
Aylor d\ ot* xa* to A T ovfavl Tip ovt^ vffaojp*, 
e* xa* to J5 xa2 to -^ Mortal tun tw avry vrcao- 
{at. l/Opolwg 4* jfcovoiy at artoijws fcfoc Ta$ 
xatyyoglag tovtj} tJ ^ttfft . ["JSotw 7*?] foo* , *V 
o w to w< • ovx Tooy, «V <ww fl« Srioov, tfqp' ov to Z* 
ovx anaopg iff ov to J. 8. Xa* iiil noXX&pdi , &p 
tolg fur inag%H, tolg 8i oi% vnagz*i to avto, ^ «fV 
•anoqwatg ofioiwg aXij&evori av, ot* ovx Iota Aivxa 
h nurta,4j>Suoi* Iota Atvxoy Ixaoroy* on W ^or«y 
ov Aevxoy fxaaroy, i|, ot* nana iotlp ov Itvxi, ytv- 
6og. 'Opofag Si xal tov tat* nap two? favxbv ov 
to Ibr*y ov Xtvxop Snap .(/Stop inotpaoig • a«<jcw yio 
yjwdug * aUa to ovx Iot* nay &5oy AtuxoV. Q^^** 
5c ^Aov, ot* frcow oqu a*>f * to Saw ov Xevxop, xal 
to ovx 1km Xtvxop * xa* to a£y xataqtaoig, to d§ ano- 
qxxaig * q?ap$gop, ig ovx 2 «vto$ tootjoc top Ofixyv* 
ra* Ixarf ooy. Oioy ot*, o ay ij S&*p, owe Ear* iiv- 
xoy, i} Mixtion aq thai Xtvxop • xa* ot* aXrj&eg d- 
niip pr) Xcvxoy * tovto ya^ ivriy c7ya* a^ Acvxoy. 
!^ZiLa rov «ey aAi^c; fmaly, eon ievjfov, fiVc a^ >l*v- 
xor, o ovto; tootto;* xaxaontvaarwug yaQ r afi<f>to 8ta 
tov nowtov innvvtai awfivtog* to yag iXn&ig r$ 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



88 . ARISTOTELIS 

sorir opotmg tdnttat • to v yao aXrjdig tutu* Xtvxor, 
pv to akq&ig sintiv prj Xtvxbv inoqtaatg, aXXa to py 
aXy&eg ustuv Xtvxop. . £t £' coTir aJt^dig tinnr, c 
av ;/ ap&omJtog, poveixbp that, 1} f*ij novatxov tfvcu: 
o ap jj Hop, Xqmiop, q elra* povoixop, rjpii povot- 
, xqp elrai * *a* didewau To di py that povoixov, 
. o ap tj apd-qunog, apaaxtvaetiMwg dtlxpvtai xata 
. Toif uoupbovg tgtl g tyinovg. 'ito/AnXSg di,Stap 
. ovxvg tyy to Jtxai to H, More a/ua flip 1$ ait$ pi 
Mix tod at, naxtldiit avayxtig daxtoov* xal rtdXiv 
to r xal to Awravt&g* iittftat di t$ JP to A, xal 
prj avTioxqifpT) • xal tw J5 to A axoXov&rjott, xal ovx 
apttatoiyw xal toper A xal to A hdix^iat ta> on- 
to), to oe J5 xa* to J* ovx foddxttat. JJowroy pip ovp, 
on tw 5 tnttat to ^, ip&M§ qpavtqoy. 'JSTttl yaq 
\navu\jbiv TA &ategop 3$ ipapt^g* Z di to B,ovx 
iydexetai to r, dta to ovprnupioup to A, to di A xal 
B pr^ i*ddx*o&at tw auTW * a>aptobp' p ott to A axo- 
Xov&ipjit. JIaXtp, intl twAtb r ovx ipriQtqhptt, 
naptl di rj to r, rj to A, ivbixnai, to A xal to A toi 
avttp vnaqx*tp * to di ye B xal to T ovx irdixtvat 
dta to avpaxoXov&up t y T to A* ovppalpn yaq tt 
advvatop* 4>ap*qbp ovp, ott ovdi to Btf* A aptt- 
otqiant • hztintq iyx^oti apa tto A xal to Avnaqxttx. 
11. 2up(tatp*t di hlottxml hf tjj totavtjf taUt ttar 
oqa>p anataad-at dia to pi] tit aptixtlptpa Xappapttp 
OQ&ug, $p apayxri naptl Qattqop tWo/enr. Olop, 
$1 to A xal to B ph ipdix*tat apa t<5 avtm, arayxrj 
di, vndoXHV, £ pq &at*qop, &attqop* xal ndXtp to 
r xal to 4 woavtug • 4 di to r, naptl fbttrat to A* 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALTT. PlUOft. LIB: II. CAP. I. 80 

trvfipr\6tTcu [yc*Q\> <*>re J, to B vnaoxup iSdruyxrig, 

onto iatl iptttdog. JBiXyq>&(0 yag \ anoq>aotg tup A 

B, ij 4q>* tip Z* xal naXip tmv TA t fj iq>* &y 0. *Apdy- 

K7) dtj, naptl i)i6j£, fjto Z* i) ydg tip ydoiv, rj tfjp 

vnoyaoiv. Kal ndXtP, fj jo r, rj to O • qxxoig ykg 

xal dnopaoig. Kal, w to r, nuvxl to A vnoxut'ai. 

9 Jlati, w to Z, noptl to 0. IZaXiv , inil ttip Z B 

navtl &dttgop • xal t«m> A woaviag • axoXov&u 

ditot Zto B % xal tw A axolov&fan to B* tovto 

ydg loptr* M aga r§ rrb. A* xait§ A to B. Tov- 

to di yevdog. 'drdnaXt* ydg rp 4p tot? ovtug &ov- 

oiv q axoXov&rjaig. \% Ov ydg foag dpdyxtj, nap- 

%l to A, i\ to Z, ovdi to Z, rj to B* ov ydg ionp 

anoyaaig tov A to Z ' tov ydg dyct&ov to ovx dya- 

&ov anoataoig* ov tovto di iari to ovx %otip dya&op 

tw, ovtt dya&op, ovtt ovx aya&op. 'Opolag di xal 

inl tip r J* Al ydg dnoipdatig al etXjjpfiiyai tivo 

*loi*> 



LIBERA. 

CAPUT L 

JSp noaoig pb ovp ox^aot, mo* did nolw, xal nb- 
awy ngotdot*tp,xal not*, xal n&g ylpztai ovXXoyi- 
Ofiog* ft* di, ttg nota filmtiop apaoxtva£optixalxa~ 
taoxtva£optt, xal nwg dil f^Tftv ntgltov ngoxtifiirov 
xa& inovapovp (ti&odop • ft* di[xat], did nolag 66* ov 
XyytQfi$&a tag nagl txaatop dgxds* V&V 6i*Xr}Xv&a- 
fitp. 2. *Entl di ot pc? xado'Aov T«* ovl!©/*©?*** 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



90 ARISTOTELIS 

§taip 9 of 61 Mpigovg* ol jiiv xa&oXov irarreff id 
ntelo) ovXXoyltoVTctf xwv di iv fiigtt oi tterxaiTjyoqi- 
xol nXtiw* ol d* anoopaxixol xo ovfinigao/Aa fuovor. 
Ai (ih yitg aXXat ngoxdong avuoxgiajovoiv • % di b 
pigu ot8Qt}Tixi) ovx ivxungiqpu • to de ovuitigaoua 
xl xaxa xwog ioxw. u Jlo& oi /tip aXXoi ovXXoyia^ol 
nXdot (rvXXoyiiovTou, Olov, d to A dideixxat narti 
t$ B, if xivf xal to Biivl t£i A avayxaiov inao^ 
ZW ' xctl d prflsvl t$ B to A, ovdi to JB ovdtvl iw 
A, Tovxo dehegov xov i(i7tQoo&tv. El di to A 
%ivl (iij vndgxei Tip B,ovx ay a per}, xal to B %kA xa 
A py vndgxuv frfo^eTcu./ao nanl vnagxeiv. Av- 
ttj piv ovv xotvri navxotv alxla, xmv re xa&oXqv , xat 
x&v xati jiigog. 3. "Eoxi di tzsqI twv xa&oXov xa) 
aXXoig dnuv. "Oaa yag i} vno to uioor, *} wo to 
ovfinigaa/ia ioxiv, vnavxwv toxon o avxog ovXXoyt- 
opog • &xy xa piv iv t$ pioo)' xa d*s 6* t$ ov/tTrcoa- 
apcro «##. 4. Olov, ei to A B avpnigaofta &a 
xov r* Saa vno to U, ^ to P ioxlv , avdyxti, xata 
ndvxoiv Xiyso&ui xo A' d yag to A iv oXoi xo) 7i, to 
d*« JB iv oXoj xo) .4 • xal to -J eaTOfi fr oXoj xo) A. Ha~ 
Z*y, dxb E iv oXy xo) JT, xo di T iv xo) -4 # xal to £ 
& o'Aw xw ^4 £OT(Xi, 5. 'Opolaig ds xal, d oxsgijxixog 
tit] o ovXXoytapog. 6. 'iftrt fo tov fci/Tegoi/ ozifaia- 
xog xo vno x6 avpnigaajxa jtovov %orat ovXXoywa- 
o&cu. Olov, d to A to) B pydtvl, tw tie V navii' 
ovfinigao^a, vt> oidwl xw JT to B, El dy xo *4 vno 
to rioxl, yavBgbv, ou ovx vnagz*t> avrw xo B. Tols 
di vno xo A on ovx v™*QX*h ov dyXov dia xov ovX- 
Xoyiopov, Kaltoi ovx vnagxtc ry E, d *o~uv vno 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. Lift, II. CAP. II. 01 
to A* "Allot to ptiv ty rpqdtrl vnioxuv *° s > M 
tov ovXXoyiojiov diduxtui. To di v$ A p*i vna^ 
%eiv, avanoduxxov ilktint&f fcwm oh diu tov ovXXo- 
ytapbv avfificUvn, to B t$ J2 py vnagxuv. 7. *Mn\ 
di rm * iv-piqu twv fiivvnb to ovfmtyctepa oix total 
to avqyxouov ov yao ylv$tw ovXXqyuj(tbg,b'tw av- 
ttj l*w&ri 4v fiipsr twy di vno to psoor 3<rtflu niv- 
Twy, jriijy ov fax rhv wXXoyiOfiov. Olov, tiro A 
navtl t£ 2?, to fle £ Jtrl tea vT* tov f*«V ^«o v/ro to 
JH ts&ivtog ovx soxa* ovXXoyiQpoQ • tov £« v^o to B 
Borar ill' ov dta top nooytytvimivov[avXXoytOfi6*\. 
H/Ofiol<ag 6e xou iwi t£y aiUwr ojw<atw tov ji«V 
^ao vno to avfini^oKspoL ovx lotai* d-atc'oov £« Iota*.* 
Trilby ov dia tor avXXoytofiov, Jf xa) fr to^ «adoAov 
# avanodtixtov tifc ffootaacuf ta vno to pioov idtl- 
xvvto' &QT9 3 ovfli Aw lata*, ^ x«d ifoij tovtw.; 
CAPUT 1L ^ 
'jEcm jib ovv ovttag ?£W, «W oU«j$«7$ «7iw taf 
KQOTaoug, di wyo *wUo/*a/*oV !<rti $\ watt yiv- 
5a? * eati d\ wot« tqv.ftb aXq&fj, tip dp yevftf) • to 
oa ovfiniguapa { aA^iN^ ^ ytvdog 4$ vvdyxije. 2. 
a J££ olXhOmv pip ovv ovx «<m yevdog ovXXoyloao&ai • 
ix ipsvdwv d£ i<JTu> altj&ie, nly* ov dioxi , aXX' ©«• 
tov yaq diori ov* low ix yevd&v ovXXoyiopog * di 
i\v di aitlav, iv totg bxofi&fo^ hx^V^tat, 3. /Zo«3- 
toy /ie> ow, ,ot* {£ a>l^«y ov# oIoV ft y/atflof mmUo- 
yioao&cn, irtBv&tv dyXor. JSl yao, tovu* ovTOf, ivoU 
yx^tb B tlvcu* tov B pi) ovtog, ivdyxtj, toApfi (Z-. 
vat. El ovv &Xt}&ig ion to A , avayufi , xal to B 
aXri&ig tfout* r\ av/i/5ija«Ta<, to ntvto u p» *TvoJ Tt »o* 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



02 ARISTOTELIS 

ovx tlvtti •« Totfre dl ddvvatov. My oil da xtitm to A 

Ag ftgos, v7toXij<p\h]T(o t tvtiixtofrtu, &g kpog tivog ov 

tog, i$ uvdyxyg t% ovpfialvtiv ov yag oloV %*, To\ 

lih ydg- avpfiotivov 4£ dviyxyg to ovpnigaopdt iart • 

8? <Sv8i tovto yiyneti iXaxloTvv, rgtlg ogot, dvo tie 

diaot^pHta, [xetl ngotdvug']. Ei ovv aXy&sg, w to B 

vndgxii, [***J to A ncivtl* £ 8k to T, to B- J toT, 

arayxy, to A vndgxw * *al ovx ofoy T« tovto yeii- 

8og tipm* apa yag vndgSet ratio > xcti ovx vndg&t. 

To ovv AtoGmQ & Ktittu> dvo ngotdoug gvXXtj- 

qp&Haoci. *Opottog 8s xal inl t&v ottgijtiwy fyu • ov 

yvq tan* i$ dXy&wv 8u$m ytevdog* 4. *Ex ytvdiav 

8i ioxiv dXtfteg dvXXoyhoto&tu, xal dpcporigcoy iw 

ngotdoswr yw&wv ovowv, xal rrjg ptux?* tovtij? dt 

ovx wotiootg ttvx&, AXXd ttjg 8sviigag,idvnfg oXrfl 

Xappdvmptv ytsvdrj' py oXyg 8e XapPavopdvr,g , sariv 

bnottgaaovv, 5,"Eow> ydg to A oX($ tw r vndg- 

Xov, i» 8k B pr}8evi, p^8i to B t# JT.* *Mv8ix*tai bi 

tovto 'olov, Xl&u ovtisvl ££op, otrdk Xi&og ovdivl 

iv&giunq. 3 £dv ovv Xtiy&ji, to A nmnl t$ B, xal 

to B mtvtl t| JT* to A naptlty r&rdg&l, »oV it 

dfiyotv tf>*v8ar dXrj&sg to avanegaapa* wag ydg aV- 

&Qomog ?c3ov. 6. 'Jlmviwg Si xal to arsgijttxor. 

"£aw ydg t# r pyts to A vndgxstv ptfevl, '^xt to 

B- to pbtoiA t% B nartL Oiov, idv, twv avtwv 

Sgtov Xw&btmv, piaov T &&$ o av&gwnog • Xt&t» yag 

ovts Jwovi ovVe av&g&nog ovdsrt vndgxu, ctv&gwirq 

dsTtavtl&ov. v Jlate, ia» t w ph vndgxn navil, 

Xi^pw, Mdevi wagx*" ' 4 d * M vndgxn 9 itavxl 

vndgxttv • ^x yevdwv Apipfy dXq&is Zotaito uvpn*- 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL1T. PRIOR. LIB, 41. CAP. n. 03 

QotopLu. l.'Qpokis didux&ydniiu, x$v ini t* ytv- 
dijs Sxcmqct litfp&T}* 8. 'JB«y d' h hxtya xs&jj yw 
dijg' tffejtb nqmx%g Sbi$ ymtdovs ovvw, **«* *nf 
A By Qv* tax** xb avfm^oK^La ulrj&ig* tyg de BT 9 
ear at. My* ft Stop f*v6n%ip ivarxfar • *oloy, $i 
pi}dsvl vTtfxyxov, nurxl eftjprcjx*.' i}> $ivavxl, fii)jk*l 
v7T<xQx*w m 9, "JStno* ykq xoAifyB pryUvl vnu^oy, 
to di B tw T ncmri. 'jBap dy xyrpev B r nQOxaow 
XdpQtyevvlq&y* %r,v ti A B yndij eU«v, u&l mini 
v7t<xqzmv % w Bxi A' udvratov, to avjiTti^aefta dUq- 
&ig ,§&<** • -ov$8vl #<xq vnqqx* J & F ' • *#M? t4 *° &> 
pqlM xb 4 • lb M & wvxl t$ r. 10. 'QpQJW ii, 
si xoAxyB nmvxl v?v<x$rot, *«} *o JB t$ iT {ftort/] •. 
Xrjy&tlii ds fi iter B T ahl&W W?ix*<H9 y d* A B 
iptvditf oty, iwlfiifiwi, t[h*b By%i *A* *9 evfjinfya* 
Qfta ysvdig for** • nuvxl faqvni^u t$ T xb.A' ii- 
n*Q, $tiB,nfcT}x6A,xb diBwxrxlxfpT. IL&ar 
ytQoy avp, $xi, %%g ftgvrffs \ SblS loLfiPavoptvys y*v-\ 
dovg, ur xt'itarotqx****^* -*? f* 0«wi«uij, W* fl'- 

12. JW^.cU^ $e UtfiPopopivw #tv9ov£ , $o?m. . JSi 
?af t?^;*$ f*«* JT*W?i VfWQXH) tj& As B.tivI, *i. 
Si B w*rtt ifr*. <jW, ££*w fcaf**^ tfw Tiayri , ' JLtti* 
k<» te-tm, xq $6Uvxbvntx*rX*\f*vf$ « *«* 2#9>#jib xi 
.4 "Wot*. jWp #» *<*♦ X* B Twtrxl x$ ,J\ xp A navel x$. 
rhftiffiH ilq&vg' nag ypQ xwvoettity* t&'Oppi*- 
tog di *al, ft oxs$t\tt*bv ify xb A B' ifXQQ& yaQ, xi 
A x$ fUvPxwlvft £<&$&fT$ &i T pndtvi* to diJJf, 
ncvii} x$ fti)lov f xb K £6av nil pi* Uvxv , xw* &* 
oidtfuys UvwvMwpyxi&n* \ >4i ovp lnp&*in, <*i 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



94 ARIST0TEL1S 

(tiv A prfit*\ %$ B,tb di B nartl t<5 T • to A oidtrl 
%m r vrctvoltt. 14. .*££* W ij /u«V-4 JB nqoxuatg Sly 
ltl<p$jiuXtl&fig^tl dl B r oXti;yf9vdqe* tatai isvl- 
Xoywpbg alti&jjf ovShf %a$ x&Xvti, t& A xal t» B 
ual iw r *«»*} vnaQXtiv, lb fihtoi B pytitrl tw jp 
o$©y, ook ewtot> y&oi>$. ttty py for* aXXf}Xa • to ya$ 
tfio* nalfytnq nai Av&Qmitn ttm&w 9 ** titnog Si ov- 
d$vl av&Q&ntp.. 'Bay pi* ov* iijqp^jj, to A Ttetyxl tw 
.B, *«* to If nartl t$ r- <»Jlq&? Sotat to uvpniqa- 
Ofta, ysvdovg ovorjg SXrjg Tije B JT ffooTaota?. 15. 
'Ofioitos di xal, orco^Ttx^e otro^g T% -4 JR frooTcMW- 
019. ? Er9ix6iai ytyy to .4 jmjt* t<3 B, fiiJT« tw P/ii?- 
fleW vnaqXetv, fi^dl ta B ^o^l t« f^ ©toy, to?s £ 
SUov ywovg. ti'fook to it tq or yivog* to yog £&oy oS- 
1* ftov0*xjj f ovre ^Tgi*tt ttoa£?t» , oi6" §. fiovaixy 
ctstyixj?. Ati$&4wo§ $\1¥ tofr jtfr A fti}&svi tw J5, 
tov oe A *r«*i£ tw JT, £At)#& $0?** f & ovpnigmofui. 
AG. K*l,u w Sky y,*vMj$ $ BT, it£ inttt, xal 
o?to>$ law* to ovpintyixapa aty&isi Ovdb* yct$ *«- 
l&i, to ^TirtfJ T$ B, x*j t# JT©'*# frr«0£K*»To>eV- 
mBtiWtw JT' oloy,*6 ;f«V©$ t$ if6fi> xotlrft dia- 
VOQijt: To y«Q Wok »on*tJr arttyiwty, *4 rtfryti ni- 
2£* 4s ay^ftcMogtfrfftef?, wctfov^otnfc JETovr 
to ^ 7rayrf' t& B; *tti to J3 *o*rl: tw Fi Xtyp&eiy ' 

TO .4 TTtfVTt Tftf I* '• V9NVf£lft.* ,0**p ^ <»JLl^«g. 17. 

'Opoliag, 6» x«*; <nfyi¥ti*$g. ofotjg: tfa A B #ooTaai- 
w^i y £vd8x&cu yaq, to A'pfyt t$ B; jWjtt Tt^ ^Tfii^- 
6Wlw0^»iy<-TO/tiyToi BTfriTw 17* ftloyj.To y^of 
tiJ e| «AAov yitovg efoi^ Ktf); 8taq>fiQ#* to yi^ Cwoy 
oiftt ^ooniaei ovdtfH^ vnvtfH , ' olhte &9&fflrmjj* j 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. II. % 

dt (f>QOvri<H9iivX &$mQi}tixy.. M ovv Xijy&urj, tvpb 
A unfevl t$ B, to di B. nartl t£ !*• ovSevl t$ rto 
A vndtfu* tovto di ty aXrj&i^ lS^Bnl di tw h 
(tdou avXXoyiGp&r irdixnak xal, ti}s itoityg ngovi* 
amg Slip ytivdovt *wty( ,, Tij* ©** iTtgat aXrj&ovg, 
<xlr)&i$ uvcuia ovfiTtfyaafia' xal inltk yovdovg ov- 
ot)$ Tr$ A Bt, Tife di B roltyt ctlrftovg - xal trjg fiiy ' 
A B aiiftotiSj ti}£ di 4r ftign ytvdovg, xal explore* 
gup Qvawv. ywdwv. 19- Ovdir fag xioXvu, to A tot 
piv B fiTidtvi vTtatfftt, 4$ di r nr? t xal to B twl 
tw V oiofvfitto* o^dtfuix x*6n, Xevxio di tm vnao*- 
X*h*<** *i Xfv* l*v*$ «»*•. £l ©vr pfoo* tidily % 
Xiiavy ngmtox di to £wo* ' *a* A^fo/17, to /lev ^ oiw 
Tto J3 inaqxtw, to to .R to^tm I> ij /ii* ^4 JB 0A4 
V*«u<Kfc* 9} di B riilti&nS) xal to ovftnigaafia cUij- 
•&ig. 20. ,'Ofioibiie di xal, oUQyuxrjt otiorjg ttjg A B 
noptdatW iyx&Qe% ydo, to At& flip B oXto vnag- 
X*iv, t§ di I'twl ju^f V7uxqxw>*o ftfrtoi B Tinvndp- 
tuv tcj5 F* olov,, to £oW ay^^xniTTft) pi* Trair} iffa?- 
Xu y XivxC) yi Tivkovx IWrat* o Ac av&Qumog tip* Xtv- 
*<£ vnaqxu. "Jlate, tl, ftioov tt&iyto$ rot/ ayifyrf- 
no v, Xrj(pdti7j y to A pydtvltm B vnuqx*iv 9 to di JB 
TiylTiJ r vtiulqxuv nXn&it fata* to ovftniQaOfia, 
xptvdovg ovar\$ oXyq. tifc A B. nootdotwQ. 21. Xer^ 
«2 6r/ T* ^cvd^ff y ABnootttaig, t%$ B V alri&ove 
ofays; Soto* to ovfinioaofia aXyd-ig.* ov&iv yaq x<»- 
Ave^ to JL Kfit* tw JB xcf* t^J .TtwI vndgxny , xal to 
B t$ f tivl vnaqx* 1 * * * oy * to Ww* w^ xaAw, xo« 
TtFt ftfydXop, xal to. xaXor titt fiiydXy vnaQX* 1 ** 
*Euv ovp Xrjcp&fj, to A navtl t$ JB, *«i 10 B xwl toi 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



06 AR1STOTEL1S 

tov Aya&ovjtaitotipji aya&oviotr)<paaw M xal an6- 
(paotg ovx vnifxovotv at ivuxilptvai Spa Tiy avtw. 
"jloniQ'OV* oi tainov tort, to py iniatad&mtb aya- 
&bp, xal liiUrtaadai to pi) &ya&6v ovdi, ilvai pr\ 
aya&ov, xal pr) thai qya&or, vavtop. Tup yao 
waXbyw tar daztqu $ itega,ual ^ittqa. 3. Oi- 
di to thai pit laop, xal to py jlrcu loop* t$ piv.yao 
vjzoxuiai u t« oyti pt) Vow, xal tovt totirbavioov 
»# Si ovdjy. Aibnnq Jaop,pip^apioopoinap\ywiq- 
#«]• loop Ot, ij oix loo* nor. -4. "J2u, vb toup.ov 
Xtvxov ivlov, xal to ovx ton Xsvxop SvXov, ovx *P a 
v 7i«^f t. El yao ioti IvXop oi Xtvxop, Sara* kvXov * 
to di pt} op Xtvxbp tvXopovm avqyxr} tlpaiUvXop. 5. 
"Jlots jtpaptobp, Sti ovx tort *ov taxip vya&brtb tori* 
ovx aya&ov anoyaoig. J% ovp xaia navTog h>6g 
i r\ (pcKjig, rj &7i6q>aoi? alii&yg * d pq iottp &noq>a- 
otg, dyXov, ig xatiyaoig Sp vtng «fy. KctrcKpaotwg 
b*s ndoyjg anofctolg tarrxal tavtygaoa to ovxiottp 
ovx aya$6v* f>. u £x st &* vi&p typd* nobg aXXyXa. 
Eova Topiy thai iya&by, if ov A' to di pij slvat 
dya&bp, i(p ov to B'^tb dt'Spaijuj ayja&bp, 4<p ov 
F, vnb to B' to dkpri sivai pij aya&bp, 1<p ov dj 
vno to A. Haptl 6*jj -wraoSw ? to A, if to B , xal 
ovdipl t§> aviy* xal rj to r, rj to A, xal ovtitrl t<5 
«vt#. Kulq) to I\ ipdyxij, to B navri inagxtw- 
El yio ctXti&ig tlntip , ottiativ oi Xtvxov xal, ©t* 
ovx tau Xtvxbp, aXy&ig. *Advpatopyao,£patlpai Xev- 
xop, xal thai prj Xtvxov *), Jycu IvXop oi Xepx6p,xal eZ- 
vai tvXov Xtvxov, "Slot, tl py r\ xataipaoig, ij ani- 
yawg vn&qlti* T$ te B to r ovx ati. "O yig 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB, L CAP. XL. 87 

oXtag pi IvXop iaih, ovdi tvlor Motai ov Xtvnor. 
*AvanaXiv tolvw, $10 A, xal to A napii. ~H fig 
to r, rj to A. 3 En*l d 3 ov* olop n apatlraipi)Xtv- 
xop, xal ilvcu Uv*bp, to A vnag$H. Kara fig tov ©V- 
io g Xevxov aXrj&ig tlnup, on ov*iarip ov itevxoV xatd 
Hi tov A ov nanogtoA 9 xati fig tov Shag ^ortog 
HXov ov* aXrf&ig to A dnuv, ig urn SvXop Xtvxw % 
"Start to A aXrftig- to A ovxaXri&is, on IvXop Xwxop, 
AyXop d\ oti xal to A r ovoW to) miry vnagz*t, 
el xal to B nal to A ipdfyttal turt tw avry vnag- 
|«t. 7.'Ofio/f»? $' Jfrovaw al ottgyatig ngbg tag 
natfifogiag tavtfi tJ &4mt, pBorw fig] loop > <V 
ov to A' ov* low, iq> ov to B • Srioov, ia? ov to Z* 
ov* aviaov, 1a> ov to J. 8. Kal inl noXXwds , iv 
toigjup vnagx*h *otg 9i o$z vnagx^i to avtb, y pip 
>in6qwatg bpoiag aXti&evon Sp, ou ov* Jati Xtvxa 
s 7tavta,ij, on ovu law Xtvxbr txaarop* on di 4<rttv 
ov Aevxoy txaotop, i),5t$narta iotlp ovXtvxi, y/iv- 
Sog. 'Opofag di xal tov IVti nap (fiop favxov ov 
to tatty ov Xbvxop Snap (£or anoyaotg • auq>» fig 
ysvdug* aXXi to ov* cot* nap &5o* Xtvxip* Q*£ml 
de dr}Xop, otihtgop aquaim to iotlp ov Xbvxop, xal 
to ovx urti Xtvxor • xal to ftiv xatafpaaig, to d$ ano~ 
q>aoig * fpap%gov, ig ovx ° *vt 6$ tooko? top dtixvv* 
pcu kxattgop. Otop on, 3 £p y jfiop, ovx ton lev- 
xov, % ipddxitai py thai Xbvxop ' xal ort aXrj&ig ti- 
nny fiy Itvxap • tovto fag iottp tlpat /*i) Xtvxov. 
*AXXi tov pir aXtf&ig elnfip, tori Uvxop, fire pr) Xtv- 
xbtp, o avtog tgonog 9 xaiaoxtvatrnxwg fig r auq>& 8i& 
tov ngoitovdtixpvtatox^uatog* to fig iXfjdks t% 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



88 ,. ARISTOTELI& 

mtip opoimgtattitai • rev yag alrjdig tnt&p Xrunop, 
ov to aXy&ig slnnv prj Xevxbp ano<paaig, aXXa to pq 
aXy&ig uatup Xivxqp. , El & tarty aXij&ig untiv , o 
up y ap&gwtog, poveixbp thai, f\ py uovoixop *Ipaiz 
o ap jj £<Zor, Xipttiop, 1} thai povoixop, jjpti povoe- 
, xov thai • xal didttxtau To di pn thai povaixop, 
. o av % Sp&gmnog, avaaxtvaertxfog dttxpvtai *ata 
. vovg ugtjpipovg tgtlg tgonovg. 1 0* 'AnXwg di, Stop 
, ovitog fyy zo A xal to B, mate Spa pip ta avt» pq 
*y disced ai, itap*ldii$ ipayxyg &at$gop • xalnaXiP 
to r xal to A&oavtw tntitai di t(p r to A,' xal 
p% dptiotg&pji • xal tj» JB to A axoXov&yau, xal ovx 
vptiotgiipef xal to pip A xal to A Mix na * *$ a y~ 
■■ tgvto di B xal to r ovx 4pdix*tai. ITgwtop phr ovp, 
on tw B intra* to J, ip&ipdt (paytoov. "JEfnl yag 
Inapt*} t&* TA &attgop If apayxijg w di to B,pvx 
ivdix&ai to T, dia to ovpsnupigup to A, to di A xal 
B pn ivddx*o&ai tw ovtm • (papsgop, oti to A axo- 
Xov&tpui, Uctltv, insl tm A to T ovx apriatgkpet, 
naptldi rj to JT, t} to A, ipdixttai to A xal to A tw 
avtw imaqxw ' to di y» B xal to T ovx hdixetak 
dice to avvaxoXov&sip tjw JP to A • ovp (taint yag t» 
adupatop. &apegop ovp, on ovdi to B tM A itpti- 
otgi<psi • ineintg ty?woe7 apa Tip A xal to A vnagxeiP. 
11. JSup/Jaipst di ipiottxal h tjJ toiavtij ta$H twp 
ogwt anatao&ai dia to pr\ ta amxriptra XappapttP 
og&ug, $p apayxt\ navtl Jtattgop ^ndgxetp* Oiop, 
tl to A xal to B ptj ipdix&tai apa t£ avt&, apayxrj 
di, vnaoxttp, £ py &dttgop, dattgop * xal nuXip to 
r xal to dwavtwg • ^ 5c to JT, nartl Intxai to A* 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB II. CAP. I. 80 

frvfifiriotTat [/o0]> <pToJ, to B vnaoxu* 4$u*uyx7ig 9 
onto iarlwtivdog. Ellij(p&(o yao \ anoyaaig tuvA 
J3, ij Igp* «> Z* xal naXiv i£>v Td, y iq>* &* 0. *Avay- 
tcrj drj, navtl V to A, % to Z* y yaq rrjr (pdatv, y tijv 
V7io<pctoiv. Kal naXiv, fj to JH, r t to • qxxaig yao 
xal anowaoig. Kal, w to r, nuvtl to A vnoxtnat,, 
m Jlot8, y to Z,nart\to 0. UaXiv , insi twp Z B 
navti S-angop * xal t»v A aaavrwg • ixoXov&tl 
dit§ Zto 0* xal Tip J axolov&ijan to B' tovto 
yaq Xo^tv. J5l aqa t§ Tto. Ay xgttxm J to B. Tov- 
to di ytvdog. *AranaXtv yaq fy to tel^ovnag txov- 
air y axoXov&iioie. 12. Ov yao toag arayxij, nav- 
ti to A, ^ to Z, ov9t) to Z ,1% to B * ov yaq iOTIV 
anoyaoig tov A to Z* tov yao aya&ov to ovx aya- 
&br anoopaoig • ov tovto di icrtt to ovx Motiy aya&oy 
tw, of/re aya&oy, ovte ovx aya&ov. 'Opofag de xal 
inl r«y JT J* At yao anoyaoug at tiXypfieyai dvo 



LIBER U. 

CAPUT L 

Ev noootg fib ovv oxtifiaot, xai &ia nolw, xal no- 
wr nqotaatar, xal note, xal nug yivttat ovXXoyt- 
opog • m 3e, tig noia pXeniiov avaoxtva£ovti xalxa- 
xaoxtva£ovti, xal ntog dtl Zt]xuv nsql tov nqoxnpivov 
xa&* cnouxvovr fii&odov • %ti difxai], 8ta nolag 66* ov 
Xi}y<m*&ct tag ntql txaoxov aq%ag, V^V duXtiXv&a- 
p9r. 2* '£n$l di ol p& xadoXov twp ovlXoytOfimV 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



00 AR1STOTEL1S 

tlaip, 61 dl Mpioovg* ol piv xct&oXov ndvrtg at\ 
nXiia avXXoyKorrai* iwv di cy piga ol fUyxatfjyooi- 
xo* nXfiw ol 6' anoyauxol to ovfiniovofta povov. 
Al H& ycto aXXai nooTaang avxioToiyovoiy • *j di if 
fiioti orcoqTtxig ovx ivttatoitfBf to de ovunioaofia 
t* x«t« Twog ioxa>. "jlatf ol piv ttXXoi ovXXoyiopol 
nXtio) ovXXoyltovTat. Olov, cl to A didttxTa* narii 
ib) B t if %ivi % xat to B tivl tgj A avayxaior indq- 
Ztiv * xal tl prfisvl toi B to -4, ovdi to 2? ovdcyi tm 
A. TovTodi txtqov tov tpnooodtv* El di to ^ 
«y$ i/q vthxqxsi T<p B, ovx dvdyxrj, x«» to 2J t*/* t« 
«4 fi^ vndg%w iyddx^ron ,yao nartl vn&iffuir* Av- 
%i\ piy ovv voivt} ndvnov ahia, twv re xa#6iov , xai 
Twy xaia piqog. 3. *IBot* tic tiio! Twy xadoilov xo» 
aAAcof ctncty. "Oaa yao ij vno jbuiaor, % vno to 
ovpnigaopd (otiv, indnwy taxon o avTog ovXXoyi- 
opog • day to /icy c*y tw pioy t« oc cV T$ ovfintoa- 
afiart ti&ij. 4. Oior, si to A B avpnigaapa diet 
tov r' ooa vno to B, y to F iarlv , dvdyxi\ t xawi 
ndvroiy iiyso&ui to A' d yaq to A iv oXa to) B, to 
fle JB cV oA<p t$ «4 • xa* to z/ corai cV oio^ to) .4. 27a- 
lUy, cl to JS iv oXca toj r, to da Tip toj u4* xai to £ 
cV oAw tw ^ eorori* 5* € Ofi6lmg di xal, ti orfp^Ttxoff 
cfg o avXXoywpig. 6. *2fr* ^« tov ^cvtcodv axr^a- 
Tog to vno to ovftnigao^ta povov IVrat oviliU)y*o<i- 
o^-ai. Oloy, si to At§ B fcij5*yi, tw ^c X* navii' 
ovpiifyaoiAot, tm ov^tW xw P to J5. £l ^ij to zi V7io 
to rioxl, yavtovvt ou ovx vm*QZ** o:vt$ to B. Toig 
di vno to A ou ovx vn&QXti, ov dr\Xx>v dia tov ovX- 
Xoytopov. JKaixoi oix vndqxtc tw E, u tarty vno 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB. n. CAP. II. 91 
To A, 'Alia to pip r§ r ptflwl vnaofiv to B, &a 
tov ovJUoj'iopov didstxtai. To tie ?$ A pr t vthxq- 
Z*w> apanodtixtop ilXr}7txai* wots ov dm top avXXo- 
yiapbp avpfidlpu, to B tm M pq vnaqxvp. 7. 'JBnk 
di tm * iv,p£QU t up pip l no to ovpntyaapa oix $otae 
to avctyxcuov* ov yao yivtrai ovXXoyiopbg, Ztap «v- 
trj Xt)(p&r} dp piaer t&p di inb to piaop tatai nap- 
tap , nlrjv ov diet top ovXXoyiopor* Olor, ti to A 
Ttaptl t« By to di B wl tip T* tov flip yag vnbtb 
r te&ivtog ovx €Ota*avXXqyiapog • tov di ino to B 
e<JTar aXX* ov dm top 7iQoyey$v?iperop[avXXoyiap6r~\. 
S.'Opolmg di xalinl wp aXXcap axitpatup • tov pip 
yuQ \>nb to avpntyaQpa ovx It/tat* &at*QOV$e tat air 
nXr^p ov dm top avXXoyiopbp, g xal fr tolg xa&oXov 
{£ oipanodeixtov ify neotaowg ta v*6 to piaov &U- 
xpvto' (Saw ? ovdi ixu fora*, ^ xa} jhtl tovtwp.* 
CAPUT 11 
"jBort pip ovp ovttog *xm> W aXydeig ejpm tag 
ngotaasig, di up o vvlXoywrpog • tail d\ Sate y«v- 
dug • ear* o°, wot« tyv.pir aXrftfi, tip dp yttvtf • to 
oe avpniauapa q aA^&e?,. jj ytvdog £ avayxyg. 2. 
8 £| aA^wv /liy ©i? ovx ear* ytevdog avXXoyioao&at • 
ix yev&wv d( lot ip alq&ig , nXr\p ov.diou, aX£ oti • 
tov yao &OT4 ovx law Ix 9*«v$<5y avlXoyiapog * 5*-' 
ijy fle atiiav, ip totg inopdpotg Xtx&rjattat. 3. /7o«D- 
Toy /iey ovy, '2u 4£ aXiftmp viz olop w ytvdog ovXXo- 
yiaaa&ai, iptsv&ep dyXop. XX yao, tovAoptog, apoU 
yxii,tb B tlvac tov B py optog, ipdyxtf, to A pi iV-. 
pm. El ovp aXrftig iott to A , civdyxij , xal tb B 
oiXy&ig $ivui* n avpfiqanatp tb avxb apa tlpal t$ xal 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



02 AHISTOTELIS 

o vn thai •• Tofre 6** advvatoy* My oil ds xutai to A 

rfff Zoos, vnolTj<p&^t(o t Mixw&txi, to$ hog ttrog oV 

tog, i§ avayxi\g n ov/iftaivw bi yag olov t«. To\ 

vsv yag ovfifiaiyov 4£ apayxyg to avpnigaofMet ion ■ 

0*' «* di toi/to ylretai iXaxl'ottap,rgtig ogoi, dvo Si 

diaat^ftttta [xal ngoruoetg]. Ei ovv aXrj&sg, mioB 

vnaqx^h [***] *o A navel* 9 da to JF, to B* J toT, 

aruyyjj, to .4 vnugxeiv • *er* ov* ofo* t* tovto y«>- 

floj drm* apa yag vndg&t taito, xal ovx vnag&t. 

To ovv A-fiamtf »r *etTai > duo ngoTccvng avlXri- 

qp&uoou. € Ofiottog di xal inl t&v ougi\tix^y M X n • ou 

f<yp Am* $ aA^a* &e?£cm y^Mo?. 4. 'JEfr ynrfw 

& fori? dkif&ig dvXXoyioao&at, xal ot^cpotigoiv ic3» 

ngoTuotwp xpsvdtov ovew, xal tjJ$ ptag* tavtijg di 

oix&notigug hvx&, aXXa tiqg fovxigagjdvnsg oXyv 

la^fimprnfiw yn/Af* pq-fow di la^avofihrig , taxiv 

OTiojfguaovr. 5. "favw^a^ to A oXy tip r vnag- 

Xov> t& ds B fujdsvi, pidi 10 B rt$ JT. 'ivdsjerai di 

tovto -oiov, l&y ovdttl {£>ov> ovde Xi&og ovfovl 

fodgmxa. 3 £av oh Ai?<p#jJ, to A navit tw B , xal 

to B nartl tj JT- to A navtl r<§ TvndgUi, An it 

of£<fnnv tfisydmr iXy&eg ?i ovuTTBgctofia - nag yog «V- 

&gw7to$ ?<3©y. 6. *Slvavi*ig 6e xal to (ntgrjrtxov. 

"Eoto yag t$ rtfis to A vndg X uv [itjdeyl, ^ T « to 

B- to pwtoiA xw B na*%L Olov, idv, tup avtwv 

ogav kw&frimv, piao* t*&j} 6 av&guirog • Xl&y yag 

OVT8 &ov, ovtb av&g&jtog ov&sv}; vnagxn, av&gmny 

dknanlt&Qv. ff j2«i, iav t « ph ijtagxn nayrl, 

la(h>p** t M&nvl vnagxnv $ ft rf ^"%«, ^ayii 

vndgxew • ^x y/^<5« y ^oty «A^^ ff I'orano ov^i- 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL1T* PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. n. 99 

dye k*«riea iqip&fa *• 3 £«* d \n bj*« **H vw- 

A 8, Ovx wm to ovpadowty* aXridte* *$$ 3e B T, 
Icral. Afym 94 Stop fvdy tip to*** <«* ' *<&<* > «* 

t>7r«#r*w. 9. *Jfin* W to^ t£ JB p^i* W^rov, 
to 6« JB Tig r row/. '^«» *f *** P* v * r **&***» 




si to A Teg JB w«yri v^a^ro«> '•*«* ** JS T%i JT [nwtQ • 
jL^9$*fy U ^ fay B T alq&ije *oit<*wg 'A 9* A M 

o/ta ftv&is *orr«w * nmvtl yaQ una{fiu t$ JC *o A • €?-. 
nMQ, $ ti B,lt(kr*l to A,*b ds 2* m*** ****• i 1, &** 
not* av*,5u, ffc f*o*iri€ ''-St** l<y$*vol*4*i&y*+l> 
9ov$,&> **<xai<xq>om»ie-, <*v ** fiNfffWtf » *** *'■ 
Mtmt.&ntofr, •« ***** '&*$fc *o <np*4ft«0|M. 
12. M%M*$ totepjlwop&ni j^ovs ,-Xojau & 
ya$tOx&%% H** r'u*n% toiw&t *# &* Jftw), «#> 

r £**$£* Un&»s* ww **ww #oy. 13. 0j*p/~ 
«? m *«i fi^T^ ww *rj| to ^ ^- tfjgwta w ' ™ 
^ t? .fOf ^ wivni&i*, %$ 3i rpndni' ™ **:»> 
nmfti t^ r^oloy, Toiftoy .ml ph lm$, X*o**-U 
oittyti? iwvMw*P9**6n< slow Hff#*in,.** 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



94 ARIST0TEL1S 

pi* A firjdtvl »» B,tb di S. navtl tw T • to A oiforl 
t« r raapfcf. 14. *£ai» W ij pe*-4 JB nooramg Sly 
Xflty&ji £Xfi&vi$^y di B J* 0*1?. v«v^C Iota* ovi- 

io/IO/ttO? «AlJ#f}£- Ovfls* £«g Xftwlt/«, TO ^ Mai T» £ 

*a* Tig I* Jtatf} vnaqxuv, to /jtarot JB pqoVri t£ Jf 
ofcw, So* aviov yboto$. %Xb\ pq v*T aJUqila * to yap 
&ov xuitnnq nal &v&Qarft($ blHXQXW tiuto^ di ov* 
£«>£ oWpwr$.. 9 £av pi? ow Ai}9#if, to ^ TTtxytlra 
B, *ul to B narrl t$ Z** <Ui?&$ ifertcrt to ovjwreoa- 
apa, yrv&ovs ovot)9 $1*1$ *5s s r itQOtaowg. 15. 
'Opofag di xctl, oTtQiinxr}£ ovoqg t% A B ngordas- 
a*g. 'E*d$zsTon y$q^ to A /fljTi t<J' B, /Uijt« tw JT/»^- 
flwl vnaQfttv, fit}di tk B p4jdt?i T<g T^ otov, xoXg £ 
Sttot; ^<Vov$ eifcai. To freoo? yivoq* to ^d$ £wo* ov- 
Ttpowtxjjf, oflti fctowu ttoagfftt , odd' i& ftovotxtj 
t&tyiXTi. Ar}(f>&4m>G *W *o# pfr ^ p^divl t$ B, 
tov di .& navtl t<3 JT, £JU$& $o?** TO. aifpnigetapa. 
.i6. Keel, tl wokr) ytvdrizJi B r, ill 9 inttt, xai 
olfTtt^ totekta ovpinfyctatiaakif&isi Vvdivyiq xw- 
tftft, to .4'xtf* f$ J5, *ai t» ri'A# iirtyxsiK'TOftir- 
TOiBnvlito r* olo*,.to £4ro? t$ ti'dtt; xairfj; dia- 
o>oo?». To yig £&9* ntnftt artfyifcty} *ttl Ttttrtl nt- 
5»* o ft ay£&OTO£tfrt *«£•$) xa?<ri A tta»f£ JS ot/y 
to A noLint *<tf B; ttfito B> #«#W t§ JT; Ityp&flt] • 
to ^ rom* t« r wrtxf fit* o*#p 4y*- airfiig. 17. 
'Opoltoz di x*l; ottyirrfx^g. o{fdi?£ tJJ* jf JR. ftgaraof- 
W* ^Erdizncu yaQy to A'fifrt t& B; ftqnty rprj- 
oWl w«w»ix*-to /«irTOi. B. t^'t^ I7* ; ofor , ,T0 7^0? 
Tip ^| «AAov yitovz crdii> Ktfi StacpOQft' tA yao- ££oy 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. II. % 

& fpQOvipntjtivl &$UQfi tl *$ •• & •»" ln<$&tin> fifth 
A iinjkvl t% B, to 64 .R 7rarrl t£ X*' ov£a£ T©i TtiS 
A imatftf tovto di tj? dXrj&ig^ iS^Mnl di twy /y 
pdosi ovXXoyiopwp irdixstak xal, tys Homing kooti** 
omg Slip ytvdovi 6wJri$, tqg d* ktfyag aXv^ovg, 
ulrj&Bg elvcuia ovfiitiQaopa* xal inttt iptvdovg ot/- 
o*)S *n$ A B,, Tifc. di S rokip aXrj&ovg - xal vi\q uir 
A B aXtftolg, tfo di 4r pfyn yntdovg,, xal a/i<j?0T8- 
ow* Qvotor ytvdwp. 19- Ovdh ymq xuXvsi, to A tot 
fiiv B pndtyi vniqXnt % . i$. di J* wl,. xal to B xw\ 
tw V* olop, (&o* ovdipLii zt&ri, Xtvnca di w* vwfto- 
*«,*«* V Z*v» Xw*$i ttvt^ EL ovv aioov tt&tlti tj 
XiwVy noatox di to £a>o* * xal Xfiy&elr), to per A oXy 
tw B vnaqxtw, to di B. nyjtw !*• £ fii* -4 JB oAif 
^vflrjs* h di B r alri&ns, xal to avfati^aafia <Ui]- 
dig.. 20. ' Op oth)g di xal, oUQyrtxrjg allot); trig A & 
noordatw iyzwQu yao,.to At(5 uiv B. oXm vndo- 
%Hv y . t$ di r tivl fifj vitd'oxsiv, T ° [i&toi B tun vn&q- 
X*iv t<5 V* ©toy,, to £6W ttv&Qolnm fih navtl vkdo- 
%tt, XtvxC) ye nvkovx Jnrtcu' 6 di Sv&QumogtivlXw- 
x£ vnagxti* v Jlote, tl, fiioov tt&iyio$ tov aWtyoi- 
nov, Xf}<p^Ht] f tb A pvfitvlxia B bitdqxstv i to di B 
tnilty r vnagxtiv aXq&ig. tatai to ovftniga6fia t 
iptvdovg ovoyg oXyg. %n$ A B ngozdamq, 21. Kai, 
*i htltt ytvdriQ y A B.fiootuaig, xty B T H^ovg 
oiarjg, eaten to ovftTtigaufta ctXq&tg' oidiv yito Xft>- 
Xvet, to A xaltm B xatttp X* twl vttagx*w ., xal to 
B t<3 r tivl imioxit* * olor, to (aiov tivl. xaXw, xal 
tivi fttydXcp, xal to. xaXor iifl (isydlw vnd(tx^ v * 
*Mav o w Xr}(p&f}, to A navtl t$ B, xal to B tivl t$ 



06 ARISTOTELIS 

T* y ph A B aooragig tni % * ytvAfc farm * i| ft J 

r aln&r\g * xal to avpniqaapa aky$b£. 22/O/toi- 

•>$ As x<u, (rtiQqwitf oSoqg tyg A B nfotioimg, Ol 

jrotQ avtol 6001 Soovtai , xal woavtug xelp&oi noog 

iT}t> imodtt&iv. 23. JIaXiv, u y p& A B aXij&^g* 

q di B V y/svdijg • aXy&ig eotcu to ovpnioaofia. Ov* 

fliy /ao xwAim, to j4 t/£ fiiv.B oXta vn&Qxuv , xa> ft 

J* tiW, xa* to B t$ rpndwl vnaqz* 1 * " oIoiS &»<» 

xi/xpq) ^cy Tray?*, fieXayt 08 T*y*, xvxyo? #e ov&W fts- I 

Zay*. "tooV, el Xt)<j>&eIt}, nwti %% B to A, xal ti 

B r$ rtirl' aXydig tojai to ovpnioaapa , yivdovg 

oyxoff tov £ JT. 24« 'Opoiag di xal, oxtonxix^gXa^ 

Puvopirnq jqg A B nqoiaotmg. 3 Eyx<*Qtl yaq, to A 

%$ piv B [iqdevi, i§ di T tivl py vnaoxuv , %6 pit- 

to* B fiijdevl t$ JT* o!oj>, to yivog-ttoJl aXXovyivovg 

£d it, xal tw ovn(hpr)XQTk totg kavtov tldeai * to yao 

Swov <xgi.&poj jib ovdsvl vnaqxti, Xtvxw di wr*, o di 

OQi&pog ovdsvl Uvx$. *Eav oyvjidoov. rsd-p 6 uqi- 

&fiog ,^ xal Xtiq>&jj, to piv A ptidsvl t$ B ,' to ds B 

tivl t$ r* to A tivl t(p r oi# VJtao^t, onto ^p aXq- 

dig • xal q psv d B nootaoig a^ri&yg • y diB ry/sv- 

d%g. 25. Kat, ti iitivi yjsvdrjg q A B; ytvdijg jti 

*al n BT- htat to ovpnsgaapa ah}34g. Ovdsv 

fag xaXvsi, to A t$ B tivl vol t$ r tivl vnaoxnt 

bcctTiQ(ti,to dsB pydtvl t$ r- oloy, si e^ ivmvriov 

to B t$ r, aficpco di ovpflsftTjxita t$ ovt$ yb*r 

to yao i&ov tivl Xsvxw xal tmpiXan vnaqx^h ^w- 

xbv di ovdsvl fiiXavi. *£a? ovv Xny&p, to A nartl 

t^ JB, xal to B tivl t$ JT, dXy&ig latai to ovpni- 

Qaop*. 26» Ka\ otsQtjtixijg di Xofifiapopipfjg tr t g 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB, IL CAP. UL 0? 

A B, naavtwg. Of yero attrro* S^ot w&wuv- 
rag JS&yoovTai ngog tfjr uno8u$w. 27* ifai £/*• 
(poTtpwv di yev8&y ovattv , Sorer* %i evp**P»*(ia 
iXij^ig* 1yXMQ& 7*Q> *b -^ T< 5 ^ Bfif}Ssvi,x^ 
&e r tiv\ vti*qx h *> to ftirto* B fifjlkvi «$ f • oJor, 
to yivog iw i| crJUoi/ yerot/f «f£w, *«J t$ avpflafiipio* 
« rot? etoW* tov avTov. JBwof y*o aft4/c$i pi? 00* 
foyj, JUwcp dinvi vnaQxu, xalv ajH&jibg tiidtrlUv-* 
xw. 'EoV ©3* Xqy&jj, to -4 TrorVT* tw B, *«2 *m i*«- 
w T^jJ T' to n&> avpnigaapa aXy&sg, eti&i nforeoiitf 
apqn» ytBvdug. 28. 'O/uotW Si xal? m*Qt\[$Mi# ov- 
oij£ jyg AB. Ovdev yct$ xtoXvu, to j^to pfrBvnaf 
%£iv, i$ di r T*y) p^ vnaqzuvy prflk to B /Kqdtri 
tw JT* oIof, £&ov*v%vm[a& navrl, pilar* tiitmn oix 
rmaqx^ ' *v*vo$ fl« o £&**»£ piXom. "jlof, dXqy&tiib 

TO ^t flfjdsvl TW 2?, TO 6*« £ W* TW JT* TO ^ T*?tt Tfl 

F ov^ vxdf&si. To fiiv ovy QvpJtiQtKtpct &X*i&k> 
al di nqotdaug yevSitg. . 

CAPUT III. 
t&> $ t$ jUfio^ ax^fiari navitog iyx«*Q£>&*"V*v* 
6&val'H&£$ evXXoyiaaodaiy xal opqunfywr tiftfoo- 
tdoswv oX<*v ipcyd&v Xafipavofiwiov' xai iitl « .3*0* 
Tepog * .*a* *{? jut? al^oi^, tj}$ fll ytvdovf duty 
&l$£> owoxiQ*QQVv ysvdovg Ti&sp&Tig' x«l, et ap- 
9>ox«f«* £r/ uytvduQ' xal, *!-§ /icy aiiai? jftq^w, 
^eiri ?* ifjcvtiyg' xal, & i\ piv oXf) yevdrfg, f\ d& 
inl TiiXrt&qg* ya* inl xiv xa&oJ&v, xal &tl *&r 4w 
fUqu ovXXoyeafuJy. 2. JS2 /ao to ^4 tw pir & pf~ 
fal VTtagx^f *$ *« r nartl* oloy #k>r ili^^ f*^ ^ 
^wt, Xnnta di narri • ^ay iyctviiwg tB&wmr id «|po*» 
AusT.AifAr^ 6 

Digitized by GoOgle 



98 ARISTOTELIS 

roosts* wml Xqif&fj, to A t$ ftm B nartl, t« dk T 
prjfavly ix ytvdw otox wv wootoWwx aXy&sg taxai 
to ovfindgaafia. 3. 'Opohng di xal, u tw /tex 2? nay. ^ 
t», tw & r pydtvl vn&QZ** *o A* o yap avtbg eatai 
ovkkoyiafiixg. 4. JJalw, el r t (dp ere'oa Sky y/ei/dg^ 
f\ b*h ktioa okq akti&rtf * oudex y&o xakvei, toAxcu 
tg> B xal t£ .Taax?* v?rap£eix> %0 /*«x*©» B jiijd&l 
Tft> r» olev, to yexo$ toa$ pq Sir aiUi?Aa effect. To 
yap £<5ax xxi ??raq> k«xt*, xa* ax£pa>?r$ • xal ovdtU 
Sv&ganog ftrftO$» 'fiix ovx Zi?<j>\Hj, to Jiwox t$ per 
navxl, t$ di fii}devl vnaqxw tj per Sly tpsvdrjg 
caret i* £ & oZ^ oUqd-qs * xat to avfiniQaa^ia alrj&i? 
fioof oTTOTeo^ot/y rs&irrog xov oreoquxov. 5. Zfai, 
u ^ ereoa £1/ t* "yet/dig? * *j tfe Srepa 0X17 cUq^i]?. 
*£yzmqu yig, to ^ t$ /iex JB Ttx* vnagx^r , tot 6i r 
ifttvtl, to iiivxoi B prfiwl tw Jf* olox, £»ox AewuS 
/**V twi, xpoax* oc ffaxTi, xa* to Aei/xor order* xooor- 
x«. *£«x ovx krj<p&jj, to -4 t$ /*ex J? {tqdext, tw 6* 
r'oi^VTrao^ety* ^ fiex.4 JB ngotacng int n fsvdt^g ' 
yitAr oky aA^r^ * xa* to ovpniQaopct uXfi&ig. 
6* Kal fittati&s^irov tie tov ottgr^iiMOV caoarvTcag * 
&« /ao Tttxavrax 00(0x1; a7rofo<&£. 7. Xa«, el jj 
XffTa«jD«Ttxt; ngotaoig inl ti ytsvdtjg * rj de atsgfjrtxfi 
all) airing. Ovdh yaq xtokvei, to A tw pex .B tm>* 
\inuqxsiv, tw ^e JP oAa) ft 17 vnaqx***, x«J to JB ftq&x* 
T$ ,T' otox, to fwox Aei/X(J> /ieV tixi, »/tt^ ^e oydtpup, 
*P».To itevxox ovdepta nlvtx^ "jlatt^iay' kii<p&ri, to 
A Sky t^ JB VTtaQX Uv > T $ & JTfiridwi' % (iiv A Bint 
t* ^6^5^' -§ de 4 JT 0*17 aX^^ • ka* to ovpneQaopa 
*kttfH&. St Xat, et aficpotegat at ngotdostg inl ta 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



AN ALTT. PRIOR. LIB. H. CAP. lit 00 

tfwdiig, lata* to ovpnigaapa aXrj&ig. 'Eyx*)Q*i fig, 
to A xal ttt I*, xal tw JT TiyJ vnaqzw, to 6k B prj- 
tisv} tw J 1 ' oloy, fwor xai A«vx£ tivi, xal piXavl ttrr 
to 9k Xbvxop ovdevl pilan. 3 Euv ovv fajq>&Tj , to A. 
ta pip Bnavil, t$ 9k r p^9epl' apqxo ph at ngo- 
tceoet? inC tt yjsv9&g • to 9i ovpnigaapa aXti&ig, 9. 
'Opofag de xal, pttati&ttattg trjg ottgrjttxri?, diet t&v 
avrwv ogcov. 10. Cfavigbr 9i xal ^ruy 4? jie'oe* 
ovXXoyiopwv oidep ydg xtohvu, to A rq> pip Bnap- 
t*,tw as JT tiv* vnao^eu'jXa} to i? t$ Vtivl ptj VTtdo- 
XWjolov, (&op navtl pip av&gconw, Xevxw 9i tty$, 
,avpganog 94 tipt Xtvxw ovx vnagxu, *Eap ovp t«- 
djj, to A t$ pip B findwl vnotQXiw , r% 9i T tix# 
"VTiaoxw fjpivxa&oXov ngmaoig oXr^tptvd^g* yd* iv 
fidget aXfj&yg • xal to ovpnigaapa aXri&ig. 1 i . 'Jlo- , 
avttag 9i xctlj xataqtanxfjg'Xapjfapopiprig tqgA B* fy- 
Xoogu yag, to A iw pip B pydwl, iw 9i rttvl py wrap- 
X*v* * *«* to JBt£ JTroifiJ} vnagxw olop , to £i»ojr 
ovdevl oupvxto , >trt/xw 08Tm[oi/£ wr«0£"J> xal to 
aifwxov w* Xevxw ovx vndgxn. '%** <w T *^iJ > T ® 
A ttpjib B navtl, tco di J* rtvl pr\ vnagxw q 
pep A B ngotaotg y xa&oXov oXrj y/evd^ff ' y tie AT 
aXt}$T}<?, xal to ovpnigaapa dXrj&ig^ 12, Kal, tijg 
pip xadoXov aXfi&ov? tt&tfofig* tr\g 9iip pigu y*v- 
8ovg. Ovdh ydg xaXvu, to A prjti tcp B, pv\t% tf 
r ovdivl snto&at, to phtot Bturl tw Tpi} vnagxvnr 
olor, JaJoy ovdtvi agt&nto, oide afvxqt, xal oage- 
&pog xivi &yri>x<2 °®X fantu. *£av ovr te&p, to A 
tw ph B pr\tisrl> t% 9k T twi' to pfr avpnigaopa 
soiat aXri&ig - xal ^ xa&oXev ng6tao*g aXn&fc ' n 

02 

Digitized by GoOgle 



100 ARIS TOTEMS 

d 9 h> fdqu ytivdtjg. 13. Kal xara^axtx^g di ifa 
xa&oiov ji&epdyyg waving. 'Eyz&Qti yctQ, to A xai 
t£ B xal i£ r ol(A vmagxsw, to ftevTot, B tivl toi r 
pri fyeo&cu • aloy, to yivog J$ elfci xal tJ diaqpooa. 
To yag £hov itayii ar&gamy, xal SXq> n*i$ tnstm * 
o y* av&QWtog ov navxl nt£$> "floie, iav Xtjqp&jj, 
to ^ t# [lev B oX<p vnvQguv, tcjJ di JT T*y*/*j} vnao- 
Zuv 7) fier xa&oXov vaoiaw wi^vtyV n 9* & ftiou 
ipwdyg ' to di ovfjwiQaopa aXy&ig. 14. 0arsgof 
di, ott xal i£ auyoxsQW ysvdav akrftig Marat to 
ovfrndoao-fAa • Mug h&*x* T Uh *© A *a\ t« 2* xal tw 
JT' tw pep cU^^-tw di n^dtvl vnagxuy, to /idvroi B 
w* tw jT/*i eneo&ai. Ay<p&inog yig, %ov A t$ 
juey I? prjdwl, t$ Si rnvl VTtigxuif ' a * P«* nqota^ 
oik, aftyiregat ytvdsig * to 6* ovpitigaaua aXij&ig. 
15. 'Ofiolwg di xaX, xatyyoatxiis ovar^g %r$ xa&oXov 
ngotaomg* %r\g & iv jiigu oreo^T**^. 3 £yx6>Qtl 
yig 9 to -4 t$ flic* J5 fir]do>l p ity di r navil eitfio&cu, 
xal to B wl xi$ F jw vnagzw, Cfroy , Jojov &w- 
on^ui? juey ovdspjM, uv&QtoTtw Hi narip mtiai 'yd* 
imoriyiq ov navx) av&g&ity. *J£av ow XiKpfrw , to 
fih A t$ B Sty vitagx*w> tw <Je JT tw* /*ij Unto&ai* 
ai ph nopTiwg y/sv&ug • to di avfimgaaf^cc aXydig* 
CAPUT IV. 
"E<jtcu di xal & t$ Io?o;t$ oxvififft* 8*i ysvdwy 
Slav xal inl ti ixarigmf, xal tr\g ujiv ktiqag air}- 
&ovg, jr}Q d' faioag xptvdovg' %ai tftf ph Hi t* \ptu~ 
dovg, tfg d' oXwalq&ovQ' xcilavanctlw' xa)ooctx&$ 
aXXatg tyx®9& ptxalafi&v tig Ttgoxowstg. 2. Ovdh 
/iff xuhutt, (irjjTs to A* ^t« to Bpridwl iw r vnaq- 

DigitizedbyCiOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB 11. CAP. IV. 101 

Xnr, to ftivxoi A tivl t« B intuQX*w olw, ov%$ mr&oio- 
nog, ovj8 mibr ovfovi otytvxa ln*xm y avtiftonog pw~ 
to* %irl *ref» vi«^«. 'l!etw ow» *W^jj, *» -4 «** *o J* 
Karri t£ JT vnaf>xu*~ ai ptV TTfotetauQ SXut pwAgf- 
to W ovpmQaotia aXtj&ig. 3. c J2o*ai/iaff & x«*#, wfc 
/icy oitoqTixq?, tijc di xatatpattxne owjjf l//«ot« 
yao, to fifr .B /^dm t» rvndgzuv, to ie.4 Jravr<\ 
*«} to^tiW JwBufj vthxqz*** ofo*, to /data? ov£t*J 
Kvxvtp, Jwov 6i Trayr*, *oi to Cue? ov boot? pilar*, 
"flOT, iav X7fl>&j h To ph B nartl *•} r, T* &iA fiffl*- 
*/• to A tivl t» J3 ©vy vndgSei ' xa* to ovpfffyffopa 
dXrj&ig • or* oe ngotdifjug yttvdug'. 4. K*l, §1 im t* 
exajiga y/evo^s, sbrat to avpnigaopm edrj&dg, Oidip 
yag xojXvu, xwi to ^ xori to B T«y* t» JT jflioSffsf*, 
jcalto A rwl tot B, Olov 9 to AtvxoV, jm»* to x«ioy, 
t* y» fww vn&qxti, xal to Xtvxov ttvh *aXy. !£orr ow 
tsiHJ, to.4 xa* to £ TTffyri t&rv7imgx*iv* *l pi* waoto>- 
o8*? £r/ t« ytevd&g* to M ovftJiigaafiaiXfi&dg, 5. j&rf 
otegijJixrjg di tijg A r Ti&efiivrig o/uo/fW. 0J£<r yip • 
xcoAtm, to pcy ^ wl tw i^/*^ vnioxhut, to $t I? ti*# 
vti&qxm, xal to A t&B i/trj naxtl vnagx** v * Olor, *o 
Jlet/xoy T*yi £«<j> ovj vnao%*t, to As xaW wi waff- 
le*, xa* to Aei/xor ov numl xaltjj * <£ot, £** XfW&jj, 
to /tcy ^ fiTjftsvl tw r; to 6* £ nvrxi* apqpOTff** J4<x 
al noojaoetg iniu xfxvdug* to ^i &\^ini^ctapia «iq*ttf . 
6. 'Jloor&rug 6i *al, tr t g piy Sl^g ^ft^ov^r T^ 4i , 
oi^? &X7i&ovg X#i*(kiY*pivw iyxwosi yao, x«i to ^ 
ftcri to JB Tia^TJ to) J* two&cu' to fUrtoiA t^ t^^ 
fi^ vnioxuv* Olov, SAoPy xal Xtvxov, nvvi) *4*r<ff 
insrat ' to /ueVro* fiwoy ov a wt» pnmojpi Xmt*$» T*- 

■ 



102 ARISTOTEL1S 

&ivittv ovv oQtor rovtw, 4av AqqpdjJ, tb piv B «i$ 

TW rV7t*QZMV, TO 08 .4 <oi W f*1J VSaqX^V * JJ jU€F JBI* 

•ora* aXrj&rjg oXy QdiAT oXrj ifftvdrjg • xa* touvp- 
ndoaopa aXy-d-ig. 1 /Opoitogdi xal, si to /*€V JBT 
ysvdsg, tb di A r aXrf&ig* 61 yao aitol 000* nqbg 
t%v anoduSiv, piXav, xvxvog, Sytvxov. 8. *AXXa xal, 
u aficpoTsgai Xapfiavowxo xata(pattxai • ovdiv yaq 
umXvu, to piv B navtl tw r tmo&ai, tb di AL olu 
pr) vnaqxsiVy xal to A tivl t$ B vTtaqxuv * oiov, xv~ 
xycp piv navtl (wov, piXav di ovdwl xvxvm, xal to 
pilot* vnaqxti ttvl fato>. "Jlox, iitv Xr}(p&jj t to A xal 
to B navtl tu r vniqx uv ' V P& B rS&q al^&tig* 
q Hi A roXtj ysvdrjg' xal to ovpniqaopa aXq&tg. 
9. c Opolmg di xal, rrjg A r Xi}<p&tioi)g aXri&ovg* dia 
yaq tojv aixtov Sow r) an6du$ig. 10. JlaXiv, trig 
piv oilijff aX^&ovg ovorjg* trjg di inl ti ipwdovg. J £y- 
XMQsi yaq, to piv B navtl tw rinagx^iv, to di A 
tivl [tw F], xa* to A tivl t$ B ' oXor, dlnow pit 
navil av&qwnw, xaXbv di ov novel, xal to xaXbv «- 
vl dinodt vnagxu. *£**» ovv Xrjip&y, *al to A xal 
to B oXa Tip r inagxuv r t piv B r aXtj&rjg oXy • ij 
di A rinl ti ysvdyg' to di ovpnigaopa aXtj&ig. 11. 
'Opbfag di xal, trjg piv A raXti&ovg [ovdqg'}' tfjgdi 
B r yttvdovg \inl ti] Xappavopivqg. Mttajt&ivtwv 
yaq t&v avtmv ogwv, loxa* r) anode&ig. 12. Kal t 
Tijg piv otsgrjuxqg, tr)g di xaiaqpaiuo/s ovarjg. 
itotl yag iyxtogu, tb piv B oXy tw r vtkkqxw, to 
di A tivi* otav ovicog i'/wow, ov navzl tw B to A* 
'Bit* ovv Xrjy&jj, tb pivBoXtp tfarvnaQXtw* to diA 
prid&V r\ ph Qitgyuxr) irtiu ywdyg, r) d' ktdqa oAy 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. IV. 103 

aXf}&rii* xal to avpniqaopa\tatai\ otXrtfHg. 13. Hi~ 
liv, intl didsixtai, ou, tov piv A prjd&vl vnaqxoyxog 
ia> r, tov diBxtvl, typuoet, to^*£ Btiyl py vnao- 
%eiv qpaytooyovv, oxi[xal"],x^g p&vAToXrjg iXtflovg 
ovotjs, Tfjg di B rini it ytvdovg, iyx<»QBi, to ovft- 
nioaoua thai aXy&dg. *Eav yifo Xr)<p&jj, to piyAptj- 
dsyl t<£ r, to diBnamb y piyAFoXy aXrj&ris' *l di 
BT fain yttvdrig. 14. ftaytoiy di xal M xwy iy pigs* 
ovXXoyiop&y, oxi navxwg total dia ymd&y aXrj&ig. 
Oi yao avxol oqoi Xipix&oi, \o£\ xal, Stay xa&oXov 
(oaip alnooxaoug* oi pivhtolg xatyyoQixoZg xatriyo- 
gixol' oi di iy xoig oxsoTjxtxolg arsprjxixoi. Oidivyaq 
titayioti, prfltyl vnaoxortog, navxl Xafiuy inioxuv * 
xal tiyi vnaoxoyxog, Xa fifty xct&oXov, noog tyy twv 
oony ex&eoiy. 'Opting di xal inl xwv oxtorjTixwv. 15. 
4pavsQov ovv, Stay fiiv rj to ovpnigaopa ipsvdeg, avay- 
XT}, $• £y 6 Xoyog, yevdrj thai rj navxa, y fan* oxay 
de aXti&ig, ovx apdyxij, aXrj&tg tlyai, ovxt xi, ovxn 
nana* aXt taxi, ptjdsyog oyxog aXrj&ovg xuy iy tw 
ovXXoyioptf, xi ovpnigaopa opoitog eJyai aXri&ig, ov 
fiyy iSayayxyg. 16* AXxioyde, oxi, oxaydvoexj) ovxm 
ngbg aXXr^Xa, &oxe, daxigov oyxog, i$ ayayx^g &a- 
xegoy elyai' xovxov pq oyxog ph, ovdi&attgoy$ota4* 
oyxog di, ovx avayxr\, thai &axtgoy. 1 7. Tov d' avtov 
oyxog, xal pi) oyxog, advvatoy, 4$ avayxtjg tlvai to 
avxo. Aiyti d\ oloy, tov A oyxog Xsvxov, xi B tlvou 
\j*iya\ i$ avayxyg • xal py oyxog Xsvxov tov A, toB 
that, [piya] IS ayayxtjg. "Oxar yog, tovdl oyxog Aw- 
xov, [oloyj xovA, todl arayxrj thai piya,[oloy] to 
& tov di B oyxtig ptydXov, ti r prj [tlyaij Itvxoy 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



102 ARISTOTEL1S 

&ivxa>v ovv oqwv xovxtov, 4av Ifiydjii to fib B Slw 
Vw rvniqx*w> *• o*i -4 -o>lw juq vnagxav * q /uiy Z?T 
ibrat aXr\&r\g oky ^dsAToXtj iftevdyg* xal zavvfi- 
nigaoua aXrj&ig. 1 /Ofioltag dt xal, ti to fiiv BT 
y/tvdig, to 6s A r uXrj&ig* olyag avxol ogot ngog 
tt)v anods&v, fiiXav, xvxvog, aifzvxov. 8. °Alla xal, 
ti autpoxsgat Xafifiavowxo xaxayaxixal • ovdsv yag 
xwXvu, to fib B navxl ta T tnso&ai, to ds A olfo 
pri viiai>XGiy, xot I to A tivl jm B vnagxuv • olov, xv- 
xy» /iey navxl £a>o?, fiiXav oe ovdevl xvxvw, xa* to 
piXav vndgxu ml 6»o». *J2oV, ear Xrjcp&jj, to A xal 
to B navxl tw r vnagxw *l fib B rSXq al^d^g- 
*l dkA rSXrj ipsvdtjg' xal ti ovanigaaua aXf\&ig. 
9. c O(*olmg ds Hal, tyg A r Xtjy&tiorig aXy&ovg' dta 
yag twv avtatv ogtav fj anodei$ig. 10. UaXiv, Tijg 
fib oXyg aXy&ovg ovatjg* trjg dk inl ti tpsvdovg. *Ey- 
X&QU yag, to fib B navxl t§ rvnagxsiv, to de A 
tivl [tw JT], xal to A tivl t§ B • olov, dinovy fib 
navtl avdgwnm, hoXov de ov navxl, Hal to xaXbv ti- 
vl diTiodi inagxu. *Eflw ovv Z^qp^jJ, xal to A xal 
to B oXca tgj r vnagxw f, fib B r aXrj&rjg Slrj • y 
deA rini ti ipsvdtjg* to ds ovfinigao/ia aXti&ig. 11. 
'Ofibiag di xal, trjg ub A r&Xri&ovg [ovdqg']' trjgda 
B r xfjsvdovg [inl tt] Xaupavofdvyg. Mttattdiwav 
yag t&v avxwv ogwv, Hoxat, r) omode&g. 12. Kal t 
tr t g fib aTsgrjvuifjg , ziqg ds Haiaq>atiH9jg ovo"qg. 
!fere* yaq iyxwQu, to fib B oiqi t$ V vtwxqxw, to 
ds A tiyi* oxav ovt^gMx^otv, ov navxl tw jB to A. 
y Eav ovv Xri<p&fj, to pivBoXcp t$ rvnaoxsw, to diA 
fividevi* y fib oxegquxi} inizt ^evd^g, f\ d* Moo oXq 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. IV. 103 

alt}&rii* xal to ovpndQccofiapOTai] alri&ie. 13. &d- 
liv, inel didstxrat, on, tov pi* A prfiivl vnaQXovxog 
i<» r, tov diB xtv\, iyx^QU, xoxfxy Bxtyl px\ vndo~ 
%tvr (pareobv ovr, oti[xal"],T^g fi&vAToXrjg aXrfiovg 
ovGijg, tfc di B rini %i ytvdovg, iyx®Q*h to ovp~ 
aioaoua that aXy&ig. 'JBo? yiq Xrjcp&tj, to pivApti- 
dsvl tw r, to diBitanl* fj phAFoXi) dXrj&tjg' tj di 
JB r kid ti ytvdr}$. 14. QwvtQOV di xal inl t&v to piqn 
ovXXoyiopwv, ot* ndvxwg Xcrtat did ipevdw dXr\&ig. 
Ol ydq avxol boot Xiptxiot, [o*J xal, Stop xa&oXov 
ghhv alnqoxdoag' ol pivto Tdig xaxyyoqixdig xaxriyo- 
gixol' ol di to joig axsqrjTixo7g oxs^fjxixol. Ovdsvyaq 
dtayiou, prfisvl vndqxortog, nartl lafiuv vn£qx*w * 
xal tiyi vndqxortog, XafiHv xa&oXov, nqbg xt\v t«5v 
qqw sx&ioir. 'Opoioag di xal inl xwv oxtqrjxixwv. 15. 
&awsqov ovv, otav piv r\ to avpniqaopa ipevdig, dvdy- 
%r\, 4$ ay o Xbyog, iffsvdr t slvai ij ndvxa, y «V*w Stop 
Si aXrj&ig, ovx dydyxij, dXrjdig that, ovre u, ovra 
itdrta* aX£ sort, pijdeyog ortog aXij&ovg wr to Ttj* 
ovXXoytoptf, to ovpniqaapa bpolatg thai dXy&ig, oi 
jtyr i$ dvdyxrjg. lG.Alxwvde, ou, OTaydvosxfi ovxm 
itqog aXXriXa, wo?*, &axiqov ortog, 4£ dvdyxfjg ^a- 
reqoy thai' tovxov py ortog ph, ovde&dxsqov terror 
ortog di, ovx aydyxr\, Avai &dxsqoy. 1 7. Tov d' aixov 
ortog, xal prj ortog, advyaroy, 4$ avdyxtjg tlrat to 
avxo. Aiyoi d\ olov, tov A ortog Xsvxov, to B that 
£piya\ i$ avdyxyg* xal pi} ortog Xsvxov tov A, toB 
tlyai fjiiya] i$ avdyxtjg, ^Otw yaq, Tovdl ortog Aw- 
xov, [oloyj tov A, Totii aydyxtj tfaa$ fiiya,[olov] to 
B' tov di B ortOg ptyiXov, to r pr} l*lra*}'Uv*6w* 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



JO* i ARI8TOTBLIS 

4xvdpt% $i to A l**xir, re F py&m Uv*iv. Kul, 
Stay, tool* ortoiy. &atioov Snog, , irayxij, &iteqov 
that* tovtov pi} ovt0g, ctriy*% f to A pit that. Tov 
dr\ B pi) ovrog psydXav, to A ovx oUvf Uvxor Btvai. 
Tov deA pi) ovtog Xswov, ti a*#yKij, to 8 pfy* «I~ 
y« * ottppctivH Ig ivmyxrjg, tov B pn onos ptydlov, 
avio to B pfy* that 4 (toy*© & Adwatov) at yaq 
to B pn Am p*?*> *o A oix torat Xtyttbv 4£ mv&y- 
%r\g t JSi ovr, pit Snog tov Isvhoai, to B sotcti pi- 
yo}' ovpfialw, e» to B ptj ioti peyot,klyai p*ya, wg 
£*« tqiiw. 

CAPUT V. 
To M Mvxhp xal & alX^Xvv dtixrvo&al, Aft* to 
$ia tov ovpneoaapaiog, xal tov ivnnaiiv tiJ »mtq- 
* yooitj, tip hioav Xctpovta nqotaatv, evpntQcuvxt&at 
tip low}}? , ijr 4Xdp3«vey iv Itsqw ovXXoyiop$. 2- 
Oiop, el toe* fctScUf ott to Aito r nartl inmqxu* 
ffcfrfs de dia tov B ' ndXiv «t foutrvot, oti to A rip B 
vndqx^h laftiv, to ph A t£ r vitaQXtw, to di T 
tyB, xal toAt^B* nqotiqov U avomaXivUafts, to 
B tm T indqx*w. *H> t* St* to B t<T» r diot &£$«» 
vitdqxov $ nXifloi, toAxatatov F, o qv ovpniqaopa, 
to d& B xotta tov A vn&QXW nqotsqov d* iXyfp&fi 
avanaXiv, to A xatit tov B. 3. "AXXatg d* ovx low 
c*£ aXXyXuv duSai, £tze yuq aXXo pioov lyifmrtM, ov 
xvxXn' ovdiv yitq Xapfiavtrai t<S? avTwy* efTBTOvtmv 
th awayxq, dittqov povov • d yuq Spq>a> to ovto 
$atat ovpjtio&apa • $u dc fotoor. 4. *Ev p& ovr Totg 
ptj ivuOTD&povow & av&nodtixTov tyg hioagnootd- 
oeug ybttM o avUoyutpog. Ov yiq iottv dnodtlgai 



ANALYT, PRIOR. LIB. H. CAP. V. 105 

&t£ Tovxmnf %S» i$w> Sti t$ /fe'wjp to tghop vndgxtt, 
$ j<j> flrpaiT^ to fifoo*. 'JB* M to** dmargiyovoiy i&tl 
narrm dwtvipat di allffaov • olw, gl to .4 xa* to JB 
tea) to T iptt0tg4q>ovaiv akXrjlois. 5. Jtdtfa&w yag 
to -4 r&tapioov tovB, xal nakw toAB did te tov. 
QVfUttQ&apaxof, xal rye B rngtdoitog arwtoa- 
optUi^g ' wravtmg de xal to B r dti tov ovfimoa** 
apatag, *a* T^^i JB fffOTootftif arrtoroaaperqf. Au 
di tqw is r B„ xal xrp B A vooTaotr aao&i£ai* xav- 
?«*? yag ttVaaofc&cTotg x*x(pip*&* poveug. 'Bar ow 
lyip&yr to B nay*} t$ JT vndgzstf, *•* *© J™ *«**l 
t« .4 - oiuUaytapo? kfto* tov Z? *oo$ to -4. UaUv 9 
ikv lq<p&jj, to jut? J* arair* i $A, to di .if mart t$ jB* 
avayxq, to JT« avx) t$ £ vnaojpu'.. "iSr apyotigoic dtj 
«ovto*€ to*V ovllojrio/»o7$ t) TA ngotaotg avanodti* 
urog i CUprrat. JL yog hsgat Mstyfurcu qow wove, 
S? tavvtp imofail&psv, anaacu taoruxi detoypivai 
4* aJLA^JlW 4ar ovr itiy&jj , jirnavtl r$B, xal to 
J5 war*** T%r .4 vxagx*& • apq)6xBgul t« a* ngotacug 
anodidetyfuva* kanfiapprtai, xal to Tttf A avdyxfi 
indgx$ir. Qangbr ovv, art fr parotg toig aniotgi* 
90*0* xvxXy xal di aU^w ivM^stai yb$ad-a$ tig 
anodiitsig' h 9i tolg aXlotg, wmsgisgottgor efaofiBr. 
6. Supflabu da xal iv tovtoig avrf t£ deixwvpipip 
XQyo&cu ngog tip anodt^tr. To fUr yog r xata tov 
JB, xai to £ xaTa tov -4 ddxtviai, lyq>&irsoQ tov i* 
xaxi tot/w* Mydo&ai* to 5i Txata tovAdut tovtanf 
diixrvrcu fur ngotaotmv. *Jlore ty ovftnsgd&ftan 
Xgoipt&a ngog ty* anodei$iv. 7. *£w* ^t twv orto^T*- 
xmp avkkoyutprnv &d* diixrvrcu dt oUi^twy. "Eota t« 

Digitized by VaOOQlC . 



M ARISTOTELIS 

pi* A jtidvl t$ B, to 'it B nmmA i$r*riul oiSt* 
t* r vxbqSu. 14. *EaV « ij ji fr- A B naorems ol* 
lW*jE,«ta»4t~i} Si- R r ii, V tw«,' c - r«nm fftri- 
Xoywpos alij&if_- ovon> ^« C uvlvtt, to A xttj ti B 
mat «^ Vntmi imafgur, to pfrtot JJ pi,oW2 T «;' r - 
olw, ooa trvtotf ytow* d*t /um} wr' &U<]A« • *£ «J» 

6»or««r»&nr ¥ ««»A^i«M.*««%r«- f«n«s ft o£ 
*rt wtfpfer*.. *^, ,,fr o& i n9 »*ji, to ^ sraniri 
B, •«* to Bjutrii t$ r- «A^s fotai m ovftniqa- 
efta, ytvSovi ow«j» «^. t»js JB r n f oto'mw?. 15. 
0/«o/w» ft «„}, <m M t»«fc ov*ie *w ^t jft *poto«- 

?*\ « B r'* r * m W*** A P*!** «f *> /"in *4»rOT- 
Ari vm,**, M w ** M ftrtt$ r-oTo*, Ws £ 

idiot, y»ov S dfcov to twoo* yfcoj • to y«{o gSo* o»- 
tvtqlx$. Anqptinof 6UP 10& (ib> A ft^Swh t» 5 

m» « a »«ri t$ r, *A ? *fc fo»«* ,* aV p*igZ,J 

.16. JEW, « ,«, 0A1, y,w*, $ •£ » r, o*U' <«T «, »„} 
ofcMt famt to mum^mtgrn <}4^, 4 i>ft» *ip „«. 
i««, »o .<-»,}«$ », „a tf rSly iit&XH^riah. 
toi JB «.*,$ r- olo*, «i ***f.t£ tfoV^ ««iTtf »««. 

W * w. #•**»** &**•***, *a Witut. 

fc?' o it «^»«»ost».r««ff, mrfotfwawfc j«- ft, 

to A mtr* ty b, *vHih B «**£ tf r > Hwtf «/« • 

t» ^ W „«J t£ r- «m^(Hi- 8* V ^. A4M.: 17. 

O/io/wfe « ««J; ottfvttnijt. ofotfr tfo A B *»>»'«. 

a* XpK/tm x«t, to ^^^t» tl5 B, ^ht^ r«|- 

«m «^««*«-to ekn*. B rtrl T y I»-ofor > .«i yfrof 

T* * W( r ^»^ ^«> ««* Wtf • ti y«V C5o» 
oft. W o^« d^^.j fai^ >)?fc , ^n^. ,. 

Digitized by dOOQlC 



AN AL YT. PH10 R. LI B. 11. CAP. II. 96 

de ygovriGigxivl £*«f qftjtjj .. M ov* Ziw^eft}, xbpb 
A (itlfevl t«Ji B, to & I*. ?rarr# xtjp T' ovdtrt tw Pro 
-4 vnaqtu* xovxo di xp dXij&ig* iS^'JSnl di xm to 
ftege* avXXoyiafiwv tfrotjprat teal, r^g ftgvxrjg itqotu- 
amg oXtig ytvdovg. &v<sr\g ,. t*j* d* kxigag. aXrj&ovg, 
dXrj&eg tlym xii avfiftigaafia* xal intxi ymv9ovg ov- 
on$ir\<: A B t . Trjg. di B JTolqc ikiftovg •• xal trig piv ' 
A B alti&olgj xqg. di to fiiqu ymdovg, xal aptpoxi- 
q<o* avow* iptvd&r. 19^ OvSb yaq xatXvn, xb Ax$ 
pi* B finpivl vTtoiqXM*. *$ Si -T xwl h xal xb B xwl 
tw V olov, Qtoo* of/dipiix ztott, Ittmtp di xmvnaQ*- 
Xti, xal ij xi&* kivxqi xtvu El ovv aioov xs&tlri fj 
Xitov y ftouTOK hi to two* * act* Xr}(p&tlrj t to f«ev^ oAw 
tw .B vnaqxtw, to da JR Ttyitw £*• ^ pb A B oXfl 
yitvdr t g.' v\ di B r aXii&rig, xal to avfatigaafjia iXq- 
Sig^ 20.. c O/tto&>£ & xal, otto^Totq? otiorjg xqg A B 
nqprdanag' fyjppou %*Q> *° ^ t( $ /*** & &V iw*Q- 
#wv,.T§ di Fxwl py vnaQxw>'*bptoxoiBxmvndQ- 
tuv tw F* olor, to £©>o* &r&QWt(p. pb navxl vhaq- 
Xu, Xivxo} yi tivk ovx Jnrfaw 6 6e av&QpmogxatiXtv- 
xw vndgx*** *J2oTt, el, piaov tsSiyxog xov aWtyw- 
nov, Xrj<p&f 111,70 A (*t$9vl t$ B vndgx stv > ™ Si B 
wiiy r VTtagxw dXy&ig lorttfi to ovpnigattpa, 
ytvdovg ovarjg oXyg. xqg A B ngpxdatiag.. 21 . Kal, 
•i btl xiytvdng i\ A B.ngoxaaig, xqg B F aXf)&ovg 
oZoySyiOxai xb ovpnigaopa aXq&ig.* oidto yaq xw- 
Xvuy to A nalxw B xalxy F xwi inagxw , xal to 
B x<o V tivl vni'QXW * olor, xb fwov xwl. xaXw, xal 
xiv% (ttydXy, xal xb. xaXbr xirt ptydXty vnagX^ v * 
*Mav vw Xi}(p&y, xb A navxl t$ B, xal xb B xwl x$ 



go ARISTOTELIS 

r* n pb A B nootaoig ini u tptvdvjg forai • fi di B 
1* ali}&T}Q • xal to ovpntyaapa aXq&ig, ■ 22/O/uoi- 
vg di xal, eitQqttxns oioqg tiJs A B ngotaototg, Oi 
fao avtol boot sooviai , xal iaavwg xslptvot noog 
tjj? anode&v. 23. UaXiv, u ij usv A B alij&yf 
y di B r ^svdrjg • ctXq&sg eatou to ovpnioaopa. Qv+ 
div yaq xwXvu, to A t/S fiiv.B ok(o vnaqxtiv , iw £i 
Z 1 Tm, xa* to J3 xw rpf}dwl vnaoxw * olov , (wor 
avxyw pcV 7iarr*, pilot* di tw, xt/xro£ <Se ovdcW ftf- I 
Ian. "JIot , w Itfif&Urj, nowtl t$ B to A, xal ti 
B t£ r xivl' hXvfiig forat to ovuniqaaua , iptvdovs 
ovtog tov B JT. 24* 'Ouolag di xal, ateofitixqg iceji- 
puvouirqg **IS A B nQotaatotg. 3 EyXtoQ& yag, to A 
%$ piv B firjdtviy iw di J* tivl pi) vnaqxtiv , %6 piv- 
toi B fiqdsvl T<p /*• clov, to ^frog x«^ ccXXov yivovg 
tZdti, xal t$ owfltjSijxoTi zolg kavtov il'dtai • to yio 
JJoJoy aoi&piZijib ovdevl vftaox*** Xtvx<o di ww, o di 
OQi&fibg oiidsvl itvxy. *Mav oyv uioov. rt&p o ao»- 
4/to?, xai Xyy&jj, tojtiv .4 /iijJfi'* T$ J3, to 6*s 5 
tivl t$ r*%o A tivl tw r ovx ind^u, o&sq *ir alr}- 
&ig • xal fi uiv d B nootaoig airing' fj $iB rytv- 
dyg. 25. Kal, ti ttlti yfsvd^g q A B, ytvdijg di 
xal ri B r* eorcu to ovfuidgaoua oU^fo'?. . Oidiv 
fao xwXvu, to At^B tiwl xal t£ r tivl vnaox*** 
btaXbQWy to ds B uqdtvl tw JT* olop, tl &q irayrjop 
to B tw J*, apqpv di avfiflsfttixita tw cwiai /&**' 
to /ao faJoy T<y» ksvxw xal tivtjji&avi vnaqx*h ^«v- 
xov di ovdevl jiiXayi. 3 £av ovx Xfjfp&p, to A nanl 
t^ B, xal to B Tivl t$ JT, aXy&ig iatai to ovfiiti- 
Qaofia. 26' Xal otsg^tix^g di lafifiavofUvfjg tr,g 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB, II CAP. IIL 07 

A B, waavnog. Ol yhq eevroi Soot N«i jwv- 
xtag TS&rjoovxai noog xijp urcoSuliv. 27 • Jfai «fi* 
qpoTijpw ££ ysvd&v ovaiav , sat at %i 0trpjr*pa«pa 
ciXii&ig* iyxotQti yaq, to utf tw /«&» I?pq&wt,T£ 
di r tiv\ vnaqx tl *t *• peVro* B fitfiwl t« jT* olar, 
to /«Vo$ iw IS orJIXot; ybovg tXlhi, xal r$ ovpfliflipio- 
T* TO*£ Ctft&Ji rotf a^Tov. Z&ov /«o «f*^« pi? o*5^ 
oVyJ* Xfutxw 61 Tiyi vnuQX^h *<*) 5 atn&pbg tiiforl Uv* 
x$. 9 Eav ovp Xi}q>&jj, to A nctml ty S, *ml to jBw- 
r* t$ jT # to /icy ovfiTtigaofta aiy&ti, ml Sinfwmmg 
apipm yevdsig. 28. 'Opolwg 8i xat, trt*Qritmr# o&» 
oyg iris A B. Ovtiev ya$ xwXvei, to A<r<j ftbUvnap- 
XBiv> *$ d& r T*y) py vnagxnv, (tr\H to B pqaepi 
tw JT* oloy, t&ov kvxvw {isv navil, pilvtvt 6l«iwoif£ 
V7iaqx H * *v*vog tie oidivl pilavi. "Slax, oSJUjo^tofq, 

TO -^ fAt}dsvl TW J5, TO d« 23 T*f* Tfc) JT - TO ^ Tiri If 

JT oi^ yxdftei. To fiiv ov* cv/tTtiftKtpct *Uq&4$ 
al di XQOzaoug ysvdug. . 

CAPUT III. 
*E» de t$ uioq o%np<**t> nirtag i^xngit^m^ftv^ 
8&x aX^&ig evXXoyioaodai, xal &/iq><niQW ta>? fc^o- 
laa&ovoXuv x/xvduy XappavofiarW teal M *•£*** 
tiow *a* tijg jibf aly&ovg, tr)g 01 ytvtovg ofaff 
fUgfe omoT£Q*OQvv yevdovg ri&m&T\g' xxl, H «/»- 
9>oz«f«* I*/ uytvdtlg- xal, u y fib anX&g itiftw* 
y deitiu y/iytyg* xal,d fj fisv oXq tpevtiftg, w\ M 
Itx/ Tt«i^^' xal ird t&vxa&oXpv, xal inl 1«? 4* 
piqu ovXXoycajuoy. 2. El yitg to A ta p&r B pi* 
flef* vn&QXti, t$ && r nanb oloy C&oy U$y f*«V ♦*• 
J«yJ, fnna) 91 navii' iav ivctrtlcog %$&w<n* <d «f *' 
AmisT. ANAr*. Q 

Digitized by GoOgle 



98 ARISTOTELIS 

Twrtio »" *ml Xyq&jj, to A %9f fit* B nartl, x« 3e T 
(trjdtvl, ix ytvdv* olmr tip ffooToWw aiij&ig carat 
to ov/uarfoaapa. 3* *Opotos di xal, d tw ^e> 1? wow- , 
tl, tw da r pydtvl vnaqxmo A % o yaq aitog eotai 
avXloyiapag* 4. iZaitr, d ij fwy Ireoa oXiy ycvdfc 
q di kiiqa okq alij&rtf • outfev yap xooAvti, w J x« 
tw JB xalty rnavxl vnoQXBir, to pirtoi B firjdm 
f w JT* oIo»v to ;wo$ Tolf fii| &*' eJUijXa et3art. To 
y«f £&o>> xal &r»y aayTt, xa* oWottrcu * x«* ov&fc 
aw&Qunog htnog. 9 Ea* aw Xyqxfrji, to Jwor Tw per 
rcarr*, if 6*« pqoW vnaqx HV * 4 P* v <&V ytvdijg 
tatai* % di oitq aAq#q$ * xa* to ov/meoao/ta &Xij&ir 
nqog SmniQyovv rs&ivtog xov attquiixov, 5. Kai, 
d fj fceoa inl t* 'yw&fc * *j di ktiqa oXij alrj&rig. 
*£yX*yu yiq, to A *<a fib B %wl vnag/eip , rot Si r 
nervtl, to fiivroi B ixfjdsvl t$ Jf* olov, £aov Xtvxi 
pi* %ty\, xogaxi di nartl, xal to Xtvxitf ovdewl xooa- 
xt. *Emv ovv Xijy&jj, to A t$ per B ftijdtvl, to» oe 
r* <U$ vnaoxw y per A B nqotamg inlxi y/cvoq; • 
4 ^* ^ r oil} alfftfo • xa* to ovpnfyaofia alftfHg. 
6. Kal ptTaii&epivov di xov areoqrixoi/ wxravrwff' 
&a yao TwvovTwy 00(0^4 attofoi&£. 7. Kai, el ij 
xaT«9>0Tfjci9 ftooraot? inl xt yttvdrjg * 4 di crteqrjrtxri 
oXn aXrj&tis. Ovdiy yig xtoXvti, to A tw per 2? twi 
viz*qxw> *<$ di F okco prj vnaQx^v, xaJ to 2? pifikn 
t^ .T- oloy, to f«oy i«vx<J> ^6v Ttyi, tt/tt^ di oydtfiiif, 
*4*i to Xevxoy ovfopuju nhjfi. *Slatt?iav' Xt]<p&ri, to 
w4 oX^ T4W ^ vtuxqx&iv, tw Ji rpqd&l'ii fiiv ABM 
t* ^er^s' ^5e ^ jT 0X17 0X17^^ • kai to QVfiniqaafia 
alf^iQ. 8* Ko*, et apyoriQai ai itQOxdasig inl n 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



AN ALYT. PRIOR. LIB. H CAP. III. 09 

ytvdiig, Sot** to avptdgaapa &Xri&ig. 3 Eyx™g*i f*g , 
to A xal t£ B, xal t& r Ttvl fmagxtw, to di B py- 
tierr tw F* olov, £«ox xal Aet/xw nvi, xal piXari rvvr 
to Ss Xtvxov ovdtvl piXavi. *Eax ovx Xycp&rj , to A 
tw pfa Bnavtt, Ttp di T p^devl* Spqxa ph at ngo- 
tdtottg til xi ipevd&s * to di ovpnigdopa aXri&sg. 9. 
'Opofag tie xal, pttctTC&Uor}g tr^q (Fngrjtixrig, diitwv 
avian ogav. 10. &avtgbv di xal &r* t«x iV fia'oa* 
ovXXoyujpwv ovtihr ?ag xmhiu, to A tw pax Bnav- 
t*,t$ di Ttivl V7tdgx$iv,xai to 2? tip rttvl py vttuq- 
%wv\ oloy, Jfiop navtl piv dpd-gtonm, Xtvxm di tm, 
^av&gwTiog di tivi XtvxZ* ovx vndgxet. 'Ear ovx t«- 
•d§, to -4 t£ fiix JB p qdexi vnagxciv , t$ di T ml 
-* vndgxw q piv xa&oXov ng&taaig oXrtyttodrjg* % d' iv 
psQU aXtj&rjg • xa» to ovpnigaopa dXn&ig. 1 1 . *JZ<j- . 
ai/Tca? ^a xa{, xaTaqtatixrjrXappavopivfigtygA B' fy- 
Xoyget fdg, to A t^pivBp^dsvl,t^dirttvlpTjwtdQ^ 
xwx • xal to 2?t§ rtivlpij hndgxw olov, to {pfop 
ovdsvl oupvxto , itavx$ da wi [ov* wrao/aij, xa} to 
aipvxov tivi Xwxw ovx vndgx H » *Ei& ovx tifty , to 
A ttgjib B nan), t$ di JT Ttxl py vndgx*w % 
ph A B ngotaaig i} xadoXov oXy ysvdrjg * y diAT 
aXydvig, xal to ovpnigaopa dXri&ig^ 12. Kal, tijg 
piv xadoXov aXti&ov?Th&Bforig 9 t^g dih pigu yav- 
dovg. Ovdiv ydg xwXvu, to A prju tw B, prfn t$ 
jTovdex* sneo&ou, to pivtoi Bttvl t$ rpy vnagxur 
oloy, &»o? ovdaxi agi&n<a, oidi ayvx^f *«* o "^** 
«^fco$ tw* *yvx<9 WX fana§. 3 £av ovx ts^tJ, to if 
tw /caV If pfitisvt, tw di JT tw/* to pb vvpnigaapa 
Soiat AXi)&ig* xai % xa&oXov ng6xaat>g aXfi&fc' i 

G2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



100 ARISTOTELIS 

S' to piou yttvStjg. 13. Kctl xaiafauxrjg Si tig 
xa&olov Tt&tpivqg Aoavtoag* *EyzvQ& y&Q> to A xoi 
if B xou z$ r olw vit&QZ***> T0 ft&not B rivl iw T 
(irj fyao&cu' olov, to yivog t$ eidsi xaliji diayoqa. 
To yag ££ov narti ardfamqi, xal ol<$ ne($ In star 
& av&ounog ov navtl nt£$. "Jlart , iav ly<P&j]> 
to A j$ pb> B ok(p inaofuv, %y Si r-rivlftT) vtuxq- 
%uv • r\ par xa&ojiov nqotOLaig cUq#qV y $' to ftigu 
ywdys • to Si ovfmigaopa alrj&ig. 14. <Pay$QO¥ 
Si, oTi xal U afupetiowv ytsvSmv alq&ig Mora* to 
ovfiniottopa • unto toS*x*wi> *b A *<** % $ & *«* T$ 
r** t$ fito okfo^TM di jxijdfyl vndpxuy, to fidvToi B 
w* t« r fin tnso&fu. Aw&ivxog ybo, %ov A %$ 
pw B pnbwl, tw di ruvl vniqxuv • at piy ngoto> 
au* afHpoTioat ytevSsig * to Si ovfinigaafiia aXrj&ig. 
15. 'Opol&s Si xcd, xuir\yogw\g ovotig xijjs xa&oXov 
TTQOjdattag - Tijff b* to (itgn OTcpqTucq?. 'Eyxmosi 
yap, to A xw piv B fttjd&l, 1$ Ss r huvji fkeo&at, 
xal to Bttyl Tip T py vnaoxw, CjToy, (pop tm- 
orjjfiji ph ovSsfu%, av&Q(07i<ti Si navx\ tntzai • ^ S* 
imornfiT} ov xwj} dv&Q<intp. 3 JEav ovv iijy&p , to 
(ito At$B okp V7fQLQX Siv > T # ^* -T *' y * /*9 fiwr^w* 
or* fiiy nootiqug ytevS&g • to di ov/iznfo.wqmx aXydig. 
CAPUT IV. 
"Evxcu Si xal to t£ iofaTq axyp#t* Sta ipsvSav 
alw xal in£ n ixcrt4o*f> *«* trig (iiv hioag &lti~ 
$ovg, t?^ S* hiigag yrodovg' <k«u t^ pey M « y**tf- 
dovtf, T^f ^' oi^ai^ovs- wxiwva^aity xajooa^caff 
aAXo»9 iyxmpfi pttalafi$it tig Ttgotaasug. %. OvSto 
y&t xMu, (iqts to A, pyxe %o BpySwl t$ r vn&q- 

■ 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. IV. 101 

Xuv, to pitnoi A run tw B imagx**** ol&y, ovts mv&f fa- 
it og, airs niiov evfovl ayvxy inrrm, Sr6f*mo$fiw- 
rot wl nt&o tW#«. !&&> an* *W#ji, voAitatiQB 
navii tw J* vnagxuv al ptV 7rooT«o«? cUcu yowfrua* 
to M ovpneQaop* aXti&sg. 3. c J2tfai/i«s A» x«#, ti}$ 
ftiy oxtQTjTixTjg , jfjg &i x&TcnpctTtKiig ovetw fyz*f** 
yao, to fifo JB (iridwl t£ rvnagzur, to £**4 wav**, 
xaJ to^tw* TwBfif) inaqzuv* alov, to /tofoy ov^«x) 
xvuvio, f&oy tfc Trarr*, xa* to £<Soy ov ftOPT? pftax*. 
Iflfft, ia*lifl>&ji>™p** •# Hair) ty T, li $iA pvfi*~ 
vh to A tivl t» J5 ov* vnuffiu • *«« to ovpffsjoffopof 
aXr\&ig * a* fle nooTaact? ytvbug. 4* Kvl, $1 ini t* 
ixariga ysvSqg, iaTai to evpniqaopm edrj&ig, Oidinr 
yaq xakvth xa« to -4 x«t to 2? T*y* ti£ JH wtdfXWVf 
xal to -4 Tty» tw 2?. Otoy, to AsvjioV, x*2 to x«io#, 
t« y* &»m vnagx^t *«*» ** Xtuxoy w} xal^r. *£&? ow 
t*^HJ, To-4 xa* to I? TtffyT* twrvTirngxttr ccl pip tt^oto- 
a**s £r/ tc yevfrug' to $4 ovpTtigctofia aXq&eg, 5. JKjrf 
<riSQT}TiX7jg de tyg A r Ti$Bp6vr}$ ofto/fa?* 0&$«? ^ip • 

XO)il/»j TO pSVu* TfW TW JTfl^ VTHXQXUV, % O 0* j? Tftfi 

v7tvQXew, xotl to A t&B fjLfi mxrtl vnaqx**** Olor, *o 
Aet/xox w* fw<p ov# vndgxei, to dc xaW T«y* vjrafi- 
^«t, xa* to Aevxor otr »<o>x* xai^ * «ot , *** 4w#£, 
to /ucy -4 fiTjdsvl tw JT, to di JB nmrtl" apqporcfff* pir 
al ttQOjaoug Mtt ywSsig* to W 0v^*«oaa/ia jU*7#$f • 
6. c Jlocttrr<*g de nail, Tr,g ph Zing mtv$*vg, JVi 4i , 
oA^? altj&ovgt X»^/Wo/i*Vi?e' iyxwQsi y<tq, **l fp ^ 
*a* to J3 «arT* t<£ r fjwo^ai' to jwyrwJ wt t^»jP 
fi^ vnaqxtiv* Oloy, ££)ov> xa} ktvxov, nw*} x«^ 
iforou* to fi^rro«C»oy olwwtJ vnmezuinw}* Ttr 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



102 ARISTOTBL1S 

SivTM ovv ogwv xovtwp, iav XfjCpdrk to pip B aXt$ 
Vw rvn£gx*tv, *• ^« -^ *S^V i"^ vnagx^v • q pi* ZJT 
lorai aXi\&r\g oXy ^ deA r olrj yevdrjg* xal zo/rvp- 
nigaapa Akri&ig. 7. 'Opoitogdi xal, & to phf B V 
ysvdsg, to dsA r iXr^ig* ol yag avtol ogot *gog 
Typ anode&tp, piXav, xvxpog, aiftvxov, 8. !iUa xal, 
u ap<poTsgat Xapfiapowto xataq>atual • ovdiv yag 
xwXvu, to piv B navtl tw r enso&ai, to di A oXu 
pr\ wiagx*tv, xal to A uvl tm B vnagxeiv ' oloy, xv- 
xv<» pb> 7i ctvxl £wov t pilav di vvdevl xvxpta, xarTo 
piXav vnagxu tipl Jww. "Jlot, iav Xti<p&jj, zo A xal 
to B navrl tw r vnagxw y piv B rofai aAij^hjs* 
^ di^ r«ii| xptvdrig- xal to avpnigaopa aXfj&tg. 
9. c O(*oimg di xal, trjg A T Xijy&tiGTjg aXrj&ovg- 5ta 
yaq twv avxwv Sow? ^ a7rod£<£<;. 10. HaXiv, Tijc 
piv oXijg aXy&ovg ovoyg* tr\g di inl n tpsvdovg. *Ey- 
XWQsi yag 9 to piv B navtl tqi rvndgxuv, to di A 
tip* [%$ JT], xal to A ttvl t$ B • olop, dinow ph 
navtl avdgiurim, xaXbv di ox\ navtl, xal to xaXbv ti- 
vl dinodi vnagxu. 9 £av ovv A^qp^j?, xal to A xal 
to B oXq tt$ V vnagxw r t piv B r <Ui?#ijff olij • ^ 
diA rini ti yjsvdtjg 9 to di avpnigaopa aXr^ig. ij. 
Opbitag di xal, Ttjg piv A r aXr\dovg [ovdtjg]' %r\gdi 
B r ipsvdovg [inl ti"\ Xapftavopdvjjg. MtTaze&ivTwp 
yag t&v avxmv oqcqv, {brat fj anodstStg* 12. Kal t 
trig piv OTSQTjvuwjg , zijg ds xaiaq>attxiljg ovarjg. 
!fere* yao iyxwQu, to pip B oAw tw JT vmxgxetv, to 
di A tipi* ot ap ovrcog Ijjfwcrw, ov navzl tw jB xb A* 
3 Eav ovv Xticpd-jj, to pivBoXn xiprvnagxew, to dsA 
pridsvl' r\ ph opgyuxr} intu ^evd^g, % 5' frt'oa oXy 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB, II. CAP. IV. 103 

a%ri&rir xal to avpnigaopa para*] aXiftig* 13. Ua~ 
liv, intl difotxtat, ott, tov fdv A pydtvl vnaoxortog 
tw r, tov deBwl, iyXMQ&y to^t£ BxtyX pr} vtuxq- 
%tiv* opavtohv ovv, ou[xat], t^g ptvAJToXtig aXrjS ovg 
ovoHS, Tfi$ de B rini it ytvdovg, iyx^oti, to at/f*~ 
nigaaua that aXy&ig. > Ea\ yboXr)(p&tf, topivAprj- 
dtvl tw r, to bkBnanb tj pivAFoXq aXrj&rjg* i\ di 
BT toi ti iptvdrjg. 14. toaveoiv de xal inl xmv iv piqtt 
ovXXoyiopav, ott navtwg totat dta ipevdwv aXtj&ig. 
Oi ycto avtol oqot Xipttiot, [ot\ xal, otar xa&oXov 
vhjiv alnqotaosig* ol piviv xoiq xatnyootxoiq xatijyo- 
gixoi- ol ds iv toig ottgrftixolg ottffjttxoi. Ovdivyiq 
dtaopigtt, prjdtvl vnaQXovjog, navtl Xafitiv wdppy * 
xai ttvt vnaoxortog, Xufiuv xa&oXov, noog t^v twv 
oovtv txd-tatv, c Quoi<ag o* xal insl twv otsoritixav. 15. 
<PavtQov ovv, otocv ptv ji to avpntgaapa iptvotg, utvay- 
X7j, £* tav 6 Xbyog, yey'dy that tj navta, ^ tvta* otav 
de aXri&ig, ovx avayxi\, aXrjdig that, ovt9 tt, ovtx 
navta* aX£ tort, pijdtvog ovtog aXtj&ovg tip iv tw 
avXXoytoptf, to ovpnioaopa opoitog that aXy&sg, oi 
pyx iSavayxrjg. 16. AYuovdi, ott, otavdvosxfi ovt» 
nqbg aXXr{Xa, vote, dattQov ovtog, IS avayxyg $a~ 
iiqov that* tovtov pq ovtog ptv, ovdi&attoovtatav 
ovtog St, ovx avayxij, tlvat&attoov. 1 7. Tov d* avrov 
ovtog, xal py ovtog, advvatov, i$ avdyxijg that to 
avto. Aiyti i* , olov, tov A ovtog Xtvxov, to B that 
[jtiyct] 4$ avayxyg * xal 'fiij ovtog Xbvxov tov A, toB 
that ytiyot] i$ avayxrjg. ^Otuv yaq, tovdl Snog Aw- 
xov, [oloy] tov A y todl avayxrj that piya, [olov] to 
B' tov di B ovtdg fieydXov, to T py [that] Xtvxov 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



KM . ARI8T0TBLIS 

&irdyx% t\ti A Isvxir, to r pq'Ami bvttiv. Sal, 
otap, jhtoi* ovtoiv, Qatioov ovtog, irdyxq, S-ittoov 
thai* tovtov py ovi*i, dpdyxq, to A pi} that. Tov 
dq B pq ovtog peydXoV, to A oix Q*oV ti Itvxov %?vai* 
Tov MA pi) ovtog Xsvxov, ti avdyttq, to B piya *X* 
va* • ovpflabn tf| ardyxfjq, tov B pi) Qvtog ptyaXov, 
alt* to B piya that 4 (toy jo 6o i&ivatw) » yaq 
to B pi km p*ya> to A oix eatat Xevxbv 4£ ivdy* 
xtjg. JSt qvv> pq ortog tov Uvnoi, to B lotat pi~ 
ya m Qvpfalw, mtoJB p% iot * piya, thai piya, org 
did tgmv. 

CAPUT V. 
Ti ii xvxXqt xal 4$ nXX^Xoir dtlxvw&at, fort to 
dta tov ovunBodopatog, xal tov avditalw tij xuty- 
* Y°Ql*> % W kiBQ<*v Xctpovta nootaatv, avpnsovboo&at 
tr\v Xoinr}V , ij* ikip/htvw h Itiqm evXXoytapc*. 2, 
Oiov, ti tfct bttScu, ot§ to A t<£ r navtl vnioxtt* 
*dtt$s 6e diet tov B ' ndXiy it duxvvoi, on to Axy B 
vndgxn, Xafiiy, to ph A t$ r vndQ%nv, to di r 
t$B, xal toAt^B* nqottooy & avdnaXivUaftt, to 
B tw r vndoxw. "if, ti St* to B tw r dsot &t|a» 
VTzdoxop, tikdfloi, toAxata tov r, o qv ovpnioaopa, 
to di B xata tov A vndox*w * noittoov di &ifg>£i} 
dvanalw, to A xata tov B. 3. "aXXmq 6* oix low 
«*$ dXXyXmy du$cu. Bits ydo aXXo pioov Xrjipttah ov 
xvxXn- ovdiv yaQ Xapfidvttai t&y uvt&v tftttovtaw 
ti, dwayxti, ddtsooy povov • ti ydo Spam* to aiti 
$otai ovpnioaopa * b*u di kttoop, 4. J Ev phf ovv toT? 
py artiotoiyovw i£ dvemodeixiov tijg ktioasnootd- 
astag ylntai o avXXoyuipog, Ov ydo iottv anoduSa* 



AN ALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. V. 105 

Stcc tovttnf t&* o^or, St* t<£ jiiety to iqhop vnaqxtt, 
tj tw 9r^cJt^» to pdoor. *Ev &* toig artioioitpovotp iotl 
nivta buxpfoai dt aXXfphov • ofe*, uto A xal to JB 
kcx2 to JH avtwrg&povmv dKXrjkoig. 5. Jtfoix&at yio 
to A rfoa p&wv tovB, xal ndXiv 10AB did t« toS. 
ovyattgioftatog, xal «j$ £ rngojdaewg arturtQtt- 
qafoys ' wravtmg di xal to B r dti tov ovpneya- 
cp*iog } ual vr^AB nfOidowg aftMOtgaufiiw^g, AH 
Si %yv teTB, xal tip B Aiqiiom* dnodtifeac tav- 

1€U$ y&Q *P0.1€ofoixiOig Xf£piftU«£tf /lOPOif • *E(*P OVP 

Xnty&pr to B navtl x$ T wtoo/Mf, xal to T navil 
T» -4 • oviloytvjjibg xrtcntov B nqbg to A. IJaXir, 
ikv l*}<p&jj 9 to fih r navtl t$A, to ds Anaxtl %% B' 
dpdyuij, to JT navtl t£ B vsceo^^ty. !fcV dptpoiiooig dq 
•wovjois vote ovXXeytaudlg i\T A nqotaov; avanodw- 
utog tUyinuu At, yaq hsgen difaiyp&cu f^aav (Sot*> 
Sip tavtr^v dno&ti&ymr, maoai soopiai dsfeiypivcu 
£*' dlXyiw ia* ovr luppdji , *br navtl t$B, xal to 
JB nartl t$ A vndqx*** • dfi<poT8$al f 8 at ngotdoBig 
crnod&dsiypivat kap/idvpviai, teal to Try A dvdyxij 
vnaoxu*. &op*qop oZv, ot* & povotg toig aniatqi* 
qpovoi xvxicp xal dt dlXyktov ivosgttai ybso&at tig 
dnodsliMig- kv 9s toig aXXoig, &ansqnqot$qov elnofiev. 
6. JSfvpfiaivu da ual iv tovtoig avry tw dsixrvpiva) 
ZQfjp&a* nqbg tip inodeitev. To ah ydq r xati iov 
By xal to B xati iov A ddxvvzai, Xyy&iviog iov r 
aati.tovA Xiyao&af to di T 'xati tovAdii tovttov 
dtlxwtai imp itootdamv. "flare if ovfinsQciffftan 
XQ&p*&* nobg *qv anodtibv. 7. 3 Enl d* tuv o?eo4?T*~ 
xmv avkloywfiiv &do dtixrutai 6i Hk^Xmw.^Eatio to 

Digitized by VaOOQlC . 



105 ARISTOTBLIS 

[ib B navti tw T vnagxov, to Si A p,rfiw\ tm B* ovp~ 
nigaofia, ou to A ovderl t« r* ei dy naXw 6si ovp- 
nsgdvao&ai, onto A ovdtvl tip B, o naXai eXaftw 
total to fib A pifltvi to) r, to ds Tnavtl iw B m ov- 
T(u yag avdnaXtv r\ ngotaotg. 8.-E* #', Stt to5iw r, 
del avuitsgavao&at, ovxitt bfiolwg avtujiyBitriov tyv 
A B* r) yag aity ngotaoig, to B ptj&svlttp A, xal to A 
firjdtvl tw B vkag%uv. 9. 'Alia Xrpttiov> (a to A /uiy- 
* dsvl vnagx**, to Bnartl vnagxw sotto, ToAfirjdevl 
tw r vnagxstv, am? V* w avfinigaofia' tp r di to A 
(irjdevl, to B siXrjKp&O) navtl inagxeiv. 'AvAyxq ovr, to 
B navtl tto r vJtaQXBiv. lO^Jlote, tgw* oVtcar, fxn- 
atov avfinigaofia yiyovt 9 xal to xvxXta anoduxrv- 
vou, torn tati, to avfinigaofia Xafipivovta, xctlarA- 
naXw tr\v Itigav ngotaotv, tr}vXomi}v trvXloyi&a&ai. 
11. 'Enl ds iwy iv fiign ovXXoyWfitbv tr\v fib xa&oXov 
ngotaoiv ovx sattv Anod&Sai dice twv htgcov, tt\v ds 
xata fisgog iinlv. 12. "On fib ovx ovx sativ Airo- 
du$ai tt\v xa&oXov, (pavtgov to fibyag xa&oXov d$i- 
xvvtai dia tiav xa&oXov * tods avfinigaofia ovx tffftt 
' xa&oXov del de ix tov ovfinegAqiiatog' 8ei£cu, xal ix 
trjg frigag ngotAosmg, v Eti oXwg ovdi ylvttati ovX- 
loyiofibg, avtiotgaq>slaijg trig ngotaomg* iv fiigu 
yag afiopotegdi yivovtai aingbtAoug. 13. Tqvdsini 
fiigovg tati. dtdeix&co yag to Axotta tivog tov r dia 
tov B. 3 £av ovy Xi\q>&ji, to B navtl t$A, xal xb avfi- 
ftigaofia fifrji' to B tivl t$ T \mAghc yivetatyitg to 
itgatov oxripw *«* *o -^ pioov. 14. M 8i atsgrjtixog 
o avXXoyiopbg, ttjv fib xa&oXov ngotaaiv ovx lor* 
(uScu^ di o xal nqottoov £X£x&*< 15. Try* ikiv pepi, 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOft. LIB. IJL CAP. VI. |0J 

iav uiv opoivg a*jtaigaq>j} to A B, mixta xal inl 
Ttovxa&oXov, ovx tart. 4i&<7iQooXrnpB<ag diioTir oTov, 
q> 10 A Tivl fir} vnagxn, to B Tivl vnagxew. "Mlwg 
y&Q ixomar., ov yiviTai ovlXoyiojibg , diet to ano- 
yauxqv thai ti\v ivpigti ngoxaow* 

CAPUT VI. 

*Ev di tw deVTigta axquari to uiv xaTayaTMO* 

OV* EOT* dti$CU dlU TOVTOV TOU TQOnOW TO di <STtQT)Tl* 

xby soti. 2« To ub> ovv xaiijyogixov oi dtixvvTaidia 
to (it) auq>oxigag tlvaiTag ngoraatig xaxaq>ajixag. To 
yag ov(ineoao(itt origrjTixoy tori • to di xaTtiyogixbv 
4S auqtorigw idilxwTO xaTaqxtnx&y. 3. To di <**•- 
jfrfTixoy wde dslxwrai. < Tnagxsi(a to A navrl tw B, t$ 
di ruqdivt * avunigaoua, tqB t&T ovdsvl. 'Eav ovv 
Xrjy&y, to B navrl t$ A vnaqx***> *$ di r ui]dzvl* 
avayxtj, to A (wfltvl to> JT vnagxuv, jT/yrnx* yag to 
fowtgoy 0XVP a * pfoov to B. 4. Eldi to A B attgi)T*- 
mov ilv<p&W -d-ajegov di xaTtjyogixov to ngmov tarai 
°XW a * TO uiv yag r navrl tw A, to di B oidtvl toJ 
r* war ovdcvlty A toB' ovd' aga t$ B to A* uiaov 
to r. Jti uiv ovv tov ovfintgaauaTog, xal Tf)g uiaig 
ttgojctotag, ov yiviiai ovXloyiouog • ngoaXi)a&tioi\g 
di hiqag, tatai. 5. *Hv di (it) xa&oXov 6 ovXXoyi- 
ouog jj, fj uiv iv oltp ngoxaoig ov dsixvvxai diet tt\v 
aviJ]V ahlav, t)vntg tVnouBv xal ngoxsgov, 6* s fl d* iv 
uign dsi*wTat,0Tav flToxadoXov xarnyogtxiv. *Tnag- 
xir<a yig to [/*iv] A navrl *t<£ B, tw di Tui) navri • 
avunigaoua, Ttvl t$ Tto B ovx vnagxtiv. *Eav ovv 
Xrj<p&fj t to B navtl t$ A, t$ di r ur) navti ' to A 
%ivl t£ r ovx imiglti' uiaov to B*_7 t JS* di iouv f\ 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



108 ARISTOTBLIS 

xa&oXov crreoiyftxi? * ov daijg&jjoBxai yAT nQOxaaig, 
AvxioxQaativxog to* A B. Svpfiaivn yaQ, ij apq>oxs- 
Qotg, fjtfi* btioav nQOtaoiv ylvia&aianoyaxixriv <Sai 
ovx tortn avXXoyuspog. *AX£ bpofag dtW&iicreTcu, ag 
xal inl x&v xa&iXov, iav Xi}(f>$g , w xo J3 tivl ^ 
vnaQX**» to u* Tir* vnaqzu** 

caput m 

'i&rJ de rev xglxov ozqpaxog, oxav phf Ape?6xsoen 
at itQoxaaug xa&oXov Xyipdwotp, ovxivdixcxaiduSat 
Si aXXr}Xm>. To pip yaq xa&bXov dsixvvxai diet xw 
xa&oXov • to Si iv tovtw ovpnigaopaaetxaxa piqog, 
9 Jloxi (pavsgbv, Sxt ovx Mi/nja bXtog detSat Jka xov- 
xov xov azypmrog xqv xa&oXov nqoxaoiv. 2. 'Eav 6 ' y 
. piv rj xa&oXav • q d* iv pi&tv noxi pkv Harm, noxi de 
ovx tijTcu. "Oxav piv ovv t*p<p6xegat xaxfiyoQtxal Xri- 
<p&aoi , xal xi xa&oXov yivyxa* nqbg tg» iXaxxon 
axgy, Zoxaf oxav di ngbg Satigy, oix sax at. 3. 
'Tjxciqz*™ y»g to A navxl x$ r 9 xb 9e B xivi* ovp- 
nigaopa, xo A B. "Eav ovv Xrflp&ji, xi r navxl x$ A 
vndtQXUv, fxrjKjTQCNpsiorjg tip vadoXov xal xo A 
[riv*} tw B, o yv ovpnigaopa • xb piv J* didetxxai 
Tin Tq> B vnaojtHv • xb $i B xivl x<$ T, ov §idetxxcn. 
Kalxot avayxtf, el xb JTwl *$B, xal xb B xivl x$ r 
vnagzttv,. *AXV ov xavxov 4ox* xode x$fo [vJidgxtiv, 
xal xode tw^sJ • aXXa ngooXtinxior, on, si xods xivl 
xtads, xal daxBoop xtvt xutis. Tovxov de Xy<p&svxos, • 
ovxixi, ylvtxai ix xov oypnegjiopaxog, xal xqg kiigag 
nooxaeewg [©] ovXXoyurpog. 4. JEi'di xo piv B navxl 
x$ r, xb di A xivl tcb r, soxai Bellas xb A r, oxap 
J, xb pb JTnavxi.x$ £ vnaqxtiv, to di A rm r , 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. It CAP. VII. 100 

El yuq to rnaptl t& B vnaqxn, to Si A iiv\i& B, 
dvdyxrj, to A fipl tw rinaqxew • ueaor tb B. 5: Kal r 
otav ji % flip xarrj/OQixty fj di owoifTtxij, xu&olov di 
*) xatr^yoqixri' deix&yosiaiykTBqa. ^Tnaqzhmydqto 
JS navtl rto JT, to M A tivl pk inaQxit* ' avpnioa- 
oua, on to A upl tw B oix vndox$u *£apovrnQoa- 
Xrjcp&fi, to r nartl tw B im*Qx*ir 9 *jv di xal toAoi 
navtl t$ B, dvdpctj , to A twl Ty T /*? v^ir. 
Miaov to B. 6"Otar 6#q gteoysiMtj xa&oXov ydrijtat,' 
ov dtlxwrat y ktiou, u pi, wottso ixl t&p noottoop 
\&ri<f>&r\<3av\, iar ly<p&jj, <$ toiuti T*n jiff inaqxn, 
&ar$e6y tivt vnctgxw olop, 4 to fi& A pifitvl 
[yndqx*i] *$ Ft to & B uri ' <FVpLiUaaaua , OTi tail 
rat BtoA oixvnaozti* '•#«* ovp Ityp&jj, ytoAtiptu^ 
tmccQX H > *ovt4p to t 'tipl vnagx^p, **dyxii,tb rtivltQ 
B vnaqxw* l^Alhag d' ovxtotiv intototyovia tip 
xa&oXovnooTfUHV d&iat tip hziqap* ovdaumgyiq *ota$ 
ovXXoyiouog. $. 0a>eoi* aw, ou h fib t*> nqwty 
ox*)!***** V i* uMnl&r d&£ie dtd it tov nomov xal 
tov tqhov ylvttw oxypatog. Kattiyoqtxov pb yeto 
ovtog tov ovpntadapatog, dta tov noatov ottorp*- 
xov Si, dm tov to%&tov Xapfldvttm yaq , $> tovto 
urjdevl, &&UQO* nartl inaQXHv, *Ev b\ rtjp piotp, 
xa&oXov pb ottos tov ovXXoyiapov, b*£ aitov tt xal 
ikd tov notitov oxypmof • oiav4' bpioet, &i aitov 
is xal ota tov iox&tov. *£* Si ttp tatty 61 aitov 
ndvteg. 9. fPayfgiv 3i xat, ou b> tw piacf, xal I* 
tm tab** ol fti} dt ait&v ywofxtro* avXXpytaiioljJQV* 
eta* xata typ xvxly &&&», q at$l&g. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



110 ARISTOTELIS 

CAPUT vin. 

To d* avttotgi^puv i<rtl to (iFtati&sna to ovp* 
nigaapa noiuv top ovXXoyiapbv, ott rj to £*g*v t$ 
fLsow ov% vnagtth y tovto t» tsXsvtaiy. *Avayxy 
yag, tov tivpnegaopLatog avturtgaipivtog,xaltf^eti* 
gag ngoxdatmg pevQvarjg, araiQSio&aitipXoiTvyv. J& 
yap terra*, xal to ovpnigaopa Sbrat. 2. Jiaqpigsi di 
to anntup&tog tj ivavtiag dvtungi<p9(v to cvpniga- 
apv. Ov yag o avtbg yWtta* ovlXoytopog , Sxati- 
gag arttatgay&vtog. AtyXov M tovto $ota$ 5ti tm 
htopivtav. Aiyvt d' avttx&o&at pbv to navt}t$ ov 
navtl' xal to t$vl t$ oidtvL *£vavtlag di ti navtl 
r§ oidtvl* xal to tivl t$ ov tin vtuxqxuv. 3. "£otm 
yag dsduyp&vov to Axond tov rdia piaov tav B. 
MdrjtoA prjdsvl Xtjcp&siTj t£ F vndgxciv, tw di B 
navtl, ovSevl 19 r vnagUi to B. Kal d to uiv A 
pydtrl t$ Titih&iB navtl t$ jf- to A ov nuvtltm 
B, xaloix^SXwg ovdevl* ov yag idtlxwto to xa&o- 
lov diet tovtgivov isxnpatoq. *OXtag di t^v.nqog %% 
fulSovt Sxgy ngotaatv ovx low avaoxevdoai xa&6- 
Xov di &rnotgoqy>)9. Udl yag dvaigiitai diet tov 
rgixov axvficitag' o\vayxi\ yag, ngogtotaxatovaxgov 
Apq?otigag Xafliiv rag ngotdoei?. 4. Kal $1 crispy- 
rixog o ovXXoyioftog iaavtmg m dtdBfydw yag, to A 
prifovi tw rvndgxsw, dm toC B. Ovxovv, iav Xq~ 
<?&$, to A t$ r navtl imagx*** t$di B ptjdsvi' ov- 
dtvlt^TtoB vnagbi." Kal, eitoA, xal to B 
navtl t$r-t6A tivl t£ B • aXX 9 ovdevl vnygxev. 
5. 3 £ctv di avtutHfidvtag avtungayfi to cvpnipaapa, 
*al ol [aXXoi] ovXXoyiottol avuxetpevoi, xal ov k«- 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. VIII. Ill 

&6Xov taovtai. Threat yag % trig a ngotaoig iv jui- 
qu* wrt€ xal to avftns^aafjitt ekat xatit pigog. 6. 
"Bow yag xatijyogtxbg o avXXoyiopbg, xal avTiarga- 
qpqta oi/TO)f . Ovxovv, u to fiev -4 ov navtl tw JT, 
to 5* J? navtl* to £ ov 7r«?T* tw JT* xa*, e* to /i»v.4 
ov 7r«rT# tw r, to de B navtl' to A ov nartl tw J3. 
7. *Opo(ug Si xal, ct &t*gritixog [**iy] © ovXXoytapog. 
JEl yag to A tivl t$ F vnagx*h tip Si B pijStvl* to 
J3 tivl tw F ovx vndgtu, xal ovx cmX&g ovStvl. Kal, 
e! to uh Ai$ F tivl, to Si B navtl, &omg iv ag- 
Xfj 4li}<p&7i • to A t$ B uvl in a gfri. 8. 9 Bnl Si tmv 
iv fiiqit ovXXoyujpmv otav piv avtuteipiv&g avtiatgi* 
qprjTtu to evpnig aofia , avatgovvtai apyottgai at 
ngotdostg. *Otav Sa ivavtlag , ovd$iiga. Ov yag 
Bti a vppatvH ', xa&dntg iv toigxa&oXov, avaigtiv, 
iXXilnovtog tov ovpnegdopeerog xata tip avxhoxgo- 
<pr t v * aX£ ovtf oX<ag avaigtiv. 9. JeSslx&a yag to 
jfxata wo$ tov JT. Ovxovv, iav Xr\<p&ji t ioApi)~ 
Sevl ft% J] vnigxetr, to Si B tail t$ JT* toAt^JB 
tivl ovx vndg&i, Kal, el to A prj&ivl tip F, t% Si 
B nartl* ovStvl to» Fib B. "jlott avaigovvtai ap~ 
tpottg&i. 1 0. *£av Si ivartlwg avtiotgaq>jj, oiSni-. 
get* M ydg to A tip? to? F pr^ vnagx u > *i Si B 
n ami* to B nyl t« J* ovx vvdgtn. 'All* ovnta avrj- 
grjrat to $ vgXVf Mix**** 7*g w* vnagxw, xat 
tcrt prj indgxuv. Tqg Si xa&oXsv vqg A B oXttg 
ov ybnai ovXXoyiepog. JEt yag to fib A tivl tq> 
F py \mdgx** t to Si B uv\ vndgxtr ovdstigaxa&6~ 
lov tStv TTQoiccostoV. 1 J . *0(iolwg Si xal, u ottgift*- 
xbg il'f) o cruXXoyiopog. JEl psv yag Xytp&tin, to A 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



112 . ARISTOTJBLIS . 

nartlty rvn&Qx*w, avfan^vrnxt apyottoai. JEJ 

CAPUT IX. 

*Ev di Ty 9$vrsoy ax^t***™ tjjv /*iv nqog tm /«/- 
Com «*^q) Ttqijctaw ovu sonv ay«A^y itranitag , onro- 
tsoimio&j' Tijjf «yT«0T0OO;w yivofievtig: ael yag taxat, 
to avjuyrepao^tf & t$ to/t^i o£ityu<ro* xadwloi; d£ ot* 
ijr & tovtw avAAo/tapo?. l^y 6** Prepay ouoiag 
ivaiQtioope* %p apuoTooq>$, Aiyto di to o/Wok, « 
jui* bmvtUaq avTUJiqitpsTai, ivavriwg - ft de aynxa- 
fdpttg, amxttfiivmg* 2. 'TnetgxsTco yig to -4 wan* 
T<p jB, tw de JT pi?6W - avpjtiqaaga, to B JH. "Ear 
ovv AiJ¥#fl, to J? rcavT* tw r* vnaQXuv, xal to A B 
fiiyp • %b A nttrfi t$ -T wiaoltt. Itvttai yao to 
TrouTO? o/qpa. - E* di to B navtl iw ^T, to £« .4 ov- 
oW* t<£ JT* to ^ov afoot* ty -B* ajtfi/ia *b cb^tfTQy. 
3* 3 -£oV o** jxyTtxtt/iiVo)? aviiGjQa<pjj %o B T* rj fib> A 
& opofag dsix&i(J*reu • y di A T avTUtuyavrng. £l 
yao to JB tiv* t<5 Z*, to ££ .4 ptidzvl twf* to ^ "tw* 
Ty £ ov* wzaof et. JJmXw, uxi B w* t# JT, to di 
^ KajTtTf J5* to ^f T*y# t£ Z*. °J2ot ayTiteyiixag 
ybttuk o avXXoyujpof. 4. Y>/*o*W W dux&yosnu 
nut, si avanaliy ifroiev at ftoottto*?* 5. £* 6*' Ibnj' 
4n}/Mooi£ o ovlXoyiapie* ivetrjiog pip wxiaTQ&po- 
fiivov tov avimiQuopaToe, ovdtrsQa imp nooxaattajf 
aycufntcu, xa&dmo ovdi iv x<$ nontQ ajftftotTi* av- 
tiHHfUms di, a^otsoat. 6, KUo&m yajq, tqA™ 
fUv B pistol inaQxuv ,*$ di r Mi ' av(mfyaoyu», 
to JBJT. *£&» oip t«#£,to B im t# T vnaox***, 
%<& to ABjieyfl - avfimgaapa iota*, on to A Tiy* 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB, H. CAP. X. Il3 

iwY ovx vn&qx** ' <*l£ °v* &nffl*f t«* *o i$ aflPK. 
*l£p(Hx n M 7**Q w inAqx**** * a * PV vnaqzw. *?(*- 

XiV, d tO B T«>J TAP JT- XOt TO ^ TW$ ?*f F* OVX £(7T«* 

avlXoywpog* ovbiityov yttQ^xv&oXov iwv uXtipui- 
y W. J2ot ov* avaiquxeu to- ^c if. 7. Eav a ay- 
Tuiufiivtog anuytQ* yrjicu , ocvatgovrtm ap<f>Qt$Qai. 
JEX yao to B mxrtl t# T, to 6i A ^tjdtrl tw 5 * ov- 
tfwi t£ r* to -4* ij* £e tivu ■> JldXip , n rb B narrl 
v$ r, to to u* tt>4 t$ >T* lorar wi t£ JB to ^. 8. 
€ H avrti d' anodsiStg, xai, e* to gttftulov ftan^oot- 

*o* «fy. 

CAPUT X. 
9 J^vl 6« tov Tffcov oxnfHttoQ, oTory air ^avc/eaj 
cimorQeyyTou to avfini(^MftH, ovoWoar f»v 7toot<*- 
<jfwv aWtpsircx* x«r ovdeVa t»? oi;AXo^io/HC»y. "Orav 
££ ivtiKUjUvtoq, afMfOTSQCu, xai b anuai, 2. ^8- 
ddx&M yig t *o A tivl t$ JB inayXM " /iww M «Ui$- 
qp0«o to F* eovttoay 0« xa^oAov at itQoruoetf ovx~ 
ovy, tuv Xt)<p&tJ, to -4 w$ t$ £ /tj| viraQx* iy > *o $* -B 
TTayrl tw JT* ov yheroct ovXXoywfiog tov A icara tov 
X*. OMV w to -4 jw fiev £ tip* pjj vn<*QXu> *<? $* -T 
jrorrri, ov* Sorer* tov JB xaJ tov .T ovMo/iaiioc 3. 
'OftoUog di dnx&nv*™* *<*h «* A**J xa<fr6Xov at ffoora- 
actf • *5ff yap, afiyoTigtxg mayicr\ xona pigog tlvtu 
Ziu iris aVTfOTooqpjf?, ») to ma&oXov ngbgxfy iXcmon 
«xo(ji yiveo&ai* ovtw di oin \p ' ovXXoyiafiog, 6v% ir 

Tip TT^WTW OZW aT h OVTip, t% /U8(7W. 4. 'jB«r di «l^ 

Ttxei|tfey«ff arucnQiyovrai at nqoiiottg, avbUQovmxt, 
«/i^)0^eow. 5. £* /ao to- 4 p^diy} T$ ^ i wiiB 
noirr* t$ r* to ^ ovd^vi t^ J> Uakw, ri to ui t# /u^f 
Aai«x* Anal, H 



114 ARIST0TEL1S 

B oi&tpl, i<$ ft r north to B ovdtvltf JTV 6. Kail,* 
q itiQaprixadolov, woavtoig. EiyiiQ*oAfi*}dwpl t« 
B,todiB upI t$ V to u4 w2 t<£ rovxvTta^eu J& 
di tb Aty flip B (iridtvl, t<£ ft rnuril • ovfcri t$ T 
to JB. 7. € Opoi<ag ft xcu, $1 ottontixog i ayXXoytopo?. 
Jidaix&» yao to -4 w* tw B fiy vnayxov tatm di 
xatyyoQixop pip to B r, ct7to<p»ux6p dita A r* ovtv 
yao iytvfto b ovXXoyiafiSg. "Otap flip ovp to ipuxthf 
Iw&jl Ty gvpntqaofiaji, ovx eotoionXXoynffiog, Hi 
yap to -4 wri t$ JB,.to ft £ jr*?* » tj£ J*, ov* q* avi- 
Xoyiofibg tov A xal tov r. Old 9 , tl to A ttpl tcjt B, 
tw dir prjdtvl, ovx yp tov B Xal tov T avXXoyuffiog. 
"JI018 ovm ipatqovvtiu al itQotitetg. &."Otap di to 
irtixdfisyoPy avatQOvrtau Etyao to An«Ptlt$B,*al 
to B wantl t$ r* to A t£ rnovtL *A$ ovdevl vnrjp- 
jp, JlaXip, si to A nanl t$ B, t$ ft rfirjdBpi' to B 
'* ovdtvl Ty .T* alia aayT* v^o^cr. 9- 'Ofioiag ft ft/- 
*rt/i«*, *a* el /119 ya£-oAov e*aw' at pooTaan?.. IY*>«- 
to* yio to .4 J* *a#6iov t« xa« atto^ttxop • •d-a.tt^op ft 
4*» piQQvg xal xaiTjyoQixov. EifiipovptoAnaptl t<J 
i?> to ft £ twJ t£ P* TO w4 W* T$ jT OVflfiatPU^ *AX£ 
evd$pl vTtfjQXt. IJpXip, d to A naptl t& R , t<* di f 
fif\d*pi' to B ovdsvl tfpr[}'xe$to di npi}AO.BidiTo 
A tip\ t& 35, xa* to B rm t<£ r* oi yipttat ovlko- 
yiGfiog* oid' f u to A tipl t<a B,t$ ft r^dfvi* oid\ 
ovxiag. ° Start ixsipoag flip apaioovptai • ovt« d 9 ovx 
ipaioovptaialnqotaaug, 14. #ayf po* ovy &a tcSv el- 
ftjfiipw, njug, apttatQs^ofiiyov tov ovfmsoaajiatQg, 
ip kxdaty oxnfiOLU yip^tat avXXoyujfieg' xal, not* 
ipjuptkis.tp noot&au, xvl, noTtapuxtifiipiog'xal^ox* 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XI. 115 

h flip rw ngmr» o^ijjuaTi b\i tov itfoovxai Toil^a- 
tov yivovieu ol wiloyiOfAol* xa\ q pfr nfatmilaT- 
Towaxpw a«} &a tov pc'oov oWia&Trai* if 6*» irgig 
to) p$i£ovi di& tov fozdvov ^Wif JhwiQtpaxwa- 
t* 6*ia tov ojowtov *»* to€ logcrrov • .«a* ij /rie* woof 
rm Harrow **(*« »e» 6*«a tov ngottov axvf* ^ ^" 17^8 
frpo? tw fitiSovi dtot tov iox«TOV to & T4& toi't^ om* 

TOV TFOOtTOV X«2 TOV flbOOV • MX* fj, [UP Tigogiy flsi£oVl 

to dux tov nomov * ^ dinobg t<J5 Matron ail dia tov 
fiisov. 12. Tl flip ovv ioxttQ arturtQiyuv » xal n&g 
ir lx«trr« ozni**iit *al tig ylvna* QvXXoyuspbs, ©pa- 
r«?oV» 

CAPUT XL 

orctK ij i*yt{<paotg te&jj tov ovfin$giofi»tog, *«* irooo- 
Xff(p&jj Skltf ngotaatg. rivtxott d* iv Sndai tolg ox*j- 
ftaotv* "Opoioy ydg Am tjj, 6\ytungo<pfj • nXy* dtoxpi- ' 
get toeovtov, on «viioto4*ptT«i put ysytrfipbov tov 
avXXoytafiov, xetl ilXijfip&wv «fiO}oXv tw ngotdotoiv' 
anoryeiou da tig to ettivrtttov,ov ngoofioXoy^&irrog tov 
Strtixuphov ngvtsgov, ctXXot (pctrsgov ortog, on aXij- 
$ig~ Ol de Soot opolag %XQV<uv.h> ip<p6lv, xctl tj avrrj 
iTHpi? afHpot&QW. Olov, ** to A narti tw B vndgxn, 
pioov di to JT* iir vnott&ft, to A [ jj } /m^ aa?Tft,j 4 
pil$ir*Tip>B 4niQZH*,*$ &* rnani, omg \v aXif&ig* 
ivayuT), to jTt$ B tf fiifinft, % fir) itotrti VJimgxnr* 
Tov jo 6H idvvenor. IftoTt ymvdog vovnoitdky. 'AXti&ig 
Stga ib arrntitfjuvor* *Opolo>?&& *«J inl aXXwv o%n- 
parw Soot yug artt<ngo<pvv dsxtjon, xat top $u* tov 
afatyarov evXXoywuor* 21. Ttofib ovvatXXmngoftXn- 



116 ARISTOTELIS 

patanaptB'dihirv-tat.&i tov a&vvatov h MffiToft 
o/iJ/uohm. To 6* na&oXovxartiyoQixop iv ph r& ptotf 
uul t£ xqhy dt/xrvrar & di t£ noony ov Mxwtcu. 
3. c 1Hox«/o£» fmo,.%oA %$B (ai» nmvtl, ij pqo'a'i 
vmvojreix, *cu noovttAqplxii cuUiy reo ortxot? J>kot«o<»- 
^wow, f?tt ?<p ^ way?* vnd^tiy to I", fSfre to JB 
frarrl t^i ^ Ovco /ap «v sty to bouto? Ofy/M*. £» 
ply ov? wtaxuiai, py itavxl viuKQ%uy to .4 t$ .B, ov 
y/»cT0i avittqptfjpo?, oTioxeo^evovy t$s ngotmown 
lafifiawpipf^g. 4. JE* Hfiifiwl* ozuv ph %& d nipt- 
liW&p, oviXoympw f**r ecraat tov yavbovg, ov dd- 

UrVTGUrd* TO 7lDOXtlf£6VOV. JSl /«0 TO -4 prjdsvl TW 5,10 

oe 5 kbit* Tfti z/, to -4 ovd*vi.v$~ A. Tovto &i «rra» 
povyaiop* 9%v£of «pa to injdtoi t$ BvoAvnaqx* ir 

il£ OVXif %l TO fl7}dtvl ftftfoc, TO OTWT» ailj#&. 5. 

*J£«f ^i if iT ^ Trpooiffftp^fr ov ylvw&k ovXXoyuifwg, 

Old \ OTtttt Vff0Tt#9f v ^ *«»* « T$. J3 V7WfX* lV ™ -&*> 

6* JUno.qtnveobv, out to roe**} VJia^flW ov ^stovTOi 
•fr t$ wfwtai axvpcnt &« to& aoWtov. 7. To&'ww, 
*a» to fwjto*}, xoi to ^. Karri oeAcwrttf . . »• 'ftro- 
*«/o#o» yif, to -4 pijdW to3 B V7r«$gw to dtBu- 
Xrfl>&<>mt*inl, i) Tt«t t» P [v7tct0£<iy?» Ovxowftyayxi;, 
to -4 /wj *rowi*, rj prjdtvl t$ r wrap/ft*** Tovto $ j 
advvmwSjEotm /«p [TowwJcUi^if xaiqportyoiv or* 
long V7z<xq%h to ^ «$ JV *!ftoV, «i tovto yea/dos, 
avdyxijtjo A<wi «j> B vmxfXEiy. 9. tEoV #« *oo$ to 
w4 At?qp£*j % ktiou nQQTeHug, ov* Iohcm ovlXoyivpoq. 
10. 0v&*, otow to ivartloy t$ ovpneojiiffwai AWo- 
t*6S5, olojr, to ran fi^ vn&Qxtv* Qmnob* OVV^ 01* TO 
ayTM^c^oy voodoo* 11. J2oU« vnoHilg&u, to ^ 

Digitized by G'OO 



ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. H. CAP. XL 117 

%iy\ t$ B vnctyxw slXrjcp&*i di, to T nartl t<S A. 
lArayxti ovv, to rnvl r$B vna$x*w. Tovto detotto 
advratov. "Jl<m i/xv&og to vnortdiv. JSi 6e owe*?; 
aly&ig to uydsvlvnaQXW. 12.*Q(iolugbHxal, elors- 
qijtixov 4Xi)xp&ij tor A. l&Eld* f} ngbg rw B iltj<f>&ii 
ngotaistg, ovx satat ovXXoywpog. 14. *JSar di TO 
ivavtlov tmoTs&p, ovXXoyiopbg pk* total, t xal %S 
advvatov* ov dtlxvvrai di vo nootifrnr. l&.'TnouU- 
ad& yitQ, nartl t$ BtoAvnaoXW ualzo JF t$Au~ 
Xrjq>&ta nartl. Ovxovv atdyxri, to r nartl t$B inao- 
%uv. Tovto di advvatov. 9 &<m ytvdog, to nartl t«u B 
to A v7T(XQx* iy ' <*X£ ovnut %* avayxaidv, u fiq nap* 
%l, (itidsvl vnaQXHv. 16. 'Ouofag di, x$r*d nobg to 
B Xricp&tif} t) Moa noot&atg. SviXoywpbg air yio 
Motai, xotl to &dv*patov ovx avaioutai de ij vno&taig: 
"Jlats to atTMufievoy tino&ttiov. 17. Hgog di to u*i 
navtl du£ai vnagxop tm B to A ino&ttiov, navtl 
vnagxuv. JElyag to A mxvtl tw B, xal to JT navtl 
1$ A • to r navtl tw B. °Jlot, si tovto advvatov 9 
yjsvdog to VTtott&iv. 18. *Ouotog di xal, *inobgt$B 
lT}(p&dr] ff ktiga nqotaotg. 19. Xal, el'OttQfitixbv sVy • 
%b T A, woavnog. Kal yao ovtm ylvitai ovXXoyi- 
oaog* 20. *E*v di nobg t£ B % to ottorpt-xbr, ovdto 
deixrvtai. 21* *Eav di firj to nartl, aXXot to tiv$ 
vnagzwt vnote&tj, ov dslxvvtai, oti ov nartl, ccXX ]% 
ot* ovdtvL El yao toAtuB iirl, to di V nartl tip A, 
nvl t$ Btb rvaao&t. El ovv tovto advpatov* yttvdog 
to tin vnagxw *$ B to A. "Jlat iXij&ig to uqdwL 
Tovtov di dttx&srtog, ngooavaiontai to aXij&ig' to 
yao AtcpB ttvl uiv vnv\QX*» Twl$*ovxynriQX**'" £l$ 

Digitized by dOOQlC 



lift ARISTOTELIS 

dt ov /taea xtpvno&Bot* ovpflalyuto ddvvator* y*v- 
dog /tip av tty *tn$q i$ airjd&y ptj iozi yevtiog ovX- 
Xoykao&ai' vvv &i iotip dXi}&4g • vtx&qxu ?Uq to A 
till if B. "flax oix vne&ttiov totwi vndoxw, aXXd 
to navtL 22. 'Opolc&g tii x*l, e??tx* py vnaqgop %$ 
B to Atisuivvoiptv. Etydoxavxo, xotLnptjvjrd^xup, 
mal-py navxl vitdoxw q avtq ctpcpolv dnotiuStg* 23* 
rtaveoivovp, oxioitoivartiov, dXXdxodnucelpever, 
ino&itiov iv Snaa* tolg ovXXoytopolg. Ovxa> yaq %o t 
t% avayxaiov €<ttcu, xal to d$la>pu hdo$ov. £i yaq 
xata nartog fj uatatpaoig, % y anoyaetg* &*£&*- 
xog, Sn ovx q dnoqtaaig, <W/*q, tt)y xotxdtpaat* 
dXfj&ivto&eu.. JldXiy, $1 prj T/d^aav aXtj&tvw&at 
%i]p xaxdcpaoiv, tptiolov, to ilt&oai tijp dfteyaotp. 
To ti 9 baptiop oidexioug ctQpoxx&i a&&aa*. Ovxsyaq 
itpayxatop, u xo pydwl yttv&og, to naptlaly&ig* ovu 
h>do$ov, ug, el &at€oov yevdog, on ddtsgop dXq&ig. 
24. &apeoov +vp, Sri dp* t$ no&xy oxqpaxi tit ph 
aXXa nao^Xripata ndrva tietxpvtai did tov advra- 
tov, to tie xa&oXov xaxacpetrwov ov tisixvvxau 

CAPUT XII. 

*Ev tie i$ piaco xal t$ &r/«ra> xal tovxo titlxrv- 
T«n. c 2Vroxe/<rf-a> ydo, to A fii} napxl ty B vndoj($tp • 
eU^^co 9i, t$ rnavrl vnaQxnv to A. Ovxovp, situ 
phB {hrdoxu toApq navxl, t<p dsT navxl' oi 7ra>- 

T* T(M B TO r. TOVTO tit advPUtOV' CffTO) yUQ tyUVBQOVi 

oti tw B navtl vndoxsi to F. "JloTEipevtiog xovnoxti- 
ptvov. 'AXff&ig Sou to navtl vndoxtiv. 5. 'JEap tit to 
ivavxlov vnots&p, ovXXoyiapog piv 69xai,xaltoativ- 
vator* ov pq? falxwxatxb nooXE&iv. E\ ydoto £ pr\- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



AN ALTT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XIII. 1H> 

d$yl T<j* B, i$$l rmxrti* ovti&i twBto JT. ro«To#e 
advyatov. "jlortiptv&og to /uqdw* wraggwr. *AXX*ovxh 
ti tovto ysttfoft to nartl alri&fa 3. "Ora li twt tf 
J3 vnagxujoA* vnottdo'dw, toAjt^dtvi'tu B vmxo- 
Xtinr t$ Sir *artl vnaQxitM. 'Avot/xr) ow, to JT/ui?- 
dsvl t$ B* wot*, <i tooto advyatoy, aroptrj, to ^< to4 
t# J3 vthxqxuv. A.' Ear d$ vnoTt&p, tu4 ^ vn&qxur 
ravw earat, ansQ xal inl tov n^arrov ojfflpirtog. 5. 
ITetliv vnoKtujdia , to A ttvl t<S B vn&gxnv * tiJ ^a 
T pydty* VTtKQX*™' *dv<*y**l ow, to Tito & wi ftij 
vmo/«fy. *AXla nuril vnrjgx**' "&OT8 ytvdog to wo- 
t«#*V. Ovdtrl aqa t&BtqA vxag&i. 6. "Git $i 
ov rtanlrm B to A, vnoxslo&a, nartl vftwo/sj*, ?» 
£a J" prfiivL 'Avayxtl ow, to JT juqow} t» .B vnraf- 
;pf iv. Tovto tfs a^t/yotTO^. "/Iot aAi}££$ to /uij k«?~ 
t* vnagxw* 7. dtaysooi' ow, St* nayteg ol ovXXoyi- 
a/iot tfivovtat dm tov jidoov oxwatog. 
CAPUT XIII. 
*Ojio!<»g $e xal did tov iaxtxtov, Ktia&to yaQ t to 
^t tiv* JtpB pi) vn&LQ.xuv l TO bkT noml* to SqaAtirl 
Tip J> ovx vjr«o|*fc. .E* ovj> tovto uSvvctrov ytvdog to 
tim ptj vjtaQXtiy. "Jlws akq&tg to Harrf. 2*^^ ^i 
vnots&if , pydtvl imQXW ovXXoyiopog fiiv terra*, 
KalTovdvvctTov ov dttnyvTcudeTonQois&iv.'EityyicQ 
co havtiov vnott&y tavtn torai, axeo *** 4nl rmr 
ngottpoy* S^AUuTt^og tow* vndfxuv avxr\X^ntitt 
i\ vno&soig. Eiyaq tiA fiifdsy} t$B, to dsTTivlrm 
B* toAvv nan* tt} JT. M ow tovto ytvoo?* *Xt}&ig 
to A t*W t<5 B vn&Q&ly* , 4» "Ore Si ovdsvl t» 
B vni$%u to A' w«iff^»j «w w«f ^w* «U^V^«» 



Digitized by dOOQlC 



130 ARISTDTELU 

6a uaito rnarri t$ B inaQjpv. Oimovp Sn^, 
to ^# w2 t£ JT wrvfgctjr. !rfiX' ouocr) inyox**. "flan 
y*v$og to w* t$ B*o A for aqz*iy- 5. 'jBw «>* wro- 
*«£#, notptt zyBvndyxHr to A, ovduxvvtmi to 4*00- 
ti£*V. 6* 'Alia nfhg to pij Karri wito0£ca> o#Tq 
Xiprti* y vna&toig. El yao so -4 tew*} tw .B, xat 
i© JT* wi t£ & loAvndfz******' *$r* tovto di ov* 
q*. "jleji ytufo? Tb.m*xbvnaQxnv. -Ei d* ovtwg, 
ilq&eg to prj Tiavxi. 7. 'JEw* fli vnort&fi, t*f« 
ixaqxti*, %av% carat, a xat M way nooetfij/tctVttJ'. 

8. ^ayftooy ovv, or* 6? unaoi roig dti tov ativ- 
vmxQV ovXXoyiopoig to amxslfttvor ino&stiov. 

9. J^lw ds **l, ou & to jusow oxcart ddxyv- 
*a/ xw? to xaraqpauxor, xat 4* t$ la£ar$ %o *a- 
&iXov. 

CAPUT XIV* 
JuxtpfyH diq tig to advrortor anodufrg ti}$ oWn- 
x^rw ti&ipou, o (fovXetat ava^Stp and y ova a dg 
ZpoXoyovfAivov ytvdog • r\ ds tiuxrixt) aWeTa* 4£ ©fto- 
lo^oi/pcwx ^eatw. Aafifiotvovat pip ovp apgxyreoa* 
dvo itQox*oug ipoXoyovftfrag • cUA'17 /««*, tf£ o>* [o] 
OOJUo/ta^uoc * ij H ftiav pip xovxm, filar Si vqp ay- 
%iqm<siv %ov ovpm$aapmtog. % Ketl ev&a ph ovx 
avftyxq, yvmqtpop elra* to avpniqaapa, ovdi voov- 
nolapfiapHp, 'wg lor*?, ♦) ov. *!fi>#a W c&vyxtj, wg 
ovx sou. Juxyifsi di ovdiv, qnkOtv ij anoyafftp e?xaj 
to avpntywsp* • aiU* hpoUag €%n ittql ipq>*%p, 3. 
Xftay Oc to dcixxtxaK ovfin$if4uv6fttpov x«J tf*« tov 
odtffaTov dtix&yotTar *cu to ^ta tov a (JiWtov 6e«Tt- 
KWf • xoi ^mx twx avTvp ogvp, ovx *• to*c oitolg $k 

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ANALYT. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XIV. 121 

<ttfW**<w- 4. "Ota* per yag b avXloytofibg faty 
7tQb>T<p vxW**** y&ytw to cdri&ig Marai r\ iv t$ 
fiitju, rj bin ioxdty * to psv oregynxov iv t$ pi- 
oa> • to de xmrjyoQixov h tea ioxdtm. "Otav de iv tw 
fieata t] b ovXXoytopog* to dXy&ig iv <r<g» ngmtfo M 
ndvttav t&vngofiXfifidtefv. "Otav d* iv tw iaxdt(o o 
ovXXoytopog • to dXij&ig fa tw ngmta, nal tw fiiocp • 
ta fib natatpattna fv tw ngmroy tit .da otsgrjtixa 
iv Tw/ieW. 5."£aTfi> /a^ dsdtyfisvov, to ^ fiqdsvl, 
jj py navtl t<p B, dia tov ngfotov oxrjfiatog. Ovnovv 
ij /u«V wxodaug ij*, mrf t$ JB vndg%siv to A' to di V 
iXaftfiivtto tw /u*y u* mx>?} vndgxstv, tw fli J? ov* 
tf«W. oStw yap iylvsto ovXXoyiopoQ, nal to advvatov. 
Tovto di to nioev ajnper, ** to T tip psv A navtl, 
tw de jB fAijdsvl vndgxu. Kal q>avsgbv in toyttav, ou 
ovdsvl t« Byndgxu to A. 6,'Opotwg dinal,sifijj 
navtl did s una i vnaQXsiv to A. 'jl psv ydg vnod talg 
iot», navtl vndgxsiv • to di V iXapftaveto tw ps» A 
navtl, t$ di B ov navtL ?. Kal, si ottqurtnov Xa/i- 
§dvovto to V A, wjttxrtwg, Kal yag ovtq) ylvstai to 
pioov agfijjfux. 8. lldXiv dsdstx&w tivl vndgxov t$ B 
to A * y jiir ovv vno&eoig, fi^evl vndgxsiv • to de B 
tXapfiavsto n.avtl t§ T vndgxsiv, *«* to A i\ navxV, 
% tm twT. OUtw yog eataitbddjivatov, Tovto di to 
toxatov oftjjpa, si to A nal to B navtl tot J*. Kal 
(pavsgav in tovttav, on avdyntj, to A tivl tw B vndq- 
Xuv* 9. € Q(toitog di nal, eftm *<S rXr}<j)&ur) vndgxov 
to B, f t to A* 10* ndUv nal iv t$ piotp oxf\\nuti ds~ 
dslx&wtb Anartlty Bvndgxw- Ov*o\\vvnisvvno&t~ 
oig yv, pi navtl x«f B t£ A fy&qxw \ sXXnimm di, 



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122 ARISTOTBMS 

to A nwx\ t«J T y xal to T navil x 9 B ' . ovtoj yif 
laxairh advpaxvp. Tovxodi,xbBQwxorax%pa, **ioA 
napxl xf r, xal to JT navxl %% B. 11« 'OpoUtg M 
xal, tt run didsutjoi vacfo/op. c JBr fUx /co vno&wii 
f\v, pijdtvl x$ B xiA VTzaqxw ' ti1i)*rai di, to ^ 
nam t$ jP, xal to JT* tiW t« JB. 1$. JS* diortf gT«w 
o avlXo/io/ioV h H& vno&eatg, xoAxivl t« JBwrcto- 
%uv • tTXynjat di fxaij, to .4 ftf}dtvl rca J*, *a* to T 
stout* tw J3* coots ylvsxcu to KOftJTor o/jjpa. 13. iCott, 
£• pij xa^oAov o ovlioyioftog, alia to -4 ***• tw £ 
dddttxxai py vnagxtiv, iaavxag. 'Tnodsaig pip yaf, 
navxl xf B to Avnaqx&v* Eilqnxat di, to ^/mQ&rt 

T$ jT, Xflrf TO J* Tiy* TW J3. Ol>TOJ /CO TO KOMIO? Ojpjj/ia. 

14. JlaltP Ivt^to/toj oxypari dtddx$Q) t z6 A Bard 
Tw £ vxaQxttv. Ovxovr tj pb> vno&eatg yv, /uq mm* 
ty B to A vn&Qxuv. EtlqTtxw di, to r navxl t$ J3, 
xou to u4 wair* tw J* # ovtoj yio fcrra* to advraxov. 
Tovxo di to TtQWToy ax^ua, 15. € JZoavT«s di xal, u 
M xivog n anodnSig* 'Hpi* pao ino&wig Zcrtai, /*tj- 
d*y* to) £ to ^ vnagxHv* tflqnxai di, xoTxivl toJ JB, 
*a* to A navxl x<$T. 16. Z& di orioqTtxo? o avlAo/t- 
a/io's* iiiQ&iatg ftb, to ^f T*v* t£ £ vnagx^ur tZlqnjcu 
di, to JT to? /uwu* pridevl, t£ diBnavxL Tovxo £i to 
/«W cyr^/iff. 17. 'Ofioiwg di xal, si py xa&olov ij 
aitodegig. € Tx6&ioig piv yio taxat, navxl t©J B to A 
indqxw eVXtjntaids, to JTt£ pb Api)devl, t» diB 
xtvi. Tovio di to fiiaov ox*lt*<*<> 18* &avtgbp ovr, 5w 
dta T&v avzuv qqmv xal dtutxtxug iax* duxvvvut %<*>* 
nQoplnpaTuv txaoxov, xal diet xov idvvatov. 19. 
'Opofag di f(TT0M £ xal faixxixwv j>vtwx§v qylloyt- 



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ANAL. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XV. 123 

Ofri&r, tig abvvatov inayuv iptolg iU^ftftixo€g iooig, 
otax ij arnxttfiivi) nqixaoig i& ovpntgaop&ti Xtj+ 
gj^jj. rhovxai ydg el avxol ovXXoyiOfiol toig diaxijg 
avxiotgoqyrtg. "Slots tv&vg fyoptr xal ta oxtjpaxa, Si 
wv soxaiSxaoxov. 20* Jr\Xov ovv, ox max ngofiifjfjia 
dtlxwtm xat &pq>oxigovg tovg xgonovg, did t$ tov 

aSvxdtOV, Xttl d6IMTMUQ * Kfli 9VX MtytTttl XWQ&r 

o&4u toy ittgop tov Mgov. 

CAPUT XV. 

*£p nolta de ax^fiatl iotiy IS dpttxtifiipwp nootd- 
oiwx ovXXoyloao&ai, xalivnolw ovx totix, <5o*' totai 
9 w«?eV. 2« Myxa $*, apttxu/uvag ngotdastg that 
xat a fdw tip Xi$ix thtagag • olop, to itaxxlt^ oidt~ 
pi, xal to naptl tea ov naptl, xal to tm t$ ovtifvl, 
xal toxtvi t*> ov Tin. Kat ily&tiap M tons* to 
ydg *m t$ ov tm xata ttjp XiSiv dptlxuiai fiopor: 
Tovxarr d* ixaptlag uix tag xa&oXov, to naptl typy- 
tievl inigxux • olop, to naaav iniox^pr\v that onov- 
dalax t^ftffdifilay thai anovdalap • tig di aXXag dp~ 
iixutiipag. $. *£p flip ovp Tip bomxm <rj|ft/u<ro 'ovm 
tottx H irnxufibw* ngotdowip ovXXoywfiog , ovtx 
xatatpatixog, ovte dnoyaxixog. Kata<patixbg . pep, 
oxtdp<potigag xaxacpattxag dr% ilxaitag ngotdong* 
al ydruxslfievai <pdoig xal dnotpaoig • otegijtixog Si, 
oti ml (jtbravxixtipsycu to avxb tov avtov xattyyogova* 
xaldnagvovvxar tod 3 if tw nqwica oxqpaxi pioop ov 
Uyitaixax aptpolv • aXX* ixtlp6vpb> aXXo anaov&tai, 
*itb d$ aXXov xatrjyogtltw avtat d' ovx dvxUiwxat. 
CAPUT XVL 
• *Er Qi t$ /^a) o^paxi xal 4* tSv yptixtipipw** 



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124 ARISTOTELIS 

mal in tmp ipuvxiw ipdi&tm, yfoso&vu ovXXoyta^w. 
2. v Eot& yao aya&bv pip, 4a? ov A inmrifiri di, 
4a> ov B xal r. E* di) naoav imoTTjprp' xrxovdaisn 
MXafitxal putyUmv xi Aza B nuvtl vouggis, xm 
*«) r ovdtvL "Jlon to B t$ r ov&evi • ovd§p£a o$a 
4Kiaiqfi% iTtietTjfirj lath. 3. 'Ofioimg di kai,*i, na- 
eap Xafiwv anavdmlav %ip \moixi\v firj OMevdahf 
flafie. Tw fxiv yao B nwrtl to A, t« di T pvdm. 
m Slott r\ rig imiotjiitq ovx eorat inMnqufj, 4. &<d> 
«* %$ fib r nanl to A, zip ds B pydepi • opt* di to 
fih B, imortjfjtr} * to di r, iecxgixr) • to di A, vnokx- 
ifttg. Ovdeplup yaq intatffjAtiP vnoXt^ap Xafl&r, &• 
Xijq>e,xipa intoxqftqp that vnSXiftHv. Jtaqdgst di xov 
naXai tw 4tiI tuy oowp mrtiatgi<fsv&ai'ngat$Q0p(UP 
fag nob; rw B, ?vv di ngbg t§ JTto xaxaxpaxix&p. 5* 
Xctl, day p ut) ua&oXov tj htio* ngoxaotg , «5<rflrfr*r 
oil fig to ftiaov iaxlp, a otnb &mrigovpip unoqiaxir 
xmg Xiyetai, xaxa &atigov di nuTayawmg* 6. 
"Jim 3 ipddxmu, xa apxuulfupa *BQ*lpw&m* nlt}V 
ovn atl, ovdi n£nmg: all' titpovtmg %$ iu vno to 
I&op,omjt q xavxoruyat, ij oXop ngig pigog. 'jtXXM 
di advpaxop • ov yao toovxat ovdapug al ngoiaeug, 
ovre irapxiai, ovi apximtptpa*. 

caput xm 

Ep di t$ xglxta oxyftan xaxaopattxog fib avl- 
Xoyuspog otidinox laxat i$ • artixupbtop izgoraozvp, 
diet xyp ngougjjusPtjp ait tap xal inlxovngtaxovozn- 
paxog, Unotpaxixog di warm, xal xa&olov , xat pi\ 
ua&oXov twp oqupoptwp. a.^Eorw yao int(n^fiij,i<p 
ov B xal r* iargtxn di, 4<p % ov A. El olv Xapoi n 5- 

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ANAL. P % RIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XVII. 125 

gov UxTQiKijr im<nqpi\v, xal fiijdefUai* latatxtiv ini~ 
arrfuw to B na*tl t$ A, tutf??*, xal %b r ovdevh 
<S<jt $<rrcu tig iMtatwypq ovx imaf^it^ 3»V?/«Ofa>£ 9i 
xal, 4a* firf ft«&o2ov Iqty&ji q A B TtQeiamg. Eiya$ 
iorl Tig latqui% tmatqmii • xolniliv pfjdtpki iajgixtj 
iittmqptf qvpfiulvu, fotcrwj^v rtva pq thai im- 
evflfiiiv.. 4+ £i<d 9i, xa&ilov piv r&yj^wf lapftowo- 
fisywr, hmtiai at npaidatiQ • $1 di iv piqu ar$oog, 
jxvwxilpmmu 5. J£ 6**0*09*0*%*, on iv$i%s%ai piv, 

OVT»T« WTUttifUlttthtpfluVttV, &OTT99 d'TtQfitV , JIO- 

aew iniovfftMp oarevfaiW shot, xal. naUv, ovdtpla*, 
% wa pri,07roviuktr * aaeo cftrx eiWa lar&avw. jEoti 
#e xal V ftta* fywrtjfiemw at/Xilo^/aokJ #a* &dtsoQP' 
r\ xal, <5$ h wig Tomxofc iUx&y, lafielv. 6. 'jaw* 
£» taJy Kcttayaotcar a$ iyn&iotig tq&g * !£ff#w$ at/|*- 
(Jarrei %j» aViw/awa Xapfldynv, *} Trayr} -xal fM?fo~ 
y], r? jrair* xa2 ju^ nanl, y ml not prfitvl'xal tov- 
10 avnaroiyai Inl i&v ogtor, Olov, to A nartl t% 
JB, ti3 di rfiySwl* q t$ rnayt},t$ d&Bpqd&l* n t<? 
pkv napxl, tw ft p? naviL Kal ndXiv tovto avn- 
OTgiya* xa.T» *ov$ cqovg. *Qpoleog ft *a2 iii* iov tql- 
rov qgifyiKW. Ifian ajoMf o?,. o?a£&$ i^xa^ noioig 
oznpaoip to&xttoi &tu %S*ih atzutstpfrtiv nqojaaimx 
ybreo&ai ovlloyiofiov* 7* toovtyirt d', on xal i* 
yevtw* [pi*]ivrtv aliftig ovlXoyiaaa&at , xtt&dnsQ 
iXQipai TryotBQOP *-£rft t&v otru*9i[t&mv oix tarty. !4ei 
yaf baxzlog 6 ovXXoyiofiog yivnai t$ nquypati* 
olov, unemva/a&iv, «ij $foo*aya&6w * ^, ei&5oy,^ 
Color ' fta'cO' ^ aVTt9>adco»$ «Tra# w' ovXXoyiopov 
xol toig VTtoxtipbovg iqovg y rovg vvtovg $l*vi'ij 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



120 ARlSTOTELIS . 

tbvfthoXov, tirdi uioog. 8. JyXopdinal, on h tot* 
naoalopaaoXg ovdsp x&lvtt, ylpto&ai tygvno&dotug 
6rtt<pctow *olor, si Moi$mfmip,uq ehaintotttor. *£* 
faq t&v amxuftivfay nqoxaawp hartUg.^y I eyXXo- 
ftauog. 9 Eap ovp XafirjToi*via$ t iata$T7Jsvn6&Jotw 
drtiyaots. Q.J&di uataro&r, Sti ovtm air ovx low 
traptta ttvumoapao&cu #*£ trie evXXoytouov, £art 
dpai to avanioaoua, to uif or ayador aym&op, y 
Silo w totovtor, tap ftfj tt&vf 4 nqitaotg toiavti\ 
ItlV&ji • olor, nap &op •&«* Xnmhp xaifi^ Uvxop, th 
6i Sp*Qwt*p fao*. *JA£ ij nqolafl&p iutip arrkpa- 
aip ' (olop, ott nana btunyiir) vnoXf^g ual oif «wo- 
tiWK j $ltalafl$tp, Sr$ y UnoiM* inifti**, p&itmp, 
ovdepia di vtioXijw Sons? oi BX*yz<H yirortou-) $ 
& dvo avXkoywuw. "J2ot« di thai ivartla not «Xf 
&uap ta tlXfifipira, oin four alX&r i$6nop y j TO J- 
*or, na&amg tfy^rat ngotsaop. 

, CAPUT XVIII. 

To « «V «*;£ catOoSa* ual iauflipm Ian *tV, 
«C fr ;w« *a/fcj>, tV t$ ^^T anoduxrvpa* to naexd- 
p&or. 2.TofaotohuovuPa4r$inoll* x »g. Kalyttg] 
el oX<ag uij <rvlXoy%e*tu , xal u di aypwnotig»r, 1j 
ouofag afr&jtMr, ual ti dta t&p iatiour to nqon-* 
gov- n T*9 *nofo&e hi ntototdgmr ts nal naotiqmp 

f?**l T » **?* **** °** °**** **** *• ******#** *o £ 
a?/fc. Utt', fad t« ju«y tf ovrwr m<pvxB yvtaofa- 
o&at, ti di di &XX«p • (at M «V y^g ao jrf tf ^ 
t£* • ri di vno tag ioxag X £llmp •) Star to ui d? 
avun ypwortliavto* t* imxn^ daup4va h t6tm 
iWfttTO to $ «o^^. 3. aovto Si Am /u^o&wjro^ 

Digitized -by CaOOQlC 



ANAL. PRIOR LIB* II. CAP. XVIII. 127 

&v,&ot BVxhvra&toomroTtQOxfiptyor. 'Eydixttsttdt 
*al, ustafiaytag im aXXa ana *my napvxojuv dt 
ixslyov debtvva&m, dtatovts»yanodstuyvyattb #«o- 
XV$*, Oioy, si'tb^d 9st*yvo$to dta tov B, to ds B dim 
to v If to ds rmyvuig sty dslKyvo&atdta tov A * ovfi- 
fiaiysiyig,avto diiavtov toAdsutviyaitoigovtttovk» 
XoyiZofdvovf* "Onsg notovafy of tag nagaXX^Xovg oii* 
fispoi yoaq>siy» Aav&ctyovai yog avtol kavtovg , to*- 
avia X&fifietyovTtg,a ovx olor ts anod&Sat, urj ova&y 
tow TtetQtdlrjXm'. "flats totg ovtto ovXloyi?ouiyo% 
ovpfalvti, sxaotoflsysty thai, si lotwtnaotov ov- 
70 di Smay satai &i aitov yy&Gtop • onsg idvyatov*. * 
4* Moiy:ng,*diilov oriog, Unto A vttvqxh Tip T r 
ofioiwg di not, ourtp JQ, aitolto, TtpBvnagxsw to A* 
ovnoi dyXoy, si to iy agxft eutsttat' aX)i,5novxano~ 
dcixrvin ,dijXov • ov yag iony agxq anodti$s&g to 
huotmg adyXoy* El jiiv to* to B ngbg to J* ovtmg tfc**> 
mats tavtbv tlvai, ijdqXov^ on amotgdqtovoiv , ij 
vnaqxu &atsgoy dcnigy* T * & *WJI *itstiai. Kal 
yag ay, on tip B to A vnaqx&> di httiymy diixyvot, 
si aytiotgs<psn Nvy 8s tovto xstlvsb *AX£ ov/o Tf o* 
nog. JSi ditovto no$oT,tb tiqmi&oy <xvnoio%,nal avrt- 
inoiopst [w?] dta tgtvy. 5 . 'Jloavtug ds, nay si to B tw 
rXaufl&voi vnugxsty^ buofag adyXoy oy/nai, si to A 
t« r* ovma to l| agxqg aitsitat, &X£ owe anodti- 
xyvow. *Eav ds tavtov ft to A xai to B, q to apnotos- 
cptiv, rj to tnta&at, to A T$ B • to i£ agxr^g aitsltas 
dta tyv a»trp tujictv. To yagil: agxv $ ti dvyatai,ng6- 
tsgoy sTgrpaifiuly, ojuo dt iavtov dstnyvyai to un 
dt avtoy dqXoy. . §.Movv iatt tiiy agx$ . a\ts%o$at id 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



128 ARISTOTBLIS 

di avtov iiiM#&p*ixl ftig Hi avxov tifavi Tevxo di 
itrti to (ly fanpvpai, Stow ofAoiotg aortal? otTOi? wv 
dtmrvpipov xal 6V ov ddupvw • j} tw zctvta t«u av- 
t^, 1} up vavToy xojfc orvioTf wraraip * fr pir t<£ fie- 
ay ajW/uim xat t^tw a/uqwiiott? a* fr&jtotTq [opoi- 
•js] to fr ctojtyjf aixuo&ai. 7. *JBr $« «a*if/ooix« 
ovXloyujpy & xs t$J Tofry xal t$ wowtw * avo^an- 
. ««* fli, otw to awii a Tio tow <tvrov t *al ovg bpoi- 
. a? ap^orf oat at nooTaasig , (taoavnag di u«i ip t« 
(uotp,) dia tojmJ ayTiorpeqptiy rot's oqovg nmxi tow 
anoyornxovg ovlXoytafiovg* 8. *jEot« M to A> op- 
3$ afrtMrfat 6» fte? TaTf anaoW&at Ta x*r aijy- 
«#«uw ovias &»*rra * & to to?$ &aJU»zuco*$ t« xaw 
do$ay. 

CAPUT XIX. 
To dipf) naoixovxo ov/ifiabstr to ytvdo?, (S 
ttoJUaxto A* to* j Xoyoig Hoo&apw Uystp,) itQ&xop pi* 
ioxw ip vols w to o&vpoxop avXXoytafidlg, otap rrpis 
artiipaow y tovtov, o ddilttpvto xp tig to a&raror. 
Out* yao py &pxiq>qaag [«$,] if& to ov waoatovro, 
aiU* or* y«$£o; Ti 4ri$T} x«p ftpouooy ovV ir ty 
duxPvov<Jf} ' ov y*Q t&^ot Tijy aW^aow. "fir* if, 
OTcey aVatfptdi} T* 6*cfXTfxoV fax T«t> -4 J3 JT,oox amy 
fiTT&Vw? cm) roaoa to xtifurop ytyivyTiu i ovkloyt- 
opo«. To yty p%mtf# xovxo ylvto&tu vox* ley** 
p*p, oxap t apcuQ%&ey%og xovxov 9 fM^dkp yxxopntQatrtitw 
6 avXXoytoftog. "Oireo. ov* Sow ip xoig dsixxucolg* £pm- 
Q*&tioi}gyaQ xys GioMttg, ovtf o w»o$ xttwrp Ibrai 
OwUojwuo?. «aw«o«y ow, 0T4 4p Toit tlgxiadvpaxw 
liystau. to pq naoaxovxo *ai> oxav ovtmg %xjl no °S 

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ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB.H.. CAP. XIX. 12!l 

to advvarop i\ 1$ apj|ft£ twrodwis, wots, xalo&ytfsxai 
/u ^ ovar t g TttViT)g y ovdh tj nop av^i^othup to ddvpatop. 
52* c O flip ovp opapsgutatog tgonog iotl xov ftt) naga 
ttfp vtio&soip elvai to yevdog, oxavano tr^g vno&iat- 
to g uavvamogri and twgiiotHP ngbg to ddvpatop 6 avi- 
Xoywfiog, Svntg iVgtjTouxal ip toig Tomxoig. To yag 
to Stvalnov, ag ai'uop, ti&ipat Totfto iow. OTov, it 
ftovkofievog d*i$ai, on dovfiftstgog f\ didpstgog, ini- 
X*tgoln top Zijp(apogX6yop[dsixpvpaij,wg ovx eati xiwl- 
a&aiy xal tig tovto andyoi to idwatop • ovdafimg yag 
ovdanfj avvtxig iott to y>tvdog t? qpaott tg IS dgxyfr 
3. "Alio g di tgonog, el avvtxk pip «fy toddvpatoptj} 
vno&ioei, (ii\ pip toi oV ixiipv\p ovfifialpoi • tovto yag 
iyX®Q*i' y&fo&B* *«* inl to ctpto, xa* IrcJ to xoctch 
Xapftdpopti to ovvtjtig. 4. Olov, « ib Atm B x&tai . 
vndgxqp, rbdsBrqi T, to tie Tit} A' tovto di tety 
^/gi/foff, to £ t£> z/ pnagxnv. . Jbt /ap, a<pttiQ£&h>rog 
tov A, ptjdev yttop vndgxU to Bt$ r,xaltbrt$ A* 
ovx av ti'rj to ytevdog 8ia %r\v iSagxyt vno&wip. q.*H 
ndXip, tl tig inl to apta Xapfldpoi to ovpt%sg. Olop, 
ti to flip A t<$ B, To> di A to £, xai t$ JE to Z* V*^- 
£os og sty to vndgxnp t<» Ath'Z* xaeydg ovtwg ovdip 
av rnrop tfri to ao'vyaTOf, upaigt&eloiig tiqg 1$ ftp/?? 
vno&iotwg. 6. ^A«* dc* ttpos *ovs IS «C^?ff opot;^ 
owaTmir to ddvpatop • ovtcd yap carat ^icr t^v v7ro-' 
&bohp. 7. Olop, inl flip to xatto Xafiflapopn to ow- 
tXlgTtgbgtbpxuttiyogovpwop tip ogtop, JElyagadvpa- 
top, to At!a Avndgxw acpatge&iviog tov A t 6yx*u 
toraitb yjBtdog. &. 9 £itl 3e to avw, xa%? ov xatriyo- 
Dtitat. El yig t$ Bfiiiiyx^gHtb Zvn&gxW «9><**- 
Akist. Anal. I 

_ 



130 AJtlSTOTEUS 

Q&inos xov B, ovxdzt s&tai taa$vpazx>r. 9. c Opolug 
o\i xal, aztQi}uxa>y zmp ovXXoyiofmp Svzuv. lo. tfa- 
veQQyovy/oTL zov a^vvazou^Ti nohgzQvgi£ 4$tf[g opov? 
wtoi* ov nenQuiriv d-iatv ovufiaim to yiwdoff. 11. "fl 
Qi'J ' ov'twcr*} tfia i^y vno$6awi'oTaLtbyevdos;--Kai 
yag, si py j.£ J3, aiUa t£ . if in&q to. A vnagxuv, 
to di K xw P, «a* zovzo %$ A * *«* ovzto fUvu zi 
advpazop. Ofiolvg di xal inl zb am Xapfljipom toig 
of ovgt iZar ^ Ikci xa* oVto?, xai ^ oyrogzovzov, avp- 
, fiaiptizb advpazop • oix ap sViinagaz^p #eW. 12.1ff 
to, ^ byjogzovjov, (ji7}dh 7}zzor, yiree&ou %a ysvdok 
ovx ovzv X^tttcV, uqz ,. SXlovri&cfnvo^evpffa&M 
to advpazoy iX£ otqlv, acpaLgt&evTqg tovjov, di* zw 
Xomtap ngoraawp zb avzb7zigaiptizat,advpaxop 9 iml 
to ayzi yt xpBvdog ovufiaipeip dia nUiovw vno&sos- 
mv, ovdiv i'aag azonop* olop , to Tag nagaXX^Xovg 
avfATtinTHv, xal el utl£av iozlv y ipzbg zfy ixzbg, xal 
fl.To zgiyapop jfcw nXttovgoQ&agdvo'iv. 

€APirr "xx. 

O di ytvdije Xoyog yiptzatnagi to ipgmzov y«U- 
deg. Hyag ix zap dvo ngozioiw, ijix nXsioptoynag 
iozi avXXoyiffuog. £i pip ov* ix, z&y b\uo • zavnop 
apayxri zyv hdgap, j\ xal afi<pozigag^ thai yisvdug • 
$? aXtj&w yiq ovx ip ipevdr^g ovXloyLUfiog, JgJ 6" ix 
nXnoyw olov, to ph r dia zwv A.Br zavza di dux 
tow A EZ H' zovzw zieazai Twy iaapa, y/evSog, xal 
nagazovto b Xoyog.* zb yotg. A xal to B 6r ixeivuv 
iiiqalvtxai. "Jlozt nag ixeimp zi Qv^aivsi to avu- 
Ttigaopa xal zb yevdog. 



d by Google 



AN JL. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XXI. 131 
CAPUT XXL: 

MgbgSi to pyxaiaovlkoyl£io&ai7taf}i*iyQqt*ov> 
Star arevtip4Wpneqaapaie»pjQmt%ibpX6ypp, on<ag 
prj do&r] dtg.tb.avi6 ip teSg nQptaoeotP' ixei&ipteQ 
toper, ozk Spsv peoov ovXXoytopbg ov yivera*, pi" 
oop Si tote to nXeovdxigUyopepopi. 2. - Big Si See 
ngbg ixaorop ovpmeqaopa iqotwto: pioop, otapeoop 
it tov elSeven, nofov iv knaatta ox^pate. Selxpvtae. 
Tovto Si ypSg oi Xyoeta^Sia t* eiSirat, nig vni- 
XoptP top Xoyop. & Jtyij. Si, ontp yvXanta&at 
naqayyeXXopep anoaoipopspovg, stvtovg ixix$tgovptag 
nuQ&o&ailap&mptiv. 4* Tovto So tfotainqehop jot* 
tap ta ovpneqaopata p\. nQoavXXoyt£<aptai , aX£ 9 
tiXrjpjiipuiptap apayxatov, Styla $. 5. *Ei* Si, tap 
ptj ta otfrtyyvg . iqmiji) iXV ou p&kusta ta pioa. 
Olor, tott* Stop ovpTttooUpto&ou t6: A xaxec jov Z* 
pica [Si t«*J B rj JE. Ael ovp tfmqiP, eiti A t$ Br 
xai nakvp py y el to B tfP, dl£, s1t£ A to S* xai 
eneita, el to B t§ T m xal oStee ta kotna. 6. Kyp Si hog 
idoev yipqtai o ovXXoytopbg, anb tov piaov aqxe- 
o&an pdXiova yfa a* ovtta Xmr&arot top anoxqwo- 

IUPOP* 

CAPUT XXII.. 

*Em\Si tzoper, note, xal nig Jxopteep tip oqwv 
ybhtat, i ovXXoytopog m a+apeobv xal, note eat at, xal 
note ov* iotcu sXsyzog. 2. Uarttop pip yaq ovyxe>~ 
oovpuwr, rj irctXXaSn&tpwMV twanoxqlaeew, (olom 
tr)g pip inoyatixijg • tijg Si xaxa<panxijg,) iyxateeJ, 
yireo&ae. fXeyxor. % Hr yaq ovXXoyiopbg not ot/iw, 
xul ixebeeg ixovtwtip of «k "Jlote, ei to xelpepop «fy 

12 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



132 ARISTOTELIS * 

ivartiov tw ovftnsQaapccTi, avayxr\, yiv$od*y fkty- 
%ov: 6 yceo tX*yz°S artiqxxoms ovXXoyiopog. ~ 3. El 
defied h a vyx^QoHto, adwaxov-, yiv£<j&ai£Xsyzov. Ov 
yaq ip avlXoyiaftcg, aitavxwv iw oqw arBQ^xtxm 
cvtoov. a JloT8ov5' tXtyxog. El psv yaq tXsyxoc, 
uvayxtj, ovlXoyiafibv tlvcu* ovXXoyiouov &i oruo^ 
ovu .iv&ynq, JtXeyxov. 4. 'JlaavTwg de xal, si filler 
TB&tiTj %axa xqv anaxQMJiv b> Slip ' 6 yag avxbg Maxai 
diogiopos (Xfyxov xal ovXXoyiopov. 

CAPUT xxni. 

t J8up(huvu de ivioxs, xo&antq iv ti} &iau xm 
oqmv ^anavops&a, xal ttaxa tr\v vnoX^tpiv ylvto&tu 
7qv anazrjv. tilov, *l iv&xtjcu to avxb nXeiooi ngu- 
vmg vnuQX^y ' xctl fb ph XtXy&ivai ttvi, xal ots- 
0#«t juijfop* vnagxw to di elSdvat. *!Lotw yotg to A 
f <j» B xal tw r xa&' avxb inagxov, %al tavxa nartl 
Tip A woawtoi * c« dy t<JJ p& B xb A navxl oUxai 
vnaQXiiv, xal towq r$ Ana-rib xydirxoA pydsvl, 
xal xovxo t<« A nav^i* %ov aixox xaxa %aixbv 8« 
intarrinnv xal ayvoiav. 2, IIah#, **' ng a7xaxq&ti*i 
nsql xa ix t%$ avrfsovux-oixict?. Olov, u to A vnaq- 
Z*i> tw B, tovto ds t# r, xal to r T# A ' vjroXa/i- 
fiavu de, to -4 7i«vt} sjp JS V7r&qx*v> *«2 naliv, /uij- 
fley* tw J*, jlpayay itotxoUte, xal <n>x vnoXyyt- 
iou vthxqxsW' 3. !rfo 3 ovc <ovde^ ecXAo alio* ^x toviw, 
*?, o inUnaxai, vovxo fn; vnoXapflavuv ; iulatemn 
yaq m&$> oxt to A Ty rvnagx** ^*« ^^ B, -Aq bf T t ? 
xa^oAot; to x«*a j/cpa?. 'ItZot^, e no)s4nl<JTazai ) tov- 
to o^»5 « J*o* ^ ynoXapfi&vw oiisq a&ovaroy. 4. 

'i?JI* ^« JOV W0OW0OJ/ Af^VTOi, Wf4^6< T^ «VT?ffOV- 



Digitizedb^CjOOQlC 



ANAL. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XXHI. 133 

aiotf/a? 10 fiiaov, xa\f Ixdxegov ph t&v ftiowv &p- 
qpoxigag tag ngoxdoeigovx iyxaoti vnoXapPdvuv. 
Olov, [*Q to A tqj fdvB navxl', tg» 8i r (itidivl, tov- 
t« de ifiqpotiga navxl t<5 A. Zvfipalvn yag , ij 
a7rAa>?, t\ intti, Xafijidvtodai ivavtiav tijv ngiaxrft 
tgotaaiv. El yag, ($ to B vnagxti navil, 10 A vno- 
Xappdvet vndgxtw, to di B tw A, oldv xaloti t$ A 
to A, oldiv. v Jlat, el nod iv, wro T, prfievl oltrattoA 
vndgxw <& toBtivl vndgx*h xovtw ovx olexaito A 
vndgxuv. To de navil oiofievov cy xo B ndXiv tivl pij 
oi'to&cu a> to B, rj anXag, ?} inl 11 tvavtlov iotiv. 
Ovtta psv ovv ova ivdixstai imoXapuv. 5. KotxP Ixd- 
tsgov de ir\v [ilocv, ij xaxd to txegov upopoxigag, ovdiv 
xaXvei. Olov, to A navxl tw B, xal to B 1$ A' xal 
ndXiv, to Apvfiivl x<$ JT. 6. 'Ofiola yag fj toiavtr\ 
dndxnj, xal wg dnaxwpt&a ntgl xd iv fiegsi. Olov, 
tl raj B navxl xb A vndgxih *6 di B x$ r navxi* xd 
A nowxl tw rindghi. Ei ovv tig oidiv, oxi to A, ta 
to B, vndgxu navxl' oldt xal, oxi tip JT. *AXlHovdb 
xmXvh, dyvoiiv, to Tox-i ioxlv. Olov, el to ukvA, dlo 
og&ai' 16 d' e\p a) B, tgiy&vov to d** iq> <$) F, ai- 
o&rixQir tgiymvov. 'TnoXafioi yag avxig, fitj ilvaito V, 
eldwg, oxt nuv tgiytavov l#«* dvo 6g&dg»"Jlut ccpa st- 
ation,, xal ayvorioii tavtov. To yag udivai, on nuv 
tgiywov ex** & v0 og&dg, ovx StnXovv iatt, • aXXd to 
(tiv, tr t vxa\>6XovsXHv iniGxr^i\v' to tie, ttjv xa&exa- 
axov* Ovxa juiv ovv &>g[iv\ xfjxa&oXovolde, to Ton 
duo og&al' ag di tfj xa&ixaaxov oix oldiv &at ovx 
tin tag ivavtiag. 7.*OpoC(og b*i xal o iv toi Mdvavt 
Xoyog, Sn y iia&naig aVa^ir^ai;. Ovdvpov yag ov(i- 

Digitized byLnOOQlC 



134 ARISTOTELIS 

ftalyti, noosnfcxaa&ai to xa&ixaaxoy • aXX* Spary 
4nayt*y$ Xaftfidytw if\v twy xaxa fiioog imotyprjy, 
Santg ayayytaglCoyxag, "Ewa yag i&orxtg m&vg Vofiw 
oTop, Su 9vo 0Q&aZg, (av eldwfity, Sxitglymrov, € Q(io(- 
{ogdixmlinlt&yaXXnr. 8. Tjj pivovv xa&oXov &eo>- 
govfitv %*• h ft*Qtt, iff di oixtia ovx Toper. "Jler 4r- 
&t%ttai xal dnarao&m mql avta* nXip evxiww- 
timg, all* ty*** f** v T *l v xa&oXov, omaxao&at di tJ 
xaxa fiig^g. 'Opolwg evv xalinl twv itQOHQjifiirwr. Ov 
yaa ivayxia t] xaxa toy fiiooy inaxr) tjj xatot xbv 
ovXXpytOfihv imexyfiy ovd* tj xa&* kxdtegoy wv pd- 
owr vnoXrj^ig. *9. Ovdiy di xcaJU'w, sidoxu xal, -on 
to A ol& tw J5 vnaqx f h *<** wcwUr tovto tw P, omj- 
di\V9u> fir} vnaqxuv to A tw r* do*, of* «aoa i^tto- 
ros ax oxo g- xal avxt) fj/ilovos* olto&ai, xvuv xavtrir 
ov yao tnloxaxai, oxi to A tff, ft^ 4svv&*to$iav to 
*«#' ixtmpov.lo/teffTsfljjAov, oxixal, u%bfkhoJd$, 
to di fir} oldtv, <a7taxti&yottai • o*?p ^ovaiy at xa&6- 
Xov nobg tdg xaxa fiioog imoxrtfiag. Ovdiy yag tar 
aia&r}T<>i)v cjm tj}$ alp&i'jotwg yivojtevor la/ity, ovd* 
ay pv&tifiiyot tvyzavoptr, fifttj w; t« xot&oXov, xal 
*%> fX*w xriV'olxeiav 4ma?W t l v > ^M* °*X W r$4nQ- 
yfiv. To. yao iriloxaff&ai Xiy txai toix^g' tj fig tiJ xa- 
#oAoi/, -J e5g yjj joixkia, fj ng xcp ivtgyuv* Slats xal 
to rjTtocTqofrai To&avTaxa;. 11. Ovdiy" ovv xwXvet, 
xal udivai, xal tjiiaxrio&ai ireol to ctvto, fli^y ov* 
ivavximg. "Otxsq ovpftalyn xal x$ xa&* hxaxioa* et- 
doxi xyyitooxaotv, xal fit) intaxtppiv^ng6t$Qoy. € Tjto- 
Xuppavaty yaq, xvtii tip fftiiovov, ovx tx*i trp> xaxa 
to Iviqyuv iTturtrmw ovd 3 ctvdiaxrjvvnoXrjifttvfyctv- 

DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANAL. PRIOR. Lian. CAP. XXIV. 135 

xlav imatrp jr\ imotrffty* ^vMoytopog yoto [i****] 
fj bortia amity tjj xct&elov. 12. 'O d* vnoXapfM- 
rw, to ayv&$ tlytu xaxy thm> %o on/to tbroi^ycTft* 
aya&cp thai xttt *«*<£. "Eotm yag to pb ayci&w c7- 
rat, 4<p oS to Avti 6i xaxw tlvai, 4q> ov toB* nabr 
di, to aytt&M timet, Ap ov to JP. 3 En&'owv tavtoV 
V7toXafifldv& to B xnl to r, ual, thou to r to B, 
VTtoXfomai* *al naXtv, to B ri A Aval waatrra*. 
v JlatB %al to r to A. "jhon*Q ytto,***}* aXvfliq, *a#* 
ov to r, to<B m *alxa& ov to B, to A 9 xatxata tox 
r to A* vln&*$rp* : oSt» *m* Mtov vnolappavtiv. 
'O/ioimg di xatinl tov efoau *Fov mvTov yaoorroetov 
JT wa* tow B f x«J n*Uv to* B nul tov A, not tbrty 
A t4Wtbv fi*.*Jlm* xai en} tx>v do£a£uy opoitag, 13. 
Aq owtowopiv npayxmov, tftsg dtaou to fto&iors 
Al£ te&g iatdtva VJtvdog to vnoXttppayuy tivo\ *a*« 
tlvcu.ro &ya&& efotu, tl pq xata avpPefiijxog. JIoX~ 
letjgms yao*> iygm$& tovto i&oXapflapwr. 3 £mox*z 
ntiov tevovwo ptiuav. 

CAWJT ^83V. 
"Qvtcv ilW afnatfrfpiptti tw ofxoa, avay*T},xcii to 
piaoy amoTQ&peiv noo* &pq>m. Ei yao to A nata 
tov JT&tx to*/ Bvtuxqxh' tl uvuoTQ&pu, xnl vrtdg- 
%u, & to A, mtrd to F* xalth B t$ A avu(ttQi(pu* 
xal vnao%**f JLto A, noml to B diet -pioov tov !*• 
xal to J" tw B ivttotodipM o*a pfoov tov A. 2. Kal 
in) toU pij Atxoqx*** ttoWra?. 02W, «* to \B tw JT 
vnctQxH, vy di B to A fi*i im&QXH * ovditb AttoT 
ovx vTtaoZu. Bldy to B t» ui avnetoitpH, xal to V 
T&4 axMtQJBpu. *4toua yog to B^pn vnaqxov t# AT 

Digitized by GoOgle 



13G ARISTOTELIS 

©ifl' aqa to JT* izarrl yiq tm rxoBvnrjox** 3. K*\ 
$it$B %o r aprtatoitpH, xal xfyAxbB amavetytt. 
Ka& ov yao av navxbg to B, xal to r. 4- Kotl « to 
Titoog to A aniototyu* xal to Bavttotqmfftt[nqog 
to A]. r SU yog to B, xal to r* w d$ to A, to r ovx 
vnaqX*^ -*&*» pbvov tovto anb %ov ovpntqaapaxog 
&QXttai 9 (t« fl a o'AZa ov/ vfioiiog,) wg xal M xov 
xax^yootxov ovXXoyiopov. 5- HaXur, 'ii to A xal 
tbB avxtoxoiipit, xal to r xal to J moavxotg* ana*- 
ti di avayxt) to A rj to rvnaqzw xal to JB xa* 
to z/ ovto>£ ft«*> wars TrayTt &ateoor vixaqxuv* 'Env, 
yiq, <$xb A, to B* xa», oj to J 1 , to*^* rccryi* os 
to A % to P, xa» ovx Spa" cpavtqbv, on xal to £ ^ 
to z/ way?*, xa» ovx apa • 6*i/o yao avXXoyiopol ov/- 
xeiytOM. 6« UaXw, ti nmnl pip to A, q to B, xal 
to r, if to ^/, o/ia o* fijji vnayxu' '* «yT<oro«qpu 
to .4 xa« to i^ xai to £ xa* to A amoTO&pu. £i 
yaqtwk pi inaqx** to B, ZtoA* dJjjio»% on to A 
vnaqX*i* M 8s to A, xal to r- arxioxqiiptt yaq. "Jlox* 
Spa to r xal to A. Tovxo di advwatoy. tilor, ii to 
aybrm\xov ay&aqxov • xal to ay&aqxor ayirviftov • 
avayxq, to ywoptvovy&aqtbv, xctltb <p&aqxbv ytyo- 
rivau iSOxav de to A oXy t£ B, xal tip rvndqzjji 
xal pytisvbg aXXov xanjyoQTJiai, vndqxjl os xal to # 
navxl t<J> r* dv&yxijy to A xal to JB avxioxqi^HV. 
9 £n$l yaq xuxa povwv xmv B r Xiytuu to A, xanj- 
yoquxai di xo B xal avxb kavxov xal xov JT* a>av*qbt>i 
oxi, xa%£ wv to A, xal to B Xex&yotta* navtaw, 
nXn\v avxov xov A* 8* H*lw , oxar to A xal to B 
oXtp x% r vTidqxp, avxioxQ€<pj} faxbrxy B* anxyxy, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ANAL. PRIOR. LIB. II. CAP. XXV. 137 

%o A nayxl t«£ B vitagxw. 'Emlybg nartl r$ rto 
A, to ds r*tp B dm to arooroe'qpcf*' xal to A navtl 
tw B vnagxer. . 9* "Orap di, & vol* ovtoiv,oiop zov A 
xal tov B, to A tov B algnontgov lj> ornov arnxn- 
fiivwY, xal rod tov rmaavnag* el cdgettonga rot AT 
tmv B A t to A tottA alosTuteooy. 'OfAoi&gyagdimXToir 
to A xailqavxTovxp B' arnxtlfisva yag. Kal to T 
tov A* xal yag xal Tavta artixunai. Ei ow to A 
to) A opokag aigsrov xal to B tw JTqpei/xToV. *Ex&- 
Teoo* yiqixaihoy bfioloygqxvxtby duoxTtp. "JtoTtxalTu 
uficpd) t« A r tdlg B A.*En€$'di pallor, ovx °16* ** 
bpoiwg • xal yag av rot B d bfiolcog tfiav. El 84 to A 
tov A algtTWTtQov, xal to B tov r qrronpsvxTov. To 
yap slctTTQv to) Harrow arrixtiTau AigiTtoTsgov &i 
%t> fAblior aya&6* xal elatrov xaxbv, tytsg to tlcntov 
ayoi&QV xal [to] pti£ov xaxov xal to anav aga to 
B A algtTVTtgov tov A r. Nvv di ovx sou. To A aga 
alg*TWT$gov tov A. Kal to r$ga tov B k\ttov ytvxrov. 
El dq iIoito nag 6 ig&v xututov tgeita, to A, to ov- 
Ttag ez*w, wots x<*QiS*o&ai, xal to (ty xagltta&ai toj 
i<p oi r, n to x&Qfao&tti ™, iq? ov A, xal to (tij 
roiovjoy elvat, olov ^ao&eovtat to, itp ov B* df\lo¥, 
on to A to toiovtov elvai algsTtongov iariv, ijnsg to 
ZaglCsO'&at. To aga (fdela&ai Ttjg ovvovoiag algerm- 
Ttgov xara Toy Igona, Mallov Sou o Huong iotl Trig 
yilias, rjnzg tov ovvetvar cl di (laltara tov tov, xal 
to -rilog tovto. To aga evvtivat % ovx ton blag, % 
tov (pduo&ai eVexor. Kal yog at alia* tot&vfilai 
xal tixvai ovrto yiyortat. 10. Hug piv ovvtyovoiv ol 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



13S ABIST0TEJL1S 

ooo* xvtm tag JumoiQwpie, ndty uiQitmt$fo*fjq>tv- 

CAPUT XXV* 

"Ou di 0v ftiwv oi dmXuntxol xal anodstxrixol 
avlXoyisfkol dta imp nfo$m(iivmv ylxovtqn ozyfia- 
toy, aXXa xal ol faxoDixol, *al <anX*>s qTtaov? nir 
one *o» r\ xu& ouwpqvv fit&odov, rvr Stp tl'tj Xe- 
XTdoy/ldnuvTayaQmartvopwJi.dimovXXoyiofAOv, % g 
inaywyfa 2* EnqiytByy jib? ovv iau xal o 4£ 4na:ym- 
yjjg QvXXoyiapbg to dti tov kxioov &ax€go* axgo* 
z$ pio$ ovXXoyloae&au . & Oiov, tlt&p A rpsoet 
to U, dm tov rduh**, rbjLx$& vhuqxw ovw 
yao no*ovn&* T «S Ixow&yaq* 4* tilov, tax* to A* 
fiajeoo/W- to d\ iff v B, to x»^m St**' iff « 
di r, to xa&Uaaxov (xaxoefiiov, olev av&gnojiog, *$ 
iJiTtoSy xtu q/ilovos* Ty #«i r oXy wiiigzt* to A, nay 
yagxb cizolov ^angofiiov. !^Uaxm to B $ ropy |^ay 
ZoJ>iv, nunl vnagxn t£ r • £? pjy a^Tioroigpa to T 
t$ ^, xa*/t^ vntgxdvu xopitsov % umyx^ t xo Ax& B 
"VTrdgzuy. didsixxcu yag n^oisgov, ct^&xv dvo mxxu 
**$ ayx$ vniqx^, xoii ngbg daxsgov ctyx&v avxtargk- 
Q>$ to Sxgov/oxi w wziGTQ&f>Q%>Ti.xa\$aThQ6YinaQ- 
£u xuv xaxriyogovfiivtoy. Au di vouv to T to *| aniv- 
%wv ttov Kct&sxa<jTov ovyxtlpwov r\ yap ifiay^yh 
dianavx&v^ 5. "jSaxi di o xoiouxot ovXXoyiofU>$ T«j$ 
ctQtavrft xal apioov ngoxoto&»e. 6, r Jlv pht yao cor* 
fiiaov, diet %ov piaov o ovXXqyiojtog - a di fir} ion, di 
inuy&yriS. 7. Kal xgonov xtvd ivxixuxm tj ijtayu- 
yn *$ ovXloyioti&* o ukvyuq diet xovfiiaovxoaxgov 
Tw to/t^i deixvvoiv y di divt tov tghov to &xoov tw 

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ANALTT. PRIOR. LIB. U.CAP.XXVL 130 

fiiata, 8. &von piv ovv ngcugog xaiyvmgtpi&ttgog 
o $«* tov piaov ovXXoywpbg* yu* di ivagyiotsgog 
6 Suk tijg ijutyqyyg. 

CAPUT XXVI^ 
JJagadeiypa di iottv , otav i§ piotp to axgov 
vnagxov dux&% diatott bpoiov t$ tghtp. 2. Jg% di 
*al to fiiaov tw to/w» xal to ngUnov to) opolta yvta- 
Qipov tlvai VTtxxQXov, 3. Olov, wotnto A, naxov to . 
di B, nqbghpogovq avatgeioxhttnoXMpov 4q>' qidi r, 
to 'A&Tjvaiovg ngbg QqftoUovg ' to £', ty* <S /*, diy* 
fiaiovs nQog*P(»xug. *Eav ovv ($ovXop9\ht>d$£m, ou 
to Oyfiaiotg noXsp&v xaxbv ioti •Xtpttiov, on to irpof 
rov$ bpogovg noXep&v xaxov. Tovtov di nlaug in 
tow opot&V olov, o« 0n(talo*q 6 ngbg &*mtig. 9 JSnwi 
ovv to ngbg tovg bpogovgxaxov 9 to diitgbg &i)fhtlovg 
7TQO g tovg bpbgovg ioti • <pav$gbv,ou to ngbg Sfj/iaiovg 
noXtpuv xaxov. "Qti piv ovv tb&t$T**l t« Jvniqm 
%u, qtavtgov* vp<p<ny<xg ioti, ngbg tovg opooovg aval- 
gtio&ai noXspov. Kalou rbAttpA* Qyflalotg yag 
oil Qvvr\vty%iv b ngbg <p(**Hg nbXtp6g» ?<Hi di to A 
tv) B vnagxu, $'« ™v 4 0>qfih}O«t«*. Tbv avxbv di 
xgonov, x$v u Siit nkttovtav t&» bpokov fj nUntg yi- 
%'oito tot piaov ngbg to axgov, 4. Qavtgpv ovv,' 
on to nagddsiypd ionvZ ovte, ~&>-oAtoV ngbg pigog, 
ovtt,Ag pigog ngbgpXov, aXX\ &g pigog ngbg pigog, 
otavapqxa piv $ vnb to avtb, yvtogipovdi &augov. 
5. Kal diayigu trig inaymyfo, ou q piv IS anavxtav 
tav aiopuv to axgov idslxwsvvnagxwty piot*, xal 
ngbg to axgov ov ovvr f nt9 tbv ovXXoyiopovtbdixa) 
ovranrsi, xal ov* Ig anavnav folxvvo*. 



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140 ARISTOTEL1S 

CAPUT XXVlt 

9 Aitnymyn Siiouv, ototp if par psatg to. jt^jtov 
diqkov jj vtuxqzov • ty di ioxatt* to pioor > adijXov 
p$p, opolag 8i nurtiv, ij puXXop rov ovpntgotapaios. 
£ti, iiv olfyu y ta pioct rov io/atov xal tov piaov. 
Uaptvg yao iyyvtegor that ovpfialpn rye imatri- 
fir\$. 2. Olop, Mora to A, to dtdaxror' iq? ov B, 
imatfjfifi' to M r, dixaioovvti, 'Hpsrovp tniotriftfi 
on Sidctxtbv, yavtoor* q b*i dixaioovvt} ti innrtrtpii 
adqlov. El ovv opoiwg ij pallor motor to JB Ttov 
A r, aitety&yfj iottp • iyyvtteop ykg tov iniuTcto&ai 
Siot to TiQQOiilrjcpiyai tijp A r, imottjprip ngotiqov 
ovx s^ovrag. 3. HaXip, dap oXtya tat pieu tup B Y* 
xat yaq ovtmg iyyvtteop tov udipcu. Olov, el to A 
tVti tiTQaywvl&O&ai* to Se, i<p ($ E , ev'&vygappov 
TO de, icp m Z, xvxXog • ti tot) E Z $p payor etij pi- 
aov,tb pita pijviaxov laovyivBo&at sv&vyoappwTbv 
uvxlop, iyyvg ap ti'tf* tov eld&ou. 4. "Otap ds pr t tt 
ntotottQOP ji to BT tov A T, pyx* oliya xa piad, 
ov Xiyw anayiayfjy, ovd*, otap itptooy y to B r m toir 
ovt\pf\ yao to rorivtop. 

CAPUT XXVIIF. 

"Emaoig- 8i iau no.6»tamg nootiati ivctvxtoc. 2. 
AuMpiqu di v^g nootaowg, ow tt\v (tip sp<rtaaiv b- 
dijfttai elvat [xcu] inl pigovg 9 ti\v hi nQotaeiPii 
olag ovx iMx'tcu, n ovx h tolg xa&cXov ovXXoytr> 
apoH* $. Gfyttcu di ij wgxaoig btz&g te, xal foot ivo 
aXtytnatP. AtJt&g pip* o« y xa&olov; tj to pion 
naca syotaoig. . /ha tivo Si oxfjfiinnv , on avtixti- 
(itvair <ptyovT(utf} tiqotokju, to) ii arttxtifura it/ if 



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ANAL. PRIOR. LIB, II. CAP. XXVD1 141 

TrowTtp xa* hr to» rqkm o/i^air neoaivorrai fAovoig. 

4. "Otap yaq ahwaji , jravxl vnaQ%tw~ frunaftg&a, 
*], on ovdsvl, fj, on 7ivl t>?# vnaqx*** Toviw di to 
fiev^t\dzvl-h(, 7ov nqfaxov axyparog • to te ran fiy, in 
iov ioxdrov. Olov, lorea to A, ftlav that imavqpW 
lop w to By ivavvla • novjslvavtog dq> $&* *lvcu %m 
ivartlw imortjfiifv y, on blag ovx y «vtij iAv &p- 
Twupbm, hUnvrai, tit ds ivaviia avuxiifitva • wait 
yiveo&at to kqv>70P oxvp* ' *h on tov yvwotov xal 
ayrtootov ov fiia • tovto di*i JT. Kara yiq tov 
JT, 7ov yvtoarov xttl ayvto<nov to fdv ipavtkt that, 
alibis • to tie plop avtwv totatqunp slvai, ipBvdoe. 

5. Jlaltv inl 7%$ attgrjtntifg . irooTaomg &oav7&$. 
ldhovv7og yaq to /ui? «fya* uUev $mvxr\\ir\v tiop ivav- 
tUav, ?}, on nttntov top irttxttpiptop, tj, ^riTwaWwy 
tvartiwt fj avtif, Uyopw, olov vyuipov xedvoGiadovs, 
To pip ovv navitav ix mov nqoitov • *o ddw&v 4* tov 
xqhov 0;w/mxto?, 6* € Ab%&$ ymq tV mat **fcUov 
/u«f ivwn&ptvov avdyxq nqbg to Xra&oJiOv twnnqo- 
THxofitvap t^v arrbpaoiv dnuv. Olov, u jw/^rav- 
t^v «|w* twv havtitav ndvrwv, eircoWa, 7*m aruxt^ 
fievwv play. Ovtw d' ayayxt), to TTQwiovslvaiexnH*** 
fiiaop yaq yhstm to xa&okov nqbgib i&*jQXW* '& 
pion 9e, ngbg i Am xa#ojtov* *a& ov Uytim % 
nQOTCtoig, olov yvwatov xal ayxanrtovji^ 7r\v avttjr' 
ta yaq ivavtla *a&olov nqb^tavta* xal yivtiai to 
tqhop offlfia • (iioor yaq to iv piqu XapPavoutPor, 
olov to yp&otbv xal to ayvojorov. 7. *Mm yao tor* 
avXXcybao&cti Tovvmmlovyiiitov%tav'%a\w ba*a~ 
owj iruxuQovptP Uytw. . Jib *#i I* ^oWiw «OT» 

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142 AKISTQTELIS 

patmy rovttny qdfofitv. % £y paying yug tovxptg 6i 
wrttxdfiiroi ovXXaviofioi* diet y&Q tov piaov ovx jj* 
nataq>ont*£g. 8. £ti dl, x*}r afy, loyav diotto nXtfo- 
pog f) foarev pioovvxjjfuttof oloy, d ft?) Sofy, to 
A%<$ B vnaqxtiv $m to ftq .wtoXov&ur avjcp to JT. 
Tovxo ycto d$. ulXv* nQ<ndo$mr&ql*v ov du fo dg 
Skla Utfbng&ai tip uxtmkhv, aiX $v&vg (ppanqav 
few* tyy kiiomy noimaevy* 9. Jti *al to anpulov & 
ftwov tovtov iov axvfiai og. ovx corty* 1 - 'JEnujxt- 
wUop dk xal mol tuy aXXuy iyvt&iwy * olov , rep* 
tm 4% tov 4v€tvtlov> xaltoi Qpoiav* xcd tov vara 
de§ety xal, <» %%y iy jugst in tov nqmov, tyTagy ot*- 
ntiMtj* 4* w» ^i<jov dwoi^ Xafi&y* 

CAPUT XXIX» 

JBixo? A3 ual enp&ov ov- xavxoy ivnv ulXa to 
»*v uxog iatt ^oW? Itfoft*. "Op-wo wf farctoratf 
feoow ovt* jwopsfanr, ^/uiriyoWa* £oV,? jto} of 
*ovto tozty i^oV olor, to juiff^v rovf y&oyovrtag, 
ii*iyA*%yT*V4 4f*tt4yovs* ay pit** difioiXnui elvm 
npo* aotg omuds&tmq, %<&ayxmo^n%v$oZo$. Ovyaq 
oytog,iotty t %, ov yeyofUyov ngottooy % voxegov yd' 
yoyt to. ngaypv tovto. oqu&or &rt* tovysyoydvah i} 
•Iwr u 2 . *Ey&vpQpn p$v ovv iatt ovXXoy tapis croiij g 
i£ HHotay, ij otjfufay. 3. utaftfidt standi to, oypuoy 
*Q*Xw$, wtuxmg xaltoftiaov iy to%g oxniHMW • ig yag 
mg iy t&ngutta, rj yg i* xw (tiem, % wg h tw tgijUr 

tevngoUov oxfoatog • juwrov yap to yai« &w. 3 £^. 
03 to A, imxvetv ' to JB, to yptXa &w yvyq di, iq> 
S» to P. 5. Tq &% ott ol oo<potaxov$cuof Urna- 



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ANAL. PRIOR. LIB* IL CAP. XXIX. 143 

%og yiq GJiowkitog * iw vov. idx*jov. 3 Etp <p to A, 
cniovdaia?* iy <$io.B > ot aoyei* iql $t to r, Zft*- 
Totxeg. *Alij&sg dri, *a$io <4#(tl to B tov r nat9f* 
yoQ^aar nXqv xbjiir oi> l&ywo^&a to tidbai* %o 
8i lapPmavty* 6. >7'6 <5« *v«y > UtI&xQ** & 1 ** Te * 
/x«aov QXnpaxoq. $oiU% «* tfrat. >^$ro yap (karat Tofifc 
.xtwi/aai« f i*^**, «*ofattf«t» &.*<!* ravtp, fofoSh 
X$ai otQUTBitfot xiu. 'Jlxfiv, i<f> ovxoA'iy ovti 
B» xvtiv • yvv^ 4q? o J to r* . 7. > Mnvp& dry P&* *•- 
X&yTtQQZuois+QniiUQv yiittw* piw 'it* diualr} M- 
-q a TU^oXn^fi > (rvXXQyiQftQg* Q*oj% a** o . Jftraffti? 
iisv^io^' oi yap wAouitoi&fijjtyiot* J7maxo?64 
<f>tX*Tipog± "HnaXiv, %n el eoyol ayu&ol- Jlnremog 
?<*& *#*#**> &U* *«* aoqpos. , Owww ps? ow ylvwt- 
%ai ol wAApytopo/. 8. iZA^»» aniv 4«« rot/ apttrov 
*£iftta?og MlvTag, a* oU^w # * xadoAov yap Amt*« 
c O #fi &*. rouioxoHQv Xwnpog, nipy itlfi&ig tj to ovp- 
nifHt#fia t di(* to pit $lvcu xadoXov, ^de ngig to 
ngtxypa %bv avUeyiapov. Qv yitg, tl JltTutxogvnov- 
Z&iog, aviynri, d*i tovjo %ou tovg. itXXovg ooyovg. 
s O di&a tov pioov ox^ftatag isl *a* nmwtmg Xvair 
p&$. OvdmQXs yag ylvstm avXXoyiop>bg t ovt&g fyov- 
vwv r&v opcwv Ov yog, el %> xvovaa wjpa, ofopa & 
9tctl ; %de, xvuv iw&ynri vawnv* 9.- *AXq&h fuv oivh 
anagiv vtiuqSh tolg oxqpctoi ' jkatyopag 6s fyovouaf 
UQUp&ag* \Q**H di) qvt(o duuqviiov to ortfiuw 
vovivy di to psaov ttxpiiqwv Xnpiziov • toyaQTSKpri- 
pie? fh tidivaiTiQiQvv qmaiv ilrai * tqiqvjov defiaXi rra 
%i uieov* *H ia ^iv Jkjw Sxqw oqpHa Xtxifa** to 



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144 ARISTOTELIS 

ds in to 5 pioov ttxpfjotov Mo&orato* yig xal ft*' 
•Xiata aly&ig todta tov ngwtov owpatog* 
CAPUT XXX. 
To 9$ yvGioyvtopovuy dwator iattv, iV tig did*- 
dtv , OLjia fittafiaXXuv to owfict xal %i\v ywxh v ° oa 
toil <pvoixa na&tfftata • (pa&my yug Vawg tigpovM- 
-fnjy fittafiifiXfixi ti, tr\v yvx*P m oX£ ov t&v qpvatt 
iftfiv ion rovto to na&og • ak£ olov ogyal , xal &ri- 
&vpiai, t&p cpvau xivtjosw^ ti dtf tovto re do&sitf, 
xctl h hog otifi&ov that , xal XapftavBiv dvpaipt&tt 
'TO tdiov haotovyivovgna^ogxalor^AUOt, dvpijoopp 
&a yvatoyvwfxovuv. JSi yag iotw Idia tivl yivu vnao- 
%ov crrojuep na&og, olov tdig Xiovaiv ivdgtia • avay%r\, 
malot)fiuov elvai r«. ( Svpnaozuv y&g akXykoig, 
vnoxntat •) xal eatta rovto to psyaXa tit axgontjoia 
%Xtiv * o xal aXXoig vnagxw yivtai, fiij oXoig , iv&i- 
Zttai. loyag oypuov ovrwg i'dior ioriv, on okov 
yirovg Vdwv iati to na&og, xal oipovov Vdior,e>ontQ 
eloo&ajitv Xiyeip. € Tizag$u by xal h akha yivu tain 
to ' xal tor** ovdguog 6 av&gcmog, xal nXXo t* {iwor: 
£$u aga to Grjfinov «V yag hog fa/% Eliolvvv tav- 
taiati, xal dwqo6fi*&a totavta oripHa cvXXi$aiinl 
rovttoy xmv &wy,S[i6pov wna&og !/« n*oW,(fxaorov 
da exnoripelov, titlntg %v ex*w <***y*V*) dvyrjaofit&o 
Vymoyvtopov&y. 3. J$ ds dvo «>e* tdia oXovtb yirog- 
oioy, 6 Xitov avdgtloy xal fistadottxov • n&g yy&oo- 
ut&ct, nottgov norigov ai\p.uoy\iw idla axokov&ovv- 
twotiptiuv; fj, u SkXywl pi} Sty afi<f>u, xal i* ol? 
pi) bkotg ixategov, oxav to piv %x$<> to da py; el yitg 
wdgtiog (iiv, iktv&igwg de p j, fy* ^« ( ^ Ma todi- 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



AN ALT?. POST. U&L CAP. L 145 

Sfylor, 8» x«l A** tov Aaoircoc tgi/zo (nj/itfov c?j$ ay. 
dgslixg. 4+ >f £oTt dy to (pvqiQyywftoyuv iv j$ ngmqp 
a%r^am »$ *6 /isorov t<£ /iay ngmta axgtp aniorgi- 
q>sat, tov ,di vgltov vnsg% tivuvy %ct\ ^ aynorgiyeiv: 
Oior, ctvdglct, to A' lot angwiygia fisyuXu , £<p ov 
S • 10 da r, Mm* r Jli 8% jo r, to B Tray?*, aJUa xa2 
ctJltoj?. *Jli teii B y %o A navrl, xeti ov nXeiooir, 
ukX inmgixpiu JSt d« fwj, qwx Sato* & |yi$ or^slor. 



API2T0TEA0T2 

ANAATTIKX1N TSTEPiiN 

BIBAIA ATO. 



LIBER I. 

CAPUT I. 

JLLaaa didcuncctXta xee* Troaa pa&7}oig tiictvonnxri ix 
nQovTtagxovoijs yiyqtw. yvtootag. 2. &Mftg6v di 
xovxo dtaoovow 4nl naowv, J& x% yag pad"qpfiLtix(tl 
Twy imoTr}ti&v $ii toviov tov tginov nsQalvorrou, 
xal j&v SUw btfiorrj Ttjpwv. 3/Opoiwg dexal negl 
tovg Xoyovg, ot %t dii ovXXoyionmv, *a* ol di&taya- 
yy$ ' ttpyoTtooi yag dia ngoyivwoxofisvaiv itoiovvtai 
Aribt. Anal. K 

- Digitized by CjC 



140 ARISTOTBLIS 

rijv didmoxaXlap* oi par lapftdyoptig argnaoahmi** 
tw>, ol di diutvvvug to xa&6Xov Sta toi dtjXop Am 
to xa&ixaotop. 'Jloavttsg xal . ol fatoQtxml ovp- 
nti&ovow * ij yao diet nagadBtypatvp, o iottp ina- 
7*yV H &* iv&v pr} paw* , onto iotl ovXloyiopo^ 
4. dtx&S 9 9 apayxaiop, ngoyamoxnp • t* pbr yaf> 
ou iotl, noovitoXap(iapw avaynatop* ti Si, %l to 
'hyoptvov ioti, tvvli?c* dti* tit d* ap(pa}> CHop, *» 
pip anew tj <prjoai jj aftoqpwrcu aXrj&&, ott ioti* to 
fle tgtympop, on toil oupatpu* typ di poydda Spqm, 
xal ti oqpaipn, xal on ioth*'ov yito opoiatg rovrmr 
ixaotov drjXov jjplp* 5* "JEati di ypuql&ip i* pip ngo- 
tegov yv&qftorta, t&p 6i xal Spa Xapfldvovta t*f 
yvwoip, oloy, Soot tvyxayu opta vnb to xa&oXov, w 
.%** Tqy ypwgiv ou pipydg nap tgtytovop %x** dwiiP 
og&sug Voag, ngojjdn 4 ow di tods to ip r£ fiptxv- 
xXha tgiytoyiy i<ruv, Spa inayoptpog iyv(oqujtv. *£vt- 
<ov ydg tovtop thy tgonop r\ pf&fjotg taxi, xalov dia 
tov pioov to taxatoy yvagi&tai, oca ydy twy xa%f 
htaata tvyxdvu orta, xal pij xa& vnoxupivov wo?. 
6. Hob d' tnax&fyat rj Xafi&p ovXXoyiopop , tgonoy 
pip tiva Tow (parity Motao&ar tgonov d* aXXop 
bv. °0 yag pn %d& li eonv anXag, tovto nwgudeirj, 
ou dvoly og&alg foag fysi anXwg; aXXot dtjXov, wg 
adl piv iniotatai, ou xa&oXov Motatai , anXStg di 
ovx Motatai. 7. J& di pij, to iv t$ Mspwpi ano- 
Qtipa ovpptioetaf -5 yaq ovdip pa&^onai, y, a 
aldsv. 8. Ov yaDdrjfUgyitiptgiyxeiQOVOi Xvhp , ir- 
xtiov aqa oldag anaoav tivada, 6'w dgtia, fj ov; 9^- 
oavtog di, ngoorjvsyx ap ttpa dvaia, vp ovx ycro df- 

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ANALYT. POST. LIB. I. CAP. II. 147 

rat, &<n oW aorlav liovat'yao, oi qpaaxorrtg urn- 
cm tidireu &v«6a£piia* ovaav, all*, ijV Tvaoiv, Zj* 
dvag. Kaitot fatten /tie*, ovneo lyv iirodttS* froverv 
xal oi slapor • tlafior (f ovfl nartog, oiap ndaatp, 
or* rofymov, % oik aQi&poe * 'al£ anlmg xaxa nar- 
vog aokd-pov, xal totyowov. Ovdtpla yap nooiaaig 
XapPavncu roimvtri, on, 8* av oldag, iq&ubp, ?, o 
av oldag, ti&vygafiuov, alia xati nartog. 9. *Jft£ 
ovdk* (olpai) xulvei, o pav&avei ug , &niv ig ktU 
OTao&at,$o%i d* &g aypo&v* "dtonor yao, ovx d 
oldi ntag, S pay&ipu ? al£, u idl, olop, y paf&aptt, 

caput n. 

'£nlataa&at ft oloue&a txaarop anl&g, ( cilia 
pr) tor flotpiotixhv xoinov to xaia ovfifopriuog, jota* 
%i\vi ahlar omut&a ytpwaxeip, dt %p %o noayfid 
iortr, &r* ixibov aitia Arc* * xal fiy fydiz*o&ai tovt 
altos «#«**» 2* dilov toipvp, em totovror %t to &/- 
axao&al ion, Kal yog xal ol (ty imatauspot, xal ol 
inunapipot, oi uiv oXoruu avtol ovtcd? s^civ * oi di 
intaiaptpoi xal fyovoiy mots+ov Sutlfiig iotiv int- 
<r*VM> T °v* advvajov allmg $xnv. 3. £l uat ovp xal 
frfQog iaxt iov Moraa&at joonog, vattoov ioovu* • 
<pap£v da xal di anodtl&MK tld&cu* 4>*dnidti$ip H 
ldy» avlleyiouop imotriuopixov. 'j&ttotiytaptxop Si 
l&yw, na& op iw fyw airbp friara/trfc*. 5. Mvol- 
wv lorl to inlataa&ai, olop s&eutp* avayxr\,xa\jrp 
anodtiHiixriv inter jftArp i£ alij&ary t thai, xal 7to»- 
rwv, xnl apiomv, *ctl yvMQiptnigwy, xal ngoTigar, 
xal aUlwp jov ovftmQaopatog. Ovtug yio taortai 

K2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



148 ARISTOTELiS 

xai at agxal olxucu xov duxwfiivov. 6* ^vlkoytopo; 
psv yug sovat xaluvsv xoixw k otnodeifads ovx %<nar 
ov yig ivoiqcm kiwtr\pip. 7.ldX$i&fj pc? ovv 3u «i- 
*w«, on ovx e<m to prj ox Moxao&w olox , ox* % 
duipstgog avpfuxgog.' 8. 9 Ex ngwxwv d* axanodti- 
tnwp, on wh: imotr\artatr pr\ s%w anod&SiP aiwv- 
Toyctg im<oxa<r&<n, w anod*t£ig Aw, pn xaxaovu- 
fitptjxog, to %&w anods&r text*. 9. AXxia %*, xai 
yx&gywtBga Ac? thai, xa# ngoztgot. j&na fdv, oxi 
tots iniorttii$&a, oxav xfjx alxtmv tldupsr • xat srpo- 
Ttoa, tXrng aliioi* x«* ngoy&taoxiparoi, pi ftovo* toy 
htgov xgonov xoi Ivviivm , AXXa xai tw cl^atat , on 
Am*. 10- Ilgoxsget d 3 iotl xal ynagip&riega dyus. 
Ov yig tavxox, ttoorcooy t J cpiW, xat ff£o?^u£$ 7roo- 
Tfoov ovdi, yxwgifmtfgov , xal 4ffuv yxmgifjuBXtgot* 
Aiyto di ngbq fj/jiag< psv ngottgaxal yvngifuoxtga xa 
iyyvxegox xijg at<r#^a«»£ * omAft>£ 6*e ngovsga xulyvv- 
giptoxtga la-rroggtovegov. v MXni di 7to$$maxm ph> xa 
xtx&vXov fiahvota * iyyvxam Mi xi xa&dxacra • xal 
trvTbtsiTOuvavT aXX^ioig. 11. *E* itgwxw d' Am to 
& ixQXw* ohttitov. Totxrib yo)g Xtyw ngmo* x&lagzip. 
1% tyzjl ^* AmV dnodtlfr&c; wgoraoig aipsoof. v AfU- 
pog di, i t g ft*) ^i<nirS%hj ngorigu. Hgoxeung d ' Ajt*i> 
anocpdxoBiag rb htgox fiogtov, tr *We*o£* foalsxx*- 
X7) ph r\ hfioiwg Xafiftavovoa bnoxtgovovv* cwrodu- 
xxixi\ dk y toQiofidvwg daxtgov, ouixXr)\>ti$. jftr^pay- 
oig ds avTupoioettiS onoxtgovovx fiogtov. Ifvriyetms 
d"*avxi&tmg, rig ovx low /ueragttgord-' avtrjr. Mogiov 
tf artupaosmg, to piv %i xmot rivog, iotl xuta<paaig m 
to di Xb &ito xiyog, anotpamg. 13. 'dfiioov 3* agzys 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. I. CAP. II. 149 

CfvXXoytortxrig &9<n* ptv ley at, tjp pfiioti §ei£cu, fiyd' 
txvayxri tx*w *** pa&fjoofiepop ti„ "Hp & draper) 
%Xnv tiv ottovp pa&i}o6fitvov, aSiwpa. "Eonycigtvia 
roiavta • tovto ydg pdXioj inl toig toiovioig*i&&a- 
fitv Xiyziv ovoftet* 14. Oiatwg d 3 y usv onoxegovovp 
twp pogiwp trig dnoydvomg Xaft^dvovoa t (olov Xiyo), 
to ilpaltt, if, firj elpaiti,) vno&eotg* % d* aVei/wv- 
tov bgiopog. *0 ydg ogiofiog &ioig flip iott" t/#*- 
ra&yag 6 agi&piitixdg poradot to dSialgstop slvo* 
xara to no'eov vno&toigd 3 ovx eoti* tbydg,tii<ru 
fiord g, xal to, thai povddec, avtairov. 15. *£ntl oi 
dst morsveir re xal tUivai to nqaypa t$ toiovtop 
sfcuv ovXXoywffibv, op xaXouptv anoduZw, *<m & ov- 
rog t<5 tad 3 slvai, it tov o ovXXoyiofiog * avdyxij, j*ij 
fAOVOv ngoytpmaxeiv td tiqcotcc, jy ndpta, ij evia, aXXd 
yea* fidXXov. Ide} ydy, 8i o vTidgxei exaoiov, ixifoo 
fiaXXop vndgxet, * o\op r b*i o quXovpep, ixttpo jxdXXop 
yLXov. "Jlot, tltotg Vaptv d&d td ngwta xal motevo- 
psv, xyxnva iop$v t« xal movtvopev paXXor, on St* 
ixtiva xattd votsgop, 16. Oijf olov te de motsveip 
pdXXor, tap oldep , a firj tvyxdrti /jltjib tldwg , prp9 
fiiltiop diaxeipBPog, ij, ti frvyxaytp ddmg. 2vp$i\~ 
arrctf oe tovto, ti py tig ngoyvdonai tmw dt anodsi- 
tip motsvoptap ♦ pdXXor ydg dpdyxq nwitvur taZg 
agxettg, rj nduaig, ij not, tov ovftTtsgdofiatog, 17. 
Tov 6i fiiXXopta $U& tqp inmvmw ™P $?drtedei£t- 
wg ov (aovov du tdg agxdg u&XXorypagl&w, xal paX- 
Xov avta%9 motsvw , %. t(o deixpvpipbj • dXXd /tyd 
a\Xo avTto motdtSQOP elvou, fit}de ypiagifimtgop t&p 
avnxHftivwp *a7g dgxetig, i$ iv tqtai ovXXoyw(ioS o 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ISO AJUSTOTELIS 

xyg ivartiag Andres* eitao duTQfjkrtowptvov £sl*5f 
aynanxiaxov rfy at» . , ^ 

^ CAPUT HI. •" 

%!r/oi( /«$» ow diet tidup xi ngaka dnlazao&ai 
<m3 $o*« imaTfjftfj thai xoig d\ &va* fU* , aarra? 
pirtoi anofoiUig that. r Slv ovdhtgox out alif&eg f 
ovj avayxdiov* 1. Ol u*v yag V7to&ipe*oi py that 
Slag Moxao&at, ovxot tig anstgov i&ovaiv avayu 
a&at, &g ovx av tourtapivovg xa vaxega 9ia xi ngor 
xtga, iav pq ioxi ng&xa • og&£g teyorwg* ativratof 
yag xa anstga ditX&stv* El di taxarxa*, teal tloif 
agx<*h xavxag uyrotorovg thai, anodeftuAg /* ui ov* 
otj$ afowy • oJieo qpaoiy «7*cu to inloxa<J\>ai fiovov tl 
9$ ay faxt xi ng&xa ud&cu, ovdi xa in Tovrcay swat 
iniorao&ai, ov9e aizlwg, ovds xvgtog, aXX* 4£ wro#e» 
a stag, d ix&va ixniv. 3. Ol 9* mglpbr xx>v inioxa* 
G&ai ouoXoyovat * 9$ a7to9€i£9ug yag dvou popov* 
*JQla Ttuvxwv stvai ernadc i£i»v ovdiv xwXvur ' £v9£x*~ 
o&cu yag, xvxko) yfag&ai xip anodnSiv, xal i$ al* 
lyltoY. 4. Huitg 9i q>auir , ovxe naoav iniGx^fifjt 
ano9sixxixfp slvcu> aXXd xvp xmv apiawv avan69u+ 
xxov (xai xov& on avayxmiov, qnxvtgov. JBi yag 
ivuyxnjisv, inUrxaa&at xa noozcoa, xai, 4$m> % anor 
9s£ig, Xaxaxai 94 noxs xa Sfisaa - xavx ayanofauaa 
av6yxv\ elvai). laxri ovv ovxm Xiyouev* xal oi po~ 
vov imoxrjuriv, aXXa xal agxqp imoxfjfiys elval xivq 
yauiv, | tovg ogovg yvrngiiopsv. 5. Kvxlty d\ Zn 
idvvaxov *no9etxvvo&ai anXwg, 9tjXor, sVmg ix woo* 
xigmv 9(i ryv anodstftv tlvat,,xal pwgLficoTiQvv* adu- 
vaxov yag ioxt, xa avxat&v aimv upa ngouga xal 

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ANALYT. POST, MB; L/CAP. IH. 151 

idregm elw**, u (ly top fnqov tqonop • vie*, tot fib 
ispbg fjficiQ • tit d* itnX&g, opmg tqottqv y inctyuyq 
Ttoitt yptoo*fiop* £i d' ovtgh, ovx «y ui} to anting s<- 
divaixvX&s m^gfdpopf aXXot dittop' 1} ovx anXoog v\ 
htiqut ano&e&g yytpopipri ixtwp%iupyptaQifiwtiQ(o^ 
6~J8v(t/3aip$i de toXg Xiyovot , xixXta ti\p anods&p 
tlvat, ov jaopop to v vp UQypivop, aX£ , ovdiv aXXo 
Xiyup, ij, Sti tovt sottp, si tovt totwovtw dinap- 
ra $(fdiov jbu£ai. , Jr\Xov &*, ox* tovto ovpP&ivti, 
TQunv 0(wy tsdivttov. To fisp yoiQ dia txqIXwp , n 
dt oXlyap apaxaptittsip qpaveu ov&kv diaq>igsi' oV 
oXtyatv d 3 ,^ dvotv. u Oiav yao, tov A 6 ptog $ Uavay- 
%i\g |y to JB* tovtov di, to T' tov A Snog, sot at to 
T. El drj, tov A b'ptog, apayxq, to B thai* tov- 
rov d' opiog, to A %(tovto yag qy to xvxlty) xei- 
o&& to A y 4<p* ov to JT. To ovv, tov Boptog, to A 
tlvat Xdyup, iatl to /*£ sJpaQ Xiyuv. Tovto d*, ow> 
tov A optog, to rioti* to di JTtm A to ay to. "Jlota 
ovfi^aivet, Xiyeip toig xvxXqt opaaxovrag uvai rr\v 
ano&e&y ovdiv hsoov^nXriv oil, tov A op tog, to A 
iaxiv. Ovt& 8i navxot dei£tu §qdwv. 7. Ov ufa 
ik£ ovtii tovto dvpatop nX%v inl tovt up, Sou aXXrj- 
loig Unnat, aonso tit ¥$ia. 'jEvog pep ovp xupipov, 
didstxtat, oti ovdsnot apdyxrj, t* shaistegop, Aiym 
d* hog y oti ovts Sgov kybg , ovts &iatwg piag tt&si- 
<J7)g„ .*Mx.dvo di &do*Gip ngwtwp xal iXaxiotqp frda- 
Xttaif sVntgxal ovXloyioao&m* 3 Eap (iu> ovv to A 
tw B xal Tip rm^rat, xal tavt aXXrjkoig , xal t§ 
A' ovtta fjth ivodxuou, 4& aXXqlw deixpvpa* nantu 
t« ahri&ivta & t$ nyknq 0X*Jfu*u 9 wg diduxtaf i» 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



152 ARISTOTELIS 

ToTff mglevXXoyt^fiov. jUktxjai 6i *«♦> Sri & txSg 
SXXoig axr\}ioi<ftv t[ ov ybwttu avXXoy*oftog t $ ov Ttq* 
iwv \r)<pdirt<BY. Tit depf) a*ttx*v*y ogovper aovdw 
pwg iaxi Mftt* xvxXtp. "flof, irtudt). oXiya totmvra b 
talg aitodsifroi, q>avtgbv, on ntvov te xal vdvvaxov 
to XiytiVy i$ aXXrfXwv that tiJv anofath* , xal dii 
tovto ivdiXto&cu, navtm thai aiti&ubv*. 
CAPUT IV. 
9 £7iBt d* advvaxov aXXtig %x*w> w hmv &r«rnfpq 
* anrXiog, avayxaXov ay rity to 4ftuTtr}*br to xaTcc t^j» 
anodettniKiiy bticrtnfiTjv* ano$£ixTixii d' &jt*x, »}* J*o- 
/Uw T(S ffr«x a?ro^€i|cy* If avnyxetltov aqa avlloyt- 
cr^os toriv f} anofo&g. 2* Axpctio* &$u,ixtktwwxal 
noioiv aiomodsiStig dot, Ugonov ds SioiiiGt»ptv,xLU- 
yoptv to xot« Trayio?, xa* t/ to xa#* awo, xa* ti xb 
xatfo'Aot/. 3. JfaTa navxbg (jt&y ov* tovto At^u, o 
«vt|, ft»; bit xwog \ihv t ttvbg tfi aij- /ut^« wots ^ir, 
noxe tfi jmJ. Olox, ei xata navxbg av&gxanov j&w 
$1 aXri&ig, topi* dnuv av&goi7iov,aXri&eg,xal£(»ov' 
xal, el vvv <&dxtgOy, xal &dxsgov • xa*, el & waaij 
^qaftJAfi otiypri, &oavt<ag. 2i\puQv de*xal yag tag 
ivataoug ovtta (pigofitt, &g xonra navxbg lottTOjpcyofy 
^j w, ini xivipy, % d'nots fiTj. 4*Ka& avtit d* 9 Saa 
vnaQXH iv T(» t/ Iotxv • otox xgtywvy ygafifirj , xaJ 
ygafififi pxiyw ' f) yag ovoia avxwv ix tovtmr &rr*, 
xal iv to) Xoyw tw Xiyortt, tl i<mv, iwitdgx^* -Kai 
oaotjTwy ivvTiagxovTtoy avxolg avxab x^ioywlru- 
nagxovGt x$,'x£ Am, d^Aovro. oTox, to ev£v vnaq- 
%h yga(tp% xal Tojregtcpegig • xa* to mgixtov xal aq- 
twvfy&py xaltb nqmop xal ofo$vtov •««* lowiev- 

DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANALYT. ETJ&T. hlUif. CAP. IV. *** 

igov ««* £r tfdptfKt? * . ««} ««a* tovtw fe*ro*£iov<»y iv 
t» Ao/o> tw> ii Am, Xsyovn, IVtfa /u& y gappy, &#« 
3 * ag&pog. 'Omoietg $s xal inb tmv vllwvta totav-o? 
httttrsots »a&* ami Uyw. "Oaa depydttigmginagxet, 
wpftsfirixOTa' olov, to povautbv, tj Itvxbv j$ gwqp, 
6* T&f* o pq xa& vnexsytwov Xiysxat SlXov wyog. 
Olov, to fiaM&ov if levxov, thegov %i ov, fiadi£ov4etl, 
xal Immov q d* ovoia, xal oaa todt ttenpahm, oi>x 
tttgov tt onotr iotlv , omg iatL T& pkv &% py xa%? 
vnoxttp&ov xa& aita Xiyta* ta d$xa& nmoxupfyov 
avp§t^ifx6ta* 6*"MTid 3 aHov tgonov to ph di av- 
%o vnuQXQP kxiotq* xa& avti • to t 6i pi) $i avtb avp- 
Ptfiijxog. Olov, u Pvdi&vxog qotgaft, avu^Bpijxog' 
ov yog tiijk to padlttiv fprtovifttv, alia ovv&pi], qp«- 
- fjL&y,*9VTo+ Ei di 6i avtb, xa&* avto, Olov, tl tig 
aspartoptvog dm&avt, xal xata tip ocpayqv, on 
Stct to oyditso&ai , ali ov awi/Ht), oqtattopevov 
ano&avuv* 7. Ta agaXfyopeva iwl tSv anting iiu- 
atriiw xatf ait a qvto)£, [atgjivyitdgxsiv *&$ xatT)- 
yogovpmrotg, % &vnctQxto&ak , dt afnd ti iati, xal 
i£ Avayxfig* Ov yag hbix^ai,. pr t vitdgxw n ocnliog, 
% ta avtutBifitva* olov, ygappfj tbtv&v, ritbxapnv- 
Xov, xalagi&pia to mgittbv, % to agtiov. "JEon ydg to 
bavtlov % atigyaig, v avrkpaotg iv tip avtu yivn* 
olov, agtiov to firj nsgittbv iv agt&polg, $ instat* 
"Jlot, ti avayxfj, <pdvat, ij inoyavav avdyxrj, xal tit 
xa& avta vnaqxuv. 8. To per ovv xata navtbg, xal 
xa& avra, duogia&ta toy tgonov xovtov. 9* Ka&oXbv 
de Uy», o avxata navtog t% indoxji, xal xn&* avtb, 
xal # av%6. lb*. &av$Qov ago), on, 00* xa&olov, 4$ 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



154 ARISTOTELIS 

vpdyxfjg vxvfzn tolg ngaypaot % 11; Tb *a&* avxi 
di, xal jj avxb, xuvtqy % C&or, **&' aixb tiJ ygappjf 
vitngxu oxiypii , *alxd*v&v* xalyag, jj ygapjur}- 
utdxa xgtywvw, Jjtgly&pov, dvo 6g&ai* xalyag xa&* 
avxb xb xglywop dvo bg&atg low* 12. To xa&6Xov 
di vnagxn totm, oxavMxov xvxopxogxal ngtaxov du- 
xrvtjxcu. Olov, to dvo og&ag ifrw ovxt tw o%qpa*l 
iatt xa&olov (ncthoi eon du$at naxa' oxtjfiaros, 
oxt dfo og&ag c/e«, all* ov xov xvxopxog qzqputog ■ 
vidi /o^rm tu ti#oW oxtfp*** b duxrvg), Tb yag 
xixgdymop oxnp* pipy ovx ex** di dvo bg&aig taag. 
To da wooxtlig fyu pip to xvxbp dvo ig&ctlg teas, 
ill ov ngwxop • dXXa xb xglyavop vtgoxegov • o xoiww 
to xvxbv ng&xop dsixpvxeu dvo og&ag bxop, ij bxtovp 
uXXo • xovttp ngwnp vndgxn xa&oXov • xal f^ano- 
dt&g xa& 7 aixb xovxov xa&oXov ioxl* x»p d* SlXw 
xgonov xipa ov xa& avxb • ovdi xov ioooxtlovg ovn 
%&xixa&6Xov, al£ M nXiov* 

CAPUT V. 
"del di pr\ Xay&dvnr, oxt noXXaxig ovpflabeLdut" 
pagxdpup , xal py VTtdgxeip *b duxvpwop ng&xop 
xa&6Xov, fj doxn deixpvo&ai xa&oXov ngStxov. *Ana~ 
rtopt&a* di xavxtjp %r\v anarrjv, oxap fj pijdiy fi la* 
pnv dptoxegop nagi xb xa&ixaoxop, y xot xadixaaxaf 
V V P EV * ***** vpMWtpov f) inl dioupogoig ttdti nqdy- 
paoiy r\ xvyxdpv op, &q ir ptQH, oXov, &p ydthtpv- 
rat • xdtg yag & pign vndgUi ph y OModtgig, xal 
tdxat xaxa navxbg, aXX' opwg ovx ear eu xovxov ngtH> 
xov xa&oXov i\ aTwdnStg. Aiyta di xovxov ngofoov. 
% xovxov i inods&p, hxayy ngwxav ua&oXov, % 



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ANALTE, POST, LI& L CAP. V. 155 

JSt.ow ttg dsi^sisv, on al og&ul ov ovpnlmovoi, dot- 

£utv avtovxov uvea q i7f6dsi£is[xvQlais], diet to in) 

naawp dvcu i«y ogdwv* Ovx h'axt d£* sl'nsg jij], Sxj 

G)$l la at, yivmak%ovx& iXX % ontaaovvloai. 3*Ku\ 

si rglymvov pij r\v aXXo s % laoaxsXig, ij ioooxsXsg aV 

idoxu vnaQxw* 4. Kal xo avaXoyov oxi SvaXXaS, p 

aQi&pol, xal jjyqappal, xal jj cxsgsa, xal fi xqovqi, 

wansQ idslxrvxo noxs x^S* ivdsxopsvov ye, xaxi 

uavrtov ju% i&nodsi&si dux&nvou* allot dia xo jiii . 

tlvaiwouaapsvov z* navxa xavxa tp, agi&uol, prlxy, 

XQOvoi, areata, xal stdst duxcpsgsiv oiXXiX(ov,x&jgh iXaj*- 

fioivsxo • vvv ds wt&cXov dsixvvxat • ov yag, y ygctpr 

/"«*> V>fi ixiji&poi, VJtqgxsv &X£, jjjxodl, oxa&oXov. 

vnoji&svxai vnaqxsw. 5* diet xovxo ovd* av xi$ 

duly xa& sxaaxov to xgiywvov anodslSet, r\ pia g 

&xiga,.oxi dvo' og&ag fysi txaoiov, xo XoonXsvgov /<«- 

ills, xal to QxaXqpbv, xal xo taonxsXig' ovnv> olds, 

to xglywor oxi dvo oQ&alg poovjt si py xov oo<pioii~ 

xop xqqtzov • ovdsxa&oXov xgiywpop, ovd', si pydip 

iax* naga xavxa tgiywvov ftsgov* ov yag, % xglyoapop, 

oldsp' ovds nap xqiyavop, aXX*, fj xax agi&pop* xax 

stdog d*_ ov nav, xal u pud&p iaxip, o ovx olds. 6* 

Hox ovp ovx old sy xa&oXov , xal nbx oldsv anXigs 

d%Xop dij, or*, si xavxop r\v xgiywHp slpai xal iao- 

nXsvgq, ijj kxdoxq , rj nam* * u ds pr\ xavxov, aXt 

ehqov, vnagxu d', jjj xgiytovov* ovx olds, 7. Jloxsgof 

& * V To/ywvov, fj , jj iaooxsXig, vnagxsi; xal noxs 

uaxaxov'fr' vntxgxsmgctiTQv; xalxa&oXov xlvog ^ «tto- 

«hif*$; &v\Xov> oxi, oxov 9 oKfaigovpivwv finagln ngdxta. 

(jiov x$ioooxtXuxaXx$ xqiymvm vnaglovoi dvo of^a^ 



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156 AMSYOTBLIS | 

,iXXi xcil tov x<*l*ov* tirat ayaigt&iinoe, xal rov Jgo- l 
ox*Xig'aX£ ovxov oxwatog&nigurog'aXi ov,ng€iT«f t \ 
Tivog ovv nguiov; u dy tgiynrov, xatu tovvo vndgzn I 
Maiio%s8XXoig,xctlT6vtov xadoXov Sorhf q anodstte. 
CAPUT VI. 
JEf o$p low ij a*ro6*«*KTi»i} &m<nttfit\ <£ avayxai- 
&y agx<av (o yap htiaxaxw, ov dvyatopaXXwg &«r) 
ta ds xa& avra wtagxorta arayxcua toig ng&ypa- 
Qtv • (t« /u«* yap & t§ «* fort? vnagxn ' *0*S £' «v- 
*a & tw tliottv vnagz** xarqyogovpiyois a vim, 
itv &attgor twv ctyrtxHp&vGiV avayxi) bnaqxtiir) q>a- 

VtgOV, OTt $* tO*OVT(»)V XV9&V S* **fl O tOTod£fftTJXO; 

avXXoyiOftog. "Anav yag 1} ovwtog vnagx**, % xata 
avpfoPiixog • Ta fli ovfifitp^xitu ovx arayxata. % 
*H$i} ovt<d Xsxtsov * fj agxv* depirotg, on fj anodu- 
$ig avayxaLov Aro, xat, si anodidunweu, ovx °^ p 
t aXXmg %xw. *E& arayxatw Sga du that top avX- 
Xoyio/iov. 3. *£$ alti&uv flip yog ion xul ptj ano- 
dsixvvrra ovXXoyioao&ai' $ apayxaimp d* ovx Sow, 
alt 1} anodnxpvyja 9 tovxo yag ydy anodslfrtog ion. 
4. Supiiov d*, or* fj anodst&ig 4j? apayxatwp, on xal 
tig botaoug ovrta <pdgo/isp ngog tovg olofUvovg otto- 
dttxvvvai, on ovx avayxrf Sv oi&fjis&a, % oXmg ivdi- 
Xso&ai aXXmg fdrttr], ij sptxi ys rov Xoyov. 5. 4%- 
Xop d* ix rovtow xal, on tvtj&Hg oi Xap(ia*uv olo- 
f*cvoi xaXwg tag igxag, iiv evdo£og p t) ngotaotg xal 
juXq&fa* clop ol ooytarai, on to Inioxoio&xu to intr- 
ajWy ?T«*y. Ov yag to Vvdolov ^ M igxn &™> 
€*XXd to ngurovTov ydvovg, mgl o delxwzctr xa* t«- 
Xtjdis oi nS* olxHoy. 6. ^t* 8*1$ iwyxmiw tlytti 



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ANALYT. POST. LI*. I. CAP. VI. 157 

del tov ovXXoytofiov , <paviobv xal 4x Twd*. JS* ydg 
6 fit) e%wv Xoyov tov dia ri, ovorjg dnodiitnag , ov* 
intoryfiw tiij 6* av, wort to A xcnd xov r i$ avdy- 
xijg vn&Qxw TO.oa -B , uioov, di ov antdtlx&n t fffl 
i$ avayxyg • ovx oldt, dioih Ov ydg ion xovxo did 
to ufoev • to juv ydg iv8ix**ai, fih shw to ob ot/fi- 
nigaopa dvayxalov, T^Eti, ti'Tig fit) olds, vvv fyup 
xbv Xoyov, xal oa&fiBvog, ow^ojuivov tov ngdyuctTog, 
fiil imXtXyapipog, ovdi[$Qa] ngojegovjidst^ Q&aQtlr) 
d' av to [lioovt u fiti dvayxalov. "Short S«* ah tov 
Xoyov, o(ot6p6vog 9 oafritivov Tovngdyuarog* ovxoIZm 
di * oyd 3 aga itgoxt^ov jjdsi. El $i ur\ t<p&ctQT&i, ivv 
diztjeu dk qxfragijvar to ovpfictivov avei'rj dvvatovxal 
ivdezofievov. *AX£ botiv advvaxov, Toy ovTwg ifaortn 
tidevoti. 8.°(hav ph ovv to ovpnigaofia it avdyxyg 
?), dvtiev xsolvn, to piaov fiy dvayxalov shut, dp ov 
idfdx&n ' mi yap to dvayxalov xal pjt it dvayxaimv 
ovXXoyiaeta&ai , w&bsq #q} aXrj&eg ix uij aXti&wp. 
"Qtav.bixb pdffov it avAptrp • xal to ovunigaoua it 
avdyx7\g * aanto xal it uXq&wv aXy-d-eg dsL "Earatyag 
to A xaxa xov B it avdyxyg, xal xovxo xaxa tov r* 
prayxalov xotwv, xal to A t$ r vndg&hv. "Oxav 6e 
pri dvayxalov 17 to ovunigaapar ovdi ib ufaov dvay? 
xaiov olovx. Aval- "E*w yag t . xoAxyT ui) it dvdy* 
xi\g vnagxw, t$ dlJB, xal xovxo t# r.it dvdyxqg* 
xal to A aga to* r it afdyxr^g indgtn • aXX' oix, 
iiU*u\o* 9. 'End Tobvv, o Maxazai &7zofoixrjLx<og r 
del it avdyxf^g ptrppjfw , StjXov, on xal dta pioov 
dvayxalov del extw Tyv anodet&iv% "Hovx imoxyaiwh 
w%9 dioti, ov%9, 'on ivdyxfj, ixuvo ztvai. *AX£ q 

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158 AR1ST0TELIS 

tilri<mal ;' ovn tiSwg, tin vnoXa/hj ig arayxoTap to 

fit} avayxaior* ij ovd* olrjoetai opoimg, idr re to ot# 

tidy dm ftioo* , 4op ft to Stoti xal Si ap£om*~ 10, 

T&* Si avpptpiptoxw pi\ xa& avra, op rgonov dW» 

gia&tj ra xa&* avra, ovx sariv imar^fjir} anoSsiXTut^ 

Oi yog iarip 4£ avayxijg S&$cu to ovfAitigaopAi* w 

avpfoprjxog yog ivSizttai py vnagz*** * *«0» rotov- 

tov yog Xiyv evftpsptixotog. 11.- Kctkot, anogfam 

or rig tang, rtvog tvtxa javraSitigmr^nBglrovrw, 

u fifj dvayxrj, to aVfMUtigaafia etvai; ovSsr ymg Sia- 

<pi$8t, *t Tig igm&u&og' ra rvxorta, tlra itnoi to 

ovpuiigaoua. 12. Ju di iowtijp, ovx &g avetyxaior 

thai (kit ta ygarfjuira, aX£ ori Xdyup arayxn t« 

ixuva Xiyorti, xat aXti&ug Uyuv, ii* <*Xt}&&g p 

vnxgxovrcu 13* 3 £jni*d 7 ft ctrdyxfig indent mp 

fxaorov yirog, ova xa&' affta vnugxn, xal # !*«- 

gtov' g^ctvtgor, on negl ruv xa& 9 avra wtagzorrw o£ 

imvtripovixa* aitodtitetg, xal ix rmv roiovrup hgL 

Ta fid* yag avfi/iBftfjxora ovx avayxata* 14. Ifkri 

ovxavayxil ; to avfiniga^ia titer en Siort vnagz*h 

oil', u a$l «fy, prixatf avxo Si, ofov ol diet Grjpdw 

ovXXoyiouoL To yagxa& avxo ov xa& ami imorf}- 

atrai, ovSi ouro. Jo Si Ston Maraa&ai tan ro\ Sia 

rov ahlov iTtlaraa&ttu di avrb aga Sit xal to ftiaop 

t$ tgh(o xal rbng&iov rw piotp vitagxtw, 

. w r CAPUT VII. 

Ovx aga eonri£ etXXov y&ovg finafiavta d£$ar 

olov, to ywpstgtxiv agi&fifjriXT]. 2. Tglayagionri 

if rdig anoSefyow' h (ih, to dnodsuevvpevov ovp>. 

niQaapa' rovrt S' iarl to vnagxov yivu tj^J xa&. 

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ANALYT. POST* LIB, I. CAP, Vm. UD 

• avti * w d$, t« dtuopata : » a£«u/uar« & Arti?, *£ c&r 
tgltov to yevog to vnoxtiftwov , ov ta na&q xal -si 
. *«£\ iirvTa wpfiifaxota drjXoi ij «7ro<$w&$. 3/JE$ wr 
^ev ot/y ^ ca*6det£ig, ivdixttm ta av%i cjyau r Jlp && 
to yevog tttgov, atmso dgi&ji^Tix^g, xal ytvpnqiaf, 
ovx sort ti\v aQi&{j.r}Ttx7jr dnodt&v iyagpoaouiniia 
ro7g fieyi&eoi ovpfoprixotor si f*4 *• P*yid"ti aQt&pot 
tl<jt. Tovto &* wgiydixnai inittvaiv, voitoo? Xty&n- 
mtai. 4. "JF d' aQt&firjTMfj anode&g del Ifcu to yivog^ 
tragi o 13 anodt&g. Kal al aXXat ofioiag. Zflote % 
anXag dvdyxr}, to avto tlvcu ydpog , q «#, ft /iill«* 
*j etnofo&g pttapodniV aXXcog d* Stt adwator, $%- 
\ov. *£* yaq rov aviov yivovg avdyxrj ti dxga xal 
ta fuaa shau M yag fiy xa& crura , avpfisfitixita 
i'areu. 5. Jii tovto *jj ystopngia ovx Matt dultn, 
on t&v ivavtkav ula intotrjpr} t a)X ovd*, on 0% dvo 
xvpoi xvftog • ovd* aXXy inwttyty -w trigag • *jtX£ £ iH 
-00a ovtws fast ngog aXXi)Xa t toot itvai 9dtsgov tnto 
6-atsgov* oiov ta oTEttxi ngog ytt»pstgiap, xaltaag- 
povixa ngog agi&utjtu$q*. 6» Ovd\ tttivnagxt*ta%s 
f>Qot(nidig , fiif, § yg appal, xal p ix row agz&v wr 
iSfav' olor, si xaXXiorrj tip ygapft&r y sv&tZa, % 
A framing h'%u tjj moupiDtla* Ov yog , % to tdioy 
yivog ainmv, vndgxsi, dX£, tj xowo* xt. 
CAPUT VIH. 
[QaPsghv 8s xal, day whv ainootaaais xa&Slov, 
i* toy o avXXoyiopbg, ou avdyxrj, xal to avpnigaspa 
d'l'dior elyeu xijjg toiavvqg dnodt&S(ag, xalrijg (071X09^ 
tlrtiiv) dnotieit-mg. Ovx totiv aqa dnodegtg tw 
ty&aot&v, ovd 9 imanifirj anX&g, dX£ oywg, aomo 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



160 ARISTOTEL1S 

xaxa auyK/ftjfcfxoV ota ov xa&okov ainov iaxtv , al- 
ia noti, xal »wff. "(Hat d* ji fotavTf) , aya/Mi) , tip 
ixiqav pi xa&olvv *&«? ngotaaw, x&l <p&aQxrp. 
ip&aQxqv pa* , 01* xal to ov/uuioao/ta, ovarii * j» 
xa&6lov W , -ow tw icijr fbwu , *y & ovn torcu, 4tp 
<5y. "ilora ov« fci * ovAlo//aao£-at xad-oAai/, all', 
or* >vr. 2. c Oppl»J£ 6* j t/stxaifKO* opca/Koi/ff* cWat? 
4<nlr £ ogwpoe fj aqxh ano&ti&ms, ij *n6dv£&g &ioa 
dieupfyovov, ij ovpuigaopa t* anoditSewg. 3„ -4* & 
T»f aoiUaxt? ywopbotv aitod*i£st$ ttaUmajftifiou, ohf 
csJUjyijf ixXttytws, dfjlov, eu, y uw jotald* tialr, ad 
•mw* ff 6 9 ovu aei, xaxa /akoo? «mj*V. tftamo f q 
SxAtqptff, «W*VTa>f to*c &U<>'$*] 

CAPUT IX. 

3 £to* o* 9>«ytooFi ow cxacTO* airo&et£aiot/x few, 

aitf 5^x t«)" Ixafftou agx**, fir to fotxpiaww 

vnctQXfl > ?/ «V£yo * ovx fori to iaiaraa&ai rovxo, av 

4$ alfi&w xal avutnofciKtw faz&jl *«* afttW*. lEor* 

yOO OVT« £«*£at , W0TO0 JBQVOUV %OV T*T0ff/WHtylO*. 

2. JCaza xow)' ydo dttxrvovoiv ol xoiovtoi Xoyoi, o 
xa* erto<)» vaaolsr oV o xa* 6t aiUea*' tVpaopOTTOWti' 
ol loyot> av.ovyftvSw.. Ovxovv ovx, fj.txuro , ini- 
orarat, alia xata o^u/fr/frpcoV • ov yaq txv 4gtyo/toz- 
tsv t) anods^tg xal 4n alio yivog. 3. a £xounvv &' 
iniovxfte&* firj xaxa, ovjlfitPqvos , Star xorr ixuro 
ywmoxctyur, xa& o vniqxn, & Tab* &Qjfi* wy 6c«- 
vov , |Mwo* olov, vb&valv QQ&distoag tfuv, £ 
wraggft *a& avxo to h^ij/uxov ix t&v aoz&P twv 
tovtov. Slar , u xa& «vto ixiivo vnaqx*h ty vn&qx** 
uxayx^y to pfoov i* t£ avtj qvyyexela drat. 4. d 

. Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB*- 1. CAP. X. 101 

di firj , &l£ , &g t« agpovtxa di igi&priiutiig * ti di 
toiavta delxwtai pbr tooavtug, diaq>igst di. To fi&r 
yig ott frigag $iti<nv\pr&' to yig vnoxilpwov yivog 
stsqov. To di diOTi T*ig Siva, ?/? x*& av%& %i nd&ff 
iotlv. "Jlcts xal ix tovrarp yavtgov, on ovx saw ano- 
du$cu txaatov anX&g , aX£ tj ix twf Idimv agxix, 
9 AXXi tovtwv at &gx<*l l^ovo* to xowov*. 5* El di 
qpavsgov tovto, qfaytgop xal, on ovx tot i tigkxdatov 
id lag agxig dnodulai • eoovrau yig Sxtivcu itndvtam 
agxal' *al imorfjpi) yixrfvownvgfandrtwv. Kalyig 
inUnatm paXXov o ix t&* avtoxigtov uhiwv sld<ag\ 
iic twv ngoxigtiv yig older, orctv f*y 45 altiat&v sidy, 
aXt al-dw. "flat, tt pillov olfc, xal (idXurta * x$v 
inunrinr) ixdvrj ttij, xal fioiXXov xal pdXiota. 6. '# 
d* anodtgig ovx iq>agp£rtu in ciXXo yfrog , aX£ % 
(a>$ BfgrjTtu), ai ywtpttgixal inl tig ^intixig, j}]/uq* 
XCtvixig, {xal m agi&fjtqtixal inl rig agponxdg}. 7. 
XaXtnov d 3 ioil to ywvvu , u oldw 9 q pq. XaXs- 
nov yig to yv&vcu, dix twv kxdetov dgx&v l'ap&, 
rj uq • on eg iatl to ddsvai • oUus&v d\ a* %*x&p*v 
I! «JUj#wv tuna* -ovXXoyiofioif xal ngit&v, inlota- 
. <j$ar to d 7 ovx Irar* aili ovyywii d& thai toig 
nomoig. 

CAPUT X. 
Mym ti* o\gxi$ & btdoty yivei tavtag, £$, on 
iatl, (if) ivdixttat dii$m, 2. Tl pfrov? aqpahu 
xal rot rigSna xal %i ix tovroav , Xapfiavtta*. "On 
d* tiorri, tig pi? ogxig, avdyxm Xappdvuv to d 
aXXa buxvvvou. Olov, tl povig, % tl to sv&v,xal 
tglymov. JElvai di tip piy povdda , Xotfitiv, xal to 
Arist. Anal. L 

. Digitized by VjOOQlC 



M2 ARISTOTELIS 

fttyt&og* xi If htoadeutvvvai. 3.*Eju d* 9 olgxi™*- 
xou iv xaig anodtutTutaie imoxqpatg, xi fibr. l$ut 
kxdotrjg imar^jurjg * xa de xoiva • xowa ££ atax* oxo- 
Xoyiav ' bul XQV^ov ys, ooov iv %$ vito xtpr itxtaxff 
firjv yhu. "idta fiiv, otov, yoaupiiv elvm xotavdl, xal 
xo sv&v. Kotva ds, olov, xi, laa ino tear av <*P&]7> 
ou loa xi Xoma. *Ixavov d' txaaxov xoyx&v, ooov b 
tw yhw xavxov yio noiffon, x$v (iy xaxi izavxw 
Xd^rj , al£ inl (i$y$&w uovov ' rw d* ift&fiqxtxi 
in aot&u&v. 4."Eoti d' V&ia ftxv x«i, St Xaftfiavtxm 
tlvcu, negl a 17 imox^urj &* oag «* x« vnagxovxa xa&* 
avxa* olov, fiovadag q a^id/cqTtxq * ij di yhotpcxoia 
arjfiua , xal yoaftpag, Tavxa yig Xap/M&ovm xo 
thai, xalxodl uvat. Tadixovxwv nady xa& 9 avxa, 
xl per orjuaivu txaoxov , Xa/ipdvovaiv ' oloy, 17 uh 
(tQi&fitjTixy, xl moixxbv, ilj agxt op , ij xexodymop y if 
xv/Sog • f} di ytotfiSTola , xl xo akoyov , 1? xi xi xtxXa- 
o&at, § vsvuv. "Oxt d' iaxl, deixfvovoi did xb xmv 
xotvwv xal bt xwf anodedtiypivmy. Kal 4 daxgoXoyia 
jjoavx&g. 5. JIaaa yig anodtixxixr) imax^firj ntgl 
xgia iaxlv, 00a x* ehai xl&exat* xavxa fl' iaxl xi yi- 
vog, ov xmv xa& avxi 7ta&7)fidxtov iaxl ^ew^nxij* 
xal xi xoivi, a Xiyofisv dtnopaxa, i^wngdoxtav duo- 
dnxrvovm • xal xqhbv xa na&ri , *** xi oijfiaim IWot- 
crror , Xappavet. 6. 'Evlag pi* xo* toioxtjpa? ovdh 
xnXvu tvux xovxmv naooo^x ' olov, xo yivog firj vjko- 
xi&Bo&at, that, av y qtavsohv, oxt iozlv (ov yao 
ofiolwg bylov, oxi [o agt&ftog i<m> xal, oTi&eofiov 
xal yvxQOv) xal xi na&ri /i« Xafifiavtiv xl a^/uo/- 
vet, av tj dfjXa* wmsp ovdi xi xotvi ov Xafi0iw*$, 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. L CAP. X. 163 

t / otipaivu to , Too* anb torn dq>sX$iv , ou yv&gipov* 
'AX£ ovdsv qvtov ttj yt <f>vau xgla ravrd ion, ntgl 
5, u folxvvoi, xal ci ddxvvoi, xal i£ wy. 7. Ovx cot* 
d* vno&soig, ovd* ai'trffta, o uvdyxri clvat di avio 9 
xal boxtiv avdyxi\. Qvyag itgbg rbv t$w Xoyov f) dno- 
de&g, dXXct ngbg rbv iv ry V v #j5 ' in*l ovdi avXlo- 
yiotiog. *Ai\ ydg ianv irotrivott ngbg top !£« Xoyov • 
aXXi ngbg tov Saw Xbyov ovx id. 8. %)aa pb ovp 
deunu ovia Xupfidvu avtbg pq pslSag* taina, iav 
ftsr doxovvxa XapPdvy tw pav&dvovti , vnoti&BTai • 
xal law ov% anX&g vno&eoig, aXXa ngbg ixiivov po- 
vov. *JEav di, rj firfi$^iidg ivovorig d&ijc, r] xal bav- 
tlag ivovorjg, Xapftdvy * to airrb ahiitai, Kofi tovtw 
dicupigu vno&soig > xal afrupa • lor* yag alxr^ia to 
vntvavrlov tov pavddvovtog tp doty rj oavngano- 
Ssixtbv ov Xapfldvji, xalxgv iai t ^ fc/$a$. . 9. Oi 
fiir ovv ogotovx iioivvno&iaeig' ovde yag elva*, ^fir] 
elvait Ufovxai. *AXt iv taig ngoxdototv alino&ioeig. 
Tov g d ' Sgovg uovov Zwuo&ai del. Tovxo d ' ovx viti- 
deoig* d pi} xal to axovstv vno&tqlvugqtqotuv thar 
dXl, oom ovtfav > tw ixeiva slvai, yivexai to ovpntr 
gafffta* 10. Ovd' o ytnpixgvig ytvdr] vnoxid-rtai,, 
wantg xweg ecpaoav , Xiyovxtg, ag ov fat tw ifjsvdst 
Xg*iQ&tti> tov $8 yitoniiQTp yisvdto&ai, Xiypvxa no- 
diaiav tr\v oi nodialav , r\ tv&ttav tr)v ytygajipivriv, 
ovx sv&uav ovoav. *0 ds ympeTgiiQ ovdb ovfiTttgaivt- 
rai Tip Tr\vd8 sjvai ygapprjv, %? avtog sq&eyxtat, ail- 
Xara 6ia tovtwy dqXovfieva. 11. v Eri to attrnia 
xal vTTo&soig naaa, % wg oXoy, ^ ug iv pig&i* pi d' 
of oi ovdittgov tovxwVa 

L2 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



104 ARISTOTELIS 

CAPUT XL 

JSlflij fib ovv thai , *\ & ti nagd ri noXXi, ovt 
amy XT), d dnode&g tar at, Ely a* fihtoi tvxatunol- 
Zmv, dXij&ig unity avdyxtj' ov ydo total to xa&i- 
lov, av (ii) tovto j]' iav dito xa&oXov firj g, topiao? 
ovx tat at* vex ovb* anodti&g, Jsi aga [rt] ex xahi 
avto inl nXtiovwv *ivai firj bfitavvfiox, 2. To tie ui 
ivdixto&ai Sfia opavai xal dnocpdmi ovdtfila Xaftfta- 
vti anodeibg, aX£ tj idx dig deiSatxal to avfiniga- 
Ofia ovtag. JtlxvvTou di Xafiovoi , to nowtox xaxa 
tov fiioov oti dXrj&ig' dnoydvai d', ovx ccXy&ti- 
To di fiioov ovdiv dtatpigsi thai xal fit] thai Xaflup* 
'jloavtug xal to tgltov. Elydg ido&q, xa& ov ap&(W- 
nox aXrjSig uniiv , tlxjal fit), Sv&gxanov, alt}&k, 
&X£ tifiovov av&gwnov two* tlvat, ftrj fwo* di, pif' 
total yag dXrj&sg tlnitv , KaXXlav, el xal fir, KaU 
XiaVy oficog £(oov, firj &ucvd* ov. AYtiovdi, owtinqia- 
tov ov fiovov xatd tov fiioov Xiyttai, aXXa xal xcct 
aXXov , did to slvai inl nXtioxtox. "Slot ovd*, tl to 
fiioov xal avto iou xal ur) avto , ngbg to ovpniga- 
o/ia ovdiv duupigu. 3. To d' anav ydvou ij a7ro- 
cpdvcti 7} tig to advvatov anodu&g Xappdxti. 4. Kal 
tavta oid 3 dtl xa&oXov, aX£ oaov Ixavox. 'ixaxov b* 
inl tovyivovg. Aiyta di inl tov yhfavg, olov mgloyi- 
vog tag dnodel&ig qpigti, woneg tl'gtjtai xalngoxtgov. 
5. 'Emxoivwvovoi di naoai at iniot^fiaialXijXciig xa- 
td td xoivd. Koivd di Xiyta, olg ygwvtai, dbg ix tov- 
ttov dnoduxrvvttg' dXX* ov, ntglmv dttxxvovoix, ovd\ 
o dtixvvovoi. 6. Kal y duxXtxttxy ndoaig. 7. Kal, it 
ttgxa&oXovntig^todtiMVVxaitdxoivd' olov, otianaf 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. I. CAP. XSL 165 

qdvai xal anoyavat, %, ortlaactnb lonv, ^ mp 
toiovtmv art a, 8. C H di diaXexrixr} ovx Zcniv ovwg 
wgia/uvtop nvav, ovdi yivovg Ivog wog. Ov yag ap 
%gcka. *Anodttxvvvta yag ovx eartv igmijtv, dii to 
tcjv <xvT ixe ipivmv ovrcav fir) deixvva&at to alto. Ji» 
duxiai di tovto iv toig mgl avXXoyujfiov. 
- CAPUT XII. 
JSl di to arrto iirnv igatypa avXXoyianxov , xal 
ngozaoig avwpamw ngotdang di xa&' kxdcnrjv im- 
air\^7\v , 4g wv o ovXXoytvftbg o xa& kxaortpr «*if. at 
ri 4 quit] fi a imajTjfiovixbv , ftwp i natf, kxaorrp o»- 
xtlog yivvtcu rnXXoyiapig. 2. J*fXop Sga, ot# ov nap 
igatfjfia ystofietgtxov av (try ovd' largutop* iftoicog 
di xal inl xmv aXXtov* aX£ i£ mv rj dtlxvvxai tt, mgl 
mov V ystopttgla iorlv, % a 4x imp aVrav dtixvvrat 
if) yemfittgla •* woneg t« omtxa • bfioltag di xal inl 
rwv aXXap. 3. Kal mgl pip rovtmp xal Xoyop itq>9- 
xtiov ix ttw yeuftngutfov agx&p xal evpnegaopa- 
twv. n$gl di %iv ag*i»p Xoyov ovx vcptxrdov t<£ ysto- 
fihgn, ji y%tafiiior\g. f OfioUag dixalinltwv&XXvvint- 
atfift&r. 4. Otrn nap aga txaatop imotrJttova'igi»- 
TTjfia igmyjtop, ov& Snap to (qoaTrnpLSVov anoxguiop 
mgl ixdotov • aXXct %a xata Tr)p Hiorr\pt>r\P tfiegt- 
o&ivra, 5. El di diaXO-etat ysupngji, y yswphgw 
ovrcog qpavtgov, en xalxahng, dap ix tovtwv t*&*- 
xpvfi* u di pr), ov xaXcog*. 6. JtfXop d* 9 oW ovd* iXiy- 
%tt yitofthgrjv , aXX' rj xaxa ovfiflsfirjxog. 7. "Jlo* 
ov* av $Vtj iv ayeoofitrgrjzoig mgl yBtOfiSTghg dtaXt- 
xxiov. Aif\Qn yag b (pavXwg diaXtyofisvog* 'Opoitog 
di xal M- tiov ilXXmv hrpffvjf^tav^ g. *&tsl &' itni 

Digitized by GoOgle 



100 ARISTOTELIS 

gtuptrpxo lp«mfyiaTo * op' iaxl xal iyt»/iixgffxa ; 
xal natf ixoor^y imoxjjprp to xaxit xipr ayvoiav xrp 
nolav yBwpttQiui ioxt, rj ayiWfiixQtixa ; xal noxtgow 
b *oto tijv ayvoiav ovXXoyiofibg o ix x&v avxutupi- 
pur ovlXoyioftbg, i} o naoaXoyiopbg , xaxa yt&futqi- 
a* di ; 9* *H it alXf\g xixvqg, ohv xb povoutbr, iaxt* 
igtatTjfia a/siuptToqTO*; [wep* yuaptXQlas] • to di xag 
vaqaXXylovg avfininxuv ol'ta&ai, yttifirtoixoy ntag * 
xal iyHifiitgfitor aXXov xqonov ' dixxbv yaq xovxo, 
(Sotted xb a^y&fjiov • xal to pb txtoov aywuixQfjTov 
T(f» fit) exhv , waneo to $((v&(iov • to di Mxboop tm 
qpovAw? e/«y xal ij ayvoia avxy t; lit T<5y toiovtw 
op/ai? ivavxia. 1 0. 'ifr £« Tolf fia&TJfiaoiv oix toxu 
Ofioiwg 6 naoaXoyiopbg, on to ^u&jov &r«y aw dciTor 
jtaxa Tt yip tovtov navxbg, xal xovxo Trail? scot al- 
lot; liytxai navtog. To di xaxTjyoQovfiwov ov Uyt m 
xatnav. Tavxa o" ioxh oiov OQ<jtv if) votjou. *Ev 
di xolg Xoyoig Xav&avn, aoa nag xvxXog oxrjpa; or 
di yoatprj, dyXor. Ti di ; to eny xvxXog ; axxvcobr, Sri 
oix tatty * 11. Ov du d* tvoxaow ug aixb qpiotit, 
av rj fj nqoxaoig inaxxueq. "JIojisq yao ovdi noota- 
oig ioxiv, jj (irj iartv inl nXsiovoav • (ov yao carat inl 
narrow ix x&v xa&oXov d* b ovXKoyiopog*) dfjXof, 
an oid' sVoraai?* ai avxal yaongoxaosig xalivaxa- 
OHg • qv yao <pigu evoxaoiy, avxr t ybovi av Txooxam; 
*} anodeiMXixii, rj diaXtxxixtj. 12* SvpPaivu d*, hi' 
ovg aovXXoyioxagXiyeiv, dia xb XappavHv ooqpoTsooit 
to hnoptva. Olov xal o Kaivevg noitt, oxi xb avo b 
T§ noXXanXaolu avaXoyicjc • xal yao xb nvq xazvyar- 
votoi, («o? <pT)<Ji,) xal avrrj y avaXoyia • ovxm d* ov* 



ANAL. POST. UB.I., CAP. XI1L 167 

tor* avlXoytapog* aXX ti ty taxiatrj avaXoyla htttat 
*2 noXXanXdaiog, xal t# jivqI rj taxlatij h tjj xivJ\ou 
ayaXoyla. ^Eviotz ph ovy ovx ivdixnat ovXXoyioa- 
o&cu ix tip tiXtippivay • otc di iydixnai, &X£ ov% 
ogdtau 13. El d' fp adwatoy ix ysitdqiy dXrj&ig 
dsigcti, qkSiov av ip to avaXvuv. *Aniotgsq>* ydq 
a? ££ dydyxrjg. "Eotta yig to A oy tovtov d* ovtog, 
tadl tarty, a old a, ott iatly, olov to B. *Ex tovicay 
Sga ditto, on tatty ixtiyo. °Aytiatgi<pu di pdXXov 
toe iy tdig pa&i'ipaoiv, ott ovdiv avpjSsfifjxbg lap fid" 
vovaiv, (dXXd xal tovztp diaqpigovat t&v h tots dice- 
loyotg,) aXX ogtapovg. 14. AvSetat fl' ov did t£y. 
peony, dXXd ttp TtgoaXapfidyuy, Olov, to A tov B,tov- 
to ditov r, ndXty tovto tovJ y xal tovt etg aneiooy. 
1 5. Kal tig tb&Xdytov olov, toAxal xata tov r, xal 
xatdtov E m oXov, tatty dgt&pbg noaog, rj xal Sneigog, 
tovto icpuA* o TtsQtttog dgi&pbg noaog, iqy ov B' 
&(>t&iibg n%gittbg,iaf ovT. "Eativ aga to A xata tovJV 
Kal Matty b agttognoabg dgi&pbg, iq? old' b aguog 
aqi&pbg x iof ov E* tativ aga to A xata tov E. 
CAPUT XIII. 
To 8* fat, dta<pigst, xal to dtoti irtiotao&at} 
ttqwtov piy iv T7] aViy iniotrjpTj, xal iy taitn dtz&g. 
v £ya piy tgonoy, idy py di dpiawy yiyijtat o avXXo- 
yiapog. Ov ydg Xapftdyetat to ngZtoy aVttoy fj di 
tov dibtt imatrjpii xata to ngmtoy aXtiov. "aXXov di, 
tldi dpiataypWfdXXd prj did tov altlov, dXXd t&y 
dytiatgsqjoytmy did tov yyagipmigov. , KaXvst ydg 
ovdkv, iwv dvtvxati\yogovphw yytogipuStsgov that 
ivlon to prj aittoy. Jlot Uatai did tovtov % dnodu* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



108 ARISTOTELIS 

Ug* % dlw, on iyyvg ol nlaptjT$g dia tov /mi ot&- 
foiv. "Earn, &p w r, nXavrfttg' iff $B t to fit} ortt- 
(tur* iff y A, to iyyvg tiro*, jtltj&ig dti,TO B xaza 
tov J" nniiv •» o£ yao nXdvr\Ttg ov oillpovQw. -'MAa 
ual to A ntna tov B* to yog py orll/iop iyyvg iau; 
Tovto d* ulrj<p&to di inaya)yr,g t % di aio&qomg. 
*Avay*n ovp, toAt^T vnagzw* "Jlor anodidsutTw, 
on oi nXnvrpig iyyvg «Jaw. Ovrog ovvoovkloyujpog 
ov tov dtcu, Allot tov ota iotlv * ov yag did to nq 
axiifitiv iyyvg vow* iXXa did to iyyvg thai ov aril- 
povoiv. 3 . 9 £yx»gii de *«* &« tfaT^oov da-ugov o»- 
X&fjvai, ualearaiTov dioTt r\ dnodtt&ig* Oior, Sara) to 
JT, iriay^Tts • 4o/ w J3, to 4/yv* tlvat • to A, to py 
GT&puv. 'fttagzfi &V *«* to B tw X", xa» to -4 t$ J5, 
to jU^ orllfiw * »or« xat to A t$ r. Kal sari tov. diort 
o ovXXoyiopog • dXipncu yog to ng&top alitor. 4. 
IldXiy, wg Tr\v QtXipi\v dtmrvovam, ox* orqpatooeto^Sj 
0«a T«5y avStjotw. JSi yog to aySayopevov ovtw ovpou- 
gotidig • avUavnd' ij otXTpti* qtavsoor, ozi aqpatfoa- 
iyg. Ovru pip ovv tov St* yiyopep o ovMoytopog. 5. 
*A.panaXcp di u&irxog tov fiioov, tov diou. Ov yog 
9io\ Tag av&jo$ig oa>a*gondqg toup * uXXa diaTooipat- 
gotidij g tlvcti Xap^omi Tag aiSqattg Toiavxag. -Seiijrij, 
i<p <5 JT« oojajf of t£w, !p' o» B • av|ij<wc, &p 4 -4- *>• 
'jBp vy ft to /ticaa fiij avrtargiipii, xal *or* jrojfiftti- 

HOOP TO dvaixtOV TQOTlflfr dtixPVTOl* TO dlOTl d 

ov. 7. ^5t*> «V & to fiaaoy c£a> il&rtai. Kal yig h 
TOVTOig tov ot«, xai ov tov ^ioti i} otto^s^* ovydg 
UyttcuTo oXtiop. 8* Oloy, ^a t/ ovxivanrriuo toI- 
Xof ; oti ov (£oy* £t ^i^ tovto tov pii £pa7ty£tur aX- 

■ 



ANAL. POST, LIB. I. CAP. XIII. 169 

tlov, sdet to £woy elvcu aVttortoth avartvuv olor, *§ 

*7 anoopaoig aitkt tov /**? vnotD%up - rj xatayaoig at- 

t/« to-D vnagzup. "Jlontg, el to aavfipnga thai ta 

& eg pec xal yjv%gatov pr\ vymlpwto avfifistga bIpm 

tov vyiabtw. 'Opol&g 5e xa#, e* ij xaraqpaotf tov 

vtivlqx uv > ^ inofpaatg tov [iq vnctQxeiv. 3 Enl or tup 

ovttag anodedofi&w ov avfifittiPM to Xsx&iv ov yjko 

Snap ay anvil £(oov. 9. c O to enXXoyiopeg ybtxai tijg 

TOiavtrjg alttag h t$ piota ox y pan. Oiop, ebrw to A 

ftoop* iqf (a to B, to apattp&p • ^' $ JT, tdt%og. T% 

pep ovp B navxl vnagxu to A* nap yio to apomviop 

£wof T<g tfi revd&l* wore ov&to J5 t$ r ovdwi* 

ovx aqa avemvei b tdlxog* 10. !fcoixaa* tf» al TOtai/- 

taittop aUwv tolgxatf vn^gfioXifv tiqripivoig. Tov- 

mo d' for* to ctAIox anootqeapta to psoop nniiv. 11. 

Oloy, to toO Idpazaqotdog, or* & 2xv&oug ovx *\otv 

avXfjTgldsg, ovde yag apnsXoi. 12. Xata fi«y ^ t^x 

avT^y imorijpip, xal xata trjv t&v piotop xHaat, ov- 

*at diaipoqal fiver tov Sn ngog top tov dioti ovXXo- 

yujpop. 13.*JAXop di vgonor diaa4qu to 6Wt» tot 

cti tw dt aXXrjg Snior^irig htateqop &tagup. '< Tot" 

avta d' iotlp,ooa ovrmg %%u ngog aXXyXa, Hot itvtto 

-frontgov into &aseqop • olov, t« ontixa ngog ywp*~ 

tgiavy xal ia /tijxanxa ttoo? oTfo&Bptrpfax, xal to 

aqpopixi nqog aqt&pf\tixqp 9 xal tit opaivopepa ngog 

aotqoXoytxyp. 14- .Sfceflox to ovwApvpot hoi tovtw 

twv in'totrtfjuop sptai*olop, aoigoXoyia, %t$ fia&rm&- 

tixrj, xai ^ yffvrix^*- xal vopopixy, ijw jua^ij/uartx^, 

xa) ^ xaia t^v axoijv. 15. 'Eptav&a yag to (dp ot# 

twy ala^TixfiSy «ltoa»* to $e 3tof # twv (ta&tyiaii*v* ' 

Digitized by CiOOQlC 



17d ARISTOTBLIS 

oivoi yag ffjow* tup aitiup tag anods&sig, xal kol* 
Xaxig ovx foaoi to ou* xa&aneg pi tbxa&olov&m- 
Qoitrtig noXldxig tna tup xad* ixaatov ovx laaot di 
avsmoxeyiav. "Eatt di tavta, ooa hegop ti Spta tyi 
ovolap xhxqutou, tots ei'dtot. Ta yag fta&rjpaTci 7iiqI 
tXdr\ iotip • ov yag xot&* vnoxtqripov tavoV- J2i yag 
xal natf vnoxtifUpov tipbg ta-ytupttgtxa iotip* aX£ 
ovx, fi yeufutgtxa, xa& vnoxufiipov* 16. "EX& &* 
[x«i] ngog tip bntixyv, us avtij ngog tf)p ytatfuttgl- 
qp, alXtj ngog tavtqp* o\op, to negl tijg Vgidog. To 
pip yag ot* qwoixov tldipai « to di diott bnttxov , r\ 
anlwg, $ xata to fid&nfia. . 17. UoXXal di xal t«» 
pi) in allying tounqp&p tx^votp ovtug' olov, iatgi-i 
xi) ngog yuofittglap. "Oti flip yag tit tlxn ta ntgupt-, 
gy (tgadvttgop vyiatetatt tov iatgov tidipatz frog 
di, tov yttofiixQov, 

CAPUT XIV. 

Tup di oxupatw intatfiuoptxppfialunarbngu\ 
top iotip. 2. Jtitt yag fiadrifiattxaltup iiuct^fiuv 
dia tovtov yigovot tag anodefe ug • olov, agi&fi^tixri, 
xal ysufi$tgia, xal bmvxi), xal ax*dbp(ug sinuv) 
ooat tov dtoti notovptat tr)p oxiipiy. *H yag oXug, i\ 
ig inl to nolv, xal h toig nXiiaxoig, dia tovtov tov 
bxvpatog b tov dioti[yip€tai]ovXXoyiOfi6g. 3-°J2<m 
K$y dia tovt eft} (idXiota imotripopixop. KvQiuta- 
top yag tov ndipot to dioti &eugup. 4- JSlta trjv iov 
ti iottp i7not^fi$fp dia tovtov fiopov &rjgsvaai dvvatov. 
*Ep ph yag T<ji piou axyuatt ov yipttai xattiyogtxog 
avMoytOfiog* q di tov ti iotip imotqfiri, xata<paoz- 
«?.. '& di ty iaxatm yiys\ai fih t iXX' oy xa$6- 

DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST, LIB.X CAP, XV, MI 

I.011 * to di %t iori x&v xa&olov iatlv • ov yag njj iaxt 
£wov dlnow o av&gamog. 5. *'Eu tovio piv ixdvav 
ovdiv ngocdiixai ♦ ixsiva di dux xoviov xaxanvxvov^ 
ton, xal avlsxai, mg av tig t« apsoa ZX&j}. 6. #«- 
v&qov ovv, on xvgimaxov toS inioiaoSai to jigmov 
iaxi oxyp<*» 

CAPUT XV. 

"Jiorcrep di viidgxsiv lb At$ B ivsdixsio axopwg, 

ovxoi xal prj vndgxsiv iyxatgsi. 2. Aiyto di xb axb~ 

ftmg vndgxsiv, V (*h vnoigxtiv, *& W *fr«* avxav pi* 

gov. Ovxta yag ovx total xax alio to vndgxsiv , i} 

pr\ vndgxsiv. 3 . "Oxav piv. ovv jj to A ij xb B h oXy 

Tivl$,ri xalapqm • ovx ivdsxsiai, to A x$ B ngta~ 

tg> f*^ indgxuv. 4.*Eot» yap to .4 iv ol($ x$ r* 

Ovxovv, si to B py ioitv iv oka x$ T, (iyx*»Q& ydg 9 

to piv A slvai sv Tin oXco, xo diB pi) slvaiivxovxtp) 

avXXoyiopbg saxai xov pi) vndgxsiv xo A t$ B, El 

yag t<5 piv A navii to r, ta di B pydsvl* oidsvl 

xm B xb A. 5. 'Opofag de xal, si xo pip B iv oly 

xivl iaiiv, olov iv iu A* to piv yag A navxl iy jB 

indgxti, t$ di A oidsvL "jloxs xo A ovdsvl tw JB 

vndg£si did ovXXoyiopov. 6. Tov avxbv di xgonop 

dux&yvsiou, xal si apqxo iv bXy xivl iatw. 7* "On di 

ivdixetai, ib B pi] thai, iv <p oXa) iatl to A ' y ndXiv 

to A t iv $ to B* <pavsgbv ix xav ovaxoixi&v, Sou* 

pr\ htaXXdxxovoiv aXXyXaig. El yag prjdiv x&v iv 

t$ATA avoxoixloj xati pt)dsvbg xaxrjyogsixai xav 

iv xfj B E Z' to di A iv olw iaxl xm O ovoxoixy ov- 

xi» (puvsgbv, on to B ovx saxai iv tw O' inaXXo&ov^ 

at yag a* ovaxotxlai. 'Opoiwg H xal, sixb B h oXy 



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1» ARISTGTEHS 

f *W for 4J>. 8. '.Bo* M pijdhsQov jjj h oX<a /f^faVpi 
vnetQZy MtbAryB* avayxt), atoptog pr\ vnagxut, 
J£l yao wto* t» /two* , avdyxij, dattoop avxwv b 
oXtp wi thai, "if yap iv t£ tt^wtw o?iip or*, $&%* 
ftiotatojcu o avXXoytopog. El fikv ovy dp «£ ji^I 
t$>, to 2? iVrot & &<w t*W # najag>auxyy yiq duty 
nobg tovro yivto&ai nqixaaiv d d 9 iv tw pio^, 
onojtQov hvz*. Hgbg apyoTigoiQ yitq Xifq&ivt'os 
toy otco^tixov, ybticu ovXXoyiopog* ifitpoxi^v $ 
inoq>auxm,ovx §otcu. 9. toaveohv ovy, Sti hdixs- 
to/ ts aXXo aXXto py vnaqx** oTopwfc xal itti &#. 
X***i, xaln&g, siftxapsv. 

m jt CAPUT XVI. 

Ayroia 3' ^py xatoc unoyaoiv oJUoxora dia&t- 
1M Xiyopir?), tor* fiiv % dia ovXXoywfiov yiyo^ 

9 ujh vnagxovot, avpfiaiyu &*<»$• if. ya 9$ hat 

anXng vnoXafig vna 9X u* , jj fitj vnagxw ij, orw 

dta ovXXoyujiiov Xafy tyy vnoXijipw. 3. Tqg fib 

ovv anX&g imoXf^mg antf r t unity • njg di dia dvi- 

Xoywpov nXslovg. 4. Af£ vnuoxhio yao to A ^ 

ttvl tjJ B atofiug. Ovxovv, iav ovXXoyifytai, vnao- 

Z*tvrbA t$ B, fisoov Xa(&v to r, rinaxypivog foziu 

Oia ovXXoyutpov. 5. 'Ev&i X trm piv ovv, awotioag 

ictg ngoraontg that ymvdufirik**** b% ti?v Mow 

fioyoy^ 6. J£i y<io fM|' T9 10 -4 /uqfoi T £ r v««o*"> 

#qn to J>i,fcrt Tf B, t&Upmu ^' iKOT^o Sya^o- 

XtP • a^qpa) yrn^tf^ foorr*M. !fiftwp« ^', ovT« ff ^ w 

to r 7roo«? to ^ «o2 to ^, &<nt (ifa imb to ^ «2ro*, 

w *«^«*»» *# -R. To (dv y« 9 B Myajor «&a« 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. I. CAP. XVI. 173 

iv oXta tivh ngvto&g ydg iXiytto uvtta to Apqvnap* 

X s LV * To ds A ovx a v ay xi} ndoitoZg ovaiv tlvat xa- 

&6Xov coats d(iq>6ngai ytvlHig. 7. IdXXd xal tip 

ttiguv ivdix?tou aXrj&i] Xappavsiv , ov fiirtot onoii- 

got? gtvxw, aXXd tip AT. K Hydg r B ngotaaig dsl 

yjsvdyg totat did to iv (irjdevl slvm to B' tip dsAV 

iyxwg*?' &ov, el to A xal tm T xal tw B vndgx** 

ctTopcog. ' "Otav yog ngcatwg to avto nXsiovmv xmxif 

yog^tai, ovditsgov ovdstigov £<jt#*» 8. Jiatpiga d' 

ovdsv, ovd 3 si firj atSfiwg vnccgxu. 9* *H pkv • ovv 

%ov vnagxtiv dndirj did tovtoav ys xal ovttd . yfrsteu 

fiovwg. Ov ydg xp iv aXXtp ax^(iom tov vnagx*** 

avXXoyiopog. 10. C H di tov (ir\ vnagx*** J* ** t$ 

7tQ(OT(0 xal iv t$ (isocp oxfjfiau. Ilgmtov ovv elVrw- 

fitv, nooaxwgiv ta 7iqcjt(o ylvstai, xal n&g ixova&v 

tow ngotdosow. ll. Evdexnai fisv ovv, afupotegw 

y/svS&v ovoatv. Olov , tl to A xal t& r xal t§ B 

vndgxsi atoptog* idvydg Xijy&fj, to fiiv A ti r pn* 

dsvl, to ds r navtl tw B • ysvdslg at ngotdasig, i 2. 

9 £vdixBtai ds xal, tyg stigag ysvdoig ovorig,xaltav- 

tv\g bnoiigag Mtvxev. 13. 3 £yx^gu ydg, tip pi* A V 

&Xri&ri tlvat, tqvds B JTytevdij. Tqv piv A T aXy* 

&r\* oti ov ndoi totg ovaiv vndgx*t to A' tip di r 

B ifttvdri • on adivatov, vwdgxuv t w B to r, <j> 

prjdsvl vndgxsi to A' ov ydg %ti dXrj&rjg eorai q AT 

ngotaolg * apa di, si xal tiaiv dfiatottgai dlrj&sig, 

xal to ovfinigaofia I'orat aXf}&ig. 14. 'AXXd xal ttjv 

TBtvbixttou aXn$fi tlvat, xijg trigag ovafjgyjtvdovg • 

olov, d to B xal iv t$ Txal iv t$Aiotiv. 'Avdyxq 

yag, Qattgov ino &dtegov efaai. u Jl<ri £v Xaftp, to 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



174 ARISTOTELIS 

A iiffinA if r vnigxw> ytvdyg urw ^ nqixwu^ 
15. dtaftpoi' ow, OT*, ual vqg Hfyag \ft$vdovg ovqi& 
nal mfxpdip, fora* ytvAfc a ovXXoyurpog. 16. '<& Ji 
Ty pca^i ajptyuau Slag pip that apyotiQag rag nqo* 
t&attg yttvd&g, ovn ipdix&a*. "Oxop yaq to -4 wani 
t$ £ vnagxjl* oitop eatat Xap&v, S t$uip MfM»nw 
tl, &aiiqy ovfov* irndgUi* d& d* ovxat Xapfla- 
vnv tag nqoiaoug, &<n$ tw pi? vftaggcty , tw <3j /i^ 
iniqxw, &*tg Jaw* wiio/iapof . JEiovpovT»lap- 
Paroptvai iptvdtig\ tijlor , «f ivanimg avaxcdtf 
Ifcovoi, jovzo d* abvparop. 17* fi&/ w fl* ^xai^ar 
ov&y xwXvu yw&jf rfyat. Oloy, «* to JP*ai tiJ.4 x«2 
*<g> B ml vnctQXti. *Av pay t$ uip A Xti<p&% nam 
inaqxov, «v °* -S prfi&i * yevdue ph a/upoTtgat a* 
BfOtaotig' ov pbrtoi oXai, aX£ M t*. 18. Kaiava- 
naXiv ds xt&tPtog tov OTtQijJinov, woavjwg. 19. Tjf 
d* frfyav ilvai ytvdy xal onoTtqavovp, Mizvtat. *0 
yaq vnaqx** % 4 A ^ctvrl, xal jS B inag^et, 'Ear 
ow hw&ji, t$ pip A Slip vnaqx** ™ F , tw bk S 
oXy pr\ vniqx* 1 * ' V P*» T A aXiftw taxai' q Be V 
& ywdrig. 20. Rah*, o tw B pr\dm vnaqxs* , ov6i 
T«j? A navjlvTidgUu JEt yaq %y A, xal tw B- all' 
ovx vnt\Qx^' * £ap ovv lyV&Jl t *• P *$ fiey <4 &« 
vno^x^y, i<? W -B fujfe?/* ^ pcv P 2J npoTaros aAq- 
0ifc * iy. 4* liipa g/ci/di??. 21. 'Opoiiag di xal, /tera- 
Ji&iyiag xov at$gijtutov, ■ °0/ap ^dfc^ vnaqx**™ 
A, ovti t$ J5 «vJcyi vndgUK. *Eav ovv XnW&Jl > to 
r if /^y w4 oX^i fi^ vnaqxeiv, i$ di B Sly VJtaqxur 
y flip A rnqoxaaig altj&fjg Sarai* i? d* Mga ytv- 
dig. 22. JC«J nalur, § wawi tw .B vnaqx*, pud** 

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ANALYT. POST. LIB. I, CAP. XVD. 175 

Iccfiitv Tw A vti&qxw, yevfog • dvdyxi) ydo, tl ty B 
navtl, xal t<J A wi bn&Qzuv* 'Ear ovvXnqp&ri, tw 
f*«> 1? tnwtJ vndpxuv to r, x$ di A fiq&y/- tj ph 
JTJR dXr\^g%otat m y ds TA ytvdrjs. 23. ®avsqbv 
x>vv> oil xal AfUpOTiQW oiq&v y/sv&up> xal iyg frt- 
gag (i6vov p iarat ovXXoy tapis dnavqTixog iv tots <*«£- 
pots* 

CAPUT xm 
*£p di toig f**l ajdpmg vndgxoV€tP, t) fiy vndo~ 
Xovaiv, otap ph dta tov oixtiov psvov ybrpai torn 
yttvdovs b cvXXoyuspog, ovx olov t$ dpcpoTSQag ytv- 
dsig e?ya& rag noojaastg, dXXa pbvov tijpngpst&pti^ 
£ovi vxQco. 2. Aiyto di olxiiov piaoVy d* ov yfastm 
tys Avtupdaseng b ovXXoyiopog. 3. "jftr«g*e*w yog 
to A tat J3 dta ftiaov tow Jl 9 J5nsl ovv avdyxy ', tijw 
JT B xataopattx^p Xappdysa&ai, ovXXoyiopov ywo- 
pivov, dijXov, on dsl aviij total dXrj&ye* x>v yagdv- 
ttargiqurau *H di A ry/svdtjg* ravTijg yao d*u* 
otgeqpopivijs, htetvtiosyima* b ovXXoyiopog. 4. 'Opofc 
a>g di xal, u 4$ SXXt}g owrto*xi<*$ X^p^tifi to psoov • 
olov, to J, si xal iv t j> A oXq iotl, xal xata jov B 
xatqyootitat nay tog, 'Avdyurj yog, tyvphABnoo- 
taotv pivuv, ty* d' Mqop AptiotQitpeo&ai. "JLo&* 
■*} pip ail dXy&rig • j? d* asl ysv&ijg. Kal ox^dbp ij ye 
toiavjTj iftdvq *i avrij ioti trj diet tov olxslov psaov. * 
5. *Eap ds prj diet tov oixtiov fiiaov ylptjta* b ovXXo- 
ywfijig • biar pip (nib to A % to fiiaov, tip di B pij-* 
dspl vnagxji * a*ay*n> ytmdsfe ilrcci dptyongag. An~ 
miatyagiravtiwSpV «« Ixovow, al nQtftaoeis,t*p&- 
io* oxXXoyiopbg wtodai. Ovvw di Xau(iavouivw, du- 



DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



176 ARISTOTELIS 

'qportoat ylyorrcu yevdug. btor, •» to fib A ohd t« 
A vnaQjU* to di A fir\dtv\ tw B ' aruarttttopbxw 
yaq xovxatr, ovXXoywfibgtot «*• natal Ttgoxdoug dp- 
(poTiQCH y>$vdeig. 6. "Oxav di fni) tj vno to A xb fit- 
aop, olov to A* y fib A A «Zq£i?£ law • ij di A B 
iptvdrjg. *H fib yaq A J dXy&rig, St* owe ^y^t« 
A to J' f) d$ d B yevdrjQ* oxi, el r\v dXri&^g, xal xi 
avfinigaofia ip aXy&ig* aXi ^y y/tvtfoff. 7. Aut ft 
xov fiioov oxiftaxog yivofxbr\g xqg arccm}?, a/Kjpon- 
oa$ fib-ov* Mixtreu ifttvdtlg ilvaixdg nooxaaug oXag. 
"Otav yao tj to B vno to A , ovdb Mixtion t« uh 
navxl, tw & pf}derl vrtdoxw, xa&ansq iXix&r} xal 
kootcoo?. 8. Tqv freoay A" iyx&Q** *** owoTepar 
tritfe*>. 9. J5J /«o to r x«* tw ^ xal tw B vnao&h 
iav Xr)<f>&jj,xw fib A \motQX uv > T <? £• J5 f*ij vira'p- 
^i*y • ^ psV.4 r dXfj&yg iorat* ^ fl' $rtoa ywdfa 
10. iTcrAtr/st iw /ley B Xycpdeiij to JT vttap^w, t» 
fli .4 fiijdtrl* vj fib r B aXrj&Tjg toxai • 4 ^* ^ B 
Vev&fc. 11. *Ear pb ovv ax^ffxixbg $ Tifc anarris 
ovXXoytofibg, efo^Tai, nixt, xal did tlvw tarairf an** 
it}. 12 JEar di xaxayetxixbg, oxaw (tb d»a rov olxtiov 
fiioov, advvaxov, auqpoxioag thai ytvdug • aya/sif 
yap, Tip r B ubuv, etiug eoxat, ovJUo/iOff og, x«$a- 
, jmo iXix&rj xal noottoov. "Slots i\T A ail eaxai yrev- 
dv\g. Avxtj ydg iariv q d^xiargsq>Oftbf}* 13. 'Ofiolttg 
8i xal, ti IS SXXtig ovaxoixlag Xaufidvono to fUoot* 
cuoiTfo iMx&ri xal inl xrjg oxtgriTiXfjg aitaxyg; *A*ay- 
xi) yao, xiiv fib A B fibtiv, t^f di A A ayxKngiyf \ 
o&ai. Kal vj ocjicnt] ij atixii xtinQOXioov* 14» "Ox& 
8i /it] did xov oixslov, idv fiby xb A vno to A* oitf 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. ! CAP. XVm. 177 

pip torai dXij&^g,^ higa diytvdtjg. *Eyx<»gtT ydo 9 
to A nXtlovpw vnctD%tiv f a ovx earir vTtdXXrjXa, 15. 
*Eav di pt) fi to A vno to A' avzrj piv act drjXov ou 
iorl ipsvdr^g * xctTctqxxrixr) yao Xap{3dvBTcn* ti\v di A 
B ivdixttai xal ctlrj&r) that, xal yevdrj-: Ovdsv yag 
vwXvHy to phv A tw A prfityl vndgxtw, to di At$B 
navxi OloVft&oviniwijpfrintotrjpridipovotxii. Ovb*. 
av prJTe to A pr\dtvl tw A, pyrt to A pydwl tw B. 
fpctyegov ow 9 on, prj oyrog Tovpioov vno to A 9 xa\ 
a/iyoTigag iyx®g& y>evdilg sir at, xal bnoTigavvtvx** 
1 6. Jlooax&s pb_ ovv, xal did tIwy iyx*>Q9?yiv*o i 'd , ctt 
rag xaxd ovXXoyiopov dndrctg IV it Tolg apiooig xal 
iv Totg Si anodeifrtog, (pavegov. 

CAPUT xvni. 

Qavsgov di xal, oti, eV Tig afa&rjotg ixXiXomtv, 
apdyxrj, xal intor^prjp nva ixXtXomivai , t>? ddvva- 
%ov Xctfiuv tl'nsg pay&dvopev r) inayayy, «jj anodtl- 
£ei. "Man d' q pb anode&g ix t&v xa&oXov • tj d' 
inayayrj ix t&v xutu pigog • advvaTov di toe xa&6~ 
Xov fatogrjoai, d prj b*i inaywyrjg • (tntl xal tot 4$ 
4X<paLQiot(a$ Xtyoptra tarai di inayuyyg yvwgipa, idv 
vig fiovXt}Tat> yvwQipa noiiiv, on vndgxu ixaorqt /*- 
vu tvia, xal si py xugund iativ, $ TOiovdl txaotov) 
inax&ypoti dsprj exortag al'o&riotv advvazov. T&vyag 
xa&ixadtov fj oti'o&rjoig • ov yag ivdixnai Xttftuv cri>- 
twvttjv imojriprjv ovis yag ix twpxu&oXov avsv ina- 
ywyrig, ovt$ did T%g inayayijg avtv Tvjg aiod-^ostag. 
CAPUT XIX. 
*E0tl di nag ovXXoyuspog did xgioov ogav. 2. Kal 
o piv dnxvvvni dvvdptvog , on vndgx^ *6 A t$ r, 
Arist. Anil. M 

D,g,t zed by GoOgle 



178 ARISTOTELIS 

dia to vnoLQxnv Tcj> B, xal tovto tw T' o 5p otsqt,- 
rutbg fr\v fisv Ii&qolv ngoTaaiv «#wy > 0Tl ' vttozqx** h 
aXXo «Mw ' tijv d 3 higav, on ovx V7tdQ%su i *Pa- 
vsgov ovv, on ai fiiv dgxal xal at Xsyopsvai vnodi- 
asig, avval dot. Aapovra ydg tavia ovnag dvdyxr 
dtixvvvai* olov, on to A iw rvndgxsi, dia tov £' 
ndXtv A', on to A tw B, di aXXov pioov*. -" ICal on 
to B tw r, waavtoig. 4. Kara jisv ovv do$av ovXXo- 
yi'Cofisvotg xal uovov diaXsxTixatg , dqXov, on tovto 
. liovov axmxiov, si i% tov ivdixsTai ivdo$OT<xTcov yivs- 
TOLt o ovXXoyiafiog. "JIot, si xal tart rfi aXrj&eia iw 
A B gtiaov, doxsi ds fit) sivai • o did iovtov ovXXoyi* 
iofievos avXXsXoyiOT ai diaXtxTixStg • ngog d ? aXrj&s*. 
av ix twf vnagxovTtav del oxonslv. 5. "Exsid* oviug* 
inudq iotiVyO uvto piv xvt SXXov xajijyoQsixai /iij 
xaT« ovfi/3ejhfx6g • (Xiyu ds to xaxh ov/jtpsfirjxog • ol- 
ov, to Xsvxov not* txsivo qta/isv sivai av&ganov, oix 
opoiag XiyovTsg xal tov aa&gamov Xsvxov. *0 psv 
ydg, ovx srsgov t* av, Xtvxov sou • to ds Isvxoy, on 
ovppiprixs t$ avdodno* thai Xsvxfii), "Eqtiv ovvsvta 
Toiavirx, wots xatf avid xaTrjyogiio&ain. 6. 'fear© 
dr} to r toiovtov , o avTO psv prjxsTi vndgxsi dXXul 
toutw di to B ngcbiM, xal ovxtoTLvaXXopLSTaSv • xal 
TidXiV tv E tw Z \&aavTtog\' xal tovto tw B. : Iaq 
ovv tovto avayxtj arrival, h\ tvosxsTai, sig anstgov is- 
yai,' 7. Ka} ndXiv, si tov pkv A (ifjdh xaTTjyoQHTau 
xa& avTO, to. ds A tw O xnzagxsi ttowtw > fiSTalv ds 

fl7}dsvl 7TOOT60W , Xal TO TW H, Xal TOVTO T$ B ' 

aqa xal tovto i<TTaa&ai dvdyxrj, ij xal tovt ivdix*- 
zat sig ansigov isvat; 8. diaysgsi di tovto tov rc^o- 



ANALYT. POST. LIB;L CAP. XX. 179 

tsqov roaovtoy, oti to fisv, krtiv aga irdixsTai dg- 
|oe/ieV&) cwro toiovTov,b fitjdsvl vndgxst krsgq , ak£. 
SXXo ixsivb), inl to avco slg dnstgov Uvctf -daxsgov <5a 
ao$d[isvov dnb toiovtov, a avxb psv akXov, ixshov ds 
prjdiv xctTfiyogeiTai, inl to xdtoa oxonsiv, si ivdixsTat 
£i$ ansigov i&ai} Q^^Eri, xd [xstoc^v aga ivdsxsrcci 
ansiga stvat, wgtopsv&v tZv axgw ; Aiyoad* , olov, 
si to A t<w Tvndgxsi, fiioov 5° avxwp to B , vov ds 
J> ncil tov A hsga, tovtwv d* SkXoc aga xal tavta 
tig dnstgov ivdsxsjai-Uvai, ij advvaTov; lO.'jEaTt- di 
tovxo oxonsiv tuvto, xal si al dnodsi&ig slgansigov 
I'gXovTai, xal si sauv dnods&g dnavTog, rj ngbjg. aX- 
X7\ka nsg ah si ecu 1 1 : . "Ofioiwg . di Xiyco xal inl T<av axs- 
grjTixwv ovXXoyiopa)p, xal- no or do sow, QZov,.spto>A 
jir\ vnagxu tw B (tydevl, i\xoi ngcatta , fj carat ti fit- 
Tali,. omgoTsgca ovx indgxsi; olov, si jo H, otw B 
indgxH navxh xal ndXiv tovxov It* aXXco ttqoteqm, 
olov, si to 0, o t$ H navxl vndgx*i- Kal ydg inl 
TOfTtav % bmugtt, olg ovx iitdgxst nootsgoig, rj Vorra- 
%au 12. *Mnl di i&v dvxioxgs<p6vTwv ovx ojaoiwq %xsi. 
Ov ydg sotiv svTotg avTixaxtfyogovftivoig, ov ngwxoy 
xaxyyogslxm, rj tsXsvwIov* ndvxa ydg nobg nana 
Tavrj} ys bpoiag I#m, Svv sotIv qnuga ta xax qv~ 
. rov xaTyyogovpsva, sl'x dfiyoTsgdimt* id dvtogrid-sv* 
ra Snsiga • nXv\v si [iij ofioliog ivdixtiai avTiorgiq>siv 
ilkd to flip wff ovpptfirtxog * to d? &g xaxriyoglav. 
CAPUT XX. 
"Otifisv ovv ftd fisTaSv ovx ivdexsrai anuga sl- 
yai, si inl to xarw xal to arm Xoraviai alxaTiiyogia*, 
driXov- Ldiym d ' ava [ihr Tip inl to xad oXov /u«A- 

M 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



180 ARISTOTEL1S 

Xov* Jttttw 6a, %r\v inl to terra pegog.) £t yvtg, tov 
A natfiyogovfisyov xara tov Z, Snuga xa /i«T«t£v, 
i(p &v to B, dijXov, on to>6*i X oiT av , wars xal inl 
tov A inl to xcc'tw htgov ktigov xutfiyoQua&ah efc 
antigop • {ngh> ydg 4nl to Z ikduv^ amtga %a jittu- 
|v a ) xcri a7ro tov Z inl toj ayw, annga, nglv inl to 
^ iX&uv. "flax $i tavta advvava, xalrov A *al 
tov Z ibvvaxov anuqa cfcou ti /ma$v- 2, Ovfo 
yag, tl' ng Xiyoi, on ia pb> iotl toj* AB V Ixoum 
uXXrjXtov, £ots pi) tfocu fitTuSv, %a d* ovx tcrnlafiur 
ovdiv dia<peQH. v O ydg av Xdflat imv B , larai 715105 
to A, r\ ngog to Z, f} aneiga t« jueralv , ij ov • ay 
ov tfi ngatTov antiQa, $fi ev&vg, ttn py tv&vg, ov- 
fleV faaq>ign. Tot yag (itnt tavta ans^d ion. 
CAPUT XXL^ 
#<m0O* -tf« xal inl Ttjs ottgijtix^g dnodil$e&g, on 
oryonai, tlnsg inl tj}s xatt\yogixi\g latarai &£ a/i- 
yotsga. "Earn yag py ivdexofuvor, /iqia &r* to on) 
a?r6 Tovvaxonov tig aneigov Urai $ ^Xeyta d' vota- 
tov, cpvTo piy aUw prjdsvi indgxn, ixslyw ftaJl- 

l0, olor TO 2,) fllfTe OJ7TO TOV 71QWTOV in} T© j/OTaW 

(Xiyto tie ng&tov, t> avTo psv xaf aXXov, xat ixsbov 
6« fiydevaXXo-) el dq tovt iorlll^Xov wg] xal inl 
*yg anoyaamg arrjattau 2. To#«ff dsdslxvvraiui) 
vndgxov. "Hjmg, ©J ph to :T, to J5 vndgxu nartt 
©* ^« to B, o v^yj to A. Tov f*ev toivvv B r, xal atl 
tov higovdtaornfjtaTog, wayxri fadiCst* tig ifiioa 
xmriyogixbv yag rovto to dtdot^fia. To d' htgot, 
OriXov, on, d SXXy ov X indg X n ngorigy, olov t© A, 
tovto terwt t$ B nayrl vnd gX iir. Kal ei niXvaX- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POJST. UB.I. CAP.XXII. 181 

Xw ngojiga) tov A ov% indgxn, ixtivo dsrjOM t$ ^/ 
navtl vnaQxeiv. "J2ot intl to xdia toTatcu odog, xal 
tj inl to avoa OTrjoerai, xal carat t* ng&tov , w oqg 
vndgxst, 3. UdXtv, si to ph B navvl ttji ^4, to) 6** JP 
prjdsvr to A x§ T ovdivl indgxtu UdXiv, toy to fX 
del delicti • dijXov, oti rj diet tov Svoi Tgonov dtix&i- 
oeTcu, ijf diet tovtov, ? did tov rgijov. € piv ovv 
ngtotog ffyijTa*. e O di devxtg eg dax^^otrai, OvtmS*. 
av deutvvoi, oXov, ou to A tw piv B navil indgxn, 
tw di rovdtvi* el avdyxri, vndgxttv ti t$ B. Kal 
ndXiv, el tovto tw r fit} vndgUh aAJlo tw A wtdgxtt, 
o tw T ov£ vn&Qx u * Ovxovv , inel to vndgxstv at * 
tw aVwieaa) toiaTa*, OTqocTat xal to juij vndgxuv. 4* 
*0 di to/to? TQonog t\v • tl to piv A t$ Bnavrl vnao- 
XBij to di r pr\ indgxn' ov navrl indgxn to JT, oi 
to A. UdXiv di tovto ij did tup avo) eigrjpivmv, ij 
ofiohog tiux&notTai. *JExstvag piv drj Xaxatai. El 
d* ovtgj, nctliv Xijipetai, to £ iw £ vndgxuv, w to , 
T 1 fxri navjl vnaQxei. Kal tovto ndXtv opoiag. Entl 
d* vnoxujcti, XoTctod-cu xal inl to xotgi , dr\Xov , St* 
OTrjoetou xal to Toix vndgxov. 5. toavtgov $*, OTixal, 
idv fit) piy odai dsixvvrjTat, &XXd ndoaig , ots piv in 
tov ngtatov oxyparog, ore di ix tov dtVTsgov, ij vgl- 
tov, oti xal ovxta OT^oerai. IIsnBgaapivai yag tioiv 
ai odoh rot ds ntntgaofiivu mnegaopivag , dvdyxi\i 
nemgdv&ui ndvTa. 6.°OTt ph ovv inl T^g ortgnoi- 
(og, ti'neg xtxl inl tov indgxew, laTciTtu, dijXop, 

CAPUT XXII. m r 

m 0n d* in ixehw , Xoytxiog piv &mgovoiv wJ# 
q>av$gov. 2.*Enl ph ovv tZv iv_T$ Tiiari*otTi}yoQOV- 



182 ARISTOTELIS 

,*•>>, Sfrov. El yig ionv ogioao&ai, | d yvvw* 
j6 n %v thai, *i «* Snstga ^ ionfal&w *»*/*} 
ntmgivdai,™ toifal Aw naxnyogovfisva. 3. Ka&o> 
Xov h foe Xiy*>(iev. v £on y«g iWfc «^*>ff to 1«- 

Xiv to ft/Xor fefya •&«, xal to» «x#oa>*ov /Jafcfw- 
!e«oo y tj ion xo ovttfff «fefi>, *«* to to***. ^Owj 
j* yao to Anm* «&>« gpaJ tflor- tots Xeyw, on, y 

wiitf/ipi An«v *"«<> #*" < aT/v ' :« U ° v * "? 
vno*dp*vov t<5 tih$ to levx6v ion. JE» /«*«« 
Xbvxovov, oW ^sgUvxov^ iye^oMov'jtorov* 
low, «ti'v *«*" ovizP*0r)*og. Onxv dsToSvlovto- 
*hv that q&'- ovx , on hitfr *i ion Uyxov, fen* 
de ovupifa** til V Am 9 (plov ot«v Toy fiovovo* 
Xtv*6v «W*£- roTByig, on oav&gnnogXtvm 
ivtw, i-ovrPifin****!*"' ftovoixt*,) Uyta • «U«« 
li^o^ori to vnoxdti&ov, ontg xal iysvtxo, oyzat- 
gov n ov,y Stag $vXo*[v S^H «• *• £ * *« *J 
oVo^flrro^aeu, fotco to ovtco Xiyuv,xctTiiyogur to 
d' &mw, ^To/fii?5«iuw?xaT^oocty,?}xaT^oo8^^ 
pq «7rXw?, *«t« ovuPePrixbQ 6e xaT^yoguy^Eax^ «' 
t» ? pey to ilfit/xo*, to xavnyogo-ipsvov *>Q ds tolvUh 
to ol xmriyogHmu b.'Tnoxdo&u b\ t %o*atwogw- 
fievov xaxiiyogelo&ai, asl, ol xaTiyogBlTW, *nk>?, 
.aXXifiri xaTaovrPePnxoq' ovxw y*g *l anootilK 
ZnoSuxvvovoiv. 6."Jlox8 qi> t£ xiioxw,^ onnmv> 
-jTroaof, yngog n, % nowvv, % naoxov, ^ttov, ij wo- 
ts, oW IV xa#' frog xarriyogn&rt^ ?• £ ™', Tor ^ 
ovoictv oqfMxivovTot, omg ixtivo, i\ ontg ixiivo xi at[- 
ualvu, xad? ovxaxtiyog&xcu. "Ooct -fie ph ovaiW (P|- 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



ANAL. POST. LIB. I. CAP. XXII. 183 

. fialvtt, aXXa xat aXXov vnoxufdvov Xiyttai , o py 
4ou firjTS ontg ixuvo, jir\Ji bnsg ixuvo xijGvpptflri- 
stota • olov, xata xov av&gton>ov to Xsvxov. Ov yag 
iotiv 6 av&ganoe ovte ontg Xtvxov, ovth ontg Xtvxov 
if aXXa £woy low ontg yag £<aov [t/] ioTiv o av- 
S-gtonog. S/'Ooa tfs fit) ovolav OTifialvti, del xata 
ixvog vnoxupdvov xctTTjyoQsio&at, xal prj tlvat tiXev- 
mov, o, ovx tttgov «t ov , Xsvxov iati. Ta yag ti'drj 
jfaighto. Ttgttfoftara yag ioti* xal tl tottv, ovdtv 
ytgog tbvXoyov iotiv. Al yag ano.8ti£sig negl xwv roiov- 
vav tioiv. 9 "En, *WV ^ori tovto tovdl noiotr\g y xa- 
.xuvo tovtov, firjdtnoiotrjtognoiotti^' advvatov, avtir- 
Tcatrjyogtio&ai ctXXtjXow ovtag. 3 aXX' aXrj&eg psv ei- 
.tiuv ivdixttai, avtixatrjyogtto&ai tie aXydfog ovxiv- 
dixneu. 1 0.*Hyag v>g ovoia xattjyogri&jjottai', oiov, 
b\ y'ivo$ ov, tj 8ia<poga tov xatriyogovpivov. 1 1 . Tav- 
t« tf i Sidtixtai on ovx total antiga , ovt inl to 
9carw t ovt inl to &va. Olov avdganog dlnovv* rovto 
£t»ov rovto d' tttgtv • ovds to £(Zov xat av&gwnov, 
iov to di xata KaXXiov, tovto 5s xat aXXov iv ry tl 
ion. Tqv fib> yag ova lav anaoav iotiv ogloao&aitfiv 
rotavtrjv ta.d' antiga ovx eon ditJstX&eiv voovvta. 
a Jlot ovt inl to uvea, ovt inl to xatta antiga' ixtivr\v 
yag ovx totiv ogioao&ai, rjg ta antiga xatrjyogtltai. 
12.V2S piv drj yivi\ aXXr\Xw ovx avnxatrjyogTj&rios^ 
rat* total yag avtor, ontgavto ti. 13. Ov di fii)v tov 
noiov , *j rStv aXXcttv ovdtv, av prj xata oi^i/Je/ftjxos, 
xatijyog^dfj ' nana yag ravta ovfiPi^rjx'8 , xal xaTa 
rmv ovottov xattjyogfltai, 14. *AXXa drj ovd' tig to 
avta anuga tlotai. 'JExdotov yitQ xatriyogutai, o av 

Digitized by GoOgle 



184 ARISTOTELIS 

erjfiabtj tj tioiqv xi , rj nooov xi, y [ri] xiv xotovtw, 

[jjj xi h Tt) ovala • xavxa di nsnigavxat, xal xi yi~ 

yr\ xw xaxrjyogiwv ntniqavxai * ij yag noiop , ij jto- 

aov, ij ngog x§, fj notovv, ij naaxov, ij nov, *} non. 

15. *Tnoxuxai di, 9y xa& hog vaxyyogsia&at • aha 

di avT&v, oaa firj xl iaxt, pi} xcttrjyogua^at. 2vu- 

fopqxoia yag taxi nana * aXXa xa fib xa& ama, 

xi di xaS? hsgov xgonor Tavra di navxa xa& vno- 

xnpivov xwbg xazriyogsio&al a>agiw xb di avfiptfa- 

xbg ovx thai vnoxtiptvov xi* ovdh yigx&v roiovxm 

xl&s/tw ilvat,. b\ ov% hsgov xi ov, Mysxai , o Hyena' 

aXX* avxb aXXov, xal aXX r ana xa& ixigov. 16. 

Ovx tig xo av<a Sga tvxab* frog, ovx tig xb xatm 

vnagxuv, Xtx&rjastai. Ka& my pip yag liytxai xu 

ovpftspTixoTa, oaaiv xjj ovala ixaarov xavxa [di] 

ovx Sneiga. "Avm di xavxa xs xal xi ovppsfirjxoTa 

a/iopoxsga ovx annga. 9 Arayxij aga, thai Tt, ovngu- 

xov xt xaxijyogtlxai, xal xovxovaXXo* xal to vxo toTa- 

o&af xal thai xi, o ovxdxi ovxs xax aXXov nporigov, 

vvxs xax ixeivov aXXo ngoxsgovxaxijyoguxai. Mgpb 

ovt> xgonog Xeytnxi anodsltmg ovxog. 17.'!Er* di «i- 

log, si, &v ngoxsga Sxxa xaxrjyoguxai , Man xovxm 

anods&g. 18. Slv d' iaxlv anodubg , ovre fidXriov 

\%nv iyxugti ngog avxa xov sldsvcu, ovx 9 ildivai avtv 

anodefemg. 1<K M di xods dii x&vds yvwgipov, xadt 

di [i7j I'afisv, (itjdi piXxiov sxofitv ngog avxa xov c£- 




JS* yag w Xatavxut, al£ 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB, I. CAP. XXII. 186 

epitv atl tov Xrjcp&inog indva * wtivnav corort anro- 
deihg • Sot > u ta Sneiga. ptj iyx*ag€i ditX&tlv &v 
iativ anode&g, tavi ovx eioope&a dt anoddUw cl 
ovv fAtjdi fidluov fyafisy ngbg aytd tov eidivai, ovx 
total ovdev infotao&ai di anodeifcwg anX&g , &l£ 
i$ vno&botwg. 21* Aoyix&g ukv ovvix tovtmv av tig 
nunvtouB ntgl tov lex&ivjog. 22,*AvalvtM&g dedia 
tiavde ovvtoutittgov, on ovx inl to avta, ovx inl to 
ndtta Snnga td xarqyogovptva ivdixvtai^ elvai iv 
tatg anoduxttxalg imatr\uaig, ntgl <ov fj oxiyig iativ. 
23. C H fuv ydg anodegig ion tiv, ooa vnagxsi *a&* 
avta tots ngdypaoi. 24. Ka& avta di d*x&$' ooa 
« ydg iv ixdvoig ivvndgxu iv to tl iozt, xal olg av- 
ta ivt^tiiottvvndgxovoufavtotg. Olov, no aotd/up 
to ntgntov, 3 vndgx** uev ugi-d-py, ivvndgxu &* ov- 
tog b agi&fxbg iv tw Xoyco avrov* Kal ndXiv nXrj&og, 
% to diaigstov, h *<w Xoyto tov dgid-uav iwndgxu* 
25. Tovtavd* otldhega iydfozdi antiga thai, ovza 
igtonegtttovtov dgi&fiov' (ndXiv ydg Sv iv TWTre- 
f *tt$ aXXo efy, w iwnygx* v indgxovti * tovxo $* d 
tan, ngSnovh dgi&fiog ivvndgHei irvndgxovoiv ocvtou 
El fiiv ovv py ivdix*rou antiga toiavta vndgxuv t§ 
hi, oird* inl to cLva sot at ant kg a. *AXXa fit}v dvdyxy 
yt, navta indgxuv t$ ngm<$ , olov t$ agt&u$ , xp- 
xtlvoig tov dgi&fiov • Sot dvtiatgifpovta total , aXX' 
ovx vmgtelvovta •) oidi pip , ooa iv t$ tl itntv iv- 
vnagxsi, ovds tavta anuga. Ovdi yog av sty oglaa- 
o&ai. 2^ u Slot, u t« piv xarqyogovpsva xa& av» 
ti nivta tiyetcu* tavta de (iri anuga* Xotaito av 
%a inl to ava, ware »al inl to x?t<o. 27, Ml & ov- 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



186 ARISTOTELIS 

t», xai ta iv t$ fisratv dvo ogav del TttnEgaou&a. 
28. J£* £« tovto, drjXov ifdti xal, %m> &7iod*l£e<i)v or. 
dvdyxr\ dgxdg * 8 tlvau, xal py ndvxw tlvai, anvdsi- 
£tv, oneg sqpafi&v tivag Xiysiv xax dgxdg, JElydg&ou 
OQXdtl' ovx$ ndvxa dnotiuxxd* ovx tig aneigoy olovit 
fiadlCnv* xb yag tlvat tovxfav bnoxtgovovv ovdiv a/do 
ioxlv, tj xb stvai pTjdtv duxoTtma ajxtoov xal ddicdqt- 
%0Vj aXXa ndvxa diaigexd' *<$ ydg ivxbc ipfidXU- 
o&cu ogov, aX£ ov x<$ngoaXaii($dvta&ai, inodtixw- 
Tai to dnodtixvifisvov, "Jlax u tovx ug ateigov fy- 
deX*xai idvai, 4vdix<ut av dvo %g<& anziqa ptxalh 
slvai (iboa • dXXd tovt advvaxov, «* Xoxavrai ai 
navnyoolai 4nl to dvm, xal to xarw. "Oxi di Xoxap- 
tat, diduxxm Xoyix&g piv ngoxtgov^ dvaXvxixdk 
is vvv l 

CAPUT XXIII. 
Jtdsiypivitiv de xovxwv, ipavegbv, on, iav «to 
alto dvolv inaqxjl* olov, to A t$ ts V, xal t« J, 
fit} xaxfiyogovpivov xtaxigov xaxa xtaxigov, q jiqda» 
fiag , ij pi) xaxu navxbg • oxi ovx ad xaxa xoivov « 
indgSti. 2. Ciov tw IgooksXu, xal t$ axaXtjvw, to 
dvolv og&aig Voag %x* w > x<xx£ xoivov ti vn&gxw V 
ydq oxyp* xi vndgxsh *** °^X $ &sgov, Tovxo 3' 
ovx del ovxtag !/«. 3/jBotw ydg xb B, xa& o to A 
tt} r J vndgxsf dyXov toivvv, on xal xi JBt^r, xal 
Tw dxax aXXo xowbv, xaxeivo xa& exsgov, "Jlaxs dvo 
ogtav finalv anoigoi av ipninxoiev ogov aX£ ddvva- 
tov. Kaxd piv toivvv xoivov x* vnagxtw ovx dvdyxi}, 
at* to avxb nXeioow, insintg h'oxai apzaa diaaxri- 
(ictTot. 4. 3 J£v ji&xoi tw ayxo) yivu, Hal 4k r&v ov- 

DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB, I. CAP. XXIII. 187 

twv axopuv avayxti xovg ogovg thou, stnig Ttovxatf 
avxi vnagxovxwv Moxat xo xotvov. Ov y«g i\v i\ uXXop 
yivovg tig aXXoyivog fauffivatxa detxvvfisva. 5. <Pa- 
vsgov ds not, oxt, oxav xb A t w B indgxji, ** /*& ^or/ 
ti fiiaop, soxi dsi£ai, on xoAxiaB vnagx^u Kcu oxot- 
%ua xoviov iaxl xavxa, xal xooavd- , boa fiiaa ioxiv,. 
At yigr apeooi ngoxaosig oxotx&a, r\ naacti, rj al xa- 
&aXov. El ds pr\ iaxiv, ovxin ioxlv anods&tg, edict 
nr\ inXxdg agxotg bdbg civvy iffxiv. 6. c Opoi<»g dexal, 
si to A to) B firj vndgxsi, h psv iaxi [xi\ ij psaov, i\ 

7TQ0TSQ0V, W OV% VnaQ/Sb , BOTIV V7l6dei$lQ ' si 6s {I7\ t 

ovx soxw* 7. °AX£ agxal »o* oxoixfiu xoaavx ioxlv, 
boot ogoi, Al yag TOVTwvngotaoeig aQXcclTr)$wn4$si- 
%£<*>$ dm. 8. Kal wonsg snot agxal dotv uvanodu- 

XTQl, OXl I'OT* TO$6 XQ&l, X&l V71UQXU lodfTGpdi' OVXU 

*«2, oxi ovx sou xode xodl, ©vd° vndgxu xode xxodl. 
"jlaie al fxiv, elval ti, al ds, fit) tivaixi, eoovxai «o- 
#«£ Q'/'OTav dfi fo'jy xi defeat, Xtjiixsov, o xov B n$Sk- 
%ov xaxqyogelxai. Eoxm xb r % xal xoviov bpolcog to 4*' 
Kofi ovxtag ael ftetdl£ovxt oitdinoxs i£<oxig<o ngbxaaig,- 
ovd* vnagxov Xaufidvexaii xov A iv x$ dstxvvvav aXXi 
ael xb piaov nvxvovxai , stag adiaigtxa yivrpai^ xal 
IV. *Eoxt fl' IV, oTai' Sfieoov y&nxa*, xal fila ngoxa- 
aig anX&g r t apeoog. Kal, moneg iv xoig aXXoig , r\ 
agxn anXovv* Tovxo d* ov navxaxov xo avxb, aXX* iv 
pdgsi ps* fiva , iv tie fiiXsi dlsoig, aXXo d* iv aXXw. 
Oilxwg iv uvXXoyiafiw xo sv ngoxaotg ajusaog* iv d\ 
CtTiodei&ixal imoirjfiy o vovg. 3 £v psv oiv xolg dsuexi- 
udig ovXXoytOfAolg xov vndgxevxog ovdiv e$o) ninxti. 
10 * *£v ds xoty oxeg^TixoXg l &&* ftsv t S diivndgxtiv, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1*8 ARISTOTELIS 

ovdh tovtov t$M7U7iT 8i. Olop, u to At co B&ta rovV 
pr\. El yao tw pip B napxl to r, tw di rpydwlio 
JL* naXw av dijj, on tip T to A ovfcvl vnaQxn, pt- 
cop Xqjniop xov A xal r* xal ovtag atl Tioqsvosxa^ 
1 1. *Eav di dirj du$ou , oxt to J xu E qv% vnagxth 
j$ to r xm fih Jnavxl vnaqx* w > T <? &* JE prjdtvl, 
fj ptj napti' tov E ovdfaoj 8?w neauxaf rovio d' 
toil*, $ ov du vnaqx**** 12. *Enl di tov tqtfov tqo~ 
nov ov'ie, d<p ov dtl, oi/xs, o dti oxsgyoai, ovdinot 
SSw Qadwtai. 

CAPUT XXIV. 
OvotjQ d* anodsfawg irjg pip xa&oXov, trjg di xa- 
ia pioog* xal trig piv xaiyyoQuerjC, xyg di aregrjjucf^' 
apipta^rjxuxai, notiqa fi$Xxi«op, e Jlgd* avtatg xalntql 
ttjg anoduxpvpa* Xtyopivyg, xal ttjg sig to udvpaxov 
ayovot)g anofcitswg. Hqwxop pip ovp imoxsywps&* 
nsql ttjg xa&oXov, xal tyg xatapiqog* drjXoioupteg Si 
tovro, xal mql tqg dtixpvrat X$yopePfjg f xal tijg ugro 
idvvatop tl'Ttw/iBv* 2* Join* piv ovp tax «* riotv ffl 
oxonovoip V xaxa piqog that, foXxiow. El yaq, xa& 
fa paXXop imazaps&a aitodsfrp , (itXtl&p anodt&g • 
(avxtj yaq aqsxti anedu$so*g *) paXXop d' imoxdps- 
&a utaotop , Stop aizb tid&ptp xa&* avto, ?j otap 
xat ciXXo • (olop top povoixop Koqhxop, otay, ox* o 
Koqloxog povotxog, tj oxav, on o ap&qwtog povoixog* 
opoifog di xal inl tap aXXap •) % di xa&6Xov, on aX* 
Xo, ovxt ou avto ttcvx^xsp , imdtixpvoip' (olov oxh 
iaooxtXig, ovx» oxt iooaxsXig , aXX* , ot* tqlyoipop •) 
ig ds xati ptyog, oxt avto* ti dy (tsXtltop pip Jj xa& 
avro, toiavtn & n *uja pdgos %ng xa&oXov paXlop, 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. I. CAP. XXIV. 199 

xal folxltoy ay t) xaxi pigog anodtgig elf}. B."Eti, 
nl 16 pkv xa&olov py iaxl w nagd xa xa&ixaoxa • r) 
d* anodt&Q do$at ipitoui, tlvalxiiovxo, xad\ o ano- 
duxvvot, xal x%va qsvjiv vndgzf.iv iy xoig ovoi iot,av- 
xr\v (oXov xgiytwov nagd id xiva, [xal ax^paxog 
nagd xa i$ya,"]xal dgt&pov nagd tovg nvag [aot- 
&poi$]^($tlxi(ov d * q ntgl Snog, r) pr) fiyxog* xal ti %v 
pi) anatri&TJosTtthy oV yv' tail &* V /*& *<x&dlovioid- 
ds* (ngotoyxtg yag dtixyvovoiv, aaneg ntgl xov dvdlo- 
yoy* oloy, on, 8 ay i\ xovovxov, soxai dvdloyoy, o ovxt 
ygappr), ovxt agi&pdg, ovxt axtgtov, ovt inlntdoy, 
alia nagd xavxd w) ti ovv xa&olov piv pallor 
aviij, ntglovxog d* ijxxoxxiqg xaxdpigof, xal ipnoitt 
dofay iftsvdii* gf/ow ax tXr\ % xa&olov xyg xaxd pigog. 
4.'**H ngaxov per ovdty pallov inl xov xa&olov, ij 
iov xaxd pigog, htgog loyog hxlvs ti yag to dvolv 
£g&ai$ vndgxu, prj, i\ iaoaxtlig, dl£, p xglywov o 
*Mg, ou iaoaxtlig , ijxxov oldsv, fj avxb, i] o tl&ig, 
on xglymvov Slag it, ti piv, prj avxog rj xglyavov, 
tJxadtlxvvaiVfintxavtViianodttiig* tidiovxog, otldag 
txaaxov, ji sxaotov vndgxti, pallov old ex. Ei Hi) to 
iglyavov inl nliov iaxl, xal x> avxbg loyog , xal pi) 
xa& opawplav 16 iglyavov, xal vndgxti navxl igi- 
ywvtp xd bvo • ovx ax xo xglymvov, i\ iaoaxtlig, alia 
io iaooxtlig, $ iglyavov, tfca* xoiavxag xag y my lag. 
a Jlaxt 6 xa&olav tid&g pallov oldty , ji vndgxn, n 6 
xaxa pigog'. Btlxlay aga rj xa&olov xr)g xaxd pigog* 
5. *Eti, u ph hXi\ xig Idyog tig, xal pi) opwvpld • xo 
xa&olov sty ay ovdiy qxxov iy lav x&y xaxd pigog, dl~ 
la xal pallov * ooa id ctcp&agxct iv ixtlvbig iaxl * xd 

Digitized by GoOgle 



190 ARISTOTELIS 

di xciTa piqog qp&agTa fidllov. 6.*J&n ts ovdefila 
' &vayxr\, vnoXapPavtiv, nslvat tovto nagi Tavza,on 
tv drjXol, ovdiv (talXov, »} inl rwy alitor , Sua py i* 
otjftaivM, all* 1} itotbv, t\ ngog n, if noiuv. El di 
Spot, Q\>x t\ an6lkt£tg ah la, all' o axovoop. 7. "Exv, 
tl ij anoduSig fiiv ion ovXXoyiofibg detxTixasTfjg ai- 
viat *(*l to v dux t'r T&xa&oXov d* ttiziwtsgov S yao 
xa& avto inaqxn n, tovto avto avtw ai'tiov Todi 
xa&oXov ng&Tov • aXtioy Sga to xa&6Xov. "Jlors xal 
*} otTtodtiSig fislxitav * paXXov yotg tov alriov xal tov 
dia xl iotiv. 8. "En, pixQ* tovtov tyrovpsv to dti 
ri, xal tots oi6(ie&a sidsvat, oxav firj fj , joti Silo, 
tovto, )} yiviptvov, rj ov. Tilog yag xal nigag to 
HoxttTov ydy ovtoag iatlv, Oiov,iivogtvtxa rjl&ev;07i(i)g 
Xctftjl to dgyvgiov • tovto d>, onwg anodqi , o wtpulf 
tovto d* , Snag (ir\ ddixijat) • xal ovtag iovrtg, Stop 
fiTjxirt di alio, (xrjd? aXXov evsxa, dia tovto, &g «'- 
log, cpctph iX&t%v, xal tlvav, xal yivto&ai, xal Ton 
tldevou fidliora , dia ti rjl&ev. El di) opohog s/« 
inlnaowv twv aititov, xal Tm dia rl % inl dstwy^oaa 
aYna ovT(og,wg ov evtxa, ommg Vofisy pdXiara* xal 
tol im> aXXav &ga tot* (idXiata Vofnv , otav fzrjxht 
VTtdgxjj tovto, on Silo* "Otap fibf ovv yivcjoxwfxsr, 
on Tttagoiv at I'fc* Xoai, on loooxslig * en XsiTtstai, 
diet tItq iooaxtlsg 'fin Tgiyarov. KalTovTo,on oxy- 
ua ev&vygvpfioy. Ev di tovto fiyxhi di alio, tots 
(tdliara itytc?. Kalxa&oXov di tots. c H xa&oXov 
&Qa flslTitov. 9."En, ooto av paXlov xava fiigog y, 
Big Toi aneiqfi iftitlltui* $ di xa&olov Big to anXovv 
xal to Tiigag, "Eon ,$', fj.fUv SitBiga, ovx iniOTrjjd* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. L CAP. XXV. 191 

f) di nt7ttgavrui> ttioxyxi • jj Sga xa&oXov, fiiXXov 
in larynx, q ji xaxafiigog * anodttxxa Sga fiaXXoy xa 
xa&oXov. Tuv di inodeixxtiv fiaXXoy, fiaXXoy rj ano~ 
dti$ig' StfAa ydg fiaXXov xa ngi$xi* (UXxiwv aga t\ 
fiaXXov xa&oXov • tJisineg xal fiaXXov anedetj-ig. 10. 
v Exi algtxioxiga, xa&* r\v tovxo xal aXXo , % xaj? yv 
tovxo fiovov oldty • ©- di %r\v xa&6Xov fyiDV oldt xal 
to. xaxa pigog • ovtoq di to xa&6Xov ovx oldtv. "Start 
%ipf ovxag algtxwx&ga «*iy. ll. v Ex$ di oris* to yitg 
xa&6Xov fjiotXXov dstxvvvca iail t« diet piaov dttxyv- 
you iyyvxigto ovxo? xr\g agxyg* 3 £y^vtdx<o di ?o a/u«- 
aoy* Tovxo d' agxy* 12. Ei ovv r\ i% dgxyg tyg 
ur) IS agx^g * y fiaXXoy & «(UW t%g yxxov dxgipeoti- 
fa anodeiUs* "Eoxi di toiavxri r\ xa&oXov paXXov* 
jCgdxxwv [«Vj ay tiff if xa&oXov. Oiov, ei Idtidno* 
du£ou xb A xaxa tov A • fitoa xa, icp «v B T* av<»+ 
tdgoa di to B. "Jlott ?} tya xavxov xaS-oXov paXXoy. 
13. IdXXa t&v piv ugrni&w svia Xoyixd ioxt, 14. 
MaXuixct di dr\Xov , ot* r\ xadoXov xvguaxiga * oxt xwv 
ngoxdoecav xip> piy ngoxigav fyoprtg Vopty 7ttag xal 
xr\v vaxigar, xal txopty dvydpti-olov,ttxigoldev;on 
nav tglymvoy dvalv og&alg, cUd&nwg *a». to ioooxe- 
Xeg oxt dvo OQ&alg dvvapu, xal d firj olds, ou tgiyat- 
vov a dixavxrjy *x<av tyx ngoxaoiv to xa&oXov ov- 
tiaftwg olde, ovxb dvvdpM> ovie iyegytfy* 15. Kal r\ 
fiiy xa&oXov vorjxrj * rjdi .xaxa pigog tig ai<j&r)oif 
TtXsvxa. 16. e 'On piy ovv y xa&oXov (HtXtuoy rfc xo- 
%a pigog, %oaav&* fifuv tigria&m. 

CAPUT XXV. 
"O^t d* n dtmvxrj xrjg ozsgyxixyg [xguxxar], ivu 

Digitized by GoOgle 



102 AR1STOTEL1S 

itit&tv dtjlov. *Eoi<o yitg avtq rj dnods&g fkXtlvr, 
(jwv aXXwvtw avtew \muqx6viw,) r\ i£ iXorttonn 
aitrjfidxwv, 1} vnodiasmp, ij ngotaaewv. El yaqyvo- 
gifioi opoiag, to &attov yvStvai dia tovtmr vnaglw 
tovxo d' algettittgov • Xoyog ds xyg ngoidoemg , oxi 
fleXxiav q i£ ilattopfov, xa&oXov de, ode. £* yuq 
opofag stij to yywqipa thai t« ftsoa m t« de ngottqa 
yvojgipwtsga, torwf} (ibdidfiiow anodeitig tivBT 
A 9 oti to A to) E vnaQXW if ds diet To»y Z H, oti to 
A iw E. 'Opofag di %x H > %** to A toi A vitagxu, 
men to At% E* tod 3 ' , on to A.t(Z A, ngortgovxal 
ytwgiptotsgov 9 fj, oti to A t^ E* dia yotQ tovtov 
ixiivo anodtixvutai • motottgov de to di ov. Kal y 
diet tav iXattovttv aga unodti£ig fieXti&tp, t&v aXXmv 
tew aitStv vnaoxoviw. *Au<pottgai per ovv did ft 
ogtav tot&v, xal Svo nqotdotw deixrvtai. IdXf *j 
piv tlyal xt Xapfidrei' tj de xal tlvai xal pi} elved 
ti • did nXuovtov aga • &ot9 jfe/ow. 3. *Et\ , httifoi 
diduxtai, oti advvatop, aptpotigtav ovowv oregyxixttv 
tj»p fsgotdotwp yiveo&aiovXXoytopov aXXi tqv p& 
du toiavxrjv fly at* tr\v d' 9 oti vndqxw %xi ngig 
tovxta du tod* Xaftuy tag piv ydg xatqyogixag, ah- 
£ayo/iivf}Q tr\g anoddfrng, avayxaiov ylvio&ai nXti- 
evg* tag de oxtgyuxdg advvatov slvai nXtfovg puis 
iv anavti ovXXoyiapS*., "Eot® ydg \pifiwl vndgxov 
to A, iqp oatav to B • t& di Tvndgxov navxl to J?. 
*Av dv\ diji ndXiv av£uv tag ngotdoeig, fidoov ip(llii- 
tiov xoi; fiiv A B £<jto> to A* tov de B T to E. To 
fikp dr) E, qtaveghy, oti xavqyogixov to de A tovfWf 
B xatyyogixov, ngog di to A wg atsgfjzutov nutai' 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST, LIB.L CAP. XXVI. -103 

90'juev y&g dim/ml rw B, to & A ovdsvl fol tw J 
- 4m&Q%uv. rlvetat ovv fila oTegrjUxy 7tg6taaig[fjA 
^Q. 'O d' avzbg tgonog xetlbtl *wv ktigmp oyXXoyi- 
Gji&p, Ail yag to pioov vwv xatijyogixwv ogwv xatr\- 
yogixbv in apqwrtga * tov ds attgftTixov M &(%xi- 
ga ottgr\xtxov avayxc&oy thai,. 1fto?8 avitj piatoi- 
avtrj yivercn ngotaaig • a% d 3 «JU«t xatr\yogvxai. 4. 
J?t o*^ yvwgifjuottgov, 6t o dsixvvtai, xal mototsgov* 
dtixwtat d' ^ ju*y gtsgnjTixr) dia tjjg xatrjyogixrjg, 
avt^ fi di ix8iv7}g-ov faixwtai* ngotiga xalyvwgt- 
fiwtdga-ovoa xal motvtiga (itXrl&v av ti'rj. • $. v £n, 
*l igxv ovXXoyio^iov y xad-&Xov ngotuqig aptoog * 
cot* d* typhi it) dttxnxfi xatacpatiwi) , 4v di tjJ ot«- 
QTirwff onroyccnxr) 3 xa&6Xov ngotao*g • r) di xata- 
^patMff wig aTfoqwmxrig ngotiga xal yvfogifuatiga • 
diet yag tip xatoxpaow «\ anotyaoigyvagifAog* xal* 
ngotiga r\ xatacpaaiSy &omg< xal to tlvcu tov py el- 
yai» wore faltlavr) agxy trjg duxhxr\g, rj jiqg ottgr\- 
%ixr\g • ^ di fteXtfooiv dgxalg xgwfiivr] fieXtlav. 6. 
"jEtt xal agxotiSwviga* otusv fag trig buxvvovorig ovx 
souv r\ QJSgi\tlX7}. 

CAPUT XXVI. 
*En*i 6° r) xatyyogixri trig atsgrjtix^ feXtiw • 
di)Xov, oti x ou Trjg eigto advvatov ayovorjg. 2.dei da 
tldivai, tig r) Swcpoga avx&v. 3."£ahg) dy toAfirjds- 
vl vitagxov tw B, t$ de JT to B navti ' avdyxr] dt], 
t£ r pridtvl viiagxtw to A. Ovt<o piv ovv Xriy&sv- 
zwv, dsixTixtj rf arsgrfrixr) av ur\ anodtigig , Sri to A 
tip r ovx vitagxn., € H d 9 sigro advvatov fade e/€«. 
Mdtoi du$ab, ot* to A t<£ B ovx vn<*gx*h Xymiov, 
Arist. Anal. N 

Digitized by GoOgle 



1M ARISTOTELIS 

vnvqX* 1 " *«* ™ E r$ T. "Sine xrvp/Halru, *i Ai$ 
rvnagxuv* Tovxo &* toxfo pnagtpoy ual opoXoyov- 
ptvQvfou adiWroy* ovx aga alow re, toitfj 
vnaqxuv. El ovv xo B x& T opoXoytitcu vnaqx***, 
to Axtp B advvaiop vnaQXttv* 4. Ol fUv ovv ooot 
opolwg xaxxovxott. 5. Awtyigei 6* to onoxiga a* y 
fvvghpmxiga ij ftooTaoe? ^ oreo ^Ti*q , hotc^o* , on 
to -4 T(J> £ ov£ vndgx**, ? > ^ T * T0 -^ *<£> ^ "Otaw 
pe? ov* p to avftrcsoao/ca yvcagiftrntgov, St* ovacaTW, 
*5 elg adwaToy yivtxai anodt&g. Oxuv 3* ^nn^ 
at/iitfl^«j/i^ #, ^ aJTodaxTucij. 6* #W€* Je a^orcca, 
OT* TO ^ Ty B t »/, Ott IO ^ TW f. ITgextga yao &u 
tov avprngdofiaxog, i£ onr to avfinigag^La. "Ear* $k, 
to fth A TwT/ii vnd.gxuv f evfmigaopa' to os -4 
t$ 2?, & ov to aVjUTreipaa^a. 7. Ov yap, n avfi^ti- 
vu, aretigeUj&al u, xavxo cvfinigaofid ioxiv • &&9« 
$i, II. ay. UJUa to pev 4$ ov, ovXXoyiQfiog i<sx&, eg 
a* ovxwg bxji, vols jj oXov ngog uigog, ij pigog agog 
SXoy s'xtiv * at <5s to ^ jTxat A B\ngoxdaug ovx {gov* 
<w ovto) 7100 c aUqiaf. 8. £* ovp y in yyagipttu- 
gwr xal ngoxigw xgeltxcav • elol d' afupoxsgwixxov 
pr) elyat xt morotf' aX£ tj fib 4* ngoxigov , fj 6* & 
voxigow (ttXxitov ctTiX&g h\v sI'tj xyg elg to advi/aio* 
% arsQqrixri anode£tg+ 9. "SIotb x»l, d xavxqg foX- 
%Uov J) %<*xir\yogM% bSqko^ ©t* xal xi\g dg to aSvva* 
toV laxi {kXxkav* 

CAPUT XXVII. 

*Axgi(ls<niga d* imax^firi imax f^nfg x*» ngoxiga, 
%xe xav oxi xul dioxt % avxy, aXlo\ ^ X uglg TO v oti, 
t^c to5 diixi. 2. Kctl 4 M *a& inoxsip&ov xfc 

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ANALYT. POST. LIB. L CAP. XXVIII. 196 

UaS"* wuHUipipw* 6top,ij o0*£yjqu«q,TJiJ? aqpovir- 
*%$. 5. Kal r\ & iXattovrnv %yq ix nqoa&iaw otov, 
fvojfietglag agid-firjiixri* jiiyco ' di ix nqoo&iotwg • 
olov fiopag, ovaia a&$tog.i any fin tii> ovala &9t6g • 
%*vwp ix.7tQQO&iom$. 

CAPUT xxynk 

" Mia &* imojyfiri iotlx, q hog yivovq, ogahrtw* 
ngeorwv ovyxwui, xal fiigri ieth, rj na&ri rovtanr 
x*& avtd. 2. € Etiqa a imavrjpri ioth kiioag, oa&v 
at ag%a\ (itjiB £* tuv avt&v, pij4? sitgai ix rwv it&» 
Qtov. 3. Tovtov di orifAHoy, oxav slg tit avaito&nk- 
ma &##» Ail yog avja iv tw aviw ywu elvai tot? 
anodtduypivotg, 4* -Styieto? di xal tovtov , Stay 
*<* dsixrvpwa di vvrmv to %$. airy yivu wot xal 
ovyywvji*. 

CAPUT XXIX. 
nltlovg i* anodti£ug shot tov avtov iyx&g*h 
ov fiovoy ix tijg aitrjg oi/orojgt'ag Xapparoru py to 
owszte piaov * oW tmp A B to F xtol Axal Z • aXXa 
uatiit ktiquq+loVrtcrttotQ A, pnaftaXltuf to di, 
itp & J, uur&o&ai* to di B, rjdia&ai* xal naXtv to 
H, ygspitto&ai. *AXn&ig ovv r xal taAtouB, Haiti 
A tov A xcnijyoQtiv. 'O yaq f)d6fi9vog xwutai, xal 
to xwoifitvov pstaflotXXii. ZLaXiv toAtov H, xal to 
H to© By aXq&ig. xavqyoguv * nag yag o ydoptvog 
^QSfiiietaitXocl o ^fjujo/xwos pnapaXXsu. v Jl<rte 
di ttigmf fjUatav, xal ovx. ix tiqg aitrjg ovoToixictg o 
ovXXoyKjpog* Oi pipr writ nydiiegov xata pydeiSQov 
Jdyto&at tmt plow* * dpayxtf yag, tw avt$ tivi «/k- 
90 vnugZju*. 'Emoxetyao&eu di xal dm tSv SXXmv 

N2 

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196 ARISTOTELIS 

oxypdxtor, ooag&f Mix***i tov alxovy&ha&aioxfk 
XoyiGfiov. 

CAPIAT XXX. 

Tov 8* inb rime oix sow iniar^ftfi d* anofoi* 
U<»e. Ovu ydq &g drayxalor, ovd' ug inltb noXb, 
to dnb tvxhq iotlv, dXXa to mxqa ruvxa ytvipwov 
ti d' anob*ti£ig &axtoov xovxmy. ndgyxeo oviloyt- 
oftog if 8 1 amyxahw, ij dia %&* <ȣ inl tq itoXv ngth 
idostov. Kal si per a* ngoxdoug avayxcuai - xal n 
avpnigaopa dvayxxxiov. Eif wg inl vonoXv' xo* 
to ovpniqaopa toiovxo*. "Jlor, tl to anb tvjftg pift 
&g inl to noXv, ptjt uvayxdiov* ow «y e?i) avtov 
anodu$ig* 

. CAPUT XXXI. 

Ovdi di alo&rjoswg ioxiv inloxao&a*. JElyig w 
eauv fj al'&d:T)<u4 tov toiovSs , xal py tovdi xspog * 
&Xl£ aio&dveo&al yt owayxmov %6fo n, xal nov,xal 
vvv. To di xa&6Xov xal inl naoi* ddvva'top akf&a* 
veo&at * ov ydq xofo, ovdi vvv • ov yao otp ijv xa&6- 
Xov * to yao id xal nartaxov xce&6XW cpctph that. 
2/Ensl ovv al psv dnofolfcig xa&6Xov • t«vt« di ovn 
saxiv alo&dveij&ah yavsobv, on ovd* inloxcia&at 3* 
alo&i)08<o$ iotiv* 3. jlXXa dyXov, Sxt, xal d qv al- 
o&dvso&ai, on to tqiytavov dvoiv og&aig Vaag */** 
tag ywvlag' i£tjxovpsv «y inoduliv, xal ovx(Sg <jx*- 
al nvsg) rjmoxdpe&a, Alo&dvso&cu ph yig dvdyxi\ 
xcc&ixavxoy q d* intoxypri t<5 to xa&iXov yvwgl&rr 
'toil. 4. Jio xal, el inl xyg ozlr\vr\g ortsg tcoowpcvdy- 
rupodxtovoav xr\v yr\v, oix av rjdeipev xvp alxiav tfjq 
ixXetytetg. 'llio&avofie&a ydg, oxi [y vi\ ixXtinu, xw 

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ANALYT. POST. LIB. I. CAP. XXXII. 197 

ov diou cXtog * ov yag yw tov xa&6Xov ij* aio&riaig, 
5. Oi> (irp aXXa ix tov dewgelv noXXaxig tovto crv/i- 
ficuvov to xa&oXov ap &rjQevaavTe$, anodtiUp ei'%o- 
jisp. *JEx yag rwv xa&ixaaza nXsiopwp to xa&oXov 
dqlop. 6. To di xa&oXov itfiiov, oti Br^Xol to aXxiop: 
"SLotb nsgl %5>v toiovtwp fjxa&oXovTipuoTiga rStv «*- 
ad-fiomv, xalTyg vofjoswg , Sow fregov to aftiov; 
JlBgl He tap ngmoap aXXog Xoyog. 7. &aptg$p ovv, 
Sti ddvvctrov r$ alo&apto&ai inlaTao&ai xi twv 
ccTiodsixjwv ti py Tig to ala&aveo&ai tovto Xiyu, to 
friKjTrjiirjv sxsiv dt AnofotSs&g. &."£an (livjoi evict 
ipayopwu tig alo&rjosMg sxluipw iv Toig ngopXyiia* 
mv* *'Evia yag si eag&psp, ovx Sp igfjTOVfiw, ovx, wff 
ttdotsg tw oqotv , ccXX, wg tyopreg to xa&oXov ix tov 
oqixv* Olo>> si ttjv veXovjmgv7i7](xivriv koogcopsv, xotl 
to <pwg di'iop * SyXov av rjv xal, did tI <poni£si , dux 
to ogav fth Z(og)g,iq? ix&orrjg, voyocu d[ apa, on £nl 
naow ovtfog. 

CAPUT XXXII. 
Tig de avTag dgxdg catdvrwy thai tow avXXoyi- 
o(i&v, advrotTov ng&Top fih Xoyixwg -frttogovoiv. Ol 
pep yag dXrj&slg uai twi/ ovlloyiafiwy , ol dsyevde7g. 
K$p yag sitj aXrj&ig §x ipevdwp ovXXoyioao&at, «U' 
anal tovto y&psxai' oiop, ti to A xaxa tov r aXri&i$\ 
to de piaop to B yJtvdog* ovrsyag to A tip B vnag%u} 
ovt* to B t$ r. *AX£ iitp tovtw fiiaa XafifidprjTai 
t&p itqOT&amp, iptvdilg loovtai , dia to nap mtfini* 
gaafict tjjiydig ix rpevday Hpui • ta d* aXi}&rj i$ aXy- 
&a\p. "jETsgadsTa tpBvdrjxaltaXfid^, 2.JEha, jovdtTa 
yj$v$fj ix TWf avTwvlaVTolg. "Eqti yagytBvdri aXXfjXoif 

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198 ARISTOTELIS 

«al ipaitla, xa) advpata Spa that,, titor, to tqf &- 
uaioovvijv slva* adutiap, if dsdiav Haltivav&gemq 
Hstnov, rj fiovv nol to loop ij ptl£op, iq Mlatror, 3/j& 
di wop xsipiiwv ids. Ovdi yag iw dly&my ol avid 
agxal napxw * itegas yag voXXmy «o> yivti al ap- 
Zal, Kctl ovd* tyagpirtovoai. (A09 at ftorddsg nfe 
vxiypaig owe iyagpoxtovoip. Al pip yag ovx Ifoovv 
&imv* al di tyovoivS jtvdyxri Si ys, ij ug pitra fy«p- 
fi6xTUv % q Svu&sp, % xaxio&tp, ij tovg piv etam tjw, 
tovgd* cJw, imp igwp. 4.*AX£ ovdixS&noiv&vdtqzw 
olov % Oval xivctg, If <Jy anavxa dux&tjoeiai* (tip* 
d£ xoiv&g, olop, to nap qmvai, q anoyavai •) xa yag 
■yivij tup ovxuv vxsga • *al ta piv tolg txggoZs > z« 11 
tdlg notoig vnigxstjiovoig, (tiff w ddxvvxott diawi 
TtoivSrp. 5. "Ev$, al agxal ei neXXy iXdxrovg tut 
avpnegaapatup. *Agxal p&p y&Q ol vgotaaug • al & 
ngoxdotig % itgoaXappapopipov Zgov, ij 4ppaZXo}d- 
vov, slaty. 6."En, tit ovpnegdapata ametga* «* 
di ogoi mniqaopipoi. 7. *£tt , al agxal, al ah £ 
avayxTtf , al di ivdexip&ai* 8* OSx&jiiv ovvctxenov' 
uivoig, ddvpatov,xag avxag dgxag tlvaiTtensgaafiiras, 
anslgoav ovxtav %<nv oi^nt^ndpkitmv. 9. JEJ d* aXXw; 
img Xiyoi tig* -olov, Sxi aid* pip /stap^xgdag • aid* di 
agid-p&r aid* di iocrgixrjg 9 xl ar sI'tjto Xtyopwop aX- 
Xo j nXtjp oxt ualp agxal imp imazypSiP; ti di W 
avxag (pccvai, ysXdiov*' oxi avtal avxalg al avxai' 
•jtayja yog ovna yivetcu tuvtcL ±0. *AXka fxrp> ovdk 
to iSanavrwf d&ixvva&ou ouovv, zovto ioriTo&ptiv, 
andpwp shut tag uvtdg agxdg. Alav yag tvy&sg. Ow- 
te ydg Av %q%$ yavsgoig fia&Qfiaai revzo yivtrcu, ovn 

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ANALYX. POST, LIB. I. CAP. XXXIII. 199 

iv tj} avaXvcrti dvvarov al yag Sfaamitgoruotig ag- 
%ab htgov di avpnigaopa 7tgooXr)Cp&tior}g y imai, ngo- 
raaim apiaov, 11. Et di Xiyoi rig rig TtQiorag api- 
aovg ngoxaoug rag avrig ehcu ugx<*$ % plot iv kxa- 
OJ(o yivu ior/y. 12. El di pyre i£ Anaaav, wg diov, 
dslxvvo&cu orwvy, firjd* ovttog kugag , wa&* kxuortig 
4Tnotr}f4T}$ elvai krigag' XsItmtoi, Suvvyysvug txl ag- 
%al nartw aX£ ix rwd\ fiiv rati' ix di rwvbj ra&l* 
ifravsQov di xal rovro , on ovx ivdixtrm * didnxrai 
yag 9 ou aXXaiigxal t§ yivu uah, at r&v di*<pogonr 
rm y&vti* Jl yag agxal dnral, 4$ tav t«, xal ntgl S. 
Alftiv ow 4$ «* xowal* al di n$gl o i'diai, ©lev 
ip&jihg, {liys&og. 

CAPUT XXXIIL 
To di imarrjrov xal imorrifiri diayign rvv do£v- 
crov xal dc^rjg, on { piv imorrifiTj xa$6Xov, xal di 
avayxothav , to di uvayxaiov ovx ivdix&ai aXXwg 
four. *Eau di nva aXrj&rj piy xalvria, ivdsxopevot 
di xal aXX&g I'xsw* At\Xov ovv , Sri ntgl fiiy rayr» 
imarrjpti ovx sour, (sfy yag Sv advvaru aXXwg ezny 
rot dwara SXX&g exuv)' aXXct fiqv ovdi vovg , (Xiy» 
yag yovv otgxh v eniarjjprjg ,) ovd' imarrjpri ctvctTto- 
dttxrog '(rovro d' iailv vnoXqyig rr\g apioov Tpgora- 
Otatg •) aXti&r,g d' iqrl vovg, xal inwrtipq, xal dolor, 
xal to diet tovrwv Xiyopevov. "flora Xelnnou, dotav 
elvxtt ntgl to aXq&eg piv, % to ytvdog , hdtxopwo* 
di *ui ctXXtog sxuv. Tovro d* iorh vnoXrjyig rye 
oifiioov ngoraomg, xaljtri avayxalag. <2. Kal ojuo- 
loyovptvov d* ovrw rolg qmivofihoig. "His yug dota 
ipipctiov ' xal % yvotg r 4 rotavry* 3* JIgog di rovrotg 

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2D0 ArtlSTOTELlS - 

oidetg ofttcu dotd&iv, Stay oYrjtcu , advpaxov alia; 
txuv, &M> iniotao&ai. 9 jtlX* otav, bIvou fih> ovito;> 
ov prp aXXa xal alias * ovdet xwXvU, tots dol;d£w 
&g tov per totovtov do£av ovaav • xov d* avayxaiov 
imojrifiTjy, 4. Ilmg ovv ovx eott to airtb do£daai xal 
inlorao&cti ; xal dia t/ ovx eotty t) do£a i/riox^pr}, a 
Ttj &tjoei f ontav , S older, ivdexso&ai do£a£ety; axo- 
. Xov&tjOBiyao bpiv, eidwg, o de, do$d£(av, diarwv^ 
. owv, tcog elg xa apeoa sixty * wot , eXiteg ixetyog olds, 
xal 6 do&t&p older* "jloneo ydo teal xb oxi d*of aj«v 
ioxl, xalxo dioxi. Tovxo dexb peaov* ^."frdfiiv ovws 
ittoXtjyexaixd py eyde/ipeva aXXtag txeiy, oiajxeg e/siv 
vovg bgiopovg, di oav ai anodelteig, ov dotdoei, dl£ 
imoTrjosrar ei d\ dlrj&ij pep elvat, ov pivtoi xavrd 
ye ditolg indoxeiv xai ovoiav xal xata to sldog, oo- 
£dae^ xal ovx imoxrjoexat aXrj&wg xal to oxi, xal to 
diott, idy (iev did x&v dpeotov doZdarj • idv di py dia 
imv dpiooav, to on povov doSdoet. 6. Tov d 3 avtov 
dola xal i7ttat7}ufi ov rtdvxmg eotiv. J Al£ wansg xal 
yjevdyg xal aXy-frfa tov avtov xqotiov xivd, ovtw xal 
iniatrjuri xal do£a xov avtov* JSal yao do£av dlydrj 
xal yevdt), wg p(v xiveg Xiyovoiv, tov avtov elyai, erro- 
na ovpfiaivu alqela&ai, alia te , xal, py do$d&iv, 
8 doSd&i iftvd<x>g. *Mnel oe xb avxb nleovax&g **- 
yexai, eoxi psv &g ivdsxetai, e'oxi d* to* ov. To pit 
fdo ovppexqop elvai Tfjv didpetqov, dlrj&wg do£d&v> 
atonov. Al£ , oxi % didpetgog,jteol qv ai doi-ai, to 
avto • outw tov avtov. To dkti^vehak kxardgco xata 
xov Xoyov oi xb avxo* 'Opofag de xal imcrtrjpr) xal 
do£a xov avtov, *H pip ydg ovxtog tov X<oov , Sou 

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ANALYT. POST. LIB. I. C A P. XXXIV. 201 

7] ivddzto&at, prj elvat, fwoy yd*, wot ivdix*o&at. 
Hoy, at r\ piv, onsg av&gidnoviativ tjde, av&gwnov 
\iv , fifj onsg d ' ow&gwnov. To avto yag on &v-> 
>g*mog, t$ <3$,. oi to aito. . 7. Qayegbv d' fyt tov- 
tov , on ovdi do£a£uv Spa to avto xal iniotao&ai 
ydexcrat. dpa yag av %%oi vnoXyipiv tov aXXcog exetv 
al pv\ aXXcog to avto * onto ovx ivdixstai. *Ev ah- 
to uiv yag kxdttgov slvai iydixttai tov avtov , &g 
l'g7jta$. *Ev tie tm avuji old 3 ovrag olov ic. c !E|e* 
*ag vnoXriysv Spa, olov, on o av&gtonog, bmg Zpov, 
jovto yag yv to pq ivdix*o&ai slvai py £uov ,) xal 
ti] , ofttg £v>ov • tovto yag Sarai to ivdixea&at. 8. Ta 
'c \oL7ta n&g del diavsipai, inl te dtavoiag , xal rod, 
,al imotrjpriQ, xal rixvHQ> xal (pgovyaewg , xor« ao)~ 
piag' ta piv qpt/aixq?* ta di q&ixiig xhwgiag paX- 
,6v lonv. 

CAPUT XXXIV. 
c Hd 9 ayxlvoia iativ iiatoxlatig iv aoxisttm xgo- 
Mp tov pioov, 2. Olov, d' tig idav, on jj atXrjvfj to 
iapngbv ail fyst ngog tov qXtov, taxv btvoipt didtl 
:ovxo, on dut tq Xdpnnv anb tov qXlov • % diaXsyo* 
isvov nXovoh), %'yva, dton daveftetat* % dton (pilot, 
in ix&Qol tov axnov* lldvta yag ta aXna tit pioa, 
) idavta axga, iyvtagtot. 3. To Xapngbv sly at to ngog 
wv qXiov , &p* ov A* to Xapnuv anb tov f\Xiov, B* 
nXyvn, to r: *Tnagx*i drj ttf piv oeXr^vji, t$ T, to 
B. toXaunthf anb tov vXiov • tw ds B to A, to ngog 
tovt uvai to Xapngov , acp ov Xapnu * war* xat tqp 
rtbAdiatovB* • 



Digitized by CjOOQlC 



.202 ARISTOTELIS 



LIBER n. 

CAPUT I. 

Ti tf}TOV(itvd iatip ha tip agi&ftov, ooamq &u- 
atapt&a. ZrpovpBv di tixtaga • to ou, to dton, ti 
ton, tl ioriv. 2. v Ox*v fih y&g, notsgop tod* 7} t©&, 
g^TCtyw, iig agi&por&ivttQ* (o\ov nottgov ixktinuh 
ijhog, ij ovf\ to ou tyi ovptv. Zrjpuov dktovtov ev- 
govxsg y&g, on ixltinst, nsnavftf&a* xal £u» 4$ aq~ 
Xr\q tid&fiBp, on ixUlnu, ov fyxovfisv, nottgo*; Stat 
tie ei&wptv to on, [tow] to Sioti tytovjup* Olov, a- 
dottg , oti ixltlnn, xal on xwiitai q yri • to dim 
ixletmi, ij dion xtvutai, £?itovptv. Tavta (ihf ov- 
tmg. 3."Eria d* alloy tgonov Srjtovfisvjolop, u 
tatw, ij prj ion xiVTctvoog, ij &eog. To d* f il $oxw t 
% uil, anlmg liyo>, ill 9 ovx, u Itvxog, ifjuij/ Tvopttg 
di, on iotl, t/ iot$, tytovpw oiov, ti ovv ioti $tog >• 
%, ti iottv Zv&Qwtog; 4.*A ph> ow ^tovfi%v l xal a 
WQorteg toper} tavta xal tooavta iotu 

JCAPUT" tt 

Zyxovpev di, otav/iiv fyt&pw to on, ij to sl*axa> 
inloig, aga ioti pioov avtov, ij ovx Kotiv, ™Qtav di 
yvovxzg y to on, ij to ti Xqxiy, ij to inl fiigovg, jj to 
anlwg, naliv to dia tl tyxovfitv, ij to ti ioti • tots 
Cfjtovfi$y, tl to pioov. [Jiyw di to oti, ij to h tow, 
inlpigovg, xalanl&g* inl fiigovg fiiv , ag inltinu 
*j otltjvil ; ij av&tai; u y&g iotl n, ij ^ ioti u, if 
rolg toiovtmp Srjtovpw anlwg di, d %oti», tj/uij, o& 
lnv*l) V vv *>] ovfipuipH aga iy andoaig talg (17x17- 

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ANALYT. POST. LIB. 1L CAP. n. 203 

qlot C^T«y, %, tl ioxt jUoov^ n, xl ioxt xb fiioov. 2. 
To fih yag aXxtov xb pioov.fr anaotde tov?o£i?t&* 
%ar ag hXdmi; ag ioxl xt aXxtov^ y ov; pBxlt zav- 
%a yvovzts, oxt ioxl xt } xl ovv xovx tori, fyrovfiw. To 
fag afxiov xov elvat pr\ xob\ rj xodl, &XX' anXwg xr\r 
ovolav, ij xb (it) anX&g, alia xt twv xa& avxo , rj 
uaxot ovjifoPrjxog , xb jtioov ioxL Aiym de to jiip 
anl&g to vnoxslpsvov, otov oeXrjvqv, r\yr\v, tj r/JUor, fj 
%yly<avov xb di xt, exluyjtv, lobxyxa, avtooxt^a^ u to 
lt£0<£t *7 jUt/..3.^> Snoot yag xovxotg g>avtgov iextv, 
oxt to avxo ioxt to xl ioxt, xal did xl ioxt, Tl Sow 
txlettpig? ozigqotg gxoxbg anb otXnvi}g vnb yftf avx*~ 
qtgaUag* dta tl ioxuf ^xlstyjtg; rj dta xl ixXe/nu g 
oslyvr}; diet xb anoXtlnuvxb awg f avxupgaxtoio^g 
xqg yqg. Tl ioxt ovpyavla ; Xoyog agifyav iv o$«k 
7} paoii. Jtaxl ov[i<ptovu xb b£v tw (tagst; dta xo 
Xoyov %x uv BQt&p&y to o£v xalxb (tagv* ctgd iox* 
ovucptovilvxb o|v xal xbfiaov; aoa ioxtviv aot&udtg 
o loyog avzwv; Xapovxsg , oxt ioxt, xlg ovv toxtv » 
Xoyog; 4* c '0*t J* lor* tov p&oov q f^Tijorij, d^iot, 
oowv xb pioov alo&yxbv. Zrixovpw yag (i^o&fjjiivof 
olov xqg ixXetymg , d toxtv, % /11J; 4 8* mi*v in* xr^q 
oelrivfjg, ov* av ityxovjiw, ovt, ii ylvexat, ovxs, dta 
xl* al£ Sfia dtjlov Sv i)v. *Ex yig xov alo&dveo&oti 
xal xb xa&oXov iyivno uvr^uv tldivat. 'Hpbyag at" 
od-r}Oig, oxt ruv Svxupgatxst. Kal yag dijAov, oxt vvv 
ixXtlnw ix di xovxov xoxa&oXov Sv iyivno, 5. c i2cF- 
mg ovv Xiyopsv, xb xl ioxtv (ISivai xb avxo ioxt xal 
dta xl ioxt. Tovxo 6* it anX&s, xal ft^ xav vnagxbv- 
%mvxt\ ^ x£v vnagx&vxw* olov, oxt dvo og&al, r\ % 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



204 AR1STOTELIS 

ow ptXlov, rj IXaxxov. "Oxi, pbovv nana %b\ ?i?tov- 
perct fiiaov l^xrioig ioxt, di\Xov. 

CAPUT III. 

Jl&g ds to xl iori dsixvvxat, xal rig 6 rgonog xr t $ 
&vayoayr t g t xalxllorip bgiopbg, xa» xbtav , elTiwfuy, 
dianogrjoavTeg ngmov nsgl avx&p. 2. *A$xh &' * (7T(a 
Ttov fieXXovTwv, ijntg iaxlv olxeioraxTj x&v ixopivw 
Xoywv. 'Anogyout yag av Tig, ag eoxt, to avro xal 
xaxa to avxb ogiopaj tldivcu, xal anodsi£si. 3. "if 
idvwxov; o fib yag OQiopbg xov xiioxiv elvcu Soxu* 
to di xiioriv anav xa&oXov xalxaxr\yogixov • avXXoyi^ 
apol £' eialv 61 fib oxsqtixixoI, ol 3* ov xa&oXov 
olov, olfievivito dsvxigt* a^jjfiart axegrjxixol noivxsg' 
ol S* iv tw to/to) ov xa&oXov. 4. Elxa, oidi xaJv «• 
Tw 7T£cJto) oxy/toni xattjyoQtx&v anavxatv iaxlv opt- 
Ofiog • olov, oti nav xgiywov dvob igd-aig I'aag fyst. 
5. Tovxov ds Xoyog, oxi to iixioxao&ai iottv anodes 
xtixwq, to anoduUv t%uv* "Jlot*, u inl x&v xoiovim 
anidutlg ioxt, dqXov> on ovx av ttrj avx&v xal ogi- 
&(io$. 'Eniexaixo yag av xig xal xaxa xov bgiopov, 
oix %x m 7 V V anoduhv* ovdb yag xmXvei , py Spa 
t# tty. 6. 'ixavq 6s nlaxig xal ix xtjg inaycjyfjg • ovdb 
yag ntojtote ogiadfitvoi fympsv, ovxs xav xa&* ov- 
to vnagxovxwv, ovxt xwv ovpfefiqXQXunr. 7. *Exi, d 
o jOQiopbg ova tag xivbg yvtagiopog • to; ye rotavxa q>a- 
vsgov oti ovx ovaiat * oxi fib ovv ovx %axiv ogiOfibg 
anavxo.g r ovnsg xal an 6dst£ig,. dqXov. 8. Tl d', ov 
oQiofibg,.aga navxhg anode&g iaxiv , % ov; slg fib 
drj Xoyog xal nsgl xovxov 6 avxog. Tov yag big, 
fl h, fiia inioxriuri. "Jlox, slney to im<jxao&ai to 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST, LIB. IL CAP. HI. £05 

moduxxbp tori xb tf}y an6$ti£iv ex*w • ovfifi^dsxai U 
dvvazov. *0.y&# xbv ogiopbv ijttw avsv anodtifr&s 
moTTjoeicu. 9*Ett, ul . igxaL *»* anqdsi^mv qqv- 
'fioi* (tiv ox* ovx soovxat arrodtUZug, tiidsixtsti ngoxsr- 
toy. *H soovtcu, ai agx<*l anoSsixxal, xal x&v ag- 
ar atQXotl, xal xovx slgunugov Pa&tlteti* rfxa'Tigoj- 
a bgiopolsaovxai aranodetxxot. iQ. 3 Al£ aga, si 
ir\ navtoe xov avrov , akXa xivog xov avxov iauv 
ygiapbf xal ajrotk&g; rj advraxov; ov yagiarivajtQ* 
hih$, ov bgiopog. 'Ogtopbg psv yaq xo& xiioxt xal 
walag •«* d' aitob*tt£sig <palyortai naoiv vpQxUHfis? 
*ai, xal laufidvovaa* xb xl iaxw oiov ai pa&fyiaxit' 
cat, xl uovajg, xal xl xb mgixxor ' xal ai aXXcu bfloi- 
wg* ll. v «6™, n&oa.im&dt&g t* xaxd xivog Qtlxruom, 
olor, oti 4cnly, % ovx soriy* h ds t$ oow/iqr ovdh 
t'jsgov hsgov xaxf\yogiLxa%* olo*, ovxs xb {£oy xa?<i 
ioi) dtJTofiog, ovx* xovxo xaxit xov twV , ovx* xaxi 
tov imnidov xbox^fta 9 ovyig ioxixb btlnsdovoxh- 
uct' ovdi to axvfia inbiidoy. 12. jfot htgov xb t« 
ioxt, xal to oxt ioxl, d*i£ou, '0 piv avv bgiofibg, xt 
taxi, 8r}loi* ri ds aTxoduUg, ox$ y ioxlxodsxata xov-* 
5e, ij ovx sou*. "Etigov ds kxiga anodsibg , iar pq 
wg pigog i\ xi xrjg oXttf. Tovxo -di tiya, ftxi didstxxak 
ib ioooxsXsg dvo bg&alg, si nay xgiywov dsdsixxai 9 
usgogyag* xb d' oXov. Tavxa ds ngbg allqXa ovx 
*XU ovxwg xb ox* iaxl, xal xo xl ioxiv. Ov ydg ioxt 
•d-axigov &ax$gw ftigog. 13* Oavtgov aga, otioU- 
xs, ov b bgtapbg, xovxov ixavxmg anodtlSig * ovxs % ov 
anodnUg , twtov navxwg bgivpog * wots oXm xov 
aixov ovdsvbg ivtexexou Spqw $(tw. 14. "Jlaxn dy- 

% Digitized by VaOOQlC 



*O0 ARI&TOTRUS 

lop, if ovii ogtapbg xal inoMfrg ovt* ti mvto h 
til, owe &itsgop iv &atig<p • *«* yig £p t« «*oxtt* 
jit** opotog «Z*e» Tmvta pipovp fuj?g& fovroy dup 

CAPUT- IV. 

Tov 9i ti fori nottgop 4m avXXoytapo&etiano* 
&*t&tg, fj oi» Matt, xa&dneg pvp 6 Xoyog vni&Fro; c 
ph yig avXXoytapog tl xati ttpog deSxrvai dim tov 
piaov* to dill iattv Xbtop to, xml 4r iw %l §<r*i xatr^ 
yogcXtett. Tavta d' avdyxrj ipttatgitpuv. JBt ymgti 
A tov rid to* * itjXov, 8t* xcil tov B , *al tovto tov 
F> iate n&vxa aXXrjXwv. "AXXm p^r xo£, u to Aivta 
%i iattp inigztt nmrt\ too B, xm xa&oXov ti Bnav* 
tog tov rip to> ti iatt Xiynat • avayxiy xal to Ah 
t$ ti iatt to* r Xeyto&at. El do pij ovtm rig Xijiprtat 
dmXmaag, ovx aviyxf^ tatat, to A tov JT xerwijyogei- 
o&cn kv t$ %i iattv, ti to pip A tov B 4r t£ tiiorn 
pq xot%? oawp dito B iv t& ti iatt. To Si xiitmr 
ofiqpoi tavta &«. "Eaten &ga xat to B xati tov T 
to ti iattv* El dy to ti iatt xai* to ti i\p sjpmt Sp+ 
q>» exit* ixltov piaov igov tatat ngottgop to ti rjf 
tttott. 2."GXo>?tB, el sort 4et£<*i , ti iattv av&gomog* 
tat» to r, av&gmnog * to de A, to ti iattv, tttt &So* 
dhtovv, sire aXXo tt. JBi tolvw avXXoytutmt 9 ap&pcrj, 
xorti tov B to A navtog xaTr)yoguo&€tt. Tovtov d* 
Mat at SXXog Xoyog [fieaogj* "Jlot$ xaltoito tatat, ti 
iattv avd-gomog* Aapftaveiovit,o dsi 8u£au~Kai yag 
to B iotl ti iattv Up&gwtog. 3. Ait d* 4v tcti? foal 
ngotiaeai xal totg nQa-toig xetl afiiaotg axonuv ^ua- 
Xtata yag (pavegov ti Xtyoptvov ylvvtat* Oi pip ovt 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. H. CAP.V. 207 

9ti to irtiotgiipw dtmyvrxtg, tl ion tyvxy, *Jt/4ow 
iy&gnnog, V alio buovyt&p orttov, to 4$ cro/ife <&- 
tovvxat. Olor, tl tig a£uio$ie, yvxw thai to avto 
ietvxy attiov tov (jjv • tovto de agt&(tbv avtop iav+ 
toy mvovvta. ^Ayaynri yag ait^oat, ti^r yrvx^y aonsg 
igMpby that ttvxoy kavtby xivovrta \ ovxag wg to 
etvxi ov. 4. Ov yig, tl anoXov&t% to Atta B , xoii 
tovto i£ r, tat at t& Tto Atbtlyy that,{aX'£ aXrj* 
&ig UTtiiv tax at ftoyov ,) ovS', u low to A, onto n 
uetxa tov B TtatTj/ogiitai nartog. Kal yag to &»<p 
thai uaxyyogtixai xaxa tov iy&gwnm thai * aXr^ig 
fag, nay to iiv$Qton<a that, £S»<p thai, ( Sonig nal 
navta Sv&gtmoy fwov,) aXl£ ovx oUtws, &ott tv «7- 
yat. 'Bay fUy ow p^ ovxat Xdfhf, ov ovXXoyiuxai, Sn 
to A ioil tov r to tl ip then Hal fj ovoht. *Eav de 
evxaj Xafy, ngbttgov %ota* tiXviyug, t& r to tl rjy 
thai to B. Mo% oi% inoiiitunat*: to yag if iqxjl 
9VXr}<fty. 

CAPUT V. 
jiXXa pip ovd fi'tiii t&v diaigiotm bdbg ovXXo- 
fi£ttat, na&antg h tjj ayaXvon tp ntgl tit cxif**** 
tot tVgqtai. Ovdafiov yag avay%i\ ylvttat, to ng ay- 
ua ixuro thru, ttaydl orttap." a AXX % Sontg oid* b ina- 
yoiv anodtixwoir. Ov yag dttio ovpnigaopa igto* 
i av, oidi t£ Sovyaithai* aXX* ieyaywtu that, ixtlvwr 
irtmv, x$v pif <prj b anoxgirouivog, Aga 6 Sv&qm- 
tog few oy, ij ayvxov ; tit sXafifSuov, ov ovXXtXoyi- 
rr«f nakiv Snap £wov rj nt£bv, fjeyvdgoy* sXaptns- 
*oV * Kal to tlreu to^ Sv&gamoy to SXov t«5oy 7ie£oV, 
)vx &v&y%n in tw tigyiiivvr,aXXa Xuppay8i xaltov- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



208 ARISTOTEMS 

so. JwupiQ&d' oid&f, itol trolXup, % oXlymv , ow» 
nouiv to avto yuq 4<rnv. 'AavXXoyurrog pf* ovr xal 
*2 XQV ai $ ybttai, tolg ovta [isrtovw xal tar &&£o/u- 
vmv oviXoyio&tpau % Tl yam *&ti>t^ tovto iXtfik 
piv to nay sba* xata tov av&ovnov, pi) piytoi von 
i<ni, puds to tl f}v sir a* dijXovv; 3. **£t», %i xodvu, 
fj nooo&uvcd ti, jj iqaXuy, it) vnsg^sfi^xivau ji}g ov~ 
alag ; 4. Tavta piv ovy naoUxai, piv, &dex&ai Ji 
XvoaiiM Xapfiavu* taiyrto tl ion ndvta, xal to 
tye|ijj$ xjj dicuoiou nouiv altovpsvov to novtov, xal 
prjdiv naqaXdnsiy. Tovto ds ivayxaiov,\ii anav ik 
tr\v diaiotoiv ipmntu, xal pqdiv &JU/tw*.] "diopov 
yig i')di) del thou. 5. 'Alia ovXXoytapog op»g ovx 
Zytotiv, aXX' ei'nto, aXXov tqonov yvaol&vy tto«J. Kal 
tovto ph ovdiv kxonov* Ovdk yaq o inaytav laag 
anodehtvvQtv, aX£ optag S^Xdi w. 6. 2?vXXoyiQpbv b\ 
ov Xiyu o ix ttjq dtuigioaag , ixUywv toy opopct. 
*Jlonto ycto iv tdig ovpntoaopaoi tolg Svsv tmv psow t 
idv tig tiny, on, tovtwy ovtwv , avdyxij todl «5wm, 
ivdixttcu iQMTTjoat to dia tl' ovm xal & tots diai- 
gttixolg ogoig, Tciativ Sv&goinog ,- £aov \heqtov, vno- 
novv, diJiovv, anrtoov. did ti; xcc& 3 ixdotr t v rcporf*- 
aw igii yaq, nal d$i$si tp diatQion, Ag ol'srai> ow 
nay jj dvytov, qa&dvatov. k)detoiovtogX6yoganag 
ovx eotiv bgiopog. "Slots, u dnsdeixpvto ty SiatgtQU, 
aX£ 5 ye oquspbgov ovXXoyiopy ylvetai. 
^ CAPUT VI. 

9 AXX aqa ton xal ditodu^aixb tl im max oioi- 
av 3$ vno&ioewg [dt] Xafiovxa to fib tl tjv thai to 
ixtStv iv tw tljativ Ww • tadl Jc b %A tl im iia- 

DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST, LIB, II. CAP. VII. 209 

va, xal I Swv to nav > xovto ydg Am to stvai ixtivm. 
2. *H ndXiv eYXrjfye xbxlqv ihai xal ivrovrw ,- avdy- 
xi\ ydq dioc tov pioov deifru. 3. *£xt, wotibq oid* iv 
avXXoywfi^ Xafipavsrcu , %i iaxi to ovXXeXoylo&ai* 
atlydg oXfj, y p&gog, rj nqoxaaig, ft wv 6 ovXXoytopog* 
ovxag ovds to xi rjp tlvai del ivitvat, iv to) ovXXoyi- 
0(i<o, aXXd%toolg xovto xav mipivixiv slvai. Kalnqbg 
top ii(iqpio§rixovyxa, u ovXXtXoywxai , *j /iij, xovto, 
anavxctv, ox* • xovto ydg tjv ovXXoywftog. Kal ngbg 
tov j Sxt ov xb xi i\v tlvai jovXXeXoywxcu, oxi val • 
rovxo yao txeuo itfiv to xl qv thai, "jloxs avayxy, 
xal Svsv xov xi iott ovXXoyiopbg, ij tov xl ijv sly at, 
ovXXeXoyla&ai xi. 4. Kttv i$ vnoxHoecog de dHxvvtj, 
olovj el to) xano) iaxi xb duxigsTw tlvai • tw d* ivetvxty 
to xo) ivavxltp tlvat, oaotg toil xi ivavxiov to d*. 
aya&bv iw xaxa} ivavxiov xal to adtaigsxov tw di- 
aiQBTor EOtiv aga xdya&w slvai xb ctdiaigetM elvat. 
Jffal ydg ivxav&aXapiv xo xi ijvslvaidsixvvaf Xap- 
pdvei 6' tie to duSai xb ti r\v tlvau &,"j£x$gov piv tt 
l<rao. Kal yao iv ta%g aTtofoi&iow, on ioxl tods xa- 
%a tovde, aXXd fir} avtb, firjdi ov b avxbg Xiyog, xal 
Avxiaxgiyu, 6. Ilgbg dftqpoxigovg.de, tov ts xaxd dir* 
algeatv dsutvvvta, xal noog tbv ovtm avXXoytofibv to 
avxb anegtifna * did xi saxaio av&(H»7tog£a>ov[dinovv2 
nt$bv, dl£ ov £&ov,xalne£bv;'Ex yao t&v Xap($avo~ 
pivwv oidtftia ftvayxtf iaxlv, tv yivta&ai xb xaxtjyo- 
govptvov dXX', &oneg Sv av&gomog avibg &y xal 
fiovotxbe, xal yoapiiaxixog. 

CAPUT VII, 
U(og ovv di) 5 bgiiofievog dti£n tt\v ovular, ^ to 
Arist. Anal. .0 

Digitized by GoOgle 



210 ARISTOTEL1S 

f/ iattP ; oi/tt y«{>, ig anoSttxvvg, i$ optoXoyoQpirw 
tlroti, dijXoy noifiotr ox i uyotyxif, ixtlvmv ovvmr, zxt~ 
gov xt> cImm-* anidet£ig yag xovxo • ov&, £>g inayw, 
dia xmv xa&ixa&ta df\X(av ovnov, oxi n&v ovwg to 
pr)d& aXXwg • oi yaq , %l ion, ikixweiv , aV? , oxi 5 
Hatty, i? ovx 2<ro. Tig ovv aXXog xqoneg Xotnog ; ov 
yag dy dsifa yB.alo&^ost, q T(5 deexxvkp. 2**jRn, 
n»g dEt&H to tiiotiv av&gwnog * avayxti yiq toy *»- 
66xa xbxiioxiv &y&gwixog t tj aXXo oxiovy, ud&ouxol 
on ioxl' to yag juij oV ovd«s older, », t* &jt«v, aAi« 
W juev antiatvH b-Xoyog, ij to oyofia,otay sVttm xga- 
yiXaopog* xl &i ioxi xgayiXaqpog , u&uv-atov ti&wu. 
!^iU« /uijy, el dsiSn, ti iaxi, xal oti iotl , xal nmg, tu 
$tit$ Xoyy &tl£u,- o, xs yag bgivfiog IV t* oSfAoI, xou 
^ crftodaSlg * to Is t/ Ioti? ay&gtoTrog , xal to. *jw*» 
ay&gmixoy, alio. & JBlta x«* It anodel£(tog <p«fi& 
avayxatoy elveu dtlxwo&at b\nav , oxi ioxlv , ti py 
ovola sty. To ds that ovx ovola ovdsvi* ov yag y(- 
yog xo $y, 'Anofoigtg ago> town, oti 4<ntr. 4. "Ontg 
xal t&v noiovaiv aitmoxyfiau Thpb yag orjpalfu 
tbtqiywvoy, tXafav o ykv^iitg^" oxi d* text, deixrv- 
oi, Ti ovv &/£et o egtiofityog / ti iouy / q to xgiyw- 
vo*; udwg Sg» tig oQiopip/xi iexw, d seriv, ovx efac- 
Ta». !4Ai* advvatov. 5* *ayeo©^ li xa* xataxovg 
vvv toiixovg x&v og»r t igov dnxvvevotv oi o§u?©/«e- 
v 01,0x1 iotiv. El yag xal lativ ix rov pioov xo laov, 
allot Sim xl fax* to beio&iv ; nal dt» xl tovt< «rrt xv- 
xXog f - tftj yag av xal ognxaXxov yavou that &vxov. 
Ovxs yag, ot* dvvcnop,^hai xo Xtvofievov, ngoad^ 
Xevoty oi ogoi * ovxs, ot* ixuvo, ov (paotv shot 001- 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. II* CAP. VUI. 211 

tfioy. *JX$ ail s&cruMyuy to dta -a//.- 6» JSt <?$>« o 
>Qt£Qpevog£duvvaiy r\%l £qtw, % tl oqpabsito&vofiw 
I fiti iatt ufjdauwg tov t* fowr «fy ay a botopbg 
ioyog ovopauib avxo or} palmy al£ atonov.. 7. 
fJgwjQVuiv yag xalpitovaiwy ay tl'ri xal t&v p q wtiay. 
irjfialvuv yfy iotixal tit pr\ oVrai . 8. "Est, ndvtsg 
)i Xoyoi* oqiofiol av tl$p. J&rj yog. ay oyopa &do&a* 
mouyovv Xoytp- °J2ar« ogovg «? $taX*yoiju&a nav- 
:es* xal ti'lXiag oQtofiog ay ctt^ 9.'*Eu, oirdsula 
'mcnrifiri ptnodtiStur ay,. an tovjoZtovvofianovil drj~ 
.oil • ovd' ol oqusfAol tolvv» toy** ngoafylovoty. lo. 
Ex ps% ToLyvv toi/tow ovte eqwfiag xal ovXloyioubg 
paivnai,tahzbyov, ovte -ravrov avXXoytafiog xal o$4- 
Tfxog • Ttyogde tovrotg, on ovdi o oguffib$ ovdiv ov- 
s anofeixyvviy, ovie dUxvvow ovts to %i ionp ov&\ 
>?WJ?> ovf anod&i$H, y ddrt yvwwtt*? 
CAP.UT VIIL.. 
Haliy 9i Gxtmiev, %l tobxwr Xiyttai xaXmg, xal 
i ov xaXwg* xal tl ianr a bgiopog • xal tov ii 
louvaga nag tony anodute xal bgtopbg , ^ ovfa- 
i&g* 2. 'JBitel d f daily (&g espapsv) tavtov , to d~ 
JaW* tl im, xal to $l8ivw to aftior.Tov tl ioti • Xo- 
/og &8 toutovy oniatl n aXtiov *ai*o$to 1} to avto, 
5 aXXo * xav p aXXoy 7) anoSUxxby-, q avano&tuttoy •. 
■I toivw imlv aXXo , jtalJ>dij(erai anodeitcn, avay- 
%n-9 pwov dvah-ti al'iiov, xa}-{iy]:x( exvt**** J W 
ngmtq faixyvo&af xa&oXov te yag xal xattjypgixbv 
to diutyvpsvor tlg.pb drj tgonog Jiysl'n b vvv&ijtu- 
ouivog, to dLSklov to tiiondtlxvvo&vt* T&yt§/aQ • 
%i ioTiy avdyxq to fUav* eiV«i tijeti * xal t&v i&i(*v 

2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



212 AR1STOTEL1S 

loW. "jloxs xb fib dti$u , xo d* ov dsi$u 9 tuv xi v 
tlp&i %m avxm ngayfiaxi. 3. Ovxog piv ovv o xoono; 
Su ovx av tlrj inodnltg, ttorixai nqoitQov - «iJf tor* 
Xoyixbg ovXXoyiofibg xov %l ioxiv. 4. "Ov 5e toojw 
Mixnm, liyajitVy tlnovxeg naUv l£ «$p?£. - 5. c '/lff- 
jmo yao to <W<m £q*04//££»(> iftoyTt? *boii t frioxtdixa) 
St pa dyXet ytvstai, aX£ ovx* ngoxsqov ^e x6 dtor* ov- 
vaxbv yvmoioat xov ot* * dijAoy f cm bptoi&g xal xb %i 
tjv that ovx uvev xov o'xi ioxiv* 'Advraxov yitq tiftim 
xi ioxiv, ayvoovvxag, u eoxi. 6. To ie si tow o*ip& 
xaxa ovpfeflqxog fyopw, oxi d* %xovxi$ xt xov avxov 
. ngayfiaxog • olov fyovxqw, or* tftotpog xig vsqwv • xb* 
htleiyiv, or* oxdgtjoig xov ywtog* xal nv&QWTov, on 
Cwo'v w «a< yvzij*, ow avToeaiftoxtyoi/y. 7. c, Ooaft& 
ovv xaxa ovfifiefitjxog ol'dapsv, ox&4ot}v, avayxawv, 
ptldafmg fytw toobg xo xi ioxiv* ovds y«g t oxt «Wr, 
lofjiw xo di lf\tnv xl ioxi py fyovxag, oxiiuil, fiij- 
fov fyxHv iaxr xa& ooatp d 3 fyopiv xt, §tfOv. t 'jl<nt, 




. ,„ . , ., Igp ov Jf* jxvxhpqa 

foff yye, £<p ov B. To fiiv ovv, 7t6xegov ixXdmt, y 
ov, xb B tyxctv ioxlv dg ioxlv, ij ov. Tovxo d' oibh 
SiaqiigH tyxuv , % u eoxi loyog avxov. Km iuv j] 
tovxo, xaxitvo yotpw Hvaw Iff, noxious Tife aril* 
<pao60)g iaxtv 6 Xcyog , noxtoopxov tynv dvo oo&ag, 
*i xov w Ifxuv. 9. lOxuv # tvomptv, «>« to on 
xal xo 3wn ioptr, «V diafdem, j. 1 0. El fo ?$, to oti, 
to toon to ov. StUn* r> ZxXuyng, A> xb jxayotlfav 
Qxiavw dwao&ainourp, fii^bg itubrftnmSiSn* 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. II. CAP. VIII. 213 

yavsgov, iqf pi B. El toirvv t$ r vn&gxn to B, to 
fir} dvvao&at noiuv oxiav, fifjdsvig p$ta$v rjfiw fiv- 
rog* tovtta dstb A, to ixXsXomivat* on fib ixXilmi, 
dfjlop • dion d' } ovnta. Kal on piv ihtXuy/lg ionv y 
i'optv ti di iotiv, ovx Xofuv. 11. ArjXov d* oviog, 
on to A Tfti T vnagxu, aXXa, did ti'vndgxn, to ?*?- 
ttXv to 2? ti ioti, nottgov avtia>gm£ig, jj otgotpT} ttjg 
OBXyvyg, ij omoofltoig tov qxatog. 2\>i/to d' iatlv 6 
Xoyog iov ktigov axgov , olov, iv tovtoigtov A* ton 
ydg fj tlxXeujjtg avtiyga&g vnb yrjg, Tiion (Igovtrtf . 
nvgbg anoofootg iv v&ptt. Aw ti figovrf; did to 
anooP&wvo&vct to nvg iv tw viqit*. Niyog, r* figov- 
Ty, A • dnoofitoig nvgbg, to B. T<j? dy T, t<$ vityM, 
v-nagxu to B * dnoo/fevvvtai ydg iv avttp to nvg • 
Tot/Tfe) 6*£ to A, \p6(f)og. Kal son y% Xoyog to B tov 
A, tov ngettov axgov, l2»*Av di ndXhV tovtov aXXo 
tiioov cfy, ix tav nagaloinmv *awi> Xeywv. 13. c Jl$ 
lih totvvv XappdvEtai to tl ioti , xal yivttai yvtag^ 
wov, tigtjtai. "Slots ovXXoytojUbg fib tov ti iotiv 
ov yivttai, ovd dnodti$ig • drjXov fiiv to* did avXXo- 
yiopov, xal [di] anodsiU^g' wn ovt ctvsv dnodet- 
&a»$ ioti yvtavat to tlionr, ov kmv attiovaXXo' ovt, 
iatlv anodu£ig avtov, Honeg xal iv tolg dianogtjfia- 
aiv tVnopsv. 14. 'jEot* de t&v fib tttgov t* al'tiov 
twv d* ovx iotiv. "Jlatt drfiov, on xal tmv tl ion ti 
ukv afisoa xal agxai siaiv * « xal Jvai , xal ti ianv ' 
vnod'ia&ai dsi, yaXXov tgonov (pavigkno^oat^Onzg 
agt&ftrittxbg nottt' xal yag tl ion, tr\v povdda, 
vnoti&ttai 9 xal, on iatL 15. Tup d* ixovtwv fie- 
aov f xal iv ioti n htgov alitor trig oioiag, ton d{ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



214 AHISTOTELIS 

a7i0fc&ft>S, wontg clnopw , dqXajdcii y pi]-x6 xi fow 
txnodtixvvyiag. 

CAPUT IX- 

*Ogiou6gd* 4mi8fi Xiytxcu ilvat Xoyog xov- xttoti, 

opavtgbv, Sn o psv xig toxai Xoyog xov xi orjpalvsno 

bvopa,rf Xoyog htqogovopaxdsdrig' oiov,xo, xiofipai- 

vu, xiioxtv, fi xqiywov onsg txovteg r oxi.4oxlj fijtoi*- 

ptr, b\a xlioxt* XaXeitov £' ovxtag ioxl Ictp&v, « fin 

Tuptv, oxt iatlv. *H 9** atria el'^Tort ng6x$QOv ifex*' 

XenotTjTog' oxioid', *l c<m*> , % py , tope*, aXX tj 

xar« ovpfofaxog. ~2, Aoyog ds slg &axi &£&£.' o.fuv 

ovvbitipq, vonsgtyxXiug* o ds tw ^awd- 9 Syosfyiow 

^i?/ x«t« avpfoPrixog. 3. J$$Mhdr}ogog &tt«' [o?ot/| 

o e*f *#t€Vo$. ^kAAoff ^ &w*i> 4»£©£ A070? o dyXwv, 61a xl 

iaxiv, 4. v Jlot* p*v'*tgox*gog aypcdrn pev,-ddxwat 

tf ov'-o d* vaxtgog qwvegopoxi laxai, ohm atnodeihs 

xov it ear t^ tj} S-iou dioupigtwxfi ganodti$€tog. dmpi- 

gu yag linslv^Seaxi flgovxa-; xa#, xi-iaxi -ft&ovxq; igtl 

yag ovxoa psr, dioxi anoapivwxa^xo nvgip xotg v£~ 

tpsoi. Tid' iotiPgovxtj; yjoopog inoofowvpivov itvgig 

4v xolgv&qp&nv. a Jlaxs 6 avxog Xoyog aXXovxgo-novXiyt- 

tar* xixl wdl psv anodu^igavvsxv?' ndl ds oyigpog. 5- 

*jExi, iaxiv- ogog figovxyg, y>6q>og-4v vsq€W, Tovxo d 

'ioxl xqg xov xiioxw omodslZmg ovpnigaapou 6/0 

He xtav apeoav ogiopog &ioig ioxl xov xi iaxiv ava- 

nodnxxog. 7. "Eoxiv &ga ogwpog elg ph, Xoyog xov 

xi ioxivuvuitodeixxog* elg d&, avXXoytqphg xov xi iau 

nxwoti dia(p€Q(i)v xtjg< aitodefeewg * xgixog de f xyg xov 

xl iaxiv unodeiSetig ovpntQctopa. 8. toavsgbv ovv i* 

xS>v $lgnftimv { xal nmg iaxi xov xliauv «wofl«|t£. 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. II. CAP. X. 215 

xal n&g ovx Ibrr xal xlvw ioxl, xaltivtsv ovx forty- . 
IVi 6*« 9 ogwfieg noGax&g xs Xtysiaf xal nag xb xl 
ioxi deixwMj xal n&gQv • xal tivtov ioxl, xal xivvtv 
ov ' hxi de, nobg anodei^tv nwg %%u * xal nwg ivdi%i- 
vat jov avxov that, xal n&g ovx iydsx^ott. ' 

CAPUT X. 
*En& ds inioxao&ai olope&a, oxav tldoyitv Tip 
tdxiav • allien, ds xiooaqeg • pia fib>, to xl tjv that * 
fila de, xb xiv&v ovxmv avayxi\ xovx stvm • ixioa 3e, 
% xi nq&xov ixlv^ov xtxaqvq di, xbxlvog tvtxa* naoat 
uixcutdii xov.fiioev deixwvxat* To, xiyaoxovxov Snog 
todl avwyxr\ tlvou, fxiag pi* nooxaostog Xr\cp&t{or}q, 
ovx Jfoxi* dvolvds xovlu&toxov xovxod' ioxlv, oxav ev 
uioov bx&oi. Tovxov ovv b>bgXi}<f>&£vTog, avaptrj, xo 
ovpnioaofAa ttvai. % AyXov di xal ude. Jia xl og&rj 
^ h iftuxvxXief / q, xlvog ovrog, oo&rij tana di) oo^y, 
i<p fjgA' i^lotta dvelv oo&aiv, iq/ yg B' i) iv r^nxv- 
xXita, iq? f}g T' t ov dy xo A, xx)v oq&tiv, inaqx^v t$ 
JT, tJ} iv t$ JfptxvxXiw, aXxwv xo B. Avxtj fiiv yag rjj 
A Xwi\ ds, xo r, Xfi B ' dvo yag <>$&&■» f)ploua. 
Tov B ovv ovxog , ^filotog dvo bg&wv , xo A t<£ JT 
vnaqX* 1 * iQ&io d* %v xo iv tjuixvxXiy oq&tjv slvai. 
3* Tovxo dsxaitov ioxt xip x-i yv tlvai, xfo xovxo at\- 
palvuv xiv Xoyov. 'AXX* (i^v xal xo xi k\v slvai al- 
xiov didttxxai xo uioov, 4* To dt, dta xi o Mydixbg 
noUftog tyivtxo A&qvaioigj xlg ahia tov TtoXtfLU- 
o&at Id&qvaiovg ; Sxi tigSaodug fiBi^gexgucav ivi- 
fiaXov * tovto faQ ixivriOB hqwxov. IloXijiog, i<p ov 
A * nooxioovg slaftotXeiv, B * 'A&yvutot, JT. < TndQx& 
$*l xoB x$r, to ngovsgov ifipaXfXv, xoig'A&nvaloig* 

Digitized by dOOQlC 



210 ARJSTOTELIS 

to dlAito It, noXtpovai yog tcltg ng^Ttgoy afonrjou- 
aiv. *TnaQ%u aga tw ah Bto A, to 7toXeu£otou 
totf ngottgoy ao£«o* • tovrMs to B to* JT, rytoi to** 
*A&ijyaloig' ngotegoi yag *iQ$(xy. Mdoov aga xal it- 
tav&a to ottuoy to nqtaxov xivtjoav. 5. "Ocaw' 6* 
aliio? to fycxa twos' oloy, &a xinsginatu ; ootoj? v/f- 
airy • flia tioixta loxlv ; ontog at*£rjTcuTa oxsvtj * to 
jis* , IVcxa tov vyiaivuv * to 6*ij IVtxa tov ow&o&at. 
Atit ti de ano deinvov dil ntginattiv ; xaltytxaxivog 
dti; oifdh dtcupigti. 6. Uegiixaxog &* ano dtiwov, P 
to fty imnoXattw to, aixia, i<p ov B* to vyiaivtw, iff 
ov A' sotoj dy tw ano dtlnvov mginaxuv vitdgxov T0 
7toi6iv fiy imnoXafcw t« onia ngog tw oro/iom Tijs 
xoiklag* xalxovxo vyieivov. doxsi yaQVTidgxny xw ns- 
quzaxuv to} JT, to £ to pq imnold^uv to\jiixia' tov« 
toj o« to .4 to vytuvov. Ti ovv afxiqy toj r tov to A 
vnagzny; to ov evsxa to B [to ay frtinoXd&iv]. Tov- 
to di ionv, uottsq ixtivov Xoyog* to yag A ovrwg ano- 
do&rjOBiai. Jia xl to B toJ JT iaxtv • on tovt lor* to 
iyiatvuy to oi>T6>g e/fiv. z/«Z Je fiitaXaufiaysiy tov$ 
Ao/ov? , *at ovxatg txaoxa palXoy qpamxa*. 7. -4* 
ds yiviong uvoutaXiv irxav&a xalinl tmysaaxi xhmaaf 
aliloiv. *JExuuiv}ao xouiaov du ytvio&ai ngfaxov h- 
xav&ct di to r, to wxaxov ttXtvxaioy di io ov £re- 
*a. 8 • '£ydixtxw 6e to avio x«2 fVsxa tivog thai, xal 
i$ dvdyxr^g. Olov, did xj ditiai did tov XafunTTjgog to 
amg; xal yag 4$ dvdyxijg diigxexai to fitxgoptgion- 
gov dia T<5f ueiSorav nogoir, eVn'sg q>£g ytverai t$ dtti- 
vai • xal tvBxa tivog • onwg uy nxaluutv. "Aga ovw, fi 
slvai todix&tu, xal yivta&at ivdi X nat,* olontg, ti 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. ML CAP. XI. 217 

figovxa , oLTioopevvvpivov tov nvgbg, avayxrj, ol£etv 
xal yoyuv, xal, J&antg \ol nv&ayogstot] qpaoty,) 
AmiX^g tvtxa toig iv tw Tagtdgy, Snag (pojSwyrau 
9. nXitota di toiavxd iaxt , xal fidlioxa iv toig xa- 
%a a}vaivavviota(idvoigxalavveoti»oiv. 'Hfsuvydg fot- 
xd tov Trout qpvoig* fj di it ctvdyxrjg. lO.'Ho" avdy- 
#ij dnvq • ^ fiiv yitg xata qpvatv xal ti\v bgprjv • i\ di 
ptala fj naga trjv bgprjv • wantg b Xi&og c£ uvdyxrjg 
xal ava xal xdtat (pigejou, all' ov dta tip avtr^v 
avdyxrjv. 11. *Ev ditotganb diavoiag tapir ovdinota 
inb tov avrofidtov indgxti, olov oixia , r\ dvdqiag, 
ovd' i$ avdyx^g , aX£ tvsxd tov tit di [xa2J anb 
rvxyg, olov, vyiua , xal omrigCa* 12. MaXvoxa di 
iv ogoig ivdixsxai xal tods xal aXXag^ bxav pi] anb 
vvxyg f\ %jji*cHg jj , mots to xsXog*dya&bv tvexd xov 
ylvvtai* xal ij oppou, tj ibXVfl* *Anb tvxw & oidep 
tvtxd tov ylvtxau 

CAPUT XI. 
To avxb d' aXxibv ioxi tdtg yivopivoig, xalxolgy*- 
yevrifjtvoig , xal toig ioopivotg, onfg xal^xolg ovoi* 
(xb yag fiioov aXttov,) nXrjv xolg fiiv ovoiv ov toig 
' di yivopivoig yivoptvov toig diy8yevi)pivoigytytvri<- 
pivofc toig di iaopivotg ioofiwov, (jlov, diitxiyiyovw 
txXtityig ; iioti iv fiiam yiyovtv ^ ftj • yivtxai di, &o- 
xt yihxai* total di, dtbti sotai iv |uww * xal taxi di, 
oti iaji. Ti ioxi xgvaTaXXog ; tlXriqp&fo dn, otj vdo)g 
mntjyog. *Tdwg t i<p ov T* mntjybg, itp ov A • avxiov 
xb fiioov, i(p ovB 9 BxXuijtig &egpovnavxeXrig/Tndg- 
%u dff tw r to JB • rovty di xb mni\yb>ai , to «V °* 
A. rfrnai dixgvaxaXXog, yivofiivov xov B' ytyirnw* 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 



218 ARISTOTEMS 

8i 9 yty$9fiitlvov tat at di, (oojiivov. 2. To fih ov* o5- 
ttag altiov, xal ov aluov, apa yivetou, otav.ylvjjtat' 
not totiv, Stay y • xal inl tov ysyovsyat, xal Zota&ai, 
waavTMf, 3.*£nl tie twv (it) apa ag iatlv & tw aw«- 
tXUXQovw, Soneg doxtl t\\uv, aXXa aXXtoy atria il- 
vai ; olov, tdvde ylvzo&ai ttsgoy yiyoptvoy • xal tov 
toto&cu ettgov iooptvov xal tov yty&o&ai dk, tttttp- 
ngoo&sv iyivttoj A^Eoudeotnb tov vatigoy ytyevo- 
tog o ovXXoyiofiog, *Ag%i] $* * a * *wtw ta yeyoyora* 
9io xal inl t£y yivopivuy woait&g, $>.*Anb di tov 
ngotigov ovx tatty • olov, iml tod* yiyoviv, ou tibt 
vategoy yiyoye. Kal iirl tov tota&at waaviug. Oitc 
yag aoglatov 3 ov& bgta&ivtog tataitov xgovov, wax , 
intl tovt aXrj&ig unity. ysyoviyat, tod* aX^&ig tlniiv 
ysyovivat to iraxtQov. *Ev yag tm fista^v xptvdog taxak 
to tinny tovtOfydq datigovyeyovirog* *0 f aitig 
Xoyog xal inl tov ioopivov. 6. Ovti* \ intltodeyiyovt, 
tod 3 tat at. To yag fiiaov, opoyovov dsl tty at' TaJrye- 
vopivwv ytvojityov twv ioopivaty iaoptvor tStv ym- 
fiivw yiyogitvov twv oytwy "ov. Tov Zk yiyoye, xal tov 
total, ovx ivdixltai stvat ofioyovoy. 7. Ett ovtt aogt~ 
atov ivdixetat, slvai toy xgovov tov (ina£v, ovit <5$i- 
afiivov, Wisvdog yag ear at to uniiv iv tip fisralv. 8. 
*Emoxtntiov di t tl to avvixov, (Sore fitta to ytyovi- 
raito yfrso&awnagxtivip totg ngaypaoiv. "HdyXoVt 
on ovx tony ixofitvov ytyovbtog yivoptvov ; ovds. yag 
ywofitvov ysvofitvov nigata yag, xal atofta^Jlomg 
ovv ovds ottypal slaty aXXtjXtov ixopsvat, ovds ysvo- 
fiBva* apqxa yag adiaigeta. Ovds dy yivopwoy ytywn- 
fiivov dia to avto; to ph. yag yivopwov diaigetor to 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT.POST. LIB. II. CAP. XL 219 

de ytyovbg adialgtTov. v Jlontg ovv ygappr) ngbgotiy- 
fii)v *x u > ovta> t by ivofitvov ft gbg to ytyovhg. 'Evvndg- 
X n y^g antiga ytyovota iv tw yivofiivta. MaXXov os 
Xpavtgiag tv toXg xa&6Xov ntgl xtvyotatg del Xtx&ijvai' 
ntgl tovtuv. 9. Jltgl pev ovv tov Tmg av iq>t£tjg ytvo- 
fiivrjg Tr)g ytviatwg %xoi to pioov to aVtiov , tlli)<p&a) 
iitl tooovtov. Idtdyxr] yag, xal iv xovtoig to ngwtov 
9taltb pioov aptoa thai, Olov/tb A yiyovtv, [intl 
to r yiyovtv •] vottgov detb r yiyovtv, epngoo&tv di 
to A. 3 Agx^di f0 F $ la to iyyvttgov ToiJ vvv thai, 
o iota? agxtj tov xgovov. To de r yiyovtv, tl to Ayiyo- 
vv tov dt) A ytvopwov, aviyxi\ t to Aytyovivai. AVtiov 
de to r. Tov yag A ytvoptvov, avayxtj, to Vytyovi- 
vat 'tov de r ytyovotog, avayxi\, ngoTtgov to Ayt- 
yovivai. Ovtta di X-apflavovti to pioov, oti]ottdtTtov 
tig aptoov; v ael nagtpnto&Tai dia to antigov; ov 
yag iotiv ixoptvov ytyovbg ytyovotog, ^ontg iXi%&ri. 
*AXX* aglao&ai yt oping avayxtj dnb tov ftiaov , xal 
a 7i 6 tov vvv ngwTOV. 1 O.Opoksg de x«» inl tov torcu. 
El yag aXtj&tg tlniiv, oti carat to A m avayxtj ttoot*-! 
gov, «Xtj&ig tlnelv,-oti to A carat. Tovtov 6""a?Tioy 
to T*. Elpivyag to A total, ngottgovtb r total* tl 
de to r total, itgottgov to A coral. U)po{wgdl* anti- 
gog tj topr\ xal iv tovtoig. Ov yag iottv iaoptvaixo- 
ptya aXXriX(ov,'*Agxn dt xal iv tovtoig aptoog Xij- 
nria. 11. "Ex** $* ovt(og inl tw? tgyw* -El yiyovtv 
olxia,avayxtj, tttptjo&ai Xl&ovg, xal ytyovivai. Tov- 
to dia xl i oti avayxtj, &epikiov ytyovivai, tlntg xal 
olxlav ytyovivai. El dt &tptXiov, ngortgov ytyovivai 
Xi&ovg, avayxri. 12. UaXiv l tl total olxta, wouvnog 

Digitized by GoOgle 



JQO ARI&TOTELIS 

ngoxtoov toovjat xo7xoi, Aeixvvxai di xal dia xov 
pioov opoiag • toxai yag &spiXiov ngoxtgov. 13. 
*Enel d 3 QQWfitv iv xoig ywopivoig xvxXm uva yevsoiv 
ovoav • ivdix*xai xovxo tlvai, ditto tnoivxo aXXqXoig 
to piaov xat ol axgoi • iv yag xovxo ig xo dvxiaxgir 
qttiv iaxL Jedeixxat ds xovxo iv xoig ngtoxoig, Sxi av- 
xwxQs<f>u xi ovpmgdofi axa. To di xvxXqj, xo vxo ioxur. 
foil dt xwv %qyw yalvtxai cade* fafigtypsvyg xr\g yijg, 
ivayxxi, dxuida yiveo&ai • xovxov de ytvop&vov , w- 
yog • xovxov ds ysvopivov, vdfog • xovxo* $i ysvofd- 
vov, civvy xi], figixto&ai xqv yx\v* Tovxo d* qv xo il 
vox*\g- IftaTfi xvxXw ntoitXijXv&w. *Evbg yag avxwv 
oxovovv Srxog, extgov ioxi, xyxeivov, aXXo • xal xov- 
xov, xo nguxov. l4*"-Eou d' svia psv yivofitvaxa- 
&6Xov ' as/ is yag xalinl navxog % ovxtogixti, ij yi~ 
mat * xa di ael fiiv ov , cuf inixonoXv di. Oiov, ov 
nag av&gainog aqgr\v xo yiveiov xgixovxat, aX£ w? 
innonoXv* 15. Tatv di} xoiovxwv avayxr\ xal xo pe- 
oov a>g imxonoXv eJvcu. El yag xo A xaxdxovBxa^ 
&6Xov xaxriyoquxal, xal xovxo xaxi xovTxa&oXov 
ava/XT}, xal xoA.xaxa xov Tail xal inl norths 
xaxyyogtio&af (xovxo yag ion xo xa&oXov, xal 
inl navxog, xal a si') aX£ vnixuxd , wg imxonoXv* 
avdyxq aga xal xb pioov wg imxonoXv elvat, xo iq? 00 
xo B* 16 *'Eoov j at xolvvv xai x&v oh imxonoXv ao- 
Xal aptooi, iffa &g imxonoXv ovxug iaxlv, 1} y'mxm* 

CAPUT XII. 

IIa>g pkv ovv xo xi ioxiv tig xoig ooovg anodUlo- 
xat, xal xiva xgonov anoduUg i} ogwpog iaxiv aviov, 

Digitized by VaOOQiC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. II, CAP. XII. 221 

4? oix scxiv, tighten ngoxsgov. UStg 9e 5tt &rjgsv8tv 
ii iv t<5 xi iaxi xaxqyogovfiGva, vvv Xiyatfisv. 2. Tuv 
di) vnagxovxtov dbl kxaaxio %via intxxbivu inl nXiov, 
ov pivxoi I'Icm tov yivovg, jiiym ds inl nXiov indq- 
Xtw, o-va vndgxei [iiv kxaatco x ad olov, ov pt\v allot 
xotl allw. Olov, ioxlxi, bandog rgiddi vndgxu, aXXa 
xal pr] xgiddi* woneg to ov vndg%u T V TOtadV, alia 
xal fifi dgi&p(p. °Alla xal to ntgixxhv vnagx** T8 
nuoj) xgiddi , xal inl nXiov vtidgxsi, *«^ /« Q *# wa>- 
tddi vndqxw *H* °vx Sw T0 *> y£*ovg • i) fiiv ydg ntv- 
%ag agi&pog • ovdh de l'|w dgidpov rttqnxov. 3. Ta 
dij xoiavxa Xynxiov (tixQ* tovxovjtmg roaavxa Xriqp&fj 
ngmxov, vv txaaxov fikv inl nXiov vnagStij anavxa 6* 
pi] inl nXiov. * Tavxyv yag dvdyxi\ ovolotv thai xov 
vtgdyjiaxog. 4. Olov xgtddi vndgz*i ndorj dgt&fiog, 

TO ntQtXXOV, TO UqSiXOV d(iq)0x4gG>g, Xttl 0>g fl7\ HtTQ*Z- 

o&at, digi&fia , xal ag pi) ovyxeio&ai i$ dgi&fitav, 
Toixoxolwv ydy ioxlvfjxgtdg, &gi&iibgmgixx6g7xg(ti*> 
tog xal a>6* ng&xog. Tovxtov ydg txaaxov rot fiiv xal 
rdtg n tgixxotg n«aiv indgx*h to 3e xeX$vxaiov xal xp 
dvddi, navxa ds ovdsvL 5. 'Entl de dtdrjXtoxai tjfuv iv 
tolg avm, ©w avayxaia piv ioxi xa iv x& xl ioxi xa~ 
tyyoQOVf**vaj(xd xa&oXov ds dvayxaXa^xg 8k tgiddc 
xal iap ov allov ovxa Xappdvtxai iv to) xl ioxt xa 
Xafifiavpftsva* ovxtag it avdyxrjg fih av tlrj xgtig 
javca. 6. "Oxt 6 3 ovala, ix xSivlh 8i\XoV, *Avdyxr) ydg, 
u (irj xovxo rivxgtddi ilvai, olov yivog xi elvm xovxo, 
^ wvofjiaofiivov, vj dvmvvfiov • carat xoivvv inl nXttov, 
i\ xjj xjgtddi, vndgxov. c Tjioxtlad-ta yctg, xoiovxov elvai 
to yivog', cSare indgxew *axa dvvapiv inl nlttov. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



£g ARISTQTEL1S 

El xoiwiv (irfi&vX vnaQxu oUw, ij taig axoficig tqta- 
or* tovx ap sty to tQiddi ttvai. e TJto*$id&<» ydq xal 
tovxo, rj ovaia y kxdatov ttvai, y inl iciig axopoic, 
tv£aio<; toiavzy xaxtjyoQia. "Slate opoUag xal alia 
oxqoip tm ovioa dux&* p*g>p to avt$ elvcu Uaxa*. 7. 
Jtyq.de, Stop oloptinomyftotttvapai tig, duluv xo 
yipog.slg xa axopa tw ei'fct xa nq&xa • olop,aoi&uh» 
tig.jQiuda xal dvdtia, . EL& ovxmg ixeivwv oQUjfwvg 
BHQao&cu Xapfldveiv olop, tv&eiag yoapfirjg, xal 
uvxlov, xal OQ&fjg yuviaq. Mtxa tie tovxo lap ftavot- 
t«, t/ to. yivot, olop, itoibqop %&pnoomp f $ mp nouap, 
%a Idia nd&n. &&wqup duk tav xoipmp nqtaxmv. Tovg 
yao owxi&mipoig sx twv atopaih ti ovpflvirovxa ix 
%fip oqiap&p totai, d via t diet to agx^P «&«* napxm 
top hgiapop xal. to anlovp,xalroig anlaZgxa& av- 
zavndoxsip ta ovpfiaipoptet popoig* tdig d* alloig 
xax Ixiiva.^ 8. 4i didiaiq&ms alxaxd tag diayo- 
qdg XQtjoifiol daip elg. to ovtw ptiiivai. 9. *&$ pb- 
toi foutvvowjip, ifgtjtai4p tdig ngixtoop.. Xoqoipot 
S ' &p thp (iqpqp wdt< Tifbg to ovlloyi&o&ai to ti 
lot i, lo. Kahot do£utpav ov$sr r al£ sv&vg lap- 
(tapup artapta, waney ei i$ d$xn$ ilaufiaps.ttg aptv 
tijg diatoiomg. 11. Jtaqdgn oi tt,. to Ttgaxov xal 
vottQOP tip xatyyoqovu&pwf xaxtiyoQuo&cu* Otop, 
tlniiv ££op ijfUQOP dlnovp, $ dhxovp. £mov ijptQov. 
Ei ydo Snap ix 8vo iotl, xal Up xi to fwor %p s Q°*> 
xal ndlw ix zoviov xal xrjg Siaq>ogdg 6 &v&Q<tmog, 
% oxt S^noU Am. to IV ytvdptpop • avayxalop, dislo- 
fispop aixsio&ai. \2. v Ejmqog to pr}Siv naqaXmuv 
i»f t^> %i iaxiy ovxoi povwg b&sxixai. "Otap yig to 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB; II. CAP. XII. 223 

ngitop Xrfth&jj yivog, av fiiy xwp xctttt&iv tipa dial- 
gitmav XctjufSdvy, ovx i(imo{txai Snap tig tovxo. Olov, 
ov nap £»oy r, oXonxtgop, rj a^okxtgop; aXXa nxij- 
*av Jwov Snap 9 tovxov yag diaqtoga avtr\. IlQWTrj'ds 
dtatpoga ioxt ?wov, tig r\vanav fwov ipninxti. 'Opoi- 
ug. 8& xal xiap aXhov btaoxov, xafawv I£« ytvm , xal 
tip in aixo* olov oQvi&o*-, tig fjp Snag ogpig* xal 
tX&vog, tig ij*- anag ix^vg* Ovtod pip ovp (tadi£opxi 
tfotip tldjrai, on ovdip nagaXiXttnxar* aXX&g di xal 
nagaXntH* apayxator, xalurj ti&svou. 13. Ovdip di 
du top ogitoptpop xat diaigovptvop anapxa tide- 
fat ?a opt a*. Kaltot advvarop cpaaiv tlvai tivtg xig 
tiiaqtogig sUirai rag ngogtxaoxop ptjtidoxa exaoxoP* 
av*v di tiv diaqpogwp ovx tlpat txaaxop tldivai. Ov 
yag pr\ diayigsi, xafcov tlpattovxy ov di dtaqpigU, 
fagoy xovxov* 14. Ilgixov pip ovp xovxo xptvdog, 
Ov yag xaxa nmaap diaxpogap fotgov, IloXXal yao 
diaqpqgal vnag%ovai toig avtdtg t<£ tfdu , aXt ov 
xai ovoiap, ovdi xctx? otvxa. 1 5. EJxa, oxap Xafy 
%m aptixtipspa xal t fa diaqpogav, xal oxi nap ipni- 
nxti irrav&a, ij ivxav&a, xal Xctfy b & align to Jft- 
tovptpov ilvai, xal tovto yivtooxt) • ovdip dtaqpigsi, 
tldiwt, i; py tU&pai, iq>* oot&v xatyyogovvtai aXXtap 
ai dia<pogaL 0aptgbv yag, Jw ap ovxoa padftap tX- 
&jj tig tavxa, «r pijxixi ioxY 6haq>oga , $$*i xopXoyop 
tt)g oioiag. To $' anav tyminxuv tlgxfjvdiajgtatp, 
or j) apxixtiptva, &y pi taxi ptxa$v t evx atxrjpa* 
ipayxti yag, anav iv &axigto avtip tlpat, ttneg ixti- 
vov diaavoga taxai, 16. Eig b% to xaxaoxtvatup ogov 
diaxwv fooigiot&v, xgifa M oTo%d{to&ai , xov Xa- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



224 AttlSTOTELIS 

(ffiv xi xaxrjyogovfitva iv tw xl ioxi, xal xaixu ra- 
|cm, xl ixgStxov, i\ dsvxsgov, xal oxi xavxandvxa, 17 
"fioxi ds xovxav sv ngwxov , dia xov dvvaa&ai, vie ?*( 
ngbg to ovfifoPrjxbe, dvXXoyioad&ai, oxi vndgxsi, *« 
did xov yivovg xaxaaxsvdoai. -18. To ds xdisai, aj< 
dil, taxai, idv xb ug&xov Xdftt], Tovxo ds eaxai a 
Xriy&y, o ixdoiv dxoXovxtii, ixsivtp dspr} nana. ° .. . 
*V Y*Q> *l*<*i ** xotovxov. Ar\y&ivxog ds xovxox *£ 
inl x&v xdxto 6 avxog xginog. dsvxsgov ydg'it'l 
akXwv itg&xov taxai* xal xgixov xb xmv igze t 4 i 
*A<J>etiQ€&ivxog yag xov avm&sv, xo igxoftsvovxu, 
Xwv ng&xov I'oxai. 'Opoiwg ds xalinlxwv aXXiap. x ^ . 
Oxi d an arret xavxa, qtavtgbv ix xov Xafitiv xo xi 
ngwxov xaxd diaigsaiv, oxi anav 1) xods, ij to^f, 
vnugxsi ds xods • xal ndXiv xovxov b'Xov xr\v dia 
gap* xov ds xsXsvxaiov .fir^xsxi slvai dia<pogdv rj . il 
$v&vg psxi xr\q xsXsvxaiag dtacpogag xov avviXov ptj 
diaysgstv sibsi xovxo. 20. di)Xov yag, oxi ovrs nXslov 
ngooxsixai • ndvxa yag iv tw xi itsxiv sXX^nxai tou- 
xonv * ovxs anoXtlnsi ovdiv • <j) yag ysvog, 7} dia<pogi 
av tVtj. rives (isv ovv xo, x$ ngmxov , xal (Asxa rwy 
diacpogwv xovxo ngooXapflavofisvov al diaopogal Si 
ndoai exovxai * ov yag sxi iaxlv voxiga* stdsi yag up 
dis<psgsxo xsXsvxaiov. ' Tovxo d 9 sigyxai fir\ diayi- 
gsiv. ,21. Zyxsiv ds dst inifiXinovxa inl xa ofioitt 
xal ddidq>oga ngUxov, xi anavxa xavxbv sxovmv 
slxa ndXiv iap kxsgoig , a iv xavxa fisv yivu ixtivoig, 
ttol ds avxolg [iev xavxa x% $tdu , ixtivwv ds hsga. 
"Oxav ds inlxovxtav Xycp&jj, xijidvxa xovxov, xal Mil 
xwv aXXav bpolwg * inl x&v ttXrjfifiivwv oxomlv nd- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



ANALYT. POST. LIB. IK CAR XII. 22& 

1 liv, si taizov, swg ay ug fya U&fl Xoyoy* Ovxog ydg 
> so*** tow ngaypaxog ogiopof. 3 Ew di pq /?«Wffl 
! tig H#ot, ai£ st$ Wo> 1} TrJUlor dqXov, oxt ovx ay el'rj, 
, 6v t* *7r«no typQvp&oif, aXXa nXdw. 22. O&y A4~ 
y<o , si, tHoti psyaXoipvxia , ^Tjtovfiey, oxmxiov inl 
i t/ . f ptyvXoyvxw, ovgVojw , xl &oi/ow h ndvx$g 9 

t^ v > gat o .47a? ' t/ & anantg* to firt wixto&a* 

en ivyitvoi* 'O fiw yao inorXipyosv 6 di iftyviow 

nu >ytix**ww kavxip* HaXw iq? frigav ,!olov ^fv- 

;^ov, ty <2toxoaToi;&. J£* &}. to ddtdyogoi that 

.. M/jpn/xr*? xa2 aiv^ovyTcg* TavTatfvo Xafimv oponw, 

1 zt to aviro %x ov o^ V™ and&ua ij 7rco2 t£$ xvx<xg y xal 

;,'• ?/ fit) vnofiovri ar^afo/ieVox. f £* & f^dcx, ^uo «iftj| 

, a #*fy t^s ptyaXoyivxiotQ* 23. -4«i 3* fail nag ogog 

, x. £oAov ov ydg xwi oy&aXfifi Xiyii to vyiuvov 5 

; iaT£0£, aili* tj. *h*xt2 , ^ efta dcpoghag. 24. *P^ov 

■j Tf to xa&txaoxor ogloaa&at, {j to xa#o/lot>. zfro 

^ flw fjwo twx xa&ixaajor iJt} xa xa&6Xov fteta^alvety. 

' Kail yag ctl opmvviUai Xav&dvovoi paXXoriv xoig xa- 

^ dolov, i} 4y Tofca&agioooff* 25* c ifta7r*0 fle Ix t«7$ 

I anofoi&oi, du xdyz avXXoyloaa&at vnagx*w> ovxta 
j xac (y xoig ogoig xo oaipig. Tovxo d 7 soxcu, iav dii 

twx xa&ixaoioy ctoq/tsxwx p to h Ixaor^ yivn bql- 
iso&ai x&g/?. Oiov, xo ofiotov pr] nav, aXXa to h 
*,XQtof* aal > xa * oxJficuH • xal x* o$i to It (jpwy^* ^«* 
jvTws inlxo xoivbv (ladi&iv, tlXaftovfjitrov, pri o/ju»- 
wpla ivTvxp 26. El da pr} faaliyw&ai du ptrafpo- 

II JttJj * 5f;iloy , ow ov^e ogl£$o&ai ovx* ptxa<pogaig 9 



V 

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d by Google 



220 ARISTO.TEL1S 

ovTt, oaa Xeyetai pstaqtogalg • diaXiyeo&aiydg iwij- 
xij eotai pttayogalg. 

CAPUT Xlli. 
27oo£ di to *£«* t« ngopXrjpata ixXiyeiy detiw 
t$ dyatofidg xal tig dimigdoug • o5t» <K hXiytvy, into- 
ti&ifieroy to yivog to xoi»by dndmay. Oloy, ujfia 
bTij td tB&eagrjpba, noia nayii £©q> vndgxsi- ^T 
<p&ivrwy di tovtmy, ndXiy t&y Xomartw ngwrmnola 
navtltnttcu. Olov, ei tovto Sgrig, noia nartl 8w- 
tcil ogyi&u Kal ovtmg ««J to iyyvtdtw drjlovyaQ, 
Sti tlOfitv ydy Xiyeiy to dta t/ vndgxn t« fcnropeya 
tois -wro to xoivov. Olox, Jftd il dy&gmma *J ijnrtp 
imagxeu "Eotta dij $uoy, iq> ov A* to de B,td bt&ps- 
ya nartl fww* lap mtds TJ E, ti twa f««. Ar\Xov drj, 
did ti to B vnagxettA d* did ydg tov A-bfioiugdi 
xal tolg aXXoig • xal del inl twy aXXav 6 avtbgXoyog. 
Tfvv fib ovy xatd td nagddedofiba xoiyd oyofiata 
liytofiey. 2. Ad dt fir\ fiovov inl tovtoay axonely, aA- 
id xal, av aXXo tk ocp&jj xoivby vndgxoy, ixXctftfid- 
vovxa, tha, tloh tovt dxoXov&u t xal itoia tovto 
Unetai. Oloy to?g xigataex ovat t0 *X*w ifivov, to 
fit] dfKpodovta elvai. IldXivtb xigata exeivtloivtnnai. 
Av\Xov ydg, did tl ixeboig indotsi to elgrjfiiyov * did 
ydg to xigata *x uv vndqtu. 3 ."En S\ aXXogtgonog 
iotl, xatd to avdXoyoy ixXiyeiy. *Ey ydg Xafifiy ovx 
ton to ctvib , o del xaXioai oqneioy, xal axav&ay, 
xal oatovv, *Eoxi d* Inofieva xal tovtoig, wcittg fitdg 
tivog q>voeag trjg totavtrjg ovorig. 4. Td 5* avtd 
n'gopXfifiaxd ioti td fib t$ to avtb [lioov *x HV > o* ov t 
•r* ndvxa dvttnegloiaaig • toviuy d* tyia t$ ybei 

Digitized by GoOgle 



. ANAL. POST. LIB. II. CAP. XIV. 227 

ravva, b'oa fy« diaqpogag *$ [aXXav ^] aXXtag u- 
voti * olo* * dia ii %%& , % jlta ii iucpaivnai, xaii d*a 
ti *W Snavxa yag tavta to avtb nqopXripa &m 
t^i yswi" srarra ./Ao aWxlaaif il£ tfde* rreocf 
toe #e t$ to /a'aoy 5ji6 to ingov piaov ttvai OuxqMpe* 
t&v ngoplnpttTanr* [olov\, dtailo Nulog, q>$ivovio$ 
Tt>v ^%vbg f paXXo* gti; bioti xufUQi&TSQog <p$ivw 
xal dii %l x&if*H>MTeQQg gj&Vay; diott q oeXrprq in a- 

CAPUT XIV % 

JZtot -de airfot/, xa* <w al'fioy, anog^outif av «$,' 
agm its vti&qxu to ahiatovy xa} rb aXtiov vnagx^i' 
Wfttsg-* u q>vXXo$$Qti t j) ixldnei, veil to atuov to 5 
txX*ififiv % ti<pvXXoQ$o£ly, goto*. Olov, u tovtb iatf, 
to 7»i«T«'« %x u ? w* <pvXXw to 6*' iuXtinav, to tyv 
yr t v i* pioqt tlwn. El yagfuq vnig%*h Silo t* eara* 
to aVttov oAt&v. Eits to «tr*oy V7idgx*h Sfia xal to 
aitiatov • oJoy, u *y ^caw ij yS} , ixXtinu • q, & nXa- . 
tvyvXXov, qwXlog6o$L 2. JSi M ovwp, apa&v *fy, 
xix* dnxvioito di aXXr t Xw. "jEorw yag to apiUAo^on*', 
«o/ ov ,4* to o* TrXaTtgpyjUov, 4<p ov B* apntXog di, 
frj> oi J*, £23^ Tip JB vnagz& to A, nav yag nla- 
Ti/^Uoy o;i;JUo(f{}o& •. t$ di rvnagxw *b B* notoa 
yag apntXog nXatvqpvlXo^ • t£ T vnaQXH to A, *afr 
aaoa jlfmskog q>vXXoggo&l. Ahiov di to J? to /ueVoy. 
3 AlXa xal, on «1ixti;o;i;Uo^ { aftnsXo^t iar* 3t<i tov 
q>vXXoggofiv inodeitcu. v £axw yctg tbfrivd, nXa- 
TixpvXXov tbdi E,tb <pvXXog§ouv * SjAntXog di, i<p 
ov Z' tw di} Zvnagxuib E, <pvMog6ou yag ntxoct 
afintXog • t&tii E to d ' Snap yag to q>vXXog$oovr 

' P2 

Digitized byLnOOQlC 



228 ARIST0TBL18 

nXaxvfpvlXop • naaa aqa afiTttXog nlaiv<pvkloc. & 
nop di to q>vXXo$(o*fr. 3. MM fiy Mizsrcu atua 
ilvou alXijXw (to yio afotop ngoTtoov , ov atrtov •) 
xal tov (ih ixXditetp atuop to 4p piae* tip fy* ***«*' 
tov d* jv fiioy Tyv yr^p eJpai ovx aXnov T&ixXebruf. 
tl ovv rj (jth diet tov txltiov anoduUg tov Stu tI* qUi 
(at) dia xov alfiov tov on* Qti fib iv (tioipt olds* £«w* 
8*, o$. w Ot# 8* ov to ixUinstr aVtiop tov irfUata, aX- 
Xa tovto tov ixXilnnv, yavtoov iv yog vq* Xdyyru 
xov ixXtlnup ipvnagxu T0 & ^ g< f * wot* dyXop, ou 
dti tovi&v ixupo yv&gi&tai, aXX* ov tovto di ixdpov, 
4 •"& Mineral y kvbg nXeito aiTia then; xal yap , tl 
Mori to avTb nXsiorwp xatyyooiiodai ngt^Ttog- sotm 
to A t$ & noama vitdgxov, xal tw JT «Ia» *pa»iq), 
*ai Toyva Tol$ A E.' c Tnag$u aga to A Tolg A £• aX- 
tiop di ty (Up A to B* t$ di JE to r. "Jloxe tov (Up 
ahiov vnag^orrog, apayxq, to ngayfta 4maqxup* 
tov di ngd^ftatog inaggoprog, ovx apayxq, Trap, o 
Sp jj afTtop • $X£ aXxiop uip, ov (tivTOi, nap. 5. *H, «* 
islxa&olov to ngoftiyfia, tori xctl to atTtopoXopTi; 
xal, ov afuop, xa&oXov ; olop, to q>vXXog$oup oXta %ivl 
aqHOQiofiiptp , x$p tidy avxov f\ , xal JoZode xa&oXov, 
ij oyvroXg, j} ToioXofo (pvtolg. Jlors xal to (liaov hop 
d& thai inl Tovxmp, xal ov afriov, xal apuorgiipup. 
Olop, did %(ra dipdga yvXXogqou; udrj did mfcip tov 
vygov • ttrs qyvXXoggou divdgop, dsl inaojpip wfeiv 
t*»« nvfiig vnaox** (**l or&ovv, aXXa dipdgq, q>vXXog- 
$o&p. 6. IIoTtoop d 9 ivdizttaij (irj Toavri atttov 
tlpai tov cAtov naaip, aXX* htoop, jqoS; sj , h (dp 
xa& avio aTtotiideixrah xal(i*ixatvQV(t&op, yxati 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



ANAL. POST. LIB. II. CAP. XIV. 220 

avpptpiixoQ , ox>x oI6y ?«/ o yig kayos tov axgov to 
pfooy fatly • udifiq oitwg, irf&svat.; 7.*fem 6^ 
xa*, ov aSrioy, xa* <<g> , axons!* xocxa ovpfitflrixog • ov 
jiijv doxa ngqfiX^fiottq bIpcu, 8* «E* d*py> bfioiug e$h 
to fUoov si fisy-ifuiyvfia, bpwnxfio* to /<foox * «* fl' 
«$ & ^m, ifioimq 8fw oIoy, flui t/ iydXXa£ otvalo- 
yoy ; SXXo yig atuoy.iyygafificugp xal agt&jioZg* xal 
to avxc yt, g ftfr ygafipal, aXXo-y 6* fyov avtyoiv 
totavdi, to avio. OvTA>g«tat nanny. Tov-d* Spoiov 
t7xa4£Otyta ^(Kni/iaxt, xeu Ojpq/ua ajc^fiati, aXXo ally. 
'Opthnniov yog to ipoioy til tovtw ev&a fUy yag 
tatag to a¥aXoyoy fysip rag nXsugag, nal focus tigyet- 
vlag* 'i7Adixg»pcl99WtQ^afd&^airpiav4lyaL, ,rjtoi 
SXXo toiovtoy* Ta 8e.xat« -ayaXoylav to avr« xatTo 
peooi* S«t x«t« 'AvaXoylay. 9 •"£%*$ 6" oJ'tw fax to 
nagaxoiov&eiy to aVrtoy aXXyXoig, xal ov alitor, xal 
<p attwy. KctxP exaoTox (iivtoi lafifiivoyti to ov aftrioy 
fa* oCbox. X)loy, to thtagoiv Xoag tag t£a> At* ttieW, 
if tglymyoy, tj tvtgiyuyoir anaai de irtioTjg. *Oaa yag 
thtagany vg&alg Xoag tig *Sa>, xai to /ae'cro* bftoiag* 

1 0. tBOTt^i TO /MOO? Ao^Ol TOV TTOOITOV OLKQOV 6*0 7Ta- 

0atai<lfttoTi}/jat4t' ooiojtov yfyorua. Oilov, *o fwiU 
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avxji, xal vntgixw aX£ ov navtw, al£ Too*. £l &rj 
Xafloietb no&toy {tiaop, Xiyog tov yvXXoQQouv ioxiv, 
*Eotm yag wg&tow par inl &atigov piooy, on toiadl 
airavta. Elta tovtov piooy, ot* o onig Ttqypvtcu, ijf u 
alio totovtov* Tl $* iotl&vXXogfo&v ; iQnjjyyva&m 
toy to Tjjf ovyoipti tov <mdgfiatog onoy. 11. *jB»* As 
t<wi» axtiftattay &d* anootooufaTovoivriy nctgaxoXoi- 
&rjoiyrov aitiov, xalov atiioy. ^Earat to A x^ Bvnao- 



228 ARIST0TEL18 

nXaxvyvXXor • naoa Sga StfmtXoq nlaxv<pvXXoc. M- 
xtov 6i xb <pvXXo$$08h. 3. EMi (dy ir&ixsrcu oXm 
ibtu iMqimv (xb yig atttov ngoxsgor , ov aZttov) 
xal xov jito ixXdnztv ofSxtov xb 4» pttnoxtp ?n* ***«' 
xov d* to (idoy xt)y yr t p that ovx atuoy xb btXtbtur. 
tl ovv rj /Up 9mb tov aUtov &no6u$tf xov &tu xb n& 
pig dia xov alxiovxov oxr oxi-pto to uioatt old*' dwu 
9*, ov. *0t* d* ov to ixUinstr afxtov xov toudoat, al- 
ia xovxo xov txXdnuv, qxxvtoov 'to. yog x$ Xoymjxu 
xov ixltinuv tovnagx** to to fdotp * wots di)Xov, ou 
6ia tovtov l*uvoyvmgi£*tat, aX£ ov xovxo di ixsipov. 
4* "Htodix$xat 9 krog nXiita atxia then; xal yig , ti 
for* to avxb nluornv xaTtyoguodai itgtixw *on« 
xb A t$ B noiaiia vndgxov, *al x$ JT aX&a* notny, 
xal xavxa xol$ A E* Tnaglu aga xb A xolg A & at- 
xiov di t$ uto A xb B' tw di JE xb r. "Jloxe xov us* 
aixlov vndgxorxog, awayxq, xb ngayua inigzw 
xov di ngayuaxog vnagxovxog , ovx apdyxq, nap, o 
av $ aXxw frlX cffxtovuto, ov utoxotna*. 5."ir, a» 
ail xa&bXov xb ngbpkyua, taxi xal to atxtop olov ti; 
xal, ov aXxiov, xa&oXov ; olov, xo q>vXXog$ouv olta Tin 
aqwgioutotp , x$v tidy avxov f\ , xal xotods xa&oXov, 
tj (pvioig, j{ xotolods a>vxo%g. JIoxb xal xb uiaow how 
titi thai inl xovxmv, xal ov atxtov, xal avxtoxgiyut. 
Olov, tfito xlxa dtodga <pvXXog$otl; eidiidtanfjUyxov 
vygov • tttt g>vXXog$ou dtodgov, $u indg%uv 7tt)bv 
six* nvfiis vnigx** t**l ortpovv, aXXd titodgq, q>vXXog- 
Qo&v. 6- Iloxsgov d 9 tob*ix*xo:t s fit} xb avxb attiov 
then xov avxov naaw, aXX* htgov, $ ov; sj ,Hftto 
xa& avxb anotiidtixTcu, xal piixaxa avft&or, yucni 

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ANAL. POST. LIB. II. CAP. XIV. 220 

/ov(ipi(hixbe f ovx oloy ft; o yaq la yog tov 0*901/ to 
piovy fatly tldifiq ovzug , Mixstaij 1*Eoti di 
xaly ov afoiov, ncu^ 9 oxonuv xetia ovpfiipiixog • ov 
prjv doxei KQopivjpajq e7«w. 8. «B* ^i/ti^ opoiag t$tt 
to pioov (i (isV'£fuirv(U*, ofuovuftov to ^aor * ct d' 
«$ ir ptfw*, bpotog Sw oW, dux t/ iyaXXa$ ivaXo- 
yoy; alio yitq ai'uoyJvyQctfifiaJg, uat&Q&poTg* xai 
to otfTo ye, 17 fthyoafifial, akXo'y d* Jfaop avtyoiv 

TOlOntbl, TO avro. Ol>TO>$^I* TlftKMtW. 7ov«o** opoioy 

tlvai £Otyta ^(Kni/xaTi, xai qgujf/ua a%fjpdu 9 alio «Uw. 
'Optffyvfioy yao to ipotoy inl tovtwv* iwfcr /uiy /ao 
fci<»$ to foaXoyop fysip t£$ nXsuo&g, xalfoagTecgyat- 
vlag* i7iidizQ&i*a*wib*ywal6&qatvplar*haL, iJto* 
ilka ToiotJTov. T& 8e.*at« -araloyletv tot avtu xalro 
ftioov f£«t xocia aPaXoyiav. 9.*jE/w o" ovtw Am* to 
naoaxoiov&siv 10 alttoy aXXyXoig, xal ov afotov, xal 
<p afriof. Kctx? htaotov fiivTOi Xafi(livovu to ovai'ttoy 
inl xtioy. Dior, to tinaomv faag tig «£a> &t* fricoy, 
ij tolynroy, tj Tttgaywyov anaai b*i inlays* *Oaa yao 
ihxaovt* voxtaig Xoag tag t£w, xai to /usao? opoiag. 
1 0* *jBot*^8 to pksov Xoyog tov ttomtoi; axoov* &o wa- 
oou al<4morfitJiai&i iqiopov yfyovrmi. Olor, mi q>vX- 
Xo$$otU> upa ixoXov&ti TtjdfiniXcp, xchvti toilet* xa* 
avxjjj, *o£ vjwob/m* ali* ov naytmy, ,&h£ hoy, JSt flij 
Xafloig to aoarcoy fifooy, lo^o? tov q>vXXo$§ouv iartv. 
"Eatiu yao wgmtoy pbf inl &atigov fiivov, ot« TotaA* 
anuria. Ehatovrov (tiooy, on otto; Tujyrvrcu, % u 
alio toiovtov. It 9' &JT*.qpt/AZo(>£o«7y; ibntiywo&ai 
Toy A' Tp ovrwpu tov arooftaTo; bnoy* 11. 'j©i» 6« 
tcSi» oxupiuw ids •oWoWctCqTown Tqx naqaxoXov- 
&rioiyiov ahlov, xal ov atuoy. "Eota-roAry B vn&o- 



290 ARISTOTELIS 

jpor nanl* to MB feretory xS*$ A, ht\ niuo* $L *$ 
par 8y B ua&olov &v eff^ toZ* A* Tovxo yaq Uym x«£o- 
lov, opt} arrjtfToipcc. nq&iovdk ua&6Xov> t» inatnov 
ph uq arttat$4q>*i, anaptm d« anunoiipu, nal[uit\ 
naotxtthiu. 2to7? dy A afrte? to* AxoR, A&aaaxi A 
M nUo* tov B naoBmtipuv u 6i ufj, il uaHov 
tatai aXxiot tovto ixiirov ; si &tj nSmvvnaajfuvdlgE 
to .4, Soreti t* foifro; & avavxa alio xov B± Ei yao 

pq • Wtlf 60TOU U7€&P, OT*, « TO J?, TO ^ VOI»r{ * ^ ft 

to -4, o« srayri to E; Sia xl faq ovu tuna* t# apttop, 
oiow to .i* vtokojp* i*<*m *o?£ ^/ «^A' «V* *** ** £ 
tora* Ti &. 'Emaxiyao&ai d& tovto. JG»J &r« to jT. 
'Brdiz**iu dij xov aviovvlifaafrtatilvw, ail' evxok 
mvtdig *« tftfcft. Oloyt&v uaupoflta Avaixa pwvnQ*- 
noba, to fit) %x tl * XoMp* ** & 7rttfpi, to ty$m 9&*t t 
% 6Ttoov ti. Eidldsie&Topo*p*itv&vqfyzo****h *** 
atj /uoroy & to pioov, alia nitiu* ma* tw aXxiMitUim. 
12. JIoxbqop d' aVxio* xwt ptomv fo 4r0o?*«£oAov 
9ro«>Tor , tj to ngbg xa %a&i*amovxol$ Ka&e*marav; 
13- ^flAoy oq, OT4TO iyyuxuxa btamy, £ afrtop. 7ou 
yap to nQwvov vnb to xatfoiot/ vnaQzuv tovto a*- 
Ttov • oloy, t<S ^i to jTtov to J5 VJictQXfLr etfttov. T$ 
fikv ovy A xb T aXxwv xov to A, x$ 8i r to JB , tov* 
to £« at) to. 14. JQ*o* fioy ai/KO^yMo/ta^ev *a» *jro-» 
oV&a>? , tc t« ixaTtooV iaxi> Hal mfig yivetai , amv*+ 
o6*> • aaadi xai *r«o« imoTtjpqg qnobu*%t*ty; * tov - 
tov /«p ^or*. 

CAPUT XV. 
II$qI 8b xw* a^wy, «*»£ t« yironmyvtoQipoit xal 
*lg r\ yvMQiZovoa t$i$, ivtw&i* iati 8^lovnqoano^ 
«r«cr* ttowtov. 2. °Or* p*» ovp ovx eV6V^STa» intota- 



ANALYT. POST* LIB, II. CAP. XV. 231 

a&ai di anodttiswg pi) yivwgxwti tig ngwag agxig 
tag apiaovg, efyigYat 7ig6i$goy. d» Twvd* apdatav tijv 
ypmow, ual7idt9QOv y avirj iativ> fj oi% quity, dtct- 
nOQtjouBP S* w$. Kal nottgov imettjpfi kxatsgov • rj 
6v* r) toil pip intatripn* tov di tre^o? ti yivog. Kal 
Kongo* ovx frovocn, ai e&tg iyyfaovrai, £ ivovam Xs- 
l*l&aow* 4»- Et> fdv drj fyops* avtag, wronov* 2vp- 
paivn yag , ixxgifteoTsgag fyovtag ynoang anod*#twg 
Xav&avur. El di Xapftdvop&> pt) exontg ngdttgox, 
nag mv yv&gl&tptv xal pav&avoipw ixpy ngovnag,- 
%ovor}g yvwoeag ; adivatov yog, £on&g xal irti trig 
uttodti£ewg Hiyopsy* &avego? toirvr, oti ovts Ifcuv 
olor re aiV ayvoovoi xal pydepiap tjcovaiv s£iv lyyl- 
r*a&au 5**dW7*V oga *xw pip ttva dvvapw, pr) 
toiavvrp d* *%tiv, rj iintrtovtuiv uprntigaxara *xgl>- 
§uav, &absta* Si tovto vnagxor nam toig £aet£. 
"Ex& yap dvvctpw ovp<pvtop xgmxyr, fjr xalovatv 
al'a&riaiv. 'fivovaqg d' alo&rtaewg • toig pip t&p (itap 
iyyivtxai povi tov ata&ifpatog • tot? d' ovx lyylw~ 
tai. "Offotg ph ovp py tyyirttm, ij okmg, rj ntgl S 
pt) iyylvsttu, oyx &m tovtoig yvmmg S£« tov alcr&ei- 
rso&au y £p olg di wsortv alo&apopipoig §#«* & 71 
& x i tyvXV* EoMm di TOiovtMP ytfopsvwv, vjdt) dia* 
yog* ug yivtTctr ware toig piv ylvio&ai Xoyovix tv}Q 
tap toiomtov pvrjprjg* totg di pfj, *Ex pip ow «i- 
a&yoswg ylvitai pvr)p,^ t wnteg liyopw. 'E% di pvi\- 
pug nolXaxtg tov airoi yfropivrjg ipnuqla* Al ya$ 
noXXal pvqpai t£ agt&p^ ipnsigia pla iotiv • in d* 
ipnuqiag if itc nartig ttftpyaavtog tov xa&ok&v iv 
T V yvxy, tov kvog nagct ta noXXa, o av lv anaoiv tv 
ivy btuvoig to avto t tixvtjg agxii xal imorripric:* iav 



232 ARI8T. ANAL. PfcST LJB- 1L CAP. XV. 

ub n$ql ybmr, rfyr^ietw Si n$ol too*, tmorrmns- 
6. Ovit iff hvnagxovaiy aamqioubai ml TSetg, ovx 
an aXXmw Rewy ylropxa*ytn>QtpwxiQw, alX ano at- 
o&tptmg* Olpp bpqxfi, iqonrtf ytropbyg, tro$ oxay- 
TOf , rrteo? Maty , tl& htqog, IWf inlxyv &QzV y V^ 
#ey. c J5f di yvxh Wtff /t* toutvxij ovua, ota dvra- 
o&ai naoxtwiovto. 7+*Q di ilex&ij ub if foot, ov 
uacpvg 6i &*x&n> niUv tfn*9/ur. 2xarvog yao xmw 
adutyoqwf hog, noSnop ub b rg yrvfrj xa&oXov. 
Kal yaq aio&aretat ub xi Mm&ixaoxov yd* a?- 
o&qoig toy xa&oXov ioiir, olov ar&Qt*nov, al£ ov 
Kalliov av&qunoy. HaXw b tovtoig- format, Z<og 
avxa aft€QT} or]}, xal xk xa&iXov olor, JOtovdl&*>oy, 
tag. &»oy xal b tovxy woavjwg. JtfXov dy, on fju%p 
xi ngaxa inaynyjt yyuolfair ivayxato* • xal yiq xal 
t] afo&i)oiQ ovw xb xa&oXov iunoui. 8. 3 £ml Se 
x&v ntol xip didyouxp T$my, alg aXy-dtiou*** ai ub 
atl aXydtig voir* ai 6i imdixortatxo ytvdog,, olov 
doSaxal Xoyiouogt ctZq^ij d* aU& intoxrjufi Xal vovg* 
xaloitib huoxypug ixgifiioxtgor alio ybog, ij vovf 
ai d' agx*l xw anoddhtiv yrmgiuingai • inuft^u^ 
d* anaaa utti Xbyov ioxb* x&v a0/«r imotifotf) u£* 
ovx av &n* *JRntld* ov9b aXfj^ioxagop Mixttai e£- 
xai intoxyuqg, % row rovg av itij xwyiojfir 9 tx t* 
tovkhv axonovai, xal on anodtl$e*>g aqxh °** oto- 
fo&g * Sot* ovd* txtoxqpqg imoxtjpti. JS* ow pijdb 
ilXo naoa intoT^fjujv $X°P** Y**og iXri&ir, rovg Sv 
fi'ij Hiuniipug £$w. Kal jj fib aQxh *3* QQXVS &9 
av q di naoa Oftoi&g fan nobs x o anav noayu*.* 



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A^ISTOTELIS 
ETHICA NICOMACHE A. 



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ARISTOTELIS 

OPERA OMNIA. 



VOL. X. 

Insukt; ETHICA AD NICOMACHUM 



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ETHICORUM NICOMACHEORUM 

ARGUMENTUM. 



Li b. L Cap* 1-— 3. De summo bono, el de omni ra- 
tione philosophUe ethicae. 4.Debeatitudine» 5. Variae 
de eaproponunturopinionee»etdjstinctio&es* 6* Bealitu- 
dinem boo ease raidearum Uteoria positem* ntque ideam 
anmmum esse bonum, contra Platonem. 7. Definitur 
beatitudo. 8. Earn esse functionem muneris onimi, secun- 
dum virtutem* Externa bona concurrere. 9* Qua bea~ 
titudinem ratione* nanciscamur* 10. Refutatnr Solonis 
dictum , neminem ante mortem beatum tue praedican-. 
dum. 11. An amicornm aut poaterorum fortune aliquid 
ContriBuat. 12. Sitae beatitudo ex nuroero rerum lau- 
dabHiutn, an bonorabilium* 13. Devirtute* 

L i b. II. Cap.l. Virtutem consuetudine et usu acquiri. 
2—4. Earn in agendo conaistere. 5. Virtutem ease habi- 
tant, secundum eleetionem. 6. Eina habitus qualitates. 
Virtutis definitio; item ^iconyjoc, aeu medietatis. 7. Htt- 
ius fitooTtjjos ratio exempli* illustrator. 8. Quomodo ea 
auis extremis opponatnr, et extreme quomodo inter se 
pugnent. 9. Quoniani virtus medium quoddam sequatur 
inter duo extreme, ostenditur quam difficile sit, virtutem 
nancisci, et quibus rationibus ea difflcultas superetur. 

Lib. m. Gap. 1—5* Virtutem esse liberi arbitrii et 
ixoyotor, deque nooeuosto*. 6—9. De virtutibus in specie, 
etprimum de moralibus: de fortitudine. 10— 12- De 
temperantia. 

Arist. Ethic, I. 

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ix ETHIC. ARGUMENTllM. 

Lib. IV. Cap. 1. De liberalitate, einsque extremis. -2.- 
Oe nurgnificentia. 3. De magnanimiute. 4. De c*ioT*- 
p ttf. 5. De lenitate. 6. De vir tutibus, qnae in con versan- 
- do cum hominibus exerctntur. Facilitate. 7. Candore. 
8. Urhauitate. 9. Vere'eunHiam esse affectum, non virtu- 
tem vocaudain. 

L i b. V. Cap. 1. De iuititia , quae sum ma sit virtus, 
et quidem de universal!, quatenus sit in legibus observan- 
dis. 2. De iustitia particulari, seu speciefens eius, 3. De 
aequalitate et iure. 4. De iustitia correctiva. 5. De iure 
talionis. 6. De iustitia, quatenus sit habitus) item iniu- 
stitia. 7. De iure civili. 8. lustitiam liberi debere esse 
arbitrii. 9« Iniuriam nullam sponte accipi, sed inferr'u 
Porro de possessione iniusta et distributione; de difncul- 
late cognoscendi, quid sit instum. 10. De aeqnitate. 11. 
An quia in se ipsum possit ininstus esse. lltrum iniuriam 
inferre, an pati sh gravius malum* 

Lib. VL Cap. 1. Explicitis moralibus virtutibus, se- 
quuntur eae, quae ad &Hx¥ontv t inte'lligenttam, pertiuent. 
2. De animi partibus, quae ad cogitandum pertinent, qua- 
rum finis sit, ut verum mveniatur. 3. De scientia. 4. De 
arte. 5* De prudeutia. 6. Men tern (tw vovv) tue prin- 
cipium, non virtutem vocandam. 7. De sapientia. 8. De 
prudentia distinctiones. 9. Species prudentiae exponun- 
tur. De prudentia in consultando. 10. De prudentia in 
iudicando de rebus actis. 11. Utramque einsdem habi- 
tus esse. 12* De prudentia et sapientia : an utiles tint, et 
utra utri praefercnda. 13. De prudentiae ad veram vir- 
tutem relatione. 

. Lib. VII. Agitur hoc libro de iis virtntibus habiti- 
busque, quae circa vomptatem versantur. Cap. 1. De con-' 
tinentia. 2. Quomodo, qui de rebus recte existimet, pos- 
sit iitcontiriens esse. 3. Intcmperantes scientesne an in-' 
ecientes Simus ; et circa qua* nam ; et an continens idem 
sit ac patiens. 4. Porro de incontinentia. 5. De feritate. 
6. De ira. 7. De intemperantia «t temperantia, patientia 
tt mollitie, et petulaatia et libidine. 8. Peius vitiiim esse 



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ETHIC. ABGUMEftTUM. in 

T^y axokaotar, quam intemperantiam. 9. Distinguitar 
continens a pertinaci et obnrmato. 10. Aliae similes 
distinctionesdantar. 11. Be voluptate quid alii docuerint, 
qui ntfgarint earn esse bonum rocandum. 152. Aefelluntur 
eorum opinione*.- 13* Omnia o boonm esse Yolupiatein, 
et al> omnibus expeti. 14* De volnptatibus corporis. 

Lib. VIII. Hoc et sequent! Kbro agitur de amicitia. 
Cap. 1. Laos amicitia*. Variae quaestiones proponuntur. 
2. -Tria esse quae diligantur, nempe : bona, dnlcia, utilia. 
Amicitiam opoxtere esse mutuant. ' 3. De amicitia, quate- 
nuff utile spectet, ut inter senes ;, et quatenus Yoluptatem, 
uti inter iuvenes ; et quatenus bonum, quae sit perfects. 
4. De amanlium inter se amicitia. Earn veram esse, quae 
non utile spectet nee dulce. 5* Amicitiam esse babitum 
quendam, et consuetndinem. 6. Qui minus ad amicitiam ' 
sint apti., 7. De amichiis **& vntQoxtjr, b. e. inter non 
pares. 8. Amicitiam veram in eo magis tg*e> ut ameroui, 
quanrut amemur. 9. Qunm amici plerumque vocentur, 
qui eadem communione aut societate inter se vivant , ex 
harum societatum diverse nature diverse etiam oririaml- 
citia'e genera. 10. De communione politica , regno, ari- 
stocratia, ettiniocratia, quibus comparantur socieutes do- 
mesticae. 11. Quomodo comparatae sint amicitiaa iu sin- 

fnlis harum societatum. 12. De amicitia inter cognatos. 
3. De crimination ibus , quaepossint esse inter ami cos 
qui propter utile sint amici. 14. De iis, quae inter impa- 
res amicos. 

Lib. IX. Cap, 1. De yicissim praeatandis officii* in 
amicitia inter imparts. 2. De gratia referenda. 3. Quan- 
do et quomodo sit diaeohrenda .amicitia. 4. Componitur 
amor in nosmet ipsos cum amore in amicos. 5. Benevo- 
lentiam non esse amicitiam, sed amicitiae principium. 6. 
De concordia. 7. De beneficientia. 8. De sui ipsius amo- 
re. 9. An yir beatus indigeat amicis. 10. De numero ami- 
coram. 11. Utrum in prosperis magis, an in adverws re- 
bus amicis indigeamus. 12. Amicos maxime boc expe— 
tere, ut inter sese courersentur focieuteque fruantur. 



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it ETHIC. ARGUMENTUM. 

Lib. X* Deyoltiptateetbeatttudlne. Gap. 1 — X Alio— ► 
nun <le voluptate doctrinae recensentnr et confutantur. 4.' 
Volnptatcm non ease motum {ttCvtialv). Quid sit voluptas. , 
5. De "varus eras generibus. 6. Beatitudinem non in cer— 
tis titae generibus, sed in actionibus virluti cbnseutaneis | 
esse. 7. De eitts speciebus et difierentiis. Beatitudo con<<- | 
templativa. 8<- Beatitudo activa. De bonis extends* 9. \ 
Transitu* fit ab ethicis praecepti* ad politica exponenda, 
tamquam ad illorom scopum finem^ne primarium* 



> y Google 



ARISTOTELIS 
ETHICA NICOMACHEA. 



L I B E R I. 



CAPUT I. 

Uaaa rdzrq *al nana pi&odog, opoiwg di *f&Sk 
u xal npoaigeatg, aya&ov twos itpka&cn fart. Jto 
talus anstptparto taya&bv, ov nana fylmrt. % Jh*- 
<po$a di tig yaiytjai raw ttXatr. Ta fib y&Q MW 
brlqyiiair ta di naq avtag, fyya W8, *Jlr d* $$ai 
ulrj twit naqa tag nqaZttg, ir tovjoig fifltlwnifpvni 
tStv htqytmv ta tyya. 3. JIoXXwv di ngm&iwr ova&v 
xal ttxptov xal ijtiaififi&w, ftolla yivnai xal ta tdlfj. 
'TaTQMtjg fuvyaifvylua • vawnymr k g di nloiow* <n$*~ . 
trjyixtjg di vtxij' olxoyofux^g di nXovteg. 4, "Ooai d' 
tlvl taty totovr<ar inb filar twa agstr t v, xadantq 
vno tip Innwnp xaXivomnfittxii, xal oaa* aXXa* tm 
InmxSt* igyivap uaiir aity di xal naaa noltftm^ 
n$c*£ig vniktip atqatriyutvp * toy alter ditQonov al- 
lay v<p kiiqag- iv aTfaaatg di ta tint aQXiTttctoyutwr 
tiXij narwv iarly alQtttktqa tmv vat avta * ' tovttat 
ya$ xaQtv xtjtxuva duax ttai. 5. JicHpiqtt d 3 ovdbiag 
hsgytlag avtag *bat ta tilij taw nqaUm t 1} naqa 
tavtag alio tt, xa&antg ial iwUjcfaioewinioviia&r. 
Aiust. Ethic. L A 

- - Digitized by VjOOQIC 



% ARISTOTELIS BTHiC. 

CAPUT IL 

, JES dri nt&te *nl tup ngaxxup, ' o ti aixb 0otr- 
kop$&a, xaalXa to dw xovxo, xal py nana di &*- 
gop alqovfu&a (ngouoi yig m/ dg anttgop, Sgx 
tlrcux&wtalpaialav xip ogtb*)' dnlop ug xov* 
£p 4>? tjtyafrop, xal to agtoxop. 2. Ug ovp xal nghg 
top filop y ypwug vtvxov ptyalrjy £« jonyp; xalxa- 
&aw€gxo$6xa*, oxonbp fyortfg, pallov a*xvyx*po*- 
p*p tov diopxog; 3. El S* ovxv, nngaxiop xwty yt 
ntqiXafiuv aixo xlnoxi iox$, xal xlvog xtop hturtq- 
(mp % dvvajuw. 4. Jolm tap Tyg xvguaxax^g xal 
paXuna agx*X9xxopw£ig. 5. Toiavrrj *q ual y noU- 
%mjl $«&««fc 6. Tkrme yog Apau xgwp xmrimioxif- 
jtm & xalg n&m*, ualnoiag haaxovg par&ppup, xal 
p4te**tog t avtt\$idxao<su* igm/up Si xal tag impo**- 
Xpg *£>* ivvcyuaw vno xaixipovoag • olop atgat^y^ 
*%p 9 oiuo**tuxi)v> firoQixjv. 7; Xgv/tUrtjg & tavtifg 
talg lomaZg ngaxtmalg xwf iuunnfuw, I» 3i popo- 
&gxovat)g %i fc» ng&xxtur, xal xlpmp inixeo&ai, xo 
xavxtjg xiX&g n$gtixot £p xit x&p aU»v &gx* xovt £p 
ttn'xay&^mwoy aya&op. g. M yog xal xaixop 
iot$p hi xal nolu , pt%6v y* xal %*X*$oxeoop xo xiqg 
milme yabna* ual Xafielp xalau&w ayanipoppip 
%ig xal hi prf xaXUop di xal &wix*gop s&vh xal 
niXwv. 9. *H psv'oip p4&odog tovwp hpkxai, no- 
hxmn ttg ovoa. 

CAPUT III. 

jiiyotxo 3* aplaap&g t d xataxipvwox&pityyp vlrjp 
ttma^fi&d^ to yag axgtjkg ot>x opoltog 4p anaoi 

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NJCOMACH. LIB. I. CAP. I1L 3 

rot? loyotg fer*fijtijTeW, Sgrno ovft $* to*c totfuovf- 
yovp&rov?. 2. 7$ ft MfAa *ai t£ M*a$4t, m pi wy ^ 

JtoXiTUCI} 0KOff&TflM» TOOOWpr fr«* ftopOfOy Ml) irla- 

yip% w^r« ftnceiy ropypotor tfyai, qwrtftftaq. 3. TTw- 
avnjy ft-riya nlarr^y fy** *** wya&i 9 fta to *rol- 
lo*$ avpfhUretr fildflag an airwv • jjfftf yao T*y«c «na»- 
loyro fta Triovror, cTtoo* ft ft* apdohtp. 4»*^/«*if- . 
Toy ow, too* tomvtmv *oi Ik TotovrftyMyoyrafc m- 
jftriM? «al twt^» Tailzie Mthtwo&w *&l inol T«r 
«5 £ri to woiv, *ai 4> TOMwrwy Uyortag, immm 
*a) otfartcoalrfctfm. Toy avroy da Toowoy *oi £xo- 
ftys0&«» jto«»y &«OToy wy Uyopipwr mxmtovpip&¥ 
yio iatvp M Toowroy tinqt^H imbjr&p *a& ho- 
mo* yirog, 4ep oaov $ tov nodypatog yvotg imftix*~ 
%tu m n*Q*nlJ)0unr yaq tpabvuti, pa&iipemKOV xt *»• 
&etpoloyovnog cmodiz*<*&*h *** ^fjTOf utoy oftofti- 
£«? inanuv.. *>"E*a<nog ft KoJy«j*al«>ft uytpAmu, 
xal tovzwp AjrrJy «ya$og uonqg* *a%P fueunop «f « o 
ntnmdwfUpog • intX&g ft, o jmo) nay ntntudtvpirog. 
/lib ifc »oi*T«^? 4 ovjf «ow oi«tfo$ aspoarq; o Wop 
af*«jfo$ yaf wy *ara Toy /fcoy irga&tty * ol lorot ft 
l« tovtcw xa» moi tovtw. 6. *^Br» ft> to*c ni&*tw 
a*oX&v$fi*utog &p, paraiotg asovarrat nal artMptlaV 
6mot/ to t£U»$ Arriv ov ypwng, aXiet noibg* 7. /Jto- 
qprfoa £* ot&fr viog- vifp rjludup, tj to ^o? ptaoig* 
ov yoQ-Kaqa top jfooVoy ^ gUtty*?, alia fta to ftatv 
ti«£o$ f py **1 ftowuiy fjtaora. 7tifc yio Toftovrotff ayo- 
yi}TO$ ^ yr&me ylrtttu, tut&mnto rdlg aWfarAn- toTc 
ft aaraio^oy t«? oo^tic nountpivoK umlitoittovoh 
nolvm^wlk aV «fij to w^i Tovr*iy clftra*. 8. Aa2 

A2 

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4 ARISTOTBLIS ETHIC. 

, nsgl piv axg'oaxov xal nig anolkxxiop, xal %i ngaxk* 
&4pe&m, mipgoiptaa&ta xoaavxa. 

-CAPUT IV. ^ 
i Atymfity 8c avaXafioyxtg, tmtfti) naaa yvtoaig xal 
ngoaigtaig ayd&ov xivog bgiytxai, xliaxtv ovXiyopty 
%vp noXixwip iq>Uo&ai, xal xi to narz&v axgoxaxoy 
xaty ngaxx&p aya&op. 2. 'Oyopaxi (dy ow a/sdbw 
wo xiy nXtlaxuy bpoXoyuxai' xip yag tvdaifiovlay 
xal oinoXXolxal olxagkyxeg Xiyova** xb & bv £jj* 
: xal to ev ngaxxuy xavxbp VJioXctfifiavovot x<? tvdai- 
poy&y * ntgl ok ti\$ evdaipoviag, tig iaxty, afupujfiti- 
tovaixal ovx bpofag ol noXXol xdig.owpoig anoMoa- 
9w. 3. Ol pay yig, x&y iyagy&y xi 'xal yartqwy, oloy 
•jydorqr, t; nXovxay, ij xipfjy * aAAo* de aXXo * 4roJllaKtf 
fle xal 6 avTOg ixtgov * yoafiattg fiiy yag, vyhuxv • ne- 
yoptpog di, nXoixoy * avyttdotsg 6s iavxdlg ayyot-ay, 
rovg piya xt xal vitig avxovg Xiyortag &avpatovotv. , 
*JS»wh di yovxo ffgoa t« ?roiXa tovto aya&a aXXo t# 
.*«#* «VTO efoai, 3 *a* TOtgde mxow afxi&y iaxkxov 
•tlyai aya&a. 4. c .49raoaf peV ovr gerafrtr Ta$ doZag, 
paxatoxtgoy fang ioxlr ixayby 8a xag uaXurta inmo- 
Xcttovoag, ij doxovaag £/«>* twit Xoyov. 5. My Xay- 
&apha $* iifiag oudtatyiQovoiyoianbxwyagx&yXo- 
yo%j xal ol inl xag agxag * w yag xal HXaxwy tjnogtk 
xovxo xal H^xh, noxegop anb x$p agx&y ij inl xag 
mgX&9 htw h btiog • &gntg ip x$ axadlw anb xmp a&Xo- 
&$xwv inl to nigag, if apanaXtip. *Ag*tiov fib yag inb 
xtap yptogipvp. Tavxa di dixx&Q- xit fdv yag tjfup, xa 
di anXteQ* fang ovr flfupyt agxxiov anbxwtjfiiy yym- 
gipcty. 6. Jib du xo%g t&*a*y nx$ a * naX&g xby ntgl 

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NICOMACH; LIB. I. CAP. V. 5 

%ct\<av xal dtxai&p, xal oXvg t&p noUtixmp axovao- 
ntvov ixap&g. 7. *A$xh y*Q T © °*'° **i ** tovto qpW- 
FtHTo opoww^, ot^sr fff offtake* tov Mir ito 
xounrrog rj %X*h n l£fiot ap agx*S $«di»g' 9 to fi^M- 
xiqop vTiaqxu tqviwp, axovoaiw tw 'ifoiodo v, 
Olrcog ftkr TtavaqHJTdq, dq avxtig narra *oq<r»> 
0qaoadfitvoq r ru x* httna xal ig vilos yaiv'txpitrm* 
*EaS-X6g £*i»£ xuxtiros, og e$ ilxopjt nt&yrui. . 
~Og~&4 x% fti}T avxog 70/17, pwt uXkov axov&p 
*Ep &V(*(} fiaXliiTtUj od* air uxqrfiog a/ijo. 

CAPUT V. 

'HfJtuq to Uyosfisv o&tp nag^i^fiey - to yaq aya->. 

&by xal Tfiirtvdamoviar oix aXoyag iolxaoiv in tip. 

filar vnoXaufiav$tp, 2. Ot fth noXXol xal qpof tjjm»- 

ioltoi, tr\v r\dovi\v ' dibxaltby fiiop ayan&oi Toycbro- 

Xctvarvxov- (rpetg yaq uoh fialuna oingo8xomg 9 o, 

T8 rvr tlQtjfi&yog, xal TtoXmxog, y xal T^iTO? $«<»f q~ 

T*#as.) 3. Ol fih avp noXXol nantXmg ay&oaao&i- 

dug yalvovTCU, fiooxijftartoy fiiop ttqoatQOvpwoi'Tvy- 

%avov<j* to Xoyov, diet to noXXovg twv h ra7g i&ovalait 

ofiotona&slv 2aQ$apanaX($. 4. Ol to x^qlwrtg xal 

7TgaxTMolr^i7Jv rovyag noXmxov fiiov tigcowTOvzo, 

to riXog* fPaherttt, d* imnoXouoTegov ilpattoi £i?T<rv- 

fidvov • doxu yag h xdig Tipaut fiaXXov tlpat ijf iv t,£ 

Titiwpivto • Taya&bv deotxeior u xal dviayafyrtov «7- , 

vat fiavjevopida, $?Evi to iolxaonrjv tiprp duixnp^ 

ircc numvaoir lavxovg aya&ovg tlvcu. Zqrova* yovp 

itito riav <pyovlfuoy rifiaa&at, xal nag otg ytyv&axov-r 

tcti, xal tit agtrtj- dtfXof ow ox* xata ye rovrcvg % 

apery xgsiitw. 6. Tax* to xal paXXw up 1 tg tltot 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



6 ARISTOTJELIS ETHIC. 

rov noXitmov fiiov %avtrp inoXafhi. Gahmai dt 
axtltariga xalavxir doxti yaQ irdixw&aixalxa&tv-^ 
deiv exorta xtpr iqttipr, if angaxruy 8ia (ttov xal 
nabg sovtotg xaxona&up xalaxvjcuvTafuyujTa. Thv 
6e ovxy (irta ovdelg ay eidaiuovlati& , u py xHW 
dtaqivXaxxaiv. Kalnsglfiiv tovxtuv aXiq* € Ixap»g yag 
xal h tdlq iyxvxXioig Bigyxai ntgl airmv. 7» Tglxog d£ 
Sow o &$e><>t}Tixbe, imsg ov xfjv ttlaxtipiv h roeg bto- 
pivoig noiTjoofie&a. 8/0 ds x$W miQX W> pitmog rig 
ion, xal o nXovxog tiyXov on ov to irjxDVfitrov aya- 
&6v • xpfawpv yap, vtal aXXov XotQiv. Jib fiaXXov ra 
ngottgov XtydivTct, tiXtf tig $p pnoXd/Soi • 6V avxa yap 
ayanaxai. toaivrtatb^oitf ix&votr xahomoXXol Xo- 
yai ngbg avta xaxaftipXtjvxat. Tavxa f*£y ovv aqpc/adw. 
CAPUT VI. 
To H xa&oXov, jff&Tto? foag Imoxtyaa&a^xai dta- 
nogqaat nmg kiysxai, xalmg ngogipxovg %qg to^avr^ 
ytvofUrug faxiiowg, Sia to <piXovg avdgag thayay&v 
t« tidy. 4oSue $' av Vowg (teXxunr stvai, xal del? inl 
awtfigla y% %*\g aXfj&elag xal ra oixiia avatquv, aXXag 
t« xal yxXoeqcpovg ortag. j£pq>olir yag oyxow yiXoiv, 
Saior ngoti^x Tip akifttiav. 2. Oi 8i xoploams tijv 
dotav Tavtijv, ovx iyxoioUx tdiag, fy> pig to ng&tBQoy 
xal xbvcTBQOvtXsyw dwntg ovtiiwr ctgi&fi&v idiot* 
xartoxevaZov to 8* aya&bv Xiynai xal h i$ tl lort, 
xal iv tw now* , xal iv T<p itqog t** to 8i xa& owto 
xalybvolaflgoTtgov tiJ yvoei, tov ngogri. Ilagaipva- 
Siyagxovx totxt, xal ovpPepijxoxi tov ortog* Sg% ovx 
av &*i xotvti rig toil rovruy idea. 3. *Eit fa$l raya&bjr 
ioaxigXiystauy oVr*" (xjxlyagfrjtp ilXiyttai, oTov 

', , Digitized by VjOOQIC 



NICOMACH. LIB. h CAP. VI t 

o &ebg, vol o rove • nml to t$ woiy, of ifnml* not to 
t£ nooif % to pkt^wp * %td to t» jifo? T», «o jrpqoipoy * 
*«* Ir ZQ°*V* taigas , xoi Ir wry, tout*, *ai frtf« 
TOMwra •) djifay wf ow iV tfij novo* t» *a£»ol0v »ol 
fr* ov 7*0 SriUyrro tonaaaigtt&guax^ya^im^, idt 
to pup pory. 4. 'jBt* ft; iwtJ tw *ari p/or UUup pirn 
nai ijuovipa* *** *** i/m&mp unianmp ip pia ttg 6t§» 
crypt}. Nvn 6* ualnoXkal *al tSn vnb pimp ««t«2/+» 
gimp • oloy umfv, to noli??***, ftftfiqyurif • to 90*9 
ft, ioroittig * nmt tov ptro/ov, to x^t^uto, Unqm^ * 
to nwotg ft, yvpraormj.* 5. jtorotfcu* d mpwtl *o- 
rlxai fiovkwtai Xiynp avtotoaotw eftrtp & t$ *i~ 
Toar&owttp nal oWtyaiflr? dkmdi tithe kiyog totto 
o T<H/-ar^^«7iov j yio Sr&Qtpxog, ovftrftafoouw* 
*l d' ovwg, rid' ij aya&bv. 6. *JlAu pip oift t$ §&• 
oW tlr«v pilXoraya&br fat**, bTiuq p^8i X*vu6t+> 
fof to nolvxqiptop rev 6pr)(Ufv, 7. Jftdvnttffov 
d' iotoa'aup oi Hv&ayoQtu>$ Uyur nrifl avrov, I9*to~ 
%tg to Tijj tip iya&ur avmoizia to to* oh &l *td 
Smeiarnnog ina%oXw&fo**fo*& 8. UXXii, fttoi pto 
ow tritmp, aXXog tot« jto/o? • to?; ft Xtx^uaw mp- 
(fnafi-htf^als ng vnoyalpttai, fob to /uij jwoJ narrof 
&Ya&ov trig Xoyovg tioijo^at* A^tod-at ft jto^* & 
clfof t« *«#' avra dmuoptva tad uymmipwa* ta ft 
>3roMfTi»« Tovrwr */ qpvAaxTttta mi? i} tmp to aptt mp nm+ 
Xvjuci dti TcevTtt Uyeo&ainal igonor SXlop. 9. ^3- 
ioy bi/y ot* Atrial JJyoit or tiya&i • «a) t« |uiy xa^' 
ovrof, ^araoa ft M xavra * jrwc/owtif ovk <xjio «thr 
lifiti/fiMy to *«^ avra, axey^tt^v «» kiytrut nati 
plant Map. 10. jtotf' avxi ft iroSv ^«/i? ti; «V/ f 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8. ARISTOTEMS ETHIC - 

3aa xa+povovfiBrci duaxexai* o W xb (poorely, xalvpqy, 
xal *i$ovotl xtveg, xal xiual; xavxa ya$, si xal-di ajl- 
hrxt du&xopsv, J>uoug xwy xa#' avxa ayot&ttiy-d-di] ay 
W ijovd' aXXo ovdev, nXyy xyg tdiag; ugxe uaxawy 
Jbtm-TO aldog. 11. Eidixalxavxa ion xmy xa&* av- 
sb, xby xaya&ov Xoyoy iv anaavy avxotg xbv avrby 
ipqMhia&ai detjeti, xa&anso 4? /toy* xal yifipv&ly 
tby rrjg Isvxotrjtog • xtuyq di, xal qyovrjemg, xal 1J6V- 
**ig, jksqoi xal $u*<piaovxtg oi Xoyoi xavxy jj aya&a. 
Otm wcttiv aocc xb aya&by xoivor xt xaxa fUav'Mav, 
12. 'JtXXb nag dq Xiysxai; oi yaq totxt xoXg ye «bri 
tvjftg bu&yvuotg* al£ aga ytxo) a<p h&g tlvcu, n 
xybg %y anavxa avyrtXtlv, n uaXXoy xax ayaXoylay, 
&g yao bmaaxi oytig, £y yvxy vovg, xal aXXo dy h 
3lX(*. 15. *JX£ ¥owg xavxa uh aqtsxioy xb vvy #a- 
*Q*povyyao vitfy avx&y, aXXijg ay sfy <piXoadq>iag oi- 
XtvOttQO*. 'Ofioiwg dkualntqlxrig idiag. M yaq xal 
texty ey t* to xowji xaxx\yoqovatyoy aya&by, ij j£e»o*- 
©roV. xi aitb xa& avxb, dyXoy &g ovx ay tXr\ ngaxxby 
ovdi XTfixbv ay&o<6n<»* yvy tit xoiovxoy t* JijTWTa*. 
14. Tax** M xqido&tsy £y (liXxtov tivaiyvo}Qi£uv av- 
xb itoagxa xxtfxa xalvxQaxxa x&v aya&Snr dloyyaq na- 
Qaduyuaxovx' exoyxeg,.uaXXoy uaou*&a xalxaJyuy 
iya&d* xayudwp£y,4fcn8vl;6uB&aavxM. 15./Zi#a- 
yonfjta puv ovyfyu xtva b Xoyog * some & xaXg im~ 
tixyuatg dw*p&ve\y naoai yaq aya&ov xwog iytdfis- 
rat, xal to Mtig itotCrixovoat, naqaXkbtovaixiiyyv<b- 
aw aixov* xal xoiftofftmua xtiXixovxoy anartaq xovf 
xtxyivag iyyo&y, xal pti$i £m£ijxuy, ovx ivloyoy. 
i6. "Anofoy di xal %i iattXffd^atxai vq>ayxf\g ^ t«xtwv 

f Digitized by VJ0O< 



NICOMACH. LIB. h CAP. VIL 

no 06 ~up vAxov w^yijy, ddig avrb xiya&ip • jy wit. 
laxouuixiQog q axoax^ymtixtoog lata*, o xip Idiap 
aut^y xe&*apipQS$ yaimai pip yao ovdi xnpvyiuap 
ovxvg tonanondp o iaxobg 9 ill* xqv &p&fv*ov pal? 
lord' loug xifp xovdy no*? htaaxov yao Unqtvu* 
Kalmol p*v tovtw* ixl xooovxop cfyjoto. • 
CAPUT VII. 
Halt* d' ixap&Sfa>p*p faith Cqxovpipop myaJrop, 
xi nox &v sty. QcUvticu pip yao alio to aXXn noi&$$ 
nal %&X*W aHoyao to iaxotuy, nal oxoaxiiyiMfj, nal xalg 
XomaZg opoltag* Ti ovv btaort) raya&oP; rj ov/agip xi 
loma noaxxtxatf xovxo $* to iaxoutp pto vylua* to 
exoax^ymp di yiurj • to oUodoprnp di oinla * to aXXa* 
di aXXo • to anaop di nga&u <ual nooaioiou, xo tiXof * 
xoixovyao $rt*a xa komanqixxovm narreg' mgx cF 
x% x&p noanxip anapxw i&il xAog, xovx £p «Ji/ tJ 
Ttfoxtop aya&er- ti di nlUm, trnvra. 2- Mexafialpajp 
drj o Xoyog tig to crvro aqOxxaf xovxo d' or* paXXop 
b^aaaq^aah nuoaxiop. 3. 'End di nXtiu amlptxai'xi 
xiltj, xoixwp d' aioovpi&a xwa di $x*oa • oTop nXov- 
xop» avlovg, nal oXtig xa Soya** • dqXop &g ov* fan 
napxaxiXua* to a &Qmop,xiX*iopxuoalptxah* mgr* 
u pip tow zp ti pipop xiXuop, xovx Sp iltjib fqrov-* 
-p$pop • ti di nlito, to x*Xt tixaxop tovtuv. 4. TtXtii- 
x$qqp di Xiyopip to *a& avrb diamrbvrov di htoop' 
*al to pi)din<n* di alio alonbp, x&pnal xa%£ avxi 
naldtit xov& atonwp* nal anX&g dif tiletCP to *a£* 
avxb alotrop aUl, jtal pijdmore di aXXo. 5* Totovtop 
<T ^ (idaipotia pikwx tlvai dox& * xavxyp yao al~ 
QOvpe&a ahl di ai^^v, nal aidbfx* di aXXo • npq+ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



10 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC 

di *«* ^6Wijy, *at yovr, *a}.ratoai' ttfftijt; ftffovpt&o; 
fie* *pl 0* «vt« * (fiydtvog yaq inofkUporxog, IXol- 
p*&. ay baoxor cwt«*) * at* oifu&a dinml xyg evfat- 
povlctg /wowy &* TOtnwwolmf*(tivortc§nt8aifu»rn- 
aw Tip $' sidcupoyfa* oidelg algfixairovrwy zaqw, 
oil? oX»g dt Silo. 6. toalpvun to *al i* ti}« cwTao- 
xefog to avro ovpflalrew to yiQxik&Qpiya&bp, av- 
Tapce? «7*a* &>*£* to 3' avr «o*t s Uyop*p oi% *»t£/u6- 
v^> t£ J^rrt filar ^otrntfip^illa xalyoytvoh nalrbtvoig, 
*a» /vy«*K* r *ai oiU»$ to*s pttotf *«* woV**** * **«- 
O^ qpwu TroArrutiy clp&QMgog. %. Tovxwp ds Itpxxiog 
ogog ng • imx%$tworn yaq ixl xovg ywug, *aX rovg 
maoyopovg, xal xnp <pilw xovg (pilovg, $ig Snu^op 
ftoofMW. !4tt?Tovto pi* etfafch? foiowfiriioy • to fl* 
. at/tapce? T^ftpty, o popovpsrov , aiotrbr *<H*i top 
pior *al (tfi&ivbg fr&a. TotovToy 3« wjy Mmpoplap 
«ttyM0wtfya*. 8/fo*** napxw aigrtenqtip, fiijaw- 
v otoj&povfu'yqy* ovra^pd-ftovfiir^p 3i, dqlop *>g aloe- 
T«ro£«y pmt tov &a?/<nov T*y uya&i?' vrnfoxn 
fiq ayv&wt ylvtxtu to aoosTtft^tieyoy. *Ayadmr ii to 
fuXor, atorrwTcooy oW. THhop dtj t* qpa/yfra* x «i av~ 
Taoxt? qwdaupopfa, wy jrpaxr&y ovoa t&o?. 9«ki£ 
fctif Tijy p«p tidouporiap to aoiofoy Uyup , o/eoAo^ov- 
p*p&PTtq>aiptMu* no^eto* oc&wo/forcooy rl forty rr* 
Aw^T'*'* 10. ?>>£* dq yipo$x up tovto, m JUfqptfe/ifro 
If /oy tov av&Qtmov mgntq yag avlyxjj, ualayalfACt- 
tovoflp, xa» navxl xtxphtj, nal Slmg ip taxi* Sproy t* 
xaipfaSifelyTqi Hp/w ooxtf to iyadbit ilvtupal'ibsv, 
ovtm dogcuy a* ami op&pbnQ, tXnip iotlnqtyop+v- 
*ov. 11. Hottfoy ovp -Utxopog pip wA gnvtimg kx\p 

Djnitized by LjOOQlC ' 



NICOMACH. LIB. X CAP. VII. - 11 

Spy* wa xal n$a$ug- a*&p*nov diovdiv iom $ il£ 

Sayhv ititpvxBPy q xa&imo oy&alpov xulxtffbg, *«* 

nodbg $ _ xal otog ixaatov tmr uofimv, yuivtiai t* 2jp - 

f&r, otrao xal atxhpnrov naga nana taita d'iiif ttg 

av fyyov n ; il aw &rj toot if 4% troTs; 12. To uh 

7*9 tjJ* *owop bIpoi qpcuVercet *a2 to*s yvwlfi* fortf- 

tix» 3* to ?oW. 'dtpogurriaw a fa tip &f*jrttMrpxal ai- 

&lttMtlv{f»iFf**B7roiUwi de aio&rjnuti tig £p ifq* yab$- 

ta$ Si xal avTti %oivr\ xal i'mry , xttl pot 9 xal ko**2 

pww. 13. Atbitrat &f) Ttgtnmatq itgrov X6yov*zwwv 

tovtov dt, to fdy, a? &tmn&6g loytp • to 3% ig tyov 

xal foavoovfuyov. /tivt&g df **& xavnjj Uyouivrjg, 

tip xa% inqyuav &stiov *t/ofamoor yaaavry SoxC 

UytadaL 14. JBi $' low If /oy oWfwroi/, ya^C Wo- 

yua xaxa Xoyor, if pq ww Ao/ov * to ©*' avio yautr 

toyov eTra* t£ yhu tovdt, xal tov& onw&aiw 

mgmo xt&afiirtov, nal anovdaiov w&aaiawov • ual 

anXmg 8% tovx in* natron , ftQogt&Mubmg *5f *** r 

- J a orr^y vflreooifiiff ?roa5 to fyyo* * (xt&ctQunov ah yaa, 

to ju^ao/gitr* anovdalov di,%btvy d &' ovrmg, ar~ 

dymnov di tl&tuBr fyyoy £«wjv wra* %aivx? aixtvx*if 

Mf>y*tav nal nqatug una Xoyov • otovoWov o <*y- 

tybg ev tavta xal *aX»g. 15.^Ekaoroy tietvxatatip 

ohtiiav aoerjp anoTtXiitai • tl &* own*, to oWf«i3U»» 

w aya&bv yvxng ivifyua yktxai xai afttip • t* 

il nltiovg at a^exa*, x«ta Tqy ao/onjy x«* TfleiOTA- 

f^r. 16.*i?w dhh^i(a%tX$loi* ukt yao /Ui&oreao ov 

«ot««, ovde uia rfuiga' ovrm or ov^a aaxaqwv : »ai ci- 

Wu&ra ata qaiqa, ovd$ oklyog /ooko?. 17. Jlt^vyt^- 

yqiif&W ukr oiv to iyu&b* *av** ' d&yao XaagiitQ- 

' Digitized by VjOOQIC 



12 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC 

tvft&aat nq&xov, tlx? v<n*Qo* avaygaipw. Ao%iia d* 
err nctvxbg thai ngoayayHv ,*«» dtaQ&pwoou , to xa- 
X&g exovra t§ 7ieQiyQdq>y, xal o Xfivog xvtv xotovxw. 
wgstfjg, y avytqybg aya&bg $f*a* m o&iv xal xuv t«- 
fv&v ysyovctatv imdoong • norths yog, itgog&ebai xb^ 
IXX&nov. 18. M*(ivr\Q&ai di xalxiov ngouQiipspmv 

- XQV> ***! % h v axglflBiav fit) bjAolwgip anaaw in£r\xuv, 
aXX 3 h ktdaxeig Kara Tijjr vnoxtopivipr vkty • xal ini 
toaovxor, kp ooov oix&oy xp ps&ida*. 19. Malyag 
xixtatv xal yswfdtgtjg duupsgovxwg 4ni£i]Tovortyv og- 
Qj\v' b pb yap, &p* ooov z$T)otfirj ngbg xb sgyov b 
Si, xlloiw, ij noliv xi* &saxrtf yaq xaXy&ovg. Tot 
avxbp dtj tqotiov xal h xoig aXXotg Troitjxsov, onag^tf 
xa nagngya xav tgytav nieto) ylyyyrai. 20. Ovx anjxi- 
njxtov d* oi8i xrp aixiav iy anaoiv bftoiwg, aX£. ina- ' 
pbv h xush xb bxt dit%&*l vai xaX&g, ola* xal nsqi xag 
igyctg- xb &' oxt, ng&xov xal agxk 21* Tuv «$£a>? 
9i, uiuir faaymyfj &$wgovrxai* at 6i, aia&tjosr at 
H, i&iQ(t<o xw xalaXXcu ds aXX(og. 22- MsrUvaidi 
nugaxiov ixaaxag jj nsqwxao* ' xal aitovdaaxiov onmg 
• bgus&votxaX&g. 23. MsyaXyv yog fyovot Qonipngbg 
xajbroueya. Joxu vvv nX&ov tj xb ypiav xov navrog 

, thaiy afcy, xal noXXa iptyayiq yiyeo&at dt avxr}g 
wp iqxovufyw* 

CAPUT VI1L. 

^ttrtxiov dij ntgl avxrjg, ov uivow ix xov ovfmsga- 
cpaxog, xal i$ toy bXoyog, aXXct xal ix xmv Xeyopivw 
nigl avxyg. Ty iriv yag aXij&u navi a ovvydw xi 
VTtagXOvxa* xy diytvdei, xaxv diaqmvS xiXfi&ig* 
2~Ntvtpy^uydqxwaya^vxQixy>*al*wj*er» **- 



,yGooQle 



N1C0MACH. LIB. I. CAP. VIII. .13 

tig liyofitoayy, xuv 3i,mol yvxh* *«i <wSjia, f« «if* 
'ipvzipxvQtmaraXiyoptr, xalftdlwxa iya&a. Tag3i 
nqatug xal tag ivsqytlag tag yi/jp*«5 ™& Wzk**l- 
&E[tev wgrt xal&gav liyoito xata ytxavxr\v rip fa- 
ta* nalatax ovaav xal bfiokoyovpixxp vnb wxa>iXa- 
ooyovvxoty. 3. 'Oo&wg 3i xal on noa$tig twig ttyov- 
tat xal hlqytuu, to xilog. Ovxtag yaq xwx neolipvx*!* 
aya&wr ylytrai, xal ov tS>v ixtog. 4. JFwpJtt 6k tq 
loyta xal xb $v {fax xal to tv ngdxxuv toy ti3aipoxa • 
oztfbv yag 8v£ma tig tfoyxai xal svnoalla. 5- &ai- 
vnai 3i xal ra imfyTovptva ntql.t^y tvdaifioyia* 
anayta vnaqxuv t$ Itx&toxi. 6. Toig ubyafaorzij, 
xolg 3$ <pQovtiotg, allow 3i aotpla xtg tlya*dox$%* xolg 
3k xavxa, f} tovxtoy t* pt& %3ov^g f i} oix &*$v 13^0- 
vfis* hegoi 3k xal rip ixtbg evrnjo/a* ovpntfdapfim- 
rovot. 7, T6viw3e,xa ub>7tollolxalizalcUolliyov- 
cj», xa 3k oliyo* xal sy3o^oiay3gsg. Ov3nkqovg3k tov- 
xtav tvloyov 3utpaQxavHv tolgolo%g, al£ tv yi t», iy 
xa nluara xatoo&ovy, 8. Toig fdy ovy Xiyovot xi* 
Kaoay aqtrrpr ij aqtiip xiva, ovvy3og. tony i Xoyog • 
xavtijg yaq toxw i§ xax avxr\v toioysta. 9. JutqrffU 
3k Totag ov fjuxqby h xxipn tj XQV afi *© aqiatov fao- 
lappavuy xal h f&ct rj iveoytia. Tipper yaq fax to- . 
dixtrai i*ri3br aya&by ajroxeXeiv iitaoxovoav, dor xy 
xa&wdoxx* n xal alltog ntoq iStwyyxoxt * xrp 09 iviq- 
ynay oix &° v T *' ^qi$etyaq #a*ayx*,g, xaltvnea- 
In, v Jlg7V8Q3* 7 0lv(i7tia<nr ovx ov xallwxoi xa} ioyv- 
ooxaxoi axmpayovyxa^ aX£ oi aywitoutvoi * tovtrnx 
yao xixtg yacwrtv ovxca xa) tw to tw (Ua> xalmx »o- 
yadwx. ol nqaxxonw ood-mg, &tt)polo* ylftonm* 

Digitized by VjOOQ 



14 ARISTOYELIS ETHIC. 

10. m Bau 9k *** o fiiog cnjrw* *«£* txvtov jg&fe. T5o 
jri* yaq t}dta&m, rar yw/««y fciacrrw 3* Ipt*? ijM 
*?os a liytrai fptXoxowvTog • bio* itttt^ jufr t<w ^*- 
Ibmy • &iapa di, t£ <pdo&mgy • Toy crvror W tooto? " 
vol ra dfyawt) tw qpiiodutaty * *a* oAa>? t« *«t aoe- 
tij*, Tw<9>Ua0&ft). 11. Tm$ pep ovp nolXolg ta tibia 
*a£ST<n, dwt to ju^ qpw«* rotavt tlrai • TotgvftJ <piXo- 
nalmg iatlr qdia %a fpvau ydsa • Totavra di at xerr 
agerifi' *£«£«£ * «k« *«rt t^VTOtg $UjIp ydsicu, %al ua& 
avtag. 12. Ovdw o$ nqogduTcu ti}$ tjdopi>jg 6 filog 
ait&p, ignto ntotaitrov tipbf, alX %r« %yv ydopyp 
ip kavr$ • noig rotg «if qpcVoi? ycto, ovd* tatw &ya- 
&bg o py %*low tdig xalalg iroaStoup* ovw yaq dl- 
nawp ov&elg aV ci'aot, hop (itj zaloorta r$ dutawJtQa- 
yuf* ovtb Htv&iqtop, top pa\ x*fyopta rcug ilev&t- 
f/oK *ro«|«w bpofag d$ %a% Mwp allmv. 13. 25! 
d* ov%m, xa& avrag £v sltp at na% aotjqp rcoafstf 
ij&mk** alia pfjr nal iya&al ye nal nalal, nal paU- 
- ara Tovttop huunop, £tuq nal&g nolitti mql avt&p o 
vrsovdatog* ftf/rtrd* ig shtoptp. l4.*kf«rTorep<xx«} 
Sfimop fj ivdcuporlct • nal ov duogurrai Tav?a xara 
to Jqhanitp intyoapua • 

jtulltatop to ommmotwto9, A^taro* d* fytalptw 
"tfoWor J* ndfv£ t ov rig ty j, to tv/i *r. 
offoyrtt y«fl <vrc«ijr6t TavTa t«*$ a^iara^g Optqytlaig* 
%av%agdi, ypiap xvbxwwp 0tyioriiP,tlpal<pauBPTilP 
tv&aiporiar. 15. ^o/ywa* d' ofiw^jf«*T«y^xtof o/a- 
^»>r neogdtofUvrj, *a&aitBQ dnopty- advvarov yaq, 
$ ov if&top, tasnala noan**p, ixo^yiftop opta. 
Holla pb yig nqattnm uadavtfti ooyipup xaltti 



, y Google 



NICOMACH. LIB. I. CAP. IX 15 

a)ll*pxalislovtovxalnolntxiig dvpiatmg. 16.*.KrW 
hi *i)t»p9pQ* frmdbftum so pmaaosop, oler tvytrtlag, 
evrtxriag, xallovg • ov napv yao evdmpoputbg o tip 
idiav navaiaxv^ V foey**qto $ popmttig xal S t e xpog 9 
ht d* tang qTrov, ffry rtuyxaxoi nmdsg thprj q>ll6h 
ij aya&ol orng ftfrow. 17. Ka&axso ow tXnoatP, 
touts noogtuo&at xal tys toutvtijg ttniptfiag* o&tp 
tig ravrb jartovoup Star* tip tinv^ap tp cvfcipoWf * 
&mm bitty ionyp. 

CAPITIS. 

*Qd-*9 xaianoouxtUy nottfop ion fta&xjbp, i| #*■ 
OToy, ^ &UU»? aw aox^top • if ***a Tins May uotoap, 
1} *«2 3*a tojw maoaylpnau M* & akp ovp xaVallo u 
&tibviozi tayiipaap&Qmnotg, tvloyop xaltfjpiiSat^ 
fioyiay dtogdotor that, *a» pahata wr av&oomlrnr 
Son fiUxunop. 3.'Mla jovjoljUp fkmg allyg &» «fy oxi- 
y>mg oUttwTtQov maipttai hi x&p u prj &t6it9*nt6g 
iottp, ilia di fy%%ip > xalripautex t ai»$a\niyoi#na± 
oaybncu, %wp •&norArmp thai* ti yao tyg aqstrfc 
a&jLopxalxiXog, aotorop yahmtu xal &uof t* xal 
Itaxaowp. 4. ffiq d* £p xalnolvxoipop. dvparbpyaa 
tmiotai naaitolg py iHitqomuipoig itoog aottqp, &« 
tipog pa&tiotmg xa) imfieltiag. 5. El (? tori* ovm 
fiHttop ig d*a tvxn* *v8o*uopup, tvloyor *x*** ofitmxft 
tfnto fkxaxa wvoip, ig clip TtxaHuna fyw, ovn» 
neayvxtp. 6* 'Opoitag di xal xata %4xnp> *°l nana* 
miliar, xal uaUota xata rip aolorifp. To diuiytatoP 
xalxaXlmoy ttnotyai ivxy, Hap nltipptlig ap sfy. 
7. Svuyapig d 7 iatl xal be rov Xoyovtb (^tovuBpop: 
Etfipai yaq yvx%g irtyyta %a% *Q*%n* now tpg * imp 



, y GooQle 



Id AR1ST0TELJS ETHIC. , 

91 Xom&y aya&m'i %a uey imagx*& arayxdloy, ti di 
avvegyit xal xgyoy*<* n&pvxsv ogyayixwg. S* *OfioXo- 
yovfitya Ss %av% ay eVrj xal to%g iy agxfi* To yag trjg 
noXnixijs zdXog, agurcov hi&iutv avxij da nletortjv 
Httfiiluay noiuxcu zov noiovg zwag xal aya&ovg 
tovg noXlzag 7ioit}<fai, xal ngaxtixovg %&y xal&y. 
'9. Elxojug ovy ovze fiovr, ovzt i7mov, ovzs aXXo t* 
▼wv &u(ov ovdev, svdaipoy Xiyouty ov5b> yag avtmy 
cloy t« nowmvfjoou xoiavxng ivegytiag. 10. dtit rav- 
rqy d& zyy alzlay, oidi n.aig Ivdalfiow iazly • ovnv 
yag ngaxztxog tuv xowvzwr diet tyy rjlmlay pi 8i 
Jnyofwyo* d& zyv iXnifa paxagKovtai. JiiyitQ, tagntg 
9*nou$y,xal agszqg zeltiag, %al(ttovitX*lov. 1 1 . TLoX- 
Xal yag fiEjafioXal ylyoxzat xal naxtoiai zixat xata. 
thy ploy * xal &&£sto» to* aaXwza ev&fjvovyra pi- 
t yaXeug avfupogaig negutta&y inl frfgwg, xa&ansg (y 
, rdig ygfinxolg ntgl Hgnxfiov pv&tvsra$. lipr 6k zoiav- 
***? XQW*P*v°* vvzoug xal z$Uvttjaayz# ct&Xtug 
. ovdtlg siSaqioyiou. • ■ / 

% CAPUTX. ■ " # 

IIoTtQoy ovy old 1 alloy ovdiva av$gitiTimtidiu- : 
povioriov, sag ay £j} ' xata JSoXwva Se £?*w riXog .." 
OQ<*y; 2* JEidi &i\ xal &szioy ovzmg, aga ye xal&mr l 
Bvdalfiay zoxs, $n$i#ay isod-ayy, jj toyto y* nam- Z 
X&g azonoy iXXtag w xal zdig Xiyovaw fjfth ivigyzwv ;' 
%wa xrp evdaifipviav; 3. El di prj Xiyojisy toy t e- 
&ymza tv&aiuoya, fif)de 2oX&y rovro (tovXtrai, aXt 
pu zyyutavja ay tk awpaXag paxagtawy Sy&gwtoy, 
Ag ixtbg ydtj xw xaxatv oyza xal dvgTvx^parwy, %xn 
, p*y xal tovto *fiq>ujpqxti<jiy riya- doxu yog thai n 



, y GooQle 



N1C0MACH. LIB. L CAP. X 17 

T<» xt&vmx* xal xaxby xalaya&by, tftnyxaiTfjoV- 
tb, fin cuG&avoiUvy^k, olov xipal xal orufUai, xal 
xixv&y- xal A)l&>g anoyoyaty ivitoatlai x% xal dvgxv- 
Zicu. 4. ^AnoQtav de xal xavxa naoixu* t$ 7"Q t* a ~ 
xagitag fiefiuaxoxi p&XQk yhQ&S* *«i xtXtvxyoavxi xm- 
xa Xo/oy, ivdsxejai noXXag (itTafioXagovppaiyttym- 
ol tows dtyoyovs • xai tov? per avrox aya^oi^ drat, 
x<x* xvxuv (ttov xov xot o|/ay * tov$ 6" & frayrfaf. 
A~i\\oy d 3 on xai to*s unoax^ftaat, nqbg xovq yov&$ 
notyrodaiuog fysiv avxovg &&£rnxt. "Axonov dtj yiyori 
ay, u avftfinapaXoi xal b T«dv«t»?» xal /bono, ixi 
ph tvdaifitov, ndliv de a&Xwg.* 5. "Atonor di xal to 
/fij&v aijfl' .M wa xqwov avyixytio&ai xa x&y fo- 
ybvwr xoig yovtvow. 6. !4JU' foapttfoi' M to nobxt- 
goy <xnoQ7}&iv rax* Y*Q ** &**Qil&*lil **• to ?w 
imgytovpwov Qixdvov. 7. JS* 6*i}t£Io$ oo^ey de*, xai 
Tore paxaql£nv txaaiov r o&x *$ orta uaxaoioy, il£ 
,, ot# nqbxiooy ijp> **«$ owe axonoy, d ot* larri* nrdai- 
yiwv, (ty aXrj&Bvvttcu xax aixov to vnaqxoy, &ta to 
fjijf Povfao&cutolg Qaxtag tvdatpoyi&w, dVa tag pe- 
^a^oXag, xai oVa to fioviftov t* tijx tvdaiftoyiay vttm- 
'jh*iq>b>ai, xai pi?Oa/t£g tvptxipoXoy * Tap fla Ti//a<? JroX- 
.' ' A«xi£ ayctxvxXtld^a* Tre^i tov$ avTov^/ 8. JqAo? yap 
- u£ « ovyaxplov&oiritisy xaig xvxai% 9 toy ctvrby tv- 
tiaipova xal nkXiv o&Xiov igovpty noXXaxig, /apa<- 
Xiovxa xwa"xbv tvtiaifiova anoyaiyovrtg, xalaa&gmi 
IdgvfUyoy. 9. *!fcr to /*i* Ta*$ rvxcug btaxolov&nv 
ov8a/t&? oq$6v; ov yaq iy xavxatg to «v i} xaxwfr 
aXXa Kf og&frai xovtmy o uy&omiwog (ttog, xa&aittq 
tl'Ttoptv xvoicu i* ttaly ai xax agii^y iyfyytta* xr\g 
Ajust. Ethic, i.- B 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC. 



18 ' ARISTOTRLIvS ETHIC. 

$ida$fiopiag • «f d* Jpavtlai, rov (vartlov. 10. Maa- 
tvquo* tw io/w no* to rfo 9tanogri'd'4p* ntol oidsv 
yh$ ovtwg maq xtk wr ap&gwtlpap (hfiaiotijg, tag 
n*ol tig ipebyeiag rag xax aonrjv* MoytfidttoatyaQ 
nal tip hturrtjiMMf ft v tot doxovoip ttpcu* tovtav d\ 
avxmr, at tt/umxatai nal ftoyipcoeaxm, dia xb palt- 
er*. xa+ awtxievara xaxctSyp ir avtaig xovg ftaxa- 
f/oir?. Tovto y*f toixty ahlti xov fiTjylyveo&aine^l 
avsklii&fjv. 11. 'Trtaofa Srj xb tyrovpeyov t5 rv- ' 
baipoyy,xal fata* diet ftiov totovxog - ail yao t/ pa- 
Xusxa nayxwnf}atu*ai<&-mofouTa xax aQsryv, xal 
tig tvxag *%rn xaXXtot* nal itapxrj nanmg fyfisXwg 
o y, ig aya&bg aXf}&&$ xal xvvgayotpog Svtv xpoyov* 
ta. KoXl&p ds ytvop&y<ay xaxit tvxWt xal duxtySQov- 
wp (ityi&u net* ffiffoorijTt, ra pb (lutoa t&x Bvtvxrf 
pdxoap, hfioltag Si xal xw imxeifiivcov, drjXop ug ov 
noui Qonipf xmg tw^g • xi 6i (ityaXa xal itoXXa, yy- 
yyofuva pkv *v, udxaguixtgop toy (How noirjw xal 
yao aina ovptmxoouup 7ii<pvxB, xal r\ ZQV<t*9 avxwp 
nal^xal onovdala ylyyttai* avanaXw di avppaipop- 
to &lifa xal Xv/iatycxai to (laxagtop * Xvnag ts yao 
iiuy&gnxal iftnodi&t, noXXaig btQytiaig m Sfuag di 
nal. iy xovxoig SiaXaunn to xaXbv, hrutiav (pdgrj tig 
wxotog noXXag xal (isyaXag arvjlag, py di apaXym- 
olap, aXla- ytppadag wV xal (isyaXoipvxo^ 13- Ei $ 
uolv ai Moyua* xvgidt rt}g faijg, xa&aneg sVnopep, 
oidtlg ay y&poixo xv>v fiaxaolw a&Xiog' oidinox* 
yao noa^Hta ptotjrv xal <pavXa* toy yao ipg «Xij- 
$i*g aya&ev xal spygopa naoag ol6(AS&a tag xvxag 
tvoxtipipwg yiotty, xal & t&y inaqxoptmp aUl ta 



MCOMACH. LIB. L CAP. XL 19 

ualiurta nq&vtii** xa&vtntQ xal axgarf)yby aya&by^ 
*$ naqovxt oxgaxanidoa xfiiafrm noUftutuxata • xal 
axvTOTopov in xaty do&iyr&y axvtmp xaiJUoToy vm- 
dijpcc nouty • tot avrov hi if&xoy xal tov$ «JULow 
x$Xrhag aitavrag. 14. ,E$ o° ovttag, a&XngfUyovdi- 
jrojt y&ori ay b eidafpw oi pipr paxifwg yt, ay 
MZjpanmak Tt#«t? ntQm&ji* OvSi dij nomtkog yt xal 
tvprnitpoXos* ovt« yog ix xfo tifatporhtc JMnjtfijot- 
t«* Qadfag, ov& vnb tw Tvggpy rai y envxyptmovy al£ 
\ma ptyak&y xal noXXwy • it ib ray TOiothrur ov# av 
y&yotxoTtaXty evdatytmy ir oXly<pXQ°*V <&% tfit*f>, iv 
ttojUw Tim xaiTCJU/tt, fisyalmv xal xaX&y iy airy y$- 
ripsyog inri/ioXog. 15. 2Y ovyxtnXvtiXiytiy tvdaiftom 
toy xar ctgttTjv xtXtlayJytQyovrxa , xal ro7g ixxbg 
a/a&olg ixaviog xixogifyyiphor, pq tbvtvxovxaxgo- 
voy, aXXa xiXuoy ploy} ij rtQog&rtioy, xalfimaoptvoy 
ovrw, x«J TfAevtijaorTa xcrra loyoyj irtudii to ju£1- 
Zw agparee ^tux • Tqy tvdaipoylay di riXog xal xiXuov 
vl&spty nctvTri navxmg. 16, -E* fr* ovtw, paxaqloVg 
pb igovpty twx twrrwx oi? vn£gX*> xal vnaglu xa 
l*X$ivm • paxaglovg di, ig av&Qwtovg • xrti n$gl fiiy 
Tovray M Toaovroy duagio&to. 

CAPUT XI. 
Tug di rSy anoyoyanr Tv%ag xal my (plXxoy anav- 
xny, to piy pydoriovy ovppaXXsa&a* , Xiav Sydov 
yalrtrcu, xal xaig do*aig ivayxioy. 2. floXXuv di xal 
itartolag Ix&vtm dia<pogag t<ay avpffmvoyxioy, xal xwy 
pb paXXoy ovvixrovuivcov, xay d* tjxxoy, xa& fxa- 
oioy pb dwig&y, paxgby xal aniqa'vxoy yaiysxai' 
%a& ZXov di Xzx^lv xal tiixto, tax «* Ixavmg fyot. 

B2 

Digitized by -VjOOQlC 



20 AIUSTOTELIS ETHIC 

3. Ei di} xa&antg xal t&p negl aircor drvxypattor, 
%k fUr ixu t* figi&og'xal fon^r nobg tor (Nor, ta d' 
4la<pootfyo*g %oi**p ' ovxta xal tm ntql tovg <pilovg 
ofiolwg anaptag. 4* dwupiou di tup na#&p Sxaator 
nsgl jjirtag ij teXivx^oaptag av(iftaipeipnolv}uzllop, 
tj ta nagapofia xal dura ngovndgxw teug tgaytf- 
diatg n ngdttev&at* 5. JSvlloyunior dy xal tavrp 
xr\v duupooap* fiallov 8* fatag to dutnoouo&a* nsgl 
tovg xsxfiijxoxas, titipog aya&ov xovrwpovotr, ijtwy 
ivttKBqiirtar • totxt yog ix toitmp u xal duxvutai 
nobg avrovg hxnvr , &t* aya&bp, tXtt tovrartlor, 
iupavgopxi xal fiixgbr, ij anlatg, f) txdrotg elvow el 
di fiti, tooovtor ys xal toiovtor, ogre f*7} noi&r ev- 
daifiorag tovg fit} ortag* pi}di vovg Snag fiaxaglovg 
aq>aiguo&ai to paxagior. 6* 2vpPdllto&ai (ier ov» 
u cpalvonai tolg xsxpqxoow al BvngaSlaix&r a>llm* 
bfAoktg di xal al dvgngatlai' totavta di xal ttjlixav- 
ta, tosrtjirjtt tovg ivdaiporag pr> sidalpopag noo- 
uv, ju^t alio xtar toiovtmr (iqQir. 
CAPUT XIL 
Juagioujpiap tis tovtvtp, -intoxtfmfu&d ntgl Tt)S 
tidaiuopiag, nottga tup inaipst&p low , i} pallor 
tuv tiulm* dqlor yog oxi tur yedvra/iBwr ovx &m. 
2- 0airtuu <Wj nap to inairnbr tip noior n shah 
xal ngog tl nug few, inawuo&ai. Tor yao dixaunr 
xal tor artig&or xal olug top aya&br xa* typ ape- 

. typ toaipovptp dut Ta loya.xal tag nodi tig- xal tor 
hsXVQOP xal tor dgoptxbr xal tur allwr htaator, 
Ti» noior twa nsyvxtrcu, xal *x uv **»$ ngbg aya&or 

' %k xal anovdouop. 3. Jylor $i tovto xal ix wr iuqi 

t 

- 



NICOMACH, LIB. I. CAP. XHL 2J 

tovg &eovg toairttv. TtiLoto* yaq (palrovrat nqbf 
quag aratptqipsvof tovxo di ovuftabtt dta xb y*. 
rio&ai xovg totabavg di araipoqag, tigmq tXjtou*** 
4. E& d* mrttr o frrawog xmv toiovtw, dqlov or* to* 
aqfoxw ovx taxi* mawog* ' alXa uu£ov xt xal flil- 
xt&v, xa&cmsq xal a>ai**taf xovg xs yaq &tovg pa- 
aaqKopt* xal tidatpovltioptv xal'tihr avdq£>v xgvt 
&uoxa%ovg paxaqiZopxvi bpoimg di~ xal x&r ay a&ihf' 
ovdtlg yaq xip evdatpoviaw inatvu, xa&aneq xb dU 
nounr, «M* mg detoreooV xt *al (KXxtov paxaql&t* 

~6* /Jox& di xal Evdotog xaX&g <nwqyoqyaatntqlxia» 
Aqsoxtkor xjjj qooyji • to yaq pfj iitaw&o&atxmpaya- 
&&r ova ay y yqrittv *f«ro oxt xquxrov iaxt xiv inat- 
rsxmp' xoiovxor di that xbv&tbr xalxaya&iv nqbg 
ravxa yaq xal xaHa avaa>tqsa&at. 6. c O pit yaq 
vnatrog, ti\g aqnyg' nqaxxtxol yaq xiv xalm ana 
ravtfjg • xa di iyxmtua, wy wqymv * hpoiwg xal xSn 
amuatuuop xal xw yrvxtx***. 7. 'Mia xavxa phtatag 
oixuoxsqw GaxQtflovr xotg ntql xa iyxvfitanmovn- 
fuvotg, ■ *Hp%v- di dqlor ix xwr eiqiipiv&y, on ioxlv i} 
tvdatporla xmv Ttpl&rxctl «AetW. 8.^0*** 6' ovxttg 
*X U *> *<** $** *i *&«* VQXW* xavxyg yaq /aflo'Ta 
Xdina navxtg nana nqaxxopep • xip aqzw di xal to 
afxtor. xiar aya&wr, xiputv xt xal &tioy xl&tptr. 
.CAPUT XII I.. 
y Emld* ioxhf if tvdatpovla yvzyg biqyua xig xax 

^aqsxfir xtltiar, iitql aqexyg imoxmxiov • xa/a yaq 
ovxt»g £p' pilxtov xal n$ql x^g svdatpoviag #«»pij- 

-yatper. 2. Joxtl di xal o xax aXy&uar noUxixbg 
ntqlxavxrjy aaUax*7tmevr\Q&af fiovltxat yaqioif 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



22 AR18T0TELIS ETHIC. 

noXlxag aya&oig no%Or nal x&p popup imjtoovg. 
3. JlagAStiypa Sixovxuv fydpep xovg Kdiituv teal 
jiaxtdaqioyiw popo&hag, %al tf xtp$g Ixepot xo$ov- 
rpt ftyerrjvTcn. 4. £* Si ife noh>xmi\g faxw\ tj axhpig 
ctvrrjy Sqloriht yivoix a* r\ (ffitimg naxa zip & «£- 
/ij9 ngoalotow* 5. Hty* of ctj}$ 6c inmtitxior. ay- 
&Q<onlvri$ dtiloriw xa\ yap xb iya&bp op&qwzipop 
ifyxovpir, nal.tijy wSatuorlap av&gomU'rjv. 6. Uf«- 
Tif* diXiyoptP ap&gmmbifp, ov xi\p xov ampaxog, aX- 
Xix tip x%g ywZVS * **l *i* svSatpoplap Si VGtfWC 
trigytutr Xiyoptp. 7. JSi Si xavS? oiixmg ifr«, Srjkop 
on du xbp nvXtxatby bUMpoi nmg xb) ntoi yvxyv- 
wmtQ nal tap 6<p&alfiovg &*gantivopxa f xcu nay 
a&fta' *al pallor ooq* xifumxiga *al fislxfap t) no- 
Inucrj xi\g iaxoutfig' *al xmv taxg&pS\ oi zaoUmg 
noXXa iiQaypaxevwxm mgl xijp xov aipaxog yvmaip. 
8. Os<agijxiop Sri not xy noXmxtp kbqI yrvztjg* "£•*- 
Qijtior Si xovxw x*Q*** **i fy' ooovlnamg ffcatipos 
xa £t}TOvpsv(X' xb yog inl nXtiov t$axQi§ovv tyymSi- 
extgop Vaetg iaxl %mv nooxeyibf&v. Q.Aiytxai Si mql 
avtr}g %a\ 4r xoig GmxegtxoZg Xoyoig ioxovpxmg *»«• 
xtal ZQyoxfor aixotg • otor xb per aXoyor avrrjg tlvai> 
xb Si Xoyor froy. 10. Tavxa Si noteoop Stmowxat, 
xa&amq xa xov atipaxog fioqia, xal nap xb ptounhv, 
1} xm Xoyn bvo ioxlp i/figuna n&pvxoxa, xa&anegir 
xt} wsgta^gtta xb nvgxby nal xb notXop, ovSip Statpi- 
f** nob* xb nagor. 11. Tov aXoyov Si xb flip tout* 
xoirn nal <pvxiM$ * Xtym Si xb afxtor xov XQ&peo&ai 
«al xov av$*o&ai. typ xoiavrt}v yao dvrafur xyg yv- 
*fc iv anw wfe xg&f>0(drQv; {hiy xtgar, xa* hxolg 

" Digitized by VjOOQIC 



NICOMACH. LIB. L CAP. XIII. 23 

# 

ip/fyvoig* xyv avttiv di xavxipr uai 4» z&s xiXu'oig • 
tvXoftotegov yag % aXX^v xwa. 12. Uvrqf pw ow 
xoiyi'ljug agexi}, %a\ ovx vv&ganutri, yaivvtw doxu 
yitg ir- xolg vjivoig Ivtqyuv ptaZtota xb ftbfiop xovxo 
zaiy dvyctftig ctvri)' b d' aya&bg util xaxbg jtmmu 
Slid fjloi xtt\? vtivov o&ip ymob ovdlv dtaqmguv xb 
iyuovrov (ttovxovg evdaJpoiws xwi&Mw. li-JVp- 
fiairu di xovx uxoxtag* agyla yag 4ox*v b xmvog xifi 
VttW > V Xiytxat oixoudaia nai qmvln * ntqv «f wij 
xvxa pucgbv duxvovrtai xivtg wJr xm^o§wf, xe£*w» 
%jH fieXxim ylrsxai xit gwrvafffurra x&> instixror 1} iwr 
vcurortrw. 14. !<U.Aa »ep* f**r toww aUg • *ai rf 
&gtrrxutbv ovp iaxsov, inu&% %ng uv$g»mxrig aiptjjj? 
Spotgo* nitpvnef. 15. ^tut* 4j? *a* «£U*j tk qpw*$ 
riqg yvxys aXoyog ilrcu, pnixovoa pdrxotnt} Xoyov r 
%ov yog iyxgaxovg xcu axg&xovg xip Xoyov, «a* vtjg 
yvxfe *© lo^or fro* famvovfw bg&wg ya$ »al M 
%it (ItXxtcxa irygaxaXeZ. &etivssai di kv avxotg %a*£X- 
Xo rt naga xiv Xoyov nupvxbg, o fia/tral xb xal ar- 
xixslvu ty Xiyy • axtxv&g yag xa&amg lit nagaXe- 
Xvfjtiva %ov ovpaxog pogia tig rot folta 7tgoatgovfU~ ' 
v<avitivrioa$, xovvavxiov ttgxirigurxtga 7t*ga<pigtxw 
%al inl xij$ ywxyg ovxwg • inl xa ivavxla yag ai bo- 
pal xotv axgaxmv. i 6. *AX$ h xdtg owpaoi p&y bo&- 
§U¥ xb n<tQV($iQbptPoy t inl£i xxig yvzw oix»Q»[tw. 
"lot»g di ovf e? ipxov *al . h xy. tpvxy ropurxiov ehrni 
n naqa xbp Xoyov, ivavttovpsvov'Tovxin xal avxifhti- 
vov. 17. Hig di txbqpv, oidkv dutipigu. Abyov dk 
xml xovxo qpacrrrat pttixuv, mgjx*o tfnopur * ii»i&*q- 
X& yovv Vf Xbyy xb xov iyxgatovg • fr* M ftwff «v^* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC s 



24 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC, 

wa&xtQW Arw to tov aa>9>0opo? xa* avdodov itarra 
yao bpo<poivu tw Jto/6). 18. G>aivtTai drj nal zo^aXo- 
yov ditto*. To uiv yao tpvjucbv ovSapStg xowwvtl 
Xiyov • to Si im&vprjTixbv nal oXwg ooixrvxbv pxti~ 
%l% nag, jj xangxoo? «rrw avrov xal iru&aqxtxov. 
Ovtw Sij nal tov natqog xal Taw atfXav quips* *X*** 
Xiyov, nal ovx agnso rav pa&qpaximtv. "Ott Si ««/- 
&ixal nag vnb Xiyov to JaXoyov, pnpvu xaky vov- 
dityaig nal naoa intilp^oig ti xal naoaxXr}<ng. 1 9 . JS» 
&* Jlffi xa * tovto 9>aWt Xiyov %x*&, Strtbv t/sxai nal . 
%h Xoyov h&ov to friv nvqiafnal iv kavx<a f to #iftfc~ 
9*o tov wxtoo? axot/ortxoV t*. 20. \^*Of i&Tat & x«i 
ij <x0£?j? x«ra T^y Sutq>ooav tavxrp * Xiyopsv yao «V- 
T<3y t«s pi* ^wxyoijTixaf , to? ££ rj&ixag * ooadav pb 
9*1 ovvsoiv nal yoovyatv, StavoijTatag' iX$v&ioti*iiva 
Si nal o<aq>Qoavyr\Y, fj&txag* Aiyovxtg yao ntql tov 
y&ovg ov Xiyqptv, oxtaocpbg tjovvsxbg, aJU' ojmqaog 
fj owpQtav. *£nawovpt,v di xal tov aoybv nata tip 
f£*y • twv ejewy Si rag biahmag, iqttag Xiyoptv.. 



L I B E I II 

CAPUT I. 

Ami\g Si tjJ$ aomj? ova^g, ^%q pb StavoffTtnyg, 
%qg Sifi&utrig, if piv Sutvoqtuni xbnXtunov inStSa* 
axqkiag %&* %al tfjv y&vtov xal rip a^rjtnv* Stonto 
ipmtoiag Sfaai xal zqovov • %$' v&ixii it Z&ovgm~ 
qtybnar o£ev nal tpvvopa %oxn** ptnqbv naoty- 
uXirov ana *ov*&ovg. 2./jS^ov xal dtjjloy on oiSi 



, y Google 



NICOMACa LIH. II. CAP. I. 25 

pla t&r i&m&r afititr qpwei ^fip iyytrrtat* ovdh 
yao wv <pv<m ortur aXXmg 4£/(jt«*» Olor © U&og 
qyvGH nam yeoopflyo? ov* ayi&to&tbiSrmKpiQtoda*, 
ovd\ «V uvqwntg avrbv 4W£ji tif, am Qbnmv • ovW 
to nvQ xam * oid* alio ovdfr i&r SXXwg myvuoxtov 
aXXmg ar AtarfW*. 3. Ovf aoa tyv<mDVT8naqa<pv- 
cw iyybvrtai at aq*tct\ aXXa nqpvxow uir tjfuv di~ 
&*a#«* mvxag, ttXaovfUrotg di d*a tov l&ovg. 4."En, 
ojr« ph q>von iyu* naqaylrtta* , rag dvraptig rat 
vevtw* nQOT9QOp.MOfut6j*i'd-a m wniQor M tag t*90~ 
ytiag Jmodidopw. "Onto inl ?»r aio&Jjototv dr\Xop* 
cv y*o ixtov nvXXatigXd&v fj noXXaxig axovaana* 
aiofrfow iXafioptv, aX£ ayfaaXiv, fywt$g iy^fjaa* 
p*&a, ov ZW*P**o* thzop*** t£$ d'- afttag Xapr 
fiayoftt* itHoyJjoamg nqiitoop, igiftQ **l inl wt 
aXXmr if^iw/k ym% du iAa&ovTagiioiuv,TavT(tnoi~ 
vvrrtg pay&dvofttv olor oixodouovvtig ohtodoptoyl- 
ronan' xal xt&aqiZoyrtg uUtaotcrai' ovra di xal xa 
pi* dexaut ngattcrt$g f dixaioi ywofH&a • ta di aw- 
tpqova, owpqweg * to d* avdy&a, avdquoi. 5* M«q~ 
tvqu di xal to yuro/uvor iv raig noXtaw* oiyaqvo^ 
po&hat xovg noXhag id-ftortsg, noiovaiv aya&ovg* 
xal to pir (fovXyfia nartbg vopo&hov jovt saw* 
SffO* di fir, «v avrb aowvow, apaqtavovoi* xal dla- 
yiqu%QWU$ noXnsla noXmiag, ayad^ (paving. 6.*&*» 
i* tiv avrtrr nal dwt xwf avrav xal yivsim nava 
aqttfi xal atdviftvaf ouotmg dixaliix*V ** 7*9 
toy xi&aqltuv xal ol aya&ol xal oi xaxol ylvonat **- 
Saqunal* avaXoyo* di xal ol oixodofiat, xal^ol Xot- 
n<>ijiart$g, **£* pi* yaq jov tv outodopuv, aya&o} 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



20 ARISTOTELIS ETHTCi 

o$xod6ftoi caortai' %x di rovnatcmg, xtmol, 7.EiyaQ 
' fly ovrmg ilxtv, ovdfr av %du rev MaSorrog, otXXa 
nmvfeg ay iylvovro aya&oi tj xaxoL Ovna dq %al in* 
t&v aoenir Ifcu • noavtorttg yao tit 4» ro%g ovvaX* 
Xaypaw xoig njjibg tovg ar&owmvgy ysropt&a ol /My 
dhtawi, oi di admoi* nqaxxovxtg dixa (v xolg duvolg* 
uali&iZopevoi rj tpoftiio&m fj&affuv, oifiivav&p&~ 
at, tii di SedoL 'Opouog Hi *«* rit mql tag htUhytiotg 
fyu, ' ual ik niffi tag oqyag • oi juey yaq, vtwpoorw 
*al noijiot yivovrai* oi di, axoXaoxoi xal oqylXoi* o* 
jucy> & xov ovxwri 4v air dig avaoxfiq>io&af oi Si, 
ix xov ovj(*g m xaH M dr\ Xoyw, in xmv bpokav 4vbq~ 
ytmv €u £g«t? yivortm. 6/ Jib dn tig to*Qyd*s<xo*- 
ug iitodi&inu? xota yog rag xovxw diayoqag «*©- 
lov&ovotv ai &M** Ov pmob* ovr duxtpsott xb o$we 
*} oStmg ti&vg he rim* 4&i£w&w, aXXa ntctftisolv ' 
paXXev 3* to niv. 

t e CAPUT II. 

• 'jSmlovv $ nagovoa nqayfuntda oi &mohtg ho- 
ni iaxw,ojg7teq ai aXXm- (ov yao X* ndtapw xiioxw 
*j iosiii,0»tyn6fu&a, icXX iv aya&olyw&pt&a* htol 
ovdir or q* mpsXog aixfjg ') avayxeilor 4<m oxiwae&a* 
%» ntol jag Ttgitug, nmg nqaxxiop ayxag' uwmyao 
sieixvptctt, xal xov notag ytv4*&a$ xitg f$«s, xu&m- 
mo ttQTJxafier. 2. To fiev ovv xaxit to* oo&op Xoyow 
B0OTTeir,xoivQir,xalv7i9QX*ia&<a' Qq&fjoBtozd' wre- 
mov ntql ayxoy, xal xiJoxiv b oo&bg Xoyog, not *w? 
$XH7toog tag aXXag aoerag. S^JBhUvo ds npodwpolo- 
yqa%for, ov* nag o ittol imv noaxtw Xoyog xvntf nai 
"owe moifi&g 6q>tiXn Xdysa&ai, ngmo *al*ax *Qxig 



, y GooQle 



NICOMACttLIB.lI.CAP.fi. V 

X&tofitv, on xaia xyv vlyw ol Xoyoi anatrrftiot. Ta 
$* .iv xaig nga&w xal %(t ovpq>fyovz*, ovdir ioxyxbe 
%%**, mgnso ovdi xa vyuwa* 4. Tow&iov &' orsogioi 
xa&oXov Xoyov, ikt uaXXov o ntgl x£v xa&' htaoxa 
loyog, ovx Ifou x&xQtfidg • ovxe yap vno xipnp, oiW 
M naqayytllav ovSduiap nlnxu* dii 3' avtovg i$ ' 
xovg nqavtovxag %a nqog %i>* xaifo* cnontU^ pgntQ 
xal in* xr/g laxqw^g }%** *<** *V$ *t//fcflyij«*i}f • &.*&- 
la xcUnsQ ovxog xowviov iov naoovzog Xoyov, nu- 
gaxiov fioti&uv. 6. Hqmxov ovv xovxo fatooyziop, 
St* xa xoiavxa niqwxer vno Mtlag xal vntq($oXrig 
q&eigto&af (dn yao vneqxav ayanbv xolg <pav*ootg 
uagxvqloyg z^V a ^ at *) «fefl*p inl ryg iofiog xal xqs 
vyir&iag oq&uw ja x$ yap vnegfeXXorxa yvpvaoux, 
«o2 xa iXteinovxa, ytftlgu rip laxyv ' ouoUag di xal 
xa noxa xal xa OitianXeia xai$Xaxx& ytvop&a, ipd-ti- 
qu xrp vyiuav xa di oiuunqa xal nouii xal av£u « 
xalowfe* 7. Ovxtog ovv xal inl ouKpQOovvqg xal iv-+ 
dgelag %x*h xal xmv aXXwv uqexew. v 0, x* yog nana 
qmvyar xal yofiovusvog, xal firjSh vriouivuv, titHbg 
ylvtxar o, t« fiqdh oXtog cpo/SoVfttvog , aXXa nqbg 
nana Pctdifav, &oaovg • ouoiag di xal o ahr naaifi 
ydovyg anoXavav xal uridefiiag ansx^asrog, axoXa- 
otog* o de naoag ytvycov, ugnso oi Sygotxo*, iwai- 
d&qxog tig ' <p&sl$txat yaq y vtocppoowi} xal ij an- 
tyeia vno xi\g vnsQpoXyg xal xyg ilXslifr$<og , vno di 
trig fitaoTtjTog otofatai, 8. ldX£ oi povor al ytvioug 
xal at aiSyfreig xal aiq>&ooal ix tcuv avtwv xal vni 
xm aixwf frbovxai, alia xal al iviqyucu Irxolg ai- 
xdig saorxcct* Kal yaq inl %w aXXw x&v yay«^WT«- 

... • Digitized by GOQQle 



28 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC, 

gw ovxtog «/«• olov M Tt}g iaxvog * ybsxat ykq xal 
4x xov noXXrjv xgoyip Xapfiavuv, xal noXXovg novovs 
vncffdvsw, xa* paXioxa dvpazai xavxa noiuv 6 l<rxv~ 
gog. 9. Ovxoi d' 8/et xa* htl xmv c^eraiy - Ik re p/wp 
*oS cbr^sfrt^a*T«y ffioy&v,yw6fis&a owpgwsg * xai 
ysrofisvot, paXwxa dvvaps&a airtxw&ou aviw. 
€ *Ofioid>Q ds xal &ri t»/$ avdgstag • &h£o/ttsro* yag x«- 
*a<pgovsiv xwv (pofieQwv xal vnopivsiv avxa, yivope&a 
avdguei* xal ywopsvot, fiaXurxa dvryoope&a vnofti- 
ruv t« qpo/fcpa. 

CAPUT III. 
Stifiuov 8s dil noieia&at xav eSmv, zip imyivo- \ 
pivtiy jjdovip ij Xvtitjv rdtg sgyoig. e O (isv yag ansxo~ 
. pevoqrwv ompaxiiunv ridovav, xal avxot xovxta xalgtav, 
GfocpQMV ' o ds aX&Ofievog, axoXaaxog* nal o jlsv vitopi- 
vvtvxa duvet xalxaigw, y py Xvitovpsvog ys, avdgsiog' 
y ids Xvitovpsvog, dsdog. ttsglrfiovag yag xal Xvnag 
ioxlvf) ri&ixq ngsxri • diet psv x yagxiiv fjdorijvxacpav- 
Xa ngaxxofitv * dia bixyv Xvnr\y t rwv xaXvtv ansxop**-- 
&a. % Jib 8si rix&ai Tt&gsv&vg ix viwv, agJb UXa~ 
Twy (prjolv, Sgxs %aigsw xs xal Xvnuadai otg dsl* ij 
- yag og&ri naidsla avxtj ioxfo. 3."JExi d 7 siageraino* 
nsgl ngalsig xal itad-ij , navxl ds na&u xal niatj 
itga&i snsxai r\bovri xal Xvnrj , xctldut xovx av tfij rj 
agsxy nsgl ydovag xal Xvnag. 4* Mtjrvovai> ds xal at 
xoXaosig yivopsvai diet xovxw laxguai yag xtvig st- 
air * ai ds iaxguai dw iw havxltav nxpvxaoi. yfas- 
od-at. 5. *jE«, wg xal ngoxsgov tlnofiw, naoct yvxW 
Rtg, i(p oX<ov niawxi yhto&ai x*ty®* "«l foXxiw, 
ngbg xavxa xal nsgl xavxa xr\v yvow *£&• 9i Zfio- 



,yGooQle 



NICOMACa LIB. IL CAP. III. 29 

tag & nalXvnag (pavXat yivovxah, t$ dmttnv xavxag 
nal (pfvytiv, ij ag py Bit, tj oti oi &*> *j ig oi flat, 
q oatf/ffc-aAla? imb xov Xoyov diogi£txaixm xotavxa. 
Jto nal bgiSorrai xag agexag ana&tlagxwignalitq* 1 : 
fiidg ovx bv de, oxi imlmg Xiyovaiv, aXX* ovy »S dtl, 
nal ig ov d$l, nal ox$, nal baa aXXa ngogxi&nai. 
b'Tnonuxai aga rj aqexr) thai q xohxvtt) nsgl rjdovag 
nal Ivnag, x£>v feXxianov nganxwif ^ tie natila, xov- 
raqrtov. 7. JT&oixo If av %pw nal in xovxw cpavt-^ 
gov rri mgl xStv aix&v * xgmv yog oViair x&p tig rag 
algioug, nal xgt»y ovxwv xav tig rag ipvyag, naXov, 
ovptpigovxog, i}d£og' nalxgt&vxwv bairtlwv, alozqov, 
aavpfogov, Xvnygov * negl nana pb xavxa e aya— 
. &bg naxbg&iaxinog-iaxw, bBinanbgapagx^xmog % pa- 
Xtoxa dsmgl xrjy yfiovip* nowq t« yog avxy xolg tm- 
oig, nal naaixoig vnbxip aigtotv itaganolov&u' na\ 
yog xb xaXbv nal avpxpigov tjdv ycUvsxai. 8* "it* &* 
in vffilov naaiv ifpiv ovrti&ganxai- dtb nal Zf*Xi~ 
nbv aitoxghpaa&af xovxo xb na&og, iynezgwopfoon 
tu (Uy. Kavovitoptv di nal xag nga&ug, ol piv paX- 
Xo* t oi di rittov, rfiovji * a * Xvny* 9. d*a xovx ov* 
avaynator, slvai ntgl tavxa xip naaav ngaypaxsiay * 
oi yagpmgbv ug xag nga^ug, ev i} nanwg zalQBto r\ 
Xvnuo&ai. lO.^n di zalenwxtgoy, xfiovy pizw&at, 
y&vpoi, na&amo q>fiolv c IIganXMxog' nsgldixbzaXt- 
nixtgov ahl xal xdxvi) yfotxat nal agriy. Kal yog 
xb tv, (HXxwv & xovttg* Sgtt nal dta xovxo ittgl ydo- 
*ag nal Xvnag naaa rj ngaypaxda, nal xjj agttjj nal 
tj} noXixutji • o pfr yog ev xovxoig qgwpivog, aya&b$ 
ferret* o di nanig, naxog. 11. "(Hi p& ov? iaw*} 

. ^ m Digitized by GoOgle. 



30 AJUSTOTELlSETHIC. 

ifttij mol ffiopwg xai linos, xai on i$ «y ybetcu> 
imo w&tm* xw <xv$«vat xai (p&siQtieH ftrj togavrwg 
fuiopbm*, **l &t & aw4yii*vo, ntol tavvaxaliyeQ- 

caput nr. w - 

!^?rof ^me $* «r *#*, to* %fyofi*y % in dtlta ph>Aji- 
xata naattoxxag dtxaJovg ylveo&ai .-," t« tfi roxp^oyoi 
CGHpQOvag. El yaq ngwtrovqt rot Mxmct xalta owpQO- 
va, ydy fial bixaioi xctlowpooytg, wgntQ, utayqafi- 
ftatuta xai povovxa, yoappanxoi xai povmxol. 2.*B 

[tcrauov vt novqam xai anb "WXy\g, xai aXXov vfrofre- 
(t&vov. Tott ow Karat yQafifjtattxbg, iky xai yqufipa- 
ttxiy n nbtrjaji , xa) yoaftuanxtog* tovto $* iatitb 
xaxa wjy fr «orw yqapuatm^y. 3 • V -Et*, apfl« oftoior 
N Amy &W rv tw tixv&y; xai t&y aqzxw • t« j«y rip 
wo Twy Ttjpwj' ytv&fttva, to ev |?6* & iotvroig 9 ag~ 
#«* ovy- vat/fa jra>$ ?/oyra ytvio&ai.* tit di xatit tag 
6o*tag ytvifiBwa," ovx iay aita img %, 4t««/a>? $ . 
owqpooVai? Trpcrrmeu, a>Ua- *a2 £&y o nqattary jr©£ 
Ifawv, TtQuttt) • nq&toyph, %ay siting* fbten , iay nqo- 
atqovfitvog, xai nqoatgovfityog dt'avtd-tbtitqltoy, 
xal day fieftatog xaiafietaxirqtmg sx<ov nqdvtji. Tav- 
%a di, itqbg per to tag aXXag ti%vag %x*w> ov avyaqt- 
&fielxat, nXify avto Toet&Vat* itqbg ds to tag agerag, 
to /k«* etdhw, [uxqov % ovdh taxvei* tit d* aXla ov 
pixoby, «H« to mxv dvvatat •" amq xai ix tov'nol- 
laxig nqatttiy tw Mxma xaitaatotygovantQiylttTai. 
4* Ta p& ovy noaypata dixma xaiowpoovaMyttm, 
Stay $ tohavtai o\a ay o dimxtog ^ owpotoy nouSm* 



NICOMACH. LIB. IL CAP. V. 3t 

8t*cuog d& not otoyowv Sarlr, oix o tovt* n^avrm^ 
aXXit *«* b ovna Ttqittuy, Ag of dinmwi **l ol om~ 
(pqoyeg itQortoveiy. 5, Ev ovy Xiyttat, on. 4* tov %i 
diuma noirtuy b Hxabo$ yivercu, *a) in voy %a <w~ 
<pgov«, b QGxpQtav • fa ds toi fty noixxtw raixa, ovr 
■del? ay o«d« [isXfofau yevfo&ct* ayv&fe* ^. !4Ai 3 ol 

TToXXti 16CVJ6C [AW OV nfOTTQVW ' M dl TO* l6f9P 

jm%wpsvyorn§, oXoyta*(piXooKHpfiy,*al ovwg eaw&a* 
anovdmoh bfiotby n tfQuyuytsg *dig*ipyo*iout, otx&y 
I&towvtwovovw p&y intpt&g, notovai d* ovSh imp' 
itQosTcmoftivefv. - "Jlgntq ovy oitf fadlpot bv $£ovm 
to a$!f*a, ovto) &tD*7tov6(A$yoi, ■•£$' ovxoy %ip yvxk*> 

CAPUT Y. 

Mrta foray Jot,-*( form 4 aq^t^t ox$nxioy. 9 £ittlovy 
tifarp ywxjj ywopeva xq2a toil, ni&ff, dvv&pug, 
&ug, tovjw it, civ tfr} ft af arif, 2. udtf/w tt, n»&ff pfa, 
iju&vfuav, boytiy, ybftoy, &oiaog, <p&6vor, X<*Q<**> 
qikUw, fuovg, no&ovy ZyXop) Ueop, blmg olg $n$tcn 
ifiovtl ij Xvmj • dvyaptig di, *a& &g net&tittMol tov- 
tw leyofu&a, olop *a& Hg dvvavol oQ/upfribvah V 
XvTtit&rjvou, if £t«f}<rat* i$«s de, *»£' a? rcooff *a tto- 
^ *jr<V**v ev if *«*£?, oloy w^o? xo QQyw&tpai , n 
(ib mpodqwg { iyufjuptefg, »«xaig tfcofi*' * si Si fdomq, 
tv< bpoiwg £4 xvlnqbg ra aXXa. $. Iftx&ty ^tiy ovr 
ov* stofry ov#' «& «£«*«*, ovV aixaulai, on oir X$>- 
yofu&axo&ct xit n&Htfi onovdc&ci, tj <pavXo*' xata 9i 
t«? a$€Tctg t\ nanlag Xsyofitd-a • *a» on *»tb fUr ti 
n&d-fi oiV inawovps&aovTeyxyipt&a. OvyctQiitm~ 
vuten b <pb(3o¥pevog, oifdi b boytiofuyog • oiM yiyo- 

^ digitized by G00Qle 



32 AR1ST0TEM* ETJ|IC. 

to* © inlmg ooyiZoutvog > * ili* 8 wj' *«ra ft tit 
motrag xal t«$ xaxlag tnawovu&a 1} yteyopt&a, 
A^Eti, 6oyti6fi9&a pk* xalyopovne&aaiiQoatQGT&g • 
«I ft ofcra* Trooouofioctf tim; , 1} oi* &Wi/ 7*000*94- 
ow? ' wois ft tovtotg, xata pky to fto£-q xtv&e&a* 
Ityopt&a * Kara ft tag aortas xal w$ xaxiag, ov **- 
vup&ah a&a foax&o&ai nag. 5. /fto tovxo ft oift 
iwauug tioiy* ovtt yao aya&o} l$you*&a, ty^wa- 
o#a* nao&w aulas* ovtt ftajcot* ow' ivouvovfU&a, 
ovtt yttyops&a. Kal txi , #woto» juw Ar/icv o^vot*, 
«/a^Q* ft ijf ko*o2 ov yuropB&a ipvou. 6. .Etftapc? ft 
root tovtov ftooTepoy* El ovv utjt* na&ri tiah al 
antral, uijtc dvvauBtg, Ubmai Qttg ainag *fr«k ~0, 
T* fiiy ©w Iflrr* t<m /«r«* */ aocTq, «Fojjt«*. 
CAPUT VL - > 
d& ft fit} payor ovtmg tlnuv , on Qtg, qUa xal 
noia tig. 2.' Potior ovv, aw naaa oftT^, ov £v jj 
«0€T9» «vi o w ev ifcoy oftoreiUi, *a* to Sp^or avrov 
tv. inodidwow ' olor, q tov ©qpduipov ooftrq «ojr Tt 
-o<f&aXuoy anovdtttov notfi, xal to toyov aitov % in 
yoQ tov oyfralitw oo£T# tv oovutv, Opoivg y tov 
Innov aqsrij Xnnov t« aftovftftoi' itotfi, xal aya&ov 
d$quih>, **1 tvtyxihr tov impart}*, xal puvatt xovg 
noltpiovg. 3. JS* ^ tovV &*♦ nartw evwg fyn, y 
tov ar&owtov aottii tty or fjfc, 09 i|$ ayu&og 4V- 
&Qomo$ yipttai, xal aylqg tv to iavrov t^yov cttto- 
AnoW /T»« ft tovt Ifrro*, jjf£i} ^iw» eto^x^cy. 4/jBt* 
^« xal wft «j?at q>avBobt, lav &moiiQt»(uv, noia itg 
4oth fi <pvo*g avTqg. *Ev nanl dq owwjpt xaidwiQ*- 
Ty uru lajluv to pev nl&ov, to d* Uartoy, .to ft* 

Digitized by GoOQk •' 



I - 
NICOMACH. MB. II. CAP. VI. 93 

tooy xal xavxa % xax mno to Bfiypa, ij Tific 

iipag. To & loov piaov t» vn^fiol^g xatiHtfymc. 
5. -if/w o^tov /tcr no&ypaxog (i9aow,zb hpv jntigfy 
a<p btdrioov j&v axomr, om$ ioxlv h xal tovto wfi- 
ot - 7ro6ff iyiag tie, o pfpe afcwafo , pyx* iXUinu. 
Tovxo d* ovx S% <wW to upiIto koeok $. 0W> «* ** 
dexct noXlu, xa dl bvo oktya, xa Q fUaa Xaflfi#vowt 
xaxa xb noaypa * towg yao vnuqixu w *«£ wwo&f- 
rm. 7. Tcn/ro ft pcao? ioxlxaxa tij* iw&iwpn*jp 
avaXoyiav • to & aroos ^pa$ oijf ovxp kqmio* • f v 
yag, il xy Szxa fipag yayur ixolv , $vp 6i bUyov, o 
aUiTttug t£ uvag nQogxjiteuv for* faq i|wf *«i 
toSto nolv i<a XrjytopitHp, q oliyo? ' MlX^h j*t* f«o 
SMyov, t$ dc aozofUvy %iv yvuyaolw noli • bpoim 
£nl dfopov xal nulitf. 8, Ovxm dy 4f£ff 4vt?r4/wt* 
%i\v vrnqfolrpi %u\ xip %\nyo» <ptvyu • to di fdfem 
f ^tw, xal xov& eitoctTat. JMfroy & oi t» vA *$&$- 
uaxog, ak\p to nobg yfiag. 9. .E* diy naqa httoxqpq 
ovtv to l^yoy hi frujtXtJ, nobg to p&w flUwvoa, 
xa* *tff xovxoayovoa xa %gytr (j&ty tlw&aop imhfytp 
roig tv bxovow soyoig, on oix ayeluv torn, evr* ftfO*- 
&uvcu, &g' xyg ph vntopoXfjg xal xryi iXXitytmg qp£e*- 
qovang to «v, f t? j ^c fUoottjxog ooaiovo^g *) c4 d' «ya- 
^•o3 xtxri*(*h vg Uyoptr, noog tovxo (tUnorxtg ioy*- 
farxeu • ^ 5« ao€T^ aaai?? T«/yij? a^^ c <^«^«M4^- 
yo»y ^or»^ Sgnsf xal q opvoig, xov pioov a* £q otoxa~ 
oxncfi. 10. My (a ds tyr yd-ixiir* ctvzt^ ya$ ion n*$* 
*&&$ xal noa$ug • fr $e xovxoig iaxlv fmtffhlh **+ 
t&uyng, xal xb pioov o\ov xal qpo^i^rat xal &a$-> 
ffioai, xal im&vfi^fa^ xai aTtooxqayipah f *ul hqyk- 
Arist. Ethic. I. C 



-34 ' r ARlSTOTELIS ETHIC. 

a&ffyai xal iXstjoai, xal oXmg fjodrjvcu xal Xv7tt\&~i- 

• pal Arc* xal jiaXXov xal tjttoy, xal apqpotfga ovx ev. 
il^Tb d' otz dtl, xal iq? olg, xal ngbg ovg, 'xal ov 
$rtxa,xalwg dii, fiiaoy t€ xal agiatoy, ontg inl ti\q 
aqtxiqg. \1. 'Ofiolag 6% xal riigl tag itgaltig iatlv 
iiregPoXtj xal tkXuxpig, xal to yiooy * ^ 8i agtrh 7tEgl 
itafhi xal itga&ug iatiy iy ol$ ^ fikv vntgfioXii auag- 
rarttat, xal rj tXXeupig ye/erai, to 9i piaoy frtaiyei- 

' Tea xal xaxog&ovtah * tavta 8* aftaxo , t^g agEttjf. 
1 3.' Mttooxng tig aga fatly tj agsttj , ato%acruxrj y* 
ovaa tov uiaov, 14. *Eth to fiiv auagtdyEiy, noX- 

* Xaz&g for* • to yap xaxbv, tov aneigov, &g of Hv&a- 
yogttot iVxa£ov to 8* aya&by, tov ne7isgaj(xivav * 
to 8ixatog&6Vt, uoyax&g " 8ib xal, to [ih, $ydt-ov • 
to fl£> /ais*6V* ;, .££oW fih, to anotvx&v tov oxo- 
novr XaXthbv 8i, to fam/fily. ' -K&* 4 &* tavt ovv, 
tqg pdy xaxiag', \ bntgpotii xa2 y UXeupig • vij$ H 
agexifg, fj fitaoftig. ' v 

3 JB<j&Xol ufo yag anX&g^naytodanZg 8$ xdxoL 
15* "Eattv aga yageri] |J^ Ttgoatgsnxrj , h \teaa- 
tffa ovaa ty ngbg fifiag , wgiafnivTj Xoy<a , xal &g av 
<pg6*iftog hghtw fjaa6xr\q 8i 8vo xaximv, rr^g psv 
xa& VTregpoXty, tyg 8i xai tXXnipiv' 16. xa* «w, tw 
tag fib ikXtinnv, tag b* vittgpaXXuy tov dioytog tv 
xt to%g na&em xttl iv taig TtgaUoi • tijy 6* agstvp to 
uiaoy xal tvglaxuy xal algtid&ai. 17. dio xata piy 
xffy ovala* xal thy Xoyoy toy ti rjv tlyai Xiyoyta, /*e- 
oott\g iatly ^ agsrrj • xata di to agtatoy xal to fv, 
akgorrjg. 18. Ov iiaaa f imdizf Tat nga&g, ov8& 
nay na&og, rip fisoivqia * ma yag tv&vg iyopa- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



NICOM AC H. LIB. II. CAP. VIL 35 

area ovretXufiuira urti Tij? (pavXoTfjtog* ©Joy istk- 
XatQ&taxict, avatoxvrtta, y&ovog ' xal 4x1 tip noa- 
. facw, fiotzda, xXony, ardooquma • nana fhm> toots 
xal to tomtvto Xiyna* tw ovt» qpowUs •!***, olf 
ov£ at imegPolal avjmv, oidi a\ lUafyit?. Qux 
wt*v ovr vitdhioTB mol ovto *oTO*#ovy," aX£ atl 
apaQiavsiv ovtf toil to cv ij ^ si nt$l to toma- 
to h t£ ijy d«J, *al ot«, *«* ws pto^tv$$v il£ axtXig 
to Trow** oiww tovtaus oaaoToV**? iojfa 19."Ojpot~ 
oir ow to aliow xai rreol to adattlr , xal dttXaiynp, 
xal ixoXaarabew thai, peooriyro, xat vmofloXip xal^ 
iXXtupw • fora* yap ovTto yi VTteo/foAi}? not HXiliptmg 
(iw6ri}f, xal vTisffloXris vmofioXii, xal tXXtuptg iXXii- 
V*»ff» 20. 'tofjreo & aajo-ooavyi^ xal irdotiag ovx 
Sow vntqpoXi] xal $XX$tyttg, dia to to pivot thai m»g 
axgov* ovtag ovdi ixtivwy pwt6ri)S, ovJfi twto/foli} 
xal UXsifyig , aX$ £*q «V rcfOTrqTa*, apaqxivttai. 
'OXug %<*$ ov& 9 vntofioXys xal &X*tyrt#$ pwixyg 
fori?, ovdi (itaojijtog vmofloXti xal tXXttfig, 
CAPUT VII. 
Ju di toSto py povov xa&oXov Xdyto&at, aXXi 
xaltoCg xa& txaaxa iawgp ottht. *£y yao to*c n*ol 
rag nga^ttg Xoyatg, oi ph xa&iXov , xwouooi uow ■ 
ol di inl pioovg, aXri&tpmttgot * n to\ yap ia xa& 
htaara at nottfyig, Jior oe inl tovtw evpywup. 
Aipniov ovp rain a 4x Tij g Staygaa^g. 2. Utol pfr 
wv yoftovg xal ^appq, av&gia ptaivfig' t«V d' vntq- 
PaXXornov, o ph t J ayo/Ma, apvpupog* (jtoXXct &' 
iaxh avdvvfi*-)o &' iv v{> &a$up Ins^aXXoir, 
fyaovg * 6 di, tq pip <po(klo&ai vntfflaXXvp , r$ 6$ 

C2 i 

" Digitized by VjOOQIC 



36 ARI8TOTKLIS ETHIC. 

#tt$f»r illtintay, ShX6$, 3. JTtpi ySovag ti nal Jtv- 
nag oi Trim?, \xtiv Si xal negl wg Xvnctg, fieaor^g ~ 
f*b* om^gomnf, vntffhlii Si/ anoXitokt. *E)l%tnfrv- 
xtg Si *bjJ W9 ^Sovifg ov waw ybortw Stomp ot&" 
qvtoi fcepmifig invxyxaotv &mwct»Si«v&ie&ijtot. 
• 4. U*p* Si Siaw Xfiffiattor «a* Xrtynr, peooTfjg pb 
&*v&egwji)g* imegfioXij Si %*l tkXtnpig, &o«ttta xal 
tfytta/dvpttt, 9 £$mnlmg Si avrag wtp/ftiUoiwf seal 
&k*bwQW o p& fkg Swnog to fib itqtrtau vn*g- 
flaXXst, to Si Aqpti tkXtintr o S$ irelti&egog to ptb 
l4pp*i vntgfittXXu, to Si irqoion iXXtintt. 5. 2V5y pb 
ovv www n»l tit* xBq>&%aity Xtyoptr, igxwp,trt>i eevrw 
tovTfit- ww^oy Si entgifitarigev ittgi txvrwr Stog*- 
a&fjastut, 6. /Rf I Si ra^iyjueera turf x<*» ewUew $*»- 
#i(X«#£, fcsaoTI}? /eeV, fiEy^&jrgtneia • e f «^ /te«^«il<K 
WQ$7tf)g x dut<pfybi 4kev&tjflev • o ftb fag nsgllJiBf&la, 
b Si mgl fttoQct. 'fttogpoXij Si, omngoxaXia *<** /9of- 
vavaifr- *tXXtuf*g Si , ftuxgongintui - * Sicupigovm Si 
avrai tm mgl vip SXtv&SQivrrjta' m Si SwnpigwHfw, 
vategov Qy-d-rjOttou. ' 7. Heg* Sirifiiiv xal axifUav, 
ftiOOTfig f*b, fuyaloyvxla' vnegjhXij Si, #«w*tijs 
teg Xtyopfrf} • < tXXsaptg Si, pvnqoyvxl*. 8. 'dig 6* 
Myofuv I'x&v ngbg tyy peyaX^Ttgimwy t^v £Xtv4h~ 
gtojfjta, mgl fiixga Siwp&gwoctv , ovt&g e/h t*s x*fc 
itgbg rip psyaXoywylocv , ntg\ vipip ovactv fttfAktp, 
avtij mgl fiutgfaf ovajx* con* fog, itg 68 > o$4yB&&n* 
Tijuyg y xal paXXov % du, nal Jjvtov. Mytxttk di, b 
fib imgfiiXXmt rmg ogil-toi, (pdeTtpug • h $* UXti- 
ftmv, aq>iX6npog * 6 de piaoq , avwwfiog. a Amwfio* 
Si ttal ul Sw&t\mg ' nXip fj toi qxloxtpov, *jpwUm- 

DigitizedbyLjOOQlC .. 



NICOMACH. LIB. II, CAP. VII. 3T 

film * iter itodutafonrtm ol 0*001 Tff jrir qc Z**Q*$* 
&*l fo&g $i, Mori pk ot« to* fitoop, qpUonpoy uu- 
Xovfktr* Sarr* £* ow, aqwAoripoy* **» low. ot« per 
tnmwovftmr toy f^oTt/toy, lot* $' oniorafUoT^ 
9. A*& tAw 4* ofr/a? towo *otovp**, t* toj? igq? 
{ifd^aercr*. IVt/y di root tw lo*7i»# ttpup** «<**• 
tw vy7\ym»A¥ev f^ww. 10. *jSbT* ft *#} woi 007 j)» 
vato/foi^ xai ILUi^K *«J pmitw o^tdo* # «*»•* 
wjMir ojttw «vx«r, tot pivo* Kpfo* liytumt , «|* 
po&irytu nf^iet^ta nalioofttw %my f wtqwt, o pov 
tOTfo/S&tto**, oo/tto? Soma * 4 £• ****** of/tlorqc ' © 
& lUt/xesy > aooytitog n$* 4 4' SUttpic, <xoo/i?<fl*. 
11. £»<£&««} «U«* to»* psoor^TSf j jfroi/00* juV 
«iir« opotor^Ta koo$ ajUqto?* otafjoow* ,fl« aJUq* 
*w afiow ph pap elo* ntol loymr *vl ftoeSMty 
nowwAar • diwpigovm ft, bu y pm Are) ntql to ik%r 
tffe to ir at/rot?* ai 64 ato) to igov* tovsw 3i, to 
pbr> ir na*6uji\ ibdi, 4y nan tots, not* tw {Uov* 
'Areoor ow nxd mol tovtiw , bv pilkov xatldmp$t $ 
on h w&avif $ paoorijc iJteurwtor • ti d' curoa oiht oo- 
&m 9 ovts ijuuvtra, iXXi yarta. jSortjay ovp *«} 
tovtw t« afcfa avtarvpa * acioatto? <f ofowo sa» 
M Twy SXhoy, ctvrovg ovopaionoluv > aaqpqrtfaf 
hto& , xri tov svxuQUX<$.ovfrr\TV*. 12- Usgl piv 
tfw to &»£&, o plr p&o?, &q£jf **s * *<** rj pt- 
oor^y a^f^eMX )U^a^«i* 9 o« ^o^ro/^« ^^iy 
*«i to pdtw, cUa£dr«f« " «ai ^«Mf cw? ijV, . ila£cay • 
iH M to Uatjor, tfyrnvtla, %al d'ow, 13. i/*o* 5* " 
to qov t to |««r {^ 9«^«$ # ifUvpioos, tvtquniXoq' 

s Digitized by VjOOQIC 



96 : AftlSTOTELIS ETHIC 

%ka m nal ofr«y efVTijr, /fapoAqfo?* © S* HXehwr, 
ayoomog rig* nal ^ S^ ayootnia 9 ^jibqI ft «© lo*~ 
*rw j^dy to ^ t« ^/», o pirwg Set yShg mr, q&og? 
nal rj (isooTrjs ytXla , o S* vmoftdHw , «* ph ovde- 
rbg !>«*<!, offeoxo?* w $* «*9«U/<*? tjtg aitov, xoXa$* 
o S* Ultimo? nal iv naoi* ati&yg , Svgfyig iig nal 
Svgxolog. 14. JSlal Si nal ir.toig na&sot, nal h *&g 
mol Tct, na&if psaoi^tBg * ij yao aiSmg aosty piy ov* 
wwy , iszaw&icu Si, nal © aiSipwt • xa* yaq h tow- 
Ting o per l&yttai piaog • o d* vmofldllur, &g *ar«- 
*AJ& 6 n&rta aiSovp&og • J £' iAJU/jrwv, -J o ftqft 
oto$, avcdozvrrog • b Se piaog, aidyptay. 15. IV*- 
ptaigSi, fie<iQji}g a&ovov nal imxcuqtxaxiag* ewi 
. 6c w«d* Ivmpr nal ySorfiv tag inl toig ovpfialpovo* 
%o%g n&ag ywopirag * 6 /uir yao reptofjiucbg kvitu~ 
tai inl tolg uvatbag ev ngdnovaw o Si <p&ov*Qog 
vnsgfidlXmp tovror, inl noun Ivnurai • 5}' imxai- 
qixanog toocvtov ikUbtu tov ivnuo&at, SgtB nal 
Xalquv. 16. !dttia jk©* ahi tovtmp nal aXXo&i nat~ 
obg tatai' ntql Si Sutawovvrjg , httl ovx airXmg Xi- 
yttaty ptta taita Suliperot, neql knatdfag igovprr, 
*mg ptoovqvig usiv bpolmg Si nal wbqI wy Aa/t- 
nmv aQsunf. 

CAPUT VIII. 
Tqmy dedw&iowr oiaw> Svo pb nanwv , tyg 
piv, xa& VJtSQffaXrir, *qg Si, not* UXutpnf pubs Si 
vQixySy tJjg p€a6tfitog 9 naaamaaaig ardnuvtai nug •• 
ai ahyaQ axpa* nal rn pforj nal ctXXrjlaig 4*aptla* 
tfolv • % Se pith} raXg mgaig. H.^Jlgneq yaf to ?aoy, 
nybg ph to Slorrroy, (ihZw nqbs Si to fiutov, liUn* 

Digitized by GOQQle ' 



NICOSUCH. LIB. IL CAP* VIIL 30 

tot* ovtotg *i f«w litis, njhg phr tig iXXtlfttg, 
wng/iaXkovay. nqbg $i tag vmgfioXag, iXltinovauf 
<y to %o%g na&eoi xal ta&g nga$tat*. *0 yog ivty&og, 
nghg fikf TOy dolor* -froaavg yalvnw ngbg di to*. 
&gaayv , diikog • ipofag di mm o aitpowv, agog plr 
Toy ayaio&riTov axifatarog' ngbg d$ tov axolwnor, 
avtuo&ntog* © d* iXtv&igtog, wobg p& tip apetav- 
&*gor, £om*09 ' ngbg di iw» aomtw ,-avtltv&tq*t K 
3. Ailo xal anv&oytTat tbv.ftiow o* axfot, l***r«fOff 
ngbg ixmr$Dov, xdlxaXovo* Toy avdo&ov, o pay o#*- 
2o$, &gaavv h dbfrqaovg, frUo?* xal iul x&v £l» 
%vt ivoAoyov. 4. Oviv d* avttxupipmp iXXyXoig 
tovtw, nXtiw iyarnottjf fori toig axgotgfigbg «JU 
AqAa,..^ wflos to /uVjoy. . JJo^oiigta yog tayra 
aptVrqxfy aJUijAaw ij tov piaov* Sgnegy to uiy a tov 
fuxQoir • xa* to /ax? ov tov ftsyaXov * % apyob tov 
Xoov. 5. *jBt* 7roof ftey to fisooy «V/o»£ Sxgoig buoio- 
rrjg xig qpa/ymu, ag'tji -frgaovtriTi itqbg tip aftglav, 
xal %jj aowTta ngbg *rp iXtv&eoiotTjTa • roig di axooig 
Ttqbg SXXrjXct TtXtlotrj apopototr^g * tk di nXiiarop ■ 
unixovxa aXXyXwv, ivavtia oo/£o>Ta« k <8$t* xal f*al- 
loy havrla xa nXuov anixovra. 6. IToiff £e to fi«*- 
oop avrlxurai, £q> Zv pip paXXop, ytXXuyig* Up top 
di 9 rj vntQpoXri; Qlop apdgla pip ovx i\ •frQcwvrTjS, 
insgjSoXfi ovaa * aXt 4 $ edict, TXXuqig ova a • tJ di 
GCoygoavvT], oix h wcuo&rifjia,. tvlkia ovaa • aJU* ^ 
axoXaoia , insgfSoXij ovaa. ' 7. ^ct tvo 8* altlag 
tovto avfifiahtf (Uav pivyti\v £ avtov tov itgaypa- 
vog* t£ /ao fyyirsgor tlvat fat o/ioiOTcooy to trtooy 
oxooy t$ //^aw, ov tovto, aXXa tovv anlov amil&$- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



40 ARlSTO'ffiLlS BTUIC. 

piy pSAUv • oW <*ri &(uuin§op «&*** ©toitf tjj £r** 
fyty 4 fyaovtitf xal 4yyit$goy 9 arofiodzefey di i§ 
folia* vctfoqy puidtoy £yt*tl&tp*y. Tkya^ini- 
foyta xk&ov *ov p&ov, iyarumtfytt 4o*4 tlm*. 
S. Ufa psrvi* «nfa ***ij,# avrov t*3 rtou/parros* 
Wo«*i> l^i**? ***£"' *^ « /ij «vto$ pfiilW 
nffatfUr iwfr tvvta pAULo* hard* t£ pfap 9*/- 
jrttat* 0I0?, avto) jboJU** m<pi*#(i& moig to* 4fo** 
*■? * J#© evWrafooW Irffcer p&XXoy xqbg ixoXaoiay, 
if woo* fkocrpdf tyror. ?tovY ow /uaMoi> inertia Jtf- 
fopty, itpbg a y inldixng /tatter/ yhet<H* xal S$i 
tovto 4i ukoXaaia, wreo/foiljy ovoa , Attiffirorio* Art) 

CAPUT I*. 

• TPti/uA' ov* Ijt*V ^ *0f*^ ^ ^#**i| fitootyg, xal 
*£$, x«* St* /tcao?*}? iJvo xaxiiav, tys uiv t x*& viuq- 
poXyy; tij* W> x«t t/UUtyw *a* ot* tomxvtij &rrj 
#*a fa (rcojacm*^ tov i«&ov *7j/a* tov fr tdig na&tm. 
xal tats nqaUatv, l?cav<ag efy^Tou. 2. ^*o *a* fy/oy 
iati onoydouov tlyai, *JBr bcaora yag to piooy la- 
(t&y , egyoy • ©lo* xvxXov to /u&or , ov rcayros, aUi 
tov c*o*oto?* ovro & x<x» to /x«^ ooywd'tiyon norths* 
*&\ fadtov, xal to dovyai agyvoiov xal Sanavihoai* 
to 6« w, xal odov, xal oxs, xal ov frexot> xal is, ovn t 
Jr* norths, ovoe Qqttoy onto iotl to *v, *a* ottoc- 
iW xa» inawnby xal xaXoy. 3. ^*o idi toy oro/a* 
Gijiusyoy tov pdaov, nqitoy p& anozwowy tov paXXoy 
iyayiiov, xa&antQ xal y KaXvyw naqyyu to* 

— - tov fiiv namroti xal uvparos txvbf ftofi 

2V^«- »-. 



> y Google 



NHWttACH; Lti. 1L CAP. IX. 41 

t&r yif <**$&* to pit Art** tyt&Qi*\<nk(pv > to 6+ 
JJ**o*. 4. *B*«* <w to* jufoot> mx&y $*Q*ag X<tlt*by, 
n&ra toy 4*vtB$6y <pam nloiv , «r« 4k&x*** Itynfof 
t&y xattov * t<m/to 9' terror* paXtota tovtoy %oy tqo- 
nov or iXiyoptv • axonilr 92 fl# rcpoj a xai avroi 
$vnaTu<pogoi Saptv alXoi yitQ itybg SXXa n&pvxafi$y. 
Tovto. d* Itax* yydgifioy Ac trig fidoyrig %al t?j» lv- 
wij$ *fo ywopbyg ?rtf J V"?* S. Mg^tovyaytloy fl* 
ftrtnfefc jqp&mi' M' «oJt* yip mmtyetyfrng toi 

<nf<*pfjiir+ *&* Mm* fy&ovmg nowvmr. 6. '&» 
ttcrvti W ptiunm tfvhtwUoy tb^ov y nml iffy ifloy^y* 
ov yhy idbavro* nfhofay'avtjp. fyfwq oh ol Jij* 
poyfywteg &t»&ov Jifip tip 'JSJUnf* , iovm M n«- 
&&r *v* f)pj*s TtyQg tip v&ovip* wei Ix mvi tijr buU 
mv imiiyur ymvtp * ^ mjw yiq avtyr anontftnifU- 
*ot, fjtror ipcptqao/uw&ar. 7* Turn ovr nonnrrtigp 
is i* n&pmXmty umtiy* fimXuna oSamoip*&m tov p&+ 
Q&nwfx**ib. . XaXsmyy <M ffawc toSto, x«i pilurf ' 
kf tots xm& htmtnv * •» /«? ^tordfapfaai, »»<y 
flatafoi* *«rl in\ noiotf , xa* Troaor jrfo*or jo?y**trfo* • 
x«r2 /*0? jpuit? ori ftfr Toij *U«frrorr«s feauwytir, 

«v n<tyt*(k*bw, w fiyttu*, oiY &r*TO pfiUw m, 
CT*Toi}rw eft attar* wi*$ yif ©v'ltfy^awt 

o M Mw* ^•«' **^ *** ^««<* y**^ ' °^ (ff ^*o^ T V 
ilo^ cypoQttfiW *vii y<»Q alio wtibxitiv e&s&rr*<*v\ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



43 AfclOTOTBU&fcTHiC. 

^9 &? 4? own* tafltfmiT a*e*A/rf»*4A ££, wA 
pto ixl tip vnttfoXftr* Toti .M &r* T$r Ittetyw * Wtm 
yog t<t<rt<* toS leow *» *ow «v te v{ep##ti. 



LIBER III. 
CAPUT L 

to pto 1 dig hxovgfotg, btabtav ual yoy&v ywtpivmy • 
to di toi$ inovaiotg, ovyynipqg , Mot* & *a# iXdov ♦ 
Ta btowiov *a* ixovoioy etp»y*{Hor &n»£ ftoottirift «8fr 
v$qI aotfifc 6r*o*<mov<w. 2. Xg%atpur Si *«? *&i 
yopo&ttwot , ngig tc fi; «ip«r? *a» xa$ *olAr«*«. 
3* ^o*tf & axovffta Jrcu, xa /% ijj &' Syvoitt* ywi^ 
pira • (Mwo* o*, ov ^ agOT 3«#«*t toiw*h ovaa f ir 
ff prfito avppdXXet&i b nginw, ij £ Kaqp*?* oior, 
el imvjua %o(dami **o*, if ay&Qino* kvojo* orrtt* 
4* "Ova W &a qpo/for pt&orwv xe&wv nqanttat, if 
$a sailor »• olor, *» vugawpog ng og%aTU*wb%qmv 
%i i*Q(*$(H,xvqio$ Sr yoviwxd* rixrmr* *eri flroaSirr-- 
to* fity, 0w?om*o # /119 Koala?**? ^ aTrotfyfoxortr • 
ifUpta^riTffa$r %x**> nottfov axoioia tottr, if {*owur, 
5. jTwot/roj' N novpftaiim xaYrnfitttg to r&g fit* 
jflSot? ixfioXas* ixnX&g ph fig oifeig imopaXtet** 
huh* inl acnftyty di ctvrovnml rSv Xoln&v inctvtig 
at r*vw Kzovttg. & M**ral pto o$r tiitv <xi Toriw* 
.*«» ffoa&i?* ioixctct ft piXXov btovoloig • aiptrtt} 
/ao not, tot* ow xrf^TTorroi* to &- tdX&g ftjg rtqa<~ 
lew* *<*f i tor «raijpoi> &tfc Jftx) to ftofom tit *al 

, • Digitized by VjOOQIC " 



NICOKACH. LIB. II* CAP. L 4) 

to uxovotop^its nqavtu, Uxtiop * nqmrtu d$ Ix*?* 
xal yig q itgxk *<n> *w*Ip ti oeyaptxa piey , to rait 
touwttHq iroattow to mv*$ low &p S* to airy $' 
<XQXht ii* airy xal to xqatttup, xal py ' hxovout &% 
%a touAta^ anUtg d\ taug axovota • oidtlg. yaq Sp 
(lotto xa& avti iw totovtwp otfato. 7. *Enl talc 
nqo&tot- di ruts toiavtatg toioxt xal istavovna^ 
otappioxqop t* r,Xv7trjfbr vTtoptowtw anl psyaXwr 
xal xvXvv £p &' avaitaUp, ytiyomu* tayao of- 
ox*o& ixop&pat,inl pydtol xaXy % pnqlt», yetvXov • 
in tolovs d\ tnaipog pto ov ytottat, ovyyvvpy 81, 
otap £«a toiavva 7iqa£tj rtg a py du f a xal %%* &v- 
&qamipqp qrbot* vntojsivtt, xal pytitlg up inopdpat* 
8. *iv*a i* i'abig oix Kotup iyuyxao&fpM, ilia paX- 
Xov ino&pqtiop, na&ona t» duvojata* xal yaq top 
Evomidov jtlxpafapa ydoia q>uivticu t« arayxji- 
oayta pqtqoxtoriqocu, 9* "Eati di zaXniov toiotM to 
xfipatg noiop anl nolov aiqetdop, xal tl anl thog 
vnoptvsziov It* di ^aiwiojTi^py to ipp&pa* toig; 
-YTWG&uoiy m yaq inl to noXv dart ta pto itgogda- 
xioptva, XvTtyod' tjt d 3 avayxa£ona, aioxqi ' o&tp 
tnawoi xal yoyoi ylvonat ntql zovg £payxao&inag 
*i py. 1 0. Ta dr\ noXa <patiop fikua * i} anXmg pto, 
OTiQT aw. h aitia to to%g ixfog ji, xal o nqattap py-- 
dh ovpfiaXXfitat' a di, xd& avta pto, xxovow lath, 
pvp di xal anl twb*t ctloera, xal y oofy fy t% Ttqat- . 
torn, xad* avia pto, axovotu km*, rvy d$ xal avxl 
tmvdt, hxovou* ; paXXov H bomsv ixovoioig * al yaq 
nouSeig to totg xa& IWaara* taita di, kxovout, 
ndta 9* anl noiwp diottiop, ov Qadiov aifotioypak^ 

* Digitized by Vj,OOQlC 



44 N Aftitf TOTMLlft- ETHIC • 

jioKXal tfhq HtutpoQul tiotx fr *&$ *m& $xo«ttv. 
11. £3 to ttg tot ifliu «*) ti ««A& qpa/q /flaw* efyar 
ottccptatur yity, ft«i oWtf • nirta Sp tVfj ovw /#«««• 
tevrtey y«Q x«Qiv ***** nmneq **«ttov0i* xal o! 
/**> /5/« xai Snorweg, Xvnity&g • of At* &a to ^v p*^ 
^otwijff. JTejlotaf d^ \o er*t»crtr^of» Tcttmbg, ttlln ftff 
ccvToVy tv&fj^ufy orret v»o tw totovtwi xa» t£p jerir 
xftXttr htvtbf , t&p Si vUfXqmv t« rfiiv. 1 2. to**e 

Xopivov tov pMHtdirrog. 13. To di$t ayrotiiv, viz 
htoxxjwv fihi anw iarlp* ixovonv di, rb tnliv*op 
xal iv (terttptXtli* ' h ykq Si ayroutr itB<x£itg vrwvv, 
pqdeV de Svgx*Qalp*v M tiJ 7rpa|«, £xt»y /**V ov ni- 
nqaxw, o p« j»»f rjSri* aid' av ixmp, pi\ Ivnovptvog 
yt. Tov tit} dt tlyvotcev, b ft&v §r psr&peleltt , Snap 
doxii* 6 Si fiii fittctfititfiBvoQ, 4m*l heqog, fort* o&x 
&©y* intiyixq du*<f>e$H, fliXttap oVopot tfctf Jfoor.' 
14. *Etbqop Si town xal to 6? iypotap nqattup, tov 
otyvoovvztt noitly i> yceo pe&vmv, v oQyi&pbrog, oi 
dexw 6** ayrotw nqartuv, iXXa dux t* twv et^/wf- 
WW • ovx eidws d«, aM* &yvw»v iyvo€L pip ow ?rAV 
o (tox^Qogf 8 del tt^cetrw, xtri m? diy aqpextioy • xal 
dtor Tijr tomvrijr apnqtlap Sdixot x«J olw? xerxoi ftf- 
iorta*. 15. To di attovwor povXttcu Xtytoxfan, ov* 
dt rig &yro& to ovpyfyov * ov 709 4 ^ T ? ^ocm^iP 
on ayvtoa bdti* toq meOvo/ov, aiXa tij? ftotfhjpiag* 
old* fj xa^oiov 'ifdyortm yio dux y% lavrrp' aJUf 
. 4 xtt^' ixacrta, iv ol? xai 7re(>i a ^ ffoj&f - ^ Tovrot? 
y«p xai IXeo^ xal avyyw&ftti • ^if tovray » iyrow, 
axovaitog TTpchrrst, 16 • *low J ow ov ^elpo*' 'dwghat 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



' NICONACH. LIB. III. CAP. I. ' 46 

airra, tipa xalniamiatl, tig Tidy, xaltl, x*lv$olti, 
ij ix zivi noarru* fyivu di xalibh ofoy ooymx^ • xal 
hsxa tivog, o}ov amyqitg- xal mis, olox fcipa $ 
wpoty*. \.7*Anwn* ph ovv tavtu ovd$lg mxmypofa 
osu ph pouvofiwog' dylo* di, &$ o.vdi%witQ&wtovtm f 
nmg yaq Utvrov y%$ o di noarrei, iyvoqatuv Sv *•$* 
olor, Uyovtig <paw kmo&v aitoita, jjj oim udixm 
ot« imofdrjja yv, agnto ^loxvlog ia /Mvawmi* 1} &&* 
£«» fiovloueyog, u<p$wa+, «f iov xaTOT&Tqr. Oiq- 
&$iij 6' uv if? xal %oy vti>* nolifuox *focw mgmq y 
MtQ&my * xal topcuQ&a&a* to XsXoyxufiivor doov • y 
%bv Xl&ox xloayQtx thai' xal iiil omityiip indent* 
Imoxxthai ax • xal du$a* (toviipwog, ngmo 0% <xxqo~ 
Xtuptapwoh naifeuep ax. 18. Iltol navta dy jenrta 
%%$ ayxoiag ovayg , iv olg y nqitig , 9 roizix t» 
ayvoyoag, axoiv doxtt mTtqarivai, xal pilxnaivtolg 
xvfjwiasoig' nvgunara &' that doxu, to Jig y n fi- 
fe xal ov ivtxa. 19. Toy dy xazatyx rotavryx 
ayxoiax axovaiov Xtyomvov , It* du *yp xoi&v Av-r . 
Tvyo&v slrcu, xal ix (UjapiXtia. 20. "Oxtog 8* 0x01* 
aiov rovjkalov xaldi ayxoiax, %ik*0VQ*oxd6Uwxiw 
%lvah ov y i^xh & ctvrtp , udomm *a& faoof* 4r 
olg i noafa. 21. *ia»s yag ov xalmg Mynrn* ib> 
axovaut thou tadut&v pox, y di im&vpUtw* 22.ZTf&» 
xox fih yog oidix ui xm vtllmv fiww btovaivg iiqut 
Uh oid' ol vtmhig. 2,3. £i%* n&ttfop ovfcv bt*wimt 
nodrrofup, tuv di favthtfifa* 13 frvpov- y tit *ai* 
jih ixovaimg' ret d* aMXQttaxQvgi&gt {^eJUioy, hog 
y% afoiov ynog } 24.*!dt(mov di long, tb&xowMmo?£- 
veth &v &u ootyur&w dn di xal oqyi&o&cu M Wth - N 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



4ft > ARIST0TELI8 ETHIC. 

ual iftrfhtpMv wmv oXop vyuiag xal fia&rjGtGyg* 
25. Joxil 8b xct ubaxovota, XvTtrjqa thai' xa8ixav 
inifrvftictv, ydia. 26. IEt* 8k, xl titatptQU to) axovoux 
wLvm xct xaxa Xoywfibr tj &vfior afiaoxfi&bxa ; <p$v- 
«tw fib yag &ftq><o. 27- doxtl 8i ovx yxxop ar^w- 
mxa that xit aXoya na&^' al 8ingaU^xova^&gA^ 
nov ino -Svfiov xal in&vfiiag • axono* dy xoxi&bat 
uxoveiu xavxa. 

CAPUT' II. 

dtnguffiirwr 8i xov xt kxotialov xal xov axovfflov, 
neglngoatgiattug tmtou dttX&eir' oixuoxaxov yi^el- 
pou 8oxti xp agexp , xal pallor xa qfrij xgivstr twv 
nga$*iar. 2- C J9T ngoalgtotg 8ff jsxovmop fib tyafotxai * 
ov xavxbr 8i, all' inl nliop rbtxovawy xovfibyaq 
btovfriov xal Ttatdeg xal xa alia Saa xotrtsvil • «£o- 
atgiotag 8* ov • xal xa Oiatyvrig, hcovoia fib Xiyofisy • 
xaxa ngoaigtaw 8* ov. 3: Ol 8ilt&yotxsg avttjp &Ur- 
&vfilav ij xhvfibr ij ffovXtjow r\ xwa 8&$av, ovx ioixa- 
ab og&wg Xiynr • pi yag xtybv y irgoalgtaig xal xw 
aXoytov ktv&vfiia 8i xai &vfi6g. 4. Kal o axgaxrjg 
imfrvp<av fib ngaxxw irgoaigovfiwog tie ov m o ly- 
xqaxqq 8* aranaXtx, itgoaigovfitvog fib, in&VfMiv 8*. 
ov. 5. Kal 7tgoa*giou fib ttrfhifiia ivatxiovxai • ini- 
. &vftia 8* im&vfila ov' xal r\ fib im{h)filati8iogxal 
iniXvitov • 17 ngoalqtoig 8' ovxe Xvitygov ot&' fjdiog, 
6. Bvftbg 8' Sri ypxow ijxioxa y>ag xa8ia &vfiov xa- 
xa ngoalgtctv drat 8oxii. 7. IdlXa fitjv ov8t (lovlftaig 
yt, xatntg avveyyvg q>aiv6fisvop' Ttgoalgtatg fib yaq 
ovx Mart xwv a8vvdx(ov • xal stxtg (pair) Trgoatgua&ai, 
8oxoin av rjXi&wg %trw fiovXrioig 8* ioxlx»pa8vyi- 

Jigitizfed by ViO 1 



NICOMACH. LIB. III. VA1MI. . 47 

tuy, oToy a&ay«ota$. 8. Kctl fj ph fiovXyalg ion xal 
ntgl taptidap&g di aitov nqax&bna jay* olovvno- 
xqiTqy two ytxav, ? a^Xr}t^y • nqoaiqurai di 4a xoi- . 
avxa ovdelg , al£ oaa oUxat ay ytydo&ai H * avrov. 
9.*En $ r) fiir -fiovkf)ot? roxr rdXbvG for* pctXXoy • jj 
dz nqoaiqtaig twy nqog to iiXog •' oldv, vyialytiv flov- 
X6ps$a, nqocuqovpt&a di di w tyvayovpty • xal «v- 
datpoy&y fiovXopt&a piy xal yapiy nqoaiqovpi&oi 
di Uyny, oix aqpoiu • oX&g yitq toixty ij nqoatqtaig 
ntql tit i(p ftfjlv iTvai. 10. Ovdi dy 66$a ay «fj • -§ 
ply yitq do$a dox& nsql ftarta that, xal oidiy i)Ttoy 
mqlra atdta xoi %a advyata, y tit iq? f)fdv xaltto 
tpivdd xal aXy&n diaiq&tai, oi ty xaxy xal aya&w 
y di ngoaigeotg tovrotg pStXXoy. 11. "OXwg pky mfy 
doty tavtby, Xamg ovdi liyti oidclg, aXt pidi iw 
Toi yitq irqomq&a&ai iayot&a rj tit xaxit, noioi twig 
iapey *ttp di dota&iy, ov. 12. Kal wgoaiQOvpt&a piv 
Xapuy rj tpvyity, i? t* tm tonvtav • do$a£opsy di, tl 
iotiy, %~tIv% ovpfiqei, >ij wc • lafety di rj qwyeiv ov 
niw doS&Zoptv. 13. Xal t) piy nqoalq$aig inaiyel- 
tm, tw tlyctt ov del paXXov, tj rot og&ug ' % di dola, 
t$ aXr}&&$. Kal nqo&iqovps&a piv, a paXiota Vopty 
aya&a oyxa'dola^opiy di, a ov itayv Xaptv. 14. ^o- 
xovai rs oix °* uvtbl itqoatqua&ah tit aqusxa xal db- 
tufay ' il£ Mywt, do$a£sty piy apuyov , diet xtoxlav 
d* alq&o&ai, ovx a du. 15. M di nqoylvtrm, dc$a 
ti\q itQoatqiatag, J}naqaXoXov9t'i, ovdbf dicupiqw oi 
xovto yito oxonovpty* aX£ tl tavtoy ion doty tivL 
16. Tl ovv i\ noiby ti bmy, insidr) t&y dqripiy&y ov- 
Hiy iotiy; Ixovawr pb dij q>alyetaf to d" htovatov 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



' 



48 % * ARISTOTELI8 ETKIC. 

©v n&v 7*QOtyQ*r6r f Yl.*jti£ vqu/b to nfofltflovXtv- 
usyov; ij yitg nfoafysoiQ ptia Xiyov x«* diavolag. 
TxooyiAafaw J* *o*x* xcr) towq/w, w$ oy tt^o frefuy 

C^PUT III. 

JBowAwoynn.de nojefv nigl ndvrw, x<4 nSv(fov~ 
Xtvtov forty, % n$gl hlwf o«Sx smfioviyi 2* ^itjcuor 
S* i'wg (tovXevxbr, ovx v7ieo ov ay Ttg fiovXtVQtujp 
yXi&tog % fiawopevog , &X£ vniq wy o yoiy &»*. 
3. Jleo* £« wy pndi<ay oydtlg flovXeveryr ojpy rapt * 
tov xoafiQV jj Tys du*p£%Qov xa* tV9 nXtvgag, ou aav^r- 
.at too** 4. *AX£ ov$i nsgl tZv 'h xw^an, id Si naxa 
to avia ykvopivmr, #I't i$ iviyx^g, t frs (pi;ae*, if &a 
wa aUqy aUiay, oloy iqon&v xci avajokuv. 5. Ov- 
de tmo* tw «Uot€ aXXmg % oloy vvxpwv xai oupQViVi 
oids Tieyl xw Stno %vx*lS > oXqv $rpavqQV ivqiamg. 
6u 24U' ovW two* f£y aWoaimxaiy Wre coy * oloy, rcais 
ay 2xi&(M aQWja noXirtvoirto » ovAe*? Aaxtfcnpo- 
vimv (lovXei&w qv yjkg yivori av xoyxm 9i *#*oV 
eider. 7- JBovXsvofia^a ds 7ieglivvi<p ^t£y nyaxz&y • 
.rawer d*« x«* cart Aotfra* atria ^^ oVixowirtlyat? v-r 
atfi *a* 'ivifrti xat xvxn * It* & yoJJg xat way to d* 
w&Q<*7tov ' xS>y d'. qyd'oatfrtty Stacfroi flovXeuortw 
awo* Twy <J* afcpy nqaxjotv. * 8. JTa* W|0* /icy tot? 
, £*Qifi&g *«* aviaoxetff xm fotomgawy etm lcrr» /3ov- 
£q - oloy, we^i yqantiaxw oy yoy dunaCopsY, m»g . 
yqanriov w£ ooayivstai dt ijftw, ^n mgvvmg-ds 
oai, ffi^« xovwuy povXtvofit&a • <&ov 9 ntq\ %w Mara 
latoix^y x«» ^nfi«T*aT*xiy» *«» »«o* xi//?€$»yijT«iy 
4«aUo>^vfiya(rTix^ oa^^oy^x^/^wrat, 9. Xal 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



NICOMACH. LIB. III. CAP. HI. 40 

Ft* ntql r&y Xonwv opofag * fiallov di xul ntol tag . 
%lx*ug rj tag imovrjpaQ * pallor yaq ntql avtag J*- 
araZofity. 10. To povltvto&ai, di brolg igixatoXv, 
idrjlotg di nug arto/Hi'tanai, xal h olg adioqunow • 
ovfifiovXovg di naqaXafi(tavofi*v tig xa fity&Xa, am- 
arovyxsg fifi* avroig «$ ovx Ucaroig dutyribai. 

11. Bovltvofis&a di ov mql tmv relay, alii ntql 
Twyngbg ja Till} ' ovts yaq iatqbg fiovUvttai, tlvyui- 
w ovtb fawq, tintiau' ovx* noUxvxbg, il nryofUa* 
nosajotf ovdi xw lamojy oidtlg ntql xov xiXovg" 
aXXa xHfievoi xiXog xi, nwg xal dui xivwt %axat, oko- 
noval' xal dut nlitbvw fib (pcuvofifrov yiyto&at, dtt 
xivog §(xgtol xal xaXXusxa intoxonovoi • Si bbgdiin** 
xelpvfibov', n&gdwt xovxov caret* • xax&yo dta xivog, 
tag av sl&aowjTrl xb nq&xoy atxtov, 2 iv tjj tvqion 
*ox<x*oy iaxiy • o yaq (lovXsvofitvos torn* fyxuy xal 
avalvBw xb? tlqtifibov xqonoy , wgn$q diayqaufta. 

12. 4>aiVrra# di ij fib Zyirioig oiiraoa tbrnftovlw- 
atg, olov at fia&r t fiaxutal' f) di fiovXsvaig niaa &}tij- 
aig • xal xb taxaxov to x% avaXvou nqmov that to tf 
ytveosi. 13. Kay fib avvvaxtp Iwvxmw*, ayloxavxav 
oloy, el XQryi*T<ay d&, xavxa di (it) o\ov x* noqio&ii- 
vat. *Euv di dvvaxbv (palyrjjai, iyxttqovoi nqaxxuv * 
dvvaxa di, a dSyfmy ytooixo av • xa yaq dw x&y q>l- 
hay, ti yfi&vnmg ioxiy qyaq aqxh to ryuy. 14. #f- 
tutcu di bxi jib xi oqyava, its di i} XQ**a avray * 
bfiolag $i xal to xolg lotncZg, oxk fib, dt ov • iti 8i, 
natg, ij &u* xivog. 15.*Eoixi dy, xa&dmq tlgytah 5v- 
&qtmog tlva* aqxh v&v nqatmy fj di povlrj ntQlrvy 
avJiji nqaxrwy al di nqfetig allesv wtx*. 16. Ov* 

Arista Ethic. I. D 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



60 ARJSTOTEL1S fiTHIC. 

Sv ovv &tj poyXevrbv to tiXog, aXXi tit itgbg tit tiXrj. 
Ovdi di) tit xa^ txaota • olov & agtog tovto, % ni- 
ntrnat, % nmolatrai &g del* aio&rjoe&g ,yitg tavta* 
u Hi ael povUvancur *fr anctgov ifeei. 17. JBovXtv- 
tby tii xal ngoatgttbv to aito 1 riXnv aqHtigurpevov 
tjdij to ngoatgetov • to yag i% trig fiovXyg ngoxg&iv, ' 
nqoatgtiov Ann • navztai yag exaotog fatar, nmg 
nga^tt, orav tig avtbv avayayt] tip (*QXV V > *«* olvtov 
ug to yyoxtfitvov tovto yag to TtQQaiQQvpsvov. 
18. JfijXov 8i tovto xal ix tgJj» agxaiw noXitswhv, ag 
"Optfgog i/MfieiTO • ol yagflaoiXelg, a ngoiXowro, avtjy- 
ytkov t$ £i£/j6>. 19. "Ovtog de tov ngoatgstov f pov- 
Xtvtdv Bgtxtov rmv i<p rjtiiv, xal r\ ngoaigeoig av tXt) 
(ktvXzikixri ogtfa iSiv kp 7}(up • ix tov povXevaacr&a* 
fog tgbarttg, o^tfofit^a xata trp (tivlzvoiv.MQ'H 
ptv ovv ngoixlgzmg tvnta eigrjo&a, xal negl noli ion, 
xal otitmngbg ratiXfj. 

CAPUT JV. 

*&9i PovXv\oig, owfih tov iiXovg iatly t tfgtjtai* 
ioxiibTtdtg (iiv tiya&ov -thou* toXg 6i tov ipcuro- 
fdvov aya&ov.~% ivpfktiru tie, tots (iiy tofiovXtitby 
i&ya&bv Xiyovob, pit that povXrjthv, o fitivterat, opy 
OQ&&S algovfisvog • el yag fat at fiovX^tby, xal ay a- 
W* tjplH, u ovToog stvxb, xctxoy. 3. Tdlg $* av to 
jpaivtyuvov aya&bv to (kfr)Xijibv Xiyovoi, fi^tivat 
<pvoiifiovXr)TQv, &X£ ixaotatbdoxoty- aXXo d* aXXtg 
yalvetat, • xal u ovrtog hvxt, tavavtta\ 4„ £* di dq 
tavta py agioxu, aga q?atiov, anXag fiiv xal xat 
Htl&tiav (tovXiitbv shah Tocya&ov bcaara> dctbipai- 
tifuvovf ry (ih ovy onovdniu to xat aXyd-ua* el- 

Dig,itized by VjOOQlC 



NICOMACH. LIB. III. CAP. V. 51 

y©j* * t$ dl <paiXta to tvxov • <3?2rt0 xct) Anl twv ow- 
ftar&y, icfig pkv n> dtaxwpfaoig, vytuya iart t« *ot 
alri&uctv Toiavra orta* Tolg tf totwoooig, frtoa* 
bfioltog dexal ntxga xaiyXvxia, xal &sgpa, *al (tafia, 
%ctl T&y aUcoy fxaora* 6 anovdalog yag fxaora *o/- 
rn oQ&efe? xal fa hxaarotg TaXrj&ig avrtp yafartaC* 
xa& htaorriv yag 8?**' Tdu* iort xal xaXi xal ydia. 
5. Kal diaq>ig*i7fXeurtoy Xowg o onovfouog, TyvmXif- 
&eg fa btacnotg boav> Sgntg xay&y xal p&tgov avt&y 
£y • rolg noXXoig d$ fj anarij dm trp tidovyv tomt yl- 
vw&cn* ov yag ovoa, aya&by (paivncu. 6. Jlgovv- 
, t«* ow to ydv, &g aya&oy ttjv 6e Xinip>, ig xaxby, 
(pevyovatr. 

CAPUT y. 

Ovrog &% (tovXrjTov piy roi riXovg, fiovXtvrZy 8$ 
xal ngoatgtt&y T&y ngbg totiXog, alittglTavraitqi- 
lit? xara irgoalgmv shy ay, xal kxovow at 6i twv 
aqxt&v faigysia* ntgl ravta, 2. 3 Eq>' yfiy dq xal rj agt- 
ttl, ofioiwg dixal rj xaxia • fa olgyag Iqp' r^iivxb ngar- 
tuv, xal tbjiri ngarruy' xal fa olgjbfifj, xal to yah 
Sgr, it to ngarttw, xaXby ov, Iqp* i)fuy tori, xal to 
fitj rcgavtuv ixp r^ny carat, alaxgbv oy * xal el to firj 
ngarttw , xaXby oy, itp.^piy, xal to ngarTtw, at- 
axgbv oy*, &p ryuy* 3. .E* 3' Ap THuyTOTaxaXangaT- 
thv xal Ta alaxga, bpoiotg ds xal to py ng&TTny 
(tovto di yp, to afa&olg xal xaxdig thai *) iq? itffiy 
aorat to irrmxeoucal (pavXoig tlvai. 4. To diXiyny&g 

Ovdslg kxpw noyrigbg^ovd* ax(ov fidxctg, 
touct to fiiy xptvdsi' to d' aXrj&ii' fiaxagtog ph yag 
oi9$lg **w % ds uox&ygla bcovatov. 5.*HTolg yt 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



*2 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC 

vvv tlgrftuboig afKpiaftijTriTioir, xal xov av&gt*nov ov 
tpaxiov &Qxh* ctycut ovdi y&rvtjxr}* x&r nga£t<ay, 
vgntg xal xixrtay. 6. JE5 St xavxa <pahmcu, xal fiq 
Zxoutv tig alias agx&S avayayikv nagit xag &p r\fu* • 
tov xal al &QX<*1 top ht" v * *«$ aixi (a? r)fHVxalkxov- 
ota. 7. Toiovxoig d* tout* uagxvguo&at xal idla vqf t 
Worrw, xal in avxwv xmp ropo&n&v xoIA&ovob 
yag xal xifiagovyxm xovg dgSnrtag aox&nga, oaotftig 
fila ij 6i aypotar, yg firj avxol aXxio*. Tovg di xa xa- 
la ngixxopxag xipimip • , &g xovg fib ngoxgiyopxte, 
xovg ti^xaXvoorxeg. Kal to* nobs oca, pyx i<p fyur 
laxt, fiT}&* kxovoia, ovdelg ngoxginsxai ngaxxtw \ &g 
ovdiv ngb tgyov orxog nuo&fjyou /uiy &8gaalv9o&ai, 
$ ilyup r, nuvnv, rj aX£ oxiovpxwxoiovxw ov&b 
yag ijxxov mujofu&a avxa* 8. Kal yag in alxjp rf- 
ayvonv xoXatovwv, iiiv atxiog thou doxy xqg ay volag m 
oXov xdig pt&vovoi dtnXa xa innl/na* r\ yao agzy b 
avxu* xvotog yag xov fii} fUxhja&fivaf xovxo d* at- 
tiov xyg ayvoiag • xal xovg aypoovpxag t* x&p to rale 
roflotg, a 6n inioxaoda*, xal (iff x a Xtna iou, Kola- 
tovotv. 9* 'Ofiolmg di xal to xdig aXXoig, oaa di api- 
Xtuxv ayvoiiv tioxovoiv, ig in avxolg ov xb /uij ayvo- 
uv xov yao imptXfj&Tivou xvgtoi. 10. *M£ tootg to*- 
ovxpg xlg ioxiv, wgxt pi\ IniytoXxfityai* aXXit xov xop- 
ovxovg y*pio$ai avxol aTxwi, (Apx$g avtifibvg, nml 
xov adatovg j? axoXiaxovg that, oi fur, xaxovgyovr- 
xtg • ol 9b, to noxoig xal xdig xotovxovg dtayorxtg • al 
. yag ntglhtaoxa ivdgyttaixotovxovgnouivot. 11. Tov- 
%o di drjXov ix xm fiiXtxmyxiov ngog yrxiyaovv ayoh- 
if lap % ngahv diaxtXovo* yog toegyovvxeg. 12- li 

Digitized by CjO 



NICOMACH. LIB. 111. CAP. V. 63 

pvp oyp aypo&p, on ix xov iptoy&p ntol fxaaxm ai 
IJ»$ yivovrai, xoptdp avaio&riTov. 13. "Mm 8* aAo- 
yop, xop adxcovpxa ftrj fiovkBo&ai atiutop «??«*• % top 
axoXaoxafaovxa ixoXaoxop. El d» py aypo&p %n 
no&txn, IS upffoxaiadutog, ixitp adtxog ap eJij. 14. Ov 
prp> la* yt povXrjTcti,, adtxog tap navon** xal Sara* 
dixatog. Ov6i yao b poow vyiyg • xal tl oilxwg Siv- 
%ep, blip poaii, axoax&g fiionvap xal antt&w xolg 
laroolg. Toxtpsvovv £r\vavT§ pifpoo&p* nqotuipm) 
bi ovx rr** mgntg oid* a<pipxt XI&op, rrfavroy dvva- 
xbp apaXafiup - il£ optag in avrip xb fiaX&p xal $*- 
yaf rj yao aqxh ^ avxy * ovx» 6% xal tw adlxaxal 
t£ axoXa<TT(o i$aoxn$ P*vi£i}v xoiovxoig pyyepio&ai; 
dib kxopxig tlal* ysvopiroig di ovxhh Sear* pi) *7va*. 
15. Ov povop d* at T7)$ jpvxijg xaxiai Sxovowl stow, 
iX£ hloig xal al xov ompatog, olg xal imxifltoptp' 
xoig pip yag dut qyvotp aloxgoig ovdtlg imxipq.* xo%g 
ds Si ayvppaoiap xal apiXuav bpoltag 9i xalnsgl 
aap-drttav, xal aloxog, *al nrjowjup* ovdtlg yag op 
ops*dloei9 xvqjXtp <pvan, rj he pooov, tj ix nXfiyqg • aX- 
Xa paXXop iXvqoai* xfyd* i$ olpoqtXvylag rjaXXrig axo- 
Xaaiag, nag av ixnipitoai. 16. Tup dq mgl to ampa 
xaxuap aipiv iq> ypip, imxipiapxai * aidi prj 4<p r\pip, 
ov' tl 9* ovxv, xal M %S>p aXXwv aiiTnripmptvaiTVp 
xoxwp, i<jp ripip av elw. 17. J& dixig X$yo* ox* n&p- 
xeg kpUvxak xov qtawopipov aya&ov, rtjs Si yavxa- 
alag ov xvgioi, ai£ onolog no& Ixaoxog ioxi, xoiov- 
jo xal xb xiXog tpaipexa* avr« * ^1 per ovp txaoxog 
havjtp xr\qt$t&g foil ntag atriog, xal xfe <papxaaiag 
%oxa* rims vvtbg atxtog * tl dtpfjdilg avxy aXxiqg xov 



64 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC. 

xaxa noh&y, alia di ayvoiav xovrilovgxavxangax- . 
. %u, diet xovtoiy olouivog «vt<3 to- agioxoy Maea&ai • jj 
di tov xilovg tqxaig ovx ai&algexog, allaq>vyaidu 9 
ilgntg $y>tv exovTa, g xgiyH xal&g, xal to x«t aAi$- 
dwxv iya&hy alg^atrar xaleorw tvfvijg, w tovto 
xalig niq>vx% • (to yag piyunoy xal xallusxov, xal 
S nag itigov p^oloy xb lapuy , ufids ua&ilv, aX£ 
olov aq>v, xoiovxoy ej« * xal to tv xal to xalmg tou- 
TO-mtpvxivat, fj xeleia xal uXrj&tvij av tYrj tv<pvta-) 
si dif xavx iaxlv alq&ri , xl pallor y agtxfj xqg xa-~ 
xlag eofa* kxovowv; 18. 'A pcpoly yag opolmgyxy aya- 
&$ xal t$ x<zx$, to xiXog yvou % bnwgd^noxe <jd<u- 
ytrat x«» x&to** xa deloma ngog tout iyagtigoyxtg, 
ngaxxovaw oTKagd^noze. 19. MXxs drj to xilog priori- ^ 
qu btaaxq yaivttai ovovtiynoxs, alia xi xal nag av- 
to fofty cfrt to /*ef Tfiios qpvatxov, tot d& xaloma * 
ngaTieiv kxovoiwg xhv anovdaloy % ag*xij hxovoiov 
ion*, ov&tv rjvioy xal q xaxla kxovoioy aytXn * opoi- 
0g yag xal t$ xaxw vnagxn to ft* ai/To? fr tc£$ noa- 
|w xatet/uq* fr t« t*A«k 20. i£* ot/y vgntg liysjcu, 
kxovajtol uaiv al agnal • (xal yao Twy Sscw ovvcu- 
Ttoi nvg avxoiiopBy • xal x\i noiol xiytg efocti, to t«- 
los totevds n&ipe&a •) xal otf xax/atfxoisoto* avelsv • 
opotag yog. 2 it. Kpwy ph ovv n%gl xS>y ocgtriay tl- 
fqrcu t^ulx* to, xtyivog Tuny, Sxi ptoixtixtg bUsiv, xal 
iu, t|«$, itp &y t€ yivoyxai, xal oxi xoixmy nqaxxir- 
ualxal *«tf avTix^* «a* oxt&p rjfuv, xal bovoioi, 
xal ovxiag ig ay q og&hrg loyog Tigogxafy. 22. Ov/ 
opoieag $8 al ngalug kxovoioi tun, xal al Z£eig > t«> 
jucy ^ao ?roa^6C0y a» a^c /tf&oi xilovgxvgioiiopty, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



NICOMACH. LIB. III. CAP. VI. 55 

t+dortg ja xa& txaata* top &«w Si t^gaqxig * *w 
%a& Zxaqra $£ % Ttoogd-soig ov yraouiog, wgnto bz\ 
iwy uqQwQHW *M on &p qfuv f\v, ovwg, rjfitjov^ 
jo; ZQTjouifidm^ fiaTovjQ Ixovouh. 2$. *4palctp6yrt$ 
dii ti#qX bt&offli, 8?7tc3ftw, ting $U$, xal ntol nola, 
xal n&g* Sfia d' lota* dqloy xalnoqa^sioi; xalnqi- 
%ot nsol avtyfag* 

CAPUT VI 
"CHi, p& ov* fjugfans id*. H*q\ qo§ov$ $ai diffa 
*fii\ xal TtQfasQQv fifyqrw. 2*. &Q$oyjt6%ha $$, ^of- 
<m t« yofeqa • Tatix* d* iaply »g anlwg u^iiy, xa- 
xtt * &o xai tbv q>6por Sflfojrcat nqo$doxla,v xaxov. 
3. dto/foi/pfifta ovvTutrfc^T^xaxa* doy adoliay, nt- 
vlav, voqov, aytliay, davatoy • «l£ ov wc^i Tiayra 
doxet o avde&og shai* evta yao xal Hdttyop&o&m, 
xal xaliv to 5s ay, aloxoov, oloy «&>{/«*• bybtyao 
(popwiptVQg, imtutyg xal aldypw • 3 &4*i? qpo^ottr 
fiBvhg, avalaxvyiog'^iy standi vnb nv&v ay&q&og 
uata pna<poQ&v lx*W<*<j opot,6yTii$aydQ*iy eupo- 
fiog yaq jig xal o avdq&og. 4. H$vlav S* foug ov fc* 
q>o ftslo&cu, oidsvoaov, oid' oXugooc^^f). ano xaxlag 
fiT}d$ di avjov • ak£ ovti* o ntgl tavra clyopag, ay- 
dpuog. jUyopty di xal tqvtov xa& ouoivtijia * $»w» 
y«$ iv teig nolyuxoig xuifvvotg duXol omg* 4X$v&i- 
qioisioh xaXmiog xw&favw inofiol^y$vd-aQa&g t%ov~ 
oiy. 5. Oi$i dy tf tig yfloip mql naXtiag xal yvycuxa 
axtf&tai n y&QVM % %m zwy lokovjwv, dtdog tow 
ovd' h daffy*, p&hpv paortyoya&ai, avdQMog. 
6. Esq* Tfofa oiv t&y yofiiQm P qvig&ogt % hbq* toi 
piyufxai, Qv$s\gja$ v7tQpwi#&y*Q*9 w* ^*>^5v 

Digitized by VjOOQIC. 



56 ' ARISTOTELIS ETHIC. 

<pop8QMTOToy d* b&&vaxog* ndoag yog' xal ovdiv w 
Ty xi&vscJti doxii ovxt dyadbv ovxrxaxbv slvai. 
7. do&u d* Sv ovtii ittol&avaxov xpv,b navxl o ar- 
1 $quo$ tlvai - olov, el iv &aXdxrrj rj h voaotg. 8- 3 JEv 
• xlaw ovv; ij & x&ig xaXXloxoig; tomwtoi di ol & no- 
Xifiy * iv fisylaro) yao xalxaXXlartoxivtiv/to. 9. x Ofi6^ 
koyoi di xovxoig eiol xal at xtpal ai iv xaig noltoi 
xal naoa xdlg fiovagxoig. to. Kvoi&g tirj Xiyoix av 
avtiotiog o ntol'xvv xaXbv &ivaxov ads^g, xal ooa 
&avaxov inupigu vnoyvut ovxa • xowvxa di paluna 
xa xaxa nbXtpov. 11. Ov pip aXXa xal* iv &alixxp 
xal iv voootg atisng o avtio&og' ovx .otfw di wg oi 
^aXdnvoL' oi fUv yao antyvomaQh xtp af&xijgiav, xal 
xbv &avaxov xbv xoiovxov tivgxsgalvowHv • ol di, ev- 
iXmdig eun naoa xijv ifinuglav. l2. u Afia di xal av- 
tigi£ovxai, iv olg iaxirrjdXxij, ij xalbv to airo&avuv 
iv xaig xouxvxaig di <p&ooaig ovpattQOV vnigz*** > 
v * ^ CAPUT VlL ; 

To di qpofogbv ov naai fiiv xb aixb • Xiyoptv di t* 
xal vnig av&gwnov xovxo pivopv navxl (pofogbv t$» 
vovv %xovu* xa di xax av&Qomov dwtpioBi psyi&u 
xal tw fiaXXov xal tw rjrtov * bpoltog di xal tit &ct$~ 
(alia. 2- e O di avdouog, avixitXyxxog^wg av&Q9mog % 
ipofltjoBxat fth o$v xal xa xotavxa • ag tit? di, xal ig 
b Xoyog vnopevu, xov xaXov ?v$xa * rofco yag xiXog 
xijg agerrjg. 3. *Eotl di fiaXXov xal rjtxov xavxa <po- 
P&o&ar xal rrt xapfj (pofisQa, o)g xouxvxa q>o(l&o&ai* 
4> rtvsxai di x&v apaoximv y fiiv, oxi ov 6u* fj tie, 
ox* ovx wg du h ^ di, oxi oix oxb, j\ xix&v roiovtav* 
buofag di xal ntgl xa jhxffaXia. 5, *0 fdv oiv a dfy 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



NICOMACH. LIB. 1 11.. CAP. VI L 57 

xal ov twuta, wtofUvw xal tpo/fovftwog , nalig du, 
xal Sxe * bpolatg di xal &a6$wv, avdguog • xax* a$lap 
yag Mai ag Sv b Xoyog, naoxunalngamibavdg&og. 
6- TtXog di vaoyg hegytiag iaxl xb xaxit xtjv Qiv' 
xal t<5 avdgdy di ij avdgla xctloy* xowvrov dixalxb 
XbXog * op/&ra* yap sxaaxov xy t#«. iTolot) fli; lye- 
xa 6 avdguog vnop&u xal ngaxxt* xi xara Tip «*- 
df/crr. 7. ZlSy £4 vrttQpaXXovttov b uiy xy uq>o(tia, 
avmwvaog* ttgyxai d 7 iifiiv.h xoig ngoxtgov, bxmoi- 
la iaxw aytorvpa * strj d' ay xig pawopwog ij Aral" 
yvpog, u prfih ayofioixo, pj\xt otuspbv ptjxexa xvpa- 
*a, xaBamg q>aal xovg Kslxovg* b dix$<&a$$&v 
vnsgPaXXwnsgl xi q>p(kga, dgaovg. 8. Jo*& di xal 
mlaSpv elrcu b &gavvg xal ngognoirjTutbg avdglag. 
4 Jig ovv ix&vog n*gl %*<pofaga%x*h ovxmg ovxog flov* 
Arret* q>cUv€0&ar £r olg ov* divaxai, (Mfiurcu. 9. d& 
xal iuhv oi noXXol alxw &gaavd*iXoi m hxovxotgyag 
<&ga<sw6ptvob, xit ipofiega ovx vnopirovow. 10. "O 6i 
tw q>of}sio&a} vnegflaXXw, duXog • xal yag a fit} del, 
xal «$ oi du, xal nivxaxaxoiavxa axoXov&siainy' 
iXXeinu di xal t$ &ag(uv • aX£ iv xalg Xvncug vneg* 
P&llwp, paXXov xaxayavng Arc*. 11. Jvgs\mg dtj tig 
od$dbg 9 nartaybg <pofleixa* m bdiavdguog, ivartlog* 
%• yag &ag§&v evMnndog. 12. Iltgl xetixa p& ov* 
ion* o xe deiXbgxal b &gaovg xal b avdgHog* dia<po- 
gtag d* «frot/<w ngbg atrta- oi ph yag vnegfiaXXovot - 
xal iXXtlnovaiv * b6i piatag %x*h ■ *«» &g du • xal oi 
p*y \hqaaug, ngonn&g xal povXoptvoi itgbxwvxw- 
dfomv, iv ayxotg afptoxartat" oi d* avdguoi iv xotg 
tyfoig biug* ngoxtgovd* qavjcun, i3. Ka&dneg oir 



58 AR1ST0TEL1S ETHIC. 

ttgyTai, % ivb*gia psgorqg iatl nsgl &a$(alim.xal 
yoftega, iv olg ef gift at, xal on xaliv alguxai xal 
vnofifrn* ij on aiaxgop to py • %b 6' aitoxhqoxw, 
qpsvyovra ntvlav % tywza t\ u kuTtt}^, ovx avdgsiov, 
alloc pallor fcilov • ppXaxla,yagioa)wy*w w inlno- 
*<*• xal ovxou xalop, vnopivu, iXXaqxijwy xaxov. 
C1PUT VIII. 

j&fi* /ue* w**j bv&gla %<hovtqv rt. jHyojpak9**aX 
$H00t *«*« &&*( tfinoyg • ng^tov phf tf rcoAmxij • 
#/B%q%a y«0 5o«« * Sqmovoi ykg vnop&uy tovg *ir- 
dvvovzoi7toXi%(V b*ta ra 4x %iv vijtM* ixvtlpAaxal%a 
wMq %*l dti w? %kpis • xai dm xovto avdouoiatot 
doxovaui slvai,, nag olg ol ikdal inpot, ol di a*- 
dg&oiUvwwK 2. Toiovrovg di xaVOpygos novSi, 
olov t*p. diaptfin nal %bv "jSxjoga • 

novlyQ&pag poi, ngSnoe ilsyxdrp apa&r^i^ 
*al dtonr}$w % 

"jExx&g. yag nor$ ay^au ivl Tgcasoo ayogtiw, 

Tvdtidfis vn ipHo -»-.— 

3. 'Slpofonat $ avvq palarta *tj ng&rtgov slgtjpipp, 
on di agnqv yivnak' 8? alda yog * xal b*m xalov 
Sgsfrv npfe yog' xcdq>vy^v ovilAovgy cuax^ov otrio^. 

4. Ta$a* t? ax t*£ *nl novg vni i&x agxoxtw* iatay- 
*«£op&wg tig jovtq- xeijtovg 8\ oeu> ov dtalbw, 
6)!Ua fia. (fo/foif atfuo Sguot, xul qwbyovttg, ov to «£> 
GXipVy iXla to lynygo* *> otpaykitovw yig ol xvgtot, 
Sgmg o "j&twg * 

"O* H x fywy aTiwtzy&t p&m$ nwoaoxta vorjata, 

~ •—• ov ol -*- 
"Aqxiop too&iai qyvyiu* kwo?. 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



NICOMACH. LIB. III. CAP. VIIL 59 

6. Kal ol irgogianortsg, xav avaxotQwai, Tvniovi$g' 
to avio dg&oi xal ol itgo r&v latpgw* xal tmv %ou>v- 
twv nagaiaiiorttg* naytig yag avayxa£ovor del &' 
oi 6* avayxijy avdotlov tivai, al£ oit xalov. 6. dor 
xu de xal t) iunttgta q iugl Zxaoia avdgla ng «??«** 
o&sv xal o Utoxgaixg tprj&t] tikoiynnv/vivat zip ay- 
dglav. Toiovroi Si allot uh> iv allotg • & tote nol*+. 
ftixo?? £' oi argaiuoiai • dox& yag elvat nolla xtva 
iov noldpov, aualuna owswgaxaow ov%oh Vaivov- 
Ttu dri.avdo&oi , oiiovxVaaaiv ol allot ol&4ew. 

7. Mia noiTjoai xal fif) na&uv uaUaia dvvanai hi 
iqg ifinsiqiag, xa* q>vXa£ao&a* xalnonfeat, dvvmp** 
vol ZQW&ai iotg onloig * xal loutvia fyovug, bnoloy 
av efy xal ngog ib noitjaat xal ngog to [ty na&uv 
xoartora. &."Jlgntg ovv avonlotg fanUopivok paxo*- 
tcm, xal a&lriTal Iduniaig. Kal yag> tv iotg, loiayioig 
aywtv oix ol avdgtiiiaiot ftaxipfiiaioL slaty ,. a}£ 
oluahora iax^ontg xal ta omfiaza agima tfoovug. 
9. 01 aroarmxai de d$dol ylvovtat, oiar i)7t*giei*# 
o.xlvdwog, xal Itinaviaiioig izli}&eai xal iotg naqa- 
axsvalg* ngixok yag (pevyovai* ladenoinwapfaoy- 
Ta a.no&vr\axu • onto xccnl t$ 'Eopaly <swrifh\ • tots 
piv yag, aloxgbv, to qpevyuv xal 6 xtavaiogitisJOt- 
aping o&irigtag alg*i&i8gog>' ol di xal & agxng bm- 
wvsvov h &g xgdrtovg one?* yvovng dAqpwyovok> iov 
Savaiov uaXlov iov aioxgov awfiovptyto- b d 3 iv- 
bpuoq, oy roioviog. 10. Mai w 4N//*o*> te ivil in* 
uvtyiav foupigovaw * avSgHot yag that doxovat xal 
ol dia &vuoy t &gn$g ta. frqgia tol robs ig&oanag 
ViQQUtvot, oux&loiavdguQt&vpoHdug* iiywui- 

Digitized-by VjOOQIC 



00 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC. 

xaxow yag o &vpog ngbg xoig xwdvvovg \ o&tr xal 
"OpilQog' 

— a&hog typed* &vp$. 
xal, 

— fiivog^ xal&vfnv tysige. 
*(*h — jQifiv d* ava (bag fUvog. 
xal, 

— ffeaey alfia. 

narta yag ra xowvxa eotxt atjuaTvuv xyp xov &u~ 
ftov fytgotv xal oQiifr, if. 01 fdr ovv avdg&ot, dii 
to xaXbv ngaxxovotv o di Sv/ibg ovxsgytl atrrotg- 
xa &rjgld di diaXvnfjy dia yag to nXtiyrjvat ^ «o- 
f*&m> iml a\ ys tv Zl v $ fr tin $, ov ngogtg XW - 
w ; ov d V iaT » ^dg&a 9 *$ in aXyydovog xal &v- 
pov&tXawoiitvangbgxbvxlvdvvor ogrfv, ovdbxmv 
&Bivm> ngoogwvxa- httl ovxu yz'xav ol ©Vo* avdq&oi 
*v thv nuvmvxtg- xwixofisvoiyag ovx ayioxavxaixyg 
rofitjg • xal pi poi X o\ di xalJia rrjv ht^vfdav toI- 
f^ga noUa dgtioiv. 12. Ov dtj ovv itrnv avdgtla xa 
6i aXyfidovogy & Vf tov mXawofitva ngbg xbvxivdv- 
W q>vajxanixfj di soixev tj dia xbv dvphv slvai, xal 

ItOOcXaStMlMlt irnnt*ln»ivi<u «***} »i ~T. i' a . . • t - * 




o loyog, alia dia xo na&og- naganXfaov 5* frowl 
xi ; 13. Ovdi di, of •vOn** oW*r, &vdgiioi- dta yag 
xo noUaxig xal noXXovg vrnx^xtoai, ^aSSovqivb 
x<*g xivdvro* JTagSuoioi di, SxiS^m tatfaUo** 
«U ©* fiev avdg&ot dia xa itgotymdva &a^aXio^ 



> y Google 



NICOMACtL LIB. III. CAP. IX. 01 

ol 3* dta to otea&at xqdttovg tlrcu xal pyto* ar**- 
na&4tv. 14. Toiovtqv de nokovfr xal oi pi&voxop*- 
vof tvihndsg yaq yivortai* itav di ainoig py ov/i- 
Pji joiavja, ytvyovoiv ' avtiqtiov d 9 rp, tit <poft$qa 
av&qvxtm ovia xal yairopwa vitopiyuv, St* xalov 
t xa% aioxqbv, to pij. 1 5. ^ao x«* avbquoiiqov dox& 
thai, to |k Tb*£ ahpridtoig qiofioig aqtopo* xalaraqa- 
XOP tlvai, ij h xoig nqodyioig • anb Qevff yio pai- 
Xor, ■§ xa» oTi qtroy ix naqaoxtv^g* to ttoojpayjj pb 
yaq xax i* loyurpov xal Xoyov tig nqofkonp • ia d' 
i£aiq>rrig xaxa xrp 8f*y. 16- Idvtyeio* & <palpovta$ 
xal ol ayvooyvxtg, xai uatv ov no$$to twtvtlnifap* 
X*Iqovgd*,ootp al/upa older fyovaw ixuroi di* d$o 
xal fUvoval thy a xqivov ol d* qixaxtiiUvot, lav yvu- 
air oxt txtqov, ij vnomtvomoh (ptvyovaiv • omq, ol 
jtqytiot hta&ov mqmtoovxtg toIs Aaxtaaw, vg 2*- 
*vtorlotg. 17. 0% xz dij avdquot sXquvhu nolol xmg, 
xal 6*i doxovrtig ivtytloi. 

CAPUT IX. 
Jleql &a$6ti de xal yofiovg y av&qla ovaa, ovx 
ofiolug nnql auq>& toxlv, ilia ualXoy ntq\ xa <pofb- 
oa* o yaq h xovxoig axaqaxog xal neql xav& *>g del 
e*X&v, avbotlog ualloxyfi o mql xa &aq$alda. 2. T$ 
dij top Ivnyqa vnopivuv, &g tVotita*, ay&q&ok liyov- 
TOi* dii xal.toilvnov h avdqla, xal dixalag bia&H- 
xak % /aAcmmoo)' yaq xa XvTt^qa imofibuv, ij xmr 
r\ditav anixM&ai. 3. Ov py* alia dofruv iV ilratto 
xati tip avtyiav tiXog ifiv m vnb x&v xvxXy6*i,aq>a~ 
vl&o&ar o\ov xal iv rolg yvpvtxolg ay&o* yhttat * 
tdig yaq nvxtaig to ph tilog rfiv> ov frtxa, b oti- 

Digitizedby KjO 



02 ARISTOTBLIS ETHIC. ' 

tpavog xal at rtpal* to fle tiimaJHu aXyuvbv, iforsQ 
aagxtroi, xal Ivnrjgbv, xal nag o novog * dta Si to 
noXXot Tttvr thai, pixgov 0* to ov evsxa, ovdsv rjdv 
q>alvtrai Sfrew. 4. 2# 9y rotovtov 4<m xal to ntglTr\v 
&*9giav, b fiiv &aratog xal ra rgavfiara Ivnygit tw 
avdgtito xal Stxoru IVrot*- indpivti W aura, oxi xa- 
ibv, % btt alaxgbv to py • xal oa<f avuaXXovT7]vaQS- 
rr P %#V nacav, xal tvdaipoviortqog y, fiallov btl tai 
Gavtmu Ivnwtttai* tw toiovtw yaq (laJuata tyv 
afro*, *«} ovtos usyiattov iya&mv anocfrsqeirm «2- 
&#g • Xvm\gbv 9i rovxo * tUl' ovdijr i^rro? avdg&og • - 
low? fle xa* pallor , an to & rf<5 TtoXificn xctXbv art 
ixtbtov algeirat. 5. OvW 6^ ^ aflrcioatg Tofe aoerats 
*o *}£&)? ivcgy&v vnaqxu, 'Klip $ty ooov rov riXovg 
icpmitmai* 6. Stgaruotag 9* ovdsv totog x&Xvujifi 
toig roiovtovg xgatlotovg sheti' aXXit xovg nxxovpkv 
ivdqsiovg, alio ti* aya&bv fiydev fyovxag • hotpot 
yaq ovxoi ngbg xovg xwdvvovg, xal xbv (ttov ngbg}u- 
xga xigdfi xaxallaxxovxai,. 7. ITegl piv ovv avdgiag 
inlxotjovrov ugr)o&to- xl & y iaxlv, ov x^Xinbv twkq 
ft ntqiXafiuv in x&v tiqtipivatv. 
CAPUT X. 
Mtta ds xstixip nsgl iJoxpooavrr]^ Xiytopet' tioxov- 
uiyag twv aXeyuv psq&v aviat elvac at agexaL "Or* 
ftcv ow i*wtr)g iotl niglydovag y awpqoovvri, cTgf}- 
xatifguv yxxor yaq xal ovx bpofag ion ntglxaglv- 
nag • iv xovtoig dl xal y axolaoia (pahexat. Ueql 
nolag ovvx&v rj&ovwv, rbv dyoqfowfitv. 2. diygrjo&a)- 
oav 9i at yntfwecrt *ul at o&fiuTcxal' olov (piXonpla, 
qxlopaxhut • htattgog yaq xovtw x<*fy*h w 9*^i?t<- 



NICOMACU LIB. 111. CAP. X. 03 

xog iatcv, ovdey naaxortoq rov aoiftarog/ iXXi fiaX- 
Xov tiqg diavoiag* of di ntgl tag to$avtag^doyagov^ 
it obxpQoveg ovts axoXaatoi Xiyortar opolwg di oif 
ol ntgl rag SlXag, oaai fi^ acopatixal uoC* rovg yitg 
(pdopv&ovg xal duiyrpixovg xal mgl tah tvxoytaw 
xatdtgjpoytag rig ypigag, adoXioxovg, axoXdotovg 
d ov Xiyofisy • oidi rovg Xvirovfdvovg iltl x^Vpaoaf 
% qrtXoig. 3. Htgl di tag otofiatixag ttr} 3r r t oaxpgo- 
cvvn • ov naoag di oidi tavtag • ot yag zalovyttf 
toig did tyg oipeag, olor ;r£<u/tiaoft*a» ax^ftaat xal yov- 
q>v, ovt* owpgoytg otrrs axoXaoxoiXtyovrai" xal to* 
dohuv Bv ttvat, xal ug du x<*Iquv xal tovtotg, xal 
xux? vnsgfioXrp xal eXXeupiv. 4. 'Opting di xal b>Tolg 
mgl t%v dxorjy • Tovg yag imgfepXripiytog xctlgovtag 
'piliow t} inoxfylou ovdilg axoXdotovg Xiyw oidi 
rovg mg tie}, owygovag. 5. Ovdi tovg ntgl tyf oopyy, 
~nXyy xatd ovpptpr\xdg • tovg yag xutyortag firjXmv $ 
$6dw jj ^vfiiapdxwv oofiatg ov Xiyopsy axoXdorovg • 
iXXa fiaXXov rovg pvga>v xal Si/mv ' x<*igovoi yag tov- 
roig ol axoXaatoi, on dta tommy avauytjeig ylvttou 
auTots *wy im&vptitfuv. 6. "idol d' ay ug xal tovg 
iXXovg otocv ituv&oi £a/0oirag * a *S T *>v pgufidruy 
hapaig • to di ioiovtoig xctig^r, axoXaotov • tovrtp 
yag. im&vfifita tavta. 7. Ov* tat* di oidi toig aX- 
loig %dbtg xara tavrtxg tag alo&qoug rjdoyfi, nXrjy 
xata &Vfipsflrfx6g • oidi yag raig oofiatg r&y Xaymty 
at xvvtg x<*lgovoiy, dXXa tjj dg<a<m * tip d' afo-ihioi* . 
f) oofii] ^nolrjosv * ovdi 6 Xitay tjjj <p&yjjj rov flobg, aX- 
Xi rrj ido)$f) • ot* 6k iyyvg fort, b*ia tiqg opwvrig goto* 
to, xal xaignv dq ravrjj (palmar bpolmg di did* 

Digitized by. VjOOQIC 



M ARJSTOTBUS ETHIC. 

idwy 1} svq&v tXcupoy ij Sygloy oily a, aXt St* fiogety 
Um. 8. Hsgl xag xowvxag dyrjdovag ^ co^ooawq 
xa* ij axoXaala ioxlv * & xat to Aotfra £«a xowewti' 
ofov iydganoStadug xal &fjgu»3ttg q>ahortm m avxat 
i* tlolv aqpij xal yevaig. 9. Qalvoyxai dy xal xjj /tv- 
atUnl uixgby ij odder zgrio&M ' trig yag ytvawg farw 
y xgioig x&y xvXcoy • oneg noiovoiy of xoig ol'yovg flo- 
xipaZovrsg, xal xa oxpa agvioyxeg* ov naru da j?a*» 
, govoi xovxoig, rj oi/ otys ixoXaoxoi, aXXa Tijf anoXaxf- 
oh, % yiysxai nana d? ctq>r\g xal to oixioig xal to no- 
xdig xal to xoig aygodtoioig Xtyoptooig. 10. Jtb xal 
ifiSaxoxig [^iXoltvog^EglltogX oipoqpayog £y 9 to* ya- 
gvyya avxtp uaxgoxegoy ysgayov ytvio&ou, 6g ijoNj- 
ptyog tJ 0917, Honorary dij xtoy ala^atw, xa& rp 
ij axoXaala * xal doltuvav dtxa/wg inoytidtcxog tlvai, 
on o&x Ji ay&gamoi iafiev, inagxn, aXtf fj Sua. 
11. To dyxoiovjoig x<*iqw xnlpnXunaayanm, <d-r\- 
guafog • xal yag al iXw&tguaxaxai> xmy dii xyg &<piqg 
fldor&y, aiptjgriyxai , olov al to xoig yvpvaoloig 8i* 
xgtytug xal xyg &eguaoiag ywopeyai' ov yog nzgl 
stav xb aay*a y xov axoXatnov *<pr}> &XXa mglxwa 
pigi. 

CAPUT XI. 

T&v d* imfrvfiwv al ph xowal doxovaiv eTfat, a» \ 

i* fttot xal M&txoi 9 olov, fjpto xyg xgoyrjg, away- i 

xq • nag yag im&vpti, oxay todeijg jj, tygag Jjvygag ' 

rgocprjg' oxi d', apq>diy xai nfytjg, a^aWOprigog, i I 

wiog xal axfuafay. 2. To di xoiagdi % xoiagfo, ovx rr* i 

nas> ovdi auy avx&y dib qfalvnai riphtgoy tlya*. J 
Ov fAfjriXX %x*> yi w *«l yvoixor- fregayag kxdgoig 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



N1C0MACH. LIB. III. CAP. XI. 65 

iarly ifi&a* xal §>«* iusw iJoVw t«v xv%oruav. 3**£y 
fiev oyy taig qpvotxalg drnfrvpiatg oXlyot ttfuxororov- 
o# ; xal iq? ** &fi %0 id&ov • to yaq io&iuy rarvxay- 
ia 7} nivtw, e<og ay v7isgnXi)a^ t vrttgftdXXsty Sail to 
xa*i q>voir tty nX^u • ayanXyovtahg yaq i^g fafclag 
ij cpvowr} inUhvuia * fab Xiyoyrat ovrotyaorgiaaqyot, 
ig naga to dioji nXrjQovyjeg avtrp • xotovroi 6i yi- 
vovtcu oi Uay avdqanodctdsig. 4. Htgl di tag Wag . 
t«v fjdov&v noXXbl xal noXXaxcog afiagTavovoi* to* 
yaq cpiXoxoiovTwy Xsyouivav, yjw /Mqw olgujM, 
% tw fiaXXov, % £>g oi noXXal, ^ (it) a>g du> % (in $ ti& 
xaxa navxa 8* oLaxoXaojo* imtg/SaXXovoi' xdlyag 
Xalqovoiy- ivioig olg oi du ' uwyTa yaq * xal cf run- 
d&zalquv. *w toiovtw, uaXXoy *} del, xal &g oi noX- 
Xol xaioovow. 5. *H pw ovy nsgltag ydoyag vnt p/Jo- 
Xr}, on axoXaaia xal yexTov fdtjXav. Higl de ric£ Xv~ 
nag oix oignsQ inl riqg aydglag, t£ vnouivuy XiytxUh 
o<&o?Q<ov • ovd' axoXaorog, rai ay •- aX£ o fiiy axika- 
OTog to» Xvnuo&ai uaXXoy i) dtl, oztt&v f}$imyoi ivy- 
X&vu ' xal irp Xvn7\v di nam avxy ij ydoyri • otf dm- 
qpgtov tw firj Xvniio&ai tJ anovala xal T<j> cfft4reo$«» 
tov ijdiog. 6. *0 pi? ovy axoXaatog toi&vpu x&vifil- 
<av navi&Vi t) tcov udXioja, xal aytxm imb%i\g fai&v* . 
fiiag * &gtt avxl x&v aXXw ravtf aio&ad'ak? fob xal 
Xvnujai, xal anowyxivw xal im&Vfipv * m«t«i Xv- 
nijg yaQ y im&vfila' b\ion<$ dse<H*stb 6k ifiovrp 
Xvnua-d-ai. 7. 'EXXibiovrtg di moi tag bdovag, xa* 
7}Xxov ii dtl x a *Q 0VTi< >> f>if navv yivovtak* av y«tf «*^ 
S-owmxri iorty. r\ jotavjij avaia&iiaias xal yaq %i 
Xomoc J«a biaxolvit %a $Q<Atiava 9f *al totg irivxvfQth 
Arist. Etmc. L E * 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



06 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC. 

toig &* ov • t* &f t« pr\Ur ttrtit ij&v x pride tiwupigt* 
ittgor higov, aof (to av tftj tov ar&gtmog ttrak • ov 
tfatvxs di btoiovtog bropatog, dia to pfjndrv yl- 
vsa&eu. 8* e £a uoMpfxav pdocag nsgi xavx i%u • ovts 
yag Jftsrai, olg pdUata o axolaatog, aXXa pallor 
Jht$x*Q*i> v **' <*>** ?l*>$ °?S M $*h oiSte 0<p6b*Qonotov- 
tfg. ov&trl, ovte anorttar Ivnuxai • oid 3 ttvd-vpti, ij 
pstglag* ovbH pallor 1} fat * ovd* otspi\ $el, ovd* olwg 
t&r totovt&r ovbtvog *' iboa H nobs iyitt&r ioxiv, r\ 
ngbg tve$lar f y&ia orta, tovtwr bgiyttav pstgitag xal 
&g dti' xal ww Hilar yfewv, pq £p7todl<ar tovtoig 
omor, r) naoctTO xalbr i} trnkg tf\r ovaictv o yag ov- 
itag %x&v pallor ayana tag toiatfxag fjdorag Tijs 
atl&g * o $e otoq/g&r ov toiovtog, All* u>g b bg&bg loyog. 

CAPUT XII. 
* JSxovaloa dl pallor- eoixzv fj .axbXaota tyg Bnltag. 
'ffpir.yag dt fi9or^r,fi di foa lv7tr\r m atr to per ae- 
gsibr, to JHyevxToy. % Ka\*\ per lv7trj ll/atijor* xal 
<p&iloet ryr tov sfrortog <pv<fvr • '% di ijdorri oib*sr to«- 
0VTtrii0t.il' pallor 6i, btovowr * dibxal inorudt- 
oiitMfor* xalyctg t&Jv&rjvai $aov ngbg avta' nolla 
yag 4r tip film tit tota&ta* xal oli&tapol, axivdvroL* 
-iJtlr&r yoptgwr d* affatalw. 3. 2to$ti&i ar ovz 
bpoiwg btovowr % dnllct cfrai ioig xa& txaator • ov- 
•ifl pir fag afomog* tavra 8fr dia IvTirjr iSlmrjow 
mgttxalta onla ^bttur xdltaSlla aaxijpovEir m Sib 
xal doxu piata strut, 4. Tm 5* axoXdotai aranalir, 
*i p&T X.O& i xaata, Sxovota^ ' irii&vpovm yag xal 
bgsyopirw* to b x olor, %tioif' dvdsig yag im&vpu 
ixiXetafog ilvat. 5. To ti* dropavrjg axoXaaiag xal 

Digitised by VjO 



NICOMACH. LIB. IV, CAP. I. 67 

tol tag nat&ixag apagilat q>igouw fyovo* fag w* 
hfioh&s^ta* noxtgov da ino notigov xctl&ta*, ovdh • 
ngog tit vv* iiayigw tirflor d\ on to $<ntgo* ano 
%av ngmigov. 6. Ovxctxag ©*' totxt pttBpnpfy&at* 
nenaXio&ai yag.de* to t&p ota/ow ogtyopwo* nal 
noXXrp uvtuaw Uxor* Totovrov Si paXuna *j im&v- - 
liia nal o ncug - x«r imdvpiav yag £&» nal to na*~ 
dia' nal paUota to tovrotg y tov $diog OQffa* 7. JB* 
ov/fir} totai svnud-sg xalvnb to agxox, &** noXv ffin* 
SnXqcfcog yog i\ tov ydiog ogefe, xalnarrazo&ty t$ 
aVoqr^' #«} ^ t^<? inrihtptag toigytia av£u to ovy- 
yeyfc * *aV peyaXa* nal atpoSgal mat, nal to? Xoytoui* 
ixxgovavai • &o &* ptrglag avtag^ 3*at nal oXiyag, - 
_ *<*} t$ Xoyo} pydev toaruovo&au. 8- To jSI Totovrov 
ev7ra£e? Xiyoftsv nal wnoXjourfibov wgnsg yag w 
isalS* dst xcna to ngogtayfia tov itdrtaywyov fijy, 
o4hr& «ai to im&vpr}TLxbv xata Toy Ao/oy. 9. ^*i del 
lovwpQWog to imfrvpfpixov irvpawviiv r$ X6yy 
cftonbgyagapfyol* to judo?. jKa* imrfrvpu o owygav 
wy d&, nal Sg d& 9 "nal ore • ovf a> W rarift nal 5 Ao- 
?df •' 10» T«vt ovv i\piv ugqa&n ntgl o»q>goavrrig. 



L r B E R IV. 

CAPUT I 

jLiyvsptv tf V&$ mgiiXsv&sgt&triToe. doxei 9i ebai 
negi XQi}{i(*x<x pio6tv\g • frtmv&tou yag o SXev&igiog, 
ovx to Totg noXffuxdlg , ovd 1 to o\gb owygwv, ovti* 
av to to?? no town*, aXXansql doow XQVfiunov xctlXri- 

E2 



OS ARISTOTBLIS ETHIC. 

ifw ' potto? 8* h rjp doou. 2. Xgtjpata di Xiyoptv 
itwna oamv 4 &&* vophp&n peiguTat. 3. "jBexi di 
nal q aoania, nal q ivtXtv&egia negl ZQqpaT* vhtg- 
floXal nal iXXttyeig • nal tip i*h> artXtv&eQiamQoga- 
moftsv mhH rdig fiaXXov ^ du nsgl zgypata anovdi- 
iovat • tip f iowriarimqUgoptv 4viot$ ovpnXinoirns 
%otg auoXaoroig • tow yog axgarug nal eig anoXaot- 
at danaytjgovg aamtovg %aXovp$r. 4. dnnalyavli- 
taroi doxovow «7jw noXXag yao apaxanlaq i/ovaiy. 
Ov dq oimto? noogayootvoirtau- 5. Bovleiou yog 
aamtog Ana i h t$ nanov ifraw, to <p&slgny t^* ov- 
oluv • aoartog yap o &i dvxov anoXXvutvog * doxu di 
antoXna tig aitov drai nal q trig oiraiag y&ofa, ttg 
tov fjy Sia rovtpy ortog' ovxw dq tip? aomiapinds- 
%6fu&a. 6. Jlr di km XQ^laxtg, twxtxovxoig xgyo&at 
nal ev nal naxig. c O nXovxog 6i knixSnr xgvoift&v. 
f £xaeT(ti t* agusxa j?W*b* 6 Mzw *n* mgl inaaxap 
aqnyv • nal nXovxy dy jfofloera* Sguna o ifrw* iffy 
mglx* qgypaxa agixtjv * gvtog di i&xir o iXtv+Hotog. 
7. Xgyoig d* thai doxu zgflfiarwp daitapti nal diet f 
t; di Xfufttg nal ij yvXaxy xxtiatg uaXXor. 4tb paXXov 
iaxi xov 4Xev&$aiov xo didovai olg dsi, y Xctfi{iavt& 
o&tp dti, nal ph Xappavsw Z&$r ov du' T^ff'aotrJjj? 
yog fiaXXov xb tv now* ij to wnaazw, nal xa naXa 
ngaxxnv naXXov, ij xa aioxQot fiy nganeiv. S. Ovx 
tidf)Xoi> di*, on ijj per doatt hzejai to tv noi&v nal to 
noli nqavEV» % tJ Si lityu to cv itaoyiw, % fitj ai- 
oxgonoiuv • nal y X*QW *<? dtdortt, ov i$ pq Xapfia- < 
vorti* nal o tnawog di paXXor, 9. Kal 6ao* di to fiy 
. Xappavnv tov dovvat* to yag otnuouijttor noottr- 
* . - 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



NiCOMACH. LIB. IT. CAP. I. 6f> 

ta$ ftaXXor, fj ov Xapfiiyovoi to aXXorgtoy* 10. XW 
iXtv&ioio* Si Myoma* oi StSomg • oi Si py Xaufla- 
vorrtg ovx efc iXcv&tgwrrjta toaiyovrtat* «AA* oix 
fao* slg Sutawovyrir. iU Oi Si Xapflayoyttg oibn ' 
ipmafovrtat now • ydo&vtat Si ox*Shr paXunv oi 
&$v&igtot tmy an agttfig • wpiXtfioi yog • tovto Si 
ir tp Soon. 12. AL Si xat igvtip ngaZug'xaXal, xal 
tov xaXov $rexa, xal o iXtv&igtog ovr Smau tov »a- 
Xov §v€xa xal bg&wg • olg yog S&y xal ooa, xal o%$, 
xaltaXXa ooa tn nott tn og&jji Soou* 13. Xal tavta 
i\Sfag % aXvn&g - to yog xat agetip i}Sv Jq uXvnoy, 
fauna Si Xvnugoy. 14/0 Si StSovg olg py Sit, % pi|, 
tov xaXov &exa, aXXif Sta twa aXXqr alitor, ovx 
iXzv&igwg, aXXit SXXog tig fad^o***** * *vS 3 o Xvny- 
gmg' palXoy yog iXotz aytaxgnfMnat^gxaXiligngoy* 
i&og" tovto S' ovx &$v&*giov. 15. OiSi Xyyrtai b% 
o&evjtfj Sit* ovSi yao lot* tov py ttftowtog to xg'k* 
patafi totavt^ Xyfig. 16. Ovx ay tiif Si, ovr aiit)- 
tixog* ov yao Am tov ev notovytog ti/xsowg svsgy*-? 
tuo&ai. i7. "0&*p Si SbI, Xtppstai* olov uno zavidi- 
my xtvfiat^y, ovx igxaXoy, aJU' a\g avayxaioy, onwt 
sxp StSoyw ovSi apeXijoH wv ISiay, ftovXouwog y% 
Sta tovtory tioly inagx&v ovSi tolg tvxoiok Stiatt, 
tva *xji StSoyatotg Su, xal ite, xal ov xaXoy. I8.'l&eu- 
dsglov Si ear* oyoSgaxaltb vmgflaXXety h tp Soon, 
mgte xataXihtuv ictvjo* iXdrua • to yog pi) inijSXinuw 
i<p iavtbp, iXwfaoiov. 19. Kata tip ovoiav S^ 4 
Hsv&tQioiTjg X&ytta** ov yao 4* ty nXytkeiwy S*So- 
fisrcay to iXtv&igtor, txXX* iv tjjj tov StSoytog s$c»* 
avtq Si xatit tip ovoiav SiSvow ovSh Si xmXw 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



70 AMSTOTELIS ETHIC. 

' iXsv&tQKateoo* slr*t> toy Ta 4Xirtm didovta, iivino 

oi* oi fit) ttya&funHH, aXkk naeaXafioyrtg tip ovoiav 
anetgai te yaq tt)q todtlag* *al narug ayaft&atfial- 
Xov t« avT&p %gya , agntg oi yovug «oi oi lEpwftal' 
nXovTUv d* pv ^(or toy iXsv&igior, pyxe Xynrtxbr 
on a, jtijT* qntXauux&r • nqotttxbv d$, *<x» fii) tqi<ana 
Bt ctvra ta xWfM»*<*> &X£ «>«*« tyg doatvs. 21- Jib 
x«* fy*aJlitou Tjf Tt#ij , ot» ot fialurta a$to* oytcs 
jfptujta nXovvevau 2vpflah>u d* oix aXoymg tovtq • 
ov yao oloV T« xgypaj Ijw /t*j imptXovp&oy, 3&&g 
qXH % wgitto ovdeinl t&w flAAwv, 22* Ov fMjp owore* ye 
oI( ov tfw, ovo° ore /t*i? fat, ovd' oaa a'Aila Towwxa* 
ovyao aV rr* ngaxxoi xaxa tij* £Uv#f(>iOTi?Ta • *a* 
efc TavTavvaXaow;, ovx AV ^fo», 4$ « &*, ayaM- 
ffxttv. 23/lft$?*0 yae efy^Taij Ueufrigiog law b*a~ 
to t^v ovular dautenav, xal tig a du* o Si vntofiak- 
Xmv, iiawrog. dio %oig Tvgvwovg oi Uyopiv aaw- 
T6vc • to yao aA^o? «J^ *ri}ff«co£ oi 6ox& $(fdwv 
that, rcug dootoi xal twig danivatg IntQflaXlziY. 
24. Tijg iliv&tQtojqTog dq (itvoxyTog ovoyg mql 
XQrjftaTav doQiv xal iv^tw, o iXtv&ioiQg xal dwraxai 
danuvqau ug a du xal boa $u, opoitagiv fitngolgxal 
ptyaXoig, xml tavxa rjdioag' xalXipftsTai b&tv &&, xal 
Sea &$• T^ff a^«T^ yap neolttftipio ovoijg fi&jOTqToq, 
■ iroitiasi ifiq>6tega wg fel* meiatyag tp 4maut&S6- 
cu r)Totavrt) Xyytg* i) $* pij routx/Ty, 4vwtia knlv. 
Alfiiv ovv taoftwat ylyvovrcu opa Ivry av?$' at 5s 
ivavi'wiy di\Xov &g ov. 2&.'Eav di naoi jodsov xal 
to nal&g tyo* avfifiaiyg avowal Iqxw, kmii&jpn- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



NICOMACH. LIB. IV. GAP. I. H 

w* ftngk)g ds, nal ig At*. 7$jg afttqg 700x0* nd+* 
o&** xal Ivw&a&tu, iyolg hi notl a* dtL 26. -JCtil 
ei*OHwyi)TQ$ d ? iarlv o Uw&igtog dg Xfphp**™ ' ***** 
vend* yog a&x&afrxt, py tiptop y% tit ££*#*«*«« 
27. JCal pillar <xr#ojtwos, '& *> &'©*> [*V aWAw*** 
jq famovptvog, u pt% dior ti&vaX&oe, xaX tm Jftpttvl* 
Jhj vvx aQurxopevog. 28. % f aewo? xai iv tovxo$g 
drnpugtayu* wti yio %6tx*i>'itj> olg 6&o$n ig dti, 
oure Ivnurau. 29. "JBmou di ngotovtH yavtgtoiigov* 
EtQTtnu <T ypiVi oxtvntg^oXtd xai lUe/ytt? «Jo*vi| 
imnla xai «j atfAn/ifcola xai At-otaix, v *r d«KJM xal 
Ifow xai tyr dandrriv yitg tig tip dooir tl&sptn 
c Hph ovv Utopia t$ Mown xai py Xetpftdyttrintg~ 
paXln, t$ di lapfiaMur iXXdtttt- r) Si ivtleit&tgi* 
*4> &4&&PM piv illdxu, t<J> IctftP&vetv d' intgfhxXXti, 
Klip fai pixooi?. 30. 76 /ue* o3? *$$ iemtiag 6i n&- 
rv ovftfucfotai- ov yog ftfiiov, pf}Sdpo&tr Xapfia- 
rovra n&o* Mirai • taxing yitg ijtdeint$ ij ovola iovg 
Mimag iduotag* oftno xctldoxovoiv Somci elra*. 
31. 3 ^r«* oyt tomwto? W$a* £V oi ptxoy fleltlow eP 
xa* tot; amiUf IHpov * tvlatog u yog ioti xai vftb 
tip yXtatiag xai vnb tyg inpgittg xai tn\ to pioov flv- 
xara* &£f?x * t#« y«fi t« rov iXtv&tQlcrv • xai yag 
foduw/xalov Xaftpwe** ovtstCQov d' mgdti, oid* tv 
~ uSy tovio i&w&tir}, ij itwg tilXag ptrxxfiaXXoi, tftf 
ax ilev&iouig * dwsti yig olg M 9 xai ov XrjWtat, 
o&ev ov fat* fob teal Bonii cix tlvm (pavXog to y&og * 
ov yog poz&viQov &vdi iytwovg to vntoflaXlsiv Bir- 
dirt* xai pti lapflavorta, ijli&lov Si. 32. "O W »ov- 
tw Toy to6nov aowtog nolv do*& (kXtfov toi aV*» 

* 



n * ABISTOTBL1S ETHIC. 

Uv&fyov shaif (ki ts 3:0 ugfjfdva xal otto pfr&p*- 
h& noXXovq 4 o $t ovdtvct, aXX ovSi avxor. 33» j&£ 
ol noXXol tw iauxw, ttm^img tZgytai, xal Xapfii- 
vovoir, o&BTfifi d&, xaisiatxata tovto avtUv&egou 

N 34« Aqittixol $& ylvoxtai, ika to fiovXav&at fih awa- 
Uaxtw, tvxtyus 8* tofrtQ notup pq dvvuo&cu- raxv 
yitg imXstoti avtovg rot vnctoxovta. *A#ayxi&rsa* 
ovp kjifya&sv noqitw afia de xaidti to fitfdtw toi' 
maXov tpoomiCw, Htymgmgxal nivto&jsv Utfifiavav- 
av didivat yag iTufrvftovoi* • to di it£>g, ijf xo&s*, 
Qvdsr aitolg btaadgu* 3&> duvihg ovtii iXev&dgio* 
al doostg avtmv tigiv * ov yog xaXal, ovdetoviov av- 
%ov irsxa, ovdi wg d&\qtX£ iviore, ovg dun&so&eu, 
totiTOvg nXovoioyg ntyovat, xal to%g fiir pstglotg tat 
iqfrr\ ovdiv av dolw toig $e xoXebv, ijf ttva aXXf^p 
ydovijv 7ioqI£qv<ji, noXXa. dw xal anoXmoto* avttav 

, tlaiv ol noXXoi- eix&gwg yug ayaXlaxomg xal ug tag 
itnoXaalag dawavfigoi iloi t xal dta to py ngogtoxa- 

. Xqv Spy* nghg tag qdovitg anoxXlvovow. 36. 'O juisr 
ovv cxtfwrqy anaiAay&ymtog ywoptvog, tig Totvtapt- 

' taflalvti' tvxmv 3' impsXtidg, dg to frioov xal to 
Hiov aatfxori av. 37. 'm$' uvtX*v&sgia aviatog totr 
doxu yag to .yqgag xal uaaa adwafila avtXtv&igovg 
noisiv,, xal ovpoyviot$gov tdlg av&gwto*g tqg aou- 
tlag • ol yag noXXol xptkozgqfjuxtot paXXov, *7 datmoi. 
38- KaldtaTtivn 8$ inmoXv, xalnoXvudig iati" «oA- 
lol yag tgonot doxovat *qg aytXsv&tolag elrai* 4* 
dvolyao ovaa, *jj tt iXXskf/utTjs doostagxaltfj vtibq- 
fioXfi tqg Xrjymg , ov naotv bloxXyyog nagayivstou, 
a)£ ivloti XUQ&W *«* ol fiiv t$ Xyyu vTrtofiaX- 



, y GooQle 



NICOMACH. LIB. IV. CAP. I. 73 

Xovow, oi Se rf} boon JXXehrovctr. 39. Oi fib y&$ to 
%mq totavtavg nqogriyooiaig, otora*ufaXo\, yUaxQot, 
xlpft&tg, narttg tjj Soon iXXeinovat* tar 8i «Ua- 
tgimr ovx&pisvra*, ov&i (hvXovtmt Xappartw oi ph 
did turn fattlnuarxal *vla0swnr wr aUrXowr* (do± 
xqvav yitg svioi ij.<paol ye diet tovto tpvXajttir, Xva 
py not* ivayxao&Soiv miaXQow ti nqatai • tovt»v dl 
THtl b *iffuvomfioTf}S, xal 7tu$ b toiovtos • mtopaotai 
de ano it}g vTtpqpoXi^g tov ftii&erl $p tiovycti) • oi d* 
avs ,8iit ipofiow otjrdxonat, tar aXXotolar , ag oi £$- 
dtoy to avxbr juy tit hiqar Xafifiartw, tit ds avtov 
kiiqovg ntf' aqvoxtt ovr avtoig to fifoe XapfiavHr 
pyre Stdovat. 40. Oi d* av xctta tyr Xyyir wto/taX- 
Xovo* t$ ndrxo&w XapQimw *al nar* olor oi tag 
uvtXw&dfovg tyyaolag tyyatopevoi, xalTtooyofioaxol, 
nal nanig ol toiovtoi, xal toxurtal > nal ta fiutqa 
tn+poXXia * nierttg yaq ovxoi o&tv oi dsiXofiflarov- 
ah *<*} buooov oi du. 41. Koivbv 8' in avtoig 4 
aleZQOxtydeia qpetfvetat * narttg yaq I'ytxa x4q8ovg, xal 
tovtov (uxqov, ovtidi} iitopirovai. 42* Tovg yitq tit 
ftsyaXct, pi) o&ev 8u, XapjJarovtag, firj8e a du, oi8i 
Uyoptv avtUv&iqovg • olov tovg tvqdvvovg noXug 
noq&ovvtag xal isqa ovXarrag* aXXitnov^qovg pitX^. 
lor xal aotflug xal adlxovg. 43. *Opiv toixvfiiytfig, 
xal b Xa>7todvTiig, teal b Xyoxrig, tar iveXev&iqwv d~ 
air • alozQOxtqd&g yaq. Kiq8ovg yaq tvtxa ap^ore- 
Qomoaypoyisvonat, xal or sidy vnojttdvovot* nal oi 
fib xiydvvovg tovg fuylatovg Ivtna tov Xijppatog * 
ol 8s inb tmv opihav xsydaiyovoiv , olg d& tiMrW 
&IMjpQTiQot dn o&bvqv 8u f ntsobalvur fiovXofttvOh ff* - * 

Digitized by VjOOQJ£ 



74 AftlSTOTEHLIS ETHIC. 

axgouegd&g. K<*1 nousai dy «f *oj«2?«t Ajy*i$ watov- 
&6QQi. 44. Ebtonog d$ tp &9v(hQto**ip* oytiev&SQia 
toardoy Xiytxw /$&{iv te yag ion uanow wj$ ooth 
tlag, *al paXXor ial tavttjv miagxivovaw, y uari 
*n* tex&&*** aatnktr. 45. ITegl pto aw iXev&egto- 
tyros *a* tip irtmufihwv xaiuiy toauvi eXgi)o&&. 
* CAPUT If. 
'46tst*~$* Sr a*6Xov&or elvm x*i KtplpfyiOMloTrp*- 
*%/«£ $&&&».' Sonet yig nal airy mgl jrpqeterra t«$ 
frftri) tl?ci • ov/ ««?*«£ £' '/ fiUvd"ty*dTij£ dtetveton 
negl naoatg tag to %q junta* ngo&Hg, iXXit itegl rig 
krnnavtigag popov* to tovxotg d* imgix u ™fc &r0- 
&tgi6tiiTog peyi&tf xa&anzQ ymf toiropu aittb 
vnoarjpaivti, to peyi&eingeTtovoaddTTnPijiati. 2» To 
dipiy*&og ngog w ov yog to avtb daniptipa Tpiij- 
gngXV *<** *igx*&**W* tb ngfoop df) ngbg avtor, 
n<*l to y, *at a. 3. *0 $» topixgoig rj to pergiotg not 
i&tuv dwtap&p ov Xdyexa* peyaXongertyg* olor to, 

— - — HoXXixi doanop otXfjty - 
iX£ o to peyaXoig, ovtog • o pto yig ptyaXongmtig, 
iXev&igu>$* o de iXev&igtog ov&h paXXop-ptyitXo- 
ngtnyg. 4* 7%g rowityg d 3 f£*a>£ fj pto tXXufig pin 
xgongtotewt mtluttu* y d* fmegfhXij ftotpavola xal 
amigoxaXla, nul ooai totavtai ov% vmgPaXXovaai 
. ** peyi&ei negl a del, «X£ to ol$ oi du xai&g ov 
del Xapngvpoptvcu, "Trtegop di negl avtav igavpep. 
&/0,de peynXongenng inurvrjpopi tomt' tbngixop 
yig dvrutai &eugnocu, xai dfimavfyai peyaXa ip- 
ptX&g. 6. "Jlgneg yig to igxy tihtopep, tj IS*c, tcSg 
totgyeiaig oglfaat, rtaiw law* al de tov fieyaXo- 

, " - Digitized by VjOOQIC 



' NICOMAXB. LIB. IV* CAP. II. 7» 
ngeitovg dan&vai psymlaiMal nomoyaau Itoa&xm 
dn *cd ** toy a* ovtw ^f9 fora* uiya faaayifyta xal 

nq&nov t$ fyy<o •- <2$Te to /*«y tqyov vyg danavrjg a£*er 
£& «&<*** tij* & danaviiv tov tyyw, q xal vntofiaX- 
luv. *7« dmavfau Stj %a votavra & p*yuk<mQmyz 
roxt xalov Kvtxa* xowbv ya$ tovto ta%g ccfmxfo 
8. Kal m n§mg xal nqomxig • *j /if axqi^oXoyim 
IMHQonQsmg* 9. JK«4 TOfc-xcuUtaror tffttffocaa&jwv- 
rev, axifan av pallor, % itoaov, *a*ma$4XaxfatQV» 
10. jtvaynafov dij xal iliv&ioko* «©v peyaAoaomi 
e2>«**~ y&» y«o o iUv&tyiog danavyou a $w, *ai £& 
M' 8* TovTotg fl« rbfdya rov ptyaloffymoig, oUp 
p£y$&og* &*$ xavTK t%$ iXtv&eQtQiriJog owt}s, xal 
anb -r>\g fa^g fomaxw ib toyov im#t<m (uyotioTtQ*- 
tugtbqov • ov yaq f) av%n «f tirif xiiftiaxog xalloyov 
xTtUtupe* yaq -vbvluaxov «£*0# *a* t^wutotiov, old? 
jfgvaoV tqyov b*t, tq ftiya *ml xaXov * %ov yitq tqwv- 
top tj &t(a$la &avpot(rty • %b $& {uyaXonotnes &ctvfta.- 
otov ' xal law vottn May ay fityalo^ointia Iv psyi* 
-de*. 11. "Moil 6& tiv danavf)paTW 9 ola l*you*v t« 
ilfua, olov %a 7i«ot toi/$ #eot>$ ayad-qpviTcx *«* *a- 
Taoxroatxa* &voiw bpofag di xal oaa ntgl nav to 
dcupiviov, xal Sua nfbg %bxoivov tv<f>doxljjLr}i<iioTur, 
olov & nav X9Wy&* olovtm deb lapnoag ^ Tf»q- 
qoqX&v *l *«• fcroay t^v 7ioAtr. l2*'Mv await d' <3$- 
two ti'iqTa*, jco^ jc^o$ tov T^OTToyxa ayaqpqpmtt to 
t/v «V xa* T«y«v vJiao^oyTwy* o|*a /a^ da? joyta* 
thai, xal fiti povov t$ toyta, akXa xal t$ xoiovvtt 
noinuv. 13. Jwniv^g^xv ovxaev tit) pttyakonqm^ 
ov yap ionv up wv nolla danavyau n$e7t6nw£ * o d 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



n ARlSTOTBLISBTifie. 

piMQ&r tlbog Up, Sri ikattivw luvxo* «£tot * xalpa- 

Xtaxa £r dobtt* o fityaXvt a£to$ • xl yaq &v btolu, 

t»pfj Twoitwrijy aliog? S^Edtidij^tyaXoifwxog tw 

fie* ptye&ei Sxqog • rw 6i wgdu, jxiaog * tov y«0 xar 

a|/«v lavrir alto** of d' vmpfiaXXovot xal iXXsiTTov- 

aw. 9. |K & fli/ (ityaXwv havxbv u£io7, cc*iog Sv, xal 

pilumfk&v psfiatw, mol fv udXiard SvsTij. lQ.'H 

d' atltt iiytrai nqbg tit ixrbg iya&a* giiyunov ds 

tovt or fytirjpsv, o Tolg&ioig aiKovipopzv, xalovyd- 

luna tylirm dip aSu&pun, xal to ^r» to?$ xaU/- 

o*o*$ a&lbp*' TO*ovTor^' ij npif * piywnov yaq 5jj 

Tovro TaJy &TO? aya&&r. JJsgl xigtag Srj xal atifdag 

o fteyaXoyvxeg i<rrtv, &g Set. 11. 10x2 aVei; 9i loyov 

yalvovtat oi fityaXSyvxoi nsqltiftifpstyai" TtpygyaQ 

piXwiP oi fttyaXoi aZtovaw eavrottf- xaf a&iav &'. 

. 12. *0 $e iuxQoyvJt6$ itikebtu xal nqbg uvtbr, xal 

nqbg to tov /usya&o^trjfotf tt£fty*a. 1 3. c O 6*e jawo? 

froos iavToy feeV vneqdiXlu • ov jtijy tox ye fisyaXo- 

yvxov* 14. Y) W fityaXofvzog, eftwo toy usyimm 

u$iog, Squnog Sv city * pe/joyds y«^ ae* o /JeHx/cov 

a$wg, xal ptyloxm b aqurtog* tor t»? cUi?£-a>g Spa 

fiey aXoynjxov $u aya&bv^etvai* xal do$m fl* «v «7- 

va* (MsyaXoyvxoVy »o eV Ixwprp aoerfj ££?«> 15. Ov- 

$ou^ % #V aqpfoi psyaXoifrvxw ytvytiv naqaad- 

eavxt x>vbt idmtfr* ttyOg y«o ' fyato ^roaget ataxia, 

<J ov&sv (iiy»t K»^' ftfttorttx $* frtiaxoTrovprt, niftnav 

ytXoiog (palvoir w o ptyaXoyvxQg, P*i aya&bg wV* 

ov» «fy £' avoids npqg a$tog, yavXog&v x^gaoe- 

x^ff ya$ a^Aov ^ ti/iTj ^a* aTtovt^tttxi, totg aya&dig. 

4§. *iSoi«t f»eV ovv ^ (teyaXoytvxia olox xoafiog ns 

Digitized by ViOOQ IC _ 



NICOMACH. LIB. IV. CAP* ill. 70 

tlvou tut agtr&y ptVfrvg yag avt&g noi& xalovyl- 
vvtak avzv ixsiywy* diet tovxo ^oAe7ioy rj} aXri&tlff 
ptyaXoyvxoy thai* ov yag oloy re aviv xaXox&ya- 
&iag. 17. M&Lwxa piy ow mgl xipitg xal axtpiag o 
ptyuXoyvxog earn* xal inl ph ratg pfyaXatg xal vnb 
x£ty OTtovdafay pitying fjo&fotxai, wg xZy olxdwr 
ivyzivav, % xal iXavtovw agttr\g yag narrtXovg 
ovx ay yiyotxo itla xipy' ov pip aXt anod#$xai yt, 
rt? pi\ tx* w oiixovg pelfa avxoianoyipw xygfona- 
ga x&y tvxortmt xal M pixgolg napnay oXiymg^at r 
ov yag xovxwy S^wg • hpolmg tit xal axtpiag • ov yag 
c<Jto* dixalayg ntgl avx&y. 18. MaXtoxa pbovyioxiy, 
Sqntg ttgyxai, 6 ptyaloipvxog ntgl npag* ov pip 
oSlXaxal mol nXovxov xal dvvaortlctv xal naaay *v- 
xvxiay xa\ avvjtav ptxgioag Ret, onwg &V yivi\xai % 
xal ovx tvxvx&v ntgixagi^g ^htai, ovxt axvx£y ntgl* 
Xvnog • ovdi yag ntgl xiprp ovxug txti, &S piyurtov 
ov • at yag dvyaoxttat xal o nXovxog 6iit xi\y xiptp 
iottv algxxa* ot yovv exoyxtg aixa, npaodou 8i ov- 
xmv fovXovxai * a> dq xal rj xipi} ptxgoy ioxi, xovty 
xal taXXa* 8 A xalintgonxat doxovoty thai. 19.z/o- 
xtt Si xal xa tvxvx^paxa avp(laXXta&at nqb\g ptya- 
XoyvxlaV oiyag tiytvtig a$iovvxaixtptig* xal old v- 
yaoxtvoyxtg, JS\ ol nXovxovvxtg m iyvntgoxfi yag* to 
d' aya&o) vntgixov nav, iynp6xegoy m du> xalxa xotr- 
aitu ptyaXoyvxorigovg noi&' xip&yxai yag vnb f*» 
y£v. 20- Kax 7 aXri&uay d* o aya&bg povog xiptjrog- 
w &* apepa VTtaqxu > paXXoy a£ioVtcu xipyg * ot ti* 
ttvBV agtxT[g xa xoiavxa aya&a sxovxBg, ov%t dixalag 
kavxovg ptyaX&y atiwow, ovxs bg&»g ptyaXoyvx™ 

s 



00 ARISTOTEUS JSXHIC. 

Myovxaf av'tv yagagixr^g navxtXovg ovxtoxtxavxa. 
21» 'TntgoTtrat ds xal vftgwxal xal xa xoiavxa jfoox- 
t$g, xaxol yiyvovxaf avtv yag agsx^g ov $adto> <jpi- 
f sty ififielvg xa ivivxypaxu * o« dvvausvot ds <pdgs*r t 
*a» oUfisyot ray aXXatv vjugixw, ixsirtoy fib xaxa- 
4pgovovoty aixol de, o xt av xvxtoat, Trgdxxovat' pir- 
ftovvxut yag xbv usyaXoipvxov, ovx opototovxsg • tov- 
t o ds dgwaty, iy olg dvpayxat * t« /t*«y ovy xax agt- 
tyv ov ngdxxovor xaxaaigoyovot dsx&y aXXaty. 22.* O 
ds ntyak6yvx°S » dtxattag xaxa<pgoyst" do£a£n yag 
aXy&vg • ol dl noXXol xvxovxtag. £3. Ovx law ds fit- 
xgoxlvdvvog, oids q>tkoxivdvvog diet xb oXiya xtftipy • 
usyaXoxlvdvyog di m xal oxay xtydvysvtj, aqpetdqg zev 
fiiov, ag ovx a^tov ov navx&g Zyv. 24. Kal olog ev 
notsiv tisgysxovpsvog d* atoxvvsxaf to usy yag 
ineoixovTog, to dp vnsgtxopsvov • xal avxivsgysxtubg 
nXsiovuv • ovxa yitg itgogoq>Xijost 6 vnaglag xal **axat 
sv TTtnov&wg. 25. Aoxqvqi ds xal (ivryiovtvtw, ovc 
av iiok7\o(3iaiv sv wvd* ay na&uaty, ov* iXaxxaty yag 
o na&o)v sv, xov noMiaanog: (lovXsxat ds vnsgs'xsiv 
xal xa ukv rfdiag axovtt, xa J' a^dwg • dtb xal x%w 
Sixty ov Xiyuv xag sisgysaiag tw JCt, ov&* oi Asixv- 
vsg ngbg xovg ^A&yyaiovg , aXi a nenov&saay «/.' 
26. MeyaXoyvxov de xal xb firi&svbg duo&at ij fioytg* 
vnygexsiv ds ngo&v(iv>g, xal ngbg fisv xovg b> a|tw- 
paxt xal sixvxlatg, piyav ttvaf ngbg dkxovg fiiaovg, 
fisxgioy • x&y usv yag insgs'xsty, ^aXwroy xal Qiuyov * 
xojv ds, $(fdtov xal h ixeiyoig piv otfivvvso&at ovx 
ay twig, h di xdXg xanttvolg qpogxtxbr, mgnsg tig xoifg 
qo&irug loxvgi&o&at. 27. Kal eig xa tvryia py ti- 

, - Digitized by VjOOQIC 



N1C0MACH. LIB. IV. CAR HI. «1 

rat, 4} ov ngtottvovaty SlXXqi • xalagyw §7y«* xal ptl* 
XtlTtpn £l£ V onov Tifit) fieyaXrj jqsgyov «a* bXiymv 
ah»ngaxxvxbv f psydXtoy di xalovofiaot&v* ZR.'Aray- 
Kaiov di xal yavsg&fHoov that xal <pav$g6<f>tXov • to 
ykg Xav&avziV) tpofiovpivov xal piXeir TfjgaXri&timg 
umXXqv, n *?$ dotys, xalXiytw xalxgariuvafavtg&g 9 
xaTaatgovfinxovyag* dtbira$faoiaoTi*6g* no^fatM- 
'azutov dif, dw xavtupQOPijTixbs xal aXrj&tvxutbg, nXy* 
oaa fiij 6V tlqtovtlav • ttgwa di ngbg rovg xfoXXovg. 
29. IfaJ ngbg'aXXo* pr, dvvao&ai tyv , &X£ fj ngbg 
<piXov dovXtxbv yag • fob xal nanig ol uoXaxtg &rj- 
tixoi • xal ol tanuvol xoXaxsg. 30. Ovtii &avpa'wu-. 
xog • ov&fo yitg piya avru 4otip» Ovdi pvi\oi%axog * 
ov yag psyaXoyw^ov to anopyiipovtvtir, aXXwgu xal 
xaxa ' wXXa paXXov nagogax. 31. Ov&i iv&gomoXo- 
yog ' out* yag ntgl avtov igii, ovtt ntglMgov * ev- 
%t yag if a inaivyja^ u&Xn avtu> , ov& 9 Snmg ol «A- 
loi y$yarka$. Ovd' av btawnixbg ior$. diontg ovdi 
xaxoXoyog,- oids r&v ix&'guv, $1 pt\ di vflguf* 32. Xal 
ntgl ayayxatwvij pixgav %xuna bXoyvgjixbg xaldsrj- 
Ttxig* onovdatovTog yag ovitog ifrw* ntgl ravxa, 
S3* K*l olog xe*Tti<j&cu paXXov ta xaXa xal axagna 
itoy xagnipw xaldxptXipw avtdgxovg yag pallor. 
34. ital xbrjoig ds figadua tou ptyaXoy&xov doxC 
elrai, xal ytovij fiagsia, xal Xi$ig araoipog • ov yag 
onevorixbg b ntgl bXlya anovdafav, ovdi ovrtovog o 
uri&tv piya oiopsvog* ^ (5* ob><fOivia xal fj ta^vtfig 
diit tovtow • rowvTog pir ovv b psyaXoyvzog. 35. 'O x 
£' iXXtiTtw, pixg6yv%og' bJ* rmigpaXXmv, jpawo?. 
Ov xaxol frit ovr doxovaur $lva* ovd 3 ovtot • ov yag 
Arist. Ethic. I. F 



92 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC. 

xuuonetoi uaw • qp<*$Tqpi»oc Si. € pi* yaq [imfi- 
fvXWt foot ** iya&m^^heivxw anoortqu, £r £k*og 
im * sa * «o**« jMxxoy fx*** *h i* tov pq ibovy lov- 
w> tw aya&mv, sal oyrofi* #* tovtov w^iysroyag 
*r,w p$u>e i\v f iyc&mv yt oVror. Oi prjytyi&ioiyt 
ol votevro* Sonovaw rfnxi, alia pullov bxvtftoh i\ 
zotainil Si Si$a Soxu **}z*tyovgmu&r* htrntrtoiyaq 
tyfo>Tat wr sot o£cW. ld<plav*9T4u Si sol ws »£«- 
Scw fMf sajlw so* wr iswjtfw^arw*', &? ara£«oi 
ottfff* bpofae Si salsoV 4*thg iya&*p. 36. O* & 
jfawo* *jJUd«o< soliatrcotrf iyrowrag, s«1t«vt Art- 
9ay£$*-atff yoa afto* osref safr ivtlpoig ixixuQovmr, 
rfia i£tUyxoru*i, *e& Artist soapovVfafsal OXVP**- 
?i sal tolg xoiovroig * . sal povXtrtw ti evwgtyfaTa 
tpaveqa tiVat avrw, sal Xiyovm irepi «vwy, «$•"&« 
iovtow upij&ipro/icyo*. 37. 'JbrtnUhiai Si «jj f**ya- 
Xoyvxfy V fiutQOipvX"* palXop t$? jfaiwoTipro? * sat 
yao ylyvtxat aaJUo? sal Z&Q&* iortv, 38. *H fup ow 
pttyaXoyrvxto **?* *tyty to** fayaXrjr, Sgn$q dtyytcu. 
CAPUT IV, - 
'jBqis* & sal wtpl tetVTTp that, txperij tig, *a£a- 
ftiQ it tdig 7t(p*toig &4x&*i > ^ daf «ct» a* icapawiij- 
a/wtf ifcis jrfof tijs ftsyaloyrvxiur, alprta so* iy &«/- 
#cf*orqff now T*jy fuyalonqimuxv Spqw yaq cnruxi 
%cv p& fityakov aysoraoi, rof 1 Si ra ftitgm sal Tee 
ptxpa Siau&faai* ijpas ig S&. 2. ^foeirto & & Ajyst 
sal floae* XQW* 1 *** pwivtig iati, sal vn^|9o)l{ stsal 
IXJUtJpi? * ©ww sal & ti£i}? Of#«*,_ to uaJUor ij *&e, 
sal qttor, sal to ofoy&t, sal w$ 3«. 3. Tor t» ^aa 
^UoTiaas yrfyopiy, ig sal aaUas if S4$, sal a^es ov 



N1C0MACH. LIR IV. CAP. V. 83 

d&, tijs ™pn€ topUpwop* tip t* iqxlotipop, ig ovf 
totVxdig nvldig nooatqovpwop vipao&a*. A.f&oii 6' 
ort row tptXoitpop totowovptr, ig oytytilq nal 91A0- 
*cri6y~ tot di Mfnlotipop, £g pixotov kuI atiyoopa, 
Sgiuq %al tor totgnomtoig tfnopw dqlopd* ounlto*- 
ytfjpfc T °v tptXofowvrov Uyapirov, ov* totl to avto 
uu ^iqopiP tip qpUoripoy* «JU,' tosasrovrt§g pip, tot* 
to pHlop 1} ol arollol * yiyorttg di, toil to pallov y 
du- ipwpvpov d' ovoyg tqg> peoo%t)Vog , -ig Sonpug, 
Mount ifufiopqtup ta inoa • i* olg d* ioxh vmqflo- 
Xtj xal UXtapig, nal to ptorop. 5. 9 Ootyort*h di tipyg 
xal pallov % d£, xul yitop • hatt dt^nalig d& * totat- 
p&ta% yovp q e£ig aSta, ftieotqg ovoct mqlttpifp 
apwpvpog * qmUrsruL di nqog ptortipoyilottplap, iuf^ 
lottpia* nqog di tip iq^lottpiap, tptlotipia* nqog 
apcpottqa di, apyotiqi nmg. 6."jBot*t di toSt thou 
xal ntql tig illag iqttig* artw&a&ai-do iptav&a 
d muooixpoUvortai, dta to py ipopao&ai ton pioop. 
CANT V. 
Hqaotqg &* iatl pip pBQotyg ntql oqyig • vvtarv- 
ftov d' optog tov ptorov, oypdip di xal tip axqtav, 
toil top pioop tip nqaotqta ysqoptp, nqog tip tXXu- 
y>$p cntoxlivovoap, apivvpop ovoar. 2,*Hd* vntq- 
fiolii oqydotqg tig Uyoit «*• to pip yaq nifrog 
iaihf oqyq • tin d* Ipnoiovrta, noil* xal diaqdoorta. 
3. c O pip ovp tq? oh d£ xat olg d& oqyitopwog, St* 
di xal ig du, *al on, xal ooop tqopop, inaurutaf 
noqog dq ovtog $p sty, slktq ij nqa&tyg toteuyntcu. 
Bovlrtat yko o nqqog ataqaxog dpai, uml pn iy+» 
o&*t vno Toi) na&avg *- il£ mg op o Xoyog t«f w, ov- 



S4 ARISTOTE LIS ETHIC. 

ita xal inl xovxoig, xal inl xoaovtop xgbvov xaltnal- 
vm. 4. *Apaoxapup Si doxu pallor inlxrjv SUetyw- 
ov yao xiptjoijxixbg i ngaog , alia pallor ovyypu- 
p&rsxog. §. € Hd* tllsiif/ig, &t aooyijaia xlg &xiv, 
tt& 5 t« 9q noxt, yiysxai. Oi yiopif oQyi£6/i£voi4(f> 3 
olg du, yll&toi doxovotp tlrcu, xal ol py us du, pifi 
oxs, prjdi olg d&. 6. dox*% yao oix mo&apte&ai, ov- 
diivntfa&ai' prj ooyi£optvog x» ov* slvaiapvrrixog- 
% o di nqonnlaxi£op*pov apixto&ai, xal xovg olntlovg 
ntotoQav, avdganod&dsg, 7. *H d' vntq^olr^ naxa 
nana pfr ybttw xal yog olg oi du, xal &p olg ov 
d&, xal pallor rj del, xal &axxop,jtai nldtn xqopov 
oil ptp anarxa ye *a> avrw vndtqx**' ov. yao ap ov- 
vauxo tlvcu, • xb yao xaxbp xal xa&* avxb anollvoi * xav 
bloxlrjQOv y, ag>6gfftop ylptxai. $. Oi ph ov* ogyl- 
loiraziwg p& ogyKopxai* xal olg oi du, xal &p olg 
oirdtl, xal pallov f] d&* navopxai di xaxmg, o xal 
fttluoxor txovau 2vppalvu di aixolg xovxo, on ov 
xarixovot xyv boyijp, alia apxanodidoaow • fj <pave*- 
qoI mo* dta Tip oSvryja' sha anoitavorxai. 9.'ita0- 
fioltj d 3 uqIp oi axgoxoloi o$ug xal nobg nap boyi- 
loi, xal inl navxi' p&ep xal xovpopa. 10. Oi di nir- 
xgol, dvgdialvxoi, xalnoliv xoopop bgyltovxai' xax- 
tyovoi yao tbv -frvpor • navla di.yipsiat, btav av- 
vanod*d$ m i\ yag xipoigla navt* xyg bgyyg, fjdovi}* 
ipxlxyg Xvntig tpnoiovoa* xovxov di py ywop&rov, 
to fiagog txowjt' dta yag xb pyJmtpapig s7?«t, oidi 
avpnti&n avxovg ovdetg • h avr$ di ntyai rrjv oo* 
yijv, zqovov dii, Slol 6i oi xotovxoilavxdig o^iijoo- 
xaxoh **l toig fiiluna yiloig. 11. Xaltnoirg di li- 

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: NICOMACH. LIB. IV. CAP. VI. 85 

yopsr tovq i<p -olf t$ py Stt xolinairortag, ttai pdf- 
Xoy v Su xal TtXilfo XQovoy, xal pt) dtallomopivovc 
arsv ttpuolag ifxolaotug. 12. Tf/ ngaonju di pal- 
lor tip vrnqftolriv arrai&eptr • xal yao pallor yl- 
vera** &p&Qwtuu&T9Qor yao to pallor rip&Qua&ai. 
Kal ngbg to ovpfiiovr ol x*ltsrol, x^oovg. 13. "O M 
gat & to*? nooxsgov tfyqTa*, xal i* jwv Ityophxav 
dt)lov ov yag $<p&*or dkogloai to nig, xal t(oi) xal 
§Jtl noigig, xal noaov xgbror bgyiorior, xal p*XQ % t£- 
909 og&iog notU t*s % apagraru. c O pi r yag putgbr 
naotxpaboiv ov ytiynai, oSt inl to pallor, ov* fal 
to %%Tor % hloxt yao Tovg Ultlnonag inatrovptr, 
xal jtoaovg (paper' xalxovg xdlfnatrorrag avdgd- 
detg, ig (htrapirovg agx*i*» *Odh noaov xal nmgnag- 
exfiaivw iptxxbg, ov Qydiov tw loyq> anodovrai* h 
yao %ol& xa& sxaora xalxtj aUrdyosi ?; xgfoig. 14. 3 Jl- 
lit to ys Toiovror dr\lov, on if pb (*& a V &$ incurttifr 
xa& rjv olg 6u ooytfopt&a, xalitp ojg 8u, not* wg 
del, xal nana t« xotavta • at di vntgfiolal xal &~ 
Ultpug yexrat • xa» £r} pwgbr psr yivopirai, rjoipa - 
6r* nldor'di, pallor * fai »oXi M, otpbdoa • o^Aoy ow 
Sw t^« pipyg Qfug av&txtiov. 15. Al per ovv *$gl 
tip bgyip get? efyips&oioav. 

CAPUT VL 
9 J5r Si Taig bpiliatg xaljy ovtyv, xal Xoymr xal 
ngaypwtw xotrwiiv , oi pip agwxo* doxovotr •«*«* 
ol nana ngbg ydovijv inavrovntg , xal ov&iv arj*- 
Tiivartsg, alia dq oiopwot 6*eir alvna xolg invy- 
Zurovour*ly*t'2.ol 6 y 4&tpavTlag xovrotg ngbgnarta 
artnvnovrnq, xal xovlvnuv ovS* btiovr q>QOvrlCor~ 

» 



80 ARISTOTELIS ETHIC. 

itq, bvgxoXoi xal ovgiytdtg xaXovvta*. 3. *Ow pev 
ow «l uqupiva* 8?et$ utsxtal hoip, ovx adrjXoy • xa} 
on ij /K«ty Tovwar toaipstq, xa& *p anod&etai , a 
d& xal mg dti* opoiag dexal dvgx*Qap&. 4."Oropor 
de ovx anodidoxcu airrrj »• Soww is paXuna <pdiqc « 
toiovto? y«0 Am? o jhxtoc t^i» p£ripr fjn>, oW /Jou- 
Xops&a Xiyup top inutxtj <plXor, to otioysip nqogXa- 
fiopza. 5 . du*q>4f€i di tyg <pMag,oti aviv na&ovg iotl 
xal tov otiqytip, olg bfiiXH* ovre yao tw qpfAg? ^ 
iX&oahrup anobtxtxtu txaata &g dsi , aXXa im rot- 
©vtoff «Ira*. 'Oftotog yaq nobg ayv&tag xal ypmol- 
povg xal ovpti&iig xal aowqdw? *w© noiipm, ifXip 
xal h ixaototg ig aopo(u * ov yap bpolmg noogtfxu 

OVPlftttP Xal O&Pti&P €pQQPxltuV t Ovd* OV XvTtHf. 

6* JCa^oXov (tip ovpstyytai, ou ig btl ofjuXqon' 
araytQM dl itobgtb xakbpxal to avpqtfyop, otoxao*- 
tcu tov fi.fi Xvn&v, fj ovptidvpup. T?Eotx* pep yap n$ql 
jjdopag xal Xinag thai tag h talg bptliaig yipopi- 
pag • tovttov d* oaag pkp uvt& Am pn **Xbr tj fiXa- 
(kobv avptidvpup , dvgxsoaptl xal'nooaig^mtat Xv- 
ntfo* xSp tttnowvmdk aawpoovpfiP atioji, xaltav- 
tip u*i pixoap, 9 (MP*!** V &' 4paptfaoig ptxobp Xv- 
nyp, ovx anodi&ttai, aXXa dvgxiQaxu. 8. duxiptopv- 
ttag $' ofiiXriou Toig $p almpaakxal totg tvxovxri, xal 
palkop rj rjrtop ypwoipotg • bpolmg di xal xata tag 
aXXag dumpoqag, txaorotg aatopiymp to noinop, xal 
xa&* avto pep alqovpzvog to ovvtflvpHP , Xvn&p di 
9iXafioifUpog,toig di aiiofialpovoip, iap y ftelfa, evp- 
■ m vjtofitpog ' Xiya* Si iw xctiaj xal x<5 ovfuptyopti* xal 
titovjlS di b>txa'tr}$ dgav&ig peyaXi}^ ptxpa Xvntioet, 

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NICOMACH. LIB. IV. CAP, VII. 87 

9. e O pip ovp piaog toiovvig iotip • oi» wopaotm 
d£> %ov di avpiflvpoptoq b pip tov tidvg dvai (fro/a- 
(ofitToSy pit diatiaXXo, agtoxog* b &' onto? MpiXua 
ttg cwtoj yiyrqtai tig xgflpdta , xal orftf diit XQr)p6* 
tap, xoXa$ * b di nctot dv&tgalpwp, efyijraf oti dvg~ 
xoXog xal digsgtg* arrtxuo&ou St ^altera* ta axga 
lavrolg, tia to apnrvpoirdpm to pioop. 

% CAPUf VII. 
Ihgl tit aita di o/tdov Am xal ij x^q aXa^optiaq 
titmoxtig. 'Apwrvpog di xal avt*;. Oi jp$f or d* xal 
tag totavtag iml&Hr. M&XXop te yog op ttdtlr\ptP 
ta nsql to ?}&og, xa& ixaatop SteXdovrtg* xal ptoo- 
Ttfzag that tag agsrag mottvoaipep ap, &tl nAptw 
ovtmg 9xw ovpidortcg. *JBp 9y tq* ovZyv, ol pi* vcgbg 
yforqv xal Xvnrip bpiXovrteg &gi)Ptai* mgldirjap 
aXr}&evort&v t$ xal ysvdopipw eftrapw, bpofag 4p 
Xoyoiq xal Trgafroi xal t$ ngognoirfpcm. 2. Joxu dq 
b pip aXa&p ngognotytixbg t&v irdo&tp thai, xal 
pn vnag^optnp, xal pttt&pap ij inagxu. £• ° &* &~ 
gup apanaXtp, agp&o&ai tit vnig/orta, rj tXartto tmh- 
&p. 4. € di piaog av&ixaatog tig £p, akudtvtixbg 
xal ty (tt<p xalt$ Xoyw, ta vnagxorra bpoXoy&p el- 
vai 7agl avtbv, xal ovte ptifa ovre iXdttta. b*Eati 
di tovtmp Ixaata, xal i'vexa ttpog noi&p xalpfj&Bvig* 
"Exaatog di o\6g 4<rti, toiavta Xfyet xal ngaitn, xal 
ovtm Qf. iav py rwog htxa iroarrp. 6. Ka&* avtb di 
to pip yttv&og (pavXov xotl ytxtbp, to di aXyS-ig xa~ 
Xbp xal inaiifBtov. Ovrat di xal b pip aXri&vtmxbg, 
piaog £p, ijtaivitog' oidi yvudoptvoi, apyoteooipip 
yextoi, paXXoy d' b aXaitip. Heel ixatigov 3* ti'7H»- 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



$8 ARISTOTKLIS ETHIC. 

ptv * ftqittqov di »«o* tov aXy&tvriKQv* 7. Ov yap 
mo* %ov iv ta%g bpoXoyiaig aXr)&£vovtog Xiyofuv, 
aid* baa ug adixiav^ dixatoovvtiv owre/m* alius 
ya$ av efy %ai% aoetifc * aiX bg ay uri^svbg rotov- 
tov dwytyovjog xal iv Xbyy *al iv (Ktp aXr}&tvr] t tw 
rip ffcty<fQM>v%o$ elva&l 8. Jbltu S* av a rotovtog 
toutxris thai* . o ya$ ipdaX^&t^, xaliv olg uy dia- 
tpiou aXrj&evttiy, &tif&evau,xal iv olg dia<p£$Bi err* 
paXXor. € Jlg yaq alajtybv,